A QUESTION OF ETHICS
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VOL. LXI, No. 101 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 2, 1951
I New Auto Price
WASHINGTON - (-O) - The
Government last night poked
holes in both its wage and price
ceilings: it approved some "esca-
lator" wage increases and gave
auto manufacturers a 31/2 per cent
1 price boost.
Economic Stabilizer Eric John-
ston liberalized the wage policy by
allowing workers to get full bene-
fit of cost-of-living wage increas-
es up to midyear - but only if
their escalator - type contracts
were signed before Jan. 25.
HE ACTED on his own, because
Shis wage stabilization board was
made nearly useless by the walk-
out of its three labor members.
Organized labor Wednesday
pulled all its members out of the
mobilization agencies, in protest
against alleged "big business"
But Johnston already was mak-
ing cautious moves to set up a
new wage board-with new facesj
and possibly having 18 instead of
nine members-in hopes labor'
would rejoin industry and public
representatives on t h e rebuilt
& * * *
THE AUTO PRICE freeze was
cracked by price stabilizer Mich-
ael V. DiSalle. He said the in-
crease would "partially offset in-
creases in production costs."
DiSalle extended for another
60 days the auto price order of
Dec. 18, with the price boost1
tacked on. Dealers may pass on
Two Names Stand Out in Presidency Speculation
By JIM BROWN
Daily. Managing Editor
Speculation continues to mount here on campus as to who will
succeed President Alexander G. Ruthven when he begins his year-
long retirement furlough next summer.
It was nearly three months ago that The Daily first published
a list of outstanding educators who might be under consideration
for the presidency of the University and it was widely felt at that
time that the Board of Regents would announce their appointee before
the first of March.
As yet, however, there has been absolutely no official indication
as to who President Ruthven's successor will be.
* * * *
ONE POSSIBLE REASON for the delay may have been the un-
fortunate death of Regent Ralph W. Hayward two months ago. The
Board may have felt it necessary to orientate Regent Haywgrd's
successor, Murray D. Van Wagoner, before actually appointing the
Van Wagoner assumed his duties as a Regent more than a
month ago, however, and there still has been no indication as to
when the new president will be announced.
Tight-lipped University officials will only admit that the Re-
gents "are considering the matter extensively." But it is now generally
thought the announcement will come sometime in April.
DURING THE PAST THREE months there have been few new
persons named by local speculators as possible candidates for the
presidency. Nor is there general agreement on any one specific can-
These facts, however, are agreed upon by nearly all faculty mem-
bers, administrators and students contacted:
1. The Board of Regents have already selected President Ruth-
ven's successor but are deferring the announcement until there
is complete unanimity as to the wisdom of their choice within the
2. The man selected by the Regents is not a member of the
University staff. He is at present located elsewhere-probably
at another educational institution.
3. He is a nationally recognized educator and is noted for his
work in some other field-either the physical or the social sciences.
The validity of these "facts" is of course highly questionable
and are admittedly attributable only to local gossip. Several faculty
members and students are still insisting that the next president will
be drawn from within the University staff itself.
But if the facts are correct two persons now stand out as the most
likely candidates to succeed President Ruthven.
* * * *
FIRST, DETLAV W. BRONK, president of Johns Hopkins Uni-
versity. An outstanding physicist, engineer and neurologist, Bronk re-
ceived his doctorate from the University in 1926.
In addition, he is a leading authority on aviation medicine and an
editor of several scientific journals.
It is felt by some, however, that Bronk would be unwilling to
accept the presidency since he has already refused the directorship
of the Phoenix Project and has just instituted a new educational plan
at Johns Hopkins which enables students to pursue their studies as
fast as their abilities will allow.
* * * *
SECOND, JOHN EWART STERLING, president of Stanford Uni-
versity. Sterling, a noted historian, served as the director of Stan-
ford's Hoover War Library from 1932 to 1949. He became president
of Stanford in 1949.
Again, at least one University official has expressed serious
doubt as to whether Sterling would accept the presidency if it
were offered to him.
Ths official pointed out that Sterling has only recently assumed
his duties as Stanford's president-a position which could likely be-
come a lifetime job.
* * * *t
STILL ANOTHER University official intimated that the Board of
Regents' choice for the next president of the University is a man
who has not been previously mentioned as a possibility.
Which leads us to the conclusion that your guess is as good as
Big Four Delegates To Slate Issues
For Later Ministers' Conference
WASHINGTON-(R)-Diplomats of Russia and the Western Pow-
ers will sit down at a Paris conference table Monday-but the United
States expressed open skepticism last night that it would lead to any
easings of world tension.
There is no sign of "any real change" in the Kremlin's attitude,
the State Department said.
* * * *
WASHINGTON - (P) - Presi-
dent Truman indicated yesterday
he wished Congress would quickly
dispose of the troops-to-Europe
issue lest it injure America's re-
lations with her Western allies.
He 'told his news conference
that Congress can debate foreign
policy on anything els4 it .wants
to, but that doesn't mean it helps
relations with the rest of thej
IT ANNQUNCED, however,
* * *
,A- afyvno -"f I- 1 1,- TT 0 T -+-,-
to passenger car buyers only the
exact dollars-and-cents amountJa n.Pc
of the factory rise.
This, DiSalle said, will mean W ill Thw art
less than a 3% per cent rise at
retail. In at least one case it will
enm 1:2J!Q6 ot- b tn Reds -- Djjlles ,
an grneement oy te u.S., Britain, world,
France and Russia to open a . . ,
meeting of foreign minister's dep- THE PRESIDENT declined to
uties Monday to work out a slate discuss the current Senate inves-
of critical issues for later discus- tigatns of the RFC. crimnd
came To .o per cenE-or aoout
half the increase which General
Motors, Ford and some other com-
panies had planned on their 1951,
models before the Government
This is a temporary order, Di-
Salle said. It will be replaced by
a general ceiling formula for all
Johnston's wage move appar-
ently headed off the threat of'
strikes in the auto and other in-
L dustries where "escalator" in-
creases-falling due as of Wed-
nesday in some cases-might have
been voided in part by the wage
WASHINGTON - (A') - Carl G.
Strandlund testified yesterday that
RFC director Walter L. Dunham
aided a "small clique of financial
wolves" who sought to get con-
trol of the Lustron corporation in
a "brazen and open conspiracy."
) Along With Dunham, Strandlund
named the following as leaders in
the purported plot:
E. Merl Young, husband of a
White House stenographer.
Rex Jacobs, Detroit manufac-
Strandlund, who parlayed $1,000
of his own money into a $37,-
500,000 loan from the Reconstruc-
tion Finance Corporation in set-
ting up the non-bankrupt Lustron
corporation, toll his story before
a Senate investigating committee.
WASHINGTON -UP)- Ambas-
sador John Foster Dulles predict-
ed last night the proposed peace
settlement with Japan will "thwart
the Stalin strategy of conquerng
the West via the East" and pos-
sibly loosen the present grip of
Communism on its "captive world."
President Truman's special peace
treaty envoy said it is vital for the
West to mnake Japan a dependable
friend and expressed confidence
this can be done.
"IF JAPAN SHOULD succumb
to Communist aggression, there
would be a combinaton of Russian,
Japanese and Chinese power in the
east which would be dangerously
formidable," he advised.
In a radio speech over CBS
on his recent treaty conferences
in Japan, the Philippines, Aus-
tralia and New Zealand, Dulles
stressed the view that building a
strong bulwark against Com-
muiist aggression in the east
shares importance with liquidat-
ing the Pacific war after more
than five years.
The United States, he said, is
"receptive" to some arrangement
which would assure Australia and
New Zealand, which fear a revival
of Japanese militarism. He sug-
gested this might take the form of
a pledge to consider an armed at-
tack on them as a threat to Amer-
Dulles disscussed the peace terms
with Japanese leaders during hisj
recent visit to Tokyo.'
sion by the Big Four foreign min-
The announcement followed
receipt of a terse note from
Moscow. In it the Soviet Union
reaffirmed its position that the
Western Powers are responsible
for the world's trouble.
But Russia expressed willingness
to hold the Paris talks for a pre-
liminai'y survey of the topics
which the foreign ministers might
later go into in detail.
* , *
THE ARRIVAL of the Russian
note was followed by hasty talks
among the three Western gov-
ernments which resulted in the fi-
nal decision to go ahead with the
Paris meeting. This decision was
disclosed by Michael J. McDer-
mott, State Department press of-
ficer, who said in a statement:
"The Soviet note does not
suggest any real change in at-
titude on their part which
would encourage the hope that
the four ministers would be able
to reach useful agreement."
The Western Powers have sug-
gested that the Big Four should
meet in Washington, provided the
preliminary Paris negotiations re-
sult in agreement on an agenda.
Today Set As
The IFC yesterday reminded
rushees who have not yet regis-
tered for rushing that today is
the last day they may do so.
Rushees may sign up from 3 to
5 p.m. in the IFC office, Rm. 8C
of the Union.
IFC officials reported that ap-
proximately 350 men have signed
He also expressed full confi-
dence in Mobilization Director
Charles E. Wilson and said he
did not consider labor unions'
withdrawal from the Govern-
ment's home front agencies a
The remarks on the troops is-
sue came in response to questions
about a report on Presidential and
Congressional war powers. The
report was prepared by the ex-
MEANWHILE Republican sen-
ators Kem (Mo.) and Bricker
(Ohio) asserted that the decision
on sending more troops to Europe
is one for Congress-not President
As they spoke out on the Sen-
ate floor on thekbitterly debated
issue, Earl Cocke, Jr., National
Commander of the American
Legion, gave Senate committees
a declaration of his support of
the proposal that defense of the
allied nations be backed up with
During yesterday's Senate ses-
sion, President Truman said again
that what he would like to be
"permanently" is Senator Tru-
The President paid a surprise
visit to the Senate to give Vice-
President Barkley a gavel in rec-
ognition of Barkley's long service+
Truman's remark threw a little
more fuel on the Presidential hot'
stove league gossip that what he'd+
like to do in 1952 is run for his
old seat in the Senate.+
V,5"svl:7 v Lic .L14:ti, i Il~r"a, l
Enemy Air Force
TOKYO-(A')-U.S. Marines and
ihfantrymen bumped into hard
fighting today in central Korea
from Chinese Reds believed to be
planning a counter-offensive.
General MacArthur's operation-
al summary acknowledged that
the potential of 31 Chinese and
North Korean divisions lined up
across Korea was still "unim-
paired" despite heavy losses and
shattered supply lines.
The Reds also were showing
signs of risking their air force in
BAYONET - WIELDING Mar-
ines of the first division launched
the second day of attacks north
of Hoengsong in Central Korea
this morning. They rammed into'
heavy enemy resistance on high
U.S. Second Division infan-
trymen, fighting 18 miles south-
east of the Marines front, still
were engaged this morning aft-
er beating off night-long Red
The Marines' attack was aimed
at winning all of 1,500-foot moun-
tain three miles northwest of
Hoengsong. Yesterday their drive
up the wooded slopes was stopped
after a half-mile advance.
The Ieathernecks had to use
bayonets yesterday as they won,
lost and then re-won a nearby
600-foot ridge overlooking the
war-wrecked highway hub of
The U.S. Second Division on the
Marine right flank ran into the
Red counterattacks after telping
to win control of nearly .all the
Pangnum-Hoengsong road. That
is a 24-mile stretch.
* * *
ALLIED PLANES, which have
flown virtually unopposed in the
skies over Korea, bumped into op-
A B-29 Superfort reported it
shot down a Russian-type Mig-
15 jet and damaged another in
a battle over northwest Korea.
They were among six jets which
attacked four Superforts. The
Far East Air Force said all B.
29s returned to their bases.
Front dispatches said the at-
tacks by the leathernecks near
Hoengsong and by Army divisions
generally along the front would
throw the Reds even further off
balancehand probably delay the
new Communist drive expectel
By The Associated Press
MADRID-Stanton Griffis, first
United States Ambassador to
Spain since 1945, presented his
credentials yesterday to General-
issimo Francisco Franco, symbol-
izing resumption of normal diplo-
* * *
BELGRADE - The United
States has apologized to Yugo-
slavia for violation of its air
space by an American military
plane, the Yugoslav government
said last night.
The plane, a two-engined
B-26 fighter bomber, was blown
off course by strong winds Feb.
10 on a training flight from the
U.S. Air Force field at Neubiberg,
Gerniany, to Udine, Italy.
man asked Congress yesterday for
$1,454,000,000 more in cash and
lending power to help speed up
the defense production and civil
* * *
zo calmly related yesterday his
role in the storming of Blair
House Nov. 1, but he insisted he
A MUDDY LOT-A student wields a board to assist Ronnie Raider, '53 and Don Hope, '51, who
found themselves stalled in a University parking lot on Maynard St. opposite Betsy Barbour House.
This lot and another next to Helen Newberry Residence, were constructed last October and need a
year to settle before they are paved, Plant Superintendent Walter M. Ioth said. "People are park-
ing in those lots at their own risk," he warned.
railroad workers won an immedi-
ate 12 cents an hour wage in-
crease yesterday in a settlement
sweated out at an all-night session
in the White House.
arshall Renews Pleas for 18
Year Draft, UMT Approval
WASHINGTON--(P)-Secretary called a "change of atmosphere"
of Defense Marshall pressed anew on the draft issue.
yesterday for Universal Military * * *
Training and a draft of 18 year ONLY TWO MONTHS ago, he
olds told the legislators, the Defense
And he chided the House Armed Department was being criticized
' Services Committee for what he for not asking for four or five
The railroads promptly made Court Asked To
ready to ask another freight rate H
increase as a result of the boostRejeet iss Ap eal
in wages.hieotR ec HisA p a
The pay hike goes at once to WASHINGTON-UP)--The Gov-
non-operating employes, includ- ernment yesterday asked the Su-
ing clerks, machinists, shop work- preme Court to throw out Alger
ers and the like. They have been Hiss' appeal from a perjury con-
getting $1.48 on the average. The viction.
pay boost is retroactive to Feb. 1. In a brief filed with the court,
It is tied to the Government's Solicitor General Philip B. Perl-
cost-of-living index and will go man called an appeals court de-
up again on April 1, possibly four cision affirming the conviction
or five cents. "correct."
up thus far.
million men instead of the force
of 3,500,000 provided for in the
bill now before Congress. He said
the feeling in the committee then
was that the country was not
building its defenses fast enough.
"Today the atmosphere is
quite different," Marshall stated.
"We are not asked how much
more we need, but why we are
asking so much."
While Marshall was urging the
House committee to give uncom-
WASHINGTON - (AO)-- Non-
stop education for men exempted
from the draft to attend college
was suggested to Congress yes-
terday by an Indiana educator.
Frank H. Sparks, president of
Wabash College, broached the
idea to the House Armed Forces
Committee, which is consider-
ing draft law changes.
He said colleges and universi-
ties could condense the normal
four year course into two years
and eight months by eliminat-
ing all vacations and requiring
CLASH OVER CHARTER, PARTISAN ELECTIONS:
Creal, Karsian Campaign for City Council Chairmanship
* * ,,
By VERNON EMERSON
Candidates vieing for the job
of presiding over Ann Arbor's com-
mon council have started the
month-long preelection campaign
by locking horns on several civic
He called for a thorough re-
vision of the charter which he
charged has been amended .only
as the need arose, giving it a
Creal pointed out that a council
est; it makes for better democ-
When it comes to increased
pay for city workers, Creal said
that his stand was clearly re-
corded when he recommended
the pay raises of upwards to 10
provements may come from in-
creased University payments. He
noted that University payments
have grown in the past few years
and pointed tot the increased co-
operation between the school and
wl* ""..".-,*-"-".,-.", -*-