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March 08, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-03-08

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See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State












IFC To Ask
Removal of
Time Limit
Will Take Appeal
To Pres. Ruthven
The Inter-Fraternity Council
House President's Assembly last
night voted to appeal to University
h resident Alexander Ruthven for
avetofthe bas clause ielmt
The 1956 limit for removal of
fraternity discriminatory clauses
wst dvoted lstaNovemberabypthe
sStudent Legislature and approved
last Tuesday by the Student Af-
fairs Committee. The President of
the University must in turn ap-
prove it before it takes effect.
THE MOTION passed by the
IFC stated that it agreed with the
goals of the time limit, but object-
ed to the methods by which these
Agoals were to be achieved.
The IFC felt that its long-
range program of research and
education, conducted through
the Group Dynamics Center,
would accomplish more in real
elimination of prejudice than
any solution forced upon them
from outside.
Real progress has been made in
this direction,it was pointed out.
Since the discrimination contro-
versy came into the open two years
ago, 6 out of the 20 fraternities on
campus which had discriminatory
. clauses have removed them with-
out any official University pres-
* * *
A LETTER requesting removal,
postponement, or reconsideration
of the time limit ruling will be sub-
n #tted o President Ruthven in a
couple of days by the Human Re-
lations Committee of the IFC, ac-
cording to Pete Johnstone, '51,
committee chairman.-
Alternative proposals were dis-
cussed by the IFC before adop-
tion of the plan to appeal. The
principle suggestion was that the
IFC might accept the SAC ver-
dict and make the best of it by
requesting that the University
allow them to administer the
time limit.
This was discarded, however, on
the grounds that the IFC would
be taking upon themselves a re-
sponsibility which might prove
very uncomfortable when it came
to the point of passing judgment
on the houses.
Another point brought out from
the floor was that before the local
deadlines are reached, time limits
in at least six other colleges will
have expired.
Important precedents will have
been set, IFC members said, both
as to whether the individual col-
lege will go through with its threat
to expel offending fraternities
from the campus, and whether the
courts will recognize the legality of
such a move by a college.
f Y *
Bias Motion
Brings Mixed
Student Views
With the Inter-Fraternity Coun-
cil still strongly opposed, Stu-
dent Legislature members general-
ly supported the Student Affairs
Committee approval of the SL's
bias clause resolution.

"The SAC has made a wise
choice, but the big job still lies
ahead," SL member Bill McIn-
tyre, '53, declared. "The IFC will
have to initiate a practical human
relations program, while the job
of the SL is public relations-by
that, I mean, they must explain
and sell this new resolution to the
IFC President Bob Vogt, '51, re-
marked that he thought the SAC
action "a mistake." "The bias
clause as it now stands will not ac-
complish the desired end as well
as the IFC educational program
which has been carried on by the

Senate Limits
Armed Forces
Four Million Man Ceiling Added
To Bill for 18-Year-Old Draft
WASHINGTON-(RP)-The Senate voted yesterday for a man-
power limit of 4,000,000 on America's armed forces.
That gives the military a leeway of half a million men over the
figures they have talked about in public, but applies a curb which
they have said might be a danger in emergency.
* * * *
THE CEILING PROVISION was written into a pending bill for
a draft of 18-year-olds now and Universal Military Training in the
Action followed a brief, sharp debate over whether there
should be any formal limit at all in this time of international
* * * ' tension. It came shortly after

College Draft
Plan Spurred
Draft deferment for top grade
college students moved closer to
reality yesterday when Selective
Service Director Gen. Lewis B.
Hershey submitted the plan to
high government manpower offi-
A national news service reported
that Hershey is expected to an-
nounce the plan soon. It calls for
deferment of deserving students,
based on class standing and a
college aptitude test.
* * .
UNDER TERMS of the proposal
more than one million men would
be tested. Those who receive the
equivalent of 120'oflthe old armed
forces classification test would be
allowed to continue their studies.
In addition, freshmen in the up-
per half of their class this year,
sophomores in the upper two
thirds and juniors in the upper
three quarters would be deferred.
Announcement of this scheme
is expected to slow down the
trend of voluntary enlistments
of college students, because
many of them would be allowed
to remain civilians for another
The proposal, which stems from
the recommendations of a selec-
tive service advisory committee,
carries the endorsement of most
GEN. HERSHEY stated that
only one executive approval is
needed for the tests to be printed
and distributed. He explained that
time is becoming an important
factor, because the tests must be
given before the end of the current
school year.
Gen. Hershey personally decid-
ed that both class standing and
test mark would be used as defer-
ment standards. He pointed out
that although some lazy men who
are smart will be deferred, some
hard working students that are
not so smart will be exempted also.
Also, under this plan the smaller
colleges will fare better, he said.

the High Command, led by Sec-
retary of Defense George C.
Marshall, had filed solemnly
worded protests against a pro-
posal to make the lid still low-
In effect the 49-41 roll call vote
put over a compromise. Sen. Morse
(R-Ore.) had originally proposed
a ceiling of 3,500,000 troops, but
Secretary Marshall strongly ob-
jected to this.
Sen. Robertson (D-Va.) then
proposed the four million figure.1
That vote generally followed
warty lines. Forty Democrats
teamed with nine Republicans
for it. In opposition were 35 Re-
publicans and six Democrats.
Secretary Marshall said that any
such limitation as Morse proposed
would be a "direct gamble with the
national security." The present
armed services goal of 3,462,2051
this summer, he went on is "not a
ceiling" but a "minimum."
* * *.
County Drafts
Faced with a dwi ndling man-
Fpowerpool, the Washtenaw coun-
ty draft board yesterday ordered
eight 19-year-olds to report for
induction to fill the county's
March quota of 50.
It was the first group of 19-
year-olds to go from this area
since the start of the Korean war.
Special permission to include these
men was obtained by the draft
board from State Selective Service
headquarters after it became ap-
parent no older ones were avail-
able for call.
Of the total of 50 inducted, two
were 20-year-old University stu-
dents who dropped out of school
in February.
Iranian Premier
Killed by Fanatic
TEHERAN, Iran-(P)-Premier
Gen. Ali Razmara, a tough anti-
Communist whose reform program
was backed by the United States,
was shot to death yesterday by a
religious fanatic at a funeral in a
Teheran mosque.
The assassination was the cli-
max of weeks of political agita-
tion. Communists were not believ-
ed involved.

-Daily-Burt Sapowitch
PRESSMAN pickets Ann Arbor
Press, Maynard Street commer-
cial printers, to help his union's
strike for a wage increase and
a new contract. Strikers amic-
ably let other workers cross the
line and joked with manage-
ment officials.
SL Decides
To Switch
J-Hop mote~
In a unanimous vote, the SL
moved last night to hold the J-Hop
Committee elections in the spring
instead of the fall.
Spider Webb, '52, chairman of
the SL Citizenship Committee, ad-
vised the Legislature to make the
change, particularly for economic
reasons, and to give the commit-
tee more time to get organized. It
was also moved, after considerable
discussion, to elect the committee
by means of a straight X vote, in-
stead of using the Hare system.
* * *
EARLIER IN THE meeting, the
ad hoc Committee to Save Willie
McGee was taken under the wing
of SL
According to an obscure reg-
ulation, any ad hoc committees
must achieve recognition with
the SL before they can operate
on campus. After considerable
discussion as to the exact mean-
ing of the regulation in this par-
ticular case, it was moved:
1. To accept the ad hoc commit-
tee as operating under the SL cab-
2. To recommend to Dean Walt-
er that the committee be recogniz-
ed as connected with the SL.
The Committee to Save Willie
McGee is joining a nationwide
movement to save McGee, a Mis-
sissippi Negro, from execution for
criminal assault. The Committee
maintains there has been a mis-
carriage of justice.
World News
By The Associated Press
PARIS-The Russians demand-
ed an airing of the trouble-some
Trieste situation yesterday as a
condition for putting the Austrian
independence treaty before the
Big Four Foreign Ministers.
* * *
MOSCOW - Finance Minister
Arseny G. Zverev presented to
the Supreme Soviet (Parlia-
ment) last night a budget calling
for an arms expenditure of 96,-
376,000,000 rubles in 1951, which
is equal to $24,094,000,000.
.: . .
PARIS - Henri Queuille, ap-.
peared last night on the way to
forming his second French govern-
ment after spending the evening
in conferences with leaders of
middle road parties in an effort to
form a coalition and end the week-
old cabinet crisis.

Senate Group
OK's Troops
For Europe
Motion Succeeds
By Small Margin
ate committees yesterday ap-
proved sending "our fair share"
of American troops to Europe.
T h e Foreign Relations and
Armed Services committees, sit-
ting jointly, adopted the major
provisions of an Administration
resolution still awaiting their fi-
nal approval. This may come to-
proved the selection - of Gen.
Dwight D. Eisenhower as Supreme
Commander of the Allied Army
in Europe.
As the resolution stands, the
House would not be cut in on
the decision. The resolution
would give Senate sanction to
dispatch of armed forces for
joint defense of North Atlantic
Advocates of action by both
Houses on the bitterly debated is-
sue of stationing American foot
soldiers abroad in a peacetime de-
fense army were expected to press
their point. This might take the
form of a separate resolution, per-
haps dealing with future troop
PRESIDENT Truman already
has announced plans to send four'
more divisions to serve with two
U.S. divisions already in Europe.
They will be assigned to the in-
ternational army being formed un-
der command of Eisenhower. Tru-
man claims the power to deploy
troops as he deems necessary
without direct Congressional ap-
The Administration's troops-
for-Europe clause barely squeaked
The committee also adopted an
amendment making it the "sense
of the Senate" that the President
before taking action to send
ground troops to Europe under
the treaty, will consult with the
Secretary of Defense, Joint Chiefs
of Staff, Gen. Eisenhower and the
Foreign Relations and Armed
Services committees of both
Collazo Given
WASHINGTON - () - A Fed-
eral jury decreed death yesterday
for Oscar Collazo, who stormed
President Truman's home Nov. 1
in the name of Puerto Rican in-
Actual fixing of sentence in a
Federal court is in the hands of
the judge-T. Alan Goldsborough
-but the jury found the little 37-
year-old revolutionary guilty on
two counts of first degree murder.
The law makes death in the elec-
tric chair mandatory on each
such count.
Both the charges were based on
the death of -Private Leslie Coffelt
of the White House Guard, shot
to death in the furious gunplay
outside Blair House on Pennsyl-
vania avenue.
The Government itself conceded
that the actual death bullet was
fired by Collazo's accomplice,
Griselio Torresola, who was slain
in the gunfight, but the jury

agreed with the prosecution con-
tention that participation in the
crime made Collazo equally guilty.

--Daily-$urt Sapowitch
BROWN MEETS G.B.S.-Samuel Schneider (right) presents a
bust of George Bernard Shaw to John Mason Brown, critic and
author who lectured last night. Schneider carved the piece of
wood during the last war while serving in the Navy off Okinawa.
* * * *
Brown Says World Crisis
Harms Modern Writing

"The perpetual crisis which wet
seem torbe in has made it impos-
sible for the writer of today to
find a genuine focus for his tal-
ents," John Mason Brown, critic
and author, said in a lecture last
Bonisteel To
Begin Contest
Today in Union,
Michigan Republicans w ill
launch the election campaign of
incumbent Regent Roscoe Boni-
steel at 12:15 p.m. today at a
luncheon given in his honor inj
the Union Ballroom.
Regent Bonisteel's running mate
for the two contested Board of
Regents posts, Leland Doan, of
Midland, will also be present at
the luncheon.
* * *
unanimous nominations on the
Republican ticket at the party's
Feb. 18 convention in Detroit. Re-
gent Bonisteel, originally a Gov.
Harry F. Kelly appointee, was
named to the ticket early in the
proceedings. Doan, president of
Dow Chemical Co., got the nod
immediately afterwards w h e n
early opposition withdrew.
They will face ex-governor
Murray Van Wagoner and Es-
canaba attorney W h e a t o n
Strom in the April 2 election.
Today's luncheon, sponsored by
the Second Congressional District
Republican Committee, will be
open to the public. Reservations,
at $1.50 a plate, may be secured
by calling Washtenaw County
vice-chairman George Sallabe at
When asked about the Re-
publican Regents candidates'
chances in the coming election
Sallabe was optimistic.
"This is a spring election," he
pointed out, "and these generally
go Republican."
C o u n t y Young Republican
Chairman John Donaldson, '51,
agreeing with his party co-worker,
said the traditionally light vote
cast in spring contests would
probably aid Regent Bonisteel and

"He is trying," Brown contin-
ued, "to take an action photo with
a camera that is not built for
such pictures."
.* * *
"THE IVORY Tower has been
swept away in the surge of the'
continuing crisis," Brown declared.
He admitted that writers in
past times had taken part in
the great events of their periods
and cited Milton, Voltaire and
Goethe as examples.
"But," Brown went on, "they
could choose their causes and
withdraw from them when they
wanted to."
THE CRITIC cited the case of
Goethe who served briefly in the
Napoleonic wars, but soon decided
to quit and seclude himself. There
with war raging on all sides of
him he was still able to complete
some of his best work, Brown said.
"Unfortunately, there is no such
separation center available to the
modern author. Charles Lamb,
another of the literary figures of
the Napoleonic era, was able to say,
'I can not make present times
present to me.' The author of to-
day is caught on the other ex-
treme. The present day events
are so close to him that he can't
make anything of them," Brown
The result of this dilemma,
Brown said, has been the revival
of such authors as F. Scott Fitz-
Brown also expressed his dis-
may at 'another result of the East-
West tension: the growth of hys-
teria. "It is wise to overestimate
the enemy, but we have done this
too much," he said. "If we let
this fear continue it will turn us
into copies of everything we de-
test in the Soviet system.
* * *
had a get-together with an old
war buddy, and received a present.
The friend was Samuel Schneider,
the gift a bust of George Bernard
Shaw which Schneider had carved
out of Hawaiian mahogany.
Schneider, now the head of the
photographic department of a lo-
cal camera manufacturing con-
cern, served with Brown on the
staff of Admiral Alan Kirk in the
Sicilian invasion.

Allies Take
lecord Bag
)f Prisoners
Triple Pronged
Offensive Begins
TOKYO -() - T anks and
roops of the U. S. 25th Division
anned out today from a triple
ridgehead across the Han river
n a flanking drive east of Red-
ield Seoul.
More than 5,000 Chinese were
illed, wounded or captured yes-
;erday as the infantrymen surged
cross the Han in assault boats
fnd established three bridgeheads
.5 miles east of the ancient Kor-
an capital. No other Allied troops
ni the current drive have crossed
,o near to Seoul.
THE POWER - packed push,
which gained up to three miles,
was part of a general Allied at-
ack pressed along a 70-mile front
in west central Korea. Gains else-
where were as much as five miles.
AP correspondent Jim Becker,
across the Han with the 25th,
said the stunned Chinese sur-
rendered in groups. Yesterday's
bag of 204 prisoners was the
biggest one-day haul by a single
division since the war's outset.
Other Chinese fled in panic.
Last night, the Reds managed
nly one counterattack. It was
THIS MORNING, the infantry'.
men began expanding their hold
on the sandy flatlands east of
More than 1,000 Chinese were
killed by American foot soldiers
on the first day of the big oper-
ation. Intense Allied artillery
fire accounted for most of the
remaining 4,000 Chinese killed
and wounded.
General MacArthur was at the
front yesterday when the Allied
70-mile-long attack began west-
ward from the river crossings to
* * *
AT THE east end of the front
an estimated 13,500 North Kor-
eans struck hard at Republic of
Korea troops and drove them back
at least three miles.
These furious attacks and
counterattacks may be a pre-
lude to the expected Chinese
spring offensive, with the Allies
trying to keep the Reds off bal-
ance while the North Ko*Ans
probe for a soft spot in Soui
Korean lines.
Air reports of heavy unidentified
reinforcements moving down into
the area northeast of Pangnim,
where the North Koreans launched
their attack, led some front line
commanders to believe that this
might be the scene of the next
Chinese counter offensive.
Seen in Korea
By MacArthur
SUWON. Korea-(P)--General
MacArthur said- yesterday con-
tinued "limitations upon our field
of counteroffensive action" means
the Korean war "cannot fail" to
end in a stalemate.
But the UN commander predict-
ed the great casualties suffered by
the enemy would shake the Red
China regime and dampen its ardor
for any other "aggressive adven-

tures" in Asia.
MacArthur read his carefully-
worded, statement at a news con-
ference in a tent beside Suwon
airstrip. The conference follow-
ed a three-hour tour of the front
with Lt. Gen. Matthew B. Ridg-
way, Eighth Army commander.
MacArthur said the Chinese
Communists have no more -than
"an almost hopeless chance of ul-
timate military success."
He said on the other hand the
United Nations, barred from at-
tacking Communist war production
in China and without reinforce-
ments, can achieve no more than
continuing stalemate.
MacArthur seemed to suggest
t th eTr.itiA Naiontn u tinn

Students Will A ir Teaching Methods

Students will have a chance to
turn idle gripes about the literary
college's recitation and lecture
course methods of teaching into
constructive proposals for action

department and Prof. Algo D. Hen-
derson of the education school.
Conference meetings, such as
tonight's, are held for the ex-
press purpose of presenting the
Ufcn-vo llnr-aminkt+,ation

cussion, a committee of students is.
formed to summarize what the
views of students were at the meet-
ing. From this summary recom-
mendations for action are formu-
lated and presented to Dean Rob-


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