THE MCICGAN DAILY
SUNDAY,APRM 29, 1951
SN ARBOR has always been noted for
its fine cultural opportunities, as exem-
led by the coming of May Festival and
lay Festival, sponsored by the Univer-
comes at a time when students can
ily attend all concerts and still make
any time lost from studies.
3ut the Drama Season comes at a very
pportune time, from the student's point
view, because two of the five plays are
,eduled during exams.
knn Arbor owes mulch to the students, and
ends on their patronage to a great de-
e. Surely the Drama Season Committee
torials tublished in The Michigan Daily
written by members of The Daily staff
lrepresent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR : FLOYD THOMAS
could take the great student interest into
consideration when scheduling these plays.
Although the Drama Season is not intended
primarily for the students, it is too bad
that they often have to miss at least two
plays. Only those who are lucky enough
not to have a "tight" exam schedule can
possibly take time out to attend.
It would not be impossible to push the
Drama Season up to end before exams
begin, and since Ann Arbor is a student
town this seems only fair.. The commit-
tee need not fear competition from other
University functions such as May Festival,
because each play lasts approximately a
week, and so both students and those who
come from other districts to attend, could
easily arrange their schedule to include
It is to be hoped that the Drama Season
Committee will take this factor into con-
sideration when scheduling next year's pier-
MacArthur & The Pentagon
V ASHINGTON-In his first press corres-
pondence since his dimissal of General
acArthur, President Truman was cock-
reness incarnate, by turns lecturing, pat-
nizing and defying -the correspondents.
ith respect to General MacArthur-in the
es of many still a martyr and a saint--
e facts and history are both on his side,
e President contended, and he impressed
on the restive press, as he has upon all
s callers, that he entertains no doubt of
e eventual outcome.
There is no disposition at the Pentagon,
owever, to minimize the enormous com-
lication the Senate hearings into the
MacArthur case is to them. -
Gen. Omar Bradley, thairman of the
'int Chiefs of Staff, has permitted himself
suggest that the hearings could turn the
iole lot of them into a bunch of fine
-2s for Mr. Stalin. G-2 is the intelligence
ction which is already quivering over the
amber of secret documents that have been
rily discussed in the public prints.
But it is conceded by all the Defense
epartment that General MacArthur, Sena-
r Taft-who now says that the Joint
hiefs are political stooges of Mr. Truman
and the other critics must be answered,
t piecemeal but in full.
As the military sees it the Senate Com-
ittee will have two separate questions to
.nsider: the relief of General MacArthur,
id U.S. policy in the far east-is it right'
wrong. Their own effort will be to keep
.e two questions as far apart as possible;
ey are not too optimistic over the prospect
pecially as they do not know how much
operation to expect from the General.
It is increasingly apparent that any non-
artisan atmosphere around the hearings
ill have to be of General MacArthur's own
eation. A bloc in the House Appropria-
tions committee is planning a foray aimed
at denying funds for payment of the salary
of Secretary of State Acheson which would
enable them to put him forward again as a
scauegoat. It is politically much safer to
keep Acheson in the picture as the foil of
Senator Taft's attack on the Joint
Chiefs represents an attempt to minimize
them as a purely military group whose
function it is to advise the government and
execute policy then determined upon by
their civilian superiors.
This maneuver has been bitterly received
at the Pentagon where the Joint Chiefs
enjoy a status that is more than a tribute
to the inportance and prestige of their
jobs. General Bradley is the soldier's sol-
dier, more highly regarded in some ways by
the rank and file than his World War II
superior, General Eisenhower. The Navy is
certain that Admiral Sherman, Chief of
Naval Pperations, is their finest; the army
feels a similar confidence in the character
and experience of General Collins. General
Vandenberg is admittedly ranking in the
The Administration exudes confidence
that the J.C.S. will support their position.
The J.C.S., in a situation unprecedented
for the military, reluctantly agree that
they are probably going to be forced to
make their stand plain though they won't
talk about what it is.
An experienced former Senator doesn't
share all the apprehension in military cir-
cles, He sees America, as one vast sieve any-
way and talkative Americans as almost in-
capable of keeping the country's secrets.
As a practical politician, he sees no alterna-
tive to complete disclosure of the whole
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
MATTER OF FACT.
By JOSEPH ALSOP
ANAACmn from Tehran to Ankara
is lie emerging from a dark cave into
bright light. True, the spring on the Iran-
ian and Anatolian plateaux has the same
beauty of clear air and flowers and young
green. The setting is not so enormously
different. But where in Tehran the themes
of the drama are decay and dissolution, the
theme here is the proud regeneration of an
It wouldbe pleasant to be able to re-
port the same striking difference between
American policy in Iran, where y we are
now paying the price of a long series of
follies and failures, and American policy
in Turkey. Certainly great things in-
valuable things, have been achieved ind
Turkey by the American aid program.
The Turkish economy has been protected
from the strain of the heavy military burden
imposed by perpetual Soviet menaces. The
formerly primitive Turkish Army has been
transformed into a powerful fighting force
of twenty-five divisions. A strong bastion
has been built up in this vital corner of the
Mediterranean. Without the combination
of the aid program and Turkish vigor, none
of this would have been possible, and the
strategic map of the world would no doubt
already have been revolutionized by the
success of the Kremlin's designs here.
Yet the unpleasant fact remains. The
same paralysis of American poly that has
played such a large role in the Iranian
tragedy also appears here in Turkey. And
this is causing us to let drop, feebly and
flaccidly, all the good Turkish effort.
THIS IS BECAUSE the problem of Turykey's
relationship to the Atlantic pact has not
been squarely faced in Washington. This
shirking in Washington is understandable.
It is partly caused by the State Depart-
ment's fear of Congress and partly by the
almost equal reluctance to thresh out great
issues with our West European allies. Un-
fortunately the price of this shirking is
likely to be the loss of one of the best
strategic bargains any country has ever
The bargain was first offered at the
time of the formation of the Atlantic pact
structure, when the Turkish government
cformally asked to be included. On mane
occasions thereafter, the offer was ur
gently renewed, until last Fall when the
Atlantic pact Foreign Ministers cooly told
the Turks they would have to wait a long
time to join the club. In January, there-
fore, the Turkish government proposed
three substitutes to Washington: either
a Turkish-American alliance, or American
adherence to the existing Anglo-Franco
Turkish alliance, or the formation of a
Mediterranean pact on the Atlantic pat-
tern, Including the United States.
No wider choice of alternatives has ever
been presented to any government. What
the Turks really want, as any one will tell
you from the man in the street to the burly
Chief of Staff, Gen. Yamut, and the astute
Prime Minister Menderis, is a clear Ameri-
can guaranty of help if they are attacked.
The form does not matter to them.
But the advantages of such an alliance
are far from being all on the Turkish side.
In the first place, the most important Amer-
ican strategic air bases are in the Eastern
Mediterranean. An attack on Turkey would
thus constitute an indirect attack on those
bases. Hence if we do not wish to suffer
passively a gigantic strategic defeat, we
shall have to fight in any case if Turkey is
In the second place, besides occupying
a position that protects our most valuable
air bases, Turkey is in the precise region,
near Yugoslavia, where we may someday
most need an~ ally.
In the third place, since they are far
better armed than the Yugoslav forces, the
twenty-five Turkish divisions today consti-
tute by far the strongest army on the
European horizon this side of the iron
curtain. In this connection it is worth
noting that the famous and heroic Turkish
brigade in Korea is regarded as only typical
by our people here.
* * * *
IN THESE circumstances, you would have
supposed that any policy makers in their
senses would have jumped at the chance of
an outright, unqualified alliance with Tur-
key. Furthermore, Turkey can also con-
tribute the additional air bases in her own
territory for staging both heavy bombers
and protecting fighters, which Air Secretary
Finletter recently came here to seek. Con-
trary to excitable previous reports, these air-
fields are not now being prepared. But the
Turks are perfectly ready to make them
available if only the alliance with America
At this very moment of writing, however,
all these huge prizes are in serious danger
of being lost to us. The Ambassadors'
Conference, which has just been held here,
signalizes one final Turkish effort to get
an answer to the question of Turkish se-
curity. As to the Turkish reaction if the
question continues to be answered nega-
tively, one wise Turkish official has re-
marked, "The Turkish government is too
experienced and hard-headed to think
about 'neutralism'." Yet the cool reception
of the repeated Turkish offers has natur-
-lir+ hftan uinhannv imuression in Ankara.
The Week's News
. . . IN RETROSPECT . .
"I say, old bean, is not this ballot a bit on the shaggy side?"
LUNCH-DRUNK campus politicos roiled up their sleeves and pre-
pared to do battle over widespread procedural violations in last
week's all-campus election.
Members of Joint Judiciary in their election night watchdog role
threw out more than 1,000 ballots as invalid In the race for Union
vice-presidential posts. Judiciary president John Ryder assailed the
Student Legislature's Citizenship Committee, which allegedly failed
to administrate proper punching of the ballots. The move Incurred
the wrath of perennial Student Legislator Tom Walsh, who charged
lack of jnrisdiction
Next day, with the smoky romance cleared from the Union ball-
room, new charges of incompetence rang in the ears of worried legis-
lators. Volunteer election workers reported they had permitted stu-
dents to vote out-of-class for class officers owing to ambiguous instruc-
Regardless of the quality of the electees, it was clear that some-
body on the election committee had fumbled the ball and a thorough
investigation was in order.
NEW DEANS-Two new faces were destined for prominent campus
appearances next year as the Boardo Rgentspase onte rnere
ment of Dean Ivan C. Crawford of the engineering colge adDn
Samuel T. Dana of the natural resources school.
New head of the engineering college will be Prof. George G-
Brown, chairman of the chemical and metallurgical engineering de-
partment, and a University faculty member since 1920. The forestry
deanship went to Stanley G. Fontanna, deputy director of the Michi-
gan Department of Conservation. , ,
TOWN MEETING-Gov. G. Mennen Williams, Prof. Lensis Likert,
dircto oftheUniesty's Institute of Social Research, and atomic
scientist Ralph Lapp spoke here on the nationally aired deat "Ton
Meeting of the Air." Subject: '"Are We Afraid of the Atomic Bomb."
They all agreed-
PSI U COMEBACK-It was a big week for Psi Upsilon fraternity.
The University halved a $2,000 drinking fine imposed on the group
last semester. And former Psi U social chairman Jack Smart was
elected president of the Inter-Fraternity Council.
* '' * *
To the Editor:
"THE TumULT and the shout-
ing dies; the captains and the
kings depart. r
Now that all the ticker-tape and
confetti has been swept from the
streets of our nation, and America
is settling back to normal once
again, perhaps we can take one
more look at the.. case. of "the old
Whether or not we like Douglas
MacArthur as a person or General
matters not the least in this case.
Those who argue that this man is
a military genius may well be cor-
rect. That history will gratefully
acknowledge all that this man has
done for his nation I will not deny.
The fact still remains that
Douglas M4acArthur disobeyed his
commander-in-chief, and by so
doing could very well have plung-
ed his country into a world conflict
which might mean the destruction
of the whole human race.
I do not believe that General
MacArthur is a warmonger, any
more than you or I, but, if we
manage to see the day when war-
f are is abolished as a means of
settling disputes among the na-
tions of the earth, we may yet
owe our thanks-not to "the con-
quering hero of the Phillipines"
-but to a little man from Mis-
souri who, although he may not
be regarded as a prince among
men, will always be regarded as
a man who truly desired .peace,
and who worked for it sincerely to
"Judge of the Nations, spare
us yet, Lest, we forget-lest we
fAorts of some politicians to make
litical capital by the continued
xploitation of human misery for
he express purpose of gaining
President ofthe University of
Michigan Young Republicans
o the Editor:
)zN BEHALF of the Student Leg-
islature Citizenship Commit
tee and the entire SL, I want to
stank the more than 500 persons
iho volunteered to man voting
ooths in the all-campus elections
Tuesday and Wednesday.
I would also like to thank those
Cho served as ballot-counters on
r -Alice J. Spero
Outrage in Pracgue
The arrest. by the Czechoslovak
government of William Oatis
chief of the Associated Press Bu-
reau in Prague, is an outrageou
act. Since the Communists seized
Czechoslovakia in 1948, more than
a. dozen Western newspaper men
have been expelled, reducing the
press corps to a few men. But.
none of them, until now was Ar-
ested, and the fact that Mr. Otis
ds in prison underlies the serious-
ness of the situation.
The charges against him con
stitute the usual Communist fab-
rications; they would be laughable
if it were not for the fact that the
C~zech Reds are as vicious as any
)ther kind. Mr. Oatis is accused
of "activities hostile to the state,"
and dissemination of "secret in-
formation," and using Czech citi
zens to spread "malicious informa-
on throughillegal news organs."
It is conceivable that the Red
hiave nothing more frightful in
store for this able and conscien-
tious reporter than expulsion. But
the equipment and 'trappings of
another trumped-up trial are ever
present. Our Embassy in Prague"
has lost no time In registering the
mnost urgent complaints with then
Czech government. The. Associ-
ated Press also. is endeavoring td~
obtain Mr. Oatis' release. Their
efforts must. be successful. This
country cannot afford to let for-
eign 'governments manhandle its
citizens, particularly when they-
are engaged in an occupation
deemed necessary and honorable'
by the civilized world.--New York
tetter6 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelo'us letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
- 0 .
The Politician's Lot
IT IS QUITE a new thing in America--
this internal political battle waged with
foreign targets and foreign banners. Yet it
concerns the freedom and the well-being of
the American people just as much, to say
the very least, as the old political battles
about the Cross of Gold or States' Rights.
Until recently-until the beginning of
this era of no war, no peace-American
politics was insulated against the politics
of other democratic countries. Shame-
lessly pragmatic in tackling the very con-
crete problems of electioneering, getting
out ,the vote, dividing the spoils, and re-
warding loyalty, our party system re-
mained stubbornly untheoretical and self-
sufficient. It worked amazingly well in
dealing with American problems, estab-
lishing compromises among conflicting
regional or occupational interests, for the
exclusive concern of the American people.
Now since we are in a coalition and we
know that we cannot survive alone, the
FIVE YEARS AGO
M ICHIGAN'S "Grand Old Man," Fielding
"Hurry Up" Yost, since deceased men-
tor of the early point-a-minute Wolverine
elevens, observed a quiet seventy-fifth birth-
day at his Ann Arbor home not far from
the site where he gained football immor-
* * *
TEN YEARS AGO
THE DAILY gained the highest rank among
college newspapers by winning the All-
American Pacemaker award for the seventh,
FIFTEEN YEARS AGO
EGYPT'S KING FAUD I lay abed insisting,
"I am not going to die." He was wrong
and sixteen-year-old Prince Farouk returned
frnm htidietsn in England tn hean d shakv
freedom and welfare of foreign countries
have become just as vital to the people of
America as wage stabilization and price
control. American politics has become so
intermeshed with the politics of other coun-
tries that the favorite targets of our anti-
liberals are the democratic countries of
Europe, and a return to the McKinley era
seems to be guaranteed if oply Chiang Kai-
Shek is helped to reconquer China. Actu-
ally, the foreign preferences of the Ameri-
cap politician give a clue to the aims of his
The great question of our time is wheth-
er America will foster throughout the
world its own urge for self-determination
and self-improvement, or whether Ameri-
ca will gradually be reduced to the level of
a world where freedom has utterly disap-
peared from large countries and is threat-
ened in many others. The day is certain-
ly coming when these alternatives must
- be clearly presented to the American elec-
This basic question and many related ones
make life miserable for American Congress-
men. They are on the spot; they have to
make decisions for which they have little
preparation or precedent. The ceremonial of
American politics seems to be so archaic
and immutable; its radically changed sub-
stance compels Congress to face the un-
known every day. Congressmen must re-
member that something like a television
machine is in front of them all the time and
that a malevolent world-wide power is con-
stantly tinkering with the receiving sets in
faraway countries, trying to make Ameri-
can leaders look absurd and beastly. To
make the situation tougher, Congressmen
cannot lose touch with the folks back home,
for these people, and not the foster con-
stituents abroad, are the ones who deliver
Reductio Ad Absurdum
The only suitable answer to Mr. Gromyko's
tirades is an American general's famous re-
nuv +n the Pnemv in the late war: "Nuts!" At
Around the World . .
REDS ATTACK-The long-awaited Communist spring offensiveI
in Korea swung into action last week, as the initial Red blows sent
the Allies reeling back across the 38th parallel.
The dull roar of artillery resounded again near ruined Seoul, as
the Chinese hordes, estimated to be up to a half-million strong, pressed
forward despite heavy losses. However, the main UN defense lines had
not been cracked-no decision had been reached in the battlefield.
Hope was held out that if this offensive were smashed with great Red
casualties, as Lt. Gen. Van Fleet and other military leaders promised
it would, Peiping might be ready to talk peace.
* * * .*
CABINET CRISES-A wave of cabinet crises swept Europe and
the Near East, as the pressure of international uncertainty brought
many governments near the cracking point.
In Britain, the Labor Party was able, after some uneasy moments,
to squelch a revolt by its left-wing members. Led by Aneurin Bevan,
who resigned his cabinet post Monday, the leftists claimed that the
government was "betraying socialism" by scrapping some of its
welfare program in favor of more guns.
However, a party caucus Tuesday brought the rebels into line, and
Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison reaffirmed Britain's determination
to rearm even if its meant a cut in the living standard.
Premier Henri Queille squeeked through another week of crises in
France. The explosive issue of changing election' procedure, which
brought about the fall of Pleven's cabinet, almost proved Queille's
undoing as well.
The National Assembly turned thumbs down on the government
bill Thursday, whereupon Queille attempted to resign. However, Presi-
dent Vincent Auriol refused to accept his resignation-so Queille re-
tained his shaky grip on the reins of French government.
In Iran, ailing Premier Hussein Ala stepped down Friday in a
surprise move. The resignation of the moderate, pro-Western leader
intensified the internal crisis over the expulsion of British oil interests
left the country in a ferment which could at any moment explode into
World War III.
* * * *
National . .
MACARTHUR MANIA-The hysteria aroused last week by Gen.
Douglas, MacArthur's triumphant return subsided somewhat over the
nation, but swelled to a virulent fever pitch in Chicago Thursday, as
four and a half million turned out to welcome the Pacific Caesar.
While the furor over the Hero himself died down, the "Great
Debate" on Far Eastern policy precipitated by his dismissal gained
momentum, with the GOP attacking all along the front. Republican
blasts ranged from the sublime to the ridiculous, from Sen. Taft's sol-
emn castigation of Administration Pacific strategy to such pro-
nouncements as "It's disloyal to disagree with Genf. MacArthur,"
(Sen. Joe McCarthy), and "We heard God speak here, God in the
flesh, the voice of God" (Rep. Dewey Short-R.Mo.).
MOODY APPOINTED-Blair Moody; veteran Detroit News Wash-
ington correspondent, was named Monday by Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams to finish the late Sen. Arthur Vandenberg's unexpired term.
To the Editor:
T'S UNFORTUNATE that two
important student groups such
as the Student Legislature andJ
The Daily should be working at;
All last week I have been won-
dering when The Daily would be-
gin its coverage of the studentI
government election of Tuesday
and Wednesday. Aside from theI
usual scant accounts of the two'
SL meetings, all the campus heard
from The Daily until Sunday was?
found in two back page stories-
one which alleged there were no
issues in the campaign and one
about additional voting booths.
But Saturday all was explained.
I was reliably told that the reason
for the censorship of election news
was because The Daily Editors had
decided that inr the past campus
elections had been given too much
publicity, and that henceforth The
Daily would be more judicious in
allocating election newspace, i.e.
they would restrict publicity on
the elections - despite the fact
that a new student government
constitution was up for ratifica-
tion, a campus referendum was
going to be held, and that the
Legislature *vas faced with the
usual number of policy problems.
By the time this letter is print-
ed election will be underway. I
,dislike "sour grapes" as much as
afiyone. But if the above situa-
tion is true, then I feel that the
students are entitled to an ex-
planation as to why their news-
paper felt it should:limit the in-
formation they should have about
thei' student government in or-
der to cast an intelligent vote.
-Bob Baker, 52BAd.
FEPC Bill . .
To the Editor:
THE MICHIGAN State House of
Representatives is now consid-
ering a F.E.P.C. bill and I feel
that it is important enough to set
forward the considered views of
the Young Republicans on this
subject. The following resolution
was introduced by myself and
adopted by a meeting of the Cam-
pus Young Republicans held on
Tuesday of this week.
Be it hereby resolved that we,
the University of Michigan Young
Republican Club, do encourage
and demand the immediate pas-
sage of House Bill 318, or as more
popularly known the Crampton
Fair Employment Practices Com-
It is the sense of our member-
ship that we must afford economic
democracy for our minority groups
and that the only way to gain a
greater degree of social justice for
them is thru concerted social ac-
tion. It is the feeling of this
group that state F.E.P.C. legisla-
tion is an integral part of this
We do summarily condemn the
f fffior4igau tt1
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Jim Brown ........Managing Editor
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Janet Watts ...........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan ......... .Associate Editor
James Gregory ........Associate Editor
Bill Connolly.............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell ....Associate Sports Editor
Bil Brenton ....Associate Sports Editor
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Pat Brownson'Associate Women's Editor
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Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
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Hennessy, are you insatiable?
You'r in everv huinaefrom
You know those critters, pardner.
They sell you while vou're hot-
Why can't he be my Fairy Godfather?