THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, APIL 19, 1951
BEFORE GEN. MacARTHUR addresses the
joint session of Congress today, Ameri-
cans should realize what serious considera-
tion his opinions deserve. Congress and the
nation must listen closely to the General's
suggestions on how to end the day-by-day
disaster that war is.
As Congress listens to this greatest living
military genius, let them remember that he
speaks for the three of his general officers
and more than 10 thousand of his men dead
on Korean battlefields. As this hero speaks
to them, let them remember how they lis-
tened to Gen., Marshall when she recom-
mended abandonment of China to the Com-
munists. Let the Senators and Congressmen
listen to MacArthur with more care than
they listened to Gen. Chennault when he
begged to be allowed to organize a volunteer
air unit to fight the Chinese Reds as his
Flying Tigers fought the Jap invaders.
And when the General is finished, to
what "expert" will those who support the
State Department's disaster in the Ko-
rean rice patties listen? Will it be Gen.
Ridgway? He'll tell them the war in Korea
can only end in hopeless stalemate. Will
they ask Gen. Stratemeyer? He'll tell
them that 150 thousand Chinese civilians
are clearing Manchurian fields, preparing
for a huge new air attack on the Ameri-
Editorials published in The "Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: RICH THOMAS
can army in Korea--an attack which we
will not be able to stop.
Or will the Senators and Congressmen
disregard these generals whose opinions are
colored by the blood of 60 thousand Ameri-
can casualties? Congress can listen to Chief
of Staff Gen. Bradley. Bradley, dominated
by the State Department and Gen. Marshall,
will gladly support the dismissal of his fin-
est general, and at the same time he'll hand
out the latest casualty list. More Americans
"killed, wounded and missing" in a war
without end, a war against the bottomless
well of Chinese manpower, a war in which
the killers of American boys enjoy a privi-
leged sanctuary unprecedented in military
Congress can always look to the civilians
who should rightfully control the military.
They can call for the military advice of
Secretary Acheson, the man who said "let
the dust settle" in China, the man who
said Formosa was not part of our defense
line, the man who, before this war, said
South Korea was unimportant in our de-
The United States is involved in a terrible
mess in the Far East. Gen. MacArthur's pro--
posals may not get us out of it soon. But
Congress and the nation must weigh his pro-
posals to bomb the Chinese Manchurian bas-
es and start a second front in China against
the administrationis policy of sacrificing
more thousands of Americans to avoid the
risk of a larger war. Only through careful
consideration of Gen. MacArthur's advice
can Congress and the American people force
the adoption of a successful foreign policy
for the Far East.
japan Treaty Is-sue
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first in a series
of three editorials dealing with the forthcoming
peace treaty between this country and Japan.)
JAPAN HAS BEEN well enough prepared
for self-rule the American government
feels that the occupation can be ended and
a peace treaty negotiated. A draft of the
treaty has already been drawn up and sub-
mitted to the allied powers for their ap-
According to the United States Initial
Post-Surrender Policy for Japan, "the ul-
timate objectives of the United States in
regard to Japan are to insure that Japan
will not again become a menace to the
United States or to the peace and security
,of the world; to bring about the eventual
At Hill Auditorium...
HOROWITZ, apparently completely re-
coverd rom th illness which post-
poned his original recital, was presented
last night in a climactic closing concert of
the 1951 Choral Union Series. Not only is
he completely recovered-he appeared in
better health and spirits than I have ever
Strangely, the new relaxation and self-
possession did nothing to his pianism. It
is still electrifying.
Horowitz is without doubt the world's
greatest technical master of the keyboard.
Defying nearly every standard rule of key-
board approach, he nonetheless covers per
second more notes, more cleanly than any
other pianist I know. His control is abso-
lute-every finger, every muscle responds
with lightning impulse and unwavering sta-
bility. The mastery of mind over matter is
here so complete as to be almost shocking.
Nearly everything about H.orowitz's ap-
proach to the keyboard is sheer wizardry.
His legato is flawless, his staccato cuttingly
clear; he plays scales almost more rapidly
than they can be played, and his melodic
line never fails -to sing. His louds are louder
and his softs softer than any I have heard,
and his tone, whether soft or loud, is abso-
lutely compelling. His use of infinitely
varied colors is incredible.
Horowitz's conception is as closely con-
trolled as his execution. Ile is tirelessly
careful and patient, probingly studious and
demanding in his approach to interpre-.
tation. He is scholarly, sensitive, and
clearly musical. How frustrating, then, to
come away breathless, marvelling, yet un-
satisfied. How distressing to find the
coupling of such fabulous facility, bril-
liant intellect and obvious artistic sin-
cerity with a musical personality which
falls just short of profundity.
The Haydn sonata was a highlight, but
in less perfect classic style than the little
Mozart encore. The Brahms Intermezzo left
nothing to be desired. The Chopin numbers
were scintillatingly executed but devastat-
ingly distorted as to rhythm and melodic
line; this was true to a lesser degree of the
Schumann encore. Moussorgsky's "Pictures"
really belong to Horowitz and he plays them
I began to breathe more easily as the
establishment of a peaceful and respon-
sible government which will respect the
rights of other states . . .."
Whether Japan will ever again menace
the world, or whether its government will
-remain peaceful and responsible is still de-
batable. No doubt the treaty will include as
many safeguards against the rise of Japan-
ese aggression as possible. Nevertheless it
appears that the treaty will be lenient in
every aspect except territorial expansion.
And even though all of the occupation's
aims have not been realized-our political,
educational and economic reforms for ex-
ample have been far from perfect - and
much of Japanese democracy is purely imi-
tation, there is no doubt that a peace treaty
is needed. Gen. MacArthur some time ago
pointed out the necessity of ending the oc-
cupation. It is costly, and the Japanese will
grow increasingly restless under the con-
tinued yoke of occupation.
An example of Japan's readiness for free-
dom is its new labor movement.Ineffectual
and surpressed before the war, organized la-
bor has now grown to the point where- it
dared to pressure MacArthur before the men
in Washington even disputed his judgement.
Although referred to as immature and lead-
erless by the American press in the early
days of the occupation, Japanese labor has
organized into unions and adopted bargain-
ing practices that are not simply duplica-
tions of American practice, but adjustments
to the peculiarities of labor-management
relations in Japan.
There are of course reactionary and revo-
lutionary factions in the present union
movement. Since the war, whole abor fed-
erations have been led by Communist ele-
ments. Whether one wing or the other'rests
control from the present democratic center
will largely effect the labor movement's fu-
This factionalism is present in most
phases of Japanese life. For example,
many of the country's educators lean to
the left. On the other hand some of the
present government's policies have been
The factors which will determine the road
Japan will follow are many and complex.
One of the biggest for some time to come
will be the influence of the American occu-
pation. But continued influence from th
country will depend on post-occupation po-
licy. And this will be shaped greatly by the
type of peace treaty the United States fin-
ally signs with Jajan.
(NEXT: Rearmament of Japan.)
THE PLANT DEPARTMENT came to the
rescue of bewildered sidewalk superin-
tendents a few weeks ago with several floor
plans of the Angell Hall addition. These
cleared up many questions at the time, but
the progress is vertical now, not horizontal.
The concrete slab has been poured for
the second floor, and a few supports are
reaching up toward a third tier already.
The plans now need a third dimension-
Merr y-Go- ound
SASHINGTON-Capitol Hill cloakroms
have been buzzing as never before over
the MacArthur incident. This is true of Re-
publicans perhaps more than Democrats.
The Democrats are glum, the Republicans
elated-though not all of them.
Here are highlights from some of the
most significant of these backstage con-
Bob Taft expressed concern to Senator
Wherry of Nebraska that the GOP may get
stuck with MacArthur as its 1952 presiden-
tial candidate. Of course, this would elimi-
nate him, though Taft didn't mention this
to Wherry. Taft has been noticeably irri-
table, has snapped at Senate functionaries
and fellow Senators. He got in a private
wrangle with Bob Kerr of Oklahoma over
Kerr's statement criticizing MacArthur.
GOP Senator Millikin of Colorado also
expressed worry that Eisenhower would op-
pose MacArthur, which would split the Re-
publicans down the middle. Bridges of New
Hampshire replied that Eisenhower was too
smart to get into the midle, that Eisen-
hower also might differ with Truman and
run the risk of being fired.
Bridges has been bustling around GOP
cloakrooms more than anyone else. He
told one group joyfully: "This is the big-
gest windfall that has ever come to the
Actually, Lodge of Massachusetts, Duff of
Pennsylvania and Ives of New York have
held some worried huddles about the Mac-
Arthur boom and how it would affect their
Eisenhower boom. During one of these hud-
dles, Ives snorted: "How in the hell are we
going to get any unity around here!"
Smith of New Jersey, the former Prince-
ton Professor, has been quite critical over
he fact that MacArthur wasn't left in Ja-
pan to keep the occupation intact and com-
plete the peace treaty. But privately Smith!
seemed to approve of removing MacArthur
f'orn military command.
Senators Knowland and Nixon, both
California Republicans, are caer-beavers
on the MacArthur bandwagon. But Nixon
had an interesting conversation with Duff
of Pennsylvania just before MacArthur was
'-What party does Eisenhower belong to?"
Duff one of the strongest boosters for
Eisenhower, assured him that Ike was a Re-
"I hope so," declared Nixon. "ae's the
man for us."
Nixon, however, is now beating the bass
drum on the MacArthur bandwagon.
TAFT DISCOURAGED IMPEACHMENT-
JURING THE first Republican meeting in
ex-speaker Joe Martin's office on tihe
morning MacArthur was fired, congressman
Charlie Halleck of Indiana demanded that
Republicans immediately press for Ti rman's
It was Bob 'aft, howeer, 0ho demurre :
Such a move,hhe said, was asinne. ft
would be much smarter, he adx i.fd, t o
baring MacArthur back to the United
States and build up sentiment for his case
before the Republican Party went all-out
The impeachment idea ws then droppe d,
though Joe Martin told GOP collea:mues to
keep talking about it. "We've got to keep the
fire burning," he said, half joking.
T WAS Joe Martin who adroitly a r-
minded the drive to invite MacArthur to
a joint session of Congress. A ist emo-
cratic leaders wxere decidedly lukewarm, ar-
gued it would set a bad precedent for Con-I
gress to roll out the red carpet for a GeCn-
eral, especialh* one ousted fa'r msubodina -
tion. They also felt it would be an affront.
to President Truman.
however, Martin handed a virtual ulti-
matum to his old friend, Speaker am
Rayburn. lie g'ave him until 2:30 Friday
to agree to invite MacAr thur to a joint
session of Congress.
"MacArthur has been away 14 years,"
Rayburn drawled sourly. "What's all the
So Martin extended the dea dine to our
Martin didn't say so, but the reason he
pushed Rayburn was because MacArthur's
office in Tokyo had piven him a veiled ul-
timatum that tie General might n yt speak
in Washington at all unless vonditi-ns were
to his choosing; also that he had to know in
a hurry in order to 3lan his itinerary. It was
also made clear that MacArthur was not
anxious to answer questions before the
Senate Armed Services Committee.
Afte'r getting his u iatum fro Matin,
Speaker Rayburn called the Whit Hu(' icSe,
cautioned the President that MacAr lair
might be made a martyr by snubbing him,
so it was deiided the General would be
given a chance to :ddress Congress.
S ayburn then went back to Joe Marti,
- r J?7 -pa
1 f- , <% l t F Ks/ F 'ay Y M
on matters o
n,,nI -4 s by the writer
and god 1me.Leues eceeing:m wrdsIn enghOefamatory or
libkusieers an M erswhin or ny raonare noi i good taste will
becnesd ntdo ihedfo ulcto. ,t the discretion of the
(Continued from Page 2)
Kansas City, Missouri, guest speaker.
All interested persons are invited.
Polonia Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
International Center. All students of
Polish descent and their friends are
Deutscher Verein: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Room 3, Tappan. Speaker: Dr. W. A.
Reichart. Topic: Summer in Austria.
Music. All students and faculty mem-
Union Opera Cast and Personnel:
Meeting, Union, Room 3-G, 9:00 p.m.,
to listen to "Go West, Madam" record-
ings and to make payments for same.
Beta Alpha Psi, honorary accounting
fraternity, is sponsoring an address by
George W. Troost, Vice-President and
Comptroller of the Chrysler Corporation,
8 p.m., Room 3-A, Union. Open to
anyone interested in accounting. Sub-
ject: Current Accounting Problems.
U. of M. Soaring Club: Meeting, 1042
E. Engineering Bldg., 7 pm., Final plans
for buying a tow ship and scheduling
of week-end flights will be discussed.
All members are urged to attend and
all who are interested are welcome.
The Institute for Social Research will
be host to the Detroit Area Chapter of
the American Statistical .Association,
8 p.m., at the Institute on East Cather-
ine Street (old West Hospital). Mem-
bers of the A.S.A. and others interested
are invited. The meeting will be pre-
ceded by a dinner at the Michigan
League at 7 p.m. Only a few more din-
ner reservations are available and must
be made immediately by calling exten-
Public Meeting: "Wheat for India."
Fri., April 20, 4:15 p.m., International
Center. Speakers: John B. Muehl, De-
partment of English; graduate students,
Department of Political Science, B. V.
Govindaraj, and Hiru Shah.
Acolytes: Prof. Wilfred Sellars, Uni-
versity of Minnesota, "Inference, Obli-
gation, and Necessity." Fri., April 20,
7:45 p.m., E. Conferediee Room, Rack-
Hillel: Passover services will be held
Friday and Saturday, 6:30 p.m., and
Saturday and Sunday, 9 aVn., Upper
Room, Lane Hall.
International Radio Round Table,
auspices of International Center and
WUOM. Discussions every Friday, 7:30
p.m., WUOM. Transcribed on WHRV
on Tuesday, 10 p.m.and broadcast on
Voice of America to foreign countries.
Subjects for discussion: American Po-
litical Parties, April 20. American Lit-
erature, April 27. Students interested
in participating in the programs may
contact Hiru Shah, Moderator of the
Roundta le, 8598.
University Museums Friday Evening
Program: Subject: "Stages of Human
Culture." Two movies at Kellogg
Auditorium, 7:30 p.m. "Background Ci-
vilization will show the life of the
Berbers of northern Africa. "This
Changing World," will trace the prolp
ress of civilization upward from earliest
antiquity. The public is welcome.
Hillel Party at the Zeta Beta Tau
House, 2006 Washtenaw, will be Sin.,
April 22, 8 p.m.
Hostel Club: Sports and swimming
at I-M Bldg., Friday night, April 20.
Westminster Guild: Scavenger Hunt,,,
Fri., April 20. Meet at the church at
8:30 p.m. Wear blue jeans.
Hostel Club: Pinebrook Weekend
Work Trip. Bikers meet at League at
8:30 p.m., Sat., April 21. Call Paul Van
To the lditoi':
"NEVLR I- T as li t30 t'las.-
es of cit/Ar uK >xs Chestr
Burns. in a san-i imemnous styl I
as he attacks the cel ' deL r-
Burn; '"ir us"l.c e'xne cla s
m ' oE-~'-' the poin
Atlr4m c ec Ma' ihum'
Washi n tme mi iris o-
manta a yt ad eman:xa
that they be mii n ('emuxl .- mm-
istC ion ox i e nfbxe 01 lmen
to be sent to La4 ec C 'rxaimy,
ly on li( lxi t a lOW av -
d eals xx ho, ml ic 11 ame' or
oppression and are highly skep-
tical of any kind of "benevolent"
jurisdiction over them. They re-
ject the imposition of a labelled
"dcmc-ratie" system. They want
somrthing of their own choosing.
Asia now stands where Europe
stood ii 188; the masses are
iuggling fain' the basic necessities
o lie xhith have been virtually
Smcd them. Ideologies mean
L ie to s axvlimp, illiterate mil-
S tis cometi Supreme
Cc~rudus-ice illiam 0. Douglas
L am :e the situation in Asia
aticle to Look Magazine,
Jan. 16, 21. It is well worth read-
I (tO nOt doubt' that there are
ne Pcsian stu ents on the cam-
pu xho am-c "confused and up-
She General's dismissal.
But it ill be well for Mr. Ha-
ma to look into these ques-
tixs:"wo are the patrons of
is?" and do foreig
t a d a n ts freely express their
vic a?" xftmember the McCarran
l Vg exm e:Gericnce lhas reveal-
ed that imuY am- afraid to speak
Con atoteopinions of the
a he i -v t riewedh istory
missal of MacArthur and the sup-
port of his action by the Ameri-
* * *
Modern Oration ...
To the Editor:
[RIENDS, Americans, Republi-
cans, lend me your ballots.
I come to bury Truman, not to
praise him. The good that men do
lives after them; the evil is oft
interred with their bones; so let itJ
be with Harry. The noble Harry
hath told you that I was ambi-
tious: if it were so, it was a griev-
ous fault, and grievously hath I
answer'd it. Here, under leave of
Harry and the rest-for Harry is
an honorable man; so are they all,
all honourable men--come I to
speak of Truman's funeral. He
was my friend, "faithful and just"
to me: but Harry says I was ambi-
tious: and Harry is an honorable
man. He hath brought many
friends to Washington, Whose es-
capades did the general coffers
empty; did this in Harry seem
ambitious? When the critics have
cried, Harry hath written: ambi-
tion should be made of sterner
stuff: yet Harry says I was ambi-
tious; and Harry is an honorable
He will leave you all his letters,
his piano, and new-built balcony,
on this side of the Potomac;. he
hath left them to you, and to your
heirs for ever, common things-
to send your sons abroad, and re-
create them. Here was a Eresi-
dent! When comes such another?
In the announcement by a Bri-
tish collector that he has an orig-
inal notebook of William Shake-
speare worth possibly $1,000,000
there's the urge to breathlessness
big money always induces. But
there is much more.
This collector, Alan Keen, says
this notebook and the research
that went on about it will end for-
ever the theories. about who wrote
Shakespeare's plays. It was Will
Shakespeare himself, says Keen,
and he claims to be able 'to prove
Blessed, blessed event-if this be
true. Too many evening hours that
should have been shined to im-
provement have been consumed by
those who claim Bacon wrote the
plays or the Earl of Oxford. Too-
many sheets of fine white paper
have been wasted by the acrostics
analysts who were sure it was the
Earl of Oxford oiperhaps of Derby r
who was the playwright.
Simplicity will have triumphed if
only if can be proved that Will
Shakespeare wrote Will Shake-
speare's plays. And a good deal of
intense boredom will, have been
erased from all high literary dis-
--St. Louis Star 'Times..
A So c .. Ti iiiupl! TobdySi
DAILY OFFICIAL- BULLETIN
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I'd1mlner is te> ir-- P a I nl x prts it to
(' ybeacxmse texr as 'Iiln u-' mx- get un-ha
I mnd thu gn' mia it sLic gV (lt--iOr I
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tDm4 1 1.m I11 nAIJl v mif Anici- 'F I eEit
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Buinrsit m 'Al pt~ m bi Asmmn situde
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Lxa cits antid nthica ri tnmn---tO tI m Mm
bar - hescemx'y s a'met n btil tof a I-
plae, so IlimlimeTimn At cu- Iomelaud.
tain (-a mrisi-til el( S ilitt' in c.'
Xi'unl 5 ' 1111 (lmiOP'ig fr ~~- eing an
I' - AY IIA\ ' Iin (I' :5 1bjt'9,tnati
('ly Ti i't' Swmem in inex lile II
I it' (((1 *'t Iof lii IL- miiLaxl n- Ox-eitk IHIc
11(61vals iii Ai-im m 'm- mm omity int of nim ttt
of Asbiusaxi1 hn .Ole smn. 'Thank
11mm colOini. ar-msf Amm' amid of Lima Am
4 lies p'a i-s m' inm i-wt a' n l'i't' xwitli
stomi y 01mc i.t m ft inim of Proved by P
T fA 'encmr y AY oir-y Gomlfolher ]
as in tihe case of Chi-
thout the overwhelm-
of the people, Mao
Icave succeeded. May
are Maayans, Indo-
oher Asian nation-
It is hard fornmebto
they amre fighting he-
have a romantic urge
ntal mind" is some-
t.C t MIt Ctl
ly different from what , *
wx'hite father" inter- i
be. Only Asians can Disuppro.al
problems. And Asia
t she wants-right or To the Editor:
matter how great the WISH to voice m
omea is neither the be- of the headline
the end. Asiaais re- The Daily for 17 Ap
Ier millions ame on ed that the foreign
--L. V. Naidoo m~clo ~_M,
on Page 1 of
ril which stat-
n students on
.Arthur It is
G , . . .
F. HAVENNZ in his
has stated that some
its aire upset and con-
missal OI Ueil .Y2Cl U1. I
misleading. From the story which
followed, I readily saw that the
foreign students agreed that the
President was following his Con--
stitutional prerogative. However,
it is quite apparent that all the
foreign students interviewed had
complete faith in the policies of
G fn. T,,afcArthur.
e "lamentable news of
dismissal" and that The foreign students that I
have talked to feel, and rightly so,
2Arthur was the sym- that a Munich appeasement has
ecaceful and vigorous taken hold of the Atlantic na-
of a democratic Ori- tions and that the Americans have
yielded to it. Already, the English
Asian student I feel it have come out in favor of giving
Spr'otest against this outright the democratic people on
siich will mislead the Formosa to the Communitss of
7ublin. I sincerely be- China. Do not we, as Americans,
I know definitely that have the courage to stand up for
- students also believe, what is true and right and demo-
thur NNas a symbol of cratic? Why must we constantly
in Asia. He does not appease and wait-always groping
rusperity of the Asian for that "eventual settlement?"
nd wishes to see them We must stand by our friends in
).18s. He is blind to the Asia and attempt to show our At-
mat has come to the lantic fgriends the rightness of
vas acting in the spir- the MacArthur policy. Stop to
It centumy colonial- think what Britain would think if
Gon that the majority any country suggested that Hong-
G'm-an 'people do not kong be given to the Communists.
in. 'This has been Selfish motives always cause war.
r'siit Truman's dis- -Ray F. Ravenna
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r No, the card I picked was red. Tennessee Mr. O'Maclley Look,there's a