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December 06, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-12-06

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AMERICA'S ASIAN
ATTITUDE
See Page 4

L

Latest Deadline in the State

fla4t1

SNOW, COLDER

VOL. LXI, No. 61 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DEC. 6, 1950

SIXTEEN PAGES

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Press AssistantRoss Dies

C

House Gives
Profits Bill"
Full Sanction
Senate Expected
To Follow Suit
WASHINGTON - (AP) - The.
House last night passed an "ex-
cess profits" tax estimated to
bring in $4,600,000,000 from cor-
porations in 1951.
The levy was approved and
sent to the Senate, 378 to 20.
There Senator George (D-Ga),
Chairman of the tax-writing Fi-
nance Committee, told reporters
that he expects the measure to
reach the 'White House for sig-
nature inhsome form before Jan. 1.
AS APPROVED by the House,
the levy would be retroactive to
last July 1-a few days after the
United States got into the Korean
war.
During the first 12 months off

High U' OfficialsntPlan

By VERNON EMERSON

its operation it is expected to
fall short of raising the full
$4,600,000,000 asked by Presi-
dent Truman from a tax on
"excess" corporate profits.
But experts of the House Ways
and Means Committee, which
framed the measure, estimated it
would produce $4,600,000,000 in
calendar 1951 on the basis of in-
creased corporate earnings ex-
pected then.
PASSAGE CAME soon after a
substitute tax bill backed by Re-
publican policy leaders was de-
feated, 252 to 145.
The approved measure provides
a 75 per cent tax on profits in
excess of what it calls normal.
It defines normal profits as 85
per cent of average profits for
the best three years in the four-
year period 1946-1949. Profits
thus defined as normal would be
taxable at the present top cor-
poration income levy of 45 per
cent.
GM, Ford Up
Prices of New
Automobiles
DETROIT --(A)- The automo-
bile industry's efforts to hold the
price line collapsed yesterday.
General Motors and Ford--two
of the industry's "big three"-an-
nounced price increases on 1951
models. Both blamed higher man-
ufacturing and labor costs.
The action leaves only Chrysler,
third member of the large produc-
ers, yet to announce price plans.
Chrysler will introduce its 1951
cars in January.
Several independent car manu-
facturers recently put higher price
tags on their new models.
The Ford boost, effectively im-
mediately, followed by only a few
hours the General Motors an-
nouncement.
Ford listed specific prices for its
cars, while GM said prices would
be disclosed when its various cars
are given first public showing.
Chevrolet will be introduced Fri-
day, followed by Pontiac Dec. 11.
UAW President Walter P. Reu-
ther sharply criticized the GM in-
crease in a statement late yester-
day.
He said the boost was "totally
unjustified and unnecessary."
Williams Recount
Lead Now 1,558
DETROIT-(M)-Gov. G. Men-
nen Williams' vote recount gain
climbed to 1,558 votes late yester-
day as figures in additional coun-

University faculty representatives generally went along with
Harvard president James Bryant Conant and his Universal Military
Service plan which would place every able-bodied man in the armed
forces upon graduation from high school.
President Conant bases his plan, which is outlined in the current
issue of Look magazine, on the immediate and future need to keep
three million men under arms.
HE CALLED FOR immediate enactment of UMS, to reach this
goal, which he claims cannot be reached by Universal Military Train-
ing or the draft alone.
Warning that Russia may consider herself far enough ahead
on paper to begin a war by 1952-54, the Harvard educator pointed
out that a large force may be needed for years to come.
He did not, however, count out present methods of obtaining
men for the services.
"RECRUITING WOULD have to continue at a vigorous pace, and
Selective Service would have to be kept in reserve, for use in event of
global war and possibly to supplement universal service.
"For the next year or two, the draft and the proposed uni-
versal service would be required."
President Conant's plan would even use men physically unfiit to
serve in the armed forces. They would serve in other capacities at
the same pay, "which should not be high."
"THERE SHOULD BE NO deferment nor exemptions for college
students or anyone else.
Dean of Students Erich A. Walter said that he could see no
alternative to the plan.. "With it, our eighteen year olds may
still see peace in their time," he said.
But Hayward Keniston, dean of the literary college opposed the
thinking behind the proposal.
HE NOTED THAT any such plan would leave a gap in training
of top level men in such fields as physics, engineering, medicine, and
the social sciences. "And these men are vitally needed In times of
crisis.
Admitting that every youth must serve in time-but not now,
Dean Keniston proposed a plan that was worked out at a recent
meeting of deans of eastern universities.
Under this plan, the nation's manpower experts would determine
how many highly trained men would be needed for a given period
(the present estimate is 70,000 for five years).
* . * *
THIS POOL WOULD BE filled by university men who would be
allowed to complete their education providing they pass nation-wide
tests and remain above a "breaking point" in their grade standing.
Dean Keniston noted that that point would be well above
the median.
At present, the plan would allow juniors to finish school, with
underclassmen competing to stay. But every man would serve after
graduation.
PROF. W. CLARK TROW, of the School of Education, had a still
different proposal. He explained that if the emergency is great
enough, he would go along with the universal service idea.
"But the advocates of UMS should not hold out any claim of
it's being an educational program as was done for UMT," Prof.
Trow said.
He suggested that perhaps qualified persons could be given spe-
cialized university training while in the armed services, thereby elim-
inating any feeling of unfairness that might arise from deferring
university students.
AND DEAN IVAN CRAWFORD, of the engineering college, agreed
with President Conant that the situation appears so desperate at the!
present time that "we must place military service above everything
else."
And Dean Crawford pointed out that UMS will give men ex-
periences which may be bneficial in determining the profession they
want to follow.
But President Conant's plan is not likely to come off soon, ac-
cording to Col. Charles *iegand, director of the Army ROTC unit
on campus.
Although Col. Wiegand said that the proposal seems the best
answer to the armed services' long range manpower problems, he
explained that the facilities for such a program are now unavailable.
800 DUCATS SOLD:
Rose Bowl Ticket Sale
Enters Final Two Days

Heart Attack
Hits Truman
Secretary
Ex-Newsman
Falls at Desk
WASHINGTON -()- Charles
G. Ross, scholarly journalist and
Press Secretary to President Tru-
man, died unexpectedly at his desk
in the White House late yesterday.
Ross, 65 years old, was an old
school mate of the President and
Mrs. Truman, with whom he had
"grown up" in Independence, Mo.
He enjoyed an affectionate and
intimate relationship with the
Presidential family.
s* w
HE ESTABLISHED a wide repu-
tation as a newspaperman during
his long career on the St. Louis
Post-Dispatch. He won a Pulitzer
Prize in 1931-in the midst of the
depression-for an article on "The
Country's Plight-What Can Be
Done About It?"
Death was attributed to a
heart attack. He was stricken at
his desk while he was talking
with his secretary, Miss Myrtle
Bergheim, and television men.
A long-time reporter himself,
Ross died just after he had finish-
ed a stint in the role he liked best
-that of a reporter. He had given
newspapermen a graphic account,
down to minute details, of the
f Truman-Attlee meeting.
THE TELEVISION men were
waiting to make a recording of a
statement Ross had given the re-
porters.
Miss Bergheim, with whomthe
press secretary liked to joke, said,
"Oh, they don't want your mum-
bling."
She said Ross smiled and re-
plied: "I don't mumble. I speak
very clearly."
Then, lighting a cigarette, he
slumped over in his chair.
Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham,
Presidential Physician, was sum-
moned immediately.
"He was gone before I got there,"
Graham said.
TWorld News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Senator Ives
(R-N.Y.) called on the Republi-
can leadership of the Senate yes-
terday to demand formally the
removal of Secretary of State
Acheson by President Truman,
and told a reporter he has as-
surances from Senator Taft (R-
Ohio) that the question may be
taken up today by the Republican
policy committee which Taft
heads.
TAIPEI, Formosa-Chiang Kai-
Shek yesterday promised Nation-
alist China's full support against
appeasement in the Korean crisis1
and again offered to send troops.'
London-West Germany re-
acted strongly yesterday against
a Dutch-proposed compromise
plan for use of German troops
in the North Atlantic Treaty
organization army in Europe.
S * *
STOCKHOLM-The newspaper
Dagens Nyheter quoted a German
physicist yesterday as saying that
Gustav Hertz, German atomic ex-
pert who won the Nobel Physics
Prize in 1925, is believed to have

been killed "during some experi-
ments" in the Soviet Union.
GUATEMALA--The Congres-
sional Election Committee ruled
yesterday that Lt. Col. Jacobo
Arbenz Guzman has won the

* * * ,

.

Coplon Gets Korea Plans Made

INew/I neBy
I eeom
WASH
Trumana
NEW YORK-(AP)-A Federal less talke
Appeals Court yesterday agreed be taken"
that Judith Copion plotted to spy of circum
for Russia but nevertheless revers- reported,t
ed her conviction and ordered a a Dunker
new trial. eventually
The United States Court of Ap-
pelas unanimously ruled that Miss
Coplon'sa arrest by FBI aents U1
ut a warant was illegal .
* * r- I
THE FBI argued that hei ar-
rest March 5, 1949, without a war-
rant was vital lest she try to flee
this country.
"It is possible on another trial
there may be more evidence of BV
the likelihood of escape," the Uleven
Appeals Court said, indicating UnitedT
the FBI had not backed up its night to
charge as fully as it should have. North Ko
Also, the Court said, secret wire arellel, a
taps could be made public and Eastern c:
confidential FBI informants could E
be identified to bolster the claim The a:
that Miss Coplon was prepared to transmitte
flee when arrested. Communi
* now in N

Tr urnan, Attlee

INGTON-MP)-President
and Prime Minister Att-
d yesterday of "steps to'
in Korea under any set
stances including, it was
the grim possibility that
que-type evacuation may
y be necessary.
Asia Asks
la Not To
s Parallel
The Associated Press
Asian members of the
Nations appealed last
Communist China and
rea not to cross the 38th
and to give time to con-
ys of settling the Far
risis.
ppeal was immediately
ed to Wu Hsiu-Chuan,
st China's representative
ew York, with a request
relay it immediately to

THE DECISION gives the 29-
year-old former government girl
a fresh chance at freedom from
on her in New York City last
a 15-year prison sentence imposed
March 9.
But it does not affect a 40
months to 10 year sentence hang-
ing over her in Washington on a
separate count. She was convicted
there of stealing government sec-
rets from her Justice Department
office. She is appealing that con-
viction, too.
Rent Control
Vote Held Up
WASHINGTON-(IP)-The Ad-1
ministration's timetable for House
consideration of a 90-day exten-
sion of rent controls was upset
yesterday by the House Rules
Committee.
It voted 6 to 5 against clearing
the legislation to the House for
debate. Democratic leadershad
intended to take it up today.
Earlier in the day, the House
Banking Committee had recom-
mended passage of the measure by
a 17 to 3 vote.
The bill would extend until
March 31 the automatic decontrol
provision of the presnt law.

LONG LINE OF RETREAT-Jeeps, trucks and trailers of the U.S. Second Division move slowly
along a highway near Pyongyang, retreating before the million-man Chinese Communist army roll-
ing down from the Manchurian border.

that her
Peiping.

THE COUNTRIES making the
appeal were India, the Philippines,
Burma, Pakistan, Egypt, Iran,
Irag, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Sy-
ria and Yemen.
The Asian countries acted as
Canada's Lester B. Pearson sug-
gested a cease fire, Secretary
General Trygve Lie called for
all out efforts to settle the cri-
sis, ,and the steering committee
of the United Nations sent the
issue to the full assembly.
Pearson, Canada's external af-
fairs minister, said the talks should
begin if and when the military
situation is stabilized in Korea.
MEANWHILE, Trygve Lie; Sec-
retary-General said in New York
City, he still hoped for a peaceful
settlement of the Korea conflict
but confessed he could not pre-
dict the outcome of the present
emergency.
Drive Progress
The Michigan Memorial
Phoenix Project has received
pledges from 80 per cent of the
members of this additional
group:
Acacia

THEY SAID THE American and
British leaders were canvassing
the question of what their course
should be in case any one of three
eventualities occurred:
The advancing Red Chinese
hordes, for some reason, should
voluntarilyrstop their forward pro-
gress.
General MacArthur's forces
shouldbe able to hold a defense
line in Korea, about which there
is no certainty.
The UN forces should find
themselves unable to keep any
foothold at all in Korea.
There were no further details,
although officials said the Presi-
dent and Prime. Minister were
determined to support UN action
in Korea to the limit.
SL Will Elect
NVew Cabinet
OfficersTodayv
New cabinet officials for the
coming semester will be elected by
the Student Legislature in their
meeting at 7:30 p.m. today in the
Union.
Exactly who is contesting what
position was unknown last night,
as nearly all Student Legislators
seeking cabinet posts were unde-
cided as to what position they
wanted.
George Roumell, '51, present SL
president, was the biggest ques-
tion mark. Although there are in-
dications of a movement by some.
legislators to draft Roumell for
the 'presidency, he declared that
he had not yet decided to run.
If Roumell does run and is re-
elected, it will be the first time in
recent SL history that a president
has done so.
Other possible candidates for
the presidency are Len Wilcox, '52,
and Dave Belin, '51BAd. What
these two students do is largely
dependent upon Roumell's deci-
sion.
For the vice-presidency, Irv
Stenn, '52, Hugh Greenberg, '51,
and perhaps Bill McIntyre, '53, are
possible candidates, B u t here
again, exactly who. will contest the
vice-presidency depends on the
outcome of the race for the presi-
dency.

Regroup On
New Line. in
Northwest
Northeast Troops
Still Encircled
TOKYO - (P) - The United,
States Eighth Army, still a fight.
ing force, today awaited the van-
guards of a 1,000,000-man Chinese.
Communist Army from a new de-
fense line in northwest Korea.
It had halted its retreat from
Pyongyang toward the 38th paral-
lel. But there was no retreat yet
for 30,000 United States troops
trapped in northeast Korea where
appearance of Red forces close to
the coast increased the peril.
. *.
A TEMPERED note of optimism
for the northwestern situation was
voiced by Gen. J. Lawton Collins
United States Army Chief of Staff.
"I think the Eighth Army is
capable of taking care of itself,"
he said after a flying front line
inspection Tuesday.
Asked at a news conference in
Seoul whether the atomic bomb'
would be of worthwhile tactical use
in Korea, the Chief of Staff re-
plied:
"Virtually not, from what I saw
yesterday."
* * *
PRECISELY where the Eighth
Army has set up its new lines was
a carefully guarded military sec-
ret.
AP correspondent Don Huhi
said he saw large United Nations
convoys move south of the 38th
parallel whie is 70 miles south
of Pyongyng.
A possible suggestion that it was
°a defense line in depth eame in re.
ports from the field. These told of
North Korean guerrillas being
driven out of positions along com-
manding ridges and hills north of
the 38th.
* * *
ALREADY the Chinese were in
abandoned. Pyongyang where Al-
lied air attacks dealt them deadly
blows. Approximately 2,500' Reds
were killed by air action there yes-
terday, United States Fifth Air
Force Headquarters reported.
But patrols moving out from
the new Eighth Army defense
line reported few contacts be-
yond minor skirmishes.
In Washington, Gen. Omar N.
Bradley, chairman of the Unite1
States Joint Chiefs of Staff1.was
reported to have told Senators that,
Allied forces had reached positions
making possible a giant evacuation
of Korea by sea-if necessary. Lat-
er, however, he said his talks with
the Senators on that subject had
reference solely to northeast Ko-
rea.
A Defense Department spokes-
man said that on the northeast
front the Chinese Reds pushed a
speadhead eastward and cut the
main highway between the two
major east coast ports of Hung-
nam and Wonsan.
Wonsan is headquarters of the
United States Tenth Corps. Hung-
nam, port for the industrial city
of Hamhung, is about 50 air miles
north of Wonsan. It serves as the
supply center for chopped up seg-
ments of the United States First
Marine Division and Seventh In-
fantry Division, making a fighting
withdrawal some 50 miles to the
northwest.
YPIs Suggest
PlanTo Stop

War. in Korea
The Young Progressives last
night adopted a three point pro-
gram aimed at ending the Korean
crisis and preventing it from le-
veloping into World War III.
The proposals which according
to the YP are "the three basic de-
mands for the best interests of
the American people and the rest
of the world" call for President
Truman to do everything within
his power to prevent use of the

With over 800 Rose Bowl tic-
kets already sold during the first
two days, students and faculty
members have today and tomor-
row left to place their orders.
Ticket manager Don Weir re-
ported a slight decrease in sales
yesterday in comparison with
Monday's receipts, but predicted
"the usual last minute rush be-
fore the deadline tomorrow at

The office is open from 8:30
a.m. to 4:30 p.m., and students
must present their ID card and
pay for the ticket when it is re-
served.
* * *
WITH THE PRICE set at $5.50,
married students and faculty
members can buy two, each stu-

AFFECTS APPROPRIATIONS:
'U' Below Average in GI Enrollment

Students studying under the GI
Bill at the University are far
fewer than the average for col-
leges throughout the country, a
report by the U.S. Office of Edu-

figures closely, because the 1950
Legislature has a stipulation in
the appropriation bills that will
affect the University and Michi-
gan State College.

"Of the total appropriation of
$11,572,945 for this year $606,000
of it was to be given us only if
we showed a reduction in fees
equ'al -to that amount. Inasmuch

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