THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1954
u 'S Two Hats
E ' ,.
2P G OF Jacob Malik's dual role in
UN Secrty council during August
A Jb r.ma 'kfd that Malik "wore
Sr ig to the fact that Malik
y te USR&s reprcsentative on
omi but al:o rerented the people
Sldin hs 1 apacity as council presi-
1n o t m h. Sr Gladwin, and most
mbr (A Ah council, left no doubt
Sth on<-derd that Mlalik's responsi-
'a pr _,nt should take precedence
ave hi u a oi't delegate.
cn very snmilar may be said of
Genea icArthur's position in
I .y, We t u 'wears tw+o hats."
T it hat ars the olive-wreathed
S t UN cad MacArthur wears this
Sma i capcIty of supreme com-
dr JU tres;' engaged in the Korean
n. Whlrile wraring this "hat" he
A xp n ixe mirectly to the peoples of
-gLi and dicactly to the security coun-
d th) UN Artariat.
d and original hat bears the in-
a o th Uni'd States Army and he
ahs innia in his capacity of Ameri-
71n * -' a i As a llWile wearing this "hat"
sible Ic his commander-in-chief,
1e P iden o the United States.
SM A rAr's handlng of his dual role
dsm d t o his sense of responsi-
r1 h<s fist allegjance is to the UN, as
wvu d seem ikiely from the interpretation
t ik s double role earlier this
y , ad o rgt to visit Chiang Kai-
uncalled for act lends
tacit UN approval to Chiang, an approval
which most of its members would vigorously
Moreover, in visiting Chiang, MacArthur
disregarded his second responsibility since
it has been the American policy, as laid down
by our President, to maintain a hands-off
attitude toward Chiang himself, while de-
fending Formosa as a vital link in the Ko-
rean supply line. Sending a subordinate or
relying on intelligence reports would cer-
tainly have been adequate for our purposes.
A second evidence of this over-indepen-
dence may be found in MacArthur's ill-
timed letter to the VFW convention in
Chicago which he allowed to become pub-
lic in spite of the presidential demand that
it be withheld. This letter criticized our
official policy in Asia and seriously weak-
ened our unity and world position at the
The incidents cited show that MacArthur
has a flair for tossing of his "hats" and
Perhaps it is this thought that is in Presi-
dent Truman's mind as he goes to confer
with MacArthur on the final prosecution of
the Korean war. The President may have
made up his mind that there shall be no
more of MacArthur's disregard for his dual
responsibilities. As UN forces approach both
the close of the campaign and the possibly-
explosive borders of the Soviet Union, an-
other ill-timed and ill-chosen act could prove
"Haven't You Heard? The Wolf Was Killed In Korea"
DR EW PEARSON
iN.arAn1Ce, hel has come to
- Aom ing - ther than hydrochloric
ad meting n ly as disatrous, at
K cee sArenus are not sup-
te w'g about the material
-f Sie, e t in a cynical regard,
rs in cur lidst a rather se-
0 mic ug-a--aoo-the price of
Id tha bks, particularly low-sell-
r ensive to produce, and
- r Al it w uld saem on the face
StAt in Ann Arbor there is more
in cn th'is type of merchandise
w cJarl in any college society.
ex>mplc f this trend is a purchase
- - a -rend LA ouirs at a State Street
He Asght a book used for a
na and later found the sales slip,
;ris spring, which gave ac-
so 1s buying price from 'in-
a s in-i'? A somewhat startling
s n lad ese in what has
o a uced-W\ck racket in this profit-
Ste wrds cft en used by buyers in
ses --hn mtdcits present books
S'meh hazy one-deprecia-
- ,l is a hzy word because
4rC 1' }
XetteP4 TO T E EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exeueding 3 0 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for ay reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withhead from publication at the discretion of the
it is applied to a variety of circumstances
with wavering implication.
It is used to denote a book's condition .
It is used to denote a lowering in the sale
value of a book due to edition or academic
obsolescence ... at times.
It is used to denote the length of time a
student has owned a book ... at times.
But though the word is used in these
various ways, its end-result is always the
same, and the student takes it on the chin
in the form of a lowered selling price.
This situation would be only partially un-
fair, were students given reasonable prices.
when buying used books. Such is not the
way the campus bookstores see it.
Their record is a long succession of ex-
cess profits, and if the student is to at-
tain prices on a level with his standard of
living there must be, simultaneously, a
change in the present situation of used-
Two possible solutions are brought to
mind. One is very simple but improbable.
That is for campus bookstores to take a
reasonable profit-and no more-from the
retailing of used texts.
Another solution, which may have to await
the millenium, is a project the Student Legis-
lature supported half-heatedly last year.
It is a student-run bookstore, along ;he
lines of the IFC's book exchange, but on
a wider and more inclusive basis.
Regardless of the means employed, the
end-a more consistent and equitable situa-
tion in regard to used-book sales-is worthy
of thought and action on this campus.
I & A'
p Iy Each no1 sach case must be brought
1<e him saX.at ly. Obiviously, there may
r y f sh cass under the sweeping
wect e ar edd for is indicated by
cse in w'hlrh he exercised his
-. I 'as thIAt of Friedrich Gulda,
y-year-icd Austrian pianist who
*Ak o . cne concert in'Car-
a n was dtained at Ellis Island
-a Af da's by immigration
SAew se lad blonged to the
ran intn as a boy of ten
SiCIAN had to sit dowvn
> 1 writ - a letter to At-
e, . < It reached here
mcrn ig, whereupon
a'a k tim out to con-
th'ivat We run man was
e a szapboX in Union
Se endacnvr our national
- law ofiicer issued an
a m t; stay here six days
tempua ary visitor's visa.
Sacs icleased from
as I' ti play the piano,
h s i ;1 he came here for
WASHINGTON-The general public has the idea that Secretaryt
of State Dean Acheson is an austere, supreme, sober individual.
In his relaxed moments, however, Acheson is just the opposite. He1
has developed a philosophilcal calm and whimsical humor that have1
helped him weather the storms that rage round his head.1
"The Secretary of State," he told intimate friends the other day,
"is always fair game. There's no use trying to argue with people like
Senators Taft and Wherry. They don't want to learn."
Asked what he did to take his mind off official problems, Acheson
"I worry about the oak plague attacking the leaves on my farm
at Olney (Md.). The leaves are falling off now, and they usually do_
not fall until late autumn."
Acheson is probably the first Secretary of State to use television1
in his official business. When he is in Washington and when Ambassa-
dor Warren Austin is waging tough forensic battles with Soviet dele-
gate Malik before the Security Council in New York, the Secretary
of State sits before a television set to watch the performance. Besides
his chair, as he watches his ambassador at Lake Success, is an open
telephone line direct to Warren. And, as Ambassador Warren debates
back and forth with the Soviet delegate, the Secretary of State picks
up the phone to suggest new answers to the strean- of Russian abuse.
There was a time when an exchange of diplomatic notes between
the United States and a foreign country required six weeks to two
months. They had to be taken across the Atlantic by clipper ship.
Later, the time of exchange was narrowed to a couple of days. But
now, with television, it's instantaneous.
TAFT'S PRESS RELATIONS
Ohio Senator Bob Taft is not always smart with his public re-
lations, but he was smart enough the other day not to get caught in
a radio debate with forthright and possibly unfriendly newsmen.
Scheduled to appear on a coast-to-coast network "Reporters
Roundup," Taft was to be interviewed by Joe Loftus of the New York
Times, Sam Stavisky of the Washington Post, and Cecil Brown of the
Mutual Broadcasting System. At the last minute, however, Taft tele-
phoned the program director and refused to appear unless he could
name his own reporters.
In order to save the program from cancelation, Taft was given
his way. He seledted four Ohio newsmen whom he knew personally-
Alvin Silverman of the Cleveland Plain Dealer, Jack Kennon of the
Cleveland News, Richard Maher of the Cleveland Press, and Clingan
Jackson of the Youngstown Vindicator. They dealt with him gently.
* * * *
It was Costello, also, who made peace in- the underworld after
the "roaring 'twenties." He laid out $25,000 of his own money to call
a convention of gangsters at the Hotel President in Atlantic City,
where they allotted territories and cemented alliances.
Costello operated the slot-machine business through the tru-mint
novelty company in New York City, then organized the Pelican Novelty
Company in New Orleans. He also formed the alliance distributors with
Phil Kastel, becoming the sole agents for King's Ransom scotch whisky
with royalties of $35,000 per month.
* * * *
MISSISSIPPI HEALTH PROGRAVI
Washington health authorities are watching a Mississippi country
doctor who is bringing health to rural crossroad communities. He
is Dr. Felix J. Underwood, who has turned down various honors and
fancy salaries to stay at home and fight for his own health program
as executive officer of the Mississippi health board.
Today, 26 years after Dr. Underwood started his drive, Mississippi
has launched a medical and nursing scholarship and hospital building
program which the U.S. public health service praises to the skies.
Thanks to this far-seeing physician plus an educational cam-
paign by the Lions, Kiwanis, Rotary clubs with the Farm Bureau,
1. Offers $5,000 medical scholarships to young men who pledge
to practice in rural communities of 5,000 people or less for a minimum
of two years. Every year that the new doctor pactices in the Missis-
sippi small town, one-fifth of the $5,000 loan is wiped out. Twelve
Negoes have received these loan scholarships. A total of 229 students
have qualified and received the scholarships.
2. Offers $3,000 graduate scholarships to nurses who promise to
return to Mississippi and teach nursing at least one year. The debt
is cut $1,000 a year during the time the nurse is training other nurses
in her home state schools.
3. Set aside $40,000,000 of state and local funds to build 63 new
hospitals and 30 health centers. The goal is four hospital beds per
1,000 people so located that they are within 15 miles of 90 per cent of
the state's population. Before the program got under way with an
o.k. By the 1946 legislature the state had only 1.6 hospital beds per
1,000 people, and 24 counties had no hospital facilities at all.
4. Authorized a 4-year medical school and hospital in Jackson.
This last step was taken by the legislature at the request of Governor
Fielding Wright this year.
iCopyright. 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
OtherMacDougal . ..
To the Editor:
MR. GORDON MacDougall, the
"Young Progressive" on the
campus may have a right to ex-
press his political views to the
public, but he is certainly putting
my position in jeopardy by doing
so. You see, my name is Gordon C.
MacDougall, Jr. and I am now a
part-time student at the Univer-
sity in the Graduate School. I
graduated from the Engineering
School at the University in June
1948, but have been taking part-
time work ever since. I work
full-time for the Wayne County
Health Department and it is most
embarrassing for me to explain
the articles written about what
Mr. Gordon MacDougall, the
"Young Progressive" has said in
regard to his political views.
I would like it understood by
everyone that I am not related to
and am not in sympathy with
the "Young Progressive's" views
on political issues. Articles about
Mr. MacDougall have appeared
not only in The Michigan Daily,
but in the Detroit papers and even
in my home town newspaper, The
Bay City Times. Both family
friends and business acquaint-
ances have questioned me about
the matter. This situation is not
only embarrassing to me but also
to my family who have been ques-
tioned regarding the matter.
May I suggest that Mr. Mac-
Dougall use his middle initial, if
he has one, or use some other
means of further identification
when using his name.
-Gordon C. MacDougall, Jr.
CED Prograin .
To the Editor:
MEMBERS OF the CED were
told by a representative o
the Medical School that the Com-
mittee on Admissions and the Ex-
ecutive Committee are considering
making changes with a view t
improving the applicationm blank
now being used.
The CED is happy to note tha
the Medical School is taking thi
means to publicly demostrate It
opinion that a problem exists con
cerning the current application
form. We have been attempting
for a year to prove that this i
true particularly of certain item;
In the form.
We have been attempting- t
prove that serious question's o
propriety, efficiency and the Uni-
versity's reputation are involve
in the Medical School's requst
for every applicant's relgion c
But that the Medical Schoo
now recognizes this possibilit
does not in the least put the CED
out of business. On the contrary
the CED plans to expand and in-
tensify its activities at this criti
We believe that those items o
the application blank which cal
for the candidate's religion an
photograph are now on publi
trial. The matter of their remova
is as much one of public policy a
of private, scientific research. W
therefore intend to vigorously an
publicly plead the case for thei
removal. We shall publicly prove
1. That the question on religio
is a grossly inadequate and un
fair way of investigating eac
candidate's personality, the us
to which the Medical School ha
said it is put; and
2. That the use of both ques
tions does serious damage to th
reputation of the University at :
time when they have been strongl:
criticized by highly respected in
dividuals and groups in educatio
and throughout society.
The climate of opinion through
out most of America is expresse
in the vigorous condemnation o
these questions by President Tru
man's Commission on Highe
Education, in New York State'
law prohibiting their use, and i:
the recent actions of many uni
versities-including the medic
schools of Illinois and Northwest
ern-which have eliminated then
The retention of these que,
tions by the Medical School i
the face of such a national prc
test against them can only cam
further damage to our Univel
The Medical School has at la,
agreed to consider the problem.
is now CED's function to convin(
its authorities that the facts di(
tate the removal of the question
We shall state the facts with as
curacy, logic and calmness. V
ask that our case be heard in
We are confident that if it
the necessity' for dropping these
requirements will be clear.
-Al Silver, Vice-President
Committee to End Dis-
To the Editor:
BEING NEW to the campus, I
lication as one of the fine college
However, I would like to ve-
hemently disagree with your mu-
sic critic's review of Traubel's con-
cert - or rather part of it. I
thought her reference to Miss
Traubel's taste in singing Beet-
hoven and Gluck in English was
well-founded; however, I was
stunned upon reading her glowing
irave concerning Mr. Bos, the ac-
companist. In my opinion, and
I'm sure serious musicians will
agree, Mr. Bos's accompanying
was terrible. Very rarely was he
together with Miss Traubel, this
being especially true in the Beet-
hoven and Strauss-his technique
was extremely spotty-his tone
was very brittle and his stage
manner inferred a scene-stealing
To say that Mr. Bos is "one of
the few truly great accompanists
Sof our time" is not only a great
injustice to other fine accompan-
ists such as Emanuel Bey, but is
also indicative of a lack of judge-
ment in the reviewer which could
harmfully manifest itself in fu-
ture reviews of pianists.
-Theodore S. Raphael
The Course Ahead
SN receiving the Freedom House
award on Sunday evening Secre-
tary Acheson spoke with a singu-
lar power, thoughtfulness and ef-
fect. His themese were not new;
f he has repeatedly sustained them
in the face of every kind of igno-
rant and often vituperative oppo-
sition. But for once, as he said, he
was among "friends," an experi-
ence like a "cool spring to a thirs-
I ty wayfarer," and in that atmo-
sphere his restatement of the basic
s principles and purposes of Ameri-
can foreign policy had a depth and
conviction which he has not al-
ways made so clear in the heat
of diplomatic and political action.
g The one great object of every
s move and every effort-is a stable
and reasonably viable peace. Our
new military measures are not for
f war, but to create the conditions
in which adjustment may become
possible. "Building the strength of
d free nations is not by itself a met-
hod of settling differences with
the Soviet leaders. It is a way-
l and again the only way-to pre-
Svent those differences from being
ysettled by default." Those "com-
mon objectives which make broad
compromise possible between the
~ Soviet leaders and the rest of the
world are now lacking."
-New York Herald Tribune
At The State
r , ,
c r ld do
Ssor ne this is
-S I Terty. They
- I tey would be
T- y'o-_ng man told
-s que - - ed, that he
- - yoeth movemnent
-~ " vn~ldo nothing
RIGHT CROSS with Dick Powell, June
Allyson and Richardo Montalban
You have seen them all before ifi one
movie or another: a tough reporter with a
heart of gold and a torch to bear; a smart
fighter with a chip on his shoulder and
atrophy of the hand; a beautiful girl who
doesn't love her man simply because he's
the Champ with a lot of money to boot; a
monosyllabic promotor engaged in purloin-
ing other promotor's pugilists; and others
ad infinitum. M.G.M. gathers up all these
mechanical people, gives most of them a
shot of anti-prejudice serum and lets them
unwind until Montalban, the gringo-hating
fighter sees stars and finally, the light.
It is difficult to commend a producer
for his forthrightness and daring in filming
his version of prejudice insidiously at work
when it is so obvious that he is climbing on
the Toleration Band-Wagon, trying to make
a little box office hay while the race issue
still shines. The sole reason for the compli-
cation in the plot is that the fighter is afraid
he is being looked down upon by "gringos,"
an attribute which the movie painstakingly
points out as being inherited from his other-
wise normal and loving mother. It is just a
bit too flimsy an excuse even for Hollywood
to hang a movie on.
There are, however, (and I suppose this
is this picture's only justification) some
pretty good fight scenes for the more sadis-
tic minded and a bit of New Yorker type
dialogue for the "intelligentsia."
America Vs. Europe
CONSIDER THE American continent!
Edited and managed by students of
the University of. Michigan underrthe
authority of the Board in Control of
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James Gregory....... Associate Editor
Bill Connolly.......... Sports Editor
Bob Siandell .. Associate Sports Editor
Bill Brenton .. Asspciate Sports Editor
Barbara Jans-........-Women's Editor
Pat Brownson Associate Women's Editor
Bob Daniels-........Business Manager
Waiter Shapero Assoc. Business Manager
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'Boo Mer-sereau....... Finance Manager
Carl Breitkreitz .. Circulation Manager
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ci -rse, many cases like
I m we -e suaked into the
1 or C'snmmunist vortex
a t" (ear-ly stages the
- ' ( 'poIn-Al leader-s who
'an '-ran distessed econo-
S- 'an wh-oIa his changed
Swho could know no
I piani whiled away
We have to open the depot for
toys for the poorer kids earlier
this fall Cleaning, fixing, and
painting the used toys in time
So the drive begins next week. And I!
have to think of ways to publicize it.
Have you any ideas, Ellen? I need help-
Mr O'Malley, my Fairy Godfather, says
if Mrs Givney needs help, he'll help her. .
Barnaby- [ A Fairy Godfather?