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November 03, 1950 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1950-11-03

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_"T

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f

G. B. SHAW
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

tt

CLOUDY, COOL

VOL. LXI, No. 34 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1950

SIX PAGES

Communists
Hurl Back
UN Forces
First Cavalry
Caughtin Trap
SEOUL - () - Furious Chinese
Communist and North Korean
blows yesterday hurled back Unit-
ed States and South Korean troops
in Northwest Korea and air spot-
ters reported new ominous enemy
movements behind the flaming
lines.
The U.S. Second Division was
rushed into battle positions. About
1,000 men from the U.S. First
Cavalry were trapped.
A FIELD DISPATCH said the
fighting was increasing in fury on
this front near Unsan, which is
about 65 miles north of the fal-
len Red Korean capital of Pyong-
yang.
The savage attack on its east
flank forced the U.S. 24th Divi-
sion to pull back an undeter-
mined distance after it had
punched to within 15 miles of
the Yalu river between Man-
churia and Korea,
Air observers reported "consid-
erable enemy movement in the
Yalu river area toward Korea."
This was believed to mean activ-
ity in Chinese Communist Man-
churia, which is separated from
Korea in the northwest bythe
Yalu.
ONLY IN northeastern Korea
were UN forces on the offensive.
U.S. Marines jumped off in a
general attack yesterday toward
Changjin reservoir, which is be-
lieved defended by Chinese Red
troops.
Headquarters did not disclose
how many marines were in the
attacking force. However, three
days ago Gen. Edward M. Al-
mond said a big blow would be
needed to determine the strength
of the Chinese Reds in the
northeast.
The Marines began their attack
from Sudong, 20 miles south of
the hydroelectric complex which
supplies most of northeast Korea's
power. There were no early re-
ports on the Marines' progress.
* * *
THE UN POSITION was de-
scribed officially as "very serious"
by U.S. Eighth Army headquar-
ters. A First Corps spokesman
said it was "not so good as it
could be and not as good as we
would like it."
The Red China radio at Peip-
ing said rallies demanding Chi-
nese Communist intervention in
the Korea war were being held
throughout Manchuria. "All
over Manchuria, people are de-
claring that action must be
taken to assist Korea and pro-
tect our country at home," the
broadcast asserted.
Washington announced the cu-
mulative total of American casual-
ties in the Korean fighting yester-
day as 27,610, including 4,403
dead. The next of kin of that
many fighting men had been no-
tified through Oct. 27.
The figures, however, do not re-
flect all casualties sustained by
American forces in the conflict,
because of a lag-sometimes a
week or more-between the time a
casualty is recorded at company
level and the time that relatives
are notified.

West Europe
Plans Defense
ROME - (') -- Representatives
of 13 Western European nations
met here yesterday to open work
on plans for a unified European
army, including German troops, to
meet the threat of Communist ag-
gression.
Advisers to the foreign minis-
ters of the 13 countries held sec-
ret meetings to frame an agenda
for the ministers, who will start
conferences today.
Although officials refused to dis-
close the agenda topics, it was un-
derstood the conference will focus
on the item of whether and how to
intergrate West German troops in-
to European defense plans if the
ministers of the North Atlantic Al-
liance agree to the formation of
a unified army.
The isse ofyincluding German
troops caused a stalemate at the

Student Vendor
Status Unclear
City Ordinance Causes Confusions;
Some Decide To Circumvent Ruling
(EDIT0ItS NOTE: The following is an interpretive article presented by The
Daily in co-operation with SL in answer to numerous requests for an explana-
tion of the status of student vendors of ten cent programs.)
By RICH THOMAS
Two weeks after 26 students were picked up by police for selling
ten cent football programs before the Wisconsin game, confusion still
reigns as to the exact stipulations of the city ordinances under which
the students were detained for two hours at the police station.
A check of student distributors of the programs showed that
some had ,given up completely in their projects, while others were
devising plans to circumvent the Ann Arbor ordinances, and yet afi-
other was planning on printing and selling programs this Saturday
as usual.
WHAT ARE TERMS of the ordinances? Student Legislature worker
John G. Donalson, '51, spent seve-

Top

Revolutionaries

Held

In

Puerto

Rican

Roundup

Haber Cites
Manpower
Problems
"Our experience in World War
II convinced me that we need not
go overboard with manpower con-
trols now," Prof. William Haber,
of the economics department, said
yesterday.
Speaking before the Industrial
Executives Club of Jackson, Haber
declared that it is quite possible
to construct a voluntary partner-
ship among industrial manage-
ment, labor and government which
will meet the manpower require-
ments, short of total mobilization.
* * *
"HOWEVER,, there are certain
complications to be considered rel-
ative to the manpower problem,"
Haber added. "One complication
is the fact that there is very little
slack in our economy," he said.
"There is also evidence of short-
ages in certain skills and an over-
all tightening up in certain areas,"
Haber declared.
"This is significant because
the effect of military spending
is not yet felt," the economist
explained.
Commenting on the labor situa-
tion now as compared with 1940
Haber noted that our labor force
is almost 8,000,00 men larger than
it was in 1940. "Moreover, it is
better-trained, more highly skilled
and has better morale," Haber
added.
* *
"HOWEVER, there are substan-
tial differences insofar as our
manpower potentials are concern-
ed, between 1940 and 1950," Haber
remarked. They are:
1. Unemployment is now down
to 2,100,000, which means that ev-
ery man called up by the army will
be taken away from a useful job.
2. Our labor force is not as mo-
bile as it was in 1940, for it is fully
employed, and less inclined to
move.
Photo Deadline
Set forToday
Today marks the last time sen-
iors and graduates may make their
'Ensian picture appointments.
"No appointments will be taken
after 5 p.m.," Bill Osterman, sales
manager warned. Office hours are
9 a.m. to noon and 1 p.m. to 5
p.m. .
"We will also hold campus sales
on the diagonal today from 9 a.m.
until 3:15 p.m.," Osterman con-
tinued, "as a convenience for those
who can't make it to our office."
A total of 3,000 senior and grad-
uate pictures have been sold to'
date.

ral days this week studying the
ordinances, and confering with city
and' University officials.
Here is what Donalson learn-
ed:
There are two ordinances con-
cerned with street hawking and
transient trading problems. As re-
lated to student football program
selling, the ordinances cover three
main areas.
* * *
FOR ONE, because of traffic
hazards, all hawking and peddling
on Saturday's when games are be-
ing played at the Stadium is flatly
prohibited even to holders of three
dollar per day city peddling licen-
ses. - *.
However, there is another ord-
inance on the books that opens
an effective but expensive dodge
to the hawking prohibition. It
makes available at seven dollars
per day transient trader licenses.'
According to the statute, a per-
son must submit in writing to
the city council a description of
the business, and the time and
place where it is to be carried
s on, before a license of this type
is issued.
With the license, a program sell-
er would have to remain in one
place, located on private property
at least 18 inches from city terri-
tory, the entire business day.
*' * *
THE THIRD possibility is more
promising. Because University pro-
perty is state-owneu, it is outside
the jurisdiction of the Ann Arbor
ordinances. As such, all that is
needed is University approval, no
license or fee, for student vendors
to be able to hawk their ten cent
programs.
Dean Walter B. Rea when con-
tacted by Donalson, said that he
saw no reason why programs
could not be sold on University
property, provided approval is
given by the proper authorities.
Ann Arbor City Attorney Wil-
liam Laird and Councilman John
F. Dobson backed Rea's opinion.
"I do not think," Dodson said,"
that such a move would be con-
sidered an attempt by the Uni-
versity to circumvent the word or
the spirit of the city ordinance."
SINCE THE MOST useful Uni-
versity property in terms of pro-
gram selling is the area around
the stadium and the InterMural
building-Ferry Field vicinity, the
Student Legislature, led by Donal-
son and Bill McIntyre, '52, got in
touch with Don McEwen, '52, stu-
dent member of the Board in Con-
trol of Intercollegiate. Athletics.
McEwen conferred with Ath-
letic Director Fritz Crisler yes-
terday and announced that a
meeting of the Board is being
called for some time next week,
to consider allowing students to
sell their programs on athletic
department property.
Why the 1943 peddling ordin-
ance should suddenly be enforced,
after lying dormant for several
years, is somewhat of a mystery.
Top police officers were not avail-
able for comment last ,might.

Population
Of U.S. HNits
150 Million
Greatest Gain
Ever Recorded
WASHINGTON-(IP)-The 1950
population of the United States
was set officially and finally at
150,697,361 by the Census Bureau
yesterday.
It was a stride forward of 19,-
028,086, the greatest gain ever
recorded in the national census
taken every ten years.
This was an increase of 14.5
percent.
S * *
THE OFFICIAL sum-up disclos-
ed that one-third .of all the states
will gain or lose one or more
congressmen in the apportionment
of the 435 members beginning
with the 1952 election. The seats
are split up among the states ac-
cording to a formula based on
population, with each state en-
titled to at least one.
Seven states will gain in
House Representation and nine
will lose, as follows:
Gains-California 7 seats, Flor-
Ida 2, Maryland 1, Michigan 1,
Texas 1, Virginia 1, Washington 1.
Losses - Pennsylvania 3, Mis-
souri 2, New York 2, Oklahoma 2,
Arkansas 1, Illinois 1, Kentucky 1,
Mississipvi 1, Tennessee 1.
THE CENSUS bureau figures
out the new division of represen-
tation.
Roughly, the number of House
members elected in 1952 would
average out three to about a
million Americans. The census
has no effect on the number of
senators, which is fixed at two
for each state.
Unless Congress should unex-
pectedly change the present law,
it won't have to turn a hand for
the new apportionment of house
members to come.
WITHIN seven days after the
82nd Congress convenes in Janu-
ary, President Truman will trans-
mit the census report containing
new apportionment. Within an-
other 15 days, this information is
passed on to the states by Con-
gressional officials.
The states take care of their
own realignment of Congres-
sional districts if any.-
Congress, which has the power
of increasing the size of the house,
could do so if it gives statehood
to Alaska and Hawaii, as it is
considering.\
Pending bills provide for two
House members for Hawaii and
one for Alaska
The final census figures were
17,361 higher than a preliminary
census count announced July 22.
There were a number of import-
ant changes in state totals. These
resulted principally from allotting
to the states the numbers of tran-
sients and merchant marine crews
who were enumerated while away
from home.

WOUNDED GUARD MOVED-Pvt. Leslie Coefen, guard who was shot at the east guard box of
the Blair House, President Truman's residence, is moved from the shooting scene on an ambulance
stretcher as spectators watch. The Court of Claims, two buildings from Blair House is in the back-
ground.

Tactical Use
OARecognized
WASHINGTON - (/') - Enemy
troops on future battlefields may
be blasted with atomic weapons
launched by both the Army and
the Air Force flying in its sup-
port, a Defense department re-
port indicated last night.
The atomic bomb up to now has
been a strategic weapon, for mass
destruction of cities, but not for
tactical use against forces In the
field.
In their semi-annual report re-
leased last night the armed forces,
now engaged in strictly orthodox
warfare in Korea, took a long look
ahead to estimate the value of
new weapons being developed.
There were references to the
hydrogen bomb project, radiologi-
cal poison weapons, germ war-
fare, progress in guided missiles
and a device which could be used
for making maps of hostile terrain
under cover of night or clouds.
But much of the report dealtt
with defense affairs now out of
date."
Truman Says
No Spanish
Envoy in Sight
WASHINGTON -- (A:") - Presi-
dent Truman said yesterday it will
be a long, long time before this
country sends an ambassador to
Spain.
At a news conference, Truman
would not comment directly on
the United Nations action to end
the diplomatic boycott of Spain.
The questioning began on whe-
ther he had anything to say about
an ambassador to Spain in view
of the UN action.
The President replied he had
nothing on an ambassador to
Spain. And then, choosing his
words carefully, he said it will be
a long, long time before there will
be an ambassador to Spain.
And he told the reporters they
would have plenty of time to think
it over.
On Tuesday the Special Politi-
cal Committee of the General As-
sembly voted 37 to 10 to lift a ban
on the sending of ministers and
ambassadors to Madrid. The reso-
lution is scheduled to go before
the General Assembly.
Deadline Set
By Job Bureau

Pep Rally To nigiht to Lift'
Spirits of U' Supporters'

A torch-throwing demonstration
by - a Chinese student, pep talks
by All-American Al Wistert and
Wolverine tumbling coach Newtl
Loken, plus three bands, skits and
other entertainment will be used
at tonight's pep rally to send stu-
dent support and spirit into high
gear.
Rally sponsors have two good
reasons for working hard to get
every bit of student support at
the rally. The injury-ridden Michi-
gan squad enters the Illini battle
tomorrow as the underdog, and it's
probable that .the grid outcome will
determine whether the Maize and
Blue goes to the Rose Bowl on
New Year's day.
SWorld News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
BERLIN-West German police
smashed an attempt yesterday by
800 young Communists to storm
a British sector courthouse and
clubbed the mob back half a mile
to soviet-held territory.
WASHINGTON - President
Truman said yesterday that he
is in the midst of conferences
with both Republicans and Dem-
ocrats on a possible early recall
of Congress.
FRANKFURT - An agreement
whereby West Germany will grant
Yugoslavia $35,000,000 in trade
credits over three years was sign-
ed yesterday by representatives of
the two countries.

THE PRE-GAME pep rouser will
begin in front of the Union at
7:15 p.m. today. At that time, the
Marching Band will file past wait-
ing students equipped with 40 or
more torches, and then lead the
jostling crowd to Ferry Field for
the night's noisy business.
All events at Ferry Field will
occur against a flaming back-
ground, with Wolverine Club of-
ficialsbguaranteeing students of
"the biggest bonfire we dare
light on Ferry Field."
After the cheers, a baton-twirl-
ing display and music by the
Marching Band, Al Wistert, much-"
feared tackler of Michigan's famed
"perfectionist" team of 1947, will
give his idea about what will hap-
pen to the Illini tomorrow.
Wistert's appearance will prob-
ably stir memories of most juniors
'and seniors attending the rally,
since he captained the 1949 Michi-
gan team to a Co-Big Ten Cham-
pionship. He also played for the
widely-acclaimed Wolverines in
1947 and 1948.
* * *
FOLLOWING Wistert's talk, the
cry of "Roll 'em up" will be di-
rected at the second speaker, Newt
Loken, coach of the Wolverine'
tumbling team.
And for 'the first time at a
Michigan pep rally, students will
see a torch-throwing demonstra-
tion, as performed by Chih Kang
Wu, Grad., from Peiping, China.
The torches he will manipulate
about his body are often called
the "Indian Clubs." They are' 12
inch sticks with alcohol soaked
cotton at each end.

Revolt Ends
While Police
Seize_250
FBI Eluded by
Wife of Gunman
By The Associated Press
Puerto Rican polie jailed top
Nationalist and Communist lead-
ers yesterday and rounded up
scores of revolutionaries as an
aftermath of the abortive Puerto
Rican uprising and the attempt to
assassinate President Truman.
Routed from his home with tear
gas was Pedro Albizu Campos,
chief of the would-be assassins'
party and a key figure in this
week's bloody revolt against Unit-
ed States rule. The roll of pri-
oners mounted to 250.
San Juan, the capital of the lit-
tle United States territory,; was
under a virtual state of siege. 'The
city has been tense since the
American-hating Nationalists, a
small but fanatical group, touched
off Monday the revolt that claim-
ed more than 30 lives.
** ' *.
IN NEW YORK, Carmen Tor-
resola, 22-year-old widow of Gris-
olio Toresola, who was slain in
the attempt on President Tru-
man's life, disappeared from her
hotel while the FBI was looking
for her.
Secret Service men meanwhile
arrested three Puerto Ricans in
the, apartment of Oscar Collaxo,
Torresola's partner in the at-
tempted assassination. A Federal
grand jury investigation of Wed-
nesday's shooting was expected.
FEDERAL POLICE in Wash-
ington strengthened the security
guard around President Truman.
Also under guard were the
New York residences of Dwight
Eisenhower, president of Colum-
bia University, and Warren Aus-
tin, American United Nations
representative.
Collazo, only survivor of the re-
volutionist pair which tried to
shoot its way into Blair House
Wednesday, lay in a Washington
hospital bed with a bullet-hole in
his chest.
Abbott Claims
Truman Attack
Red Inspired
"The attempted assassination of
President Truman was probably
Communist inspired." Roger S.
Abbott, an instructor in the poli-
tical science department, declared
yesterday.
Abbott, who was in Puerto Rico
last summer, believes that Wed-
nesday's ill-fated coup, in which
two Puerto Rican gunmen ex-
changed gunfire with White House
guards in front of Blair House,
had a "Red tint."
The political scientist, who has
studied and traveled extensively
through South America and Carib-
bean countries, agreed with the
New York Times' report that the
Nationalist Revolutionaries are a
small, poorly-organized party
"which frequently echoes the
Communist line.'"
On the other hand, Richard Def-
fendini, a teaching fellow in the
Spanish department who was
raised in Puerto Rico,labeled at-
tempts to tie up the Communist
Party with the Washington fiasco
as "bunk."

"President Munoz Marin (of the
Popular Democratic Party) is try-
ing to pass the buck," Deffendini
said. "Politically it would be wise
for him to antagonize public feel-
ings against the Communists.
"But the Revolutionaries are a
completely nationalistic move-
ment. No Communists are in-
volved," he continued.
Deffendini's father once held

SHAW IN RETROSPECT:
Irascible. wit's Death
A t 94 Shocks Campus

BANNED FROM DIAG:
Gar To Rise from Cellar Today
The recently revamped Gargoyle '"" "'":' . "...\....""':.
will be on sale at campus drug
stores and on most sidewalks to-
day-but nowhere on the campus M ::> >:
itself.

By CHUCK ELLIOTT
George Bernard Shaw, the iras-
cible literary giant who in his long
writing career became the cen-
tury's most famous playwright,
died quietly Wednesday night at'
the ege of 94.
Here on campus yesterday, the
news was read with amazement by
students and faculty who could
scarcely believe that the choleric
master of drama was dead. He had
been a part of the contemporary
scene for so many years, always
keeping sharply abreast of it with
endless biting satire, that he had
become a living legend, an awe-
some personality.
* * * ,

leading irritant of our time."
When contacted last night, Prof.
Norton was engaged-in directing
a rehearsal of one of Shaw's
most famous plays, "Ceasar and
Cleopatra," which will be pre-
sented as a speech department
production later in the month.
Some saw perpetually irate play-
wright as a trenchant wit with a
goal in mind. One student pointed
out that "He was a man who could
present the ills of the world in
such a way that you laughed, but
remained aware of them after-
ward."
Along with many others, Robert
G. Shedd, instructor in -the Eng-

This decision was announced
yesterday by Dean Erich A. Wal'
ter, who said that inasmuch as
Gargoyle is not an official Uni-
versity publication-like The Daily
and The Ensian-it has no right

-... . -.. .....

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