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VOL. LXI, No. 131
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1951
.1 T a
NEW YORK-(A)-A wartime husband and wife atom spy team
was sentenced to death yesterday-the first Americans in the nation's
history so doomed for such treachery.
They are Julius Rosenberg and his wife Ethel, who ferreted out
A-bomb secrets for a Russian-bossed international spy ring.
Military courts have sentenced native American spies to death
in the past, but a civil court never has.
A THIRD DEFENDANT, radar expert Morton Sobell, 34 years old,
was convicted with the Rosenbergs. But he escaped the death penalty
and got 30 years-in prison instead.
K Union Ban. of
ed labor yesterday made its first
move back into the mobilization
program which it bolted five weeks
Union chiefs agreed to serve on
President Truman's 17-man Ad-
visory Mobilization Board.
* * *
MR. TRUMAN was reported to
be "very happy" about it and the
union leaders themselves said they
hoped it would lead to a complete
solution of the problems which led
to their boycott of the mobilization
program on Feb. 28.
The decision to sit on the
overall advisory board which will
help determine policy in the cru-
cial defense planning of the fu-
ture, was announced in the cab- j
inet room of the White House
after an hour and a half con- t
ference between President Tru-
man and almost all of the big
labor chieftains. They repre-
sented _the United Labor Policy
Committee. Only big gun missing
from the company was John L.
Lewis, who was not invited.
The Mobilization Advisory Board
will hold its first meeting, with
President Truman sitting in, on
r Monday. The labor unions will
have four members on the board.
It was generally conceded that
these probably would be AFL Pres-
ident William Green, CIO Presi-
dent Philip Murray, AFL Secre-
tary-Treasurer George Meany, and
Walter P. Reuther, head of the
United Auto Workers.
The Mobilization Advisory Board
is to be headed by Mobilization
Director Charles E. Wilson, for-l
mer president of the General Elec-
tric Corporation. Most of the com-
plaints by union leaders about "big
business" domination of the mob-
ilization program stemmed from
meetings between Wilson and the
union men. They did not get along
In a grave but stinging lecture,
sentencing Judge Irving R.
Kaufman said the Rosenbergs'
treason-in his own opinion-
led to the war in Korea.
The result, he added, has been
50,000 American casualties already.
Moreover, he said, their crime may
yet doom to flaming atomic death
millions more innocent citizens.
"BY YOUR BETRAYAL you un-
doubtedly have altered the course
of history to the disadvantage of
our country," Judge Kaufman told
As the federal judge's solemn
words echoed through the court-
room, church bells outside tolled
the hour of need. Their chimes
rang above his voice. The rest
of the court was deathly silent.
Judge Kaufman set the week of
May 21 for the executions. Since
the sentence was pronounced in
New York, the Rosenbergs will go
to the electric chair in line with
* * *
HOWEVER, BOTH Rosenbergs
have said they will appeal their
jury conviction of last week. Such
an appeal could delay their exe-
cution for many months and might..
even save their lives if successful.,
The third defendant, Sobell, a
former University student, drew
the maximum prison sentence-30
years. Judge Kaufman-admitting
Sobell's lesser guilt-nevertheless
recommended that he not be parol-
ed and that he serve the full term.
Judge Kaufman put off until
today the sentencing of Mrs. Ros-
enberg's brother, David Greenglass,
29-year-old former Army sergeant.
By The Associated Press
TEL AVIV, Israel-Israeli. war
planes bombed Syrian troops
southeast of the Sea of Galilee last
night in retaliation for the killing
of seven Israeli policemen there
Tuesday, and according to an of-
ficial Israeli spokesman, the bomb-
ing was successful and the Syrians
did not return the fire.
421,681,000 for the armed forces
was asked by President Truman
yesterday, in addition to $41,-
800,000,000 which the Armed
Forces are already authorized
to spend in the present fiscal \
man praised the Senate's troops-
for-Europe resolution yesterday as
new evidence of this country's de-
termination to do its full share in
defending the non - Communist
Phi Gams Fined;
Phi Gamma Delta fraternity was fined $300 yesterday and placed
on social prohibition until the end of the spring semester for an
unauthorized party held on March 17 at 228 S. Thayer, an annex
to the Tower Hotel.
The Office of Student Affairs acting on the decision of the
University Subcommittee on Discipline notified the fraternity of the
fine and the social prohibition period. Prof. William W. Blume of
the Law School is chairman of the subcommittee, a part of the
Student Affairs Committee.
S * * *
"WE AREN'T COMPLAINING and we know that we're in the
wrong," past President Chuck Murry, '51, said last night. "But we
WASHINGTOA - (') - Gen.
Douglas MacArthur has kicked
over the Administration traces
again by applauding a Republican
leader's demand for the use of
Chiang Kai-Shek's Nationalist
troops to open a second front
against the Communists in Asia.
He declared the demand madel
by Rep. Martin of Massachusetts,
Republican leader of the House, is
logical and in accord with the
American tradition of "meeting
force with maximum counter
* *~ *
THE ADMINISTRATION is op-
posed to use of Chiang Kai-Shek's
troops, now penned upon Formosa.
The official position there is that
they are needed for the defense .
of Formosa. Officials also say they
want to prevent a spread of the,
present war beyond Korea. ,
MacArthur wrote Rep. Mar-
tin in reply to a previous letter
from Martin, asking for the
General's reaction to Martin's
Brooklyn Speech Sept. 12. At
that time the Republican leader
called for a second front on the
Chinese mainland and use of
Chiang's forces to set it up,
Martin read the General's re-
ply to the House during debate on
the Draft-U7MT bill.r
IT WAS THE latest in a seriesf
of developments showing a mark-f
ed conflict of thinking between the
Administration here and the Amer-c
ican high command in Tokyo.
What the Administration wouldv
do about it was not immediately r
With this issue the Daily sus-
p e n d s publication for the
Spring Recess. Publication will
resume April 17. r
do think it's a pity to impose a fine
on the entire group for a party
that was attended by a few mem-
bers, unauthorized by the chap-
ter and held outside the house."
The raid which was initiated
by a noise complaint was made
by Ann Arbor police at 9:30 p.m.
Approximately a dozen students
were held by the police at the
scene of the raid while a check
was made with the University
officials. All students were then
released, except for one who was
taken to police headquarters for
The party had been scheduled
to break up at 9:45, 15 minutes
after the actual raid, to make way
for another fraternity party. This
was a first offense for the Phi
* * *
LAST NOV. 15 Psi Upsilon fra-
ternity was given a $2,000 fine for
a similar unauthorized party held
in the chapter house. The frater-
nity was also placed on social pro-
hibition until the.end of the spring
semester in 1951.
A $750 fine and social prohibi-
tion until the end of the 1951
spring semester was imposedon
Phi Chi, a medical fraternity, last
Jan. 9 for an unauthorized out-
Outgoing president Gerald Mehl-
man, '51, heartily endorsed the
Union's "no women through the
front door" policy last night in a
farewell speech at the annual ban-
quet for installation of new offi-
"If we discarded the policy we
would lose a valuable, intangible
part of the Union," Mehlman said.
"The Union has a close affili-
ation with its alumni, and we
believe these men feel strongly
that the front door policy should
be maintained," Mehlman said.
He defended the Board of Di-
ector's refusal Wednesday to sub-
nit the front door policy to an all1
ampus referendum. "We feel there
re better means of determining
nembers' views than this, and we
re making use of these means
t this time," Mehlman said. He
lid not reveal what action is be-t
Special honor keys were
awarded to new board members
Bert Bates, '53L, Bill Peterson,
Grad, Ned Stirton, '51, Joe Pon-
setto, '52 Dent., John Ryder,
'53L, and Joseph C. Hooper,
Also receiving keys were outgo-
ng Union Executive Council mem-
ers Raffee Johns, '51, Ron Mod-
in, '52E, Ned Miles, '51E, Gene
Mesh, '52BAd, Bob Smith, '52, John1
:athe, Bill DesJardins, '50E, Jim
Joran, Fred Ittner, '52, Chuck1
loefler, '52, Larry Ravick, '52,1
teve Marzo, '52E, Chuck Remen, f
52E and Tom Mills. '52.1
TOKYO -()-- Allied troops,
driving as much as eight miles in-
to North Korea, today battled
fiercely with Communist forces
along most of a 40-mile front.
The Communists fought back
from the hills and ridges defending
the North Korean redoubt from
which they are expected to launch
their great spring offensive.
* * *
ACROSS THE LINE on the front
stretching from mountainous cent-
ral Korea to the river valleys north
of Seoul were U.S., British, Greek,
South Korean and Thailand
Elements of four allied divi-
sions were pressing the attack,
designed to keep the enemy off
balance. The advance was slow.
The Reds far behind the fight-
ing lines sent 30 of their swift
jets into aerial combat in north-
west Korea and were repulsed by
only 12 U.S. Sabre jets. At least
five enemy jets were damaged.
ALLIED PILOTS on the prowl
for night convoys heading toward
the front said enemy traffic fell
off sharply last night.
The average for a week had
been about 1,700 enemy vehicles
a night. But last night it was
little more than 1,000. Pilots es-
timated they wrecked 175 enemy
AP Correspondent Leif Erickson
at U.S. Eighth Army Headquarters
said the Allied advance beyond the
38th parallel was slow but steady.
He predicted the whole battle-
front would be shifted into North
Korea shortly. He saidthe Eighth
Army reportedd1,140 Reds killed
or wounded and 39 captured yes-
One American armored column
stabbed nearly eight miles north
of the old South Koreanborder
along the main highway towards
the Red assembly point of Kum-
hwa in the west-central sector.
Resistance varied from light to
Sent to Korea
WASHINGTON -- () - Battle
weary veterans from Korea will
start flowing home this month, re-
placed at the front by fresh troops
from the United States.
Announcing a new rotation
plaA', Secretary of the Army Pace
said yesterday the exchange will
eventually average about 20,000
men a month. The Army estimated
this point would be reached in
The plan calls for the direct re-
turn to the United States of as
many men as possible, particular-
ly in its early phases. Later some
may be shifted to garrison duty in
the Far East Command tempor-
arily on their way home.
* * * *
The powers of dictatorship have temporarily won out
over the principle of freedom of the press.
Argentine Dictator Peron's silencing of La Prensa has
not only stifled one of the most courageous and forthright
newspapers in the world. It has challenged the freedom and
dignity of all mankind.
Today newspapers and radio stations throughout the
nation have scheduled a period of mourning for La Prensa.
On such an occasion, the words of an editorial which appeared
in La Prensa on its 80th anniversary (Oct. 18, 1949) are
'The newspaper cannot be silent nor conceal, much
less approve what it does not believe proper or plausible.
Corresponding to that journalistic duty, which has its
origin in freedom of the press, it is the duty of the authori-
ties-of all authorities from the most burdened to the
most modest-to respect that freedom, the people's free-
dom,,because it is used by them, but at the same time it is
open to the public. And it will not be generally under-
stood that this freedom is respected if newspapers are
deprived of the necessary materials for printing, circula.
tion and distribution, or if their representatives are denied
access to the sources of information.
"Where freedom of the press is ignored or threat-
ened, all other freedoms of the citizens are in danger.
The peoples who have not understood that fact have
paid dearly for their non-comprehension or their in-
By The Associated Press
The House Armed Services Com-
mittee will move to scuttle Draft
Director Lewis B. Hershey's college
deferment plan through an
Amendment to the new draft act'
according to Chairman Carl Vin-
Rep. Paul J. Kilday (D-Tex.)
will offer an amendment to the
bill, which has already received
informal sanction by the commit'
tee, to bar the proposed aptitude
tests and leave college deferments
on the present basis. Rep. Vin-
son said yesterday that the Kil-
day proposal is sound, and predict-
ed that it would be incorporated
into the law.
SOME COMMITTEE sources re-
ported that the change in the
committee's viewpoint arose be-
cause the committee did not rea-
lize when it approved the plan
how liberal it would be or how.
many men could be deferred.
About 800,000 men could qua-
ify for deferment under the new
plan, while only 570,000 are noW
deferred for college training.
Under the proposed plan, draft
registrants who' enter college be-
fore being called by their local'
boards will win deferments if they
make a score of 70 on the aptitude
tests to be set up by Gen. Hear-
shey. The first tests are aiready
scheduled, and tests and forms are
now being readied for distribution
to local draft boards.
THE ADMINISTRATION'S Uni-
versal Military Training proposal
was also the butt of House attack.
By offering to put off a real de-
cision, the Administration might
save the form of a UMT program
and at least get the planning
Chairman Vinson, chief spon--
sor of the combined UMT-Draft
Extension ,bill, made the offer.
He told newsmen he will spon-
sor an amendment to require
later approval by both branches
of Congress before any training
plan goes into actual operation.
As the bill now stands the pro-
gram would be planned by a civi.
ian commission to be named by
the president. The commission
would submit its outline to the
lawmakers. Either house would
have a veto but it would require
affirmative action to turn down
the plan submitted. Otherwise it
would go into effect in60 days.
UNDER VINSON'S new propo-
sal it would require positive appro-
val by both House and Senate, the
same as with a new law, to make
the commission's proposal effec-
Besides the fuller chance to
kill the whole thing, the new
language would give Congress A
chance to make any changes it
desired in the'outline submitted
Under the measure's present
provisions the vote would be on,,'
a take-it-or-leave-it basis.
Commenting on the draft pro-
posal Rep. Ford (R-Mich.) said
yesterday that President Truman's
recent order on college student
deferments would create " a. poor;
* * *
SENATOR Ferguson (R-Mich.)
also protested the order, saying it
sets up "preferred categories."
Ford said the order contains
"serious discriminatory provisions."
In Lansing the State Senate
yesterday condemned President
Truman's "all inclusive" exemp-
4,n *,.. -,n.11.-.. Atsntvt who
High ranking officials from the
seven major airlines now occupy-
ing the University's Willow Rur
Airport met yesterday to discuss
whether they would continue their
contracts with the University ox
move to Romulus Airport ir
The University, currently nego-
tiating with the airlines for re-
newal of the 'contracts,'ws o
represented at the discussion. Air-
line officials declined comment on
the outcome of the meeting but
said it was "preliminary" and in-
dicated that a decision would
probably not be made for two
REPORTEDLY, t h e airlines
were considering the move to
Romulus on the basis of getting
Detroit's major airport closer to
the city in order to save time in
transporting passengers. Most of
E the airlines involved are also be-
lieved to be losing money on their
agreements with the University
which stipulate that the cost of
maintaining the six runways and
two larke hanars ha. hard
TOUR CAMPUS, CITY:
German Visitors Enjoy
A merican Friendliness
The people of Argentina are now paying "dearly
their non-comprehension or their indifference." The
Prensa incident should serve as a danger signal to thinking
people throughout the rest of the world.
.-The Senior Editors
American frankness and infor-
mality have made a hit with six
German visitors who are currently
in Ann Arbor as participants in a
special State Department project.
In this country to survey local
government and democracy, the
group of civic leaders from a small
city in Bavaria expressed wonder
and appreciation at the casual air
which the Americans they have
met have conducted themselves.
* * *
staying at the Sigma Pi frater-
Since they and the one female
traveler, a secretary to a city of-
ficial, arrived here six days ago,
they have been viewing the town,
its civic projects and the Univer-
sity under the guidance of Don
"THE WAY THE Student Legis-
lature meeting was conducted
amazed us," they went on. "Every-
one could contribute when then
STONE OF SCONE SAGA:
IU' Students To Join Scot Crusade
By RON WATTS
Two University students, Paul
'Angus' Campbell, '51BAd, and
Don 'Mac' MacGregor, '52E, have
shaken the moth balls from their
kilts and tuned their bagpipes in
preparaftion to join 3,000 students
from Glasgow University, Scot-
land when they march on London.
when they marrrch on London,"
Campbell said in a strong Scotch
The Hawkshaws of Scotland
Yard have been working stead-
ily since the theft to detect the
whereabouts of the 485 pound
sandstone block. According to
r... *ho.. I., .v a1 *Iho n
moderate Scottish nationalists,"
Prof. William Willcox of the his-
tory department said.
He pointed out that there were
two groups of nationalists, the
moderates and the radicals.
"Any rash British action might
drive the moderates into the
..m..of hQ r- din-..n