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March 20, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-03-20

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SEGREGATED SERVICE
See Page 4

LDk

Latest Deadline in the State

CLOUDY, CO

VOL. LXI, No. 116 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MARCH 20, 1951,

SIX PAGES

S

Troop Issue
Spit Blamed
On Truman
Senator Claims
Prestige Low
WASHINGTON - (P) - Sen.
Knowland (R-Calif) said yester-
day that much of the difficulty in
solving the troops-for-Europe is-
sue arises from "the greatly dim-
inished confidence the nation has
in the' President of the United
States."
He told the Senate the dispute
+ between President Truman and
Congress over authority to deploy
American troops abroad must not
be allowed 'to paralyze the na-
tion's foreign policy during the
next two "critical years."-
"WITH THE statesmanship and
leadership in the administration
and in Congress," Knowland said,
"We have a chance here and now,
by negotiation and debate, to
hammer out a foreign and mili-
tary policy that will have continu-.
ity after the presidential election
in 1952." e
But at th same time, Sen.
Lodge (R-Mass) pressed for ac-
tion, declaring that any delay
would be "tampering with the
security of the United States."
The measure under debate ap-
proves Truman's plan to send four
more divisions of ground troops
into the international army being
raised in Western Europe. It also
provides, however, that Congress
authorize any further deployment
of American troops there.
SEN. JENNER (R-Ind) told the
Senate a "small inner cabal" was
*planning the nation's destruction
"Our problem is not the tired
titan from Missouri," Jenner
said, "it is the cold, clever, ruth-
less men about him."
We are being governed by peo-
ple who have a blueprint for our
destruction and we are right on
the time table," Jenner declared.
JENNER said Congress must
find a way to make sound foreign
and military policies "because we
cannot trust the executive branch
of our government to do it."
He called for a defense plan
resting on "unsinkable aircraft
carriers in England, Libya and
Japan.
Both Republicans and Demo-
crats demanded clarification of
the Congressional approval clause.
Their dissatisfaction with its
language dampened administra-
tion hopes of getting the resolu-
tion passed this week.
Chi Psi House
Blaze Damage
Put at $5,000
A slow fire which smoldered for
a little over an hour Saturday
night in the Chi Psi fraternity
house resulted in damages, esti-
mated at from $5000 to $10,000,
House Manager Jack Kausch, '52,
reported yesterday.
The blaze started around 11
p.m. At that time most of the
members of the fraternity were
attending an initiation party in
Detroit with their alumni.
The fire was apparently start-
ed by cigarette ashes falling in a
couch in the living room. The

sofa caught fire and burned ap-
proximately 45 minutes before it
was discovered by two of the
alumni and one of the active
members returning early from De-
troit.
Substantial damage was done
to the carpets in the living room,
and the floorboards were consid-
erably charred, Kausch said. How-
ever, most of the loss resulted
from the dense smoke which the
fire gave off.
The walls and ceiling were
blackened by the sooty fumes,
which pervaded the whole house
and made it almost unlivable Sun-
day, Kausch said.
The house and all personal ef-
fects and furnishings in it were
fully insured, he said, so that there
was no financial loss to the fra-
ternity.
IFC To R eturn

Council Passes
A-i ZonigPlan
Fraternities, Sororities, Co-ops
To Be Included in Special District
By VERNON EMERSON
The Ann Arbor Common Council last night passed the long pend-
ing amendment to the city's zoning ordinance that will establish a
special A-1 fraternity-sorority-co-op district.
Although the ordinance itself was okayed by a large majority,
12 to two with one abstention, plenty of warm words were exchanged
around the council table before the final vote was taken.
AS IT WAS passed the new zone, which will roughly extend from
Forest St. to Oswego St. and Geddes Rd. to Cambridge Rd., will cut

Allies

Make

'Substantial'

Gains

In Korea,

Gen. cArthur Says

4->

West Europe
Begins Coal',
Steel Plan
PARIS-(A')-Six West Euro-
pean nations yesterday initialed
the Schuman Plan to abolish their
national frontiers in the coal and
steel industries.
The ceremony took place at noon
at the French Foreign Ministry
more than 10 months alter it was
proposed by French Foreign Minis-
ter Robert Schuman and nine
months after the arduous negotia-
tions began among France, West-
ern Germany, the Netherlands,
Belgium, Luxembourg and Italy.
, * *
THE SCHEME to pool the six
nations' steel and coal production
must still be ratified by the six
parliaments against much opposi-
tion.
Moreover, it would go into busi-
ness without Britain who objected
to putting her basic industries,
producing 16,000,000 tons of steel
and more than 214,000,000 tons of
coal annually, under "supranation-
al authority."
But the plan to create a single
market of 150,000,000 people for
the multi-billion industry is
strongly backed by the United
States,
Student Shoots
Iran Educator
TEHRAN, Iran-(P)-A Moslem
divinity student, said by police to
be vengeful at being caught cheat-
ing at an examination, chased and
gravely wounded Iran's former
education minister in an assassin-
ation attempt yesterday.
The former minister, 46-year-
old Dr. Abdul Hamid Zanganeh,
president of Tehran University
Law Faculty and a close friend of
assassinated Premier Ali Razmara,
was felled on the law school steps
by a single bullet in the back.
The gunman, identified as Nus-
tratullah Abdul Hossein Qumi,
surrendered to police. Authorities
began investigating whether he
had links with the Tudeh (Com-
munist) Party-a bitter enemy of
Zanganeh-or the fanatical Na-
tionalist Moslem sect, Fadayam
Islam, whose ranks produced the
assassin of Premier Razmara 12
days ago.
Zanganeh had not been involv-
ed in the controversy over nation-
alization of Iran's oil industry
which is believed to have moti-.
vated the slaying of Ramzamara.

into the exclusive A and AA resi-
dential zones. Group dwellings
will henceforth be prohibited from
entering these two zones, although
they are free to build in the new
A-1 area as well as lower class
zones.
Nine fraternities now in the
A and AA districts will be per-
mitted to remain there as non-
conforming units. This means*
that they will only be allowed
to expand their present facilities
after obtaining permission of a
Board of Appeals.
And these groups may not dis-
continue the operation of their
houses for more than 90 days. If
they do so they will forfeit the;
right to exist as non-conforming
units.
THE COUNCIL passed a special
ordinance last night, however,
which will make the 90-day clause
non-operative in the case of a
national emergency.
The hottest issue of the meet-
ing was whether or not co-op-
eratives should be allowed to
move into the A-i zone. Al-
though Alderman John Dobson
said he opposed the move be-
cause many of his constituents
had complained that these
groups would not keep their
property in good condition, Al-
derman Arthur. Bromage saidI
excluding co-ops would be dis-
crimination.
Others supporting the measure
said that as these houses are gov-
erned by the same rules as fra-
ternities and sororities, it would
border on illegality to leave them
out of A-1. The amendment was
passed nine to five with one ab-
stention.
. * *I
COUNCIL MEMBERS okayed
minor changes in the zone's
boundaries to even them off. But
they refused to approve an
amendment that would have in-
cluded in the new zone the pro-
posed site of Alpha Epsilon Phi's
new sorority house.
After hearing several letters
of protest from residents in the
area-the property is on Cam-
bridge Rd. between Hill and Day
Streets-the council rejected
the proposal by a voice vote.
Renee Pregulman, '51, president
of A E Phi, termed the measure
unfair. "We purchased that prop-
erty in good faith more than a
year ago. At that time we found
no opposition at all from resi-
dents there."
SPEAKING FOR the Univer-
sity, Dean of Students Erich A.
Walter, said that he was favorably
impressed wit the results of the
meeting. He noted however, that
it was unfortunate that League
houses could not also be included
in the new ordinance.
The question of League houses
being allowed into the zone in the
future was referred to the ordin-
ance committee for consideration.

Comm it tee
To Continue
RFCProbe
Group To Hear
Murray,_Casey
rASHINGTON - UP) - Chair-
m a n Fulbright (D-Ark) an-
nounced last night that his Senate
Banking subcommittee will con-
tinue indefinitely its investigation
of an alleged "influence ring"
operating around the Reconstruc-
tion Finance Corporation.
Fulbright said the subcommittee
will hear testimony next weeki
from Senator Murray (D-Mont),
who demanded an opportunity to
be heard, and from former Rep.
Joseph E. Casey (D-Mass).
MURRAY'S NAME figured in
the current inquiry in testimony
that he plugged for a $1,000,000
RFC loan to the Sorrento Hotel
in Miami Beach, Fla. The testi-
mony brought out that Murray's
son, James, received $21,000 in
fees for acting as attorney in the
Sorrento case, and in other RFC
loans in the Florida resort center.
Murray has defended his action
as "routine" and in line with "es-
tablished congressional practices."

{
i
J
1

Censorship
Hides Extent
Of Advances
Troops Within
17 Miles of 38th
TOKYO - (P) - Allied troop,
made "substantial" gains again*
retreating Reds in West-Central
Korea yesterday, .General Mac-
Arthur announced today.
Extent of the advances wag
cloaked in censorship. United
States Eighth Army headquarters
still would not permit pinpointing
of United Nations forces less than
17 miles from the 38th parallel
* * * -
SPOKESMEN for the Eighth
Army announced the capture in-
tact of Chungbyong Reservoir and
power station 15 miles northeast of
Seoul. It was taken three days ago
and United Nations troops have
advanced beyond it, headquarters
said.
MacArthur's communique,
covering the'24 hours up ti 6
a.m. today, said his forces ad-
vanced also on the east-central
front Monday. Both fronts were
described as "relatively quiet."
Red opposition ranged from light
to none at all.
Allied planes in record numbers
swept north all the way to Korea's
border and attacked the Reds'
war-making potential as soon as
supply vehicles crossed the Yalu
river from Manchuria.
* * *

-Daily-Malcolm Shatz
CRIME AT THE {UNION--A portion of the 250 TV viewers, who assembled at the Union at 4 p.m.
yesterday, take in every word of William O'Dwyer's testimony. Union General Manager Frank
Kuenzel estimated that more than 1,000 persons viewed the hearings yesterday. "This is 20 times
as many as usually watch a baseball game," he commented.
* * * * * * * *
Part inGraftuCampus Abandons Books
} . -. --- 12 -. ^ C . -n- - .. - -- -_ -.d.s rM-- .f. I

1

In other developments: 1 U ILU
1. Former Congressman Casey '
resigned yesterday as congression-
al liaison man for Economic Sta-
IBy Costello
bilizer Eric Johnston. Casey wrote
Johnston he was stepping out "to
relieve you of any unmerited em- NEW YORK - 0) - Racketeer
barrassment" in connection with Frank Costello admitted to Senate
the RFC probe. b terd that he
s * * crime probers yesteray tat h

'ForP 11e51 tL1LvteT I eCaL

rti

CASEY TOLD the subcommit-
tee a week ago that he invested
$20,000 in a deal in surplus gov-
ernment tankers and made a
profit of $250,000. He denied any-
thing improper.
2. RFC Director C. Edward
Rowe testified President Tru-
man appointed him to the RFC
in August, 1950, with orders that
the big federal lending agency,
already under fire, "needed to
be cleaned up."
3. Chairman Fulbright and his
subcommittee sharply questioned
Rowe and RFC Director Walter L.
Dunham behind closed doors on
theiraconflicting testimony about
an alleged move to get Dunham
to resign.
* .*
DUNHAM SWORE Rowe tried
to make him a "goat" of the Sen-
ate inquiry. Rowe hotly denied it.
Saying that copies of the testi-
mony are being furnished to the
Justice Department, Fulbright
told newsmen:
"When the committee can't find
out the truth, it's a pretty serious
matter."
World 1ews
Roundup
By The Associated Press
GRAND RAPIDS - Dr. A. B.
Smith reported "no change" late
yesterday in the condition of Sen.
Arthur H. Vandenberg.
HAVANA - Former President
Ramon Grau San Martin and 10
of his 1944-48 administration as-
sociates yesterday faced trial in
the most sensational fraud case
in Cuban history -- they are
charged with stealing or misap-
propriating $40,000,000.
LONDON -- Britain and thej
United States have agreed on
the main points of a soft peace
treaty aimed at resoring Japan
as a strong, non-Communist na-
tion tied to the west, official
sources reported yesterday.

pulled
friend
Hall.

strings to put a Democratic
at the head of Tammany

Earlier ex-Mayor William
O'Dwyer had admitted to the Sen-
ate Crime Investigating Committee
-that he probably got help from a
Costello henchman in the 1945
mayoralty campaign.
* * *
O'DWYER SAID the Costello-
linked assistance was not his idea
and there was no payoff to the
Costello gang after he was elected.
O'Dwyer's helper was Irving
Sherman, a missing witness sought
by the committee for six weeks.
As the hearing adjourned late
last night, Sen. O'Conor (D-Md.)
said Sherman might be called
tomorrow-the first tipoff that
he finally may have been locat-
ed. The rest of the committee
would not say officially if this
was so.
Sherman has been described as
a campaign helper of O'Dwyer at
the same time he was a close pal of
Costello.
WITH THIS testimony in front
of them, the committee sent
O'Dwyer and Costello home for the
night and directed them to return
today.
Then it plunged into a sepa-
rate inquiry on Jersey water-
front racketeering and gambling
across the Hudson River from
New York-in the first night
session of the drama-packed
week-old public hearings.
Besides conducting the hearings
yesterday, the Senate Crime In-
vestigating Committee decided
against returning to Detroit for
another hearing.

By HARLAND BRITZ
Ann Arbor has gone crime con-
scious and television is the reason.
At the expense of their books,
their women and their other cam-
pus activities,,the University men
have taken to the Kefauver crime
hearings on televsion like nothing
TV's given them before. That in-
cludes the World Series and wres-
tling, according to Frank Kuenzel,
Union General manager. "We had
about 1,000 people here yesterday
and that's 20 times as many as
watch a baseball game," he added.
* * *
ABOUT 250 PERSONS were
crowded into the Union tap room,
at one time, yesterday to watch
Ambassador William O'Dwyer tes-
tify. Fraternity houses reported
AIM Decides
To Endorse
Independents
Continuation of the campus
election policy of active backing
of "qualified" independent can-
didates was endorsed by the As-
sociation of Independent Men at
a meeting last night.
The system of publishing a list
of all independent candidates
seeking campus office, which last
semester elected independents to
more than half of the Student
Legislature positions, will again
be followed.
"What AIM is doing is to en-
courage qualified independent can-
didates to run, not only for SL,
but for Union and other all cam-
pus offices. It is not AIM's policy
to extend blanket support to all
independents, but rather to point
out the qualifications of each in-
dependent candidate," Dave Pon-
itz '52, president of AIM said.
AIM also restated its policy of
not backing fraternity pledges,
regardless of whether they live in
I the residence halls.

groups of ten to twenty -campedj
before their sets from 9:30 a.m.
to 6 p.m. when the hearing usually
ends.
The situation is different with
the women students. While
men's dorms, fraternity houses
and the Union tap room report
record TV audiences, women's
dorms and sorority houses don't
seem to have been bitten by the
Kefauver bug.' However, few
women's residences have televi-
sion sets.
When asked what attraction the
hearings have for the 15 million
Americans that were estimated as
viewing yesterday's session, Prof.-
Wilbert J. McKeachie of the psy-
chology department said that they
do so for the same reason that
children read fairy tales and see
cowboy movies.
* * *
"VIEWERS of the crime hear-
ings are releasing tension," he
pointed out. "They identify them-
selves with the villains and the
heroes, prjecting both their social
and anti-social viewpoints."
Most of the televiewers expressed
agreement with the purpose and
the methods that Senator Ke-
fauver and his committee are us-
ing in their nation-wide investga-
tion of organized crime.
But one student, Jay Allen, '51,
felt that television of the hearings
was not such a wise move. "The
people under investigation, even
though they are allegedly gang-
sters," he said, "have families and
friends. These innocent people can
be seriously hurt by the expose."
Ushers Requested
For Union Opera
Mark Sandground, head usher
for the Union Opera, wants 13
ushers for the production on
March 28, 29, and 30.
Anyone interested may call the
Union Opera office between 3 and
5 p.m. or contact Sandground at
2-8809 after 7 p.m.

THE REDS were observed dig-
ging new defense positions near
the 38th parallel on both sides of
the peninsula. But it was not de-
termined whether these were for
a stand or delaying purposes.
AP Correspondent Leif Ericson
at Eighth Army Headquarters
said, defenses on the west were
spotted east of Uijongbu. Uijong-
bu is 12 miles north of re-occu-
pied Seoul and 18 miles south of
the 38th parallel.
Eighth Army spokesmen esti-
mated 750 Chinese and North Kor-
ean Reds were killed or wounded
in ground action Monday. They
were added to the more than 176,-
000 casualties inflicted on the Reds
since the Allied offensive opened
Jan. 25.
Allied tank-infantry patrols
Monday ranged miles ahead of
five powerful Allied columns in
strong positions 17 miles below the
38th parallel.
Few Election

I

NO AGREEMENT HERE:
YR Politicos Clash Over
GOP-Dixtecrat Merger

Petitions Out
Deadline Near'
Tomorrow is the last day to
pick up student election petitions,
and at last report the number al-
ready out is unusually small.
Only two people have taken out
petitions for the post on the Board
in Control of Intercollegiate Ath-
letics, and one is a woman,. ac-
cording to Spider Webb, '52, chair-
man of the Citizenship Committee
of the Student Legislature.
If all the petitions taken out
so far are returned, there will be
at least 45 candidates for the ap-
proximately 25 vacant SL seats.
Eighteen J-Hop petitions are now
circulating, and nine second-se-
mester sophomores will be elected
to that committee.
Class officers for each engineer-
ing college class and for the lit-
ei~ary college seniors will also by
chosen in the elections April 24
and 25.
Webb said that petitions would
be available in the SL House,
122 S. Forest from 3 to 5 p.m.
today and tomorrow. They must
be turned in by Friday.
'Military Matters'

By CAL SAMRA
Two Young Republicans yester-
day threw down their gages and
swting into a verbal battle over
the feasibility of a Republican-
Dixiecrat coalition.
The argument was prompted by
a report that Young Republicans
from southern colleges, in an an-
nual conference, had endorsed , a
GOP coalition w i t h Southern
Democrats as a means of electing
a Republican president in 1952.

"THE NORTHERN STATES,"
he continued, "would turn away
from the GOP if there is a coali-
tion, and so would a lot of liberals.
I know I wouldn't vote for them
myself."
Halby, in turn, pointed out
that there are no basic differ-
ences between the Republican
Party and the Dixiecrats, other
than civil rights.
Cargo, however, proposed an al-
ternt nUan He contended that

PROBLEM WITH WINGS:
Taking Crow AI ters Life of Student.

By MARY LETSIS
A talking crow with a yen for
peanut bars and a laugh like Gil-
dersleeve's almost cost Hank Mel-
ton, '52 NR. the roof over his head.

with him-but no soap. Finally
my peanut bars did the trick; he
gulped them down and we were
soon bosom-buddies."
But trouble flew in when the

could laugh just like Gilder-
sleeve. He says, 'Hello, hello,
crow!' and mumbles baby talk,
too."
But even this talking spree of the

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