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February 14, 1951 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1951-02-14

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1951

______________________________________________________________________ I m
I I

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i itorb te

-I

BY JIM BROWN

T HE GREAT NATIONAL debate over the
proposed sending of American troops to
help stave off a possible Russian attack on
Western Europe has brought forth chal-
lenging and searching statements on Ameri-
can foreign policy by many of the nation's
foremost leaders. And certainly no one
can question the value of an open public
discussion of an issue of such vital impor-
tance to every American citizen.
But unfortunately, healthy as these
discussions are, they have aroused in the
minds of many of the nation's most pow-
erful leaders such as Senator Taft and
Mr. Hoover a very basic and inherent
isolationist characteristic.
This dangerous isolationism has caught
fire in the minds of millions of everyday
American citizens and represents a threat
almost as sinister as the Communist armies
themselves.
WHY ISOLATIONISM
THAT ISOLATIONISM should arise dur-
ing this period of apparent internation-
alism is seemingly incongurous but is easily
explained by a glance a the past. The
American people have always been loathe
to project themselves into the affairs of
the rest of the world. They have been so
busy building their continent-building a
vast industrial complex-that they have had
neither the time nor the desire to interfere
with, or even participate in, the events on
the international scene to any great extent.
Since Washington's warning to "beware of
foreign entanglements," they have held
themselves aloof from the rest. of the world
as much as possible.
Even though forced into two world
wars, they entered reluctantly and only
under the duress of a real threat to their
own security-a threat which had been
growing for many years but which they
failed to acknowledge until it was laid on
their very doorstep.
It is no wonder, therefore, that Senator
Taft and Mr. Hoover have been able to re-
kindle a desire in millions of Americans to
close their eyes to the problems of the rest
of the world-"to make a Gibralter of the
Western Hemisphere." Y e t, ironically
enough, this desire threatens to destroy the
very freedom and civilization which the
American people wish to maintain within
their "Gibralter"
TROOPS FOR EUROPE
THE IMMEDIATE QUESTION which has
touched off the foreign policy debate
and which has reawakened the inherent
American desire for an isolated life is cen-
tered around the commitment of American
troops for the defense of Western Europe.
Mr. Taft and Mr. Hoover have proposed
that we build up powerful air and naval
forces to ward off any attack on the Western
Hemisphere and that we supplement these
forces by sending arms and other aid to
Western Europe if they show a "willingness
to fight."
Such a policy is poorly conceived, how-
ever, for two reasons.
First, it would merely be spelling out our
own doom. With the industrial empire of
Western Europe in Communist hands we
simply could not hope to preserve our free-
dom-in spite of our tremendous industrial
capacity. Many of our key sources of raw
materials would be cut off and the balance
of industrial power would sving to the Com-
munist side of the ledger.
The Western European nations cannot be
expected to defend themselves without our
assistance. While it is true that arms
shipments to Europe will provide some stim-
ulus, it takes men with a purpose and with
fortitude to man the guns. And the Western
European nations will probably not provide
these men unless they are assured that the
United States will fight at their side on the
continent.

Nor is the policy of sending American
troops only after the European nations have
built up their own armies sound-since these
nations simply will not rebuild their armies
unless they have "demonstrated assurance"
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON EMERSON

that America will fight with them. This
"demonstrated assurance" is more than tanks
and planes and paper agreements. It is com-
bat divisions of more than token strength. As
"morale is the fundamental element in this
whole situation," and with every evidence
of American support, "there will be an up-
ward thrust in morale, and ever-mounting
spiral of confidence and security" in the
European peoples.
4 :r
MORAL RESPONSIBILITY
BUT BEYOND THE selfish needs of our
own security, there is a second and
equally important reason why American
troops should be allocated for the defense
of Western Europe. As long as the United
States stands for freedom, as long as it
pretends to support all that is decent and
good in modern civilization, it must stand
ready to defend that freedom and decency
wherever it is challenged.
This does not mean, however, that we
should, or could, pretend to be the moral
and spiritual leaders of the world. The cul-
tures of the Oriental peoples and the be-
liefs and civilizations of the Middle East
have just as much claim to validy as our
own and we cannot simply declare that our
way of life is the "only way." But we must
stand ready to defend the right of any way
of life to exist in freedom if it desires, since
we are the only force in the world capable
of protecting that freedom from the totali-
tarian Communists.
We recognize the value of a 'public
discussion of the foreign policy issue and
perhaps we are even indebted to Mr. Taft
and Mr. Hoover for bringing it to a head.
But we must realize that they are prac-
tically and morally wrong and that Amer-
ican troops, as well as American arms
must be sent to Western Europe.
As General Eisenhower put it, "we cannot
delay, nationally or individually, while we
suspiciously scrutinize the sacrifices made
by our neighbor, and through a weasling
logic seek to someway to avoid our own
duties."

A TrtsTheatre
Club
AN EXCITING ADVENTURE in theatre-
going awaits local audiences with the
start of the Arts' Theater Club.
Undertaken by a group of former Uni-
versity students, this new venture will
provide Ann Arbor with a permanent
theatre--a project long favored by many
people here. Ann Arbor has for many
years been considered one of the finest
drama centers in the country, and the
success of the annual Drama Season gives
proof of local interest in drama which
should lead to the success of a year-round
theatre here.
By setting up the new theatre as a club,
the group hopes to instill what they call the
"theatre habit" among its patrons, to make
theatre-going as frequent and natural as
movie-going has bec6me. At the same time,
the Club will encourage discussions of their
offerings, and presentations of plays not
often seen in this area.
In this line, they have come up with a
program as interesting as it is varied. Be-
ginning February 20th and running through
to the middle of May, they will present
works by Ibsen, Philip Barry, and Jean-Paul
Sartre, as well as a restoration comedy and
other translations of modern French drama:
Organizing as a club means that the
audience can be almost as much a part of
the production as the actors are. With a
schedule calling for a new play every two
weeks, rehearsals will. be frequently in prog-j
ress, and club members will be able to at-
tend these, and can also work with the pro-
duction staffs.
In addition, it is hoped that eventually
the club can expand to include a drama,
school, a restaurant and lounge, and pro-
vide a functioning drama center.
It is an ambitious undertaking, but if the
enthusiasm of the club's founders carries
over to high-quality productions, the group
should be a pleasant and valuable addition
to this community and one which deserves
support.
-Roma Lipsky

"Briefly, You're A Warmonger And An Appeaser"

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DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

* Zft1' ,j.44.e, J

MAT'fER F PAC_
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP

WASHINGTON -- The crisis in Asia is
clearly approaching another turning
point, as important as the Chinese interven-
tion in Korea although perhaps less abrupt.
For a second time, the Kremlin's Korean
plans have badly miscarried. Instead of
driving the United Nations Army from the
peninsula, the Chinese offensive has been
halted. And besides suffering the ravages
of cold and disease, China's best armies are
now reportedly losing the equivalent of a
division a day to General Ridgeway's ag-
gressive task forces.
In these circumstances, it is natural
that Mao Tse-Tung should have hurried
to Moscow to discuss the altered outlook
with the Kremlin. The news of Mao's
Moscow journey, first printed in this
space, has not been positively confirmed;
but it is now officially accepted that the
Chinese and Russian leaders have held
an important meeting somewhere during
the past fortnight.
Unfortunately, the American policymak-
ers are in the tantalizing position of being
pretty sure that this meeting has taken
place, without knowing what decisions were
reached. Events alone will tell the tale.
Meanwhile, it is interesting to review the
various signs and portents which seem to
have a bearing on the shape of things to
come.
ONE OF THE most striking of these por-
tents is an analysis of recent develop-
ments in China by experienced French
military observers there, the gist of which
became known here during the visit of Pre-
mier Rene Pleven. These men, just expelled
from their posts in the Chinese interior,
agreed on two vital major points.
First, the great Chinese Communist pro-
gram of industrialization and internal re-
construction has now been utterly aban-
doned. All energies are concentrated on
military preparation, to the extent that the
30,000 most promising youngsters have been
taken out of the colleges and technical

schools, to be trained as officers of new
armies. Second, further conquests in Asia
are the aim, immediate or long range, of
this effort of military preparation which
was launched with full intensity shortly
after the Peking meeting in August, presid-
ed over by Molotov, when the Korean inter-
vention was decided upon.
If new conquests are to be attempted
soon, there are two main danger areas
besides Korea - Formosa and Southeast
Asia. No indications have appeared, as
yet, of any impending attack on Formosa.
But there have certainly been renewed
danger signals on China's southern bor-
ders.
Chinese units have appeared in the re-
mote tribal country of North Burma, and
the Burmese ambassador at Peking has ad-
vised his government to yield this region to
China or get ready to fight for it. There
is evidence that the Chinese armies in
Yunnan Province are passing supplies to
the Burmese Communist guerrillas. In Siam,
there are warnings of a coup d'etat, which
would overturn the present pro-Western
government in favor of a China-linked re-
gime. And in Indo-China, the native Com-
munist forces of Ho Chi Minh are said to
have been placed under Chinese command,
while the Chinese "liberation army" across
the border has been further reinforced.
* * * *
THESE STRAWS in the wind are not
thought to portend an immediate explo-,
sion. In Indo-China, for example, Ho Chi
Minh is expected to be allowed one more
try to defeat the French with his own Viet
Minh troops, and a Chinese attack is not
regarded as likely to occur tomorrow. What
will happen if Ho Chi Minh fails has mean-
while been decided, it is thought, at the
meeting of Chinese and Russian leaders,
where a choice must have been made be-
tween three possible courses:
1. Discouraged by their misfortunes in
Korea, the Chinese may seek a serious set-
tlement there, in which case the rest of
Asia may be considered as temporarily safe.
2. The Chinese may improve their posi-
tion in Korea by withdrawing enough to
shorten their supply lines, and then try for
a stalemate there. In this case, an attack
on Indo-China may be expected, to com-
pensate for the Korean setback.
3. The Chinese may double their bet in
Korea, committing the large forces they
still have across the Yalu, and at the
same time launch other attacks all along
the southern border, in Indo-China, in
Burma, and possibly on Hong Kong.
In short, their choice is between such an
acknowledgement of failure as the Russians

ON THE
Washington Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-The man who really dominates cabinet meetings
these days is not the President but Defense Mobilizer Charles
E. Wilson. Truman is so fond of Wilson personally, so determined
to give him complete power, that the big square-jawed ex-head of
General Electric carries far more weight than any member of the
cabinet.
In fact, some cabinet meetings have featured non-too-
friendly arguments in which Wilson always gets what he wants.
For example, Wilson will announce to the cabinet: "We need
more timber for defense construction. The lumber people tell me we
can get it from the national forests."
The national forests are under Secretary of the Interior Chap-
man, while the timber in them is under the forest service and
Secretary of Agriculture Brannan. And if the latter argue about
the need of saving timber for future generations and suggest using
only half the proposed amount, Wilson's brusque reply is: "We need
all of it."
- Usually the President calls in the opposing cabinet member and
says: "I think you'd better go along with Charlie. I had an awfully
hard time getting him to take the job, and I don't want him to leave
because he doesn't get cooperation."
Chief inner-cabinet gripe against Wilson is that he listens
chiefly to his advisers from industry and not to his colleagues in
government. Generally speaking, Wilson is doing a good job, is
especially trying to help place orders with little business-des-
spite the fact that he comes from one of the biggest companies
in the world.
Note-Wilson's chief need is a few men around him who can
do more long-range planning.
PEOPLE-TO-PEOPLE FRIENDSHIP
IN THE SUMMER of 1947, this writer had an interesting talk with
General George Marshall, then Secretary of State, about the im-
portance of penetrating the iron curtain in order to refute the Mos-
cow radio and convince the Russian people of the basic friendliness
of the American people.{
Secretary Marshall seemed convinced at that time that much
was to be gained from drawing a distinction between the Russian
people and their government, and making it .clear that the
American people had no quarrel with the Russian people.
In a nation which has no free press, no churches, no parliament
to exercise a check rein on the Kremlin, the only way to prevent a
precipitous declaration of war is contact with the people of Russia.
This fact is, of course, the chief reason for the Iron Curtain.
The Kremlin's greatest fear is that the Russian people will get too
friendly with the outside world.
Secretary Marshall, at that time, favored making a speech in
the Assembly of the United Nations urging Moscow to remove the
Iron Curtain and permit free intercourse between the people of Russia
and the outside world. It was suggested that after such a speech was
made, translations in the Russian language could be dropped behind
the Iron Curtain-by weather balloons if necessary.
For some reason this speech was never made.
But now, four years later, 21 senators have signed a resolution
urging friendship between the Russian people and the American
people. This is the kind of resolution that ought to be smuggled,
dropped or somehow or other got behind the iron curtain.
SENATOR WHERRY'S TOAST
BEFORE FRENCH PREMIER Rene Pleven returned to Paris, he
attended a stag dinner at the French embassy where he sat dir-
ectly across the table from Senator Ken Wherry of Nebraska, the
arch foe of European aid.
Throughout the meal, the French Premier and the Nebraskan
isolationist chatted pleasantly about past experiences. Pleven told
about visiting Nebraska as a youth, and spoke glowingly of
Nebraska's beef cattle.
Wherry responded with a story on himself. He recalled that, as
state GOP chairman, he had made a political barnstorming trip across
the state. As he moved from town to town in southwest Nebraska, he
came upon a small community that had received no advance word
and wasn't expecting him. Nevertheless, he rounded up the local
Republican leaders and arranged a pep rally that night. As he went
into his spiel about the Nebraska GOP ticket, however, he got a cold
reception. There was an exchange of whispers with the local leader,
and the red-faced Wherry discovered he had wandered across the
border and mistakenly arranged a rally in Colorado.
The French Premier laughed heartily, and soon the two were
talking back and forth as if Wherry were an ardent supporter of1
aid to Europe. When it came time for the traditional toasts, Senators
Wiley of Wisconsin, McMahon of Connecticut, Sparkmanof Alabama,
Lehman of New York and Lodge of Massachusetts all drank to the
success of Franco-American relations and the French aid program.
Finally it came Wherry's turn to lift his glass and turning to
Pleven, he declared:
"Mr. Premier, I may ask a lot of questions. But I want you
to understand that I am in favor of helping the French."
Colleagues are wondering whether Wherry will now make good
the pledge he made at a private dinner.
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

(Continued from Page 2)
It is emphasized that exemption
is not granted automatically, but1
is given only upon personal re-
quest.
Any other student who has ab-
solute need (such as for reasons
of health, commuting, et cetera)
for the use of an automobile while
in attendance at the University,
may petition for a "special per-
mit" at the Office of Student Ar-
fairs.
Where a substantial saving in1
transportation costs can be rea-,
lized by a student in transporting
himself and his belongings to Ann
Arbor by automobile, a studenti
whose home is beyond a radius
of 175 miles from the city of Ann
Arbor will be permitted to drive
to the University. Once he has
arrived in the city of Ann Arbor,
he must place his automobile in
storage or park it somewhere off
the city streets and away from1
the campus area. Unless he can
make such arrangements for
storing or parking his automobile,7
the student will not be permitted
to maintain his automobile in
Ann Arbor. All information relat-
ed to the automobile, the fact of
its presence in the Ann Arbor
area, together with the addressI
of the place of storage (or park-
ing area) must be filed with the
Office of Student Affairs. There-
after, the automobile may be dri-
ven legitimately only during those
periods when driving restriction
are lifted, as announced in the
"Daily Official Bulletin."
Applications for driving per
mits must be presented to the Of-
fice of Student Affairs, and all
automobile registrations accom-
plished, within the first two weeks
of each semester, including thel
Summer Session. Students desir-
ing to bring automobiles to Ann
Arbor after that time must apply
for permission to do so. Fall re-
gistrations of automobiles remain
effective until the close of the
regular school year in June.
Before permission to drive isI
granted, each student, including
those who are in an "exempt"
category, must furnish the fol-
lowing information:
1. State License-plate number.
2. Driver's License number.
3. Evidence of .Public Liability
and Property Damage Insurance
on his automobile:-
(a) Name of the Insurance
Company.
(b) Policy Number.
(c) Expiration date of Policy.
All students who have permitsl
to drive, or to have automobiles
in the Ann Arbor- area, are res-
ponsible for promptly reporting
any change in license-plate num-
ber, driving license number, the "
sale of an automobile, or the ac-
quisition of another vehicle.
The automobile regulations will3
become effective at eight o'clockE
on the morning that classes be-
gin in the unit in which a stu-
dent is enrolled and will not be
lifted during the college year ex-
cept when announced in the
"Daily Official Bulletin."
Failure to comply with all regu-
lations governing the use of au-
tomobiles by University students
will invite penalties in the form
of monetary fines, and/or with-
drawal of the driving permit it-
self.
Engineers, Physics and Math
Students: The following men will
be interviewing June and August
graduates this week:
Feb. 14, 15 & 16: Mr. William
Werback of Consolidated Vultee
Aircraft Corp., San Diego, Calif.
Feb. 15 & 16: Mr. Ray Blay-
lock of Chance Vought, Dallas,
Texas.
Feb. 15 & 16: Mr. Ray Schney-
er of Aro, Inc., Tullahoma, Ten-

esspe. (Mr. Schneyer will also
hold a group meeting at 7:30 p.m.,
Feb. 14, Room 1213, E.E.)I
Further information and inter-
view schedules are posted on the
Aeronautical Engineering bulletinr
board opposite Room 1079, E.E.
Registration for Summer Em-
ployment. Registration meeting2
for all people interested in jobs
for this coming summer-camp,
resort, business and industry --
will be held in the Natural Science
Auditorium, Thurs., Feb. 15, at
4 p.m.f
Bureau of Appointments:
The Merrill-Palmer School, De-
troit, Mich., is offering assistant-
ships and advanced fellowships
f or graduate students in the fol-
lowing:
1. Physical Growthl
2. Psychologye
3. Family Lifez
4. Infant Laboratory
5. Nursery School
6. Recreational Clubs
7. Research

8. Nursing
9. Library
For further information contact
the Bureau of Appointments, 35-
28 Administration Bldg.
Bureau of Appointments:
The Palmer IncorporatedsSchools,
Palmer, Alaska need a band
teacher. They will consider those
without experience.
The Near East College Associa-
tion, New York, N.Y. needs per-
sonnel for colleges in Turkey, Le-
banon, and Greece. They are
seeking teachers' of Art History,
English, Music, Science, History,
Home Economics, Physical Edu-
cation, Mathematics, Commerce,
and Elementary grades.
The American College for Girls,
Istanbul, Turkey needs a young
American woman to teach physi-
cal education for a period of three
years.
For further information con-
tact the Bureau of Appointments,
3528 Administration Bldg.
Employment:
The University has several op-
portunities for experienced *key
punch operators on either a full-
time or a part-time basis. For fur
ther details contact the University
Personnel Office, Room 3012, Ad-
ministration Bldg.
University Community Center,
Willow Run Village:
Wed., Feb. 14, 8 p.m., Choir
practice.
Thurs., Feb. 15, 8 p.m., Ceram-
ics.
Sat., Feb. 17, Board Supper
(Wives' Club).
List of approved social events
for the coming week-end:
February 17 -
Alpha Tau Omega
Delta Tau Delta
LawyersaClub
Phi Delta Phi
Phi Rho Sigma
Phi Sigma Kappa
Winchell House
February 18 -
Alpha Rho Chi
Phi Delta Phi
Bureau of Appointments:
The U.S. Civil Service Commis-
sion announces the following ex-
aminations: Organization and
Methods Examiner and Budget
Examiner, Grades G87-GS12,
no closing date; Meteorological
Aid, grades G3-G5, closing
date Feb. 15.
The Michigan Civil Service
Commission announces an exam-
ination for Petroleum Engineer I
and Ii. Closing date, Feb. 14.
The Milwaukee County Civil
Service Commission announces an
examination for Dietetic Supervi-
sor. Closing date, Feb. 26.
The Mare Island Naval Ship-
yard, Vallejo, California, has op-
enings for Naval Architects who
will be graduating in June or
August.
The Kimberly-Clark Corpora-
(Continued on Page 5)
M1018aljBaig

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I

Sixty-First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board In Con trol of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger..........City Editor
Roma Lipeky........Editorial Director
Dave Thomas........... Feature Eidtor
Janet Watts . ,.......Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan.......... Associate Editor
James Gregory......Associate Editor
Bill Connolly.......... Sports Editor
Bob Sandell.... Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton. ...Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans......... Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels.........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Managei
Paul Schaible. . .. Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......inance Manager
Carl Breittreitz....Circulation Manager
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of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
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matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan as second-class mail
matter.
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

1

I

rk

Senatorial Immunity and
Courtesy

WHEN SENATOR BENTON of Connecti-
cut took the floor the other day to de-
nounce the appointment of Senator McCar-
thy to the subcommittee that handles State
Department funds, he used words which the
Unted Press says are "rarely heard in the
t courtesy-conscious Senate."
Twice during the speech he was called
down by Senator Welker of Idaho for

He succeeded, though, in underscoring
again the lop-sided advantage that Senate
rules and Senate courtesy give to a man
like McCarthy.
Senator Benton, in effect, was attack-
ing McCarthy's abuse of the privilege of
senatorial immunity. But Benton was
immediately rebuked by Senator Welker

:rh

BARNABY
A car came by here. Do
you know wher It went? I

It's Pop's car. But
he didn't se me.
And Mr. O'MaI!av

This road to townn....We'll get that
dough back...318 Concord Lane...

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