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November 30, 1950 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1950-11-30

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THE TIME IS NOW
See Page 4

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CLOUDY, SNOW FLURRIES

VOL. LXI, No. 56

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 30, 1950

EIGHT PAGES

C

U.S. Claims
China Reds
World Threat
Austin Tells UN
Wu Lies, Distorts
LAKE SUCCESS -()- The
Chinese Communists are chal-
lenging two-thirds of the world,
the United States declared yester-
day, and the United Nations must
show it will not submit to threats
nor tolerate military actions
against the UN.
Warren R. Austin, top Ameri-
can delegate, said Peiping's re-
presentative here had lied and
distorted the facts in a defiance
which must be answered by speedy
action to stop the spread of war
in Asia.
SHARPLY ANSWERING the
long attack on the U.S. Tuesday
by Wu Hsiu-Chuan, Peiping's re-
presentative, Austin said he de-
nied categorically Wu's charges
that the U.S. and UN commit-
ted aggression in Korea.
."In the course of his speech,"
Austin told a grave-faced coun-
cil, "General Wu contrived to
challenge two-thirds of the
world, defy the United Nations,
and dismay the friends of China.
Glorifying peace, he sounded
threatening. Invited here to
give information and shed light,
he gave only distortions, sland-
ers, half-truths, and outright
lies, some big, some small.
# "General Wu went very far
yesterday to show that his hand
is against all men's. Let him give
heed lest he go home from this
place with all men's hands against
him."
r a r
AUSTIN SAID once niore that
the United States and the UN
have not committed aggression
in Korea, and are not threaten-
ing China.
He then called on the Coun-
cil to vote speedily-perhaps to-
morrow-on a six-power resolu-
tion which ,cals on Peiping to
pull its soldiers out of Korea
quickly and assures Peiping
that China's legitimate inter-
ests will be protected.
Some delegates were discussing
a time table calling for a vote
on the resolution tomorrow. The'
Soviet Union is expected to veto
the proposal.
With that veto, the Western
delegates would appeal to the
General Assembly Friday. They
hoped for quick debate in the As-
sembly and perhaps a decision for
collective action by the weekend.
After Austin spoke, Jacob A.
Malik launched into a Russian
attack of more than an hour
on the United States' role in the
Far East. He said Turkish and
Philippine forces fighting in the '
UN army in Korea are vassals
of the United States.
Malik said Austin had shed
"crocodile tears" about sons dy-
ing in Korea.
Estep Predicts
Court Okay for
tMeCarran Act
Prof. Samuel Estep of the Law
School told a meeting of Students
for Democratic Action last night
that the courts would probably
find the McCarran Act consti-
tutional.
Prof. Estep asserted that when
the constitutionality of the act
is challenged, the most contro-i

versial aspects would be the de-
tention, registration and denat-
uralization provisions. The pre-
sent Supreme Court, he ventured,
would upheld all three provisions.
Those doubting the constitu-
tionality of the registration clause
could claim that registration of
Communists serves to deprive
them of freedom of speech, he
pointed out.
Registered Communists would
have to identify themselves as
such upon making speeches or
mailing literature, but because
thc wonii bP riskmin +hm. 4,1h I

* * * * 4
Acheson Deces
Red Aggression
Warns U.S. Will Fight if Necessary;
Six-Point 'Strategy of Peace Outlined
WASHINGTON--(M)-Secretary of State Dean Acheson charged
last night that Communist aggression has put world peace in "un-
paralleled danger," and he said history shows the United States will
fight if it must to preserve freedom and justice.
"No one can guarantee that war will not come," Acheson said
in a crisis broadcast to the Nation and the world. "The present crisis
is extremely serious. Whether reason will prevail is only partly for
us to decide. We must hope and strive for the best while we prepare
for the worst."
SOLEMNLY, Acheson called on the Chinese Communists to halt
-their "brazen aggression" ih Kor-
'ea
O ffie le Acheson expressed confidence
O in c ls G ive thtthe United Nations will not
be intimidated by the responsi-
bilities of acting to curb the
Grin Reports Chinese Red attack.
He spoke as the Far Eastern
crisis brought forecasts of a
To ong ess change in the Draft Law-to get
more men into the Armed Forces
-and as Congress heard that a
WASHINGTON ,- (P) - Top completely new war plan will have
administration officials reportedly t be created.
sketched for Congress yesterday The growing mobilization pro-
one of the darkest pictures since gram also brought a 15 per cent
early in World War II and warn-, cut in civilian use of copper in
ed that aside from the Korean cri- order to build up military sup-
sis, trouble may erupt in Europe plies. The National Production
"next spring." Authority ordered the cut, ef-
Throughout a tense day, key fective Jan. 1. Production of auto-
military-and diplomatic figures ap- mobiles, radios and many other
peared before committees on both items will be affected.
sides of Capitol Hill and gave the * *
lawmakers an up-to-the-minute IN BARE-KNUCKLE phrases,
analysis of events. Acheson linked the Chinese attack
* . * in Korea with the revolutionary
G R A V E L Y CONCERNED as Communist movement throughout
they were over the possible imi- the world.
nence of World War III, the legis- His program called for active
lators drove ahead on such home- support of the United Nations,
front legislative matters as taxes, development of regional group-
Alaska-Hawaii statehood and rent ings along the lines of the
control. North Atlantic Pact, and a rapidj
-On the international front, buildup of the military strength
President Truman underscored of this country and its allies.
the danger in Europe in a mes- Acheson continued- that eco-
sage to Congress appealing for nomic cooperation among nations,
speedy emergency aid to help constant readiness to negotiate in-
Yugoslavia resist "the savage ternational differences, and a firm
threats of the Soviet imperial- adherence to "the moral values
ists." which gave meaning to our lives,"
Noting that Yugoslavia has the were all necessities.
secondlargest fighting force in * *
Europe and that the two-year-old GOPSenators
breech between Yugoslavia and Ge n O S
Moscow has "steadily widened,"
President Truman said: "The Blast Acheson
Kremlin is determined to wipe out
this one successful example of a
former satellite which has freed WASHINGTON -(P)- Three
itself from Soviet control." Republican senators las night
'*accused Secretary of State Ache-
son of trying to oust General
Group Passes Douglas MacArthur as Command-
er of UN Forces in Korea.
R ent Control eThe charge was made by GOP,
Senators Wherry of Nebraska, the
Senate Republican leader, Brick-
WASHINGTON - - Theer of Ohio, and McCarthy of Wis-
An HnINTonm- (.P p-_Thconsin.

* * *

Britain Asks
Big Power
Peace Talks
Bevin Seeks To
Avert World War
LONDON-(1')-Britain held out
to Communist China yesterday
the possibility of a political deal
in Korea to avert a third world
war.
In a broad statement of British
foreign policy, Foreign Secretary
Ernest Bevin also told the House
of Commons Britain is ready to
join with the United States and
France in any talks with Soviet
Russia which might ease exist -
ing tension between East and
West.
THE FIRST ESSENTIAL in
Korea, Bevin said, "is to stabilize
the military situation and then
to explore a political settlement.j
"I have been working on this
for some weeks and the military
development in the last few days
has not altered my opinion one
bit-it is on political lines in the
end that we must seek the solu-
tion," he said.
Britain has recognizd Commun-
ist China and has a charge d'af-
faires in Peiping, but full diplo-
matic relations have not been
established.
Referring to China's seat in the
UN, Bevin said, "Indeed, I believe
that some of the difficulties with
which we are now faced in the
Far East would have been avoid-'
ed if there had been these oppor-
tunities for mutual discussion of
problems which the membership
of international bodies affords."
Europe Angry
PARIS -()- Angry outbursts
against Gen. Douglas MacArthur
last night marked the reaction in
war-weary Western Europe to
Korean setbacks.
There was talk in official
French circles of informally sug-
gesting his replacement as UN
Supreme Commander.
Many newspapers and anony-
mous political critics protested
MacArthur acted too hastily
in launching his "end-the-war"
drive last Friday. They said he
should have waited until British
and French suggestions for a buf-
fer state on the Korean-Man-
churian border had been worked
out. '
A French spokesman said his
government felt MacArthur had
launched his offensive in order
to wreck negotiations by France
and Britain for a settlement of
the frontier issue with the Chin-
ese . Communists. The Chinese
Communist counterattack fol-
lowed.
It was reported here MacArthur
ignored the advice of the British
and French diplomats with a
statement that, once the U for-
ces were on the Yalu Rive, sep-
arating Manchuria and Korea, the
Chinese would negotiate peace-
fully.

NEW UN COMMUNIST-Wu Hsiu-Chuan (left),head of the Chinese Ctmmunist delegation to the
United Nations, listens to proceedings at session of the United Nations General Assembly's political
committee at Lake Success, N.Y. Also seated at the table are United Kingdom Delegate Kenneth
Younger (center) and U.S. Delegate John Foster Dulles (right).

* * « " * *

Williams I
A irs Views
OnRecount,
LANSING-(iP)-Governor Wil-
liams "went to the people" last
night with his accusation that the
Republicans are trying to " x-
ploit" the governorship recounit
tangle for political purposes.
In an address delivered at 10
p.m. over a seven-station net-
work, Williams enlarged upon his
theme that the all-Republican
State Board of Canvassers had
willfully violated the law by re-
fusing to certify him as the win-
ner of the Nov. 7 election.
- * a
THE BOARD has said that it is
not required to do so and that
common sense dictates that no
winner be certified until after the
recount, asked by former Gover-
nor Harry F. Kelly, the Republi-
can candidate for Governor.
Under an opinion from Attor-
ney General Stephen J. Roth, a
Democrat, Williams contends
that he is entitled to take office
June 1 until and unless a re-
count unseats him.
Roth told the board so today in
a second opinion, but the board
rejected his views.
Williams accused the Republi-
can board of "making up its own
rules as it goes along-one set of
rules for the Republicans and an-
other set of rules for the Demo-
crats."
Williams said that with war
threats facing the nation, the
state could not afford to have any
doubt about who its chief execu-
tive is,
Drive
Progress
The Michigan Memorial
Phoenix Project has received
contributions from 80 per cent
of the members of three addi-
tional groups.
The house groups are:
Angell House, Alice Lloyd
Hall
Kappa Delta
Alpha Gamma Delta

SL Anti-Bias Clarification
Postponed for Two Weeks

The Student /Legislature voted
last night to postpone for two
weeks final action on a proposed
clarification of the anti-discrim-
ination measure which SL passed
at its last meeting.
. A special four-man committee
introduced the proposal to the
legislature. However a postpone-
ment to Dec. 13 of any decision
was suggested by Hugh Green-
berg, '51, to give the legislators
an opportunity. to carefully con-
sider the issue and to formulate
any additions or corrections to it.
* *
THE PROPOSED motion pro-
vides that any campus organiza-
tion which in 1956 has discrimina-
tory clauses in its constitutional
structure, would be denied recog-
World INews
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - A 15 percent
cut in civilian use of copper and
brass will go into effect New
Year's Day, along with an earlier
announced slashin aluminum con-
sumption.
The National Production Autho-
rity issued its copper control order
yesterday to conserve supplies for
military production and the de-
fense stockpile.
* *-*
DETROIT - Another jump in
the cost of living plopped a
three-cent hourly wage boost in
the laps of more than 600,000
auto workers today.
The benficiaries are employes
of General Motors, Ford and 61
other car producers and sup-
pliers whose pay is hitched to
the consumers' price index put
out by the Bureau of Labor Sta-
tistics.
* * *
PARIS-Premier Rene Pleven
staked the life of his cabinet yes-
terday on a double-barreled mo-
tion for parliamentary approval of
Defense Minister Jules Moch and
the new taxes needed to rearm
France. He asked the National As-
sembly to take the vote tomorrow.

nition by the Student Affairs Com-
mittee- unless the organization
could prove to SAC that there was
"a substantial probability that the
clause would be eliminated in the
near future."
The new motion was intended
only to clarify, and not to modi-
fy, the intent of the anti-bias
motion which SL passed Nov. 15.
In that motion no written men-
tion was made of any extension
to the 1956 deadline.
The new proposal would also
place all campus organizations,
except church connected groups,
under SAC ruling. Previously only
fraternities had been mentioned.
The special committee had
worked for three days to formu-
late the proposal, after it was dis-
covered that the meaning of the
original motion was not clear to
many of the SL members.
The decision for postponement
came as time was running out
on the automatic 11:15 p.m. clo-
sure of the meeting.
In delaying action on the pro-
posal legislators also took into con-
sideration an SL Michigan Forum
debate on the issue to be held at
7:30 p.m., Dec. 12, at the Archi-
tecture Auditorium. The debate
will provide background on the,
question in addition to giving ar-
guments for and against it.
Excess Profits
Tax Rejected
WASHINGTON -- (P) - The
administration's $4,000,000,000 ex-
cess profits tax proposal was ten-
tatively rejected yesterday by the
House Ways and Means committee
but members failed to agree on a
substitute.
Yesterday's balloting represent-
ed a victory for Republicans oppos-
ing President Truman's plan to
slap a 75 per cent tax rate on cor-
porate earnings in excess of 75
per cent of the 1946-49 average.
But the Republicans, who h'ad
some Democratic support on seve-
ral test votes, couldn't hold their
strength to put over any alter-
nate system.

UN Forces
Stiffen Lines
For Defense
Fight to Hold
Chongehon Bases
AT THE FRONT, Korea-(P)-
Maj. Gen. Edward M. Almond said
today elements of three armies--
as many as 80,000 men - have
"suddenly confronted" United Na-
tions forces in Northeast Korea.
Meanwhile resistance stiffened
against Chinese Communist hordes
trying to swing in behind the 110,-
000-man UNarmy.
Earlier reports to the U.S.
Eighth Army yesterday indicated
Communist pressure had eased
sharply.
AMERICANS, Turks and Brit-
ish, defending an arc at the
crushed east flank of the UN line,
fought hard to protect three Unit-
ed States divisions and one South
Korean division retreating south-
ward across the Chongchon river.
The United States 24th and
Second divisions, at the west and
east ends of the line, were re-
ported across.
Near the center of the line, the
American 25th Division reported
it was continuing an "orderly
withdrawal under pressure." The
Republic of Korea First Division,
on the 25th's east flank, also still
was making crossings.
* * *
FIELD DISPATCHES said there
still were considerable American
and South Korean elements an
the other side of the river,
The Eighth Army's immediate
objective was to hold an are
running from Kunu east to Kae-
chon and southeast to Sinchang.
This would protect completion of
the river crossing by the Unit-
ed States 25th and the first
Korean Division.
Red pressure was reported
against all- three points of the
arc, It was not clear at Eighth
Army headquarters whether Kunu
still was in UN hands. Kunu, on
the south bank of the river, is
only 17 miles from Sinanju on the
west coast.
CHINESE FORCES yesterday
blocked the main supply route of
American forces in the Changjin
reservoir sector of northeast Kor-'
ea, it was announced. Elements
of two army regiments were cut
off.
An estimated three Chinese
regiments on the south side of
the huge power dam reservoir
grabbed control of the main
supply road leading to the Amer-
ican troops' area from Ham-
hung on the east coast.
Four, other Chinese regiments
cut oc elements of the 31st and
32nd regiments of the United
States Seventh Division. A spokes-
man at 10th corps headquarters
said the cut off was "only a tem-
porary thing."
Saturday Set
For Students'
Arraignment
Arraignment of alleged student
bookies Lee Setomer and Robert
McGuire before the circuit court

was yesterday postponed until
Saturday.
The arraignment had originally
been scheduled for today, but a
crowded court docket made the
change necessary.
How the two would plead con-
tinued to remain a mystery yes-
terday. Ann Arbor lawyer Louis
Burke, who has been retained to
represent the two, said he didn't
have "the slightest idea" what
their pleas would be.
Meanwhile, authorities were con-
tinuing their investigation of the
operations of the football' pools,
but Assistant County Prosecutor

k

senate .tan ing uommiTee yes-
terday voted 10 to 2 to extend fed-
eral rent controls for two months
beyond Dec. 31 when the present
law expires.
Chairman Maybank (D-SC) said
the proposed legislation will be
sent to the Senate today and call-
ed for action not later than next
Monday.
Maybank offered t h e two-
months extbension proposal as a
compromise to Present Truman's
request for a 90-day extension.

* , *
COMMENTING ON Acheson's
speech last night, Sen. Wherry
rocked newsmen when he lashed
out at the Secretary of State.
"There is one thing that we've
got to get straight right now.
One thing that has got to stop
is this sniping at MacArthur
by Acheson and Bevin."
McCarthy declared that "Ache-
son and his group are trying to
get MacArthur because he has
stood in their way."

o Should Guarantee

World Peace, Says Laurence
* * Pr
6 Atom Peace Projects Urged

*

lecturer Expresses Optimism

4)

<" i

The United States' manufactur-
ing of the hydrogen bomb is the
greatest possible guarantee of
world peace, William L.' Laurence,
science reporter of the New York
Times, declared yesterday.
Speaking in the fourth lecture of
the 1950 Oratorical Series the not-
ed journalist expressed an optimis-
tic hope for the future in his talk
on "The Truth of the Hydrogen
Bomb."

our heads, we can still keep
peace and preserve democratic
values indefinitely, he declared.
Deriding those who advocate
beating Russia to the draw and
preventatively dropping atomic
bombs, Laurence said such ideas
were councils of hysteria and de-
spair.
"Only when all hope for peace
is gone, and when the world is
in flames .hould we resort to

By DONNA HENDLEMAN
T h e giant hydrogen bombs
plants which willrbe built in South
w Carolina can serve for peace as
well as for war purposes, William
Laurence, two-time winner of the
Pulitzer Prize in journalism, de-
clared in a Daily interview yester-
day.
"The plants will be a double-
edged utility," he said. "Although
".886 on-_s- tor- -i - - ma-csri a

iority of man-power which the
USSR and Soviet China have
over the United States. We are
forced to manufa'cture the ohy-
drogen bomb," he pointed out.
Turning to the problem of ci-
vilian defense planning, Laurence
declared that such preparations
are only common sense.
As for the atomic future, Lau-
rence hailed the Phoenix Pro-

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