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Latest Deadline in the State
RAIN, CO DLER.
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VOL. LX, No. 8
ANN ARBUOR, MICUIUAN, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1949
H - . -.-.-- -- _______________________ __________________________________________________________
PRICE FIVE CENT
Return to Mines
PITTSBURGH - VP) - Bloody
" violence erupted anew in the
strike-scarred coal fields yester-
day as the nation's first double-
header steel-coal walkout pinched
America's economy a little harder.
Gunfire pinpointed a clash be-
tw"en Tennessee'. union and non-
union miners with at least three
hurt and two others missing. This
came at the same time as 102,000
of John L. Lewis' men streamed
back to the pits, the one bright
spot on the strike scene.
* * *
WITH 400,000 UNITED Mine
workers and 500,000 CIO United
Steel-Workers on strike over pen-
sions, the industrial snowball be-
gan to roll.
Dock workers walked out on
the Great Lakes.
Packard Motor Car Company
said it will furlough 7,856 work-
ers Thursday and Fridaysdue to
"shortages already caused by
the steel strike."
Railroads announced plans for
laying off additional workers-and
started toting up their millions in
losses if the walkouts continue.
In the Pikeville, Tenn., gun battle,
Matt Bunch, UMW international
representative, said 20 unarmed
union miners were ambushed as
they approached a non-union
mine owned by Keener Brothers.
TODAY'S GOOD news was for
home owners who heat with coal.
Almost all the output of the re-
turning miners---80,000 anthracite
workers in Eastern Pennsylvania
and 22,000 bituminous miners west
of the Mississippi-goes for home
heat. Lewis ordered them back
because their output has no bear-
ing on contract negotiations.
As for any plans for an early
end to the strikes that could crip-
ple the nation's industrial life,
they are most conspicuous by their
To Give First
Opera Star To Open
Marks 20th Year
As 'U' President
President Alexander G. Ruthven, who became president of the
University 20 years ago today, has served in that capacity longer than
any state university president now in office.
His tenure is the secondlongest of any president of the University
being exceeded only by that of Dr. James Burrill Angell, who served
38 years, from 1871 to .1909.
* * * *
ENTING ON the University's progress in the past 20
g which the enrollment on the campus increased from
* * * Oless than 10,000 in 1929 to its
present size of approximately 21,-
000, President Ruthven said:
"I'm very proud of the de-
velopments at the University
during my regime, but I realize
that the growth and success of
the University during this period
has been due in great part to
the cooperation that I've re-
ceived from the staff, and I want
to thank them heartily for their
"As I look back and then look
ahead I'm impressed by the fact
that the University has always
been changing and will continue
to change-because change is nec-
essary to progress," he declared.
ALEXANDER RUTHVEN . . .
... 20th year as president
Union Opera is very much in
need of the tuneful talents of
A meeting at 7:30 p.m. Thurs-
day in the Union will be held for
all persons interested in writing
music for the 1950 production of
the Opera, scheduled for early in
the spring semester.
Hit tunes from past Union
Operas have long been favorites in
student songfests, whether in the
shower, on the stage or at sere-
Past Opera favorites include
such traditional airs as "The Bum
Army," "When Night Falls, Dear,"
"College Days," the "Friars' Song"
and a host of campus drinking
PRESIDENT RUTHVEN had
acquired a first-hand understand-
ing of the school's problems as
the Dean of Admissions, when he
was named president by the Board
of Regents in 1929.
Among President Ruthven's
outstanding achievements was
his early reorganization of the
He distributed the executive au-
thority by creating three vice
presidents in charge of various
administrative fields, a director of
alumni relations and by appoint-
ing a Provost to carry out certain
* * *
PRESIDENT RUTHVEN insti-
tuted an executive committee
which included the dean and
members of the faculty in an
effort to unite more effectively the
faculty of the schools and colleges
and the administration.
Neither a world-shaking de-
pression nor a destructive world
war could long obstruct Pres-
ident Ruthven's plans for the
expansion of the University.
And with the active support he
has given the Phoenix Project,
President Ruthven has climaxed
20 years of service to the Univer-
Many Vital Issues
To Be Decided
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
of a series of interpertive articles by a
Daily staffer who spent several days
covering the conmunist trial in New
By ROMA LIPSKY
After more than nine months o
testimony, the Communist Con
spiracy Trial is drawing to a close
The case enters its final stag
today as the defense begins it
COLUMNISTS and analysts o:
every political complexion, ap.
proaching the case with viewpoint
ranging from that of the profes-
sional politician to the arm-chai
theorist have repeatedly called this
one of the most important la
cases of our time.
The outcome of this trial is
sure to effect more than the 11
defendants, and more than the
organized membership of the
Communist Party in America.
Issues involved in the case ar
closely tied up with governmenta
policy, both national and interna-
tional, and the jury's verdict wil
probably cause repercutions ir
both levels of operation.
* * *
YET SITTING in the large
high-ceilinged courtroom, one feels
See RED TRIAL, Page 6
By Pound Cut
The devaluation of the British
pound has had its effects on the
pocket books of foreign students
studying at the University.
Indian and Canadian students,
the two largest groups on campus
next to the Chinese, are feeling
the pinch in the form of less
value for the dollars they receive
* * *
ROBERT B. KLINGER, assist-
ant counselor to foreign students,
reported that the Indian students
have an allotment of so many
rupees they could call upon in
any one year and now conversion
into dollars throws them below
"The great mass of them are
now beating the streets of Ann
Arbor hunting for jobs to cover
room or board," Klinger said.
He pointed out that the effect
upon the near eastern countries
has been mostly a delay in the
receipt of money from home.
"These students have been taken
care of by the University Loan
Committee," he added.
"IT HAS NOT affected govern-
ment students, such as those from
Siam, Egypt, Iraq and Germany
or those individuals who have re-
ceived scholarships in American
"Perhaps the hardest hit of all
have been the relatively small
number of students from British
tropical colonies." In some of these
places, there were bank closings
and in all of them there has been
delay in receipt of funds, a situa-
tion which may become perma-
"It is felt that the ultimate re-
sult of devaluation will be favor-
able to foreign students. The im-
mediate reaction, however, has
been financial chaos," Klinger
Squad To Meet
The University's varsity debat-
ing will be launched at 7:30 p.m.
today in Rm. 4203 Angell Hall,
when all undergraduates interest-
ed in forensics will meet to out-
line plans for the coming year.
Handling the several teams will
be Ray Nadeau, coach, and N.
Edd Miller, director of forensics,
who guarantees an eventful year
of intercollegiate debates, talks be-
fore luncheon clubs, high school
groups and other organizations
throughout the country.
* * *
"WE HOPE the debate groups
Coast With 10-ieWu
Arthur H. Vandenberg, veteran
Michigan Senator, had half his left
lung removed in an operation early
yesterday at University Hospital.
Following the six-hour opera-
tion, doctors said at 4:45 p.m. that
the Senator's condition was "quite
THE 65-YEAR-OLD Republican
Foreign Affairs leader underwent
the operation to remedy what was
previously reported to be a lesion
on the lung.
Dr. John Alexander, well-
known thoracic surgeon in
charge of Vandenberg's case,
announced that the Senator's
"condition during the operation
At 8:30 p.m. yesterday, after
checking the patient, Dr. Alexan-
der stated, 'So far he is fine. I
couldn't expect him to be better."
* * *
A FURTHER Statement will be
issued between 9 and 10 a.m. to-
day when the results of the lab-
oratory tests are known. An an-
nouncement of what the operation
disclosed may be forthcoming at
Senator Vandenberg entered
the hospital a week ago for a
complete examination and diag-
nosis following a briefer check-
up last month.
His friends in Washington had
suggested he might require an op-
eration but they did not know the
cause. All the Senator's office
would announce was that he
would enter the hospital for the
The Senator's son-in-law and
daughter, Mr. and Mrs. John
Bailey of Grand Rapids, were at
the hospital during the operation
while the Senator's wife remained
by her phone in Grand Rapids.
By The Associated Press
LONDON-Britain, France and
the United States, spurred by Rus-
sia's lightning-swift diplomatic
endorsement of the new Chinese
Communist government, are ex-
pected to examine this week their
own attitude towards recognition.
* * *
BERLIN-All signs yesterday
were that a Communist East
German Government soon will
be set up in Berlin with Walter
Ulbright, Moscow-trained vet-
eran of the Spanish Civil war, as
chancellor or prime minister.
WASHINGTON-A brief formal
session yesterday marked the
opening of a new Supreme Court
term expected to produce historic
decisions on racial segregation and
Congress' right to inquire into
commmunism. It lasted a scant
WASHINGTON - Legislation
vastly expanding the goverment's
social security program was,
cleared today for quick House ac-
tion. Some members hoped it
might lessen demands by some la-
bor groups for special pension
plans financed wholly by employ-
New Senior Staffers
DON McNEIL DEORA NELSON -
... New Daily Associate Editor and Assistant Business Manager
4 * * *
Seven .promoted to Daily
Senior, Junior Staffs
Seven appointments to senior and junior positions on The Daily
were announced last night by the Board in Control of Student
In its first meeting of the year, the Board also named winners
of the 1948-49 Larry Allen Award for outstanding work on the junior
staff of The Daily.
* * * *
SENIOR APPOINTMENTS include: Don McNeil, '50, Detroit,
who was named associate editor; Deora Nelson, '50, Detroit, appointed
associate business manager; Alex Lmanian, '50, Detroit, photography
editor; and JoAnne King, Grad., Rochester, Ill., librarian.
_- ' McNeil, a political science ma-
Jor, fills the post recently vacat-
F uro e Sees ed by Craig Wilson, who is now
director of publications for the
National Student Association.
I a in On the junior staff, the follow-j
G ing appointments were made:
Geraldine Senderoff, '50, Irving-
M ar hal Plton, N.J., lay-out manager; Ina
See PICTURE, Page 6
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Thi sis the sixth
in a series of articles by two Daily Sussman, '52, Brooklyn, assistant
staff members who spent the summer lay-out manager; and Allan Clam-
i Europe as leaders of an NSA study age, '50, Detroit, assistant librar-
By BARNEY LASCHEVER and * * *
GALVESTON, Tex. -(W) - A
hurricane loaded with winds above
100 miles an hour slammed int
the rich Texas coast last nigh
between Freeport and Matagord
and moved inland.
The Galveston weather burea
said the edge of the storm was
about to strike here.
HOUSTON BRACED for hurri-
cane winds before midnight.
The striking storm covered a.
broader area than had been ex-
pected. The base of its target
extended 70 miles southwest of
here to Matagorda. Earlier,
Freeport, about 70 miles away,
had been set as the southwest-
ern end of the target.
Houston, about 50 miles inland
from here, is the apex of a triangle
expected to catch the force of the
The area is packed with dozens
of towns, millions of people and
tertainer Horace Heidt, sched-
uled to present his show "The
Kids Break Through" at Muni-
cipal Auditorium last night, had
to cancel it because of the hur-
He announced instead that a
continuous performance would
be given through the night for
entertainment of hundreds of
storm refugees who had flocked
millions of dollars worth of indus.
try, shipping and farms.
WINDS OF 75 to 80 miles an
hour whipped Matagorda. The
Freeport Coast Guard station re-
ported a seven and a half foot
The U.S. weather bureau at
New Orleans said the highest
winds reported to it were 100-
mile-an-hour gusts at Freeport.
At 10 p.m. the bureau said the
center of the storm had reached
the Texas coast near Freeport.
* * *
WINDS WITHIN 25 miles of the
center were estimated at more
than 100 miles an hour by the
weather bureau. Earlier, a Navy
pilot who flew into the storm said
he found winds as high as 120
miles an hour.
The U.S. weather bureau at
Corpus Christi said it appeared
the storm was moving inland
nearer Matagorda than Free-
port. Corpus Christi is 130 miles
down the coast from Matagorda.
As the hurricane moved in it
drove trash cans rattling down
Freeport streets. The town is three
miles from the beach, and the road
leading to the beach already was
under water. The big Dow Chem-
ical plant reported at 10 p.m. that
it was in snug shape. Lights in
the town flickered.
* * *
A SMALL crew was standing by
the plant, which sent more than
2,500 men away as it closed today.
Many residents of Freeport left
town about two hours before the
storm began edging in.
The U.S. weather bureau's 10'
p.m. advisory said, "Strongest
winds are above 100 miles per
hour within 25 miles of the cen-
ter. Highest winds reported so
far by coastal stations 100 miles
per hour in gusts at Freeport.
"Precautions should be con-
tinued against dangerous tides
and hurricane winds on the upper
Texas and extreme west Louisiana
coasts and for gales and high tides
on remainder of Louisiana coast.
"HEAVY RAINS and high winds
are expected for a distance of 200
miles to the north of Freeport-
Lake Charles area. Hurricane
warningshare displayed north of
Corpus Christi, Tex., to Lake
Charles, La.. and storm warnings
Mary Garden, operatic sensation
of two continents for more than
a quarter of a century, will present
the first of this season's University
Lecture Series at 8:30 p.m. to-
morrow in Hill Auditorium.
Miss Garden will talk on "My
Memories of the Opera."
* * *
THE SINGER, who created over
thirty memorable roles, was for
many years the star of the Chi-
cago Opera Company.
She has toured both America
and Europe, winning the praises
of such notables as composers
Claude DeBussy and Jules Mas-
Retired since 1934, the 72-year-
old star returns to America this
season under the sponsorship of
the National Arts Foundation.
* * *
THE FOUNDATION was estab-
lished at the suggestion of the
late President Franklin Roosevelt
"to encourage creation, interpreta-
tion and appreciation of all the
arts, and to bridge national boun-
daries with the arts."
When accepting the Founda-
tion's invitation to leave her na-
tive Scotland for a lecture tour
in the United States, Miss Gar-
den said, "We must not under-
estimate the value of the arts in
helping people of one country
to understand those of other
countries. I heartily endorse the
Foundation's motto: "Art is the
language of one world.'"
President Alexander Ruthven is
one of the Foundation's advisers.
Tickets for this lecture, as well
as season tickets for all seven
talks, are available at the Hill Au-
ditorium Box, Office.
Ensian To Hold
Tryout meeting for the Michi-j
ganensian editorial staff will be
Many Univers iti es
Operating in Red
By JIM BROWN
Michigan is not the only university facing a financial strain this
According to a survey of 630 colleges and universities taken by
The New York Times, nearly 17 per cent of the nation's institutions of
higher education are operating on deficit budgets this year.
* * * * -
EVEN WITH THE tuition hike which will go into effect next se-
mester, Michigan officials last July predicted a tentative budget deficit
here of $214,842. Special Legislature. appropriations are the only
means of covering this sum.
Private institutions depending on alumni donations and pub-
lic fund-raising campaigns for their support are in even worse
straits, according to the "Times" survey which appeared Sunday.
Twenty per cent of these schools. are operating on deficits and are
left with no visible source of income to make up the expected loss.
* * * *
THE "TIMES" ALSO reported indications of a general education
recession all over the country. While the University's enrollment is
expected to jump to a record high of 24,000 students (including those
enrolled in the Extension Service program), 42.2 per cent of the other
colleges polled anticipated registration to drop this year, deepening
their financial plight even more by the loss of tuition revenue.-
Many of these schools wll be forced to retriench by dropping
courses, discharging faculty members, cutting down on equipment
expenses, and curtailing building programs.
Aside from calling off building plans for additions to Angell Hall
and the General Library and hiring fewer new faculty members than
they had hoped for, University officials have not undertaken any
major entrenchment program here.
* * * *
EVEN WITH EDUCATIONAL "hard times" just around the corner
only 45.8 per cent of the colleges and universities favored Federal aid
for their institutions. The sentiment against Federal subsidies was
also apparent when the survey showed 76.4 per cent of the schools fa-
voring a system of national scholarships over direct aid.
State-supported schools were generally more receptive to Fed-
eral aid, with 73.3 per cent of those polled favoring some type of
financial assistance from the national government. Michigan of-
ficials made no comment on this question.
Local students hard hit by next semester's tuition hike will find
some consolation in the "Times" survey. While Michigan students
will be paying $145 tuition ths year, students n the other institutions
The average European's reaction
to the Marshall Plan is pretty
much determined by his economic
status and/or his political affilia-
In France we. viewed official
State Department photographs de-
picting a grateful farmer receiving
a new tractor under the ECA.
* * *
BUT WE TALKED to Parisian
laborers who complained that fin-
ished products from America had
forced his factory to lay off a
good number of men because of
lack of work.
On a higher level, government
officials pointed out that much
American equipment now being
installed in factories would pro-
vide more jobs and eventually
absorb those temporarily laid
The Communists, of course,
were dead set against the Mar-
shall Plan. They accused America
of using the program as an im-
* * *
BUT COMMUNISTS or no, it
was still quite evident that ECA
aid has materially benefited those
countries to whom it has been
In Holland, we encountered
very little criticism of the Mar-
shall Plan. Most people were
quite appreciative of American
See EUROPE, Page 6
THE LARRY ALLEN Award for
1948-49 is to be shared by Roger
Wellington, present Daily busi-
ness manager, and Mary Stein,
who is now an associate editor of
The award was established in
1946 in memory of Lawrence Ar-
nold Allen, '40, a former Daily
staff member who was missing in
action over Belgium in 1944.
It carries a stipend of $100,
drawn from the original fund of
$500 given by the Allen family.
Wellington's position last year
was promotions manager; Miss
Stein served as a night editor,
Prof. Pierre Legouis will speak
at 4:15 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre on the sub-
ject, "Corneille and Dryden as
Appearing at the University un-
der the auspices of the English
department, Legouis is professor
of English language and literature
at the University of Lyon, France.
He is known for his studies en-
titled "Andre Marvell" and "Donne
the Craftsman" and for his work
on Dryden. He has lectured fre-
quently at Oxford and other Eng-
Rubinstein Opens Concert Series
* * *
Playing an all-Chopin program,
piano virtuoso Artur Rubinstein
will open the Choral Union con-
cert series at 8:30 p.m. today in
the "new" Hill Auditorium.
Rubinstein, famous for his in-
the second of Chopin's three
sonatas, the "Sonata in B-flat
minor," Op. 35.
Beginning the, second half of
the program with the "Ballade in
- G minor," the pianist will con-