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September 30, 1950 - Image 4

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Korea Settlement

One for All



SINCE THE recent UN landing at Inchon
and its later success at Seoul,, many
voices have been raised about the ultimate
settlement of the Korean problem. Some are
hysterical, some are biased, but the latest
plans outlined by the "informed sources" of
the British and American delegations at
Lake Success are sound practical appraisals
of the course we should follow.
Militarily speaking, we realize we don't
have to cross into North Korea. The ag-
gression has been crushed without this
risky move by cutting the Red supply
lines and isolating their troops in the
south, below the thirty-eighth parallel.
But to accept the military need as final
would be a great mistake....
It would pretty generally restore the situ-
ation that existed before the attack, a
damning waste of lives and effort. Another
aggression could come at any time.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Therefore the American plan, as well as
the British, insists on a United Korea,
founded on supervised elections. The Ameri-
can plan also' adds a small but important
stipulation, that this Korea must be of no
danger to her neighbors.
Most of us will agree with these principles
of Korean peace. But who we choose to
enforce those principles is as important as
the principles themselves. To maintain the
good will of the Asiatic peoples, particularly
India, we should give them a major part
in the carrying out of the.Korean settlement.
The decisions of a UN Commission where.
Asian representatives are in the majority
will carry amore weight and be better re-
ceived by the Korean people and the other
peoples of Asia. Asia, which is naturally
most concerned. over developments in
Korea, deserves a larger part in the settle-
ment. Our support of Asian representation
will do more to assure the world of our
good intentions than our mere absence from
a Korean Settlement body.
The latest reports would seem to indi-
cate that these policies are eagerly awaited
by men in North Korea's capital who are
about ready to give up aggression as a way
of life.
-Zander Hollander.

Thanksgiving Recess

ONCE AGAIN this year the Student Leg-
islature is talking turkey time to Uni-
versity officials. Currently a proposal is
being considered which would finally close
classroom doors for the Tranksgiving week-
end holiday.
The proposed plan would allow stuffed
students and professors a weekend to re-
cupperate from the traditionally food-
filled Thursday, with the extra days of

crepancy between rules and practical pro-
Some people might argue that the pro-
posel plan would make the minority of
students with Saturday classes pay for
the lost weekend, while everyone else
went home on Fridays before Christmas
and spring vacation anyway. But few, if .
any students, continuously elect Saturday
classes, and practically everyone gets one
or two sometime during their college
career. In other words, we would all do
our share at one-time or another to make
up for the November holiday.
This plan is both fair and workable for
the students and faculty. Let us hope that
by November 28 the Student Legislature
and the University officials will have agreed
to use it.
-Donna Hendleman.

the holiday made up on the1
days immediately preceding
and spring vacations.
As the holiday ruling now
dents are officially expected toI
on Thanksgiving weekend, but1
istic ruling results in nothing

two Satur-
stands, stu-
be in classes
this unreal-
but resent-

ment and spotty attendance on the post-
holiday Friday and Saturday. An official
vacation would eliminate this Michigan dis-

Fair Deal-New Deal

WASHINGTON - The forthcoming con-
gressional elections will offer the first
real test of the Truman political theory.
This method is to call forth, and rely heavily
upon, the initiative and responsibility of
the party rank and file for organization
and education at the grass roots.
This technique of promoting the Fair
Deal is quite in contrast to that of its
predecessor, the New Deal, in which the
daszling, magnetic leader in the White
House was leaned upon as the mainstay
to arouse the populace, aided and abetted
by a brilliant coterie of "brain-trusters"
who gathered and passed up the ammu-
Harry Truman would be the first to ad-
mit his lack of Franklin D. Roosevelt's gla-
mor and glitter. But it is not this difference
that brought a shift of technique. It is a
conviction that, if the New Deal-Fair Deal
philosophy is to kept alive and active, it
must springefrom the people, themselves,
and be carried forward by them. It will, in
short, only continue if worked at from the
ground up.
. * .
THIS PLAIN truf was recognized, after
the death of M -oosevelt, by old-line
progressives to whoa _ie New Deal was just
another, though more successful, stage in
a long battle. They realized this when they
saw the consternation caused by the death
of the leader among the late-coming New
Dealers of the Roosevelt regime. The latter
were confused and helpless because they had
depended too much on, one man. With the
loss of him they wilted and consoled gloom-
ily among themselves. They began to leave
government service, some quickly of their
own volition, others when they learned that
Harry Truman was not too sympathetic
with their kind. ,
In so doing, "they mistook their own
departures from Washington for the dis-
appearance of liberalism in the United
States," as it is so aptly put by Johathan
Daniels in his illuminating and perceptive
book about Harry Truman, "The Man
From Independence." Mr. Daniels, editor
of the Raleigh News and Observer, writes
from the vantage point of a participant
in the transition, for he worked on the
White House staff of President Roosevelt
and was associated also with President
Truman. He has worked, too, at his book.
It is a fine job of reporting, based on ex-
haustive research, with fresh and dramatic
revelations of the tumultuous events into
which the man from Independence, Mo.,
was catapulted.
"Harry Truman's purposes were more im-
portant than any American powers," Mr.
Daniels says in an analysis of the 1948 elec-
tion which rallied people of all sorts to him,
desplit the defection of various group and
geographical interests traditionally regarded
as essential in a pattern of political victory
in our country.
The Truman program, he adds, "is the
renewed and native expression of the Ameri-
can's now .irmly fixed faith that his gov-
ernment's function is to help him have the

in 1948. During the 1946 campaign Harry
Truman was virtually locked up in the White
House for fear he would hurt Democratic
chances. Two years later he not only car-
ried the fight down to the people personally,
but there began that process of education.
and organization at the grass roots that
was carried on so effectively not only by
labor but also, as we learned with surprise
the day after election, by and among farm-
That process has been stepped up in the
two years since, the results of which we
shall learn in the election a few weeks
hence. It will be the first real trial of the
Truman method. Under the direction of
Democratic National Headquarters here,
it is carried down through practical poli-
ticians who have learned to get along
with, and work with, labor. This in itself
is something fairly new. During the Roose-
velt years, the old-fashioned local politi-
cal bosses were jealous and wary ofthis
new element in politics which could fill
a hall so easily. The ward bosses could
not quite understand the excited discus-
sions about economic and social problems,
a new language in politics. But they are
The interest of Harry Truman, as Presi-
dent, politician, and human being is exem-
plified in a procession of books about him
and his administration now going on the
stands. In addition to Mr. Daniels' contri-
bution there is the sprightly and entertain-
ing "Truman Merry-Go-Round" by Robert
S. Allen, well-known Washington columnist
and commentator, and William V. Shannon.
Coming along soon is "Presidents Who Have
Known Me" by George Allen, who held of-
ficial posts in both the Roosevelt and Tru-
man administrations and which, as the title
suggests, is sprinkled with his lively humor.
You may expect more for, as Bob Allen
and William Shannon say, Harry Truman
"is a strong and likely candidate to succeed
himself in 1952."
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Conservatism Vs. Reaction
1HERE IS a vital difference between a
conservative and a reactionary. A true
conservative believes that the processes of
change are gradual and organic; that you
cannot impose abstract ideas on the mas-
sive, glacial flow of society; that the com-
prehensive blueprint and the exclusive pan-
ecea are alike irrelevant to the stream of
history. But he knows well that there is a
stream of history that change does come
about, and that the recognition of the ne-
cessity of change is the best way of pre-
venting it from disrupting society.
The reactionary, on the other hand,
hates and fears any change-except that
which promises to entrench him all the
more firmly in his power and priviledge.
He is dedicated to the interests of his class
-unlike the conservative, who has a sense
of social and national responsibility which
absorbs and sometimes overrides his loyalty
to his class. The conservative believes in
freedom under law for all and recognized

Atlantic Treaty Organization) foreign
ministers follows lines which are pretty fa-
miliar by this time to readers. At last a
continental army is to be set up under a
single command. This will dispose of the
committee system at Fontainebleau which
has hitherto been little more than a dis-
cussion group. This was due in part to the
clash of the military personalities but in
the main to the fact that the governments
gage the high-ranking officers no authority.
All this will now be changed. Sometime or
other there will be a supreme commander,
but in the meantime a chief of staff will be
appointed, and he will be an American.
General Eisenhower's has been the name
most frequently intimated.
Perhaps the knottiest problem in the
conversations leading up to the agreement
has been the part that Germany will play
in the combination. Congressional and
Pentagon opinion is strongly in favor of
the rearmament of the Germans. The
French have remained in steadfast opposi-
tion, and not one vote in the French
Chamber could have been found for any
such proposal.
The pith of the German issue, insofar
at France is concerned, is undoubtedly the
fear that Ruhr resources might serve Ger-
man rearmament. German resources as well
as manpower are referred to in the commu-
nique. But it is understood that the Ruhr
will never again be allowed to become an
arsenal. For the time being arms will come
from other sources, though, when the Schu-
man plan for pooling continental Europe's
coal and steel is completed, a new reading
might be taken of German help. It is to
be hoped that a push will now be given to
the Schuman plan. Here is integration at
the base, and for that reason the United
States has the liveliest interest in seeing
it come to fruition. It would be a good thing
if there were an- occasional recognition of
the importance of the Schuman plan out of
this Government.-
The most important aspect of the new
defense establishment is the American
pledge to add to its military strength in
Europe. No specific number of divisions
is mentioned. As many as six has been
stated unofficially, but the determination
will await knowledge of the quota of other
NATO members. Contribution is the next
order of business. Life can be put into the
new organization only by the raising of
armies and armament manufacture. Europe
has now got the answer, insofar as it can be
given, to the question that has been asked
for several years past of America: What
will you do? What we will do is put our
American defense line on the Elbe,. locate
much of our armed strength on that line,
and give a continental army a supreme com-
mander. This is an example of action that
should relieve German fears of Soviet ab-
sorption, ease the qualms of France that
only liberation of an occupied Europe is
envisaged and inspire general confidence.
It is a revolutionary strategy for America
to which there is no alternative in days
which have made the entire world a battle-
-The Washington Post.
At The Orpheum ...
GIGI-starring Daniel Delorme, Frank
Villard and Yvonne DeBrey. Directed by{
Jacqueline Audrey.
The main attraction of this French film
is its frankness and nonchalance in dealing
with human physical desires. It is a frank-
ness that is notvulgar but refreshing and
a nonchalance that is not scornful but re-
The plot concerns the Parisian world of
mistresses and their keepers in an era when
there was neither secrecy nor shame but
rather acceptance of professional passion.

Essentially it is the story of Gigi,.the
innocent and naive illegitimate daughter
of an illegitimate daughter. A typical
adolescent who plays hide and seek with
great zeal, she is undergoing systemized
training at the art of sophistication and
patronization by her aunt and by. her
grandmother, great belles in their own
Her story is crossed with that of Gaston,
the wealthy and notorious son of a sugar
The humor of the film Is what some
might call spicey but like the treatment
of the entire theme it travels a high
level-although one wonders how it
passed the usually frigid censors.
Written by the French novelist, Silonie
Gabrielle Collete, the story contains great
insight and understanding. As in most
foreign films that reach our country the
acting is superb. Each character fits into
the prescribed personality with the required
depth and warmth.
A complete acceptance of these people and
their way of life is achieved, though
throughout the film you feel that the di-
rector is winking her eye and grinning from
ear to ear.
Gigi's human comedy and mature attitude
toward its subject matter insure its success
especially on a college campus.
-Leonard Greenbaum.
[I..m ry nl..nrl na.

To the Editor:
Student Legislature will vote
on a motion to have the SL con-
duct a campus campaign for the
Crusade for Freedom.
As many of you already know,
the Crusade for Freedom is a na-
tion-wide petition campaign be-
gun by General Dwight Eisenhow-
er and headed up now by General
Lucius Clay that aims to secure
the signatures of 50,000,000 Am-
ericans in support of a brief state-
ment which emphasizes the sac-
redness and dignity of the indi-
vidual, the right of freedom for all
men, and pledges resistance to ag-
gression and tyranny wherever'
they appear.
The Crusade is quite frankly an
answer to the Stockholm Peace
Appeal which, while purporting to
be non-partisa, actually served
our opponents in the world's ide-
ological struggle.
Is the Crusade for Freedom
campaign worth while? A n d
should we go out of our way to
support it? I would, of course, ans-
wer yes.
We In America are now recog-
nizing that in many areas of the
world people do not have enough
information to clearly appreciate
the differences between commun-
ism and democracy, and that we
must fight the battle for men's
minds with symbols as the Com-
munists have done. The Stock-
holm Peace Appeal, by involving
masses of people has been one
such symbol.
The endorsement by millions of
Americans of this statement of
basic American principles embod-
ied in the Freedom Pledge is one
clear-cut method ofdemonstrating
to the peoples of the world what
we in America believe.
Our message will be publicized
to the world on United Nations
Day, October 24th by internation-
al radio coverage of the ceremon-
iles in Berlin where the petitions
will be enshrined and a specially
built Freedom Bell will be install-
ed and initially,,rung.
Leaders in all phases of Ameri-
can life have participated in tht
promotion of the Crusade for
Freedom. Each ofitus has a stake
in its success.
It is to be hoped that the SL
will conduct an active campaign
for signatures on the petitions. I
am confident that many students
will welcome an opportunity to
-Tom Walsh
. * *
Reply to Solt ..
To the Editor:
WE WISH to request that future
Daily editorials be based on
more thorough research than the
epistle, "Alcoholism for America."
Facts to be considered:
1. Based on considerable World
War II research, our organization
has found that the amount of 3.2
beer required to produce an alco-
holic craving (or so even give the
user a "slight jag") is far too large
for the average stomach to hold.
2. Most alcoholism is due to
stimulants much more powerful
than any available to the United
Nations Forces in Korea (except
possibly the rum drinking British
Navy), in fact due to stimulants

work in the Ann Arbor area. I
Due to this data plus the fact
one of our most prominent mem-
bers, a former movie critic for the1
Daily, is a member of the armed
forces, we register a protest againstt
this sort of reaction. Said mem-
ber is now developing combat jit-g
ters, not because of combat, butP
because he is afraid he may bet
deprived of even the advantages of
3.2. (It is always diluted, Mr.,Solt.)
A. William Blumrosen, Pres.t
D. Eugene McNeil, Sec.1
Thank God Its Friday ClubS
Jackson's Action
A fine appreciation of the Amer-t
ican concept of justice infuses the
opinion of Justice Jackson per-I
mitting the convicted Communist'
Party leaders to remain at liberty
on bail.
There is, of course, no absolute1
right to bail on the part of con-
victed persons. But it is customary
for the courts to allow bail pend-
ing an appeal or a review on a
writ of certiorari if a substantial
question is to be determined'in
the appellate court.
THE REASON for his liberal
exercise of discretion is obvious.
If bail should be denied and the
conviction later be upset, the de-
fendant would be punished inj
spite of the final court's conclu-
sion that he. should not be.
The Government had con-I
tended that after the conviction
of the Copmunsts was sustain-t
ed by the Circuit Court of Ap-
peals, no substantial question
was left for review by the Su-
preme Court. Justice Jackson re-
plied in effect that the Court
of Appeals may have the right
answer, but in a case of this sort
only the Supreme Court can give
the final answer. This seems to,
us conclusive.
As to the Government's conten-
tion that the Commies had for-
feited their claim to ibail by mis-
behavior after conviction, the Jus-
tice noted that their "dangerous
activities" consisted solely of mak-
ing speeches and writing articles,
chiefly editorials for the Daily
WHILE THESE articles were se-
verely critical .of American foreign
policy and some of them were pat-
ently false, Justice Jackson could
find nothing illegal in them. Even
men convicted of a Communist
conspiracy retain the right of free3
speech and freedom of the press
while their guilt is being finally
Justice Jackson conceded the
risks are involved in either grant-
ing or refusing bail. One of the'
risks he had in mind was "the
disastrous effect on the reputa-
tion of American justice if I should
now send these men to jail and1
the full court later decide that1
their conviction is invalid." It isi
clear from the context of the opin-
ion that he did not permit bail to
stand because of the propaganda
value that the Kremlin might have
found in a different decision. But
he was properly mindful that any
deviation from the narrow path
of justice could be used to our dis-
-Washington Post

The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
lbelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
le condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Crusade for Freedom . [not readily available for research



Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
(11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SATURDAY, SEPT. 30, 1950
VOL. LXI, No. 5.
Applications for F u l b r i g h t
Awards for University lecturing
and advanced research for -the
Academic Year 1951-52, which
are open to postdoctoral students
and faculty, are due October 15.
About 300; awards to seventeen
countries are available. Applica-
tions must be made to the Con-
ference Board of Associated Re-
searchCouncils, 2101 Constitu-
tion Avenue, Washington 25, D.C.
but information on the opportun-
ities and conditions can be ob-
tained at the office of the Grad-
uate School.
Academic Notices
Land Utilization Seminar-367:
Tues., Oct. 3, 7 p.m., 170 Business
Administration, and thereafter
during the semester.
Doctoral Examination for An-I
drew Collier Minor, Musicology;
thesis: "The Masses of Jean Mou-
ton," Sat., Sept. 30, 808 Burton
Memorial Tower, 9 a.m. Chairman,
L. E. Cuyler.
Freshman Health Lectures for
Women: First Semester, 1950-51:
, It is a University requiremtnt
that all entering Freshmen attend
a series of lectures on Personal
and Community Health and pass
an examination on the content of
these lectures. Transfer students
with freshman standing (less than
30 hrs. credit) are also required
to take the course unless they
have had a similar course else-
where which has been accredited
Upperclassmen who were here
as freshmen and who did not ful-
fill the requirements are requested
to do so this term.
The lectures will be given in
Natural Science Auditorium, 4 and

7 (Fin. Ex.) Wed. Oct. 18
You may attend at either of the
above hours. Enrollment will take
place at the first lecture. Please
note that attendance is required.
Events Today
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Supper, Student Evangelical Cha-
pel, Hill and Washtenaw, 5 p.m.
Members of the Spartan Christian
Fellowship will be meeting with us.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Saturday morning services 9 a.m.
Hostel Club: Potluck supper at
6 p.m. and Square Dance at 8 p.
m. Jones -School. Bring own table
service for potluck. Make reserva-
tions with Ruth Bolt, 27319. Small
fee with hostel pass; larger fee
without pass.
Saturday Luncheon Discussion
Group: Lane Hall, 12:15 p.m.
Membership is open for permanent
a n d non-permanent members.
Sign up at Lane Hall before 10
a.m., Saturday.
Coming Events
Women's Research Club: Meet-
ing, Mon., Oct. 2, 8 p.m., Rack-
ham West Lecture Room. "Facili-
ties for Research in the Rare
Book Room of the University Li-
Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia: Meet-.
ing, Mon., Oct. 2. 7 p.m. 305
School of Music.
IZFA picnic with Wayne and
University of Toledo chapters.
Sun., W.A.B., 2 p.m. In case of
rain, meet at Lane Hall.
Kindai Nippon Kenkyukai (So-
ciety for the Study of Modern
Japan): Open meeting, West Con-
ference Room, Rackham Bldg.,
Tues., Oct. 3, 8 p.m. Newly arrived
students from Japan will be
guests of honor.
U. of M. Hot Record Society:
Meeting, rehearsal ropm Michigan
League, Sun., 8 p.m.
Graduate Outing Club: Meet at
northwest corner of Rackham at
2:15 p.m., Sunday. Canoeing.
Le Cercle Francais: first meet-
ing has been postponed to Mon.,
Oct. 9, same time, Michigan Lea-
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity:
Meeting Sun., Oct. 1, Room 3B,
Union. 2 p.m.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Services, 8 a.m. and 7 p.m.; Tues.,
8 a.m. (Memorial"services) and 7
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting Sun.,
Oct. 1, 2 p.m., Leagut.
Alpha Kappa Psi: Smoker. Com-
merce and economics students in-
vited. Mon., Oct. 2, 7:30 p.m., 425
Washtenaw. Movies.

7:30 p.m.
4 ,

as per the following


I' I


Oct. 9
Oct. 10
Oct. 11
Oct. 12
Oct. 16
Oct. 17

AMA Propaganda
With the American Medical As-
sociation's battle against national
health insurance apparently won
for the moment, and its assess-,
ment for propaganda now com-
pulsory and apparently permanent,
the organization has announced
officially a changed emphasis for
the future.
An advertising campaign the
AMA will conduct next month will
not be primarily an attempt to sell
"American medicine," the organi-
zation's Journal announces.
INSTEAD it will try to "sell
what has been our heritage in
this country-faith, hope, free-
Commendable goals those. But
the AMA can think of no better
way to sell them than by rais-
ing the Socialist bogey. "The
end result of this tremendous
and unique undertaking," say
the Journal, "will be a further
check on the advances of the
planners of socialism and regi-
Thus, the AMA announces offi-
cially that it is aligning itself
with the Guy Gabrielsons and
John T. Flynns. And doctors, no
matter what their political be-
liefs, are being compelled to pay
for the advancement of a particu-
lar political credo. Is the next step
requirement that every doctor
be a right-wing Republican or a
Dixiecrat before being permitted
to practice medicine?
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
dangerous. Once you start ques-
tioning you don't know what's go-
ing to happen. The only danger-
more . dangerous,however, is igno-
-Henry S. Commager
ANYONE WHO thinks that an
attack on the fundamental
idea of security and welfare is
appealing to the people is general-
ly living in the Middle Ages.
-Thomas E. Dewey

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students Cd
the University "of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.,
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown ........ Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger .......City Editor
Roma Lipsky ..,..... Editorial Director
Dave Thomas ........ Feature Editor
Janet Watts ....... .. Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan ........ Associate Editor
James Gregory ... Associate Editor
Bill Connolly ..........Sports Editor
Bob Sandell .. Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton .. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans.........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels.........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Donna Cady ...... Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau ...... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz .. Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
,Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press isexclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at th4 Past Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, asasecond-class mail
Subscription during regular s.hool
year: by carrier, $6.00; L'y mali, $7.00.



(What's the matter with him?
- Jane-

Mom said she and Pop don't
believe in Fairy Godfathers.
Mr. O'Malley got insulted--
I don't believein
ke Ia r - ..i#.


Hush, little gir... Barnaby,.1-
know what the trouble is. In
my constant concern for you
and your household, I've been
content in the quiet knowledge
of a job well done. I shunned

But now I see I must overcome my:
deep-rooted modesty and 'retiring
nature merely to be 4elieved in!
I am going to get


I -

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