Yl r e
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
FAIR AND WARMER
VOL. LXI, No. 141
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 27, 1951
Nine Hour Count
Ends SL Election
Officials Forced To Use 34 Ballots
Before Selecting Final Candidate
It took 34 ballots and nine and a half hours, but weary Student
Legislature election officials were able to head for home at 4:30 a.m.
.yesterday knowing that the long count had been satisfactorily com-
Howard Willens, '53, was the last of 21 candidates to slip into
the SL, going in after the Hare System quota had been lowered to
268. It began at 275, and started dropping at about 3:30 a.m., as
the number of exhausted ballots grew. -.
QN THE WHOLE, the SL election was viewed as an uneventful
one by veteran Legislators. Actual counting for the' SL got off to
a slow start, the first ballot not being called out until nearly 10:30
* * * Tp.m. Tabulation for most of the
'SL Hit for
Charges of voting irregulari-
ties filled the air yesterday in the
wake of one of the most contro-
SAersial campus elections in re-
With more than 1,000 ballots
invalidated in a single contest,
accusations against the Student
Legislature Citizenship Committee
for election misnianagement were
widespread. SL officials exoner-
ated student voters from blame
'for the ballotting mishaps and
raised little protest against the
BIGGEST ISSUE was the de-
^cision of the Joint Judiciary Wed-
nesday night declaring void more
than 1,000 ballots in the Union
vice-presidential race. The Judi-
ciary based its move on an SL
,policy which required that election
personnel punch the Union ballots
to the left of the schools in which
,the voters placed their marks.
Objecting to the decision on
the grounds that the dispute
was not within the Judiciary's
Jurisdiction, Tom Walsh, '51L,
longtime Student Legislator, will
introduce a motion at the SL
meeting Monday night calling
for a recount of the void ballots.
Walsh charged yesterday that
the huge invalidation was unjust
to the large number of voters dis-
enfranchised by the move. "The
punching procedure was an SL
policy mutter which was not or-
iginally stated in the instructions
to those who manned polling
booths and calls for an SL deci-
sion," he said.
sio, * * *
HOWEVER, John Ryder, '53L,
Judiciary president, stated that
the Judiciary was "merely carry-
ing out its function of enforcing'
the same policy followed in all
elections. The specific policy on
Union ballots is standard and only'
because of the extensive violations'
of it by election personnel is our
maintenance of it under attack,"'
Discovery of the violations was
made Tuesday morning by Merl
Townley, '52M, Judiciary mem-
ber, who immediately reported
it to election headquarters.
Shortly afterward, orders were
sent out to the election booths to
follow the punching procedure,
according to, SL spokesmen.
Nevertheless, election personnel
reported ' widespread confusion
concerning the procedure and said
they received contradictory orders
throughout the two-day voting.
' Among other charges leveled at
the Citizenship Committee were:
1) Using J-Hop ballots missing
one candidate's name for at least
one hour Tuesday morning.
2) Permitting students not in
the literary college senior class
to vote for officers in the class.
3) Allowing students to vote for
engineering class officers not in
their class owing to ambiguous in-
structions to the voters on (the
4) Misspelling one name and
misplacing another on SL ballots.
To Open Tonight
"Mr. Bolfrey," by James Bridie,
fifth play in the Arts Theatre
.aii c-nin cnan wil nnean for
other offices and referendum is-
sues had been completed and to-
tals announced by that time.
It was not until the 20th bal-
lot that Swede Lauritsen, '52,
followed the two fast starters,
Len Wilcox, '52, and Doug Cut-
ler, '52, over the hump into the
Legislature. Wilcox and Cutler
each made it on the first ballot,
with 278 and 280 first place
Pete Hall, '53, picked up a large
increment when Pete Johnston,
'53, dropped on the next count,
The following are the newly
elected members of 'the Student
Legislature. They are listed in
the order of their election:
Doug Cutler, '52
Leonard Wilcox, '52
Swede Lauritsen, '52
Peter Hall, '53
Richard Demmer, '53
Olaf Haroldson, '52}
David Guttentag, '53
Leah Marks, '52
Phyllis Kaufman, '53
Jules Perlberg, '52BAd.
Gerald Abramow, '52
Robert Neary, '54
Robin Glover, '53
Edwin Kerr, '53
Sondra Diamond, '53
Judy Gallup, '52
Sue Popkin, '54
Dot Wendler, '52
Jean Belle Jones, '53
Diana Lahde, '52
Howard Willens, '53
to go in with, a surplus on the' 21st
ballot, From then on until 4:30
a.m., a few candidates went in on
About 150 volunteer workers
helped with the complicated job
of tabulation, according to Alice
Spero, '53, who managed the
The independent-affiliate split
went in favor of the affiliates as
far as the Legislature was con-
cerned, with 13 affiliates to eight
independents being voted in. How-
ever, two independents slipped in-
to the usually affiliate stronghold,
the nine-member J-Hop Commit-
Judge To Speak
Judge John J. Parker, senior
judge of the United States Circuit
Court of Appeals, will speak at 6
p.m. today in the Lawyers' Club
as a part of the 23rd annual
Founder's Day program.
Parker's address, "Defense of
Freedom," will deal with the ob-
ligations of lawyers in the interna-
(Editor's Note: This is the first in a series of interpretive articles on
the financial aspects of University, dormitory housing.)
By BOB KEITH
Are University dormitory residents getting their money's worth
in food and other accomodations?I
With the announcement this week of a substantial boost in next
year's board and room rates, this time-worn question has perhaps be-
come more pertinent than ever before.
*' * * *
THE NEW RATES were revealed at a time of growing concern on
the part of many students over the quality of food and services that
their money brings them. The problem has not, however, centered
chiefly on the 'rates themselves. The real issue has arisen over the
way in which the money is used.
Millions of student dollars are, over a period of years, being
diverted toward a gigantic dormitory construction program. Most
of the 5,006 dormitory residents on campus each contribute ap-
proximately $120 annually, or more than one-fifth of their total
dorm bill, to this program.
The question raised by many students deals with whether this
sum is too heavy a load for them to bear for construction itself. More
specifically, many are, wondering whether a larger share of the money
could be used instead for better food and other accomodations.
IN AN ATTEMPT to bring out some of the aspects of the problem,
The Daily has consulted with several University administrators, in-
cluding Services Enterprises manager Francis C. Shiel and University
vice-president Wilbur K. Pierpont. Information from them forms,
much of the basis for these articles.
At the heart of the situation, of course, is the University's
vast, multi-million dollar dorm building program and the method
used to finance it.
The major part of the building program was inaugurated more
than a decade ago with a direct grant from the United States Govern-
ment. This money, made available as part of the WPA "make-work"
program, was enough to cover 45 per cent of the cost of building West
Quad, Stockwell Hall, East Quad and Vaughn House.
SINCE THEN, however, no government funds have been avail-
able, and a complex system of bond issues has been brought into use.
This University was one of the first to make use of the system, and
it has since spread to educational institutions through the nation.
Here is how it works:
Whenever new dorm construction is planned, money is ini-
tially raised by selling bonds to banks, insurance companies and
private individuals. Then, over a certain period of years, the
bonds areapaid off out of current operating revenues, or, in other
words, oyt of the fees charged student residents.
,Generally, residence halls* bonds are contracted for a 20 or 30 a
* * * *-
AT THE PRESENT time the University is in the midst of the re-j
tirement period for a number of bonds,' and money is still owed on
every large residence hall on campus.
All existing bond obligations will be met by 1980. After that 1
date dormitory residents will be living in quarters that have beenI
completely financed out of the pocketbooks of previous dwellers.
Such a fiscal setup perhaps places a disproportionate burden on
students who happen to live in the dorms before they are paid for,
Yet University officials see no alternative.
ONESOLTIN mgh * * *
ONE SOLUTION might be appropriations from the State of Michi-
(See 'U' OFFICIALS, Page 2)
READY; LOAD-Sgt. 1st Class Charles Siegfried explains breach of a 105 millimeter Howitzer
cannon to Eugene Woodruff, '54. The field piece is part of Army's di.play in connection with engi-
neering college's open house today and tomorrow.
* 4 4 4 4 * * *
Engineers Open Doors Today
<, _ __
The southeast corner of campus will be decked out in banners and
will bustle today when the engi-
neering college's open house be-
gins its two-day stand.
East and West Engineering
Buildings, neighboring parking
lots and Randall physics laboratory
By The Associated Press
bunting for commercial and exper-
imental exhibits. The Reserve Of-
ficer Training Corps Rifle Range
Building and North Hall will be
the scene of Army and Navy dis-
BEGINNING AT 9 a.m. Univer-
sity and high school students and
faculty as well as the public will
stream to the college to be shown
marvels of modern engineering.
Today's open house will end
WASHINGTON-President Tru- - --
man urged Congress yesterday to!
"hold the line" in t: e cost of liv- Panel Relates
Haber Cites Importance
Of Students to Nation'
Schools and colleges are as im-
portant to the nation's defense as
the armed forces, Prof. William
Haber of the economics depart-
ment declared yesterday.
Speaking before a joint meeting
of the Teachers' Education Con-
ference and the Conference on
Problems in Secondary Education,
Prof. Haber called for a revision of
the public attitude toward educa-
Hometown Sin Denied
By Grand Rapids Students
THE PEOPLE MUST get it into
their heads, he said, that men
studying medicine, physics oi any
other field are serving their coun-
try as much as those who work
in factories, on the farms or in
the armed forces.
"This country has no possibil-
ity of matching the Communist
nations in terms of raw man-
power," he added. "Our only
hope is to have superior man-
power-supeiOr in terms of
While upholding the present col-
lege deferment plan, Prof. Haber
criticized the way it was handled
in releasing it to the public.
S 4 4
TWO VERY important points
should have been made clear to
the people, he declared.
First, that the college men
are not now urgently needed by
the armed forces which are al-
ready nearing their goal of three
and a half million men.
Second, that the students would
actually not be deferred, but rather
would have their induction post-
poned until they completed their
PnItAT. nl 11r--a 4fal
ing battle, to provide "fair ceilings
on prices, including the prices of
farm products, and on rents."
He called too for increased tax-
es, increased personal savings
tighter controls over credit and
materials and the leveling off of,
wages and salaries at "fair" fig-
TEHRAN, Iran-A special par-
liamentary oil commission voted
last night to ask Parliament to
set up a 12-man Iranian Gov-
ernment Board to take immedi-
ate control of the huge British-
owned Anglo-Iranian Oil Com-
WASHINGTON-W. Stuart Sy-
mington, government administra-
tor, convinced the Senate Banking
Committee yesterday that he's the
man to take over the oft-criticized
Reconstruction Finance Corpora-
WASHINGTON - The House
voted an extra $6,468,206,000 for
defense yesterday without ques-
tioning a single dollar of it.
* * *
TOKYO-Maj. Gen. C. A. Wil-
loughby, Chief of Intelligence on
General MacArthur's staff, said
today he had asked for retirement
and would return to the United
States late in May to join the
A panel discussion on "Educa-
tion for Peace" last night opened
and closed on the same thought
voiced by different faculty mem-
"We shall have peace only when
peace is willed in the minds and
hearts of men." These words spok-
en by the panel's moderator, lit-
erary college Dean Hayward Ken-
iston, closed a UNESCO-Union
sponsored meeting opened by panel
member Prof. Kenneth Boulding of
the economics department, who
stated, "Peace is found in the
minds of people."
* * *
PROF. SAMUEL Eldersveld, of
the political science department,
sought to pin down the causes for
war more specifically.
"We haven't developed a con-
cept of loyalty to international
organization and that is what we
needs" he said.
But those students who attempt
to assert such a loyalty, one woman
replied, "end up in jail." To this
Prof. Boulding retorted that he
had a close friend in jail for that
at 9 p.m. and tomorrow's affair
will run from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
The displays show a dominant
military, tone with a General Pat-
ton tank, three Navy war ship
models and three kinds of jet air-
plane engines. Also the American
Ordnance Association, an organiz-
ation advocating war preparedness,
will have a mammoth outdoor dis-
HOME BREWERS-past or po-
tential-will be fascinated by the
chemical engineering department's
all-glass still, which will be demon-
strated separating alcohol from
Commercial shows will include
radios, television and automobile
Also open to the public view will
be the University's atom smashers,
the syncrotron and the cyclotron,
housed in the Randall building.
Will Be Made
The Board of Governors of Re-
sidence Halls yesterday put its
stamp of approval on the conduc-
tion of a survey of dormitory resi-
dents on dorm living conditions.
The survey will consist of a
questionnaire to be formulated by
a six-member student committee
and circulated among men and
women in the dorms. Results will
be conveyed to the Governors for
discussion and appropriate action,
according to Carl Hasselwdnder,
'51, student representative on the
A rough draft of the question-
naire has already been drawn up
by the committee, which is headed
by Dave Guttentag, '53E. The fin-
ished copy should be ready for
distribution in two weeks.
Questions on the temporary
draft pertain to food, service, fa-
cilities and staff in the residence
halls. A possible query on room
and board rates is also being con-
sidered by the committee.
Miles of City
Van Fleet Says
'Allies Will Ho'
TOKYO - (A) - Red troop
swarmed down to within 11 miles
of rubbled Seoul last night, hitting
Allied forces on the outskirts of
But despite the assault on Ui-
jongbu, defense outpost for Seoul.
the United Nations field com
mander predicted the Reds would
be stopped north of the Han River.
The statement came from Lt.
Gen. James A. Van Fleet on _a
surprise visit to the rolling front
HIS REFERENCE to north of
the Han apparently meant the
Allies hoped to save Seoipl from
falling into Red hands for the
third time in just over 10 months
United Nations forces still
held Uijongbu and were putting
up a strong fight. Uijongbu-
controls the main invasion road
On the central-eastern front
Allied forces Beat back four night
THE WESTERN pressure by the
enemy was intense. The U. S.
Eighth Army communique said
five Red divisions were pounding
Yet the United Nations with-
drawals remained orderly. The
roads behind the withdrawing
Allies were littered with the
corpses of Communist dead.
Official estimates of Red troops
slain in the first four days of the
Red spring drive totalled 22,000
* * *
THE ALLIED defense line north
of the Han has not yet been es-
tablished, Van Fleet said, and
Allied withdrawals continued.
The line yielded, byplan, un-
der pressure from a Chinese
army of nearly a half million
men surging forward in the west
without armor at a tremendous
cost in killed and wounded.
The Reds pressed southward on
Uijongbu. Yesterday they took
Munsan, 21 miles north and west
* * *
GENERAL Van Fleet dropped in
unannounced at a UN Division
Command Post early today.h'
After being briefed with the di-
vision commander he met war cor-
respondents. One asked if he be-
lieved his Eighth Army could stop
the Chinese and hold north of the
Han. He replied quickly: "I do'"
lions gave their hearts, their cheers
and a thunderous "Hi, Mac" yes-
terday to a self-styled "old soldier"
who thought himself fading away,
Gen. MacArthur arrived in the
Windy City amid the biggest and
noisiest welcome in the history
of Chicago and the Midwest.
LATER IN THE evening, Gen.
MacArthur declared in a speech
that "the advent of the war with
Red China" has resulted in "a
policy vacuum heretofore unknown
The deposed commander of
the Pacific forces asserted in a
ringing address that climaxed a
tumultous welcome fori him in
"None of these (persons) will
tell you in the traditionally ringing
tones of the American Patriot that
our objective in Korea is victory
over the nation and men who.with-
out provocation or justification
have warred against us.7
* * *
FETE 702 STUDENTS:
Tead To Address Honor Convocation
University students from Grand
Rapids yesterday defended the
name of their home town after a
State legislature representative
charged that "organized prostitu-
tion and gambling make it one of
the most wide open cities in the
Asking for the creation of a
"little Kefauver committee" to in-
vestigate crime in Michigan, Rep.
merce Street isn't that long,"
Paul Goebel, Jr., '55, son of the
Grand Rapids mayor, was quick
to defend the present city admin-
istration. "I'm sure Faulkner is
wrong about the figures he lists.
And since November the city has
been making a concentrated drive
to reduce gambling," he said.
TO FRnPik par '.m51. mmber
Prof. Ordway Tead, chairman
of the Board of Higher Education
of New York City, is slated to ad-
dress the annual Undergraduate
Honors Convocation at 11 a.m. to-
day in Hill Auditorium.
Prof. Tead who is author of sev-
eral books and articles on college
education and teaching and an
Ami+fr ofRx n'rnr a lnth ar ,wi ll
dents have not been extended of-
* * *
TODAY'S SCHEDULE calls for
a dismissal of classes at 10:45 a.m.
However, students will attend clin-
ics and seminars, except for sen-
iors who are members of these
Main finor sats will be resew-