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March 25, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-03-25

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Latest De~adline in the pState.

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L. LXI, NO. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 25, 1951

FAIR, WARMER
EIGHT PAGES

Argentine Claims
Atom Discovery
Peron Boasts Country's H-Bomb
Research, Production Superiority
BUENOS AIRES - (I) -- Argentina scientists have produced
Atomic energy by a new method much cheaper than the usual
processes and are investigating problems of the hydrogen bomb,
Sesident Juan Peron announced yesterday.
He said the atomic energy will be developed on a big scale and
P arnessed exclusively for industrial use.
IMPLYING ARGENTINE leadership in hydrogen bomb research,
Ie said the study of solar reactions by a new type apparatus called the
thremotron show foreign scientists are "still far from their goal,"
t least on the basis of what they have published.
< The production of atomic en-

UJ.S. Experts
Dou bt Pero
-tom Claim
WASHINGTON - WP) - Som
tdp-ranking American Scientists
yesterday doubted President Per-
on's claim that Argentina has
rfected a new way of releasing
"controlled" atomic energy on a
1rge scale.
They are Urna Lidel, chief nuc-
ear physicist of the Office o
'aval Research; Ralph Lapp, for-
merly of that office; and Georg
.Gmow, one of the first scientist
to envision the possibilities of a
TIydrogen Bomb.
* * *
PRESIDENT Peron of Argen-
tina has claimed his scientists
have developed a new wrinkle for
producing "controlled" atomic en-
ergy of utilizing "thermo-nuclear
r'action" like those going on in
the sun.
It is this type of reaction that
would be used in the proposed
American Hydrogen Bomb, uti-
4izing an A-Bomb as a trigger
to produce the sun-like temper.
atures estimated as high as
-4200 million degrees.
Lidel told a reporter that even
i~the H-Bomb is perfected, it is
"mprobable that the thermo-
nuclear reaction could be used for
the "controlled" release of atomic
energy for pratcical, peace-time
purposes on any scale other than
d laboratory one.
* * *
LAPP VOICED even a stronger
'iew: .
"There is no controllable fea-
ture in the Hydrogen Bomb
type of reaction," he said. "To
;sustain such a reaction, you'd
have to maintain a temperature
.f at least 100 million degrees,
and to do that you'd have to
Keep exploding A-Bombs."
Scoffing at the Argentina re-
uprt, at least on the evidence pre-
stnted so far, Lapp said: "I'm
surprised the Soviet haven't pulled
tiatf one. Maybe they (Argen-
tina) are trying it on for size."
Gamow declared that on the
tidence so far presented, the Ar-
gentina report now struck him
like "advertising without grounds."
He said it was conceivable that
the Argentinian might have de-
vploped a new method for releas-
ing atomic energy on a "niicro-
seopic" laboratory scale. But he
alded that it is another thing to
do it on a pratcical scale.
. *
ha etor Stlt
Against Ford
Starts Monday
Foley Square will be the scene of
action for Irish tractor-maker
1arry Ferguson's $342.6 million
showdown battle with the Ford
Motor Company starting tomor-
row. "
Setting for many a famous trial
s&pce the end of the war, Foley
Square and the Federal district
courthouse have seen everything
fkm Communists on parade to
big league gangsters.
'ACCORDING to a spokesman
for Ferguson, t h e complaint
against Ford is the "largest civil
l1wsuit ever tried in the United
States," noching startling for the
historic square.
The present lawsuit price fig-
ure, formerly set at $251,000,000,'

ergy is "transcendental for the
future life of Argentina and I
do not doubt of the entire
world," Peron said.
He made the announcement at
a news conference limited to Ar-
gentine newsmen normally sta-
;ioned at his palace, the Rose
House. Foreign correspondents
were excluded.
e A stenographic report was made
s public later.
- Argentine scientists obtained
s "the controlled release of atomic
g energy" through "thermonuclear
a reactions" Feb. 16 at a government
pilot plant on Huemul Island at
- San Carlos de Bariloche, the pres-
f ident said in a prepared state-
- ment.
e* * * .
s AUSTRIAN-BORN Ronald Rich-
ter, 42, one of scores of European,
scientists and technicians who
came to Argentina after World
- War II, was introduced as the cre-1
s ator of the Argentine system.
S Richter told the newsmen,
"For some time Argentina has
r known the secret of the hydro-
gen bomb but in spite of, this
knowledge the president never
asked that hydrogen bombs be
developed. On the contrary, I
have always found a refusal on
Peron's part to make use of this
secret." /
Anerican scientists and perhaps
others also know the secret of the
11-bomb, which theoretically would
s be many times more powerful than
-the atom bomb. The trick is how
r to put it together so it will work.
The scientist, a tall, blond grad-
uate of the University of Prague,
a used the word explosion in refer-
ring to the experiments but speci-
fied that it was not like an atom-
r bomb blast.

Meat Strike
Averted by
Extension
Negotiators Wait
Action by Board
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
threat of an imediate meat-pack-
ing strike was lifted off the sagging
shoulders of the Government's
high commanders yesterday as
they held an important meeting at
the White House on the future of
the controls program.
At Chicago, the CIO Packing-
houes Workers announced an ex-
tension to May 7 of their tentative
wage agreement with the major
meat-packing firms. It was due to
expire today and a strike had been
threatened for tomorow. AFL and
independent unions made a similar
extension Friday.
THE THREE UNIONS and the
companies have agreed on a wage
raise of 11 cents an hour, subject
to approval of the government.
Economic stabilizer Eric Johnston
has refused to allow more than 3
cents of the increase becase the
other 8 cents would breach the
present wage control formula of
10 percent above the level of Jan.
15, 1950.
The meat unions and the com-
panies hope that before May 7
Johnston will have succeeded in
setting up a new Wage Stabiliza-
tion Board, which would decide
whether to grant more than 3
cents in their case.
Johnston attended yesterday's
White House meeting.
So did Defense Mobilizer Charles
Wilson and his general counsel,
Herbert Bergson.
And so did Attorney General J.
Howard MGrath, his top assistant,
Pey ton Ford, and Solicitor General
Philip Perlman.
Everybody was close-mouthed
about the meeting.
'I * * *
PERHAPS the most urgent im-
mediate question of interpreting
the law is whether a formal, public
labor-management conference
must be held .before the Wage.
Stabilization Board can be given
power to settle labor-management
disputes.
Johnston, who has held many
conferences with union and man-
agement men during the last four
weeks, has taken the position that
an agreement reached in such con-
ferences would satisfy the provi-
sions of the law.

UN

Troops

Near

Go-Ahead Given

4 I

Referees Fix
Cage Games,
BettorSays
Big Ten Involved,
Crime Quiz Told
WASHINGTON-(A')-A $1,000,-
000-a-year bettor testified yester-
day that "three, four or five" still-
active basketball referees are be-
lieved in gambling circles to be in-
volved in fixing college games.
The self-described professional
gambler, Sidney Brodson, of Mil-,
waukee, also said he felt "some-
thing was abnormal" about Madi-
son Square Garden games long
before the bribery scandal de-
veloped there.
* * *
BRODSON, slender, smooth-
talking former lawyer, testified be-
for the Senate crime-investigating
committee.
He wasn't asked for and sup-
posedly didn't give the names of
the referees he suspected of be-
ing approachable by fixers.
However, he said at least one is
in the midwestern Big Ten con-
ference and another in the East's
Ivy League.
But the Milwaukee Journal said
Brodson gave the committee names
of teams, players and officials.
"ODDLY ENOUGH," Brodson
said, "these officials are still ref-
ereeing." He referred to the Big
Ten in this somewhat tangled sen-
tence: I-'
"There was one instance in the
Big Ten where, when one par-
ticular referee referees the
games, almost the same situation
as took place in the Garden
developed."
Big Ten leaders "know about
this case," he added.
IN NEW YORK Knneth "Tug"
Wilson, commissioner of the Big
Ten, said:
"In my opinion the integrity of
our officials is beyond suspicion.
We have about 35 officials on
call but none of them is a pro-
fessional refree. They have their
regular work and the officiating
is a sideline. If Brodson has any
definite information I will be
glad to receive it."
Brodson faced the Senators,
microphones and newsreel and
television cameras after another
witness had told of helping get
two Kansas City gangsters out of
jail at the suggestion of a well-
known Kansas City doctor.
The earlier witness was Lew
Farrell, formerly Luigi Fratto,
chubby ex-boxer known in ┬žom
police records as "Cockeyed Louis."
He's a beer distributor in Des
Moines.
S * * *
+ w ,
Entry Fails at
Costello Home
NEW YORK-W)-Three men,
one carrying a gun, tried vmsuc-j
cessfully yesterday to enter the]
18th floor apartment of Frank1
Costello, reputed rackets ruler1
questioned this week by the Sen-
ate Crime Committee,
Costello told the committee-
and millions of television listen-j
ers-that he kept from $40,000 to
$50,000 in cash in the swank nine-i
room uite overlooking Centralj
Park. '
Police s a i d, however, they
learned from Mrs. Cstello that
all "valuables" had been removed,
from the apartment soon ,

BUNNY BOY-Kirk Hampton, two and a half years old, frolics
with his Easter bunny on the eve of Easter. Although he has
looked, he hasn't found any eggs yet.
,* 4 *. *
Winds To RustleIusties
In Fashion Promenade

Egg-clesiastical
GARDEN CITY -(P) -- The
Rev. Wilbert R. Nelson of the
Church of God requested his
congregation to come to Easter
morning services today in over-
als and house dresses.
The pastor explained that
too much emphasis is being put
on new Easter clothes and not
'enough on the Easter miracle.
Pliane with
53, Aboard
Still Missing
SHANNON AIRPORT, Ireland
-(P)-Recovery of an airforce-
type valise yesterday swung fleets
of ships and planes toward a new
sector of the Atlantic in search of
the U.S. Airforce Globemaster,
missing since early Friday with
53 persons aboard.
The valise was picked up by the
international weather ship Char-
lie at 1:30 p.m. 630 miles south-
west of Shannon.- The Charlie was
one of two weather ships which
had previously been sent to an
area 500 miles west of Ireland fol-
lowing reports early yesterday
that flares, wreckage and life-
rafts had been sighted.
* * *
THE VALISE was the first ob-
ject taken from the water as ai
possible clue to the whereabouts of
the huge army transport C-124.
It was found as hopes were fad-
ing for the missing men.
U.S. Coast Guard headquar-
ters in-'Boston said its cutter I
Casco radioed it had picked up
a charred duffle bag, identified
as belonging to one of the
Globemaster's passengers, 550
miles west southwest of Shan-,
non.
The Casco's message said the
bag belonged to U.S. Airforce
Capt. L. E. Rafferty, of .Great
Lakes, Ill., listed among the 53
persons aboard the plane.
Apparently, the Casco was bas-
ed at the international weather
station in the Atlantic designated
as "C for Charlie." Boston Coast
Guard headquarters said the Cas-
co was not at its assigned weather
station when it reported picking
up the bag.
It is possible the Casco may,
have referred to itself simply as
"Charlie" in its message to the
airforce rescue headquarters at
Shannon. The Airforce said the
message it had received gave no
description of the condition of
the bag or any other details.
The differences in reported po-
sitions where the bag was found
could not immediately be explain-
ed but it appeared both messages
referred to the same bag

38th;
To Cross

OK To ross
If Needed --
MacArthur-
Approach Within
Hour of Parallel
TOKYO-{AP)-Allied troops yes-
terday moved less than an hour's
march from Korea's 38h parallel
as Gen. Dougles MacArthur said
they were free to cross at any time
military needs dictated.
Sot th Korean Troops drove up
the east coast highway north of
Kangnung to within less than a
mile of the North-South Korns
boundary.
South Korean patrols in the
past 24 hours have crossed the
parallel several times, the Repub-
lic's army disclosed.
* * *
IN CENTRAL KOREA, north of
Chunchon, other Allied forces
fought Chinese Reds less than two
miles from the border.
In western Korea north of Seoul,
Red forces resisted fiercely from
defenses in depth extending some
15 miles below, the parallel. The
Communists there attempted two
counterattacks today but were
beaten back.
The bitter fighting, some of it
hand-t-hand with bayonets and
frei 'c'es, cost the Reds 3,235 killed
cr wounded and 341 prisoners in
gr urd action.
ALLIED PLANES in record
Inumbers added to the toll. Carrier-
based pilots estmated in one area;
attack north of Seoul they ac-
counted for 60 to 80 per cent of the
hill-entrenched Communists.
There was hard fighting along
12 miles of a ridge front north
of Seoul. The action, extended
eastward from a point northwest
of Uijongbu. That Alied-held
highway town is 12 miles north
of Seoul.
U.S. troops fought all day before
driving elements of twoRed bat-
talions from the first line of ridges
north of Uijongbu.
* * *
BELGIANS and Americans dug
the Communists out of camou-
flaged caves northwest and north-
east of Uijongbu while advancing
more than half a mile.
The Communists' positions
continued northward in depth
across the 38th parallel into
North Korea.
Twenty miles northwest of Seoul,
where 3,300 paratroopers dropped
at Munsan, Friday, surprised ele-
ments of the North Korean First
Corps were giving themselves up.
Twenty-seven were captured in
one brush. sixty-four surrendered
after a fight south of Munsan.

Sorltd News

By The Associated Press
GRAND RAPIDS-Sen. Arthur
Vandenberg (R-Mich), seriously
ill at his home here, was reported
as resting fairly comfortably yes-
i Four Talks
Will Continue
PARIS - (P) - The Big Four
Deputy Foreign Ministers decided
yesterday to continue their dead-
locked discussions here into next
week, by which time Soviet Depu-
ty Andrei Gromyko may - have
fresh instructions on the Krem-
lin's attitude toward a top-level
conference.
A French spokesman said it
seemed obvious from the "long
propaganda filibuster" of Gromy-
ko in the deputies' 17th session
that he had not yet received re-
cent instructions from Moscow.
The Four will gather again
Tuesday-and it may be the last
try to arrange an agenda for a
foreign ministers' conference on
international tensions.
While there was little indica-
tion here of success of the Depu-
ties' Conferences, a Berlin report
quoted Soviet sources as saying
the meetings have followed a
"satisfactory course."

terday, but his general condition
remained unchanged, Dr. A. B.
Smith said.
WASHINGTON - Republicans
had a campaign under way yes-
terday to get White House aide
Donald Dawson on a witness stand
before the Fulbright subcommittee.
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina-
Police are still hunting for Al-
berto Gainza Paz, editor of the
government-seized independent
newspaper La Prensa, who has
been declared a fugitive from
justice.
.* * *
PARIS - French rail strikers
were flocking back to work last
night, spurred by a government
pledge of wage raises.
* * *
NEW DELHI, India - The
newspaper Statesman reported
yesterday that religious rioting
broke out in three towns of
northern India as Hindus cele-
brated the second day of their
"Holi" festival.
.* * *
CAIRO, Egypt-King Farouk I
"has decided by God's will" to
marry 17-year-old Narriman Sa-
dek May 6, a palace announce-
ment said yesterday.

High winds and frosty tempera-
tures were expected to rustle the
brand new bustles of early church-
goers this bright Easter morning.
Local women's clothing store
managers however, doubted that
very many co-eds would be com-
pletely clad in, new Easter outfits.
* * *1
BEMOANING the early date of
Easter this year, they asserted that
the cold weather, especially during
the last week, had decidedly in-
jured their sales.
"However,' one women's shop
manager said, "for the early spring
Army To Call
150 Seniors
:
From ROTC
Approximately 150 University
seniors enrolled in the Army Re-
serve Officer Training Corps will
be called into active service this
summer, according to Maj. George
E. Rippey, Public Information Of-
ficer of the ROTC unit on campus.
Under the new order released
Friday by the Army, one-third of
the graduates will be called in July,
one-third "in August and the last
third, in September.
Maj. Rippey pointed out that
the new order affects only seniors
presently enrolled in the ROTCr
presently enrolled in the ROTC
program and due to graduate in
June. ROTC graduates of previous
years wil continue in their present
status as Reserve officers subject
to immediate call when wanted. .
Maj. Rippey added that the call
is partly intended to fill the need
inductees. It has been under con-
for more junior officers to train
sideration for several weeks, he
said, but was not announced until
approved by the Manpower Com-
mission.

season, we consider business quite
good."
"Dresses and accessories seem
to be very popular among the
women students." she continued.
"Even hat sales have been high,
considering that only 25 per cent
of the women wear them."
i With the mercury expected tat
rise little during the day, most
wonen plan to combine bonnet-
type Easter hats with winter coats.
* * *
JUDGING FROM sales in the
Slocal flower shops, women in Ann
Arbor and back home can expect
a corsage to top off the Easter out-
fit. The traditional lily still ranks
high among the favorites for par-
ents.
It also looks as if very few
people are planning to wear the
old outfit. The dry cleaning es-
tablishments have noticed no
surprisable increase in cleaning
business, but do expect a wave of
cleaning next week.
Local restaurants are preparing
for a large number of dinner
guests. Most of them will be fea-
turing ham and lamb dinners in
addition to the usual bill of fare. 4
* * * *
"MEN, HOWEVER, don't seem
to regard Easter as the high point
-of the fashion year," a haberdash-
V

'ON Tb THE MAINLAND':

* * *

Church Services
SUNRISE SERVICES
Wesleyan Guild, First Metho-
dist Church, 6:30 a.m.
Baptist Student Center, 520
E. Huron, 6 a.m.
St. Andrews Episcopal Church,
306 N. Division, 7 a.m.
Congregational, D i s c i ples,
Evangelical and Reformed
Guild, 438 Maynard, 6:45 a.m.
Presbyterian Church, 1432
Washtenaw, 5:30 a.m.
SPECIAL CHURCH EVENTS
Wesleyan G u ild - Special
Easter service, 6:30 p.m.
First Baptist Church, 512
Huron-showing of "King of
Kings", 7 p.m.
Congregational, Reformed
Guild-Easter music program,
7:30 p.m.,
Lutheran Student Associa-
tion at Zion Lutheran Church,
309 Washington - Easter pro-
gram, music and meditation,
5:30 p.m.
Presbyterian Church-uild

U.S. Denies MacArthur
Beat China' Statement

WASHINGTON-.0P)- The Ad-
ministration disassociated itself
yesterday from Gen. Douglas Mac-
Arthur's declaration that the Unit-
ed Nations can destroy Red China
if it expands its military opera-
tions to attacks on the Chinese
mainland.
The Administration's hands-off
A- Zone May
Be Extended
A movement now underway may
result in League houses being in-
cluded in the newly formed A-1
house group zone, according to
TSr. A T n nnn ,o nf

attitude-indicating some disap-
proval but falling short of real
disavowal or rebuke-was express-
ed in two ways.
1. State Department'officials
said in response to reporters 'in-
quiries that so far as they could
determine Gen. MacArthur's
statement was not cleared in
Washington before he released it
in Tokyo.
2. A department press officer,
Reginald Mitchell, issued a care-
fully worded statement which
hadbeen under preparation for
several hours.
It offered no support to any-
thing Gen. MacArthur had said
and emphasized that political is-
sues beyond his responsibility as
mil-a - nn .wt - - _a _ . .._ niii

BUS AD SCHOOL FOUNDER:
Edmund Day's Death Evokes Faculty Tribute

The death of Edmund Day,
founder of the business adminis-
tration school. brought expressions

years he has made a significant
contribution to higher education."

to work with the Laura Spelman
Rockefeller Memorial and later

"an educator and administrator
of broad vision, a man of highest

I

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