THE MICHIGAN DAILY
6LAN, UAR Y 13, 1951
Taft & Russia
ENATOR TAFT is piqued that the Ad-
ministration can not tell him precisely
what Russia plans to do next. This is evi-
dent from his recent speech before the Na-
tional Press Club, where he challenged the
premises of American participation in a
Taft is of the opinion that if the Rus-
sians plan to seize Europe eventually, they
will not now sit by and let us build a force
able to thwart that ambition. And he fears
that the present effort to build an army
there will precipitate the intensely hot
World War HI we all still have some hopes
Of course no one but Stalin can say for
sure that any plan can prevent war, but we
are proceeding with the thought that, right
now, the only means to peace is a military
balance with Russia. Our stockpile of atom
bombs is responsible for that balance now,
but the balance is shifting as Russia builds
more atom bombs. It is hoped that a Euro-
pean army would -compensate for our di-
minishing effective atomic superiority. It
would have the additional virtue of guar-
anteeing as much as possible, the safety of
our much needed allies.
The argument presupposes that Russia
will be deterred for three years by our atom-
ic superiority while we build -'a European
army. Taft's rebuttal to this is that our in-
dustrial and scientific know-how created
the superiority and will be able to maintain
it. And if it is our atom superiority that is
deterring them from war then we have no
need, now or in the future, for a European
army whose expenses might well topple our
While it is true that we may be able to
maintain a lead in atom bombs for an in-
efinite number of years, the significance
of that lead is subject to the law of di-
minishing returns. When both the United
States and Russia possess a great nu n-
ber of atom bombs, not only will our pro-
portionate advantage have decreased, but
the value of our numerical advantage may
be completely worthless.
The importance of the bullet in Korea
hs .confirmed the opinion that the atom
bomb (along with other bombs) is a very
specialized weapon. There is a limit to the
number of targets upon which it can be
used effectively. Russia will only need
enough for each of our major cities and
our supply of atom bombs, however great,
will constitute no 'advantage'.
We must remember that if she decides to
attack us, Russia will have the advantage of
surprise; that of the two countries purs pre-
sents the best and most accessible atom
targets; and that Russia has been building
a scattered industrial plant with defense in
mind, while we have built in concentration
for economic efficiency.
Senator Taft has bumptiously asserted
his willingness to sit down and discuss
these issues of foreign policy with Mr.
Truman. For one whose almost single vir-
tus in the past has been an unswerving
regard for constitutional procedure, this
preposterous self-elevation appears to be
The Senator from Ohio has no legal or
political right to determine anything about
the management of the State Department.
We may hope that the forced political inac-
tivity scene of Arthur Vandenberg will not
create a hiatus that Taft will be allowed to
fill. His myopic approach to foreign affairs
in the past has proven him spectacularly
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: VERNON EMERSON
THE NIGHTMARISH violence which the
show business magazine "Variety" takes
delight in working on the English language
appears to invading the academic atmo-
sphere of the college'campus. As proof of
this we submit a headline which recently
appeared in the Lawrence Tech.News. The
paper headlined an account of the Detroit
school's victory over the Carnegie Tartans
in the following fashion:
"Tech's Terrific Toxic Techiique
Tumbles Tartans in Tense Tussle"
,This flair for rampant alliteration had
been previously exhibited in another bas-
ketball story headed:
"Dashing Devils Down Delaware"
Apparently encouraged by these initial
successes the editors have even made a few
attempts at rhyming headlines:
"Kappa Sigmas Decide to Play;
Call on Skitski to Save the Day"
Can this be either poetry or journalism,
H. T. K.
A Change in Changce
COPPERAND NICKEL are in such de-
mand for defense purposes, it appears,
that changes may occur in some of the
United States minor coinage. So readers
should not' be too surprised if the govern-
ment asks them to accept wooden nickels
as legal tender.
Even that might be less bothersome-if
parking meters and telephone coin boxes
LL- M= DREW PEARSON
"Now, One 'Thing More To Investigate--"
WASHINGTON - The U.1. retreat in
Korea has now gone through two dis-
tinct and separate stages.
RETREAT NO. 1-Which began when
we were caught up near the Manchurian
border was a genuine, almo'st headlong re-
treat-a distance of 120 miles back to
around the 38th parallel.. Another phase
of this retreat was a valiant, mile-by-mile
battle by the 10th corps to reach the sea
RETREAT NO. 2-Which began at around
the 38th parallel last week has been a care-
fully planned withdrawal, with supplies
loaded up and ready to move back even
before the enemy hit. It was hoped to give
the impression that U.N. forces were re-
treating in the face of heavy odds, but this
has not really been the case. Our with-
drawal is following a calculated plan to
evacuate most of Korea.
What the American public doesn't gen-
erally realize, however, is that both retreats
have had an extremely bad reaction in
other parts of the world. Furthermore, war
stories published in Europe are frequently
quite different from those published in this
country-especially when it comes to the
reasons for retreating and the size of the
Chinese Communist army.
BRITISH PRESS DISPATCHES
BRITISH NEWSMEN, for instance, at one
time referred to "Mao's ghost army"
and said that British force had not seen
the enemy, for a week. This was during
Retreat No. 1 of the 8th Army when U.N.
forces raced 120 miles southward.
General MacArthur's own confidential
dispatches to the Pentagon give credence
to some of these British news accounts.
During one point in the retreat of the
8th Army shortly before Christmas, Mac-
Arthur actually sent his field commander,
the late Lieut. Gen. Walton Walker, a
blistering cable ordering him to 'make con-
tact with the enemy and be "aggressive"
about it. MacArthur even used the com-
mand "I direct" in his message to Walker;
'also ordered him to "give high priority to
bringing in prisoners."'
It is most unusual for a headquarters
commander to give such blunt orders as
"I direct" to a field commander.
ANOTHER significant point brought out
. in MacArthur's reports to Washington
is that, during the evacuation of the Hung-
nam beachhead, never were the U.N. forces
attacked by any Chinese force stronger
than a company.
Press dispatches from Hungnam made
It apear that the Chinese were throwing
masses of troops at U.N. lines which
fought desperately to hold the beachhead.
However, MacArthur's own reports to
Washington do not bear this out. He
states that no more than one Chinese
company attacked the beachhea'd, and
that not a single American casualty was
suffered during the evacuation.
Though the 10th corps fought one of the
most valiant withdrawals in history to
Hungnam, the real story of the 8th Army's
retreat is not so glorious. Its difficulties
were due in part to poor liaison, poor com-
mand, and to the inevitable problems which
arise when troops of different nationalities
are fighting side by side.
Initial error was MacArthur's failure to
provide for direct battle liaison between
General Walker's 8th Army and Maj; Gen.
Almond's 10th corps. Walker, though .a
Lieutenant General outranking Almond, was
not placed in command, but each had to
communicate back to Tokyo.
And with the 8th Army advancing west
in fanned-out formation toward the Man-
churian border, and the 10th corps advanc-
ing north toward the Siberian border, the
Chinese cleverly hit in between.
FRICTION WITH SOUTH KOREANS
IF U.N. FORCMS had been advancing in a
compact front, instead of fanned out,
the result might have been different. But
on top of this, the 2nd division of the 8th
Army panicked. It had been left behind as
a rear guard for the 8th Army with South
Korean units on its flank. Friction devel-
oped between the South Koreans and the
Americans, including fist fights, and the
Americans were finally ordered to keep away
from the South Koreans.
This led to loss of contact between the
two, so that the 2nd division did not know
the South Koreans had dropped back,
leaving the Americans' flank exposed.
This gave the Chinese a chance to infil-
trate, and the 2nd division panicked and
Four battalions unhooked their field ar-
tillery and made a dash for the south. It
was while thus running that the 2nd di-
vision suffered most of its casualties -
which amounted to over 50 per cent and
caused MacArthur to cable Washington that
the 2nd division was "unfit for further
This terse message may have had a double
meaning-namely, that the 2nd division was
not only decimated by battle casualties but
unfit for further combat duty because of
Note-U.S. Army estimates of Chinese
strength, based on MacArthur's own re-
ports, place the Chinese Army which faced
the U.N. 8th Army at about 96,000 men.
The 8th Army at that time numbered about
100,000 combat troops. This was during the
December retreat from North Manchuria to
the 38th parallel.
THE ASSOCIATED PRESS and United
Press are quietly checking whether their
war correspondents are padding expense
rccounts. The two wire services have asked
the army for a confidential report on what
it costs for a war correspondent in the
field, in order to compare with th e expenses
that the AP and UP men have been turning
in ... . William Paley, head of Columbia
Broadcasting, is in line to head up a new
and very potent psychological warfare bu-
reau . . . The Department of Agriculture
has a foreign policy of its own to spread
sweetness abroad. Secretary Brannan is
trying to develop new export markets for
American honey . . . An eight-year-old boy
who lost his way in the capitol was escorted
to an exit by a big, friendly man . .. "Are
you a guide, sir?" asked the lad. "Not
exactly son-sometimes I get a little con-
fused around here myself," replied Sen. Bob
Kerr of Oklahoma . .. The Pentagon just
doesn't believe the story that Marshal Zhu-
kov is commanding the Chinese Communist
armies in Korea. The last they heard of
Zhukov, he was in the Odessa military dis-
trict, working hard to get out of Stalin's
doghouse because he had been too friendly
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
A rchi tectre Audito ri um
THEY-WERE FIVE with Jean Gabin,
Charpin and Viviane Romance.
FROM ITS engagingly bittersweet intro-
ductory music to its sentimental and
ironic close, THEY WERE FIVE is a subtle,
French treat. Requiring just a few conces-
sions to some of the contrivances of the
supporting action, the main business of de-
picting of the disintegration of personal re-
lationships by time and changing situation
comes off with charm and poignancy.
The French seem to have a talent for
treating things with taste and honesty
(and an obvious sympathy for people,
good and bad) that in other hands would
be bitter or mawkish. In this story of five
men whose friendship is required to sur-
vive the winning of a fortune on a lottery
ticket, they are at their refreshing best.
The denouement of the story won't sur-
prise anyone, in fact much of it has a life-
like triteness. But with one exception the
scenes are put together with such affection
and artistry that the whole business appears
unprofessionally sincere and fresh.
The cast as a whole performs with en-
thusiastic competence, and the performances
of Jean Gabin, Charpin (of the Marius tril-
ogy) and Viviane Romance in the central
conflict are near-perfect. Charpin, as the
rejected husband, achieves a pathos that is
f. -% if
l(~z Iisw\erw-rN os''
INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
UN Cease-Fire Proposal
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
THE NEW UNITED NATIONS proposals for a cease-fire in Korea
represent more "diplomacy for the record," with overtones of
The motions for a new approach to Peiping go forward in
the face of what amounts to a virtual Communist turn-down
The cease-fil'e commission proposal was only hours old, and the
United States had just announced her willingness to proceed with it,
when Jacob Malik said it could not serve as a basis for peace. U.N.
observers declined to take this as the final Russian stand, saying
Malik left himself some loopholes pending irnstructions from Moscow.
But Malik moved so fast, compared with his usual waits for
instructions, as to cause speculation on other grounds also.
It may have been that the Russians knew pretty well what to
expect and were prepared. Or it might even have been that they
were rushing in to make sure that Peiping would not fall, for the
apparently reasonable suggestions.
* * * *
THE PROPOSAL calls for cease-fire with no cloak for new military
preparations, interim arrangements for administration of Korea
under U.N. principles, and an ultimate far eastern settlement by
Russia, Communist China, Britain and the U.S. after gradual with-
drawal of all foreign troops.
From the standpoint of China and Russia, which make war
for the purposes of territorial and political aggrandizement, and
who are winning, there seems little reason why the suggestions
should be entertained. They aren't concerned about loss of life,
or about peace.
On the Allied side, nobody is fooled by the prospects for an ulti-
mate settlement by the big powers.
China is reported ready to negotiate if the Allies will virtually
promise them a U.N. seat and Formosa in advance. That would
be, payment of a reward for aggression, on which the U.S. already
has put down its foot.
Apd there are indications that Russia, who really runs the Com-
muniist show, doesn't really want Peiping in the U.N. anyway.
* * * *
THE PRACTICAL EFFECT of the cease-fire proposals, then, is
merely to delay the American proposal that the U.N. formally
classify China as an aggressor, following up with political, military
and economic sanctions.
Britain, with large commercial interests in China, has tried
to avoid this. In spite of advices from Washington that the U.S.
'intends to hold a beachhead in Korea, London thinks Korea will
soon be written off, and the embarrassing question of sanctions
avoided. She is joined by many other U.N. delegations who would
rather avoid a formal break now, as the world did when Musso-
lini invaded Ethiopia. This really means waiting a while to face
even more dangerous facts of life, just as it did 15 years ago.
So the U.N. will now wait around until the Chinese decide to reply
about the cease-fire. The United States has promised to bring the
aggression matter up again as soon as an unfavorable 'reply is re-
ceived. But many of the other delegations apparently hope that
something will happen before that time to eliminate the necessity
of a decision.
ette/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interestsand will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
the IUS stems mainly from its
leadership, and that the sincere
belief of its followers can be
To the Editor:
countered only by constructive
THE LATEST issue of the policy on our part.
V. F. W. Magazine (Foreign The slanderous attacks of Pan-
Service) brings some commentary Hellenic and other factions are
in its newsletter section which is in no way helping the policy of
anything but edifying. Discussing NSA abroad. It is regrettable that
the appointment of Mrs. Anna Ro- such attitudes exist on this cam-
senberg (as Assistant Secretary of pus as well as others.
Defense), it mentions her placeof Certainly NSA, in its attempt
birth and the charges, not the to be a representative organiza-
countercharges, aboutethis "con- tion, reflects many opinions -
troversial figure," agreeing that but it acts on the will of the ma-
she denies the charges. Then jority. The open and intelligent
comes the climax: "Why Mrs. Ro- atmosphere which NSA is at-
senberg was chosen for this im- tempting to maintain certainly
portant security position when does not justify an attack on an
there were scores of native born, organization whose leadership and
male veterans who could have intentions are solidly American
qualified is somewhat of a mys- and which is working for the best
tery." interests of students here and
Watch out, girls. Even if you everywhere.
are not born in Hungary, you had '-Robert B. Bentley
better get into that kitchen fast Chairman, Mich Region
and get to work on that corn International Commission,
pone (spaghetti is foreign-born NSA
and Franco-American spaghetti is
international, which is e v e n Circle Politics .,.
worse). Women just have no se-
curity... Thgy. are worse security To the Editor:
risks than the pederasts. Look YOU NOTICED that the
what happened to Gen. Eisenho- conservatives have gone so far
er. He had a WAC private secre- to the right, and the Communists
tary. Now he had to go back to have gone so far to the left that
Europe to do his job over again they are shaking hands?
because he loused it up the first I never believed that things
tie went in circles until the Daily
You may join the Ladies' Auxi- Worker and the honest, but mis-
liary, but until the Veterans of directed Senator Taft agreed com-
Foreign Wars becomes more char- pletely on America's foreign pol-
itable, you ought to stick close to icy.
hearth and home and let the rest A few months ago I suggested
of the world go by. that Taft should be elected -
ERICA MORINI, who presented a recital
in Hill Auditorium Thursday evening, is
probably the greatest woman violinist on the
contemporary musical scene. That this same
scene holds such figures as Heifitz and Fran-
cescatti; does not detract in the least from
Morini's stature-it simply explains why we
cannot say (irrespective of sex) that she is
one of the greatest violinists of our time.
When violin playing, or any other re-.
creative art for that matter, reaches the
level of Morini's performance, the border-
line between great and greatest is ex-
tremely subtle and hard to come by. And
it is just at this border-line that she fal-
The difficulty, I should judge, is not a
technical matter; her bowing arm is one of
the steadiest I have seen, and unbelievably
powerful; her technique, while less fabulous
than that of Heifitz, is very nearly flawless,
and her intonation is beyond reproach. Her
tone is beautiful and has considerable indi-
The difficulty lay apparently in the matter
of interpretation, or perhaps, before that,
in conception. Morini appeals to me as an
extremely intellectual musician and as one
endowed with truly musical perception. In
general her interpretations were sensitive
and in good taste, and there were occasional
moments of revelation, in which the inherent
worth and beauty of a score was laid bare.
This was true of the Tartini Variations and
of the third movement Hof the Mozart so-
But there were other moments in which
both the intellect and the musicianship
seemed to waver-moments in which she
seemed to compensate for a lack of under-
standing by means of interesting and even
beautiful, but not authentic, devices. I re-
fer especially to the interpretive shortcom-
ings and rhythmic liberties of the first
two movements of the Mozart.
The post-intermission portion of the pro-
gram was a disappointment. The Spanish
numbers were charming and delightfully
* * * .
NSA Stand . . .
To the Editor:
mainly because he was the more
I stand by- my statement. Taft
is honest-just dumb.
* * *
T ITS inception in Chicago Nazi Army
in December, 1946, t h e
NSA was certainly influenced To the Editor:
by European ideas, and by the
existence of the International W~THAT DOES it mean to every
Union of Students. But the in- American family that Wash-
fluence went about as far as to ington has announced a green
make the organizers think Eur- light for the revival of a Nazi
ope had something good that the Armed force of 200,000 men with
United States did not have. The Gen. Eisenhower in command?
influence went enough further It means that Washington has
to give NSA an international made a deal with the hardened
character out of the realization Hitler war criminals and the
that .among students "a new seg- Ruhr Nazis for a planned attack
ment of society is emerging-a as soon as possible. The leaders
group with recognizable differ- who put us into a racist war
ences." This simply meant that against the colored people of Asia
NSA would always devote a part are uniting us with the foremost
of its energies to promoting exponents of racist bestiality the
peace and understanding in the world has ever known.
INTERNATIONAL S T U D E N T It means that Washington is
COMMUNITY, and if possible answering the latest proposals of
above partisan attachments . . a four-power PEACEFUL SET-
At the Congress this last sum- TLEMENT OF THE GERMAN
mer I had the opportunity to question with the decision to
read a facsimile of the letter still make such a peaceful settlement
being distributed by the national as possible as the government can
Pan-Hellenic. It would. be an un- make it.
dIrstatement to say that it was There is not a single American
untruthful and propagandistic in correspondent in Germany who
nature. I can answer it only by has not informed us that the ov-
pointing to two facts. erwhelming majority of the Ger-
-1. Recognizing that the Inter- man people do not want to fight
national Union of Students is again. It is only the top clique of
Communist controlled, the NSA Hitler generals, Ruhr's cartelists,
decided, at the Congress this and the Vatican Control Politi-
summer, to sever all but the most tions who are ready to start
elementary relations with that another war. To get the German
organization. . people to take up arms will re-
2. Despite this fact, the NSA quire the revival of the Nazis SS,,
was objective enough to realize the old Fascist terror, and the en-
that Communist partisanship in, tire "Master Race," corruption
which cost humanity so dear on-
ly five years ago.
The Bonn regime says openlyt
it will not join Eisenhower's army
as a mere minor part of it, The
Nazi polititions demand the com-
plete revival of their power andj
the acceptance of their AGGRES-
SIVE PLAN for an attack on the1
Eastern countries as their price1
for their "COOPERNATION."
The Acheson deal in 'Brussels
gives Eisenhower the power to
.enlarge the Nazis divisions as he
The Brussels deal is a plan
which depends on the deliberate
provocation of an attack, a war.
The terrible fate which the
Acheson Brussels deal means for
our country was already rehears-
ed in the Korean debacle ....
Everyone of us who sets by and
watches the Administration re-
store the murderers of Buchen-
wald and Dachau, who stay silent
while generals guarantee a new
war on Hitler model, will be
guilty. If you love our country it
is your patriotic duty to challenge
this suicidal and ghostly Brussels
deal with the German Nazis.
-Chester Hunt, Grad.
To the Editor:
ON BEHALF of the Wolverine
Club I would like to thank all
of those individuals and organi-
zations which played such a great
part in planning and executing
the pre-Rose Bowl pep rally for
the football team. We would like
particularly to thank, the Inter-
fraternity Council which finan-
ced the rally. Without their sup-
port and the support of all others
taking part, the rally could not
have been a success.
President, Wolverine Club
Sudden Burst .:..
To the Editor:
TODAY WE learned that eleven
of our fellow . students were
leaving for the service in the next
few days. We feel certain that
many other Michigan men will
also be leaving in the very near
future. It seems to us that it would
be a good idea for the Daily to
publish a column each day with
the names of the new enlistants
and telling something about those
already in service. These names
could easily be obtained from the
Registrar's Officerwhen the stu-
dents withdraw from the Univer-
This sudden burst of patriotism
came upon us when one of our
friends called a fellow today to
ask him to a party only to find
him in the midst of packing away
beer mugs, white bucks, and ar-
gyles in great haste so thathe
wouldn't miss the next express
train to the Great Lakes Naval
Base. Now we ask you, couldn't
the embarrassment of this situa-
tion be avoided?
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of ,the Board in Control- of
Jim Brown............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger.........City Editor
Romia Lipsky ..... Editorial Director
Dave Thomas............Feature Eldtor
Janet Watts............Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan.......Associate Editor
James Gregory.......Associate Editor
Bill Connolly............Sports Editor
Bob Sandell . . . .Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton .. Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels........Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schalble....Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau....... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz.... Circulation Manager
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Horrors! The awful face af my
window! If was YOU, O'Malley!
My Aunt Lou sent me
Yes, i'm in a detective set. And
the Private my Fairy Godfather's
[Eye game- using it, but he can't
LNo. But don't worry,
Gus. I have a feeling
Il find something-r
17 t .1