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December 12, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-12-12

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CED: METHODS & GOALS
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

A6F
a t

CLOUDY, CONTINUED COLD

VOL. LXI, No. 66 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1950

SIX PAGES

Truman May
Call National
Emergency
Studies Controls
On Wages, Prices
WASHINGTON - (P) - Presi-
dent Truman yesterday set the
stage for a "national emergency"
proclamation perhaps this week,
and gave intensive study to an
expected wage-price control or-
der.
The President called Congres-
sional leaders of both parties to
meet with him tomorrow "con-
cerning the proclaiming of a na-
tional emergency and related mat-
ters."
* * *
THE WHITE HOUSE disclosed
that Truman may also make a na-
tionwide broadcast in the next few
days to inform the American peo-
ple on the need for drastic gov-
ernment action.
On Capitol Hill, Senate Ma-
jority Leader Lucas (D-Ill) told
newsmen he understood the
President wanted to sound out
Congressional leaders on how far
they thought the nation should
go toward all-out mobilization.
"Personally, I am for all-out mo-
bilization of manpower and indus-
try and for wage-price controls,"
Lucas said.

High Court Rules'

On Red

Q ueries'

Witnesses May Refuse To Tell Jury
About Communist Party Activities'
WASHINGTON-W)-The Supreme Court ruled yesterday that
witnesses may refuse to answer Grand Jury questions about Commu-
nist party activities on grounds of possible self-incrimination.
Such questions, the Court said, fall clearly within the guarantee
of the fifth amendment which provides "no person . . . shall be com-
pelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself."
THE 8-0 ruling may have far-reaching effect on laws and pending

Arab-Asians
Appeal for
Cease-Fire
Mediation by UN
Also Requested
LAKE SUCCESS-(AP)-Thirteen
Arab-Asian countries called on the
United Nations last night to ap-
peal to Red China for a cease-fire
in Korea.
They also urged immediate steps
for meditation by a UN commis-
sion.
All 13 countries who joined last
week in a plea to the Chinese
Communists to halt their armie
at the 38th parallel approved the
cease-fire request. The meittion
commission was adopted key a 12-0
vote in the absence of a Philip-
pines representative.
* * *
SIR BENEGAL N. RAU said the
text of the two approved resolu-'
tions will be introduced in the
General Assembly Political Com-
mittee here this morning.
Under the cease-fire resolu-
tion, Assembly President Nasrol-
lah Entezam would hear a com-
mittee of three to negotiate the
terms of the cease-fire. Entezam
would appoint the other two
members.
The mediation commission
would be composed of seven na-
tions, to be chosen by the General
Assembly itself.

S

' get
,Aostly

Retreat

SENATOR TAFT (R-O h i o),
Chairman of the Senate GOP Pol-
icy Committee, commented, "If
the President wants to make a
statementthat a national emer-
gency exists and calls for greater
sacrifices on the part of the peo-
ple, I think that would be all
right."
But Taft said an over-all pro-I
gram should be developed before
any final decision is made on
wage-price controls.
"I think we should know how
many men they plan to put into
the armed services and what in-
dustrial speedup is planned," the
Ohio Senator said.
Acting White House Secretary
Stephen Early declined to say
when the decision on wage-price
controls would be made, but he
told reporters, "I would say there
is a large school of thought that
price and wage scales are inevit-
able."
Asked whether the proposed con-
trols would apply to cost-of-living
items as well as industrial mate-
rials, Early said, "I think the Pres-
ident would be just as much in-
terested in the cost of food and
essentials of life as in the essen-
tials of defense."
Chrysler To
Follow GM
Whge Plan
DETROIT--(IP)-Chrysler Cor-
poration gave its 125,000 employes
an almost exact replica of the fam-
ed General Motors coniact yes-
terday, at the same time boosting
wages for the second time in four
months.
Hourly-waged workers got a one-
cent an hour raise immediately
and, a guarantee of four cents
more each of the next four years.
Otherwise, the cost of living will
control wages almost five years.
THE ACTION was announced
somewhat surprisingly after speedy
negotiations with the CIO United
Auto Workers. It put the last of
the "big three" car companies un-
der an escalator wage system and
brought to about 90 percent the
portion of the auto industry oper-
ating under almost uniform con-
tract conditions.
Chrysler settled a 100-day
strike last May 4 by granting
$100-a-month pensions and im-
proved hospital and insurance
benefits in a new three-year con-
tract. Then, after General Mo-
tors and the UAW came up with
a new five-year cost-of-living
pact later that month, Chrysler
gave its employes a voluntary
10-cent pay raise Aug. 25 over
and above contract terms.
Yesterday's move made these
further changes:
1. Extended the contract to Aug.
31, 1955 with no wage reopenings.
2. Geared wages to the consum-

Rent Control
Bill Passed
To Trun'ian
WASHINGTON -(o)- Congress
sent to the White House yesterday
a bill extending federal rent con-
trols through next March 31.
It was the first major domestic
legislation passed in the short ses-
sion of Congress. The House pass-
ed the? compromise bill yesterday
by a voice vote. The Senate had
approved it Friday.
UNDER THE present law, fed-
eral rent controls expire on Dec.
31-except in communities which
vote to continue them through
June 30. The new legislation
moves the automatic cut-off date
forward to March 31.
Shortly after the current
"lame duck" session of Congressj
convened, President Truman
asked for a temporary extension
of the controls to give the in-
coming Congress which meets
in January-time to examine the
whole rent problem in relationj
to inflation controls.
Upon the insistence of the Sen-
ate, the bill contains a provision
that a city council may decontrol
local rents by a simple council
resolution rather than a formal
ordinance. The aim wis to prevent
local decontrol actions from being
nullified in the courts.
The bill would have no effect on
communities which have already
been decontrolled.

Simportant cases. It immediately
raised speculation as to how itI
might affect:
1. Contempt cases growing out
of refusal of witnesses to answer
questions of Congressional com-
mittees about Communism ion
g r o u n d s -of self-incrimination.
Lawyers differed.
2. A section of the new McCar-
ran Communist Control Act, re-
quiring individual Communists to
register with the Attorney General
if the Communist party itself has
not listed them. Some lawyers ex-
pressed belief the ruling might
deal a blow to this section of the
act.
3. The scope of a law which gives
witnesses before Congressional
committees protection against pro-
secution for statements they may
make in hearings.
Government attorneys were con-
cerned especially with the applica-!
tion of the new ruling to contempt
cases now pending as a result of
refusal of witnesses to answer,
questions of Congressional groups
about Communist activities.
Yugoslavia'
A id Passed
By Senate
I

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A meeting of
Western foreign ministers in Brus-
sels is being arranged to speed de-
fense preparations of the North
Atlantic Nations, and Secretary of
State Acheson will fly there next
week.
* * *
CATANIA, Sicily -- Clouds of
smoke and volcanic ash blotted
from sight the entire snow-capped
top of Mt. Etna yesterday as the
volcano's worst eruption of this
century went into its 17th day.
* * *
GRAND RAPIDS-Dr. A. B.
Smith last night described the
condition of Sen. Arthur Van-
denberg as "fair."
* * *
NEW YORK-Prime Minister
Clement Attlee last night termed
"perfectly ridiculous" a report that
Winston Churchill might be offer-
ed a British cabinet post.
WASHINGTON - Two state
governors, Frank J. Lausche of
Ohio and Vat Peterson of Neb-
raska, speaking for the whole
48, asked for and got yesterday
a promise of speedy action on
legislation setting up a national
system of civil defense against
atomic attack.
* * *
KALAMAZOO - Sheriff Otto
Buder continued last night to grill
two young men picked up in the
investigation -of the mysterious
slaying of co-ed Carolyn Drown,
18 years old.
WASHINGTON-The Commerce
Department yesterday barred a
London firm from getting any
more goods from this country on
the ground that it had illegally
re-shipped to Russia 50 tons of
molybdenum, a steel-strengthening
metal.
Mrs. Rosenberg's
Fitness Reviewed

WASHINGTON -(A>) -The
Senate yesterday approved up to
$50,000,000 in food aid for drought-
suffering Yugoslavia.
A move by Senator Knowland
(R-Calif.) to write in economic
and military aid for Nationalist
China failed.
The House is scheduled to begin
debate today on the Senate-ap-
proved bill.
Knowland tried to amend the
measure by earmarking $38,000,-
000 in already appropriated funds
to aid the Chinese Nationalists.
But Senator Stennis (D-Miss),
presiding at the time, upheld a
motion by Senator Connally (D-
Tex) that it be ruled out of or-
der.
Knowland told the Senate the
Yugoslavs-who broke with Mos-
cow but maintain a Communist
government - had shot down
American planes. But he said Na-
tionalist China has been an Amer-
ican ally yin the last war.
The administratipn, in pressing
for the aid contends thatYugo-
slavia's position is of security value
to the West.
On final passage, 35 Democrats
and 25 Republicans joined to roll
up a margin of nearly three to one.
Seven Democrats and 14 Republi-
cans, including Senator Hicken-
looper (R-Iowa), a member of the
Foreign Relations Committee, vot-
ed against passage.
SL Cinema Guild
SponsorsWanted
The Cinema Guild Committee of
the Student Legislature is accept-
ing petitions from campus groups
for the co-sponsorship of movies,
according to Hugh Greenberg, '51,
SL member.
Petitions may be picked up by
any interested group either at the
Student Legislature office at 122
S. Forest or at the Office 'of Stu-
dent Affairs in the Administration
Bldg. The petition deadline has
been set for Christmas vacation.

* * *
IT WOULD attempt to find so-
lutions for all the political prob-
lems in the Far East-probably thej
question of Red China's demand
for UN membership, the fate of
Formosa, the question of Indochi-
na, the final fate of Korea itself,
among others.
The United States has an-I
nounced that it opposed any
move to link the Korean ques-
tion with any other Far Eastern
questions.
The Philippines' hesitancy in
joining in a vote on the mediation
commission was ascribed to its
sympathy with the US. viewpoint.
''ToOpen
South Quad
I n S um.Mer
The new eight story South Quad
will be opened formally for the
summer session 1951, University
officials announced yesterday, and
portions of the ground floor may
be used for faculty offices on a
temporary basis before that time.
Built in two sections, the east
side of the building will be com-
pleted in the spring, according to
Francis C. Shiel, business man-
ager of the University residence
halls. It will be opened for stu-
dent housing at the beginning of
the summer session. Construction
will continue on the west half.
MEANWHILE, some faculty of-
fices may be installed in the parts
of the building already finished.
Wilbur K. Pierpont,' controller of
the University, asserted that "small
areas may be used for office space
for the balance of the school
year."
"If this is done, it will prob-
ably be before the beginning of
the spring semester," he noted.
"The faculty office situation on
campus is rather poor, because
of the extensive construction
and destruction work being-car-
ried on."
Under construction since early1
this year, the building was origin-
ally scheduled to be opened this
year. Difficulties in obtaining ma-
terials delayed completion.
According to Karl D. Streiff of
the Office of Student Affairs, ap-
plications for rooms in the new
building during the summer term
will be accepted any time after
the beginning of the semester. It
will be the only regular dorm open
during the summer session.

'
I.
I
1.
I_

FORUM DEBATORS-Al Blumr
Johnstone, '51, John Ryder, '51L
debate tonight, on the question
of campus groups.
Four Killed

Safety
Battle
March Made'
In Sub-zero.
Temperature'
Casualty Loss
Not Estimated
TOKYO - 0) -- A 25,000-man
force of the U.S. First Marine Di-
vision and Army units reached
safety inside the U.S. Tenth Corps
lines in northeast Korea last night
in a fighting retreat that cost the
Marines alone 30 per cent casual-
ties.
A Marine Corps spokesman in
Washington estimated Marine cas-
ualties were somewhere between
those of Peleliu's 6,500 and Tara-
wa's 3,300 in World War II.
Army casualties were not esti-
mated, nor was the percentagd of
Marine dead.
* * *
THE 60-MILE march through
cruel mountains in 25-below-zero
weather from Yudam to the haven
of the coastal plain was "one of
the outstanding operations in miliA
tary annals," said Maj. Gen. E M.
Almond, Tenth Corps commander.
There was no estimate of
casualties in the elements of
two U.S. Seventh Division regi.
ments which participated in
the retreat.
Previously General MacArthur
had cautiously suggested that his
United Nations troops could hold
off heavy' Chinese forces in Korea
for the time being, but the gen-
eral warned in effect they could
not do it for long.
There was no immediate indica-
tion whether conferences with
General Almond and Lt. Gen.
Walton H. Walker had brought a
decision on evacuating Hungnam
which is the -last big United Na-
tions base ipi the northeast.
The Supreme Commander said
losses inflicted on the Reds were
staggering, while Red claims of
UN losses were "fantastically ex-
aggerated."

SL Forum To Debate
Anti-Bias Issue Tonight

In Singapore
31slem Riots
SINGAPORE-(A)-Widespread
rioting swept Singapore all day
yesterday, leaving at least four
dead and more than 140 persons
injured.
The continuing riots grew out of
Moslem wrath at a court decision
returning a Moslem-reared girl to
her Dutch mother, a Roman Cath-
olic.
THE RIOTING eased early to-
day.
The 13-year--ld girl whose
case touched off the disturbanc-
es is Maria Bertha Hertogh. The
court, in turning the girl over to
her mother last week, annulled
her marriage to a Moslem school
teacher. British authorities last
night spirited her from a con-
vent to a secret hiding place,
heavily guarded. The Moham-
medan rioters had threatened to
storm the convent in an effort
to obtain the girl and return her
to the husband or a Malayan
foster mother who reared her
for eight years.
Most of the ,persons injured
were Europeans. Others were Eur-
asians, Chinese and Indians.
All Europeans were warned to
stay indoors through the night.
THE VIOLENCE began yester-
day morning when an appellate
tribunal opened to decide whether
Mrs. Hertogh should take her
daughter to Holland before an
appeal by the child's foster moth-
er and husband is heard.
When the hearing wasad-
journed until tomorrow, judg-
es, lawyers and Dutch and Brit-
ish officials were forced to bar-
ricade themselves behind the
building's iron gates. Phalanxes
of police, carrying anti-riot
shields on their arms like Ro-
man soldiers, tried to drive the
rioters back.
Then began a wave of violence
against all Europeans. More than
50 cars and trucks were over-
turned. Columns of smoke began
to rise as rioters poured gasoline
over the wrecked vehicles and set
them afire.

I

Student Legislature's Michigan
Forum will present a free, four-
man debate 7:30 p.m. today at the
Architecture Auditorium in an at-
tempt to clarify for the student
body the controversial issue of bias
classes in campus groups consti-
tutions.
The question to be resolved is
"Should the University enforce re-
moval of discriminatory clauses,
and if so, is the Student Legisla-
ture action the best and most ef-
fective method?"
* * *
AL.BLUMROSEN, '53L, and Phil
Dawson, Grad., will speak in fa-,
vor of University intervention and
SL action, while Pete Johnstone

Lawyer for
Mickey Cohen
Assassinated
HOLLYWOOD-(A')-Sam Rum-
mel, 52 years old, long top man of
gambler Mickey Cohen's legal
staff, was killed from ambush yes-
terday by a patient assassin.
The pattern, police pointed out,
was similar to an ambush 18
months ago outside a restaurant,
which left Cohen anid three others
wounded. As yesterday, the gun-
man apparently hid -for hours
waiting for his quarry.
Police Chief William H. Parker
told reporters, "This (case) can
and will be solved if it takes every
member of the police department."
He disclosed reports that Rum-
mel was involved in gambling en-
terprises of his own are being in-
vestigated.
Parker added that inevstigators
are considering the possibility that
Cohen. and Rummel may have
split, because Cohen had another
attorney two weeks ago in an ap-
pearance before a U.S. Senate
Crime Investigating hearing.
Cohen himself was being ques-
tioned at the Rummel home, where
a gunman cut down the attorney
as he stepped outside his brilliant-
ly-floodlit garage. Cohen came to
the house after the shoot-ng.

,

osen, '51L, explains a point to fellow debaters (left to right) Pete
and Phil Dawson, Grad. The men will speak at a Michigan Forum
of how to remove discriminatory clauses from the constitutions

'51, and John Ryder, '51L will take
the opposite stand.
The Student Legislature has
before it now a motion dealing
with discriminatory clauses. The
motion was presented two weeks
ago but final action was post-
p o n e d until tomorrow's SL
meeting to give legislators th
chance to hear the debate.
The motion asks the Student
Affairs Committee to deny recog-
nition to any campus group which
has not removed discriminatory
clauses from its constitution by
1956. The motion would also pro-
vide for an extension of this time
limit only if there was a substan-
tial probability that the clause
would be eliminated soon after the
deadline.
THE FIRST real move against
the bias clauses took place last
fall. The SAC at that time adopt-
ed the SL's "Michigan Plan," un-
der which no new organization
that prohibits membership because
of race, religion or color could gain
campus recognition.
Audrey Smedly, '53, Michigan
Forum chairman, has made ar-
rangements for an expected ca-
pacity crowd. Tonight's Forum
will be the second in a series of
debates on campus topics to be
presented by SL this semester.
Forum moderator, Dave Frazer,
'51, will introduce the speakers and
take charge of the question and
answer period which will follow the
debate.
Williams' Lead
Up in County
The gubernatorial recount in
Washtenaw County is following
the trend of the recount in the
rest of the state.
With the recounting of the
County's 31 paper, ballot precincts
completed, Gov. G. Mennen Wil-
liams showed a net gain of 36
votes. In the State Williams had
increased his margin to 4,054
votes, which is nearly triple the
margin he had compiled beforE
his Republican opponent, Harry
F. Kelly, challenged the election.
Williams now has a total of
934,325 votes to Kelly's 930,271
with 2,953 of the State's 4,355 pre-
cincts reporting on the recount.
Today the Washtenaw recount-
ers will begin a check of the
17,000 ballots that were cast or
machines in Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti
and Saline.
Drive Progress

t
t'
I
1
e
g
e
e
s
6
d
4
e
e
y
i.
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1
t.
e
n
Gi

Phoenix Drive
Pledges Reach
$100,000 Total
Pledges to the student Phoenix
drive now total $100,000, campaign
chairman Mary Lubeck, '51, an-
nounced yesterday.
"The student drive workers are
all very gratified at how well the
drive has been supported by many
students and house groups," Lu-
beck said.
But he expressed disappoint-
ment that only 4,000 students have
contributed pledges to the cam-
paign.
"It is unfortunate that such a
small per centage of the student
body has to carry the drive along
as the success of the campaign
rests on the full support of the
campus."
Lubeck noted that nearly every
student has been contacted for
Phoenix. Student workers have
just finished the job of mailing
pledge cards to 5,500 students who
live outside of Ann Arbor.
Only a few students living out-
side of organized house groups re-
main to be solicited.
More Military'
FundsSought
WASHINGTON-(,')-A top de-
fense official was reported to have
told Congress yesterday that more
funds for the armed forces prob-
ably will be sought before next
July-in addition to the $18,000,-
000,000 request now pending.
A member of the Senate Appro-
priations Committee, who request-
ed that , his name not be used,
quoted Deputy Secretary of De-
fense Robert Lovett asesaying
Congress could expect to be asked

COMPROMISE SEEN NECESSARY:
Attlee Korean War Policy Feasible, Filley Says.

v

By CAL SAMRA
Withdrawal of United Nations
troops to the 38th parallel and
appeal to the Communists to cease
hostilities for peace negotiations
is a feasible compromise to the

nese Reds would be disasterous,"
he warned.
"The United States, at present,
isn't strong enough to wage full
scale war," Filley asserted. "More-
over, the Chinese Communists can

quences of such a move might be pointed out that it is the obliga-C
serious. tion of the UN to stand by and
"The repercussions of an inva- protect the South Koreans.
sion on the Far East may hardly "Bataan and Corregidor having
be conductive to our international given the United States a reputa-
prestige," he explained. i tion of not yielding, it wouldn't be
"TT,frrtiiratelv Aour alternative~s a very good practice now to let

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