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January 10, 1951 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1951-01-10

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BUTLER CAMPAIGN
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

Daitt.

PARTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXI, No. 77

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 10, 1951

'SIX PAGES ;

UN!I
Austin Rules
Out War on
ChinaPropei
Four Point Pla
Given for Peac
By The Associated Press
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.
America's chief UN delegate, Wa
ren R. Austin, last night outlin
a four point proram to meet tI
Korean crisis, but ruled out ax
direct war against the Commu
ist-held China mainland.
Austin said the high strategy
American policy is to stand fa
to the principles for which t
United States entered the Koreas
war, while continuing to welcon
any honorable and peaceful se
tlement.
"WE MUST never let the a
gressor, be he large or small, cor
vert temporary military success
into the defeat of those prine
ples," Austin said in a speech b
fore the Association of America
Colleges.
"That is the high strategy
For the day to day tactics w
'A must rely upon consultations o
the United Nations and deci-
sions of the commanders, secure
however, in the knowledge tha
no responsible authority pro-
poses to march into a morass of
the China mainland."
Austin said the United Stat
is trying to line up support for
program featuring these point
1. A finding that the Chine
Reds have flouted UN authorit
and committed aggression in Kc
rea.
2. A reaffirmation of UN pin
poses in Korea, calling for t
withdrawal of the Chinese Con
munists and for all UN membei
to refrain from assisting the ag
gressor.
3. A call for each member t
support action decided upon b
the UN in proportion to its abil
ity.,
4. A move to activate Immedi
ately the newly created collectiv
security committee to consider th
means to meet existing aggressio
and prevent further aggression.
In London Britain and India
were reported last night seek-
ing a compromise between
American and Communist Chin-
ese positions to end the Korean
war and so sidestep a United
Nations showdown.
At Lake Success, the UN pre
pared to make one final appeal t
Peiping for peace in Korea be
fore taking up an American de
mand that the Chinese Commun
ists be branded as aggressors
Declare War
On Chinese,
Capehart Says
WASHINGTON -(A) Senatoi
Capehart said last night he woulk
vote for a declaration of wa
against China to give Americar
men fighting in Korea every
chance to go after the Chinese
Communists who are killing them

The Indiana Republican made
that reply to a question asked him
on a radio debate by Senator
Lehman (D-Lib.-N.Y.)
CAPEHART said that if he had
had anything to do with it the
United States never would have
had troops' in Korea in the first
place.
Later he told reporters he
wanted to emphasize that the
U.S. should not stand by a~nd
permit the Chinese to kill Amer-
ican boys and then deny the
boys the right to go get, them.
Capehart also said in the debate
that he would like to see Secre-
tary of State Acheson and the
U.S. delegates to the United Na-
tions resign their posts.
Marquis Childs, columnist who
appeared on the program, asked
Capehart who he would name sec-
retary of state if Acheson re-
signed.

orces

Drive

Reds

Back

Near

onju

o,

* * *

* # "

*

O fficials Ponder
U.S. Sales L evy
$10 Billion New Revenue Needed
To Finance Huge Defense Program
WASHINGTON-(g)--A nation-wide sales tax designed to raise
10 or $15 billion dollars a year is under discussion among high
officials, Senator Anderson (D-N.M.) said yesterday.
Anderson disclosed this in a speech before the Maryland Farm
Bureau at Baltimore after President Truman asserted that the nation
must be taxed "until it hurts" to finance the huge defense program.
Anderson said:
"I was in a gathering in Washington in the past 10 days at
which high and responsible officials discussed the possibility
that there would be such a gap between receipts and expenditures
in our budget that we would have to resort to a nation-wide sales

Short Hints
4,500,000
Army by '52
Reserve Policies
Blasted by VFW
By The Associated Press
Rep. Dewey Short (R-Mo.) hint-
ed the nation's armed forces may
rise to 4,500,000 by the summer of
1952 and said all 19-year-olds will
see at least two years service.
Short, a member of the House
Armed Services Committee, said
that the old concept of military
training as six months training
followed by inactive service on re-
serve lists is completely dead.
"We have insufficient manpow-
er to afford this luxury," he ex-
plained.
*

i
l i

Bonn, Talks
On German
Troop's Open
By The Associated Press
Allied and German generals
opened secret talks in Bonn, Ger-
many, over adding West German
troops to the Atlantic Pact Com-
mand of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-
hower, whose expeditionary armies
finally crushed Hitler's Wehr-
macht against the Soviet anvil less
than six years ago.
4 A dozen military and civilian
experts joined in a three-hour
conference whose object, a com-
munique said, was "to explore the
part which Germany might as-
sume for the maintenance of peace
and in the common defense of
Europe."
S 5 *
AN ALLIED delegate said the
meeting, to be followed by an-
other next Tuesday, was "useful
and friendly." ,
Two generals of Hitler's de-
feated army, Hans Spiedel and
Adolf Heusinger, were in a five-
man German delegation closet-
ed with the representatives of
the United States, Britain and
France at the hotel, the head-
quarters of the Allied High Com-
mission.
The conferees discussed techni-
cal aspects of Western measures
intended to avert the threat of
World War III. The 12 Atlantic
Pact nations want a force of 150,-
000 West Germans among 1,000,-
000 troops to be placed under Eis-
enhower by 1953.
The Germans have made it
known that they want equality
for their troops and sweeping
political concessions from the
occupying powers if they decide
to take up arms again.
Meanwhile, Gen. Eisenhower
arrived in Brussels with a de-
mand for strong troops and a pro-
mise that, with them, Western ci-
vilization can be preserved with-
out fighting.
Brussels was the General's sec-
ond major stop on a tour that
began Sunday in Paris and will
ultimately take him to all the
countries banded together in thea
North Atlantic Alliance against
aggressive Communism.

tax designed to bring in ten or
fifteen billions of dollars annually.
I don't know whether that will
come or not but I say it's a pos-
sibility."
SENATOR BYRD (D-Va.) sug-
gested a sales or transactions tax
probably would have to be con-
sidered if the nation is to be put
on a pay-as-you-go basis as it
presses its defense preparations.
Aiming at possibly $10,000,-
000,000 in new revenue - the
third big increase since the
Korean war started, Congress
leaders arranged to start work
Feb. 1 on the problem of how
to raise the money.
Byrd told newsmen :
"I feel certain that, if the bud-
get is balanced, Congress not only
must cut all non-essential govern-
ment spending and increase the
existing sources of revenue, but
also enter new fields of taxation
-probably such as a retail sales
or transactions tax."
Truman's grim statement that
"it is necessary to tax until it
hurts" was made in a conciliatory
letter to Byrd, an ardent economy
and pay-as-you-go man, with
whom he has clashed frequently'
on fiscal policy. The Senator madeI
public the letter.I
Obviously offering an olivel
branch to Byrd in the spirit ofI

IN AN ADDRESS on selectivE
'service before the 37th annual
meeting of the Association of
American Colleges, Short said:
"For reasons of military se-
curity, I cannot discuss the sub-
ject in as much detail as I would
like, but it can be fairly said
that Washington is rife with
rumors attributed to 'informed
sources' that the 3,500,000-man
figure is from 500,000 to 1,000,-
000 lower than the goal being
sought by the summer of 1952."
Short said "it is inescapable
that every 19-year-oldiyoungster
physically capable of military ser-
vice must serve."
* * S
MEANWHILE, Omar B. Ket-
chum, director of the Veterans of
Foreign Wars, said in Washing-
ton that most reservists are "like
fleas on a hot skillet", because
they are subject to call on such,
short notice.
Testifying before a House Arm-
ed Services subcommittee investi-
gating reserve policy, Ketchum
said'defense chiefs should be able'
I to say well in advance just what
I reserve units will be needed and
when.
He proposed 90 days as "fair
notice."
In other developments:
1. The Navy announced it will
order 47,000 enlisted reservists to
active duty during April, May and
June. The revised quota is 32,000
more than the Navy had expected
to call during the three-month
period.
2. The Navy said it will accept
only 21,200 volunteer recruits dur-
ing the rest of January because
the training cenlters -at Newport,
R.I., Great Lakes, Ill., and San
Diego, Calif., have reached their
manpower limits.
The Air Force has announced
similar action. It said only 1,000
recruits could be sent daily to
Lackland Air Force Base in Texas
until sometime in the spring.
World News

l
f

HOLD-UP-A train jammed with refugees (left background) is forced to wait while a British Cen-
taurian tank crosses a railroad track south of Suwon in Korea. Both are fleeing advancing Chinese
Communists. Meanwhile, the United Nations forces gained close to three miles on the central front
in a drive to capture the transport center of Wonju, now in Communist hands.
* * * * ,

Army Tightens' Korean
Censorship Restrictions

his State of the Union message
call for cooperation, Truman ad-
dressed his letter "Dear Harry,"
and told Byrd:
"I am very highly pleased with
your pledge of,. support in the;
present emergency.
Burke to Head
Li uor Board
George J. Burke; Jr., local at-
torney, was yesterday elected
chairman of the three-pan Mich-
igan Liquor Control Commission.
Burke, who was appointed to
the commission two weeks ago by
Gov. G. Mennen Williams, was
nominated by his Democratic col-
league John J. Kozaren of Ham-
tramck, The nomination was sec-
onded by Allen B. Milham, Kala-
mazoo Republican, and the elec-
tion was automatic.
. The governor had indicated that
he wants Burke to pay special at-
tention to problems of enforce-
ment of state liquor laws. The
commission has come in for heavy

TOKYO -(IP)- Censorship re-
strictions on battle news from Ko-
rea were clamped down hard at
Eighth Army Headquarters yes-
terday.
The new rules threaten ouster
or even court-martial for a cor-
respondent who strays out of fine.
AMONG OTHER things, corre-
House Arms
Group Okays
Navy Boost
WASHINGTON-();-A $2,000,-
000,00( program to add power to
Navy punches with a 60,000-ton
"super" aircraft carrier and 172
other new ships went through the
House Armed Services Committee
yesterday in a bare two hours.
The swift approval of the auth-
orization measure, only one day,
after it was offered by committeei
chairman Vinson (D-Ga.), was
striking evidence of the temper
of Congress under the lash of
reverses in Korea and worldwide
Soviet threats.
IT WAS TAKEN as. a sure sign
of a clear road ahead for rearma-
ment proposals, so long as they
add to this country's own defense
sinews.
The bill approved yesterday
also provides for modification
and conversion of 291 existing
vessels.
The committee made sharp in-
creases, in both new building and
modernization, from the figures
first proposed by Vinson.
Regent Hayward
Remains in Coma
University Hospital officials said
yesterday that the critical condi-
tion of Regent Ralph A. Hayward
remained "unchanged."
Hayward has been unconscious
since Thursday when he was op-
ierated on to relieve inter-cranial
pressures.

spondents are not permitted to
use the word "retreat" .in connec-
tion with the withdrawal of UN
forces. The pullback, according to
security officers in Tokyo, is a
planned and orderly withdrawal--
not a retreat.
Stories from Korea will not
be allowed to mention identity
of units, numbers of troops or
their type, the strength, effici-
ency, morale or organization of
UN forces, armament or equip-
ment of any kind, or "plans of
the army-real or possible.'"
Information which would "in-
jure the morale of our forces. or
our allies" or which would "em-
barrass the United States, its al-
lies or neutral countries" also was
banned.
* * *
THE CENSORSHIP is absolute,
since the army rigidly controls
communications out of Korea.
One section of the new regula-
tions warns newsmen that they
may have their privileges suspend-
ed if the office of their publica-
tion or organization should re-
write a dispatch and distort it in
the process.
War stories written in Tokyo are
submitted to a "press advisory
board" which checks them for se-
curity. The board still has not
been notified to put the Korean
regulations in effect here.
Leave Colony,
YanksAdvised
HONG KONG-(Y')-The U.S.
Consulate General yesteiday ad-
vised all American dependents to
quit this British Crown Colony be-
cause of "the deterioration of the
situation in the Far Eastt"
Consul General Walter P. M.
McConaughey insisted the warn-
ing was "more or less precaution-+
ary." He saw no actual emergency

Weakness In
Large Arm
Seen by Taft,
WASHINGTON - (IP) - Sena-
tor Taft (R-Ohio) declared yes-
terday that creation of a great
American land army would weak-
en the United States"as an "arse-
nal of democracy" in the struggle
against Communism.
Instead, Taft proposed a 10-year
middle course policy aimed at the
fastest possible mobilization with-
out crippling the economy.
But Taft said the United States
will "have to go to war with'the
Russians if they attack Western
Europe.
In that case, the Senator add-
ed, the whole situation would be
different.
COUNTERING President Tru-
man's call Monday for the defense
of Europe as the keystone of
American security, Taft again
urged a mighty buildup of U.S.
air and sea weapons rather than
emphasis on ground troops.
The Ohio lawmaker said he
favors the complete release of
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-
Shek's Chinese Nationalist forc-
es to fight the Chinese Reds.
Once again, as he did in a ma-
jor policy. speech to the Senate
last Friday, Taft discounted the
threat of another great war soon.'
MEANWHILE yesterday, Harold
Stassen-optimistic of chances for
world peace-said any Russian ag-
gressive war would touch off an
internal soviet revolt.
'Back from a world tour, the Re-
publican president of the .Univer-
sity of Pennsylvania said:
"While there are very real
dangers of world war, the pros-
pects for world peace are
brighter than at any time in the
past three years."
He gave as one reason for this
opinion:
."People everywhere, including

Allies Move
To Capture
Vital Center
Gain Three Miles
On Central Front
BULLETIN
WITH THE U.S. SECO D
DIVISION, KOREA-() - Ad-
vance elements of the U.S. See-
ond Division advanced to with-
in two miles of Wonju early to-
day in a drive to retake the key
central Korean rail and road
hub.
North Korean Communist
forces hurled a strong retalia-
tory blow at the counterattack-
ing Second Division elements a
short time later.
TOKYO - (MP)-Furious Allied
counterblows yesterday drove the
enemy back nearly three miles on
the vital central front near the
fallen transport center of Wonju.
A field dispatch said the coun-
ter-attack appeared designed to
recapture Wonju. The city fell to
the Reds Monday. It controls
highways leading into southeast-
ern Korea.
* * *
AS THE counter-attack gained
momentum, the UN forces ran
into enemy mortar fire but cas-
ualties"among the attackers were
light.
Three North Korean divisions
were bearing the weight of the
counter-blows about four miles
south of Wonju.
The attackers strove to stem the
tide of Chinese and Korean Com-
munists rolling in ever increasing
waves down the mountain roads
in central Korea.
ONLY PATROL action was re-
ported in the west on the front
south of fallen Seoul for the
fourth staight day. But the om-
inous buildup of\ Red Chinese
power continued.
Associated Press correspon-
dent John Randolph, with the
UN columns falling back from
Seoul and now more than 60
miles south of the 38th parallel,
said the Red buildup "appeared
to he planned for the strongest
possible attack when the drive
begins."
This was the first report that
Chinese artillery had been dragged
south of the ice-jammed Han Riv-
er, which flows past Seoul.
* * *
FIGHTING in the center of the
front raged near Wonju. Two UN
battalions turned two miles south
of Wonju and attacked a North
Korean fprce. The fight was still
in progress at last reports.
Six miles southwest of Wonju
another fierce action forced
back the enemy.
The counterattack was in regi-
mental strength. It was loosed
north of Chechon, another trans-
portation centeron the road net-
work to the south. Chechon is 60
miles south of the 38th parallel.
Stacy Set for
Prison Unless
Young Appeals
Robert H. Stacy, convicted for
firing Haven Hall, appeared to be
on his way to Southern Michigan
Prison at Jackson for sure today
as his attorney failed to appeal
for an extended stay of sentence.

Leonard R. Young, Stacy's law-
yer, said however that he might
make the appeal today after con-
ferring with Circuit Judge James
R. Breakey, Jr.
"I DIDN'T want to make the ap-
peal yesterdayas I want to be
sure of how such a move will turn
out," Young said.
He noted that an extension
could still be granted if he re-
quested it. The temporary stay
* of sentence expired Monday.
Breakey's office reported that as
no appeal had been made the
judge would probably today sign
the committment papers that

END OF THE WOI

LLD?

criticism for its methods of hand-
ling violations.

Canadian Cult Awaits
Message from. Heaven'

i
I,

By The Associated Press
ROME--The United States has
given Italy the go ahead signal
on' a $416,000,000 program of em-
ployment and factory expansion
to turn Italy's industries, into an
arsenal for the Atlantic Pact Pow-
ers, reliable sources said last night.
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia -- A
new Yugoslav newspaper, the
Weekly Informative News, said
in its first issue yesterday that
appeasement of Russian ag-
gression can only lead to en-
slavement.
* * e
NEW YORK-William Reming-
ton's lawyer clashed with the

in the offing. the iron curtain countries, want
Nervous Americans, however, peace and freedom and the Rus-
have watched the Chinese build sian Kremlin faces a counter-rev-
up their armed f o r c e s this olution, which will include the Red
month to more than 45,000 on the Army itself, if it begins an ag-
border of this uneasy colony. gressive war."

KEREMEOS, B.C.-(P---Flick-
ering lights shone from an isolat-
ed stone farm house last night as
"K" day drew to a close without
the heavenly portent expected by
hymn-chanting members of a
strange religious sect.
For 15 days the 35 members of
the "children of light" have await-
ed a mystic change. Some said it
would be the end of the world.
Others thought it would be the
second coming of Christ.
THIS WAS "K" day. K, the cult-
ists said, stands for the Kingdom.
of God. But if there was any man-
ifestation within the cottage -

I ear-old vyouth from nthe house.

i

The boy's mother says he has been court yesterday while trying to

hypnotized. . prove that the government's star
Police are now considering the witness, Elizabeth Bentley, "has
complaint. They can issue a an interest in the prosecution of
warrant allowing forcible entry I the defendent."
for removal of the youth.WASHINGTON-Senator Me-U
Earlier, Mrs. Grace Agnes Carl- (ASINGTONs.}.hleneto ec
son, 50-year-old cult leader, prom- Carthy (R-Wis.) .challenged the
ised school trustees that 11 chil- Army yesterday to tell whether
dren in the group would be back columnist Drew Pearson is be-
in their classrooms todaying allowed access to secret mii- Presid
The leaderooms toay. tary messages at the Pentagon soft-peda
Telae, who wears a flow - --and if so, why. n hsS
ing white robe and red cape, re- n4 s Mnday
flected irritation at the inter- WASHINGTON-The Agricul- serving
ruptions by outsiders. ture Department predicted yes- sartiga
9 7 -;partisan
terday that meat prices-already! national
Y T";* A ~ ~ .. Q L e-x the subject of deep governmentJ

CILIATORY ADDRES S':
Init y Seen as Truman's Objective

By
ent
Aled
tate
in
the
fo

CAL SAlRA ing of ground troops to Europe
Truman deliberately -a hot question at the moment,
controversial issues he continued.
of the Union address Nor was the Administration's
the interest of pre- Asian policy made clear, he ex-
outlines of our bi- plained. "Mr. Truman speaks of
reign policy and our supporting economically and mili-

In it Truman asked for unity,
but added:
"I do not ask, or expect, unani-
mity. I do not ask an end to de-
bate. Only by debate can we ar-
rive at decisions which -are wise,
and which reflect the desires ofj
the American people. We do not

Iunity.

tarily 'all free nations,' but he

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