THE MICHIGAN DAILY.
FRIDAY, APRIL 20, 19"1
__________________________________________________________________________________________ I _____________________________________________________ I
The General's Speech
* * *** *
estion . . Logic Vs. Sentiment
must have stunned Hearst, "No MAN in his right mind would send
and the other loyal Ameri- troops into China." "There is no substi-
dwagon momentarily yester- tute for victory."
ave an enlightened and ra-
of the thoughts and feelings "We must recognize that the Asian peo-
f t toh a fpies will not accept colonization." "We
must hold our island bastion," which in-
to the pent-up desires of eludes "the Aleutians, Japan, Formosa,
oples to rid themselves of The Marianas, the Philippines and the
Cation and to their lust to Marshalls."
r own destinies. The hunger
it stomachs is much more General MacArthur gave witness yesterday
them than ideological in- to the fact that "old soldiers" are not al-
teArthur asserted. ways as logical as they are sentimental. Be-
thoughts changed direction sides involving himself in two immense con-
o run true to form. He could tradictions, he pre-empted an insight into
Chinese Communists taking
the hunger and poverty that the Russian-Chinese alliance that would
na's masses. He seemed don- probably have daunted even Mr. Gromyko.
Communist, government did With his argument resting firmly on this
upport of these masses. watery sub-soil, he proceeded "without bit-
sent Red government is sere terness" to prove clearly to every Republican
nce been conceded. in Congress that our present Asian policy
f the strivings of the Chinese is hopelessly inane.
hur says he recognizes, it Before "fading away" this most skillful
cal that the Nationalist in- actor of the age made clear that the struggle
nainland which he advocates in Asia is irrevocably tied to the struggle in
avail.' Europe. Then with some modesty and a great
lized that the communization deal of circumspection, he .alluded to the
etter or for worse is an ac- ally in the East (Chaing Kai-Shek) whose
t. o try to alter the situation importance he has preserved, without men-
00,00Q men by an invasion of tioning the allies in Europe he has alienated.
'ould either mean the slaugh-
ops or the involvement of the Perhaps we have not heard enough of
n a full-scale war with China. General MacArthur. It is possible he knows
mists could muster all the a way of obtaining victory over the Chinese
y needed to eliminate without sending troops into China. Perhaps
NOO. And we could not aid he has some special information about Sta-
e extent that would be re- lin's intentions that would guarantee that
ve such an operation suc- the expenditure of a war with China would
taking up the fight our- be both profitable and without risk of
spreading to the rest of the world.
e speech MacArthur clearly It is even possible that the man who was
knows why the Chinese have surprised by the Japanese in the Philippines,
government and yet he com- the, Chinese in Korea, and ironically by the
heir will and strength to de- effectiveness of air power (after conducting
rnment if the mainland were the court marshall of Billy Mitchell)-it is
possible that this man can explain why the
--Paul Marx. cost of Korea is not as great to the Chinese,
who can less afford it, than it is to us.
fshed in The Michigan Daily He may be able to show that containing
members of The Daily staff Communism in Asia, constitutes no vie-
he views of the writers only. tory; that convincing the Chinese of our
power without engaging in an all-out war
is really appeasement. He may even be
ITOR: DAVIS CRIPPEN able to explain why Asian allies are so
much more important to us than our
European allies and the support of the
It is unfortunate that in the hysteria sur-
rounding his trip to this country he may be
able to win his point without explaining any-
thing. The old soldier may well take the
world with him as he fades away into ob-
UNUSUAL INTEREST IN -John Briley.
IT HAS BEEN SAID that no one is
more set in his ways, more afraid of
new ideas than a self-made man. Senator
Arthur Vandenberg, who soared from im-
poverished delivery boy to newspaper pub-
lisher to United States Senator from
Michigan, disproved this. In doing so he
made modern history and left behind a
lesson for all who profess to be enlight-
ened human beings.
After the First World War Vanden-
berg, then a newspaper editor in Grand
Rapids, was rightfully assailed as one
of "the little band of willful men" who
kept the United States out of the Lea-
gue of Nations and doomed that pio-
neering worl body.
He was an isolationist until we entered
the Second World War and then at,
nearly sixty years of age, he turned his
back on the policy of a lifetime and be-
came an ardent internationalist. More
important, he implemented this philo-,
sophy by helping to weld our bi-partisan
foreign policy--a policy which, we can
hope, will survive and grow into a per-
manent edifice despite the current split
over General MacArthur and Korea.
When he was a young man, a break-
down brought on''by overstudy and
overwork forced Vandenberg to leave
the University of Michigan after barely
a year of attendance. But he found
another school in the resources of his
mind and heart. That school he never
We realize the lesson when we realize
that such a school is in each of us. We
can best memorialize Arthur Vandenberg
by drawing upon it, each to the best of
his ability all the days of his life.
-The Senior Editors
FOUR MONTHS have passed since the
government of India asked the United
States for 2,000,000 tons of grain to avert
an impending famine. In that time, des-
pite pleas from the State Department and
President Truman, neither the House nor
the Senate has seen fit to take constructive
action. Instead the bill calling for grain
shipments has been bottled up in congres-
sional committees, and the once anticipated
famine has become an actuality.
At 4:15 p.m. today in the International
Center, a meeting of University students
and townspeople has been called together
to urge an end to this congressional
apathy. The meeting, sponsored by the
local UNESCO Council, is seeking to im-
press on the public the facts behind the
delay in sending America aid, facts that
will illuminate the shortsightedness that
is becoming characteristic of our congress-
men. It is a meeting that is important not
just to those whose main concern is the
welfare of the Indian people or the tra.
gedy of starvation, but also to those who
are at all concerned with the welfare of
the United States.
While we have remained idle, Communist
China has not. Anxious to win the friendship
and dispel the fears of her fellow Asians,
the Chinese-without being asked as we
were-offered India 1,000,000 tons of food
grains. Russia, in a move that showed con-
siderably more foresight than ours, promised
the "necessary transportation to ship the
grains to Indian ports. Offered only a bag of
talk from Washington, India has already
begun negotiations with Piping for the
Now, no matter what aid we vote to send
the memory of American inaction will be a
constant reminder to Indiaof what support
she may expect from our 'country in the fu-
ture. While on the one hand we seek her
strong friendship, we have with the other
destroyed an opportunity to win it. And in
the bargain we have needlessly condoned
I The Republican minority on the House
Foreign Affairs Commnittee issued this
statement on the aid proposal: "The plight
of hundreds of millions of ill-fed and
starving people . . . wrings our hearts .. -
but . . . we do not believe that . the
Congress has the right to be charitable
(without the taxpayer's consent)"
If this is all that still holds back the
heartbroken humanitarians, the campus
meeting this afternoon will provide the op-
portunity for all of us to give Congress our,
At Hill Auditorium . .
THE ROCKING HORSE WINNER with
John Mills, Valerie Hobson and Ronald
THIS LITERATE reworking of one D. H.
Lawrence's better short stories is a small
masterpiece of its kind. All unnecessary ac-
tion has been ruthlessly suppressed; the
editingi s careil and sure. while the dia-
"You Seem To Be The Only One Who Can Settle
Our Debates These Days"
ettep4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers .on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or.
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
l Korean War.. .
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W ashington Merry-Go-Round
with DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-At an explosive Republican Senatorial strategy'
meeting this week, the big GOP guns warned against tieing the
Republican Party too closely to MacArthur's kite.
One of those who led the warning was Senator Taft, whose
friends have been worried that MacArthur might crowd him as the
GOP presidential candidate in 1952.
Taft told the strategy meeting, "as a political party we should keep
out of this."
Senator Millikin of Colorado chimed in that occasionally past
"conquering heroes" had come home and put their foot in their mouths.
He recalled that Admiral Dewey, the conqueror of Manila, got a
hero's reception and was presented with a free house, then trans-
ferred the house to his wife. Millikin also cited Charles Lindbergh,
who came home to a hero's welcome and later made some remarks
that offended religious groups.
However, the sharpest Republican fire was concentrated on Sena-
tor Cain of Washington for putting the republican party on the spot
with his resolution declaring war on China. His colleagues agreed it
was politically ill-advised, and ripped into him unmercifully.
Senator Wherry of Nebraska, who has been Secretary of State
Acheson's bitter foe, actually snorted: "As far as the Cain resolution
is concerned, I am on Acheson's side."
Senator Young of North Dakota warned that declaring war
on China would do "more damage than anything that has hap-
pened in the Republican Party in five years."
Senator Aiken of Vermont pointed out a "slight technical" ob-
stacle. He brought out the "we can't declare war against a government
that we have refused to recognize."
* * . .
HOWEVER, Cain tried to defend his position by arguing that his
real purpose was to "pin this war on Truman as Truman's war."
He pointed out that the President in his April 11 speech men-
tioned war 21 times. However, Cain's colleagues failed to follow his
In the end, Cain insisted that he had promised to introduce the
resolution and intended to go through with it. However, he agreed to
make a statement that his only purpose was to focus attention on the
China issue, since Truman had already got the country into war.
The most explosive outburst of the closed-door meeting came
from Indiana's wild Senator Jenner. He was spurred out of his seat
by a remark from Senator Taft that "no responsible Republican
senator would advocate impeachment."
To this Jenner shouted angrily: "I may not be part of the re-
sponsible Republican leadership, but I have my own opinion."
He demanded immediate impeachment of President Truman and
used considerable profanity in demanding it.
Senator Ecton of Montana tried to soothe Jenner by explaining
that it was up to the House to bring impeachment proceedings and
the Senate was supposed to act as a jury. Ecton cautioned that it
would be improper for a Senator who was supposed to sit on the
jury to express advance opinions about impeachment.
In response to a suggestion that the Republicans appoint a wel-
coming committee, Millikin declared, "MacArthur must be left in
the hands of the public. It shouldn't look like the Republicans are
* * * *
Tb the Editor:
T HETIME has come for peace
in Korea. 60,000 American
casualties and over 1,000,000 Ko-
rean men, women and children
casualties are quite enough. The
"police action" in Korea has
brought us on the brink of World
War III with the fools in Congress
howling for more blood. The at-
tempt to pose MacArthur as a de-
fender of democracy is ridiculous.
He is without doubt the most an-
ti-democratic, the most imperious
and egotistical figure in public
life. He not only had complete
contempt for his Japanese and
Philippine underlings (he never
met with them), but even his
treatment of his fellow American
officers was abominable.
Some people say he is a good
general. His conduct of the war in
Korea was filled with miscalcula-
tions and almost complete under-
estimation of the Korean people's
ability to fight. His attempt to
picture himself as a one man army
during the last war in the Pacific
was met with overwhelming scorn
from the G.I.'s who did the real
fighting. Remember his "I have
returned." That was typical.
Then there's th&Iine about.Mac-
Arthur understanding the "Ori-
ental mind." This, is just so much
garbage. All MacArthur thought
about the Orient was to censider
it his personal property, and the
best way to convince the people of
Asia that this was right and Just
with bombs, napalm and "Opera-
Do people really believe that we
can bring democracy to the Far
East by means of atomic war? Yet
this is what the MacArthur,
Hearst, Taft crowd are yelling for.
Truman says we must stay in Ko-
rea to prevent World War III. But
this is equally unconvincing. How
do you reconcile 60,000 casualties
with a so-called peace policy. Is it
for peace that our Seventh Fleet
surrounds Formosa? A policy
which sends millions of dollars
worth of arms to Viet Nam, rearms
the German Nazis, embraces but-
cher Franco and supports every
corrupt and reactionary regime in
the world is a war policy. Today
the choice is either war or peace.
We can't have both at the same
time, no matter how hard the Tru-
man administration tries to prove
Why Is the Korean war so un-
popular? Why all the confusion
and dissension on the top level?
Why do our most trusted allies,
Britain and France oppose more
and more of our actions? The ans
wer lies in the fact that the Uni-
ted States government is pursuing
a war policy all along the line. We
are fighting an unjust and aggres-
sive war in Korea and pltting
worse for Western Europe. At
home it is reflected in the unpre-
cedented greed, corruption and
gangsterism In government. Let
the people tighten their belts. It's
for peace and the Free World,
they say. I say, "nuts!"
--Al Lipptt, '50
Wheat for India .. .
To the Editor:
and thereby 'showed her willing-
ness to cooperate with the western
4. India welcomes technical and
financial assistance from the west-
Thus, India is wedded to demo-
cratic ideals and she will defend
them. It is in her-own interest to
stand against any totalitarian
rule in the world. These facts,
rather than any formal consent,
should assure the United States
that India will be a reliable ally
in the time of crisis.
Hence we maintain that not
only should wheat be sent to In-
dia but also it is in the highest In-
terest of the United States, to as-
sist in building Indic into a strong
and democratic country.
We trust that the American
people will give serious considera-
tion to these ideas and request
their leaders to act accordingly.
Wheat for Indya..
To the Editor:
OR A long time the bill to send
Ftwo million tons of'surplus
wheat to India has bon pending
in the U.S. Congres .Day by day
the famine conditions in India
grow worse .Yet there is no de-
cisive action on the measure. We
have the wheat sitting around,
and many Indians are in danger
of starvation. The Government of
India has -offered to pay for the
wheat on a long-term basis. Why
hasn't the grain been sent? The
United States legislators want
strings attached to the bundle. In-
dia does not. To extract strate-
gic raw materials which India
vitally needs for her own indus-
try in preference to payment that
has already been offered might be
compared to making a man work
twelve hours for one loaf of bread
'when he is already half dead from
There is another approach.
Could not the U.S. Congress be
persuaded to deal with this prob-
lem from a purely humanitarian
point of view? An appeal to that
effect was drawn up, signed by
twelve students representing seven
different countries, and sent to the
President of the Senate. A reply
was received from Vice-President
Barkley acknowledging receipt of
the petition and stating that it
would be brought to the attention
of the Senate.
If the American people can be
informed about the situation in
India, aid may be sent before it is
too late. It is difficult to conceive
how grounds could be maintained
for rot sending aid to any group
of people who are threatened with
At Lydia Mendelssohn..
FINIAN'S RAINBOW. Book by E. Y.
Harburg and Fred Saidy, Lyrics by E. Y.
Harburg, Music by Burton Lane. Present-
ed by the Student Players.
THIS BUOYANT incarnation of the hit
musical, "Finian's Rainbow," is a delight.
The enthusiastic troupe of singers, dancers
and actos romps through a Southern fairy
tale which, despite its two-and-a-half-hour
running time, seems no longer than you'd
The songs are all remarkably melodious
and blessed with literate lyrics. The book
deals with a slightly daft Irishman named
Finian McLonergan who has some remark-
able economic theories involving leprechaun's
gold and puts them to hopeful use. It also
chronicles the reformation of a biased, re-
actionary Southern senator and is rather
remarkable in that it makes a tolerance
The songs are fresh as ever- How Are
Things in Glocca Morra?", "Look to the
Rainbow," "Old Devil Moon" and many
No one gave a bad performance last night,
and many people were very, very good. Prime
accolades go to John Waller, who not only
bounced about roguishly as Og, the lepre-
chaun, but also served as choreographer with
resourcefulness and wit.
Kenneth Rosen as Finian was practically
flawless, creating a wry and spritely char-
The romantic leads, Vivien Milan and
Paul Hines, were not far behind Waller and
Rosen. Miss Milan has a very sweet voice,
although she should raise it a little more.
Hines is a robust, full-voiced fellow who de-
livered his songs very ably indeed, with a
pleasant blending of vigor and ease.
The chorus deserves long applause. These
three or four dozen young performers were
agile, tuneful and superbly peppy last night,
ixk tgan ti1
BEATING ENLISTED MEN
IT HAS BEEN hushed up by the Navy, but the Norfolk, Va., shore
patrol has been officially accused of kicking and beating servicemen
and throwing them into the brig without their shoes.
These shocking charges were made in a confidential report by
Rear Adm. F. N. Kivette, who was skipper of the aircraft carrier mid-
way until his promotion to admiral last month.
Kivette ordered his own investigation of the Norfolk Shore Patrol
and sent a sharp report to the Navy, charging that the Norfolk's SP's
were "arrogant, dictatorial, arbitrary, sometimes abusive and occa-
Kivette's investigation was conducted by Ensign Robert E. Kenyon.
Here are excerpts from the officer's report:
Telling"of an air force enlisted man, R. T. Cullen, who was hauled
in by the shore patrol for alleged drunkenness, the report charges:
"Two SP's and a chief petty officer held Cullen on the deck, and a
person or persons slapped him a few times."
(Copyright, 1951, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
' the United States Congress to
authorize him to send wheat to
India in the month of February.
This bill is still pending in the
Rules Committee of the House.
It is true that India criticizes
the foreign policy of this country.
India stands for the admission of
Communist China to the United
Nations. She opposesthe crossing
of the 38th parallel, either by the
UN forces or the Chinese troops.
In spite of these views, is it in
the interest of the United States to
assist India? A country with sim-
ilar interests is a better ally
than a forced ally. In this respect
India probably fulfills more re-
quirements than any' other coun-
try in Asia. The following rea-
sons lead to this conclusion:
1. The new constitution of India
is a democratic one and thus\ op-
posed to any totalitarian system'.
2. From the writings of Mr. Neh-
ru, the Prime Minister of India,
it is abundantly clear that India
stands for a democratic way of
life throughout the world. This is
manifested in her support of the
United Nations action in Korea,
and sending of a medical unit
3. India chose to be a member
of the Commonwealth of Nations
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Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
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fop says Alert only imagines Tennessee
brmtessey comes around to play with him-
There's always some rational explanation,
little girl.' A careless lion hunter or o