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DISCIPLINE COMMITTEE
See Page 4

Y

Latest Deadline in the State

:43at jR

INDY, SHOWERS

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VOL. LXI, No.45 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 16, 1950

EIGHT PAGES

Kelly Seeks
Recount of
State Ballots
Election Muddle
Causes Confusion
LANSING -(A')- A state-wide
recount of a governorship election
-first in Michigan history-was
assured last night, but that was
the only positive point in a maze
of legal tangles arising out of the
state's Nov. 7 election muddle.
While Governor G. Mennen Wil-
iams, the 39-year-old Democrat
and first termer, relaxed beaming
in theexecutive office, secured by
a 1,52 vote lead, his Republican
opponent, former Governor Harry
F. Kelly was heading back from a
Florida rest to prepare for the re-
count battle.
* * *
KELLY gave his approval to a
decision of the GOP high com-
mand to call for a state-wide re-
count at Republican expense. How-
ever, legislators still are talking
about the state paying the bill.
Kelly remarked in a telephone
interview that it was customary
for the losing side to seek a re-
count only in those areas where
it expected to gain votes.
That leaves the winning party
to recount the others to offset any
gains by the loser.
* * *
"SUCH AN approach," Kelly
said, "in my opinion, would result
in a recount of the greater part of
our state's precincts and still may
not accurately express the major-
ity will of the people.
"Why not for the small com-
paratively extra effort get the ans-
wer to the question-which candi-
date for governor obtained the ma-
jority of the votes. In this manner
only will the confidence of the peo-,
ple in our American system be
maintained."
While the state, still unable to
receive a recount petition formal-
ly, began to polish up the long-un-
used recount machinery, a host of
legal tangles were dumped into the
lap of Attorney General Stephen
J. Roth, a DenidcratWho lost out
in the unofficial count of the Nov.
7 election.
Nation-Wide
Phone Strike
Enters Courts
PHILADELPHIA - (P) - The
coast to coast strike of CIO Tele-
phone Equipment Workers was
fought in the courts and streets
across the nation yesterday.
Injunctions restraining t h e
equipment workers from picketing
exchanges were granted in Kentuc-
ky and Wisconsin but were refused
in Omaha and Georgia. In Penn-
sylvania, a hearing on a request by
Bell Telephone Company for an
injinction will be heard tomorrow.
MEANWHILE, violence on the
picket lines flared in Philadelphia
and in Washington.
The big blowup occurred in
Philadelphia where pickets for
the second successive day bat-
tied police to keep non-striking
Bell Telephone operators from
going to work. Again the pickets
failed as police beat them back
and allowed the Bell workers to
report on the job.
In Milwaukee, Circuit Court

Judge Walter Schinz issued a tem-
porary restraining order prohibit-
ing striking Western Electric Co.
workers from picketing exchanges
of the Wisconsin Telephone Com-
pany in Wisconsin. The order was
issued at the request of the State
Employment Relations Board. The
judge held that no labor dispute
exists between strikers and the tel-
ephone company. He will decide
later on the board's request for a
permanent order under terms of
the Wisconsin utility anti-strike
act on the grounds that picketing
impares essential public service.
Kentucky officers spent the day
trying to serve a restraining order
banning picketing of Southern Bell
offices anywhere in the state. But
striking Western Electric Officials
dodged the order servers by quick-
ly withdrawing after picketing ex-
changes in four towns. The order
was issued in Louisville Tuesday.
Krassner Freed

Reds Hurl Back
South Koreans

'4i

SEOUL-(JP)-Communist count-
erattacks hurled back South Kor-
ean forces in frigid northeast and
'northwest Korea yesterday and
slowed an American push for the
Manchurian border.,
KoreanReds slammed into the
east flank of the Republic of Korea
Capital Division on the. northeast
coast 90 air miles from the Soviet
Siberian border. The South Kor-
eans lost two to three miles but
a U.S. Tenth Corps spokesman
End Marshall
Plan in 1952
Says Bricker
WASHINGTON - (') -- Sena-
tor Bricker (R-Ohio) came out
firmly yesterday against any ex-
tension of the Marshall Plan be-
yond its scheduled 1952 expiration
date.
He predicted a more active role
for Congress in the foreign rela-
tions field as a result of Republi-
can gains in the Nov. 7 election,
and said these should include
searching inquiries into the Ad-
ministration's plans for foreign
military assistance and aid to un-
developed areas.
* . *
FURTHER, Bricker told report-
ers, Congress must in the future
"have its say before we send troops
into a war which may result in a
world wide conflict."
He said there was no question
that President Truman circum-
vented the constitutionalpower
of Congress to declare war in
ordering American troops to de-
fend South Korea last June un-
der a United Nations resolution.
"This easily could have, and may
yet lead, to a full fledged war,"
he said.
* * .
BRICKER was the first of the
Republican Senators to return to
the capital after the election and
call publicly for a definite halt to
Marshall Plan aid for Western
Europe at the end of its scheduled
four-year' life span.,
But a number of other Re-
publicans have voiced similar
views in the past and probably
will press them more strongly in
the future as a result of the elec-
tion which trimmed the Demo-
cratic Senate edge from 54-42
to 49-47.
The GOP attitude of foreign pol-
icy also is playing a major role in
what may be a bitter struggle
among Republicans for an addi-
tional seat on the Foreign Rela-
tions Committee.
Druids Brew
MagicPotion
Fr m the Stonehenge circle
Aided by the witches cauldron
Mystic plans were brewed in dark-
ness.
Many twigs were examined
Many rocks were overturned
Subjected to heat from blazing
torches
Observed by men of knoivledge and
magic.
Most decayed, were burned, were
destroyed.
Finally from the murky grove
From the, cave 'where Fingal per-
ished
The Order of the Mighty Oak
emerged
Causing the earth to shake and
shiver
Causing nations and cities to
cower
All to bend the twig and sapling
And to capture the sturdy awends:
Devastating Dogwood Dufek

Obstreperous Oroko Osterman.
The Almighty DRUIDS have spo-
ken!

asserted the assault was consid-
ered "contained."
THE REDS HIT with eight bat-,
talions-perhaps 8,000 men-and
were reinforced by a marine train-
ing battalion which made one of
the few amphibious landings of
the war for the Communists.
In the northwest, a Red force
of possibly 1,000 men hammer-
ed a wedge four miles into South
Korean forces in fhe center of
the United Nations defense line
across the narrow waist of the
Korean Peninsula.
It was too early to tell whether
this indicated an attempt to split
the northwest and northeast
fronts.
BETWEEN THESE areas of Red
counterattacks, U.N. forces still
held the initiative but the going
was tougher.
The United States Seventh
Division ran into stiffening Com-
munist resistance in its thrust
through Central Korea toward
the Manchurian border.
Tenth Corps said the only ad-
vance was 4,000 yards on one sec-
tor of the 17th Regiment front.
The Seventh Division was running
into resistance described as "mod-
erate to heavy" about 28 miles
from the frontier.
The Reds brought tanks, artil-
lery and mortars into action on
the Seventh's front. United States
Marine aircraft ripped into Kap-
san, ahead of the Seventh where
a big enemy buildup was reported.
UN Committee
Delays 'Talks
On Formosa
LAKE SUCCESS -(A)-Fearful
that Red China's actions might
plunge the far east into war, the
UN Political Committee yesterday
postponed indefinitely considera-
tion of the future of Formosa, the
last stronghold of Chiang Kai-
Shek.
The majority agreed with Amer-
ican delegate' John Foster Dulles
that the risk of war made useless
any UN talk now on a long-range
settlement of the question of For-
mosa.
THE COMMITTEE voted 53 to
0 to shelve temporarily the For-
mosan issue. Even the Russians
voted with the majority, but So-
viet Deputy Foreign Minister Ja-
cob A. Malik said his government
wanted the issue deleted from the
Assembly instead of a mere post-
ponement.
The committee then decided
to take up next Monday Nation-
alist China's charges that the
Soviet Union violated its treaty
with Chiang Kai-Shek by sup-
porting the Chinese Communists
and is a threat to the peace of
the Far East.
The Committee vote was 14 to
take up the Chinese charges, 8
opposed and 36 abstaining. The
charges have been hanging since
the last General Assembly.
Return of Proofs
Urged by 'Ensian
'Ensian picture proofs must be
turned in as soon as possible, ac-
cording to Slug Kettler, 'Ensian
business manager.
There are 1,000 senior and grad-
uate students who have not yet
turned in these proofs, and if they
do not appear in person to do so,
the photographers, themselves, will
select the picture that wl1 appear
in the 'Ensian.
Office hours will be continuous
from 9:30 a.m. to 9:00. p.m. today

and tomorrow, and on Saturday
morning.

Psi U Fined
$2,000; Put
On Probation
Violation Brings
Largest 'U' Fine
By FLOYD THOMAS
Psi Upsilon fraternity yesterday
was fined $2,000 and put on social
probation till June for holding a
drinking party Nov. 3.
The University Sub-committee
on Discipline found that 23 mem-
bers of the fraternity and 23 wom-
en, most of them University stu-
dents, attended the party at the
chapter house. How many of them
were 21 or more years old was not
determined.
THE COMMITTEE heard state-
ments from Psi Upsilon's presi-
dent, social chairman and alumni
members.
Bill Ryan, Psi Upsilon presi-
dent, said, "The fine is unrea-
sonable, because we have only
30 members. That amounts to
$66 each.
About one-half of the men sim-
ply haven't the money, and we
have no plan for raising it."
The fine is believed the largest
ever imposed on a fraternity at
the University.
* * *
THE LARGEST FINES in re-
cent years were $500 penalties on
Theta Delta Chi Nov. 14, 1949, for
"numerous violations of Univer-
sity regulations" at a party, and
on Sigma Phi May 26, 1949, for
serving liquor at a party.
Both fraternities were also
put on social probation.
Delta Kappa Epsilon on May 18,
1949 was suspended for a second
liquor law violation. The first was
a flaunting of the prohibition law
in 1929.
PSI UPSILON, Phi Kappa Psi
and Delta Upsilon were placed on
probation Mar. 20, 1950, for hold-
ing a drinking party near Brigh-
ton.
A $200 fine was levied against
Phi Chi medical fraternity Nov.
15, 1949, for holding a drinking
party. Phi Chi was also put on
social probation.
Federal Court
Rules Delay
For Color TV
CHICAGO - (P) - Commercial
color telecasting will not start next
Monday as scheduled, a thre
judge Federal court panel ruled
yesterday.
The judges said they needed
more time - possibly another
month or more - to decide whe-
ther to approve or override a Fed-
eral Communications Conmission
order authorizing use of a color
system developed by the Columbia
Broadcasting system.
* s* *
THE COURT issued a tempor-
ary restraining order that pre-
vents CBS from putting its color
television programs on the air un-
til the formal court ruling.
A temporary injunction to
block the CBS color telecasts
had been sought by Radio Cor-
poration of America. RCA con-
tended the CBS color system.
6was inferior and would cost
present owners of black and
white sets $1,500,000,000 to con-
vert to that system of color.
The ruling, however, merely is a

stop-gap order that retains the
status quo while the court studies
the evidence put before it in the
last two days.
INFORMED of the ruling, FCC
officials told a reporter in Wash-
ington they would have no com-
ment at this stage.
Judge J. Earl Major said, "It is
unthinkable that we can decide
this issue in a day, a week, or a
month."

SL Asks

On Fraternity Bias Clause

For

Time

Limit

Acheson Set
To Confer
WithChina
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
State Acheson yesterday declared
American readiness to "explore
every possibility" of reaching a
peaceful settlement with Commu-
nist China over Korea.
He thus apparently offered to
negotiate with the Chinese Reds
through the UN but he warned
that th~ey may be in Korea not wo
protect their Manchurian border
interests but "to precipiate a really
great crisis in the world."
* * *
ASSISTANT SECRETARY of
State Dean Rusk, chief of far east-
ern relations under Acheson, said
frankly that American leaders do
not know'why Red China ente ed
the Korea fighting.
"It is of greatest importance
for us to try to find out whether
the Chinese have limited obec-
tives which are negotiable," he
said.
Acheson virtually offered the
Peiping regime-which the United
States does not recognize-assur-
ances that the American govern-
ment has no intention of lending
its forces across the border into
Manchuria and also that it will do
everything possible to protect Chi-
na's interests in the border area-
notably the Yalu power dams.
* * *
HE SAID everything possible
must be done to prevent the Red
Chinese intervention from plung-
ing the world into a "tragedy of
the most colossal nature."
Acheson and Rusk spoke at a
conference of representatives of'
200 American organizations which
periodically send delegates to the
State Department to discuss and
get reports on foreign policy.
Meanwhile from Prague came a
report that airline passage from
Prague to New York for Nov. 23
was booked yesterday for nine Chi -
nese understood to be the Com-
munist delegation to Lake Success.
The men are to reach New Yrk
at 5:20 a.m., central standard time,
Nov. 24 by a British Overseas air-
liner.
Ford Layoff Hits
50,000 Employes
DETROIT - Layoffs affecting
50,000 employes for at least a por-
tion of each of the next three
weeks were announced today by
the Ford Motor Co.
Ford attributed its action to "the
continuing labor slowdown" in the
steel rolling mill at its key Rogue
plant and "other parts and ma-
terial shortages."
The big cutback in production
will be at the Rogue Plant, the
company said. Other plants will
be. affected, but the number of
employes involved has not yet been
decided, the company added.
F World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
BERLIN - Gen. Vassily Chui-
kov, chief of Soviet forces in Ger-
many, charged yesterday that an
American jet fighter endangered
a Soviet hospital plane carrying
French Communist leader Maurice
Thorez to Moscow.-
American officials promptly de-
nied the charge.

* *
PORT ARTHUR, Tex.-Seven
successive explosions rocked the
nation's third largest oil refin-
ery yesterday, causing one death.
T h e first explosion came
shortly after midnight. Moments
later came a tremendous blast
which broke windows four and
one half miles away and aroused
most residents of this upper
Texas gulf city of 57,000.
* * *

Close 20-18
Vote Follows
Hot Dispute
Motion May Hit
Other 'U' Groups
By BOB KEI.TH
The Student Legislature voted
late last night to ask the Student
Affairs Committee to clamp a six
year time limit on fraternities for
getting rid of discriminatory claus-
es in their constitutions.
In a bold, highly controversial
move, SL called for the time limit
by a narrow 20-18 margin.
If accepted by SAC, the 'hotly-
disputed' time limit would result
in the banning from campus of
fraternities which still had dis-
criminatory constitutional clauses
by September, 1956.
IN ADDITION to setting the
time limit, SL called on fraterni-
ties with discriminatory clauses
in their constitutions to:
1. Present a motion on the fioor
of their respective national con-
ventions asking for removal of
such clauses.
2. Vote positively for such a
motion.
3. Report to SAC that they
have taken such action at the
beginning of each school year af-
ter attending a national conven-
tion.
. * -* *
IF BY 1956 any fraternity had
not succeeded in getting the claus-
es removed, SAC would deny
recognition to that fraternity.
Inter Fraternity Council pr6s-
ident Bob Vogt, '51E, estimated

OPPOSITION GAINS-Repulsing American advances, North Ko-
rean forces gained four miles near Hakalwoo, (center, dark arrow)
yesterday while holding off American attacks in the northwest
sector. North Koreans also gained territory in the northeast coast-
al area by pushing back South Korean troops.
Snyder Asks 75%
Excess Profits Tax

WASHINGTON -- (A) -- The
House Ways and Means Committee
acted yesterday to rush a decision
on the excess profits issue after
hearing Secretary of the Treasury
Snyder call for a 75 per cent levy
on such profits.
War Controls
Forecast by
NPA Counsel
WASHINGTON-(A')-An all-in-
dustry control system on the World
War II pattern may be clamped.
on industry next July 1 if, as ex-
pected, defense budgets soar to
$50,000,000,000 or $60,000,000,000.
The National Production Autho-
rity made this forecast yesterday
and, at the same time, cinched up
defense preparations by:
First, banning the construction
of bars and cocktail lounges un-
der the prohibition against new
"amusement facilities."
Second, ordering the allocation
of 10,000 tons of steel a month,
starting January 1, to build 12
Great Lakes ore carriers and other
vessels needed to expand the steel
industry.
MANLY FLEISCHMANN, NPA's
General Counsel, told reporters he
did not know whether ti - defense
drive, slowly gaining momentum,
will require rationing of automo-
biles or other consumer goods by
next mid-year.
The system involves complete al-
location of three basic metals-
steel, copper and aluminum-to all
users. This governs the activity of
each industry, and thus automati-
cally controls the quantity of oth-
er materials used.

Amid Republican cries -of "gag
rule," the committee voted to close
hearings Nov. 22, and to bar testi-
mony dealing with alternative
forms of taxation.
* s* *
THE MOTION was offered by
Rep. Cooper (D-Tenn) and, the
vote followed straight party lines.
Chairman Doughton (D-NC) had
said that if the hearings dragged
past Thanksgiving, there would be
no action at the lame duck ses-
sion of Congress, scheduled to be-
gin Nov. 27.
Rep. Reed (R-NY), ranking
Republican of the committee,
called the decision "the rankest
form of steamroller tactics and
gag rule."
Backers of excess profits taxa-
tion exacted a pledge in the last
Congressional session that such a
bill would be considered before the
year's end.
* * *
BUT MANY business men are
bitterly opposed to excess profits
taxation, saying it would lead com-
panies to engage in wasteful
spending to avoid turning much
of their earnings over to the Trea-
sury.
They prefer an increase in
regular corporation i n c o m e
taxes.
President Truman called Tues-
day for $4,000,000,000 a year ex-
cess profits taxes to help pay for
defense against Communism.
* * *
Yesterday Secretary Snyder
went before the committee to sug-
gest detailed methods of applying
the tax. He also broadened his
testimony to hint broadly that hea-
vier taxes are in the offing for
everybody.

r
s

that 17 affiliated groups had
constitutions containing t h e
clauses..;
It seemed certain last night tha
the Legislature's motion would be
immediately reworded to encom-
pass other campus groups besides
fraternities.
** * *
THE SL motion squeaked
through at 11:15 p.m. midst great
controversy and mixed feelinigs on
the part of legislators, many of
whom said they found it difficult
to make a final decision until the
last minute.
Inter-Fraternity Council rep-
resentatives who were on hand
to head off the time limit said
it would create so much hard
feeling within houses that fur-
fher moves tb eliminate discrimi-
nation would be hampered.
Vogt s id the SL action was
"completely detrimental" to the
program set up by IFC concerning
the discrimination problem.
* * **

AP CONVENTION:
China, K remlin May Be
Ready for. War-B rines

BUT Legislator Herb Ruben, who
drew up the SL plan, asserted that
although you can't legislate pre-
judice out of existence, you can
at least remove the legal barriera
to its elimination.
Many fraternities have been
forced to, discriminate in taking
in members because of these legal
barriers, he pointed out. "For the
University and SL to condone ex-
istance of such discriminatory
clauses is an anachronism in our
society," Ruben added.
THE SL MOTION would be
meaningless without the time lim-
it, Rubens declared. Before finally
passing the motion,. Legislators
voted down, 20 to 17, a substitute
which did not contain the time
restriction.
. Rubens expressed hope that
the six year limit would give
ether schools time to take simi-
-lar action so -that there would
be a united effort, to get the
clauses'removed in national con-
ventions.
Those who voted for the SL
motion are: Don Abramson, Keith
Beers, Dave 1Belin, Dave Brown,
Larry Devore, Hugh Greenberg,
Walt Hansen, Phyllis Jansma, Cal
Klyman, Ed Lewinson, Gordon
MacDougall, Leah Marks, Bill Mc-
Intyre, Walt Oberreit, Herb Ru-
ben, Audrey Smedley, Irv Stenn,
Jim Storrie, Tom Walsh and Dor-

I

TEMPORARY GOVERNOR:

State Offices Held Open by Recount

The chief reason behind State
Democrats' call for a state-wide
recount involving key offices is to
prevent a temporary governor
from assuming office January 1,
according to Prof. C. Ferrel Heady,
Jr., of the political science depart-

100,000 votes, would be sworn in as
acting governor.
In the event of Vandenberg's
temporary assumption of the
governorship, 27 key administra-
tive offices, including the Pub-
lic Service Commission, the Liq-

element will keep Vandenberg
from moving up into the gov-
ernor's position January 1,"
Prof. Heady continued.
He expressed some doubt over
the eventual success of the Demo-
crats' plan.

ATLANTA-{A)-Russia dictated
Communist China's entry into
Korean fighting and the Kremlin
may be ready for general war, a
veteran Far Eastern Correspon-
dent warned yesterday.
Russell Brines, Associated Press
Tokyo Bureau Chief, urged news-
papers to provide "clear, cour-
ageous leadership in perhaps the
most formidable crisis our coun-
try ever faced."

cutting through the curtain of
publicity "handouts," more dig-
ging for real facts, better coverage
of special fields such as religion
and health, more skillful writing.
James S. Pope, Louisville Cour-
ier-Journal, warned that news-
papers must compete with tele-
vision, radio and other interests
for the public eye.
The American Press must do
with words "what the television

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