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December 09, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-12-09

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£ w

I

UN WITHDRAWAL
FROM KOREA
See Page 4

Y

it'
L~ast Dedline in the State

Daitr

to '
0
MOSTLY CLOUDY

VOL. LXI, No. 64 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1950

SIX PAGES

Navy

Stands

By

To

Evacuate

UN

J

Officials Ask
Self-Imposed
Price Linoes
Blast Profiteers, .
Threaten Control
WASHINGTON - () - The
Administration yesterday appealed
for voluntary hold-the-line help
in the fight against inflation, but
warned that it "can and will roll
back prices" if necessary.
High officials also denounced
profiteers as "enemies of the na-
tion.'
THESE WERE the highlights of
a round-robin news conference by
Economic Stabilization Chief Alan
Valentine, Price Stabilizer Michael
V. DiSalle and Wage Stabilizer
Cyrus W. Ching.
All three made it clear that
a wage-price freeze, widely
rumored in the last 48 hours, is
not imminent. However, Valen-
tine. said the government "can
and will" roll back prices "if
we feel we should."
The federal officials spoke out
amid rising pressure from Con-
gress and elsewhere for immediate
wage-price controls to safeguard
the nation's economy and save
American taxpayers from having
to pay wildly inflated prices for
re-armament. Military costs have
already shot up beyond the levels
of World War II.
DISALLE'S statement that no
controls can be imposed now be-
cause his agency is not yet or-
ganized drew an angry blast from
Chairman O'Mahoney (D-Wyo)
of the Senate-House Economic
Committee.
"That's a mistake, a serious
mistake," O'Mahoney- told news-
men. "If I were in DiSalle's place,
I would call in the United States
District attorneys and county at-
torneys, if necessary, and tell
them a wage-price 'freeze' was
being put into effect."
DiSalle told newsmen the
government is now drafting
plans for a possible ceiling on
prices, but he said "at this time
we see no reason for imposing
such controls and we hope it will
not be necessary." *
Valentine implied that even if
general controls are not invoked,
some "selective controls" may be
applied on basic defense materials.
He did not indicate when such
action might be taken.
Other key officials, in close
daily contact with President Tru-
man, declared Thursday night
that eventual wage-price controls
are "inevitable."
But DiSalle. indicated strongly
he is banking for the immediate
future on a campaign to persuade
industry and labor to hold down
prices and wages voluntarily.
In any event, he said, his agen-
cy will not be ready to impose a
general ceiling on prices for 60 to
90 days because it has just begun
to organize its administrative
staff.
Democrats
Claim Kelly
Will Concede
DETROIT - (W) - Democrats
boasted yesterday that Republican
followers of Former Gov. Harry
F. Kelly were about ready to
"throw in the sponge" and con-
cede defeat in Michigan's gover-

norship vote recount.
The boast came as the total
lead of Gov. G. Mennen Williams,
including the 1,154-vote advan-
tage he had in the official can-
vass, mounted to 2,636.
This was on, the basis of returns
from 1,946 of the state's 4,355
precincts. These gave Williams
934,298 and Kelly 931,662 votes.
Denials by GOP spokesmen that
they niight abandon the recount
failed to squelch such rumors.
It was a move by Kelly's own
legal counsel in Wayne County
that touched off the rumors.
Stanley E. Beattie asked the
Wayne County Board of Can-
vassers to give priority to ballot
boxes in certain "strategic" pre-
cincts where Renublicans think

'Extend Education'
.
Ruthven Tells TV
By BOB KEITH.
Firing a few pot-shots at the shortcomings of movies and radio,,
President Alexander G. Ruthven in effect warned the television in-
dustry yesterday that it had better boost education if it wants to
make good where its predecessors have failed.
In a forthright, visionary address to TV broadcasters in New
York's swank Waldorf-Astria, President Ruthven told his audience
that television must team up with educators in order to meet its
responsibilities.
,i. * **
WIDELY RECOGNIZED as one of the nation's earliest and fore-
most proponents of adult education, President Ruthven stressed tele-
'vision's role as the "best means
yet devised" for extending educa-
Wr Goods tion to masses of people.
"In a rapidly changing world,
what we learn in the school
xports years is never sufficient to carry
us through the rest of the life
span. Continuing social change
H arequires continuing adjustments
on the part of the individual.
old as well as young should be
By The Associated Press taught how to live in each new
American ships and planes yes- era."
terday were forbidden to carry war As the "greatest medium of
potential goods destined for Rus- mass communication yet known,"
sia or her puppets by a ban im- TV has a proper and vital func-!
posed by the Commerce Depart- tion in furthering adult educa-
ment, effective immediately. tion, the President said.
It rounded out a series of steps * *
barring shipments to Red areas "AND THE BEST educational
from America, via America, or on results in television are to be ob-
American carriers, of materials tained, for the immediate present,
useful for the Communist war ma- by cooperative effort between
chine, commercial stations and colleges,"
a. ' President Ruthven asserted.
SPECIFICALLY named in the He cited the University's
new directive are weapons, fission- weekly Television Hour over sta-
able (atom bomb) materials or tion WWJ-TV as an example of
strategic industrial goods. such partnership. "The program
Shipments can't even be drop- has already been successful far
ped off by American vessels at beyond our dreams," President
ped ff y Amricn vesel at Ruthven declared.
non-Communist ports if the con- President Ruthven em masized
traband is to go to the forbidden that colleges, as well as commer-
Portugese Britishaa Hong Kong rtand cial stations, have an obligation
ports at Communist China's
door, comewithin the ,ban t.B oGd
make sure the goods don't find Ve
their way to America's enemies. EAST LANSING-Television
Meanwhile in Hong Kong, the is "absolutely essential" in col-
British Government apparently lege teaching, John A. Hanna,
acting in response to pressure from president of Michigan State
Washington, today listed 110 new College, told a Federal Com-
items which can no longer be ex- munications Commission hear-
ported to Red China without li- ing in Washington yesterday.
cense. "It can show, not merely tell,
The new list will hold back from how to do such practical things
Chinese Communists mainly air- as repair farm machinery, cull
plane parts and machinery or poultry, can vegetables, spray
_ ane par r _nd _a..inery..r "9

More Arms
Gets Attlee,
Truman OK
Pledges of Unity
End Conference
WASHINGTON - (,4P) - Presi-
dent Truman and Prime Minister
Attlee gave the signal yesterday
for a faster buildup of the West's
military might but offered to halt
the rearmament drive if Russian
and Red Chinese leaders would
"modify their conduct" and make
an acceptable peace.
The President and the British
leader pledged in the meantime
that their countries would "act to-
gether with resolution and unity"
to meet Communist threats with
"no thought of appeasement or of
rewarding aggression.
THE JOINT British-American
policy statement came at the end
of a historic five-day conference
called to consider the world-wide
implications of the Chinese Com-
munist attack on Korea.
A 2,000-word communique, issu-
ed after the sixth and final meet-
ing, disclosed Truman has prom-
ised Attlee he will be kept "at all
times informed" of developments
that might cause the United States
to use the atomic bomb. The state-
ment emphasized, however, the
President's "hope that world con-
ditionshwould never call for the
use of the atomic bomb."
The President apparently re-
served for himself the right to
make a final decision about use
of the A-Bomb. Despite this, Bri-
tish officials said Attlee is very
well pleased with his under-
standing with Truman on this
important point.
Attlee announced before leaving
for the United States last week
that one of. his main objectives
was to obtain a promise from the
President that Britain would be
consulted before any such deci-
sion.
THE FINAL communique reveal-
ed that while the President and
Attlee had agreed on 11 positive
steps that should be taken to coun-
ter Communist threats through-
out the world, they failed to agree
on a common stand toward Com-
munist China.
Britain continues to believe
the Peiping regime should be gi-
ven Nationalist China's seat on
the UN. In addition, Attlee balk-
ed at an American suggestion
for a naval blockade of the Red
China coast as a means of pun-
ishing the Communists for their
aggression.
British officials said Attlee op-
posed any such move on the
grounds it constituted, a "half-
war" that might explode into a
full war.
Attlee apparently was persuad-
ed to change his attitude slightly
toward Formosa, the Chinese Na-
tionalist island stronghold now be-
ing protected by the American
Seventh Fleet.
As a result of the conference, he
agreed that the UN should con-
sider the final disposition of .For-
mosa. Previously the British had
indicated it should be handed over
to the Chinese Communist regime
in accordance with the Cairo de-
claration which transferred it from
Japan to China.
* *; *
THE INDIRECT Truman-Attlee
appeal to Moscow to end the pre-

sent world-wide tension came in
one brief paragraph in the com-
munique which explained the rea-
son the Western Democracies are
strengthening their defenses.
In the present world crisis "im-
mediate action" is imperative in
this field, they said, but all mili-
tary preparations are intended
"purely as a defensive measure."
Trace UCLA
Deaths to Reds
LOS ANGELES-()-An attor-
ney for the State Senate Un-
American Activities Committee

Angry
WASHINGTON -
President Truman wrot
sic critic this week thr
to beat him up for
daughter Margaret's si
The story leaked on
meal today. Paul Hum
for the Washington P
closed in response to1
that he got a long-har
on White House st
Wednesday signed "H.
The White House,
sponse to inquiries, c
that the President had
Hume.
Neither would give r
the text of the letter,
Washington Daily Ne
it "goes like this:"
"I have just read yo
review buried in the ba
"I never met you, bu
you'll need a new n
plenty of beefsteak."
Senate 0
.Rent Cu,
ExtenSIoU
WASHINGTON-(P)--
ate yesterday went along
House and voted for
month extension of th
rent control law. The ac
line with President Tru
quest.
Senate approval of a

Forces
- Tenth Corps
()- Battles To
e a mu-
eatening
panigReach Port
panning
inging.
t piece-
te, critic
ost, dis- Army, Sea Heads
inquiries
nd lttConfer Secretly
ationery
S.T." TOKYO-(A')-The commander
in re- of United Nations naval forces in
onfirmed Korea said today his ships were
lwritten
standing off the East Korean coast
reporters port of Hungnam, ready for an
but the evacuation, if necessary.
ws said Vice Adm. C. Turner Joy, the
ur lousy UN Naval Commander, made the
ek pages. remark to a news conference on
t if I do the Northeast Korean front when
ose and he was asked about the possibility
of the sea-borne withdrawal of all
UN forces in the northeast sec-
tor.
MKS
IN THAT SECTOR more than
100,000 Chinese Reds were seek-
rb s ing to trap elements of three-
American divisions and South
Korean forces.
Admiral Joy saw newsmen af-
ter conferring, today with Maj.
Gen. Edward M. Almond, com-
T~he Sen-mander of the U'.S. Tenth Corp4,
g with the which embraces all UN troops on
a three- the Northeast front.
ie federal That conference followed a
ction is in secret meeting yesterday of Joy
man's re- with top Navy and Marine of fi-
cers.

TRUMAN-ATTLEE CONFERENCE ENDS-President Truman
chats with British Prime Minister Clement Attlee (seated right)
as their historic five-day conference comes to an end. Standing
are Secretary of State Dean Acheson (left) and Defense Secre-
tary George Marshall.
End of Fighting Will Foster
Cooperation, China Told

tools with which to make
machinery.
Profits Tax

that

May Be Cut
WASHINGTON - (AP) - T e
Senate Finance Committee la t
night wound up public hearings o
the excess profits tax, clearly in\
a mood to make the measure less
drastic than the House proposed.
Chairman George (D-Ga) told
reporters he will recommend that
it be amended to limit the overall
maximum tax load on corporation
profits to not more than 60 per
cent, compared with the 67 per
cent maximum proposed in the
House-approved bill.
George said Secretary of the
Treasury Snyder believes that
would be too severe a cut, but is
willing to compromise on reduc-
tion to a 65 per cent ceiling.

orchids and plow on contours,"
the college head said.
to provide the public with educa-
tional TV programs. He revealed
that the University hopes to have
its own equipped studios "within
a year or so."
* * *
TELEVISION offers greater po-
tentials for education than movies
or radio, President Ruthven in-
timated. "As I see it, every level
of learning from kindergarten
through the university is poten-
tial television material.
"Those of us who had hoped
to do something in the field of
the moving picture have been
grieviously disappointed," he
added.
"Now television is given the op-
portunity to mak good where its
predecessors have failed, and to
capitalize also on their successes."
If this is done, President Ruthven
predicted, "for once there will be
no great lag between an important
discovery and its effective use."

LAKE SUCCESS -(P)- Bri-
tain's Kenneth Younger told Red
China yesterday that if it stops
fighting in Korea and submits to
the UN Charter, the way should be
open to free cooperation between
the Chinese and the nations of
the East and West.
Younger, whose country is one
of the 17 UN members recognizing
Red China, told the UN Assembly's
Political Committee that UN troops
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK-Secretary of De-
fense Marshall last night called
for national unity and every ef-
fort to prevent the Korean con-
flict from deteriorating into a
"dreadful" world war.
*' * *
WASHINGTON - Joseph H.
Short, Jr., White House cor-
respondent of the Baltimore
Morning Sun, was appointed
press secretary to President
Truman yesterday.
SEATTLE-A 12,000-ton vessel
used in transporting troops and
military cargo from the United
States to the Korean war zone
has been sabotaged in the port of
Seattle with extensive damage,
Naval authorities reported early
today.
WASHINGTON - Despite
sharp protests against helping a
Communist government, Senate
leaders pushed last night for
swift action on legislation to
send additional food supplies to
drought-stricken Yugoslavia..
SAIGON, Indochina - French
troops have completed a campaign
to mop up rebel nests inside the
Red River delta defense zone, the
French Army said yesterday.
* * *
TOKYO-Outright censorship
of Korean war news will not be
invoked unless the United Nations
formally directs Gen. MacArthur
to do so, headquarters indicated
yesterday.

are in Korea to uphold the prin-
ciples of the charter. He said they
would continue that course.
HE SPOKE shortly before the
communique on the talks in
Washington between, President
Truman and Prime Minister Att-
lee was made public. Younger's
speech here lined up Britain firm-
ly with the United States in pur-
suing the UN efforts in Korea, a
point also stressed in the Truman-
Attlee communique.
Few delegates wanted to com-
ment on the communique until
they had a chance to study it.
Jacob A. Malik, Soviet Deputy
Foreign Minister, shrugged off
questions with a grin and said
he would have to read the text.
A text was sent to him but there
was no immediate comment from
the Soviet bloc.
Younger endorsed again a six-
power resolution, of which he is a
sponsor, which calls on Commu-
nist China to withdraw its troops
from Korea and pledges the pro-
tection of the Chinese-Korean
frontier. But his speech was de-
voted mainly to telling Red China
it will have to choose its course
now.
"IF THEY stop the killing and
put themselves within the pale of
the Charter's principles," he said,
"there is no reason why the way
should not be open to a period of
free cooperation between China
and the nations both of East and
West who are represented around
this table."
"The Central People's Govern-
ment of the People's Republic of
China are faced with an his-
toric decision," Younger continu-
ed. "The choice they now make
will determine whether future
generations will curse or bless
their name.
The committee earlier heard a
report from the seven-member UN
Korean Commission saying for-
mally that an on-the-spot inquiry
showed that all Communist Chi-
nese prisoners captured by UN
forces were members of the Regu-
lar Army units and "were not vol-
unteers in any possible meaning of
the term."

t continu-{

ante througn March 3 came
shortly rafter a Senate-House Con-
ference Committee reached a com-
promise resolving differences be-
tween the .separate bills passed
yesterday by the two branches of
Congress.
The bill the Senate originally
approved called only for a two-
month extension-through Feb.
28. The House measure provided
for three months.
The pending extension legisla-
tion would continue the local op-
tion provision of the present law
-that is, local communities still
could vote to retain rent control
through June 30.
The compromise which the Sen-
ate approved today by voice vote
still is subject to ratification by
the House, which probably will act
early next week.
Phoenix Drive
RollingAlong
Pledges to the student Phoenix
drive now total $88,901, Stan Wein-
berger, '52, drive publicity chair-
man announced yesterday.
He said that 3,107 pledges were
received during the first four
weeks of the campaign. The drive
is scheduled to end Dec. 20.
Weinberger said that 26 organiz-
ed house groups have reached the
goal of receiving pledges from 80
per cent of their members. Of
these, 11 are fraternities, 10 soro-
rities and five independent groups.
Three groups, Sigma Alpha Ep-
silon, Pi Beta Phi and Kappa Al-
pha Theta have reached the 100
per cent mark.
Drive Progress
The Michigan Memorial
Phoenix Project has received
contributions from 80 per cent
of the members of these addi-
tional groups: Gamma Phi
Beta, Michigan House (WQ),
Alpha Delta Pi and Delta
Zeta.

UN troops in Northeast Korea
include a force of 20,000 Ameri-
cans bloodily battling their way
southeast toward the coast from
the Changjin reservoir area.
Their escape route was an ice-
sheathed mountain canyon
road, dominated by hordes of
Chinese, well-armed and in
ridge positions.
Eighth Army headquarters re-
ported that the main body of the
Americans fighting out of the
Reds' death trap was only about a
mile south of the jumpoff town
of Koto. That was indicative of
the terrific opposition they face
ftbm dug-in Communists over-
looking the escape road down from
the Changjin reservoir.
ADVANCE PATROLS, Eighth
Army said, were last reported five
miles ahead of the main body.
Chinese infantry held positions
between the escape column and a
U. S Third Division task force
fighting north in an attempt to
meet it.
The Fifth Regiment of the
U. S. First Marine division
which held the rearguard spot
as the force withdrew from
Hagaru to Koto, has reached
Koto safely, the Eighth Army
spokesman said.
In the Northwest, Allied planes
attacked large Chinese Communist
convoys moving south toward the
Red capital of Pyongyang in a
build-up for smashes against the
new Eighth Army line. That line
is between Pyongyang and the
38th Parallel boundary.
Meanwhile, a Chinese Com-
munist semi-circle of men and
guns moved closer to the port of
Hungnam and the nearby Indus:;
trial city of Hamhung, the two big
Allied bases on the me aced
Tenth Corps front.
Gen. Collins
Reassurin
About Korea
WASHINGTON - (P) - Gen. J.
Lawton Collins, Army Chief of
Staff, put out the heartening word
yesterday that American forces in
Korea "will be able'to take care
of themselves without further ser-
ious losses."
He gave that confident forecast
to reporters as he stepped from
a plane bringing him back from a
spot inspection of the battlefront
and conferences with Gen. Doug-
las MacArthur and his field com-
manders.
Despite Collins' guardedly op-
timistic summation of the war
situation, a speed-up was ordered

PASADENA CHRISTMAS:
Local Group Will Play
Santa for 'U' Gridders

fi

By CRAWFORD YOUNG
There will be a Santa Claus for
Michigan football players!
Ever since that snowy day in
Columbus when they won the right
to play in the Rose Bowl, the team
had been noticeably downcast.
Thoughts of a bleak Christmas
morn in a strange town had dam-
pened oncerbuoyant spirits.dThe
trainingtable dietician described
the players as "off their feed."
BUT LEAPING TO the rescue
went the Ann Arbor Chamber of
Commerce. To combat this rising

retary of the local Chamber, said
that the party plan was an im-
promptu affair, conceived over-
night to prevent spirits from sag-
ging.
More than 600 letters have been
sent out to local merchants, pro-
fessional men, industries, and the
general public explaining the plan
and asking for gifts to fill Santa's
sack, Christman explained.
CHRISTMAN estimated that the
blue-and-gold socks on the mantle
would be bulging with as many as
two or three presents each.

THREE DIMENSIONAL:
'Last Supper' Shown on State Street

By ZANDER HOLLANDER
State Street passers-by stopped,
stared and were visibly impressed
last night by a three dimensional
version of "The Lord's Last Sup-
per."
The life-like exhibition, a full-
size plaster reproduction of the
Leonardo Da Vinci masterpiece,
is mounted in a 38 foot trailer

Thursday, the exhibit has al-
ready been seen by about 1000
people and will remain here to-
day, according to John Grant,
Detroit Lions Clubhobserver
traveling with the exhibit.
Grant was very enthusiastic
about student reaction to the re-
production, maintaining that.
"University students are the most

And while most University
students approved, several said
they were annoyed by the gen-
erator's clatter and gasoline
fumes which "marred the spir-
ituality of the theme."
One pragmatic student, Christ-
mas shopping with his wife, pro-
nounced a wordly judgment on
4.1- - "

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