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February 28, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-02-28

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POLITICS & INFLATION
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

CLOUDY, WARMER, WETT

VOL. LXI, No. 99 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 28, 1951

SIX

Infantrymen

Chase

Reds

into

Mountain

Some Wage,
Price Hikes
Imminent
Johnson Orders
Wage Formula
WASHINGTON-(P)-The gov-
ernment opened the way last night
for some wage and price increases.
It did so while struggling to con-
trol an economic situation which,
in the words of Congressional
economists, contains possibilities of
"runaway inflation."
Economic Stabilizer Eric John-
ston modified the Jan. 25 wage
"freeze." He issued an order per-
mitting workers to seek wage in-
creases up to a limit ten per cent
higher than the level of Jan. 15,
1950.
HE ALSO ASKED the Wage
Stabilization , Board to approve
promptly seven amendments fur-
ther liberalizing the wage ceiling.
The chief of these would provide
that "escalator clauses" in wage
contracts signed up to Jan. 25 of
this year shall be permitted to
operate up to June 30 of this year.
These clauses call for raises
when the cost of living goes up,
or when the productivity of
workers is increased.
Bue labor leaders were not satis-
fied with Johnston's action. Three
labor members of the Wage Stabil-
ization Board had walked out when
the public and industry members
approved the ten per centn"catch
up" formula Johnston put into ef-
fect last night. They thought the
formula was not liberal enough,
and last night union leaders indi-
cated the labor boycott of the
board would continue, at least for
the present.
* * .
JOHNSTON SAID he believed
the formula, and the further
- changes he suggested, are "fair
and equitable."
On the prices front, too, the
government moved to relax the
freeze. It unfroze the retail prices
of clothing, furniture, rugs, lamps,
drygoods and household textiles,
and instead fixed 'retailers' mar-
gins-the* differencebetween what
they pay and what they charge.
Many price increases are sure
to result. Price Director Michael
V. DiSalle said there 'were provi-
sions in the order which he ex-
pects to lead to many price roll-
backs too. Some of his aides were
not as optimistic as he on this
score.-
Trace History
Of Mink Coat
In RFCProbe
WASHINGTON - (M) - Sena-
tors traced the history of a $9,540
mink coat yesterday in their in-
vestigation of alleged political In-
fluence in Reconstruction Finance
Corporation. They discovered:
1-The coat belongs to Mrs. E.
Merl Young, a White House sten-
ographer.r
2-It came from the stock of
Gunther-Jaeckel, a New York
firm of furriers which applied for
a $175,000 RFC loan but didn't
get it.
3-It was paid for initially by
Joseph H. Rosenbaum, a Wash-
ington lawyer who represented
the furriers when they obtained

tentative approval of their loan
application April 3, 1950.
This set of circumstances, re-
lated in testimony before the Sen-
ate banking subcommittee, caused
Chairman Fulbright (D-Ark) to
state that the transaction ap-
peared to be "part of a widespread
pattern of activities" linking the
names of Rosenbaum and Mrs.
Young's husband around t h e
fringes of the Reconstruction Fi-
nance Corporation.1
Both men have been mentionedt
frequently in the inquiry as wield-i
ers of influence in negotiations for
big government loans.
YRs Elect Cargo,

NewHopeLooms
In Draft Ouilook
Optimism Expressed Regarding
'U' Enrollment Drop Next Semester
By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Daily City Editor
Draft-harassed male students may be able to look forward with
added security to another year at the University, if reports currently'
being received by*newspapers and University officials prove to be true.
Also, chances for a sizeable freshman class at the University and
at other colleges next fall have brightened.
Thanks to a report issued by Earl J. McGrath, U.S. Commissioner
of Education, University officials currently do not expect next year's
enrollment drop to be excessive.
McGRATH'S REPORT was issued to answer requests from various
colleges and universities for estimates of enrollment for the 1951-52
year. The report predicted a 20% drop in full time male undergrad-
uate enrollment.
Because the University has a great many graduate students
and women students, its student body should not get much small-
er if this estimate is at all accurate. With a spring term total of
7,389 undergraduate men, a 20% drop would still leave about 5,900.
Should the number of women and graduate students remain un-
changed, this would mean a drop of only 8% in the total University
enrollment for next year.
McGRATH'S ESTIMATE is based on the following very im-
portant assumptions:
1. The deferral of half the present draft eligible freshmen and all
present draft-eligible sophomores, juniors and seniors, subject to sat-
isfactory scholastic performance.
2. Passage of an 18 year old draft law.
3. Approximately 90,000 ROTC freshmen, beginning next fall.
4. Approximately 25,000 veterans enrolled as freshmen in the fall.
5. Rejection by draft boards of 10% of high school graduates for
medical reasons.
6. 75,000 selected male inductees assigned =to college study, begin-
ning in the fall.
NEWSPAPER REPORTS also indicate that draft pressure on
college students may ease soon. A recent Associated Press dispatch!
quoted President Henry M. Wriston of Brown University as sayin
"We (educators) have been assured that all men now in college and
doing well will be allowed to finish."
Further optimism was reflected by a New York Times report
of a study of the draft problem made by the American Council on.
Education. This study "indicated that the colleges of America
might not be hit as hard as many educators had feared," accord-
ing to the Times.
Last week's announcement that National Guard and Organized'
Reserve Corps calls to active duty would be eased also was taken as
a sign that the nation's military needs are not as urgent as had been
thought.
Of course, military reverses or additional international crises
could at any time make these estimates and bits of speculation com-
pletely worthless.

Low Draft'
Age Seen As
Imperative
Military Men
Join inAppeal
WASHINGTON--(P)-Secretary
of Defense Marshall and General
Omar N. Bradley joined last night
in new appeals for lowering the
draft age to 18 in the "interest of
genuine security."
Marshall said there was no cer-
tainty that the current military
manpower goal of nearly 3,500,000
might not have to be raised. Brad-
ley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs
of Staff, said that in this event
"any compromise" with the 18-
year-old figure would result in a
shortage of men.
m s *
THE TWO MILITARY leaders
wrote officials of the House and
Senate Armed Services Commit-
tees as the Senate launched its
debate over. lowering the draft
age, and the House committee was
in the midst of hearings on the
military manpower legislation.
Primarily the letters were is-
sued to clarify what they de-
cribed as "some misunderstand
ing" about Bradley's testimony
Monday on the House side.
Some published reports said
Bradley had agreed to the House
committee's proposal for putting
the induction age at 18% years.
Bradley wrote he had not changed
his mind and both letters empha-
sized the Defense Department's
conviction that men should be
subject to the draft at 18.
'MAUSJAL said he was hop-
fu) the current 3,500,000 goal
would hold but he could not be
certain "in a situation as tense as
the one that now confront' us."
He said that witIlout the 18-
year draft, the nation would be
245,000 below the minimum re-
serve pool of men needed to build
the armed forces to 4,000,000.
The letters referred to the
recommended manpower figure
as 3,500,000, apparently in
rounding out the announced
goal of some 3,462,200 for mid-
1951.
On the Senate floor, complaints
were heard that much of the Kor-
ean fighting falls on World War
II veterans as debate opened on
the, question of drafting youths
at 18.
Some Republican senators
sharply criticized the administra-
tion request to lower the draft age.
Their views became known after
a closed-door conference of all Re
publican senators at which, how-
ever, the conference took no for-
mal action as a group for or
against the program.
Europe Land
Troops Mean
War - Hoover
WASHINGTON-P) - Former
President, Hoover said yesterday
the plan to' send four American
divisions to Europe "will most
likely lead" to a land war with
"utmost jeopardy" to the United
States.
Hoover insisted that air and sea
power is the only hope for Eur-
ope's defense at this time; that

Russia could pound across the
continent to the English channel
in 20 days.
Testifying in the second hear-
ing on the hotly-debated issue of
sending American foot soldiers to
join a North Atlantic Treaty force
to guard against Russian attack,
the former President said it might
take 125 divisions to defend West-
ern Europe on the ground.
Agreeing that it would be "pret-
ty hard on the United States" if
Russia overran Europe, Hoover
counseled: "But you can't do
everything. You have got to de-
cide what you can do. I can see
no hope of an adequate stopping

-Daily-Roger Reinke
NEW DORM-Jutting eight stories high, the University's nearly completed South Quadrangle will
be ready for full occupancy by the fall semester, with the first students scheduled to move in this
summer. It is being built at a cost of $5,000,000.
* * * 'A* * * * * e
South Quad Fal Openig Announ1ced

By BOB KEITH
Bulging men's dormitories will
get their first real relief since the,
war next fall when the University's
huge new eight-story South Quad-!
rangle opens its doors for student
occupancy.
Built at a cost of .some $5,000,-
000, the orange-brick structue will

World Newv's
Roundup '

SAC Postpones Action
On Bias Clause Measure

" i

The Student Affairs Committee
yesterday began its formal dis-
cussion of the Student Legisla-
ture's "bias clause" resolution but
postponed any action on the mea-
sure until next week.
IGoing UP.
Today is absolutely the last
chance to get the 1951 Ensian
for just $5.
There will be no extension on
the deadline this year so any
book purchased after today
will cost $6, according to Slug
Kettler, Ensian business mana-
ger.
Ensians will be sold on the
diag and in the Student Publi-
cations Bldg.

The resolution which recom-
mends that the SAC enforce a time
limit within which all campus
groups must remove discrimina-
tory clauses from their constitu-
tions was presented to the SAC
several weeks ago.
Last week the committee called
a special meeting at which repre-
sentatives of both the SL and the
affiliated groups spoke for and
against the "bias clause" resolu-
tion and several SAC members had
hoped to reach a vote on the mat-
ter yesterday afternoon.
A crowded agenda and a un-
animous desire to give the SL's
proposal careful consideration,
however, prompted the SAC to call
a special meeting next week. Most
of the committee members felt
that a final vote on the resolution
will be taken at that time.

By The Associated Press
GRAND RAPIDS-Sen. Arthur
Vandenberg (R-Mich) has suf-
fered a setback in his convales-
cence from a long illness that will
delay his plans to return to Wash-
ington. Vanaenberg's personal
physician and longtime friend,
Dr. A. B. Smith, said yesterday,
"The Senator's condition is not as
favorable as it has been because
of unforeseendevelopments in the
past two or three days."
PARIS-Premier Rene Plev-
en's three-party government of-
fered to resign last night be-
cause it won by only a narrow
margin a vote of confidence on
the French election law issue,
but President Vincent Auriol re-
fused to let it step out of office.
PRAGUE - The Czechoslovak
Communist Party punctuated its
charges of Titoism against Vlado
Clementis and four other former
party leaders yesterday with the
disclosure 169,544 party members
have been ousted since Sept. 1
in a continuing purge.
* * *
BUENOS AIRES - A police
judge's order last night held up
publication of the newspaper
La Prensa after loyal employes
had fought their way back to
work at the cost of one dead
and 15 injured.
* * *
W A S H INGTON - President
Truman today strongly urged
Congress to wipe out the penny
postal card, an American institu-
tion for 79 years, and replace it
with a two-cent card.

provide dorm housing for .1,100
men, thus affording other resi-
dence halls at least a partial les-
sening of overcrowded conditions.
* * *
ANNOUNCEMENT of the South
Quad's fall opening was made by
University authorities today.
It came on the heels of assur-
ances from selective service of-
ficials that the draft will not,
bring about a serious drop in
fall male enrollment.
Previously it had been thought
that, because of the draft, the new
dorm might have to be used as
housing for government trainees,
as was the case with University
dorms during the last war.j
* * *
IN ANNOUNCING that the
South Quad will be completed in
time for the fall term, University
officials also said that portions of
the east wing will be open during
the summer session for student oc-
cupancy..
Construction of the building
has been in progress since Janu-
ary, 1950, and the east wing is
Broken Aerial
QuietsWUOA
A broken coaxial feedline, high
in WUOM's 440 ft. radio antenna
at Peach Mountain, forced the
University radio station to operate
at one third its normal power yes-
terday.
Any attempt to fix the difficulty
was thwarted by high winds, ac-
cording to Ed Burrows, the sta-
tion's program director. It takes
35 minutes to climb up to the
top of the antenna, and 10 min-
utes to climb down in calm weath-
er, he said.
The station's technical director,'
Gerald Slintack, reported that the
trouble would be ironed out by the
end of the week. "At present we
are operating with a short emer-
gency antenna atop the Peach
Mountain transmitter station, 12
miles from Ann Arbor,"

now nearly completed except for
furnishings.
The structure is being financed
by bonds and will be fully paid for
out of residence halls income, at
no cost to the state.
* * *
THE OPENING of South Quad
will ease the crowded situation in
other dorms only partially, ac-
cording to Francis C. Shiel, man-
ager of the newly-created Services
Enterprises department and for-
mer residence halls business man-
ager.
Shiel said that West Quad,
East Quad and Vaughn House
will continue to house more men
than they were originally de-
signed for.
But he estimated that these
dorms will in general have only
half as many extra men as they
do now.
AT THE SAME TIME Shiel in-'
dicated that the total number of
men living in dorms next fall will
definitely be greater than at pres-
ent.
While some 3,000 men are now
housed ins University units, the
addition of, South Quad will
probably boost the total to 3,860,
Shiel said.
Of course, this whole picture
could be altered by a serious
change in the international situa-
tion, and, consequently, in the
draft.
Whatever the total of dorm men
is next fall, it will be far less than
the number of men living in pri-
vate homes and apartments, Shiel
emphasized.
"It is obvious," Shiel said, "that
the University must depend on the
community for the greater part of
housing for male students for
many years to come."
many years to come. This service
is of great value to the students,
and the University, and is gen-
uinely appreciated."
He noted that, although the
University has more than doubled
its residence hall capacity for men
students in the last decade, the
number of men living outside the
halls has increased by 4,000 dur-
ing the same period.
tin Crisis'

Allies Enter.
Withdraw
From Seoul
Action Reveale
Recent Marine
TOKYO-MP)-U.S. Seventh
Second Division infantrymen
day probed deeper into Ceni
Korea's soggy mountains .a
taking eight miles of a vital &e
west highway.
The main objective was to fi
and kill Reds withdrawing a
their east flank defenses 'w
crushed yesterday. A second
objective was to win control
the road which bisects the pei
sula from Kangnung on the e
to Seoul on the west.
* * *
ON THE LONG-quiet west
front, an Allied patrol Tuesi
night crossed the Han river
fought its way into the subu
of Red-held Seoul. It later wi
drew.
South Korean sources toda
disclosed a commando-type ra
Sunday by the Republic's Ma
ines on the west coast with
five miles of the 38th paralle
The Marines stormed ash
from naval vessels near Ongjin,
miles west and slightly north
Seoul. It is on a peninsula wh
juts down from North Korea.
Korean sources at Pusan s
the raiders * killed a Commx
brigade commander and 20 ot:
Red officers. They also catu
enemy equipment and docume
before returning to their ship
On the east coast, 90 mi
north of the 38th parallel, a sn
South ]orean force seized anot
island yesterday in the wo
port area. The landing w
nounced today by the Navy wh
warships covered the operati
* * *
THE MAIN WEIGHT of a 1(
000-man Allied drive, aimed
shoving more than 110,000 Oh
ese and North Koreans out
South Korea, pressed on the ci
tral front.
Seventh division tanks ai
troops yesterday c r u m p l e
North Korean defenses north
Pangnim and sent the Re
fleeing into wild, unchart
mountains.
The U.S..First Marine Divisi
holding high ground around w
wrecked Hoengsong, said Chin
north of the highway junct
appeared to be withdrawing nw
West of the Seventh Divsi
drive, the U.S. Second Dvisi
stopped five Korean Commi
counterattacks in three hours
While the North Korean m
line of resistance broke In
east, some 110,000 Chinese Cc
munist troops were firmly imb
ded in trenches and foxh
along the rest of the 100-n
front from Hoengsong in the ce
ter westward through Seoul to
Yellow Sea"
IFC Refuses
Plan To Exten
Rush Period
The Executive Council of
Inter-Fraternity Council 1
night voted down a plan advan
by Slug Kettler, '51, of Theta
fraternity, to extend the rush
period informally through

first nine weeks of the semes
Instead, the IFC will contin
its policy of allowing sma
houses who fail to get the desi
number of pledges to apply
two-week extensions of rushi
according to Bob Preston('5
Council member.
The Council also decided to
low men on academic probat
to pledge, contrary to previou
announced policy. However, the
men will not be permitted to
initiated tin May with the r
of -the pledges, but must wait
their overall average is above
2.0.
The IFC further announc
that Friday is thelast day m
will h allowend to regter

I.
MAYBE NEXT TIME:
Baby Planet Will Miss
Earth --But Not by Much

By SID KLAUS
A mysterious baby planet, now
racing towards the earth at an
"unusual" speed, will pot result in
the end of the world-but it will
be remembered as a record near
miss.
The minor planet or asteroid
was discovered Monday by a Naval
astronomer, who hastened to as-
sure worried reporters that we
were in no immediate danger of

Prof. Leo Goldberg, chairman of
the astronomy department, ex-
plained that the asteroid was prob-
ably one of the many thousands of
small planets circling the sun.
These bodies are usually located in
a band between Mars and Jupiter.
He said that as many as 30,000 of
these asteroids could be seen from
the Mount Wilson Observatory.
"Since these bodies travel in
elliptical and not circular or-

'IMPROPER, UNNECESSARY':
Amendment Called 'Threa

The new constitutional amend-
ment limiting the president to two
terms was called a threatagainst
rnr.+.,nic ,-ln..i-. a 4. t, nn f.ina i

Meanwhile in Washington, Re-
publican congressmen have raised
'the new amendment as a possible

"Many," he said, "overrepresent
underpopulated parts of their
states."

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