See rage 4
Latest Deadline in the State
CLOUDY, COLD, SNOW
VOL. LXI, No. 72 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1950
Top Students 2-A
WASHINGTON -(p)- Advisors
to Draft Director Lewis B. Her-
shey recommended yesterday that
the deferment of college students
a be basednon their ability topass
intelligence or aptitude tests.
The 27 advisors are members of
six committees of educators ap-
pointed two years ago to recom-
mend a draft plan that would pro-
vide not only soldiers but enough
students to fill the jobs in science,
medicine and other fields neces-
sary to national welfare.
* * *
THE COMMITTEES, headed by
H. H. Tryten, director of the office
of Scientific Personnel at the Na-
tional Research Council, recom-
1. Selective service create a spe-
cial classification, 2-A (S) for stu-
dents whose demonstrated "edu-
cation aptitude" is such that his
professional training program be
continued "to increase his poten-
tial value to the national health,
safety and interest."
This educational aptitude
would be defined as the ability
to pass a general classification
test (intelligence or ability test)
with a sufficiently high grade to
indicate special promise of com-
petence in the prfessional field
he may have chosen.
3. He also must be certified by
an accredited school, college or
university in which he has been
enrolled as giving promise of defi-
nite progress in higher education.
The certificates would go only to
students whose standing in their
classes, based on grades and other
rating, is above a certain percent-
After graduation a student would
be given a short period to get an
essential job in his profession.
IF HE DID not he would be sub-
ject to induction for a period cal-
culated this way: one year for each
year he was deferred beyond the
present draft age limit of 26. As
an example if he were deferred
three years in an engineering
course, he would be subject . to
draft until he was 29 years old;.
if deferred 10 years in medical
studies he would be subject to
draft until he was 36 years o.d.
Tell Reds To
By The Associated Press
United Nations truce negotiators
have appealed directly to Peiping
for a meeting to discuss a cease-
fire in Korea.
They indicated a willingness to
" go to Peiping or anywhere else
to talk over the plea yesterday at
LESTER B. PEARSON of Cana-
da told the 60-member Assembly
Political Committee yesterday that
Blasts Red Forces
North Koreans Join Chinese;
Fail to Penetrate UN Defenses
TOKYO-(IP)-American soldiers fought ferociously all day 3;5-
terday and far into the night to contain fresh North Korean and
Chinese Communist forces attempting to break through the con-
tracting Hungnam perimeter in northeast Korea.
Off shore, the mighty battleship Misxouri added the heavy power
. of its nine 16-inch and twenty 5-inch guns to the defense. The heavy
cruisers St. Paul and Rochester and a host of destroyers already were
hurling constant streams of fiery metal into enemy positions ringing
* * * *
A U.S. TENTH CORPS spokesman identified a "very aggressive"
North Korean regiment as spearheading the Red attempt to drive
they last remaining United Nations in northeast Korea into the sea.
Previously only Chinese troops have opposed UN forces along the per-
An estimated 100,000 Chinese are taking part in the drive, with
O at least one fourth of this force
committed on the Hungnam
The spokesman confirmed that
fi so far the Chinese had been un-
M odll able to burst through the line cur-
11 .toan.d by naval grunfire and straf-
TROPHY OF THE VICTORS-Coach Bennie Oosterbaan shows
the football used by the Michigan Rose Bowl team of 1902 to de-
feat Stanford, 49-0. Standing to his left in the background are
tackles Tom Johnson and Bruce Barthlemew.
YEA TEAM-Cheerleaders on the steps of the Union lead a crowd of about 2500 students in a cheer
at yesterday's pep rally. Crowding around the sides in the foreground are photographers and mem-
bers of the Marching Band.
* * *
BRUSSELS, Belgium - Cabinet
ministers of the 12 Atlantic Pact
nations announced last night they
have approved firm steps to form
an international army, including
Germans, for the defense of West-
ern Europe against Communist
This step, in defiance of threats
from the Soviet Union, was tak-
en at a three-hour meeting yes-
terday afternoon behind closed
doors. A final decision will be
Conference officials said the
plans call for 55 to 60 divisions
and air and sea forces, totaling at
least 1,000,000 men, by the end
* * *
Big Crowd Cheers Departing Gridders
By BOB SOLT
A silver streamliner gliding over;
the mid-west plains this more;g
is carrying the Michigan squad on
its way to their grid battle on New
WASHINGTON - (A') - The
White House arranged special
night sessions in the railroad dis-
pute last night after several hours
of discussion of the "wage situa-
Negotiations were steered by
John R. Steelman, assistant to the
Year's day with the Golden Bears
At exactly 1:25 p.m. yesterday,
the 13-car Michigan Special pull-
ed slowly out of the New York
Central station, only 20 minutes
after the University enthusiasti-
cally sent the team on its way
with cheers of "do it again-49-0."
* * *
JAMMED TOGETHER at the
pep rally to wish the Maize and
Blue good luck were Governor G.
Mennen Williams, Provost James
P. Adams, 10 cheerleaders, bands-
men, and about 2500 students.
The cheerleaders pumped re-
sounding cheers from a crowd that
was noticeably larger and more
high-spirited than Michigan pep
rallies usually are. And about two-
thirds of the Marching Band,
dressed in colorless civies, played
and sounded as if all of the usual
135 members of the band were
SPEECHES were brief, but good.
"I have no speech to make, but
I want to thank all of you for
this wonderful rally, and for the
way you have supported the team
and coaches during the year,"
Coach Bennie Oosterbaan said.
* * *
OOSTERBAAN was handed the
football used by the 1902 Michigan
team to defeat Stanford in the
Rose Bowl, 49-0. Later before he
boarded the train at the station,
he tossed the football to an aide.
Making an unexpected appear-
ance was Governor Williams,
who came to Ann Arbor with
General Carl A. Spaatz to gath-
er materil that is to be used
for boosting Michigan as the
site for a proposed national air
When the crowd shouted "Roll
'em up," Soapy waved back genial-
ly, and in a good-natured man-
ner joined in the chant. A cheer-
leader reminded him that he was
the target of the crowd's chant,
and the Governor then obliged.
* * *
HE LOUDLY voiced his admira-
tion of the team and coaches, and
expressed confidence that the 49-0
score on the football presented to
Oosterbaan would be duplicated in
the coming tussle at Pasadena.
(Continued on Page 6)
WASHINGTON - (P) - Presi-
dent Truman yesterday asked
Congress to restore certain World
War II powers permitting him to
adjust defense contracts and cope
with other aspects of the boom-
ing mobilization program.
Specifically, the President re-
quested the lawmakers for quick
legislation reviving authority he
held under titles one and two of
the first War Powers Act of 1941.
* * *
TITLE ONE permitted the Pres-
i d e n t to "create, consolidate,
transfer or abolish" Federal agen-
cies. Title two allowed him to mod-
ify contracts to avoid "undue de-
lays in production."f
Truman also said he expects
to ask still further emergency
authority when the new 82nd
Congress meets in January.
He did not say what new powers
he had in mind.
* * *
Meanwhile, the government took
a searching look at meat prices as
it moved to throw its anti-infla-
tion machineryr into high gear.
Economic Stabilizer Alan Valen-
tine conferred behind closed doors
with meat industry officials, with
beef, veal and lamb in the spot-
light because they are selling high-
enough to come within the scope
of the Economic Controls Law.
It was indicated that the talks
would be little more than "explora-
tory" at this time.
That is what happened in the
auto industry. And when some
companies refused to comply with
Valentine's request for voluntary
h o 1 d-the-price-line action, the
government stepped in last Satur-
day with a mandatory rollback on
price boosts for new cars to Dec.
TO COMMAND the unified * * *
force, the ministers are expected A WHITE HOUSE spokesman
to ask President Truman to ap- said that the wage problems had
point an American officer. There not been settled at the afternoon
is little doubt that it will be Gen. meeting and that the night parley
Dwight D. Eisenhower. did not necessarily mean that ag-
Yesterday they approved two j reement was near.t
plans, one for German partici- However, considerable progress
pation of up to 150,000 Germans was indicated by the stepped up
in a European army, that had negotiations since lasteweek's
been prepared by the foreign wildcat strikes were ended and
ministers' deputies. most of the negotiators were op-
The other plan, drawn up by the Steelman brought the negotia-
Military Committee of Chiefs of tors face to face Sunday night for
Staff, outlined the organization of the first time since the roads were
such a force, provided for an seized Aug. 26.
American commander and drew Late in the day the Toledo
the line of his authority, workers agreed to end their re-
* * * ported "illnesses" and go back to
SEVERAL of the ministers, in. work.
cluding Acheson, are expected to Just what effect a wildcat strike
make speeches on the world situa- yesterday on lines feeding out of
tion today. In the afternoon, and Toledo would have on the negotia-
probably again in the evening, tions was not immediately learned.
there will be a get-together of the Unofficially, at least, some car-
big three--Acheson, British Fore- riers were willing to accept the
ign Secretary Ernest Bevin and explanation that it was a "wild-
French Foreign Minister Robert cat" demonstration by workers
Schuman. who reported off "sick."
Corp. stopped the sale of 1951
model autos yesterday.
The world's biggest car produc-
er reportedly asked the govern-
ment to modify its order rolling
back prices on new cars to the Dec.
After GM took its new cars off
the market, economic stabiliza-
tion officials in Washington said
they had been advised that the
corporation was telegraphing to
Washington details of its proposal
for modification of the rollback.
* * *
GM OFFICIALS declined im-
mediate comment on the report.
A spokesman for the Economic
Stabilization Agency in Washing-
ton said price stabilizer Michael
V. di Salle has already been given
"rough details" of GM's Ideas.
The corporation notified its
Chevrolet, Pontiac and Cadillac
dealers that until further notice,
all cars delivered to them on or
after today will remain the
property o GM and are not to
be sold unl further notice.
The action was taken, GM said,
"pending an examination of the
discriminatory order of the Eco-
nomic Stabilization Agency af-
fecting passenger car prices, in-
cluding the possible effect on
Last Saturday the Agency order-
ed car prices cut back to Dec. 1
levels. This affected increases an-
nounced by Chevrolet, Pontiac,
Buick, Cadillac, all Chrysler di-.
.visions, Ford Mercury and Lin-
coln and Nash.
Meanwhile, Walter Reuther,
head of the million member CIO-
United Auto Workers, said yes-
terday he will fight any Federal
attempt to freeze wages in the
By The Assocted Press
WASHINGTON-The Senate Fi-
nance Committee last night ap-
proved a multi-billion dollar ex-
cess profits tax bill, though last
minute changes sliced some mil-
lions from the measure's expected
* * *
STOCKHOLM, Sweden - A
Foreign Office spokesman said
last night Sweden sees no need
for participation in the Mar-
shall plan in 1951.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Walter Reu-
ther, head of the million-member
CIO-United Auto Workers, said
yesterday he will fight any Federal
attempt to freeze wages in the
* * '*
WASHINGTON - The House
passed and sent to the Senate yes-
terrav a hill t iv ench m mhr
l~ m y luu U 11 AUU
THE MISSOURI was hurling
salvoes of shells at Chinese Reds
holding northern ridge position
overlooking the flatlands ap-
proaching Hungnam. Her 16-ini
guns have a range of well over 20
On f left flank and to the
west toward burning Hamhung
the Reds were pinned 'down by
the navy bombardment. Thus
far the big Red force has been
. unable to bring artillery into
While dlied ground forces made
their last stand in North Korea,
the Far East Air Forces, support-
ed by American and British car-
rier pilots and flying Americh
Marines, carried punishing offen-
sive operations against the Reds
to the edge of the Manchui ian
* * *
HIGH FLYING B-29 superforts
carted 160 tons of bombs to four
Communist communications cen-
ters, dropping about half of their
load on the east coast port of
Wonsan. The remaining tonnage
w a s dropped on Pyongyang,
Chongju a n d Kongunyong in
Fifth Airforce fighters and
bombers, Navy planes based on
the carrier Theseus made heavy
rocket and jellied gasoline fire
romb raids in excellent flying
The western Korean front still
was described as "quiet."
Defense bill-urgent legislation
tagged for passage before Christ-
mas-cleared the House Armed
Services Committee yesterday by a
The Senate Armed Services
Committee reached unanimous
agreement Saturday on a similar
measure with the expectation of
sending it to the floor for action
REP. VINSON, chairman of the
House committee, ticketed the
House bill for passage Wednesday.
The Civilian Defense Program
is expected to result in an outlay
of at least $3,100,000,000 over the
next three years by the Federal
and local governments.
The Legislation before Congress
is a blueprint for the establishment
and operation of a Federal Civil
Defense Administration, which
would cooperate with state and lo-
cal defense set-ups. The national
government could match dollar
for dollar any state funds set.aside
to build public bomb shelters.
The new agency would be head-
ed by a $17,500 a year admini-
sratnr atnexpe tn ed torilari d1
MY LITTLE HATCHET:
Woodchopping Pledges Fined
For Nocturnal Treenapping
Three Alpha Sigma Phi pledges
chopped their way to the atten-
tion of Dean Erich Walter, local
police, Municipal Court Judge
Francis O'Brien, and Ann Arbor
The tree just matched the des-
cription given by George Brown,
who reported earlier that some-
one had chopped down and made
off with his prize tree.
resident George Brown early Sun-
day morning when they decided Alpha Sig president James
to get a Christmas tree free. Howe, '51, confessed that the trio
The three amateur lumberjacks; ! had been sent out with orders to
Michael Roman, '52E, Raymond "get a tree," but that he had no
Walmoth, '54, and Gurnee Bridge- idea they would perpetrate such
man, '53, were caught by police a crime.
at 2:27 a.m. Sunday at Hill and The three were fined $16.25 each
Washtenaw with a 15-foot spruce by Judge O'Brien yesterday, and
strapped to their car. ordered to restore a similar tree.
it was still too soon to expect
an answer. rIFCCH IT MAS
The appeal went out Saturday IFC CHI STMAS
but was not disclosed until yes--
The committe adjourned all its!
work until the negotiators have S a n ta V :
something new to report.
* * *
IT REFUSED to heed Jacob A.
Malik's demands to take up Rus- By FLOYD THOMAS
sian charges that the United Santa Claus came to town yes-
States' Formosa policy makes it terday to delight almost 4,000
guilty of aggression toward Red youngsters packing Hill Auditor-
Pearson, Sir Bengal N. Rau St. Nickrceived a lone a nd loud
i sits 4,000 Children at Hill Auditorium
. : .
youthful iconoclast shouted that
St. Nick's stomach was falling out
-the absolute truth.
But the tots gave thei: un-
qualified annroval to gvmnastics
Pie-throwing by "The World's1
Funniest Clowns," a female duet
pantomiming Christmas records,
and a balancing act rounded out
T .. -- - X .. ..___ ... -
I r ' .3 E