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December 14, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-12-14

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FOREIGN POLICY
CONTROL
See Page 4

/

Latest Deadline in the State

A6r
:43 a t I
I R

VOL. LXI, No. 68 ANN ARBOR, M1ICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1950

SIX PAGES

SL Passes New,
Anti-Bias Motion
Measure Would Grant Exceptions
To 6 Year Time Limit on Clauses
By RICH THOMAS
The Student Legislature provided a loophole to its Nov. 15 fra-
ternity anti-discriminatory clause motion in a confused and heated
meeting last night.
The original motion required in effect that University recogni-
tion of all fraternities be withdrawn whose constitutions contained
discriminatory clauses after an Oct. 15, 1956, deadline.
* s * *
THE NEW MOTION, which for the most part clarified the re-
tequirements of the old one, added the provision that a fraternity
might receive an extension of the time limit if it could prove that it
pad done everything in its power to get its discriminatory clauses

Kelly Concedes Gubernatorial Race

Both Parties
Agree an Big
Arms Stepup
Favor Statement
Of Emergency
WASHIlNGTON-(IP)-Presidenl
Truman obtained agreement o
Congressional leaders of both par
ties to a "very rapid increase" in
U.S. military strength yesterday
and indicated that he plans a
sharp stepup in home front effort
to support it.1
Truman's proposals to meet the
world crisis were outlined to the
congressional leaders at a confer-
ence with the President, Secretary
of State Acheson and Secretary o
befense Marshall.
a" * M
THE WHITE HOUSE announced
afterward that there appeared to
be unanimous agreement among
she conferees that "our military
strength should be built up with
the utmost speed."
Confirming this on behalf of
the Republicans who attended,
Sen. Taft (R-O) told reporters
'they also agreed fully that "a
dangerous emergency exists for
the people of the United States."
The White House statement said
there appeared to be strong senti-
Ment in favor of declaring a na-
tional emergency, a step which
many of the conferees expect Tru-
Alan to announce in a world-wide
radio broadcast at 9:30 p.m. Fri-
day.
Jury To Weigh
Plan To Defer
Best Students
WASHINGTON-(M--A jury of
citizens will help decide. whether
bright students should be deferred
from the draft.
" Draft Director Lewis B. Hershey
has called 200 citizens, represent-
ing education, labor, industry, vet-
erans' organizations, the press and
radio, to a meeting here next
Monday.
THEY WILL give their opinions
Ifter listening to a report on a
draft plan designed to provide the
nation all the scientists, doctors
and other professional people it
needs, without upsetting draft re-
Squiremients.
The plan proposes an intelli-
gence test as a basis for defer-
ment and details now are being
discussed. '
At present students may remain
in. school until the end of a school
year. And they may be deferred if
they are in the upper half of their
classes.
Hershey's advisory committees
have proposed that the best stu-
dents in all fields be qualified for
deferment if:
They pass an apitude test with
a high mark, stamping them as
most likely to succeed as a skilled
professional man or civic leader.
They have, and keep, a high
scholastic record.
Any plan may conflict with 'pro-
posals for universal military train-
ing.
S * * *
State To Fill
Doubled Quota
PT:ANSINT-(p--/IL lirhigran wll

-removed from its national con-
stitution and that there was a
"substantial probability" that the
clause would be removed in the
near future.
The time extensions, if grant-
ed, would be for a year at a
time. The clarified motion, which
supplants the original one, was
passed as a recomendation to
the Student Affairs Committee.
It is not binding in itself, and
will become effective only if the
SAC approves and adopts it as
a plan of action. The vote on
the motion was 35 to 2 with 8
t abstentions.
f Besides establishing the Oct. 15,
_ 1956, deadline and the possible ex-
tension provision, the clarified
y motion contains the following sti-
,pulations:
FIRST, that all fraternities with
discriminatory clauses in their
constitutions are required to pre-
sent a motion on the floor of their
national conventions asking the
f removal of such clauses and that
they support and vote positively
on the motion.
Also, such fraternities would
have to report to the Student
Affairs Committee each year on
the action taken at their last
convention. If they have not
acted as required by the forego-
ing national convention stipula-
tion, the fraternities would be
"forthwith" denied recognition.
Further, if by Oct. 15, 1956, the
fraternities still had the clauses,
their University ,recognltion would
be withdrawn until the clauses
were removed.
APPARENTLY the SL is not
finished with its consideration of
the fraternity discrimination is-
sue, however, because immediately
following the vote, Jim Moran,
'52, served notice that he would
present a proposal in the next
SL meeting to rescind the motion
which passed last night.
Earlier in the evening,- Len
Wilcox, '52, SL vice-president,
had presented a substitute to
the clarification motion which
would have eliminqted the Oct.
15, 1956, deadline for the bias
clause removal.
1 It was this proposal which drew
most of the attention. Supporters
argued that by removing the time
limit, the danger of forcing fra-
ternities to take hasty action in
their national conventions and
simply transfering the clauses into
either their rituals or into obscure
"gentlemen's agreements" would
be eliminated.
* * *
ALTHOUGH 24 Student Legis-
lators voted for the motion and
only 20 opposed (with one absten
tion), thb substitute was not pass-
ed. As a substitute for a previous-
ly passed motion, it would have
rescinded the former proposal and
such action requires a majority of
the entire body. Such a majority
in the SL is 25.

Victory Goes
To Williams
In Recount
GOP Surrenders
As Lead Grows
DETROIT -(P)--- Former Re-
publican Gov. Harry F. Kelly, the
apparent winner for three days
after Michigan's Nov. 7 governor-
ship election, finally conceded re-
election last night to Democratic
Gov. G. Mennen Williams.
Kelly tossed in the sponge after
twelve days of a recount during
whih weary workers had recheck-
ed more than three-fourths of the
nearly 1,900,000 votes cast.
FOR THREE solid days after
the election the two-time wartime
governor had led Williams by mar-
gins up to more than 4,000 votes.
Williams, however, pulled into
a 1,154-vote lead after the offi-
cial canvass.
Ballots in 3,408 of Michigan's
4,355 precincts had been recounted
when the end came. Williams had
picked up 3,089 additional votes
by that time, bringing his total
margin to 4,243.
These were the totals:
Williams (D) 934,096
Kelly (R) 929,853
The Democratic margin will go
down in history, however, as the
original 1,154 votes-the leanest
plurality in a governorship race
since 1837.
The recount, though not com-
pleted, cost the Republicans $21,-
775-$5 a precinct. Besides victory
for Williams, it brought out num-
erous flaws in Michigan's election
machinery.
Actually, neither candidate
gained a net vote b4t the recount.
It was a case of Kelly losing more.
He dropped 4,318 while picking up
only 173 while Williams lost 1,907
and gained 851.
Court Orders
End to Wildcat
Railroad Strike
CHICAGO - (M A Federal
Judge called a halt tonight to the
Chicago rail strike which the
Army said "directly hurts our war
effort."
But it was not immediately cer-
tain if the striking switchmen
would heed the judge's order.
United States District Judge
William J. Campbell issued a tem-
porary restraining order directing
t h e Brotherhood of Railroad
Trainmen to end a walkout which
has crippled rail freight movement
at Chicago.
It has also caused some passen-
ger train cancellations out of this
big rail center.
The strike today tied up mili-
tary shipments, Christmas parcels
and other freight.
The Post Office Department
said it would mean a major delay
in Christmas mails through Chi-
cago.
The Trainmen's union called the
walkout unauthorized. Union off i-
cials indicated they were powerless
to stop it. But United States Dis-
trict Attorney Otto Kerner, Jr.,
said the strike was a result of
"concerted action" by the union.

REDS

*

*

HEIGHTE

Ti

0

E

'ACU

TI

* * * *

--4

Malik Says
Chinese May
Quit Korea
On Condition All
Troops Must Go
LAKE SUCCESS -(A')- In an
unexpected move, Russia's Jacob
A. Malik said yesterday the Chin-
ese Communist forces will go home
if all "foreign troops" (United Na-
Stions forces) are withdrawn from
Korea.
' This surprise statement came
just before the UN Political Com-
mittee beat down Malik's stubborn
opposition and approved a plan of
13 Asian and Middle East coun-
tries for seeking a cease fire in
Korea.
* *
THE VOTE WAS 51 to 5 with
Nationalist China abstaining.
Malik's statement to the Po-
litical Committee was the first
time any Soviet delegate has ev-
en hinted that the Communist
Chinese would leave Korea. He
told the delegates that several
committee members had stated
that the Soviet demand for the
withdrawal of foreign troops
meant only UN forces and did
not refer to Chinese Commun-
ists. He said he wanted it stat-
ed for the record that Chinese
"volunteers" also would leave
Korea.
Asked after the meeting just
what he meant, Malik told a re-
porter thateif the foreign forces
(meaning the UN forces) are with-
drawn, there no longer will be any
need for the volunteers in Korea
and they would be allowed to re-
turn to China.
told~ e sh de egae htsvr
THERE WAS NO immediate re-
action from the United States or
other western powers.
-Russian opposition to, the
cease fire proposal made it
doubtful that a truce could be
arranged. Malie's explanation
indicated that he expected the
UN forces to withdraw first and
this is a condition which western
delegates indicated they could
not accept.
The General Assembly is ex-
pected to take up this cease-fire
idea today, with approval expect-
ed. It calls on President Nasrol
lah Entezam of the Assembly, and
two persons to be named by En-
tezam, to see if there is a basis
on which a cease-fire can be ar-
ranged.
House Passes
Food Relief Bill
For Yugoslavia
WASHINGTON - (wh) - After
two days of sharp debate the
House yesterday passed, 225 to
142, a bill to provide $38,000,000
in food relief to Communist Yugo-
slavia, which has been stricken by
drought.
The administration bill, which
already has been passed by the
Senate, now goes to a Senate-
House conference committee for
ironing out of minor differences.
Backers contended that the mea-
sure is a wise move on the world
front. They pointed to Marshal
Tito's long split with Moscow and
said his regime must be bulwark-
ed as a barrier against the spread
of Soviet Communism in Europe.
On the other hand Rep. Davis
(D-Ga) told the House that Tito
is as "blackhearted and treacher-

ous a Communist as Stalin him-
self." He said it was a "weak ar-
gument" to contend "our genero-

New Letter
NEW YORK--(P)-PresidentI
Truman sent a letter to the
Salvation Army yesterday prais-
ing it , as an organization
"whose compassion is bound-
less and whose work for the
unfortunate is never ceasing."
Said Association President
Walter Hoving:
"That was a beautiful letter
from the President. I must
confess one is a little nervous
these days when one receives
a letter from the President."
U.S. To Cut
Flowvof Aid
To Eng land
By The Associated Press
Virtually all Marshall Plan aid
to Great Britain will be suspended
after Jan. 1, British and American
officials revealed in a joint state-
ment yesterday.
In a cautiously worded an-
nouncement, the two countries said
the suspension comes as a result
of a marked ia. Iment in Bri-
tain's economic health.
The flow of Marshall Plan dol-
lars may be resumed later if Bri-
tain's condition worsens, it was
emphasized.
AT THE same time, top Ameri-
can officiafs stressed that the
United States would continue to
give Britain dollars to spur her
new rearmament program.
The apparent switch to an em-
phasis on defense was interpreted
by several University economists
as being less significant than it
might appear.
Prof. Charles F. Remen and Prof.
Wolfgang F. Stolper, both of the
economics department, agreed that
the United States will still be able
to bolster Britain's economic
health through defense aid.
Neither was surprised at yes-
terday's action, which came after
nearly six weeks of friendly talks
in London over the need for con-
tinued dollar help.
, *- *

*

*

. EVACUATION-Gen. Douglas MacArthur prepares to depart
from Hungnam, U.S. evacuation port in Northeast Korea, follow-
ing his secret visit to Maj. Gen. Edward Almond, Tenth Army
commander.
Stacy Trial Gets Un derway
As. Court Hears Testimony

By DON MALCOLM
The trial of Robert H. Stacy,
former University teaching fellow
charged with'setting the June 6
Haven Hall blaze, opened in Cir-
cuit Court yesterday as the Courti
quickly picked a nine-woman arW
three-man jury and began hearig
testimo5ny.
Highlight of the day's hearing
was testimony given by Dorothy
Strauss, former University re-
search assistant, who testified she
had seen a man who "resembled"
the accused arsonist near the room

W61
Ro
By Th
BERLIN-
Parliament
law making
any German
works for'
Western Eu
LONDON-

FOLLOWING SELLOUT:
Gargoyle Will Petition
For Board Recognition

IN ANNOUNCING the tempor-
the Council
ary cut-off decision, a joint Bri- North i Atlax
tish-American announcement gave orio Ater
these reasons: tion yester
' plete agreer
1. Britain has made such military r
good progress" ir its economic German pa
comeback that its once-serious grated forc
dollar deficit has disappeared. Western Eu
2. The United States wants to WAH
conserve its dollars because of WASHIN
new and heavier burdens" for tors and F
defense. day, for thi
d''e-e. .against a
The United States had suggest- "ultimatu
ed the discussions last October 1951 car p
after British gold and dollar re- federal cra
serves rose to $2,750,000,000 after
sinking to an all-time low of SINGAP
$1,300,000,000 in September of rounded up
1949. tioning abou
Britain, by far the biggest re- beset Singa
cipient of Marshall dollar help, Raiding
will thus become the first Western stately sult
European country to have most of and seized a
the aid tentatively withdrawn. , nition, crow
Despite the suspension, Britain Then police
will continue for a time to draw house-to-ho
funds from allotments already of the mosq
made. lems held w
FREEDOM OF SILENCE:
Court Ruling E
By CAL SAMRA states that'
Freedom from self-incrimina- compelled it
tion and freedom of speech were be a witnes
put forth as strong arguments in An expe
the recent Patricia Blau case to law, Prof. I
justify a person's balking at some this was a
grand jury questions, Prof. Paul of the Cou
G. Kauper of the Law School de- "It is rat

rid News
gundup
e Associated Press
- The East- German
last night passed a
death the penalty for
;x who believes in and
the rearmament of
rope.
* * * .
-Military Chiefs and
1 of Deputies of the
ntic Treaty Organiza-
day announced "com-
ment on political and
ecommendations for
rticipation in an inte-
e for the defense of
rope."
VGTON-General Mo-
ord held firm yester-
e time being at least,
virtual government
n" to roll back their
rice boosts or risk a
ckdown.
ORE-Police have
101 Moslems for ques-
ut the riots which have
pore since Monday.
squads cleared the
an mosque yesterday
a stock of rifle ammu-
'bars and clubs there.
and troops made a
use search in the area
ue. Most of the Mos-
Nere youths.

where the Haven fire started.
* * *
MISS STRAUSS said she had
just left her Haven Hall office on
the day of the fire when she smell-
ed smpke. Upon investigating, she
saw flames, leaping along the wall
of Rm. G.
Shesaid she saw someone walk-,
walking down the hall and
shouted to him, "There really is
a fire!" According to her testi-
mony, the man did not turn
around or stop walking, but she
thought he "resembled" Stacy.
But Miss Strauss admitted on
cross examination by Stacy's law-
yer Leonard H. Young, that she
could not make a positive identi-
fication. Her testimony was fre-
quently interrupted by wrangles
between Young and Prosecutor
Douglas K. Reading.
* * *
ANOTHER WITNESS, Assistant
Fire Chief Harold E. Gauss, said
he saw Stacy on the first floor of
Haven Hall 11 months earlier
wheni he was called to investigate
another fire.
. Two Janitors, Joseph G. Smith
and Julius Schiller, testified they
had extinguished three separate
fires in trash cans and waste-
paper baskets shortly before the
first started.
In order for the prosecution to
establish that Stacy "willfully and,
maliciously" set fire to Haven Hall,
it was necessary to prove that
there was a loss of property and
that lives were endangered by Sta-
cy's alleged action. To support this
legal point, Reading called Walter
M. Roth, Superintendent of the
University Plant Service, to the
stand.
Roth estimated that it would
cost 1.5 million dollars to build
a structure the same size as the
fire-gutted building. He further
testified that,-on the day of the
fire, there were University stu-
dents taking final examinations in
Haven Hall.
Zelda Clarkson, Stacy's former
girl friend, is expected to testify
at this morning's hearing.

TOKYO - (P)- Chinese Com-
munist forces menacing the Allied
escape port of Hungnam showed
increasing activity today as the
evacuation of the 60,000-man
United Nations army from North-
east Korea proceeded swiftly but
calmly.
U.S. Third Division elements
drove off a probing attack by
about 300 Reds this morning only
seven miles north of Hamhung,
big UN supply base for which
Hungnam is the port.
* * *
A SIMILAR attack, by Chinese
Reds in American uniforms, was
beaten back Wednesday.
Red planes scouted the Hung-
nam harbor evacuation area
last night.
Between eight and nine Chip se
Communist divisions - posSbly
80,000 strong - ringed the last
Allied toehold in Northeast-Korea
from nearby, snow-covered hills.
As tension increased inside the
defense arc, quartermaster troops
urgently increased efforts to re-
move great piles of supplies from
Hamhung to Hungham.
* * *
ALLIED PLANES were busy
both in the northeast and in the
west where the U.S. Eighth Army
has fallen back to a new defense
line between Pyongyang and
Seoul..
B-29 superfortresses yesterday
hit the Red capital of Pyong-
yang anhd the rail-highway hub
of Tokehon with 176 tons of de-
molition bombs.
Returning pilots said they had
converted Tokchon into "a dead
end" for the Red supply system
in the West. The Pyongyang raid
was aimed at knocking ont the
city's usefulness as a Communist
staging base.
GROUND ACTION in the west
was confined to small engage-
ments.
It was not disclosed whether
the enemy forces were Chinese
or North Korean Reds. Former
briefing indicated these enemy
groups were North Koreans by-
passed in the UN drive north in
October.
Elements of the Republic of
Korea Fifth Division engaged
with what an Eighth Army spokes-
man called the only strong con-
tact with the enemy. This was
near the 38th parallel in the
Chunchon vicinity about 45 miles
northeast of Seoul.
Phoenix Nets
'New Pledges
Student Phoenix officials yes-
terday announced that the campus
campaign has netted $114,144 in
pledges.
Mary Lubeck, '51, drive chair-
man, said that so far 4,278 stu-
dents have turned in pledge cards.
He also announced that all per-
sons who make donations to .the
atomic research Memorial will
have their names listed in a spe-
cial contributor's book which will
be placed in the Phoenix building.
The book will list persons making
pledges to any of the many Pro-
ject drives n o w in progress
throughout the nation.
Recognition will also be given to
all house groups on campus which
receive pledges from 80 per cent
of their members. These houses

1

With another sellout to its cred-
it, the Gargoyle will submit a pe-
tition asking for official recogni-
tion at a Board in Control of Stu-
deAt Publications meeting tomor-
row.
The humor magazine was oust-
ed from the official family of stu-
dent publications last spring.
* * * '
ACCORDING TO THE minutes
of the May 20 Board meeting, it
was ousted for these reasons:

this year, the Gargoyle has been
operating independently and is not
recognized or supported by the
Board. Under the leadership of
Bob Uchitelle, '51, its first issue
this fall sold a record 3,400 copies.
The Gargoyle will petition the
Board for several reasons, ac-
cording to Editor Uchitelle. "We
are thinking of future staffs. At
the present time the Garg could
be dissolved without much
trouble, because of insufficient

xplained by Kan per

"no person. ..shall be
n any criminal case to
s against himself."
ert on constitutional
Kauper explained that
natural justification
rt's ruling.
;ther significant, how-

be charged with contempt of Con-
gress for refusing to answer ques-
tions, Prof. Kauper admitted the
possibility that the .Court may ex-
tend the immunity of the individ-
ual to the congressional area.
Prof. Kauper didn't believe,
however, that the Court decision

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