THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1950
?AG!~ FOUR TUESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1950
Individualism & The Leader
RECENT LETTERS in The Daily have rais-
the question of individualism in the Rus-
sian society, especially as protrayed in the
film classic, Alexander Nevsky. The moyie
is a lucid presentation and is extremely in-
teresting and enilghtening as a product of
Russia in the late thirties.
The Daily's reviewer pointed to some au-
thorities between this film and Laurence
Olivier's interpretation of Henry V. The com-
parison is interesting as a study of the de-
velopment of screen portrayal cf battle
scene (certainly Olivier drew heavily on what
he learned from Nevskcy)b ut also for the
variances in thinking due to divergent tra-
ditions in Russia and the English speaking
The difference in concept of the leader
is pointed up in Nevsky, where the success
of the battle against the Teutons and the
force of the invader which they represent
depends primarily on the choice of the
leader. Thus, Nevsky becomes the inde-
spensible man. When the people of Great
Novgorod decide to defend their city, the
first question is not "how can we best ac-
complish this?" but rather "who can lead
us to do this?"
This scene brings into sharp focus the
idea of the absolute necessity of a strong
leader, and the impossibility of action out-.
side the leader. And although it would be
contradictory to fact to say this dependence
on the leader has always been an outstand-
ing characteristic of Russia, certainly it has
often been so.
Nevsky represents the indespensable leader
as not only necessary, but also very desirable.
He has the good of Russia and the Russian
people at heart, and it is this which makes
him functionally irreplaceable.
This is the idea the Czars tried to in-
still, this is the idea on which Lenin rul-
ed, and on which Stalin bases his power
today. It is a concept which abstracts The
Leader from the man, and holds him apart
from the people, making him more of a
mystic symbol than an individual. Stalin,
as the contemperory Russian leader is
revered and held up in a way that Truman
or Attlee, Eisenhower or Montgomery never
would be. Even Churchill, who came closest
to the symbolic abstraction of the leader,
was voted out of office
The reason for this is to e found in the
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and, represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: CHUCK ELLIOTT
Anglo-Saxon tradition of the leader. Here,
the necessity of the leader springs from a
realization that unless someone calls the
signals, chaos will result. Thus, the leader,
governmental or military, is the quarterback
rather than the coach.
Inherent in this is the " feeling - that it is
better to have a good leader than a poor
one: certainly we would rather see Henry
V calling signals than Richard II. But the
distinction between Anglo-Saxon and Rus-
sian tradition is that we do not feel action
or progress is impossible under Richard, or
a result of Henry. Shakespeare's Henry was
successful as a leader and as a man; Rich-
ard failed at botfi. Also, as a product of
the western renaissance, Shakespeare was
as interested in showing Henry and Richard
as individual humans as he was in portraying
them as leaders. This personalization has
come down to.us today in both our literature
and our thinking, but has been traditionally
less present in Russia.
Instead, the picture, not only of Nevsky,
but of the Russian people that is expressed
in "Nevsky" is one of the individual as
part of a continuing element. The impor-
tance of the individual is not denied, but.
the emphasis is on his link between the
past and the future, rather than on his
place in the society of today. Thus, the
individual becomes a vehicle for trans-
This continuing element in Russia flows
from the Czarist age to the present Commu-
nist era, and we begin to realize that Com-
munism in Russia did not alter a traditional
'totalitarian concept of government. It in-.
.troduced some new ideas, emphasized new.
.aspects of existing ideas, corrected some
abuses and created some others.
It also becomes clear that this tradition
has now, as it had under the Czars, many
portions of autocratic ideology intertwined
in it. And Russia today is a result of the
blend of Communist ideas and the his-
toric Russian view of the leader, with the
acceptance of the individual as part of a
It is impossible to say where this develop-
ment, with Russia now a dominant world
power, will lead either the Soviets or the
rest of the wrld. But it is vitally important
that we, as citizens of the other twentieth
power,'reach some understanding of how the
development of Russian thinking differs
from our own. It is helpful, in coping with
Russia tday, to recognize that we are deal-
ing with a nation whose entire political de-
velopment has taken a track which Anglo-
Saxon nations long ago rejected.
DISCIPLES OF law and political science
have always generally had the theory
that a bad law can best be defeated by strict-
ly enforcing it. When the objectionable parts
of the law are brought into the open, a cry
will arise for revision or nullification.
The internal Security Act is an out-
standing example of bad legislation that
has the potential ability of taking its place
beside the Alien and the Sedition Acts
and Espionage Act. The bill has gained
its ill fame from the vague statements
arid restrictions based on arbitrary deci-
sion which characterize the act.
While the bill was being debated in Con-
gress protests came from all quarters that
it would not achieve its objectives. The
President,his administration including the
Attorney General and the Federal Bureau
of Investigation and leading newspapers
throughout the nation voiced their warnings
Now the country is feeling the effects of
a poorly fashioned bill, particularly the sec-
tion concerning immigration.
Hardest hit has been the cultural life of
the United States. At Ellis Island famed
conductor 'Victor de Sabata was being de-
tained by immigration authorities. Other
musical greats being held there were Frid-
rich Gulda, Fedora Barbieri and Ljuba We-
litch. Even world famous Arturo Toscanini
was stopped temporarily, but later waved
through on a technicality.
All this bustling of activity by immigra-
tion officials has jammed Ellis Island
(which the Communists term 'that well
known concentration camp"), temporarily.
canceled visas from all over the world and
left our neighbors wondering just what
was going on in the citedal of democracy.
New York immigration authorities have
not been the only ones to tighten down. Re-
cently, Canadian authorities in Windsor were
reluctant to allow two foreign students on
a University sponsored trip cross into Cana-
da. They reasoned that the two students,
one from China and the other from India,
might not be able to return to the United
States because of the strict interpretation of
the Internal Security Act.
One rather ironic twist has resulted from
the rather strict enforcement of the act.
Senator McCarran, the real father of the
bill, has long been a strong supporter of
Franco Spain. He now must stand by and
see his bill exclude Spanish Falangists, the
members of Franco's party.
By the time Congress reconvenes, the
country and Congress should be in the
proper mood to add some drastic amend-
ments to the Internal Security Act.
These amendments should spell out in
precise terms who is included in "any to-
talitarian party (or direct predecessor, suc-
cessor or sub division thereof)." It should
stoP using arbitrary or artificial tests of
prior association which are not the real test
of those who present a danger to this coun-
,- KE OE flo
Xet, O-H EDTOR
The Daily welcomes comamunications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and. in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
"Will I Rescue You? Tune In Again Next Month" [INTERPRETING THE NEWS:
T ibet -- Nehru Reacts
By J. M. ROBERTS, JR.
AP Foreign Affairs Analyst
PRIME MINISTER Nehru of India is reported to feel let down over
Chinese Communist action in Tibet. He shouldn't have, been sur-
He has been told often enough that you can't do business
with -the Communists. Certainly Henry Wallace's recent public
embarrassment and recantation of his advocacy of cooperation
with Russia might have served the Indian leader as an object les-
It seemed obvious from the first that the one great effect of Pei-
ping's order for the invasion of Tibet-whether it is physically pushed
through or not-would be its impact on middle-of-the-road Nehru.
India's position is bound to be considerably different when in direct
contact with a militant China as comhpared to present operations be-
hind a chain of buffer states.
Already. India has sent a note to Peiping expressing formal
disapproval of the invasion order and threatening further action
if the invasion actually occurs. One result might be withdrawal
of India's sponsorship of Communist China for United Nations
Strangely enough, here we have another in the long series of
Communist blunders which come with such strange timing to bolster
non-Communist unity. The Communists might not be intending any
real invasion of Tibet at all. The present order may have been in-
tended merely to pressure such final negotiations. The beginning of
winter hardly seems to be the time for beginning real military opera-
tions in the Himalayan snows.
But the west has been worried by Indian attempts to do busi-
ness with Russia and Communist China. All arguments had proved
futile-until Peiping offered the best one of all-an actual re-
pudiation of an agreed line of action.
Now India has been given a strong nudge toward the western
position. She is learning the lesson which the west, after taking its
own slow time, too, learned several
Washington Merry - Go Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
LUCAS NEEDLES MALONE
Capitol Hill is still chortling over the way
Sen. "Molly" Malone of Nevada, Republican,
chalenge4 Sen. Scott Lucas of Ilinois, Delpo-
crat, to a fist fight on the Senate floor just
before congress adjourned. The blowup oc-
curred while the windy Senator from Nevada
was filibustering against the bill to bar slot
machines from interstate commerce.
Lucas suddenly interrupted Malone,.
who was munching on a sandwich as he
"I make a point of order against eating in
the Senate of the United States," needled
the majority leader. "I do not think we
have yet reached the point where we should.
make the Senate a restaurant. I do not be-
lievea-we ought to lower the dignity of the
Senate by having sandwiches eaten here
Lucas was grinning, but Malone saw no
humor in: the dig. He doubled up his ham-
: sized fists, slammed one down on his desk,
and glared fiercely at the majority leader,
who was standing about 15 feet away.
If the Senator wishes to make this a
personal matter, let him come over here,"
he challenged. Rangy, six-foot-two Lucas'
decided against turning the Senate Cham-
ber, into a boxing arena, in addition to
a restaurant. He stood his ground, made
no move either toward or away from the
Then came the payoff. As Malone turned
back to his sandwich, which had been cut
into small canapes, he found homespun
GOP Sen. Bill - Langer of North Dakota
calmly devouring the last of it.
* * -
MORE ON DEWEY-HANLEY
Here is more inside on the bitter New
York battle raging over the heads of Gov.
Tom Dewey and his Lieutenant Governor,
Dewey, it now develops, heard of the
existence of the Hanley "sell-out" letter,
and on Oct.' 11 asked his Lieutenant
Governor for a copy. Hanley refused. Han-
ley had written the letter to Kingsland
Macy in September and sent a copy to
James Leary, a Saratoga Springs lawyer,
who showed it-to various friends. However,
Dewey was not able to get a copy.
So he instructed Congressman William'
Pfeiffer of Brooklyn to scour the state for
the letter. On Oct. 13 the congressman came
up with a copy and it was two days later-
Sunday, Oct. 15-that Dewey abruptly an-
nounced his support of General Eisenhower.
Significantly, the Macy-Gannett group,
which put up the money for Joe Hanley,
have also been the backstage backers of
Eisenhower. But in politics, it doesn't pay
to have your neck out too early and the
best thing Dewey could have done to help
Ike was to say nothing.
Note-It wasn't merely because of a bank
failure that Joe Hanley needed money. Joe
is a great hand at the horse races.
FRIENDSHIP BUILDERS HALTED
Last year, a group of young Austrians
visited the United States-some under the
sponsorship of the Junior Chamber of Com-
merce-to build friendship between the
United States and Europe. This year, how-
ever, the friendship program is being halted
at Ellis Island-thanks to the new McCarran
What Congress apparently did not realize
when it rushed the McCarran bill over the
White House veto was that it would bar
some of our best friends in Europe-among
them Ernst Reuter, the heroic mayor of
West Berlin. Reuter has consistently resisted
Soviet attempts to penetrate the allied area,
but in 1919 he was a Communist. And though
, COPPER CANYON, with Ray Milland,
Hedy Lamarr, Maddonald Carey and Mona
PERHAPS had Copper Canyon not pre-
tended to be a "great saga of the Old
West," it would have succeeded in being a
pretty good western. Director John Farrow
had all the elements of a good western to
work with: a hunted hero who is trouble's
best boy-friend, a vicious bully with more
than a grain of intelligence, all sorts of
persecuted people just dying to be protected.
a good chase, a wild fight scene and lots of
plain and fancy shooting. But whenever the
picture shows signs of settling down to be-
ing just plain western, everybody wants to
get serious, a task which is in most cases,
not only impossible but undesired (pictures
like "The Gunfighter" excepted.) '
For most people westerns are an escape,
the bloodier and gutsier it gets, the better
it is; perhaps it is psychological. But at any
rate the audience does not come to be moved
by the pitiful struggles of the poor, defeated
Confederate army, fighting to make a "fresh"
start by conquering the wilderness (or per-
haps there is supposed to be a parallel be-
tween the people of Israel in the desert and
the trials of the itinerant Southerners.)
In any case, Ray Milland as the trick-
shot artist with a past descended like manna
into the middle of a bloody swindle scheme
designed to take over the copper mines of
the persecuted Rebs. There are moments,
as when Ray goes all by himself to the res-
cue of an ambushed ore train, dramatically
subdues a house full of cut throats, leads a
rousing cavalry charge, and makes love all
without batting the proverbial eyelash, one
somewhat wistfully tries to remember the
"good old days." When out of the West came
the thundering hoof-beats of the great horse
Silver, the Lone Ranger rides °again." Ab
To the Editor:
T HE LATE, lamented Perry Lo-
gan used to tell this one:
"A friend of mine, name of Har-
vey L. Hearst, was one time riding
back to college in the company of
several of his young, college-type
friends. Included among their
number was the brilliant young
Russian exchange student Fyodor
Hemingweigh. This same Hem-
ingweigh, although personable
enough, had an annoying habit.
He kept borrowing things.
"In Albany it was Hearst's
comb. In Black Rock it was
Hearst's colored glasses. Hearst
was becoming annoyed. St. Thom-
as, Windsor and Detroit it was
poor Hearst's necktie, a clean shirt
and a handkerchief. Hearst waxed
"As they approached Ypsilanti,
Fyodor once more addressed
Hearst: 'Lend me the loan of your
"Steam shot from Hearst's ears:
'Now goddamit, Fyodor . . . !' he
began . . . but Hemingweigh wag-
gled an admonishing forefinger'
'Ah ah ah! Anti-Sovietism'!"
Hadn't thought of this one since
Perry passed away. Couple of re-
cent letters in The Daily by some-
one called Barense brought it to
Student Directory . .
To the Editor:
NOWhaving been a student in
Ann Arbor for a few years, I've
become as gullible as the next guy
about paying through the nose
for poor service, but isn't this one
going a little too far? For the first
month or so it bothered me, but
recently I had become fairly used
to joining the mob at the Office
of Student Affairs for addresses
or merely waiting on street cor-
ners until my friends wandered by,
when suddenly Editor Roger Wel-'
lington comes out with the an-
nouncement that he will issue a
mid-semester Student Directory
after all. What I'd like to know,
if he'd care to answer is this: is
it this extra service of delaying
the publishing of the directory a
couple of weeks, or is it the 10%
fewer student names he had to
put in it this year that boosted the
cost from 75 cents to a dllar?
Reply to Drysdale .. .
To the Editor.
THE LETTER by Taylor Drysdale
in Friday's column contains an
analogy suggesting that war can
be considered as a large-scale ex-
tension of the same actions which
prompt the surgeon's knife or the
policeman's force. Military action
does for society what these do on
an individual basis.
There is a deeper point which
apparently is our oasis of differ-
ence. It is an emphasis on exaa'%y
that distinction between the indi-
vidual and the society. My funda-
mental assumption is the supreme
worth of human personality-the
highest level in all Creation and
the most creative power in the
world, exceeded only by the per-
sonality of the Almighty. From any
ctlen starting poiit emanates the
road to totalitarianism-commu-
nistic or otherwise-in which. the
individual is submerged for the
welfare of the society.
The doctor and the policeman
deal with individuals, and in the
situations which they face are sel-
dom placed in the impersonal po-
sition of being unable to exercise
the power of redemptive love -
whether or not they recognize it
or call it that. The situatiofi re-
mains individual. The su'rgeon does
not destroy the family if a limb
of one member needs amputation;
the policeman does not bomb the
village that the criminal therein
may be removed from society.
There is a distinction,' in other
words, between force and indivi-
duals and violence and society.
The prestige (unfortunately re-
sulting from "police" action which
had to become violence) which the
Korean situation has given the UN
is greatly to be desired, and may
it soon be channeled into greater
efforts toward world government.
The UN is dedicated to peace,
and it deserves the financial- re-
sources spent on war that they
may be used on the elimination of
the economic and social conditions
which breed dissatisfaction and re-
volt; it deserves the manpower
which is being poured into war
that it may be aid in effecting
this reconstruction; it deserves
hearty support for international
conferences to achieve - disarma-
ment. Even if all nations were not
'to participate in such an over-all
program, the action of a majority
in starting such a dynamic ap-
proach to peace could not be kept
from behind any curtin. Certainly
there would be risks, and a need
for vision; but are we not now
risking all of civilization, not to
mention any respect for persons?
Not appreciating the intex'nin-
able exchange of letters with which
these columns so easily become
overburdened, I should like to leave
for Mr.. Drysdale the opportunity
- for the "last word." May there be
others who, like Roger Quentin
(also writing in Friday's column),
observe that search for the "po-
larity for good" in men may be
the answer to the society which
becomes engulfed in socially-ap-
-Edward G. Voss
Field Goal .. .
To the Editor:
WE ARE pleased to note that at
least one football team in the
State of Michigan isn't too proud
to use- the field goal.
-Don V. Souter '49L
(and four other Michigan
150 lb. Football.*
To the Editor:
A few years back here at the Uni-
versity we had a 150 pound
i football team. I was never able to
see them play, but I have heard
r an awful lot about how god they
-were. This 150 pund team seems
like a very good idea. It would
give the smaller fellow who is out-
classed by the monsters on the
varsity team a chance to play a
good game of football and get
the many benefits the player gets
A CAT may look at a queen, and
the King may look at the
House of Commons-if, as doesn't
happen every century, it has to be
rebuilt after an onslaught by ty-
But history favored King Geo-
rge VI, and this is-What he saw: A
new chamber that preserved as
much of the old as feasible; tra-
ditional green leather covers on
seat cushions which were stuffed
with foam rubber; the "Church-
ill Arch," constructed of battered
stones picked from the rubble that
Hitler's bombers left behind them;
gifts from all over the common-
wealth and empire which Hitler
sought to destroy.
And if the King stopped to
count, he found something more
than 400 seats for more than 600
members. This anomaly is another
British answer to tyranny. No
Hitler is going to affect the shape
of British institutions, not even
indirectly nor superficially for the
But the fewness of Commons
seats is only incidentally an ex-
pression of that attitude. The size
of the House of Commons be-
speaks the Briton's mastery of
the most subtle elements of demo-
- As Winston Churchill has put
it, it is a principle that "there
should not be room" for all the
members. He attributes to the
lack of seating space "that sense
of urgency and excitement. to.
which our parliamentary proceed-
ings have owed a great deal, in the
past." (Laughter.) Or, as Minister
of WorksStokes puts it: "I re-
gard it rather like a debutante's
dance. If it is ngt crushed to over-
flowing, it is not a success."
So the size of the Commons
chamber is not simply a matter
of keeping things as they are, or
were, in Britain, but of making
sure that the 'atmosphere.of the
House is such as to keep things
duly changing, as they always
have, in Britain.
It is the understanding of the
connection between these two ap-
proaches to order with freedom
that has so disastrously eluded
despots down the ages. Their
thrones, their balconies,. their
eagles' nests belong to history.
But the British Commons goes on
belonging to the now.
-Christian Science Monitor
THANKS to a grant from the
Carnegie Corporation, Presi-
dent Robert M. Hutchins was able
to announce earlier in the month
that three spedial prqfessorships
have been established in the Uni-
versity of Chicago. Until the cor-
poration made its grant, teachifig.
had not been as highly regarded
in academic circles as research. No
one will question ,the importance
of research. But is college a teach-
ing or a research institution? It is
both, and because it is both, teach-
ing and research should stand on
the same level.l
-The New York Times
frm the game. It would also be a
good fast game to watch. I wonder
if this sport could be started up
once more? Just how do you read-
ers of the Daily feel about the 150
t pound football team?
I --John T. Buck
(Continued from Page 3)
Pershing Rifles Marching So-
ciety: Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rifle
Chess Club meeting: 7:30 p.m.,
Wolverine Club: Meeting, 7:15
p.m-., Union. 'Ensian pictures for
those with dues paid.
Gilbert & Sullivan Society: Full
chorus rehearsal, 7 p.m., League.
United World * Federalists: Meet-
ing, Room 3A, Union. Speaker:
Prof. Preston Slosson.
U. of M. Women's Glee. Club:.
Rehealtal, 4:10 p.m., League.
Canterbury Club: Wed., Nov. 1,
7 a.m., Holy. Communion followed
by ' Student Breakfast; 10:15 a.m.,
Wesley Foundation: Do Drop In,
4 p.m., Wed., Nov. 1.
ASME: Meeting, 7:15 p.m., Wed.,
Nov. 1, Rooms 3J-M, Unionr Mr.
Robert Kohr, Assistant Director
of Research, Ford Motor 'Co., will
speak on "Engineering Research."
All engineering students invited.
(Continued on Page 5)
HE PASSING of King Gustaf will,
naturally, be felt most deeply by his
fellow Swedes. But there are many of us
in other parts of the world who will miss
We had grown fond of King ,Gustaf.
We had b6come accustomed to seeing
his spare frame engaged in some stren-
uous activity in the picture pages of
By his fantastic activity at the age of
74 or 83.or 90, years when most of us will
be satisfied to stand erect under our own
power-, he reassured us that life, at any
age, can be a lasting and wonderful ad-
One day he would be playing a gamnw
of "vigorous" tennis. A few weeks later
he would be shown on a hunting , ex-
pedition, exhibiting with very human
pride the prizes he'd bagged. Then he'd
switch to swimming and to golf or riding.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of th'e Board in Control of
Jim Brown............Managing Editor
Paul Brentlinger......... City Editor
Roma Lipsky :........ Editorial Director
Dave Thomas... . .. Feature Editor.
Janet Watts..........Associate Editor
Nancy Bylan............Associate Editor
James Gregory........Associate, Editor
Bill Connolly...........Sports Editor
Bob Sandell...Associate, Sports Editor
Bill Brenton...Associate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans...........Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate women's Editor
Bob Daniels.........Business Manager
Waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
Paul Schaible..Advertising Manager
Bob Mersereau......Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz....Circulation Manager
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entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
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Subscription during regular school
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25 YEARS AGO
UNIVERSITY building and grounds em-
ployees were busy shoveling snow off the
47,000 seats at the stadium in preparation
Elka! What would we do with
a LIVE GOOSE?- The'fuss and
bother. We're lucky it got away!
But mother 11
...That we deliberately tried
to get rid of the goose-
Look at it this
We wouldn't DARE have
it for our holiday dinner-
I suppose you're right.
We can explain it to
I don't believe in
asked your old Fairy
Godfather to explain