THE MICHIGAN DAILY
SUNDAY, MAY G, 1951
e .. _ --
MacA rhur Spotlight
The Week's News
.*IN RETROSPECT . .
E CLATTER of gunfire from the Holy
and drew mixed reactions in this coun-
at first largely surprise at the renewal
ghting in that area so recently calmed,
later disgust that the old sore had re-
hat the clash should awaken such
lings is not surprising. To most Ameri-
is, and to Israelis too, Syria's incursiqn
a the demilitarized border area stems
m a "dog-in-the-manger type of hat-
--Syria objects to the draining of the
Ieh Swamp, desolate for centuries.
hough this is the surface provocation,
seedling war took root in deeper soil.
inception of hostilities stems from a
rrent pattern throughout the Near East,
4ttern of intermingled rivalry and ignor-
asically the pattern is this: wealthy
lowners fearful of progress and a rise
he standard of living, ignorant desert
bs, traditionally xenophobia, and the
usion of a group with plans alien to
dle East thought.
' Israelis, the aridity of deserts and
>ation of swamps are natural complica-
.s to be met with all the weapons of
inology. r The Arabs do not see things
e this way.
hus any project of the Israelis becomes
game, in Syrian minds, for raiding-a
Aime which is part of desert culture.
s Arab tradition, stirred and channeled
Syrian leaders, has revived the war in
That Israel's northern neighbor should
.ose this moment to renew hostilities
licates that Syria is growing wise to the
litical ways of our times.
n three counts, the time is ripe.
ie UN is involved in Korean affairs,
h militarily and agenda-wise. Thus there
ittle chance of immediate interference
n Lake Success.
srael is attempting to finance a bond issue
w ill be loathe to make much needed
estnent capital seem precarious by going
ven if the Israelis were disposed to risk
cial failure, the reasoning goes, the
den of immigration, industrialization and
orthodox-reformed schism will ham-
ng the Israeli effort to resist.
Coming down as did their Assyrian pro-
nitors like " a wolf on the fold," the
Tian attackers seem to have failed at
ist temporarily. Their losses have been
eavy, their objectives have not been
erhaps they should take warning from
in ancestors' example-Assyria's ancient
asion of the Holy Land brought only
truction to itself.
DR MONTHS the Republican stand on
fogeign affairs has appeared to be F
ze of irreconcilable contradictions.' But
one apocalyptic statement, the cogent
iator Taft has clarified all.
The Senator from Ohio recommends
st that we bomb Manchuria, blockade
iina and promote an invasion of the
binese mainland by the forces of Chi-
ig Kai-Shek. Secondly, he proposes that
e reduce our armed forces by half a
illion and cut the military budget by $20
)n the surface this may sound schizo-
renic, but to one versed in the subtleties
Republican policy it is clearly the only
y. The two banes of American life are
h taxes and Communism. Senator Taft
s cleverly thought of a plan that will eli-
Ve regret that the Senator's innate ino-
ty and conscientious desire to compro-
e prevented him from citing the full po-
tial of his proposal. We can see the day
en the army will be reduced to two re-
iting sergeants in Formosa leading a
rch to Moscow under the banner of "a
anced economy for the United States,"
When Taft first announced his poli-
cal panacea in a speech before the Uni-
d States Chamber of Commerce, he was
ildly applauded. We, too, feel compelled
syllogisms be damned-Hip, Hip, Hurrah!
t The Michigan,...
APPOINTMENT WITH DANGEl with
Ian Ladd, Phyllis Kirk, and Paul Stew-
tettep4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
WASHINGTON-It was MacArthur's day.
The General took command of the hear-
ing immediately and was never seriously
challenged by any senator.
A few, including Senator McMahon of
Connecticut, attemnted to re-focus atten-
tion on the fact that Communism is all
1 one threat, that Russia stands poised in
Europe while Red China attacks in
Korea. At those moments General Mac-
Arthur reverted to the theatre commander
who should not discuss the world politi-
Democrats are discussing where they will
get an equally compelling witness to put
Russia and Europe in the picture. They
know that Secretary of State Acheson is a
broken reed in this battle. They are confi-
dent that Secretary of Defense Marshall
and General Bradley will give the adminis-,
tration strong support.
But they have been shaken by the Mac-
Arthur skill, his crowds, th'e psychology of
victory that he engenders. And so they
are talking of bringing General Eisenhower
back to press the North Atlantic story and
put the whole globe into the committee
It is a fair guess that one of the trans-
cripts of the MacArthur testimony will
be going across the Atlantic into General
Eisenhower's hands. Ike's old chief of
staff, Maj. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith, is
right here, head of the Central Intelli-
gence Agency, and in an excellent posi-
tion to assay the MacArthur proposals
and what they will mean to the job
which has been entrusted to General
President Truman rather accidentally has
revealed that General Smith had to make
a personal trip to Tokyo to induce General
MacArthur to take CIA into his theatre.
The President was not committing himself
on dates but apparently it happened after
the MacArthur miscalculation about Red
China entering the war.
The administration tacticians who be-
lieve they will have to ,produce General
Eisenhower to counteract MacArthur sug-
gest that Ike may not choose to jump into
the fray as North Atlantic Commander. If
he does not, they-are toying with the idea
that General Bradley might be dispatched
to Europe in Ike's place so that the archi-'
tect of victory in Europe can step up to bat
as a civilian. Should this happen, General
Eisenhower will be squarely in the middle
of the political arena where so many of his
friends want him to be anyway. The ques-
tion is will it seem to him that important?
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
Hail to the Chief .
To the Editor:
H ARRY S. Truman is the great-
est president in American his-
His Truman Doctrine has pre-
served Greece and Turkey and
perhaps the whole Near East for
the forces of Democracy. The
Marshall Plan has resulted in a
remarkable economic recovery in
W. Europe, enabling us to have
allies (N. Atlantic Pact) without
which the balance of world pro-
duction and resources might shift
in Russia's favor. His decision to
intervene in Korea has finally
aroused the American- public to
the urgent necessity for rearming
and has resulted in the preserva-
tion of all S. W. Asia and Indo-
China. (The U. S. is now stronger
in both Europe and Asia then it
was prior to the Korean war).
He doesn't sacrifice his princi-
ples on the altar of political ex-
pediency as evidenced by his sup-
porting civil rights despite the
defection of the Dixiecrats. His
firing of MacArthur was done for
the welfare of the nation, though
he knew he was thereby giving
his opponents a political issue.
If the U. S. is not prepared toI
resist the Communists, then the
blame lies not with the President,
but with the opposition headed
by Taft which has fought every
attempt at military preparedness
including the draft-and the Atlan-
Hail to the chief ! ! !
'Lane Hall . .
To the Editor:
CONTRARY to what seems to be
the unanimous opinion of Uni-
versity officials, the students are
not leading deliriously happy lives
in this institution. Smoldering dis-
content is obvious to anyone who
takes the trouble to find out what
the students are thinking and
feeling.Thestudent body has,
somehow, $ come up with the 'idea
that it is quite capable of directing
its own affairs. The University,
it seems, has different ideas.
I gather that the University
considers the student body to be
entirely without morals, imma-
ture and just a little stupid. Our
father, pro tempore, obviously also
feels that we must be kept so.
Symptomatically, University juris-
diction was extended to envelop
Lane Hall yesterday. We are lit-
erally being told what to say, feel
University officials "did not feel
the matter (of University clear-
ance of what now consists of all
student contact outside of the Uni-
versity) was of enough importance
to make any official annaunce-
ment to the campus." In other
words, it doesn't make any dif-
ference if we live in a world run
by mature, thoughtful and deci-
sive citizens or one in which all
thought processes are controlled
from above. I think we all had a
slightly different idea of what an
However hard it may be for the
University to give up its control,
it's this or the inevitable destruc-
tion of the ideals to which, even
the University cannot fail to give
lip service. If you like the world
just the way it is, accept this rul-
ing. If you feel that somehow,
someday, the world can be a bet-
ter place to live in, resent and .act
to remove University restrictions
Union VP's . .
To the Editor:
W HY ALL THIS quibbling about
recounting Union Vice-Presi-
dent ballots. Didn't the Judiciary
Committee make one decision?
Can't they stick by it?
MATTER O-F FACT
By STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-"I do not believe," said attacks on Manchuria would force "a most
Gen. MacArthur on Thursday, "that solemn decision" on the Kremlin.
anything thathappens in Korea, or Asia-for In Kennan's known view, it is almost
that matter, would affect the basic decision" inconceivable that the "solemn decision"
--that is, the Kremlin's decision whether or would be to do nothing at all. The Soviet
not to intervene openly in the Korean war, decision might take any one of a number
MacArthur may be right. But he has cer- of forms, including a decision to attack
tainly been dead wrong before, on the like- our own "privileged sanctuary" in Japan.
lihood of Chinese intervention in Korea. This would of course be the signal for the
So was virtually every official in Washing- start of the third world war.
ton. So, in truth, were this reporter and his It is more likely, Kennan is known to
partner. But there was one man who was believe, that the Soviet Siberian Air Force
dead right. (possibly thinly disguised in Chinese mark-
This man is George F. kennan, who ings) would be given a more limited mission.
was State Department Counselor before It would almost certainly be thrown into
he resigned last Summer to join bthe the battle over Manchuria and North Korea,
Institute for Advanced Study at Prince- and it would very probably be ordered also
Instiute fr Ad c ist life to trhne- to attack our ports and supply lines in
ton. Kennan has devoted his life to the South
study of the Soviet Union and he is un-
doubedl ths contr's reatst xpet A Kennan is known to agree that heavy air
doubtedly this country's greatest expert attacks on United Nations forces from Man-
on Soviet policy. This reporter can tes- churian bases would leave no alternative
tify from personal knowledge that after to counter-attacks on these bases. But such
the Inchon landings Kennan warned re- t ett acksnon thed, base Bu ost
peatedly and categorically that either attacks have notyet occurred, itself a most
Chinese or Soviet intervention was wholly significant fact,
ineitbl, f te niedNations army Finally, if Kennan is as right as he was
inevitable, if the United Nain ry last fall, attacking Manchuria would al-
passed beyond the narrow neck of the ls al takn acui ol l
Korean peninsula to the Manchurian most mathematically lead to general war.
border. Moreover, this war would come under the
worst possible conditions, since our allies
These warnings were disregarded,,at a are undefended, and rightly or wrongly,
cost which cannot be estimated. But it is would hold us in part responsible' for
at least worth inquiring what Kennan con- their ruin.
siders the probable Soviet reaction if the As for the alternatives, Kennan believes
war is now carried to China and Manchuria. that a real political victory in Korea may
Allowing for the difficulty of precisely re- soon be possible, if we do not again make
porting the views of another, Kennan's the fatal mistake of demanding "uncondi-
opinions can be summarized about as fol- tional surrender." If not, Kennan is known
lows: to believe that we should not edge into war
What happens in Asia is certain to affect by the back door, but should use the secret
the Kremlin's course, as it has always done processes of diplomacy to confront the real
in the past. This is partly because of the masters of the situation, the men in the
political relationship between China and Kremlin, with the clear choice between war
the Soviet Union, formalized by the Sino- and a modus vivendi. Kennan may be en-
Soviet pact, which the Chinese would cer- tirely wrong-no man can always be right.
tainly invoke, and which the Soviets could But Kennan has very often been right in
dishonor only at great cost. But the heart the past, and at least his views merit serious
of the matter is that Manchuria involves and unemotional attention.
not only Chinese but direct Soviet interests. (Copyright, 1951, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
This is why, of the measures proposed,
Kennan considers the bombing of Manchuria
the key. The Soviet strategic interest in Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
-Manchuria derives partly from the simple are written by members of The Daily staff
geographic relationship between Manchuria and represent the views of the writers only.
and the Soviet East. What is more, Port
Arthur is an important Soviet port and
naval base, and the Soviet communications NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY REED
lines to Port Arthur cross Manchuria. Thus
* * * *
A SWEEPING EPIDEMIC of undetermined cause crossed the paths
of 60 women at Betsy Barbour Wednesday night and forced a
slew of them out of their dormitory into the confines of the Health
Service. University officials were puzzled and evasively said they
"_ihad absolutely no idea" of the cause of the attacks. But a majority
of the pale women at Barbour charged "food poisoning!"
Many of the women were suffering from nauseau, which led one
spokesman to suppose it was ptomaine poisoning. From there, ther
speculation went from canned peas, to pork, to polluted drinking
IMPROVEMENT IN DORM FOOD-Prior to the Betsy Barbour
incident, dorm residents had been placated by an announcement that
they can expect better food next year-when they pay for it. Univer-
sity officials said that dorm fees would go up $50 for men and $40
LANE HALL INTERVENTION-A new policy of tighter control
over speakers sponsored by Lane Hall groups was announced. From
now on, SRA and its member groups must get clearance for all outside
speakers in public meetings from the Office of Student Affairs. It
was reported that the recent Willie McGee rally and peace conferences
in Lane Hall had irritated several higher-ups.
The announcement was provocative. Lane Hall director Dewitt
Cy Baldwin moaned, SRAer's groaned, Student Legislators sounded
the clarion. SRA officials planned to appeal their case.
WHEAT FOR. INDIA--With millions of starving'Indians clamor-
ing for a wheat grant from the United States and Sen. Ferguson
shedding a practical tear, several SRA members piled into a car and
headed for Washington, along with students from other colleges, to
present token bushels of wheat to Madame Pandit.
MAY DAY-Proletariat Day arrived May 1 without a local revo-
lution. Several churches, however, prayed for peace and for the
conversion of Russia. Happier Betsy Barbour girls frolicked around
the proverbial maypole.
* *, * *
UNREST IN NEAR EAST-Tension continued high through the
week in the oil-rich Near East. New Prime Minister Mohammed
Mossadegh, leader of the anti-Communist National Front party, hast-
ily set up his cabinet, took in stride May Day riots by 30,000 members
of the Red-inspired Tudeh party, and pushed through an oil national-
ization bill. Officials of the British Anglo-Iranian oil concern, des-
perately tried to keep their foot in the door by making a last ditch
offer to split the profits with the Iranian government. But it looked
like too little and too late, as the Shah signed the nationalization bille
Meanwhile, the smoldering border feud between Syria, and Pales-
tine flared into a pint-sized war this week. The UN succeeded in
imposing for a few hours a cease-fire agreement, but soon the
irrepressible Arabs and Jews were at it again. Each side pointed,
fingers and called names-neither showed much willingness to sit
down and negotiate.
RED OFFENSIVE FIZZLES-After smashing to within four miles
of Seoul, the Chinese Communist offensive at least temporarily was
halted this week. UN forces resumed their sharp jabs in patrol
strength all along the 100-mile front, as the battered Reds licked
their wounds and regrouped their forces. New assaults were expected,
but round one of the spring campaign went to Lt. Gen. Van Fleet's
determined troops, as the Communists bought only a few miles of
strategically worthless terrain for 75,000 casualties.
Meanwhile, the 300-plane Communist air force remained in its
hangers in Manchuria, as both sides maintained the uneasy "gentle-
man's agreement" by which Manchurian bases were untouched and
the Chinese withheld their air force.
* * * *,
National . .
MACARTHUR TAKES THE STAND-Gen. Douglas MacArthur, his
two-week honeymoon of tickertape and hosannas over, rolled up his
sleeves and grimly set in to try and defend his position as stated in the
"old soldier" speech. The prophet of the Orient, whose remarkable in-
sight into the Chinese mind sent us reeling back in costly retreat
from the Yalu River last November, declared before a joint session
of the Senate Armed Forces and Foreign Relations Committees that
unless Red China is beaten into submission by all-out air attack the
Korean War may explode into World War III. The vast Russian
armies bivouaced in Siberia, the General predicted, are unprepared
for action. MacArthur mourned that the, nation's security had been
jeopardized by his dismissal.
KEFAUVER REPORTS--The long-awaited report of the Kefauver
Crime Investigating Committee was finally released Tuesday, three
days after it had been released in Drew Pearson's column. Former
Mayor William O'Dwyer of New York, Gov. Fuller Warren of Florida
and Gov. Forrest Smith of Missouri came in for stinging rebukes for
numerous irregularities and apparent links with the underworld.
-Crawford Young and Cal Samra
(Continued from Page 2)
pany, Detroit (April 30 - May 12). These
prints are from the collection of new
pictures for student rentals.
and Reformed Guild: 7 p.m., Guild
House, 438 Maynard. Rev. Pickerill will
speak on "The Science of Christian
Living." Refreshments and get-ac-
quainted hour will follow at 8 p.m.
Lutheran Student Association: Zion
Parish Hall; Supper at 5:30 p.m. Pro-
gram, 7 p.m. Speakers will be Lutheran
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club: Supper program at 5:30 p.m.,
showing of 16mm sound-color movie:
"God of Creation."
Roger Williams Guild: 10 a.m., Bible
Study at the Guild House. The group
will hear Douglas Steere at the Method-
ist Church at 6:30 p.m.
Michigan Christian Fellowship: 4:30
p.m., Lane Hfall (Fireside Room). Rev.
Leonard Veruin, Pastor of the Campus
Chapel, will speak on the subject:
Chemical Control of Plant Growth." All
"Shall We Be Heretics?"
Westminister Guild: 9:30 a.m., Semi-
nar in Religion. 5:30 p.m., Fellowship
Supper; 6:30 p.m. Worship service and
discussion . program-"I, John, Take
Thee, Mary"-Rev. Barney Roepcke.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting for Sun-
day is cancelled. Regular meeting next
Polonia Club Picnic, Meeting at 3:30.
p.m. by the fountain in front of the
sailing Club: Treasure Hunt. Every-
Hillel Mixer: Grads and Undergrads.
8 p.m., Phi Sigma Delta house, 1808
La P'tite Causette: meets Mon., May
7, 3:30 p.m., Mich. League.
Le Cercle Francais: Meeting, Mon.,
May 7, 8 p.m., League. Election of of-i
ficers and party in honor of the actors
who took part in the French play.
Hillel Social Committee: Meeting
Tues., 4 p.m., Lane Hall. All members
urged to attend. Final plans for the
dance will be arranged.
Women of the University Faculty:
The last of the weekly teas will be held
from 4 to 6 in the club room in the
League, Tues., May 8.
American Chemical Society. Wed.,
May 9, Rm. 1300, Chemistry Bldg. Dr.
James Bonner of the California Insti-
tute of Technology will discuss "The
interested are invited.
THE DEBATE over American po
licy in the Far East can still
serve a good purpose. It can clar-
ify for 'the American people "Just
what Administration policy is,
and it can equally well clarify ex-
actly what the differences are be-
tween the Administration 'and the
MacArthur views, not to mention
the differences between the Mac-
Arthur view and that of the
Hoover-Taft school. It can eluci-
date what is meant by a "limited
war, and how and why, one can
be fought. It can illuminate our
present policy toward Formosa, to-
ward Chiang, toward the United
Nations; it can show how our
strategy in Asia and in Europe is
one. It can also bring into sharp
relief the specific points of criti-
cism against that policy.
-New York Times
ESTERDAY afternoon's May Festival
Concert was significant in that it some-.
how managed to combine the Youth Chorus's
"When Your Potato's Done" and Spivakov-
sky's Sibelius without effecting a spotty re-
The first half of the program consisted
largely a collection of American folksongs
presented by the Festival Youth Chorus, a
large group of white-clad youngsters who
tried their best to sit still.
Their enthusiasm for the affair, how-
ever, persisted in showing itself in de-
lighted smiles, bouncing heads, and some
Hampered neither by over-complicated vo-
cal arrangements or overshadowing orches-
tral accompaniment, the children's voices
were simple and appealing. To the credit of
the conductor, who undoubtedly cautioned
the children to sing their words clearly until
she was tongue-tied herself, every word was
The Philadelphia Orchestra, whether it
HAPPILY breaking with tradition, Eugene
Ormandy and the Philadelphia Orches-
tra presented the Shostakovich F Major
Symphony last night, rather than the usual
Saturday evening fare of Tchaicovsky. The
combination of Shostakovich's satire and
Ormandy's wit was successful, perhaps to
the point of brilliance. The solo parts in
the first movement were handled with vir-
tuoso skill, while the clarity of the ensemble
in the second movement was fresh and ex-
By virtue of the understanding of Mr.
Ormandy, the third movement, with its ro-
mantic intentions, and the fourth, based on
the juxtaposition of harsh and sonorous
sections, provided a sense of complete bal-
ance and climax to the entire symphony.
The program was given a sparkle of near-
Hollywood glamor when Miss Stevens made
her exciting appearance in a daring off the
shoulder gown. The lovely green bodice and
flaring net skirt showed off Miss Stevens'
figure to the satisfaction of the male sections
of the house. Her stage presence completely
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,D STONE FACE is at ait again. This
time he is a hard hearted postal in-
tor hot on the trail of one of the most
Ible bunch of hoods you ever laid eyes on.
eems that there was this postal inspector,
who knew too much and consequently
himself knocked off. Obviously this is a
for no ordinary cop. It calls for brains,
rage, ice water in the veins. And who is
;t qualified to fill the bill? Of course, you
ssed it the first time-Alan Ladd!
Mumbling ominously to himself, intre-
But notthese deputy badges for you all to wear