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VOL. LXI, No. 33
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 2, 1950
U. S Force
SEOUL - () - Rocket-firing
Chinese and North Korean troops
yesterday pressed attacks which
have encircled an American regi-
ment and forced other units to re-
treat in Northwestern Korea.
Utilizing a new weapon-82 mil-
limeter rockets-the revitalized
Reds struck on the left flank of
an American armored column
which pushed up the west coast
to within 15 air miles of the Man-
churian border. This was a four-
mile advance since Tuesday.
A U.S. First Army Corps spokes-
man called the situation serious.
The attacks put U.S. First Calvary
elements and four South Korean
Divisions-the first, sixth, seventh
and Eighth-on the defensive.
One battalion. of South Ko-
reans has been surrounded for
four days. Another group of regi-
ment strength was cut off last
Tuesday night but broke free
For the first time, a U.S. First
Corps spokesman admitted that
"Chinese troops" were attacking in
ELSEWHERE on the curving,
250-mile front the North Koreans
and what ever Chinese Commu-
nists help they have put up spot-
ted resistance. They attacked
fiercely on other parts of the
northwest front, and attacked the
U.S. Seventh Division without sue-
cess in the northeast.
In the northwest, a column of
-the U.S. 24th Division thrust to
Choyon Gwan, 19 air miles
southeast of Sinuiju. Sinuiju is
just across the Yalu river from
the Manchurian city of Antung,
where the Chinese Reds main-
tain a large air base.
Sinuiju's own air field was sav-
agely strafed by U.S. jets whose
pilots reported at least eight ene-
my planes destroyed.
The column met only light re-
sistance after it beat back fierce
Communist counterattacks along
the Chong river, seven miles east
Overhead, Communist jets, per-
haps streaking from Manchurian
bases, were driven off by slower
U.S. Mustang fighter planes.
Neither side lost any planes in the
brisk clash but three Russian-made I
Yak planes of the piston- engine
type were shot down in dog fights
over the same airfield yesterday.
Need for. Good
Taxes can be reduced if people
in public offices can forget their
egos and work for the good of the
public, Naseeb G. Damoose, city
manager of Ypsilanti, said in his
lecture on the system of city-
manager government last night.-
In the three and a half years
that Ypsilanti has operated under
this form of government taxes
have been reduced, though public
ser'ice has not been curtailed, he
The business of the city is the
biggest business there is, and
should have a manager to run it
like any other business, Damoose
This manngr should hea ren-
Curc h Dogma
Throng in Rome Hears Pontiff Read
Declaration of Assumption of Mary
By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY--The ancient Roman Catholic belief that the
Virgin Mary was taken into heaven in body as well as in spirit be-
came an article of the church's creed by proclamation of Pope Pius
XII in a spectacular ceremony yesterday.
A multitude regarded here as the greatest assembly of its kind
Two Killed, Three
Wounded In Battle
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Two fiery Puerto Rican revolutionists shoe,
their way to President Truman's doorstep yesterday but were mowed
down in a gun battle with White House guards before they could carry
out their plot to murder the sleeping President.
One of the gunmen was killed, the other seriously wounded.
* * * *
A SECRET SERVICE man died of bullet wounds, suffered in the
roaring gun fight in front of Blair House, the President's temporary
home across the street from the White House. Two other guards were
At 94 Years
AYOT ST. LAWRENCE, Eng.--
(P)--George Bernard Shaw, one of
the modern age's greatest drama-
tists and its most caustic critic,
died last night at the age of 94.
The white-bearded Irish-born
sage, whose wit was renowned
throughout the world for a half
century, succumbed at 10:59 p.m.
: . *
SHAW'S DEATH was announc-
ed to newsmen by his housekeeper,
Mrs. Alice Laden.
Vegetarian, teetotalling Shaw,
who professed himself both a
Communist and an atheist, was
visited in his last. hours by an
Anglican clergyman who said
final prayers for the old sage's
"It is wrong to say that he was
an atheist," said the minister, the
Rev. R. G. Davies. "He believed in
* * *
SHAW LAPSED into his final
coma at 9 p.m., Tuesday, and
never regained consciousness. Op-
erated on seven weeks ago for a
broken thigh, suffered when he,
slipped and fell in his garden,
Shaw- grew steadily weaker. A
bladder ailment aggravated his
The reedy sage of Ayot St. Law-
rence, never noted for modesty,
proclaimed himself "the dramatic
emperor of Europe," and many
conceded him the title. He was
the author of more than 50 plays.
Many, like "Pygmalion," "Can-
dida" and "MajordBarbara," are
world famous. Indeed, the non-
smoking Shaw considered himself
the rightful successor and per-
haps the superior of Shakespeare.
* * *
SHAW ATE only vegetables but
spoke as if he fed only on raw
meat. He gloried in his reputation
as acknowledged world master of
the studied insult.
Shaw completed one play,
"Far-Fetched. Fables,". in. the
summer of 1950. The critics
Panned it saving it contained
since the start of Christendom
prayed and cheered under the eyes
of the-'Pope in St. Peter's square.
Vatican sources estimated the
crowd numbered more than 500,-
000. Church bells pealed through-
AS NIGHT came on around the
world, Catholics lit up their
churches and homes in rejoicing.
Millions of lights flamed. This All
Saints Day had witnessed the
crowning event of the Catholic
1950 Holy Year Jubilee. It will go
down in history as the Jubilee of
From the moment of the pro-
clamation of the doctrine of the
Assumption of Mary, the mother
of Jesus Christ, all the 425,000,-
000 communicants of the church
were required to accept the belief
or risk exposure to the sin of
As the rites progressed, other
ceremonies were held throughout
the world, in cathedrals, churches
and even in missionary huts in
THE PAPAL BULL, a Latin doc-
ument, of about 6,000 words on 26
sheets of sheepskin parchment, set
"The Immaculate Mother of
God, Mary ever Virgin, when the
course of her life on earth was
finished was taken up body and
soul into heaven."
A hurricane of shouts and cheers
arose as the Pope, seated on a red-
damasked throne before the cen-
tral door of the Basilica, declared:
"This day, long invoked, finally
is ours, finally is ours."
* * *
NO COMMUNIST disturbances
marred the day, as they did briefly
when holy doors were opened in
five Roman churches last Christ-
mas Eve to begin the Holy Year-
the 25th in Catholic history.
The announcement Aug. 14 that
the dogma would be proclaimed set
off the criticism. The Church of
England deplored the move. The
Archbishop of Canterbury said the
Pope's action would increase "dog-
matic differences in Christendom."
By The Associated Press I
NEW YORK-The UN Assembly
yesterday gave Secretary-General
Trygve Lie three more years in of-
fice and a big vote of confidence.
It overrode repeated Soviet
warnings that Moscow will ignore
Lie and refuse to deal with him.
The final vote on extending Lie's
term to Feb. 2, 1954, was 46 to 5
with seven abstentions. The Rus-
sian bloc alone voted against him.
Australia, Nationalist China, Eg-
ypt, Trans-Saudi Arabia, Syria,
Yemen and Iran abstained. Haiti
was absentdand the 60th and new-
est member, Indonesia, did not
LIE 'DELIBERATELY stayed
away from the Assembly while it
discussed him. He returned this
afternoon, accepted the extension,
and pledged himself to work for
peace through universal collective
security against armed aggression.
Lie also called for persistent ef-
forts to bring about a reconcilia-
tion of the conflicting interests
that divide the world and pledg-
ed himself to work hard for that
aim. Finally, he said the UN
must develop a bold and states-
manlike program to raise the,
standard of living in the world.
Russian Foreign Minister Andrei
Vishinsky fought to the last to de-
lay action. He accused Warren
Austin, U.S. delegate, of trying to
rush the issue through the As-
sembly. He appealed to the dele-
gates to, approve a Soviet resolu-
tion sending the question back to
the Security Council for further
* * *
THE RUSSIAN resolution was
rejected. Only nine countries voted
for it, 37 against and 11 abstain-
REDS SLOW UN FORCES-Open arrows indicate major North
Korean and Chinese drives which are throwing UN forces off
balance in their drive for the Manchurian border. Chinese
Communists are reported to be in the fight in the areas labeled
A and B. Tank led Red troops surrounded an American regiment
in the Unsan sector (in Northwest Korea) early this morning.
Black arrows indicate major Allied drives.
omhen ' Pone Servtce
Rated Poor In 'U' Survey
Vishinsky attacked Lie as
"stooge" for the United States.
WASHINGTON - (P) - French
Defense Minister Jules Moch pre-
dicted last night that France never
will give up its opposition to the
creation of German divisions for
the North Atlantic Defense Force.
He gave his opinion at a news
conference only a few hours after
Secretary of State Acheson had
predicted, also at a session with
reporters, that the Western De-
mocracies shortly will work out an
arrangement to include German
units in the force.
Just how far apart the French
and American Cabinet members
were was not immediately certain
since Acheson did not say what
size German units he had in mind.
Moch asserted that "clandestine
links" would be certain to spring
up between any German divisions,
The defense minister, who rep-
resented France at the 12-nation
North Atlantic talks adjourned
Tuesday night without final agree-
ment, said German units should
be no larger than battalions. That
would be 800 to 1,200 men.
More than 85% of the students
interviewed in a Daily survey con-
sider the telephone service in wom-
en's dormitories - inadequate or
Getting calls into and out of
the residence halls on Observatory
Street is quite a chore, according
By The Associated Press
DETROIT-Former Gov. Harry'
F. Kelly, seeking to return to the
office he held for two terms, con-
tinued his attack on the Americans
for .Democratic Action in a cam-
paign address last night.
"The ADA has Williams, Reu-
ther and Scholle as its guiding
master minds," Kelly declared.
DETROIT - Gov. G. Mennen
Williamssaid last night in a po-
liticaI speech that the Republican
idea of economy "involves the
most drastic reductions in state
funds for the care of delinquent,
neglected and handicapped child-
"In order to protect the big cor-
porations of this state from taxa-
tion, my opponent has been forced
to say that he approves of the
drastic cuts in state services'which
the last legislature put through,"
* * *
WASHINGTON-The Army en-
gineers yesterday announced that
$209,000,000 worth of Army and
Air Force construction will be
started before June 30 in 27 states
and territories, Bermuda and Oki-
* * *
HONG KONG-The Peiping ra-
dio early today announced the
capture of Changtu in its first ad-
mission of the Tibetan invasion.
Changtu is about 100 miles in-
side what generally is considered
to be Tibet.
to the 30 women dorm residents
and 60 University men polled.
* * *
FIFTEEN of the coeds consider-
ed their phone service 'poor" and
11 called it "inadequate." Though
three thought the facilities "ade-
quate," only one woman of the
30 found them "good." (
The main trouble in getting
calls in and out is the lack of
switchboards, according to 15
women. Three others said more
corridor phones are the ans-
wer, while 12 agreed that both
Francis Shiel, business manager
of the residence halls, said more
phones, not more switchboards, are
ONE COED said she wanted all
the phones ripped out. She has
never received a call from a cam-
Only six women objected to
giving Lloyd Hall superior ser-
vice by putting phones in now
empty booths. Shiel said these
booths were kept empty to keep
service, equal in all dorms.
More than 90% of the 60 Univer-
sity men found it hard to get calls
through to coeds. Forty-one of
them rated the service "poor" and
13 thought it "inadequate." Five
said the facilities were "adequate"
and only one considered them
* * *
Fourteen males thought
more switchboards are needed,
while 13 blamed t h e lack
of corridor phones. More than
half, 33, felt both should be im-
Ann Bickness ,'52, reported at
least 320 Lloyd Hall women have,
signed her petitions calling for
m o r e corridor phones. Gayle
Greene, '54 A&D, said she has
gathered the signatures of about
70 Stockwell coeds on a petition
asking more switchboards, corri-
dor phones and pay phones.
hurt, one seriously.
It was the first conspiracy t
By The Associated Press
Two crude gasoline bombs were
hurled into the Puerto Rican gov-
ernment labor office in New York
yesterday an hour before the at-
tempt on President Truman's life.
Police would not directly link
the bombs-both duds--with the
wild shooting fray at Blair House
* * * *
COMMENTS on the attempted
assassination yesterday of Presi-
dent Truman were immediate and
Vice President Barkley, pausing
in his stumping tour of Illinois,
"It was a dastardly effort."
"I am certainly happy it didn't
succeed and I know that the peo-
ple are grateful it didn't happen,"
he added. "I hope that speedy jus-
*I * *
SENATE Majority Leader Scott
Lucas, with Barkley on his tour,
said: "It's difficult to understand
why it happened when the Presi-
dent is working day and night to
bring peace to the world."
From San Juan, Puerto Rico,
Governor. Luis Munoz Marin de-
clared yesterday the assassination
attempt on President Truman
makes him more certain Commun-
ists are taking part in Nationalist
Party revolutionary actions there.'
An eye witness, Mae Hayes of
Arlington, Va., said:
"At the first shot policemen
seemed to come from all over and
converge on President Truman's
home. It was like a dream, gro-
tesque and fantastic.
To Use Hare
by two or more persons to kill a,
President of the United States
since John Wilkes Booth 'shot
Abraham Lincoln in a plot to
wipe out the whole leadership of
President Truman was taking a
nap at the time the assassins
stormed his home. The shot
awakened him but he was unhurt.
The President once peered out
of the window, to see what the
shooting was all about. He was
quickly waved back by frantic
* *i *
KILLED in the battle were:
Griselio Torresola, from New
York, one of the gunmen, and Pvt.
Leslie Coffelt, of the Secret Ser-
CoffeT was shot in the chest,
stomach and legs in his valiant-
and successful-defense of the
Two letters from Pedro Albizu
Campos, leader of Puerto Rico's
violently anti-United States par-
ty were found in Torresola's poc-
The injured gunman was Oscar
Collazo, also of New York. He was
shot in the chest and may live.
* * *
IN NEW YORK, Mrs. Collazo
said her husband belonged to the
Nationalist Party whose revolu-
tions in Puerto Rico was put down
earlier this week with a loss of
more than 30 lives.
The connection between Tor-
resola and Collazo was not im-
mediately made clear. But in one
of the letters Campos, the revo-
lutionaryleader, told Torresola:
"If for any reason it should 'be
necessary for you to assume the.
leadership of the movement in the
United States, you will do so with-
out hesitation of any kind."
Collazo told Secret Service
"We came here for the express
purpose of shooting the Presi-
RECONSTRUCTING the attack,
U. E. Baugham, Chief of the Se-
cret Service, said that Collazo
strolled by the sentry box at one
side of the Blair House without
He went along Pennsylvania
Avenue sidewalk until he was
within 10 feet of the entrance.
A guard was there, but facing
the other way. He heard a click,
Collazo said nothing, but opened
The guard, Pvt. Don Birdzell,
rushed into the street, even
though hit. He said he was try-
ing to draw the fire away from
the Blair House.
By this time Officer Floyd Bor-,
ing, standing outside the sentry
box, and Officer Joseph O. David-
son, who was inside, opened fire.
One of them dropped him.
Torresola was operating to the
west of Blair House. .
Guard Joe Downs who shot him
is in a critical condition,
* * *
SAN, JUAN, Puerto Rico-(AP)-
Pedro Albizu Campos, leader of
Rebel nationalist party, has been
under police siege in his home here
for the past two days.
Two letters from Campos were
fnund on the body of one of the
nothing he hadn't said before.
He was working on a light com- By The Associated Pre
edy, "Why She Would Not," NEWARK, Del.-Forrher
when he fell in his garden-Sept. sity professor and budgel
10. ler John A. Perkins off ica
Shaw, born in Dublin on July over the presidency of the
26, 1856, always thought well of sity of Delaware yesterdE
himself, but his recognition came Succeeding William S.
mostly after he was 40. He was who is now president of t
past 40 when he married Char- versity of Vermont, the
lotte Frances Payne-Townshend of old Perkins, is the younge
Ireland's County Cork, whom he ident in the history of the
called his "green-eyed Irish heir- sity.
ess." There were no children. Mrs. Perkins was assistant
Shaw, little known to Shaw's vast and professor of political
public, died in 1943. at the University.
LED ON LITERARY JOURNEY:
The Student Legislature
night moved to change the voting
procedure for the J-Hop Commit-
In this fall's campus election,
Nov. 20 and 21, the Michigan adap-
tation of the Hare system for pro-
portional representation will be us-
ed to choose the nine J-Hop Com-
mittee members. The new system
will replace the weighted vote plan
that was employed in the last J-
Hop election. The Hare system has
been previously used on campus in
choosing SL members.
The suppoiters of the plan ex-
plained that it would greatly cur-
tail block voting.
The Legislature also voted to
have the J-Hop Committee choose
the committee chairman rather
than have the chair automatically
go to the candidate with the larg-
est number of votes.
Earlier in the evening Leah
Marks, '52, chairman of the SL
Sub-Committee on Rent Control,
announced that complaints and
suggestions concerning rent and
rent control would be received
from 1:30 tn 5 n.m. today in the
Laughton Captivates Audience With Readings
By WENDY OWEN
Charles Laughton slouched
across the Hill Auditorium stage
last night and taught his audience
Seemingly gentle behind a stack
By simply circling his right
hand, and speeding his words he
roared a streamliner into the Au-
ditorium, and with a swift shift of
voice created a moonlit prairie-
town in the same spot.
CHRISTMAS he spent with
Dickens' Mr. Pickwick at a fire-
warmed country hearth. Reading
the lines of the host's mother with
minced words delivered from a
mouth which seemed void of even
This was the scene from "Mid-
summer Night's Dream" where
the anxious author, the character
who can play every part, and the
worried actor who cannot re-
member any line get together in
peace of prose in the English lang-
uage, with more mobility and
grandeur in simple words than any
other similar oration, he read the
address as Lincoln might have