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December 16, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1950-12-16

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SAI Uii DAY, DECEMBEiR 16, 1956

: : .¢

America's Plight

S AMERICA doomed?
The possibility might have been scoffed
at- a few years ago. But today the danger
is becoming increasingly evident.
Well organized hordes of Red soldiers are
relentlessly shoving-us out of Korea. As the
Chinese Communists flex their muscles, mil-
V lions of poor, illiterate people throughout
the world watch in awe.
Steadily, surely, the false but glowing ap-
peal of Communism is taking hold. Wherever
there is poverty, misery, and insecurity, the
ringing pr6nVises of Marx and Lenin and
° Stalin are providing a misdirected answer to
the hopes of multitudes.
Aeanwhile the Soviet Union is building
'"with in its own boundaries. Resources are
being tapped throughout its width and
breadth. Millions are in uniform. Russia's po-
tentialities are unlimited. With ever-increas-
; ing development from Leningrad to Vladivo-
stock,sand with multiplying support from
perimetral nations, the Russians have the
means of becoming the most powerful force
on earth, and the most deadly.
And their declared purpose is .to engulf
their, opponents, among which America is
thee supreme target. Can they do it? Can
they send our economic system, our religious
r and our society into crumbling disorder?
With- Russian strength gaining speed and
momentum, our position is indeed tenuous.
Only by united effort can we avert disaster.
COULD have dealt Communism a kill-
ng punch after the war by improving
the filthy shocking living conditions extant
4 throughout much of the world. But we al-
' lowed magnanimity and foresight to suc-
cumb to a normal desire to stuff our own
' pocketbooks and our own bellies.
Many of us did recognize the wisdom of
the Marshall Plan and Point Four aid for
underdeveloped countries, but those were
trickles compared to the need throughout
the world. They were too little, they were
t too late, and the Brickers and McCormicks
still don't comprehend their necessity.
Now, with the present crisis calling for
action of a more immediate nature, our
well-intended, long-range programs of eco-
nomic assistance are passing into dormancy.
In their stead we are forced to speed up
arms production and put millions into uni-
The switch to an emphasis on defense is
well illistrated by the Withdrawal this week
j of Marshall aid to Great Britain. The as-
{G sistance was suspended because Britain has
seen a marked improvement in her economic
healthy But does this mean the British peo-
ple are well off? On the contrary, their aus-
tere way of life is at a near rock-bottom
Gaunt,; pale and skinny compared to
their continental neighbors, the British
have forgotten the meaning of comforts
such as goodfoodand good clothing.While
* is true 4hat Britain has strengthened
her position in the world, she has done
ti by ignorid luxuries and taking in her
sr belt.
Th United States must now make similar
acbriflices. We must mobilize to a state of
full readiness, and in so doing expect a long
grim siege of discomfort and privation. For
we are enveloped in a national and inter-
0 national emergency the magnitude of which
has seldom been approached in the history
of this country.
iOnce we gird ourselves with adequate mil-
itary might we will be confronted with
2 the task of making some tough decisions

which will shape world events for years to
come. Russia may ease our decision-making
considerably by plunging us into an all out
war. And If Russia doesn't do the declaring
many have suggested that the United States
take the iniative itself.
But an attack by this country on the
Soviet Union would only lead to chaos.
To anyone who has walked the streets of
Cologne or Bonn or Duesseldorf, the fact is
crystal clear that the next great war will
decide nothing and will leave in its wake
only death ,and wholesale ruin on an unbe-
lieveable scale.
OUR COURSE once we become militarily
powerful must instead point for the
maintenance of peace. It could come through
eradication of the world state system and
establishment of a universal government,
with Russia entering on our terms. More
likely, it would take the form of continued
containment of the Reds, only this time it
would be a containment backed by arms
and strengthened by a genuine build up of
the primary industries and educational facil-
ities of backward countries. It would not be
a static containment, but an ever-tightening
one which would render Communism im-
This is the only workable method of con-
tainment, and the only genuine way to build
friendships throughout the world and buck
Communism simultaneously.
Whether future events dictate a contain-
ment policy or a full-scale war, we must
prepare now.
It will call for untod sacrifice, and
that sacrifice must begin with the mobili-
zation outlined last night by the President
of the United States.
The strain on all of us will be tremendous.
But if America's will is strong and sincere,
we may hope and pray that some day our
efforts will bear fruit, and that we will be
alive to see that day.
-Bob Keith

TI'E ACHIEVEMENT of lasting peace in
this atomic age is one of the greatest
challenges mankind has ever had to face.
And yet activity on the part of the peo-
ple in the non-Communist world and par-
ticularly in America aimed at alleviating
the threat of war has been practically non-
Peace has been an activity monopolized
by Communists. Their efforts such as the
Stockholm Peace Appeal and Peace Cong-
resses have made a great impression on peo-
ple throughout the world who fear the pos-
sibility of an atomic war. But the Commu-
nist efforts at finding solutions to the in-
ternational crisis have been barren of any
fruit mainly through the lack of sincerity
and objectivity that characterize their ef-
Realizing the need for sincere and objec-
tive investigation of the possibilities for
peace, a group of students have organized
a conference to explore the various courses
that may be followed in the interests of
The Peace Conference, which will begin
at 10 a.m. this morning at Lane Hall will
hear the approaches of four influential
schools of thought on the subject: inter-
nationalism, Christian pacifism, the pas-
sive resistance methods of Gandhi and
the approach of UNESCO. The Confer-
ence will also be open for presentation of
ideas on the subject held by individual
participants. Each proposed approach will
receive thorough consideration in the pa-
nel sessions.
There is no activity that deserves greaterR
support than the sincere objective work foi
the cause of peace that will be undertaken
at today's conference.
-Paul Marx


(k 1,


The Daily Official iulletin is an
official publication of the University
of Michigan for which the Michigan
Daily assumes no editorial responsi-
bility. Publication in it is construc-.
tive notice to all members of the Uni-
versity. Notices should be * sent in
TYPEWRITTEN form to ,Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3 p.m. on
the day preceding publication (1I a.-
m. Saturdays).

VOL. LXI, No. 70


Women Students: Because of
the Union dance, all women stu-
dents have a 1:30 a.m. late per-
mission on Sat., Dec. 16.
Twelve o'clock permission for
women students has been author-
ized on the nights indicated for
the groups listed below. Judiciary
Council requires that the nameRf


The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in len'gth, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in'good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


--Conant Plan

Conant has called for enactment of Uni-
versal Military Service-a plan that could
change a good deal of American living. But
it is a plan that, because of the threatening
world situation, must be adopted.,
As the editors of Look Magazine, who
xprinted President Conant's plea, said, it
is a program for survival. Conant himself
warned that unless we keep three million
men under arms for years to come, Russia
may feel that she is far enough ahead in
the paper armaments race to begin a gen-
eral war.
Acceptance of a plan which would put
every male in the armed forces upon high
school graduation is made exceptionally dif-
ficult for Americans who have always had
an extreme distaste for militarism.
Vntil the world situation cools off a bit,
however, there is a necessity for maintaining
a large armed force. President Conant's plan
seems to be the most feasible for providing
this force.
Probably the biggest protest against the
idea has come from educators who claim

that there must be a pool of leaders as well
as fighting men in time of emergency. They
point out that colleges exist for the purposes
of training these men. They have suggested
an alternate plan which would exempt'quali-
fied students from service until they had
completed their college education.
But all the educators agree on one thing:
every man will have to serve at one time,
whether it be before or after college.
Accepting the principle of UMS does
not mean that there must be a total sub-
mission to militarism. Setting up a tem-
porary plan would be in keeping with a
policy of attempting to solve the present
conflict peacefully.
At first the program would have to be
worked out on a staggered basis so that the
nation's educational and productive set-ups
are not disrupted by a sudden cut in the
number of men entering these fields. In
this way the country could become so ad-
justed that the two year period would not
seriously disrupt our living.
-Vernon Emerson

W '
l I;
I, g
l l'

Truman & GOP Congressmen

CED Methods . *
To the Editor:
T AM A NEW student at the Uni-
L versity of Michigan and have'
derived almost all, my knowledgeE
of the CED from The Daily's
pages. Once I had pieced together2
carefully the confusion and the1
innuendoes of your December 12th
editorial on the CED, I realized
that Barnes Connable was re-;
joicing over the substitution of
"quiet" behind-the-scene manipu-t
lations for open and honest dis-N
cussion of discriminatory prac-
It is obvious that conferences;
with the administration are neces-
sary, for it is the administration,
which, in some cases, has the
legal power to eliminate discri-,
,minatory practices. But to as-;
sume that such conferences are
not to be supplemented by campus
discussion and activity toward the
elemination of discrimination is,
both naive and undemocratic.
Naive, because it forgets that a
busy administration often needs,
campus groups and activities to,
bring to its attention sharply suchI
questions as discrimination. Naive,,
because discrimination is more3
than phrases inserted in an appli-
cation; it is also interwoven into7
values and social relations. In or-
der to effect improvements in the
latter, the most open and far-
reaching activities are necessary.
How else are those individuals]
who have not done so already go-
ing to be jolted into taking stock]
of their own failures as demo-
cratic people?
Undemocratic, because it as-
sumes that the "quiet" talks and
maneuvers of an elite are alone
intelligent and effective, while
referenda, pamphlets, and other
activities that reach many people
are mere "noise and confusion"
Barnes Connable justifies the
"quiet" conference by saying that
other activity-that is, open and
democratic activity - alienated
people. I wonder. I wonder if it
alienated any more than those
few individuals who feel so psy-
chologically threatened at the
thought of ceasing their undemo-
cratic behavior that they refuse
to talk about it. I doubt that it
alienated the many morally sensi-
tive people who want to be demo-
cratic themselves and to live in
a democratic community. I doubt
that it alienated those foreign
students and members of minority
groups who have suffered because
of discrimination.
On Tuesday afternoon at 1:05,
the day of your CED editorial, I
saw chalked on one of the central
pillars of Angell Hall the words
"Down with the Y.P.A." Under
these words were a picture of a
masked face surrounded by a cir-
cle of fire and the initials KKK!
Perhaps the individuals who
chalked this up had been alienated
last year by the activities of the
CED. P rhaps the individualswho
chalk e this up took comfort at
Barnes Connable's sneering at the
CED's past methods and the Y.P.'s
efforts to eliminate discrimina-
-Natalie Davis, Grad.
World Prospect .
To the Editor:
nition of a low ebb of morale

in the student body is enough to
give a sort of grim satisfaction to
anyone who has been followingt
contemporary trends for some
time. Artists, authors, and mu-r
sicians have been expressing at
general decline in western civili-
zation for decades. Scientistst
have repeatedly warned us that
our social and political attitudes
could have only the gravest con-
It is not that western civiliza-
tion hasn't the ability to experi-1
fence a renascence. The seed and
the vigor are still present, but are
constantly being repressed by a
strong sense of tradition.f
I know that it is difficult tot
outgrow an older tradition, es-
pecially when it is a safer one.1
And unfortunately most of our
authorities are inheritors of the1
older, safer mode of thought.1
President Ruthven's manner ofc
sanctioning UMS was a reflection1
of this..
The danger has arisen as a re-E
sult of the fact that, in the years1
when we should have been modi-
fying our thinking to meet the
changing conditions, we rebelled1
obstinately and refused to recog-
nize change. It is exactly as some
children, too long sheltered, re-1
fuse to accept the greater respon-
sibilities of their advanced ma-
Can't we realize that in this war
our position is changed complete-
ly? Not only are we likely to be1
fighting a long and costly, even
losing, battle, but under the
stresses produced by unceasing
warfare we stand in great danger
of the complete eventual collapse
of our economic and intellectual
structure. Peter Drucker, author
of the article "This War is Dif-
ferent" in the Novembes issue of
Harper'& Magazine, said enough to
indicate that.
I suppose if one is old enough
the results become of little im-
portance to him. But to a youth
the insecurity is overwhelming,
even if he does not understand the
situation entirely.
The idea of preparing one's self
intellectually for a world in which
our whole way of life has become
a shadow is absurd. For archi-
tects, engineers, scientists, and
scholars it is the same. It is as
if you have the fore-knowledge
that. all of your children will be
stillborn. r
Perhaps my interpretation of
the situation is exaggerated. I
don't think so. Nor, apparently,'
does a fair portion of the student
body feel so.
I assure you I derive no satis-
faction, grim or otherwise, from
the present prospect, I plan to be
living in what others term "the
-Gordon Allen.
Bias Clause .
To the Editor:
public writing...; I feel com-
pelled to voice my personal pro-
test against S.L.'s action on fra-
ternities with discriminatory
clauses. As near as I can discern,
discrimination is denying some-
one, on an arbitrary basis, the
right to do what you are doing; in
this case, to deny someone his
rights in such a way that he can
never qualify for them.
Not too long ago, I joined a

social group for people 5 foot 101
inches tall or over. Someone 5
foot 5 inches tall was, of course,
ineligible. This didn't mean that I
was superior to the shorter per-l
son nor that I was discriminating
against him, for at no time did
I ever deny his right to form a1
group of people 5 foot 10 inchesk
tall or under.
I consider it my inalienable
right to choose my friends as I
please, and I believe that a group
has the irrevocable right to select
its members at it pleases, whether1
it wants people with three arms,
or green hair, or seven feet tall,
or what have you. This selection
is a matter of taste, not of superi-
When any group starts to tell
me or an organization I support
that certain tastes we have are
bad and that we must change
them, I think that my rights as
a free-thinking individual in a
democratic society are being en-
croached upon, and I RESENT IT
-Robert L. Herhusky, '51A.
Forum Debate . .
To the Editor:
THE OTHER DAY I happened
to be sitting in the Architec-
ture Auditorium when they held
the Michigan Forum debate on
fraternity discrimination clauses.
I found the debate occasionally
dull, sometimes humorous, and at
times stimulating. But of more in-
terest to me were the comments or
questions and answers of the de-
bating team and the audience.
One of the members of the audi-
ence, apparently a rah-rah fra-
ternity enthusiast, asked Phil
Dawson how he would like to be
forcedto carry him home piggy-
back. I couldn't quit grasp the
analogy this gentleman was try-
ing to make; but Mr. Dawson shot
back that he thought he'd never
get home. To this Mr. Rah-Rah
replied that Dawson wouldn't get
home either. They both seemed
rather determined. I had visions
all night of Mr. Dawson carrying
this fellow all over campus-you
know, like the poor little Boll
Weevil "just-a-lookin-fer-a-
Then Keith Beers put his two
cents in and got more than his
money back. Mr.Beers asked just
what had happened after a simi-
lar measure had been put in af-
fect at Amherst. Ryder, whose
argument against the SL motion
entailed more investigation and
discussion on the subject, replied
that he didn't know, but that he
thought that anyone who felt
qualified to vote in SL favoring
a similar plan "should know. I
thought Ryder made a pretty good
point and that Mr. Beers' face
was a trifle red.
Tom Walsh dragged himself
from his chair and questioned
John Ryder on Al Blumrosen's ex-
tension of time clause. The ques-
tion was good but so involved that
it lost much of its punch. The
gathering finally broke up after a
rather emotional outburst by one
of the.many coeds present. I
thought for a' minute it was Elea-
nor Roosevelt fighting for women's
But to me the debate and sub-
sequent discussion did make cer
tain facts self-evident. First, it
does seem that a part, and very
likely a large part, of SL repre;-
sentatives are not well informed
on the subject. Secondly, the vir-
tues of the legislative plan to
force fraternities to remove their
clauses are questionable. And fi-
nally it seems clearly indicated
that more investigation and study
of the matter should be done be-
fore any legislative action is ap-
proved. Let's hope the SAC rea-
lizes this need and gives John
Ryder and the plan he advocates
careful consideration. People all
over the world are doing a pretty
good job of making social and

political blunders. Let's be care-
-Bill Ellson.

Saturday Luncheon Discussion
Group, Lane Hall, 12:15 p.m.
Speaker: Dr. Dwight Large on the
subject: "The Palestine Problem."
Congregational, Disciple, Evan-
gelical and Reformed Guild: Meet
at the Guild House, 7:30 p.m., for
the Caroling Party to shut-ins.
Canterbury Club: 1 p.m., Work
party, includingfood.
Faculty Sports Night: I.M.
Bldg., 7:30 to 10:30 p.m. All sports
available except swimming, to f a-
culty, teaching fellows, wives,
(Continued on Page 5)

the sponsoring group be specified
on sign out sheets.
December 18 -
Adams House, Adelia Cheever
House, Allen Rumsey House, An-
gell House, Lawyers Club, Lloyd
House-Stockwell Hall, Stockwell
Waitresses, Women's Physical Ed-
ucation Club.
December 19 -
Alpha Delta Pi, Alpha Sigma
Phi-Gamma Phi Beta, Anderson
House, Betsy Barbour House, Can-
terbury Club, Deutscher Verein,
Hiawatha Club, Jordan Hall, Le
Cercle Francais, Mosher Hall-
Hinsdale House, Mu Phi Epsilon-
Sigma Alpha Iota-Phi Mu Alpha,
Phi Kappa Sigma, Stockwell Hall,
Stockwell Hall-Greene House.
December 20 -
Arts Chorale, Gamma Delta,
HinsdaleHouse-Lloyd Hall, Mo-
sher Hall-Strauss House, New-
berry Residence, Phi Kappa Tau,
Phoenix Executive Committee,
Prescott House, Sigma Nu, Theta
Delta Chi, Theta Xi-Alpha Chi
Omega, Yost League House, Zeta
Beta Tau-Sigma Delta Tau.
December 21 -
Chi Phi, Delta Chi, Jordan Hall-
Strauss House, Mosher Hall-Wen-
ley, Nelson International House,
Stockwell Hall.
Academic Notices
The results from the language
examination for the M.A. in his-
tory will be posted in the History
Office, Room 100A, Rackham
Building on Mon., Dec. 18.
Graduate Seminar in Anthro-
pology: Mon., Dec. 18, 3 to 5 p.-
m., Room 3024, Museums Bldg.
Mr. Anderson will discuss the
Cheyenne Indians.
Doctoal Examination for Mor-
tob Landers Curtis, Mathematics;
thesis: "Deformation-Free Con-
tinua in Euclidean n-Space," Sat.,
Dec. 16, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg., 2 p.m. Chairman,
R. L. Wilder.
Doctoral Examination for Cle-
ment Albin Miller, Musicology;
thesis: "The Dodecachordon of
Heinrich Glarean," Sat., Dec. 16,
East Council Room, Rackham
Bldg., 9 a.m. Chairman, Louise E.
Events Today

Looking Back

DENTAL STUDENTS plan a "mass snub-
bing" of University coeds after a recent
poll of 150 coeds termed them the "least
liked" men on campus.
* * *.
British forces carried their lightening des-
eTt offensive over the Egyptian frontier into
TWO UNIVERSITY students received stiff
sentences of $25 each and were placed on
probation for the rest of the academic year
for obtaing liquor Identification cards with
altered birth certificates.
Joint Chiefs of Staif and the War and
Navy Departments announced a new set-up
placing every area where American forces
operate under a single top commander.
-From the Pages of The Daily
Editorials published in The Mwhgan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
New Books
A tthe Library
Bowen, Elizabeth, Ivy Gripped The Steps
New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 1950
Churchill, Winston S., The Hinge of Fate
Boston, Houghton Mifflin Co., 1950
Keyes, Frances Parkinson, Joy Street New
York, Julian Messner, Inc., 1950
Lowenthal, Max, The Federal Bureau of
Investigation New York, William; .oan As-
sociates, Inc., 1950
\ Powdermaker, Hortense, Hollywood, the

WASHINGTON - President Truman's re-
establishment of contact with Republi-
can congressional leaders has created a spi-
rit of unity here in this capital city of the
free world where the prevailing mood now
has become one of grim determination.
When the President called in Republi-
can leaders, along with Democrats, in the
series of mid-week conferences designed to
.mobilize the nation's human and material
resources, he took the initiative in creat-
ing the atmosphere of board of directors
sitting down together to meet an emer-
gency. In a crisis affecting all, he made it
clear he seeks the cooperation of all, ir-
respective of party, to meet it. The minor-
ity stockholders, politically, were encourag-
ed to speak up-as they did.
Never before has the President displayed
with better effect his native talent of deal-
ing with other politicians.
Like the chairman of a board of directors,
he first had the case-the nature of our
emergency-presented by those whosknow it
intimately, Secretary of State Acheson and
General George Marshall, Secretary of De-
fense. It was a stern picture given by Gene-
ral Marshall, who had fresh in mind reports
of the evacuation of 60,000 harried United
Nations troops from Hungnam, after their
bitter and brilliant fight out of attempted
entrapment by the Chinese Red Army.
THE NATURE of the world-wide threat
from Russia's ambitious imperialism as
depicted by the two cabinet officers was re-
flected after the first session by a sober-
faced Senator Taft, spokesman for the Re-
publican leaders present. He said they rec-
ognized that "a dangerous emergency" faces
our people and pledged their support to the
Tsrcien-'.,nrrr- mfnrh flny n m nmil-

powers granted our chief executive, even
in an emergency.
The national emergency declaration does
bestow wide powers upon the President, and,
at a sign of the pen, and without the usual
full debate in Congress. It was wise and
proper to discuss their extent and to have
spelled out the need in particular casea be-
fore proceeding. By the declaration of an
emergency, the President can exercise pow-
ers previously granted by Congress but limit-
ed to circumstances Congress itself has de-
fined, such as those existing now.
WITH SPEED necessary in this crisis, the
process of a declaration of national
emergency was adopted to avoid the neces-
sarily protracted legislative procedure. This
is a short cut we have come to accept in the
recurring national emergencies of recent
years in order to equip our democracy to
meet sudden threats from totalitarian dic-
tators who do not announce their moves in
advance and can act without recourse to a
parliamentary body. But we are properly
careful of the grant of wide powers and like
to define them, as far as possible, and to
set a limit upon their duration. That we
have always done in the past, returning af-
terward to the traditional democratic gov-
ernment of specified and limited powers.
At the initial meeting between President
Truman and congressional leaders a Jus-
tice Department report was presented on
some of the powers that the President
could exercise. under existinr statutes
through a declaration of national emer-
gency. But it was not complete and Re-
publicans sought additional information
which the department was asked to pro-

Sixty -First Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Jim Brown............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger............City Editor
Roma Lipsky.......Editorial Director
Dave Thomas......Feature Eidtor
Janet watts......Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan..........Associate Editor
James Gregory........Associate Editor
Bill Connoily.........Sports Editor
Bob San dell.. .. Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton.....Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans..........women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Bob Daniels.......Business Manager
Walter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible...'. Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz.... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all newsdispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor,eMichigan as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year: by carrier, $6.00; by mail, $7.00.

Yes indeed, Barnaby. Your
Fairy Godfather is whipping
Christmas into shape... I'm
about to order the greeting
cards your folks will send-

_i n

I think a full-color reproduction
of an Old Master would be nice.
Something by Michelangelo?...
Rembrandt? Winston Churchill?
- z IIr


WHAT? Say, who's running
this Christmas, anyway?-
Who put 'up this

Crummy wreath, indeed!
Mr. O'Malley! Pop



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