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January 11, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-01-11

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DANGEROUS TREND
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State NO
VOL. LXI, No. 78 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1951

TEMPERATURE CHANGE
SIX PAGES

Quick Wage,
Price Freeze
Not inSight
General Controls
Are Not Planned
WASHINGTON-O")-Economic
stabilizer Alan Valentine announc-
ed last night that the government
has shelved any idea of an im-
mediate "across-the-board"\ wage-
price freeze.
A plan for a quick price freeze,
to last 30 days while the govern-
ment considered more permanent
measures, had previously been un-
der consideration. In fact, price
director Michael V. DiSalle had
prepared a tentative order calling
for such a temporary freeze g
BUT HE AND Valentine dis-
closed at a news conference that
the idea had been dropped.
"We have come to the definite
conclusion that we do not plan
any general across-the-board
stabilization or freeze of prices,"
Valentine said.
He went on to emphasize that
the same goes for wages.
* * *

f
f
r
J
t
L

Troops Stabilize
Korean Front
BattleRages South of Rail Center;
Reds Mlass Forees for New Attack
TOKYO-(A')-Hard-driving American, French and Dutch troops
today stabilized the critical central Korean front line after a seven-
hour battle.
One company entered Wonju yesterday but pulled out last night.
An Eighth Army spokesman said the main battle with Communist
forces raged four miles south of the central Korea rail and road hub.
* * *
A TANK-LED company of parka-clad soldiers entered Wonju
yesterday after moving northwest up a road from Chechon. The com-
pany found the town unoccupied and withdrew southwestward down
-a road leading to Chungju.

,
S

Marshall
To Recr

Urges
it 18-

Congress
Year- Olds

U

0I

HE AX.D DiSalle said
would continue with selective
trols in specific industries.
auto industry is the only

ti
co
T
0)

h
01
I7

where price ceilings have been i
volved so far.
During the day, John L. Lewi
said that if the government
slapped ceilings on wages an
prices it would "put the econ
omy in irons."
Labor can produce enough R
purposes of war or peace if lei
free to operate under normal c
lective bargaining, he told th
wage stabilization board.
LEWIS WAS the first of a seri
of labor and industry leaders w
will appear before the wage boar
headed by Cyrus S. Ching. Th
objective of the conferences is
arrive at a formula to gove
wage increases during the d
fense emergency.
Another who appeared wa
Ira Mosher, spokesman for th
National Association of Manu-
facturers and the -Associated
General Contractors.
He said in a statement issu
after the closed meeting that an;
national wage policy should 1
aimed at stabilizing wages b;
areas or regional labor marke
rather than industry-wide.
Mosher opposed making tl
Wage Stabilization Board a
agency to handle labor dispute
which he thought would compl
cate or confuse other issues
"The cost of living and oth
escalator wage increase clauses i
contracts should be permitted t
operate but only to the exter
that they do not violate natiom
wage stabilization policy," Moshe
said.
Morini to Play
Choral Union
ConcertToday
Erica Niorini will bring he
$45,000 Stradivarius into Hil
Auditorium at 8:30 p.m. today
when she presents a violin recita
as the first post-Christmas vaca.
tion concert of the Choral Unior
Series.
Miss Morini who began he
career in Leipzig as an eight-year-
old child will be accompanied by
Leon Pommers at the piano.
* * *
THE CONCERT will be opened
with the playing of "Largo" by
Vivaldi-Corti.
"Variations on a Theme of
Corelli" by Tartini and "Con-
certo No. 5 in A major, K. 219"
by Mozart will also be heard
before the intermission.
The second . half of the pro-
gram will begin with Miss Morini's
playing of Leo Weiner's "Sonata
in F-sharp major, No. 2." "Ritmo
di tango" by Castelnuovo-Tedesco
will follow and the concert will
be concluded with two of Sara-
sate's "Spanish Dances," the first
and the eighth.
Miss Morini has been featured
as soloist with major symphony
orchestras and music festivals
from coast to coast.
Besides her many tours in this
country and Europe, she has ap-
peared in Australia and the
Orient. Miss Morini,' now a citi-
zen of the United States, makes
her home in New York.

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n
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1'h
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Noted Author
Lewis Dies
In Rome, Italy
Sinclair Lewis, noted American
novelist, died early yesterday in a
Rome clinic after being stricken
by a heart attack.
Lewis, who had been living in
Florence, Italy, was taken ill last
December and entered the clinic
Dec. 31 for treatment.
* * *
"THERE CAN be no doubt of
Lewis' lasting influence on Ameri-
* * *
a I
i

Other American forces, aug-
mented by French units, have
been'attacking up the Chungju
Wonju road against heavy oppo-
sition. The patrol which entered
Wonju ran into two enemy pla-
toons after moving back a mile
and a half down the road to
Chungju.
The Chinese and North Koreans
massed powerful forces along the
70 miles between Wonju and
Osan, 28 miles south of Seoul.
They appeared to be getting ready
for a new offensive that may chal-
lenge Allied air supremacy for the
first time in the war.
S* * *
U.S. EIGHTH army intelligence
reports said a Communist ground
force of up to 280,000 men was
building up along the front. It
was backed up by 500 Chinese Red
warplanes and 200 North Korean
tanks.
Intelligence sources said that
the Red planes were available at
any time for use across the 150-
mile, peninsula-wide front.
The planes have never been used
in combat. If they go into action
in strength, it' will be the first di-
rect challenge to the Allied air
arm in the more than six months
of fighting.
Intelligence said the planes
probably were located at bases in
Manchuria. The tanks were mass-
ed near Seoul. Presumably the
planes as well as the tanks were
Russian-built.
The American column that bat-.
tled back into the key road and
rail center of Wonju through small
arms and mortar fire found it
empty of Reds.
SL Opposes
Zoning Plan
The Student Legislature came
out strongly last night against the
proposed alternate zoning revision
now under discussion in the city
council, because the revision would
"discriminate" against co-op and
league houses, while favoring fra-
ternities and sororities.
In a unanimous vote, SL voted
to work toward having the amend-
ment altered to include all the
group houses.
The amendment was first pro-
posed by Prof. A. D. Moore, chair-
man of the City Council ordinance
committee, as an alternative to
complete banning of the group
houses from the top-zoned east
side areas of town. He suggested
the formation of two kinds of "A"
zones, one of which would permit
the location of fraternities and so-
rorities, to the exclusion of co-ops,,
league houses and other group
dwellings.
There will be an open hearing
to discuss the amendment on Jan.
19 in the Council chambers.

~Truman Calls
For Balanced
SBudget Policy
Program May
Include Sales Tax
WASHINGTON - (A") - Presi-
dent Truman wants taxes raised
high enough to balance the bud-
get during the costly rearmament
program.
Secretary of the Treasury Sny-
der gave notice of the President's
deep-dip tax plans at a news con-
ference yesterday.
* * *
ALTHOUGH the Treasury chief
gave no figures, the program if
enacted may mean an increase of
nearly 30 per cent over the pre-
sent level, which is designed to
bring a record of $45,000,000,000 or
more into the government vaults.
It also may mean a federal
sales tax.
Snyder said Truman will offi-
cially lay down his pay-as-ypu-go
policy to Congress in his economic
message tomorrow and his budget
message next Monday.
* * *
"THE PRESIDENT is going to
say that the taxes to protect reve-
nues should be levied to balance
the budget," Snyder declared, add-
ing that the details would be pre-
sented in a special tax message
before Feb. 1.
Pending those messages, there
was no official indication from
the Treasury or the White
House on the kind of taxes de-
sired or even the size of next
year's budget which they are to
finance.
However, a Democratic congres-
sional leader who is in close touch
with Administration plans said of-
ficial discussions revolve around a
$70,000,000,000 budget and about
$15,000,000,000 more taxes,
Senator Anderson (D -NM)
confirmed meanwhile that a na-
tional sales tax has been discussed
as a possibility, at a meeting be-
tween some senators and some
high officials in the executive
branch of government.
A general manufacturers excise
tax already has been suggested as
a big revenue producer by Rep.
John McCormack of Massachu-
setts, the Democratic leader of the
House. He renewed the suggestion
.yesterday.

BATTLE LINE-Heaviest Korean fighting was reported in the
areas around Osan (A) and Wonju (B). Yesterday the town of
Wonju changed hands*twice as the UN forces took and then aban-
doned that city.
Acheson Has No Plans
For Consulting Sen. Taft
WASHINGTON-M)-Secretary of State Acheson said yesterday
he is always ready to discuss American foreign policies with Republi-
cans in Congress but has no plans for calling in Senator Taft (R-
Ohio)
The Administration, he noted, already consults the minority party
through Republican members .of the Senate Foreign' Relations Com-
mittee.
Acheson made these remarks at a news conference when reporters

U S. Industry
To Get Large
Arms Order

A

Y SINCLAIR LEWIS
s * s *
can literature," Prof. Roy W.
Cowden of the English Depart-
ment declared last, night. Prof.
Cowden added, however, that in
recent years Lewis had lost his
r position as a leader to Ernest
Hemingway. "As a writer, I think
Lewis had finished his work a long
time before he died," he said.
Born in Sauk Center, Minne-
sota in 1904, the author spent
the greater part of his lifetime
m Europe, notably Italy. Most of
his books were written there.
In 1930 Lewis won' the' Nobel
Prize for his novel "Babbitt". He
was the first American to be
awarded this honor.
* * * ,
IN 1926 Lewis was offered the
Pulitzer Prize, but refused it onl
the basis that there were others
more deserving than he.
Among the more famous oft
Lewis' books are "Main Street",7
"Arrowsmith", "The Innocents",
"Dodsworth" and "It Can't Hap-t
pen Here".
The critics termed the yearst
1926 to 1935 Lewis' most produc-i
tive period of writing.1
It was in 1935 also that Lewisc
acted as one of the judges for tlhe
fiction division of the Hopwoodt
Contest at the University.]

I-

REVIEW ALL ISSUES:

Big Three Draft New
Peace Note to Russia

<s----------

E
IT

PARIS - (A') - Reliable sources
said yesterday the Big Three
Western powers have drafted a
new note to Russia asking her to
state unequivocally whether she
is willing to discuss all questions
threatening world peace.
The informants said the note
was drawn up in Washington by
U.S., State Department officials
and the French and British am-
bassadors to the United States.
THE BIG SNAG in arrange-

lieve there is a fair chance for
get-together.

al

1I
I

World News
Roundup,
By The Associated Press
LONDON - Europe's influenza
outbreak, which already has taken
nearly 200 lives, showed no signs
of receding last night, and a se-
vere outbreak has occurred in
Greenland.
S* * *
WASHINGTON - Announced
American combat casualties in
Korea rose to 42,713 yesterday,
an increase of 2,537 since the
Defense Department's last pre-
vious weekly report.
* * *
LANSING - The Senate Busi-
ness Committee recommended yes-
terday that Senator-elect Charles
C. Diggs, Detroit Democrat, not
be seated by the Senate, but made
no recommendation on the con-
tested seating of another Detroit
Democrat, Senator-elect Anthony
J. Wilkowski.
* * *
TOKYO-All news of United
Nations ground fighting in Kor-
ea will go under the control of
U.S. Eighth Army headquarters
today.
** *
TAIPEI, Formosa-The Nation-
alist Defense Ministry yesterday
reported there was strong evidence
the Chinese Reds will move into
Indo-China with "volunteers," us-

t
t
Y
t
E
f
J
a
c
Y:
g
n
r
P
h
c
r

DETROIT - (A) - "Undersecre-
tary of the Army Archibald Alex-
ander said last night that Ameri-
can industry will get from $2,-
000,000,000 to $2,500,000,000 in
arms contracts monthly through
June of this year.
In a speech prepared for deliv-
ery before the American Society
of Automotive Engineers, Alex-
ander added that more than $4,-
000,000,000 will be spent this fiscal
year for tanks and automotive
production alone.
He said that no army contract
awarded to date will "directly"
stop production on any existing
automotive assembly. He went on
to say that "there is no doubt
that many companies will soon
have cut-backs in civilian produc-
tion" because of defense needs
and the scarcity of raw materials
for civilian items.
Hillsdale Students
Riot in Protest
HILLSDALE - Angry students
at Hillsdale College burned the
dean of men in effigy yesterday in
protest at his alleged demand for
handwriting samples from colle-
gians to use in solving a two
month old robbery.
The dean emphatically denied
requesting the handwriting sam-
ples.
The students claimed that he
had asked all students to write
copies of the note found with the
returned stolen goods which read
"We are sorry."

*questioned him about Taft's offer
'uesday to "sit down with the
President or anybody else" in the
Administration to work out a bi-
partisan foreign policy.
Taft made the offer in a speech
at the National Press Club in
which he charged the administra-
tion with giving Congress only a
yes-or-no choice in major foreign
policy decisions.
Acheson rejected Taft's idea
that, in formulating military poli-
cy, the United States must write
off the United Nations as a mere
"debating society." Acheson con-
ceded that a UN failure to solve
the Korean crisis would diminish
its prestige and power, but said it
would be an overstatement to con-
tend that survival of the interna-
tional organization depends on
achieving a settlement.
Only Tuesday, Acheson said, he
had a useful talk with Senators
Ferguson (R-Mich) and Gree (D-
RI) on their trip to the Far East
and Middle East."
Counsel Rests
PerjuryCase
NEW YORK-)-The govern-
ment rested its perjury case
against William W. Remington
yesterday with testimony that he
became a Communist because his
father was a capitalist "stooge"
and he wanted to improve "the
general situation."
Remington is on trial accused
of perjuring himself in stating
falsely before a federal grand jury
last year that he never was a
Communist party member.
Robb F. Kelley, Philadelphia in-
surance executive and former
Dartmouth College classmate of
Remington, was the final govern-
ment witness.

The Payoff
LOS ANGELES - () - Dr
Francis E. Townsend, 84 years
old, who gained fame as an
advocate of an old age pension
system, yesterday applied for
his own old age pension with
the Social Security adminis-
tration.
The.Social Security Bureau
said Dr. Townsend and his wife
will draw a joint pension of
$105 a month starting about
Feb. 3. The retired physician
is entitled to Federal Social
Security payments as an em-
ploye of his own pension or-
ganization which was incor-
porated in 1933.
Eisenhower
Makes Visit
To Lowlands
THE HAGUE-(')-Gen. "Ike"
Eisenhower carried his Atlantic
Pact survey trip yesterday into
two small countries whose fear of
oncoming war is great and whose
military strength is limited.
He spent the first part of his
day in Belgium. Then he flew to
the Hague to learn what the Dutch
could contribute to the defense of
Europe. '
THESE ARE two of the little
countries which make up the
greater number of the 12 Atlantic
Pact nations, yet can offer little
to its support.
So far as the- United States is
concerned, that doesn't make
any difference. The territory
these little countries occupy must
be defended as diligently as the
big countries if the Atlantic
Pact is to mean anything.
Both in Belgium and Holland
the General had an enormous task.
It was to convince these people
that defense against Communist
encroachment was not only pos-
sible, but was a good gamble that
the West must take to save itself.
Both countries made the formal
gestire of committing their de-
fensive forces to Eisenhower's
command. Belgium did it through
a statement from Prince Royal
Baudouin. Holland sent her agree-
ment to the Belgian Foreign Min-
ister, Paul Van Zeeland, who also
is chairman of the North Atlantic
Pact Council.
Leave Korea'
Ferguson Says
KALAMAZOO, Mich. - () -
U.S Senator Homer Ferguson (R-
Mich) said last night that Ameri-
ca should pull out of Korea "as
the lesser of two great evils."
Ferguson, here to address a Kal-
amazoo College Convocation, made
the statement in a .radio inter-
view.
"The Korean situation is very
blue," he said. "But with what
facts I can get today, with nobody
on our side, without having had
help in advance, we can't afford
to' lose our men to save our face.
Therefore I think that we have
to get out. It's the lesser of two
great evils."
Ferguson said people in the Far
East don't understand Commu-
nism as Americans do.
"They think of Communism as
part of their independence move-
ment" he asserted.

Total 'Take'
At 550,000
Favors Dropping
UMT Program
WASHINGTON -(P)- Imme-
diate universal military' service
starting with a draft of 450,000
18-year-olds this year was urged
on Congress yesterday by Defense
Secre'tary Marshall.
Mrs. Rosenberg, assistant Sec+
retary, s t o o d firm in the
face of questioning by Senator
Saltonstall (R - Mass) w h i c h
brought out that the actual "take"
of 18-year-olds this year would be
550,000 counting 75,000 who would
be in college under various mili-
tary schooling programs and thou-
sands of others in uniform but
taking special military courses in
school.
* * *
IMMEDIATELY, at least, the
questioning revolved more around
the age limit and service term
proposals than the long-range
plan for training all youths niithe
future and requiring service by
them.
The Defense Secretary ex-
plained that the world situation
had led the defense department
to back the new proposal in
place of the training-only plan
previously advocated for the fu-
ture.
As sketched by Marshall and
filled in by Mrs. Rosenberg, the
system would work like this:
1. Only about 450,000 of the es-
timated 1,050,000 reaching 18
would be actually inducted the
first year, partly because that is
all the service could handle well.
In practice those nearest their 19-
th birthdays would be taken unless
they got individual deferments.
The plan would aim at taking sub-
stantially all the non-deferred eli-
gibles in later years.
2. Students usually would be de
ferred to graduate from high
school or finish a college year..
3. Those called would get a min-
imui of four months training be-
fore they go into regular service.-
4. For the first three years of
the plan, 75,000 a year would be
deferred for study in medicine, the
sciences and other needed special-
ties, but they would get their four
months basic training first and
would owe 23 months service."
Secretary Marshall and his aide,
discussing educational deferments,
emphasized that there would be
precautions against building up
"an 'aristocracy' of either educa-
tion or wealth."
Mrs. Rosenberg said the selec-
tions for deferment would be made
upon "general qualities of intel-
lect and leadership" and not sole-
ly scholarship.
Educators Set
Draft Program
For Students

FRANCE'S interest in a Big
Four meeting was reflected in a
declaration yesterday by Defense
Minister Jules Moch:
"However rocky, tortuous or
uncertain seem to us the con-
versations that willtake place,
they should be continued-come
what may"
Moch's remarks might be in-
terpreted as designed to arouse
more enthusiasm for. four-power

Sets Year's

PONTIAC QUADRUPLETS:
Two Pairs Make Full House for Dad

ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.-(A __
College authorities yesterday set
aside their several plans for the
military induction of young men
and agreed to a 10-point program
for consideration by Congress.
College presidents and deans
from 675 institutions said in a
declaration on manpower they
were "actively aware that the na-
tional welfare must take prece-
dence over otlier considerations."
In a three-day meeting of the
Association of American Colleges,
delegates expressed dissatisfaction
with the Selective Service Act as
it operates now.
They brought to the meeting
.fears that many of their smaller
institutions would be, closed by
"wholesale" induction of college
age men.
One point which the educators
proposed in their program:

i

PONTIAC, Mich.-(M)-Kenneth
Rosebush, father of four daugh-
ters, often bewailed the female
predominance in his household.
He wanted a son and yesterday

Rosebush, a wiry, shy stone
mason from nearby Oakwood, is
36 years old. His wife, whose
weight skyrocketed from 135 to
174 pounds during pregnancy, is

specialist, and Dr. Harold F. Stahl,
the family physician, delivered
the quads in a total of 90 seconds.
First came a four-pound, three-
ounce boy, then a three-nound.

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