THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, BEFTEMBMUAWW J
RAGE FOUR WWNESDAY, SEPTEMRER ~2, ~R4R~
. ~ a U
r, y . ,.
The Daily's Aims
WITH THE MEANING of many major
issues obscured by black kettles and
blacker pots, and with little relief in sight,
clear thinking on the part of the college-
educated American particularly is at a high
Recognizing the dangers inherent in bias
and sensationalism, The Michigan Daily will
attempt to meet its responsibility to the
students on this campus by impartial report-
ing of local and world news and by well-
thought-out editorial interpretation.
The Daily will try to integrate the
ephemeral "opinion" of the campus in its
presentation of staffers' varied views. Al-
though we cannot and do not wish to
claim that Daily staff members are a
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: AL BLUMROSEN
statistical sample of the campus, reader
impressions and insight on all matters will
be printed in the Letters to the Editor
column. In this way The Daily will at-
tempt to be representative of all.
The editorial page will also feature prize-
winning cartoonist Herblock, political col-
umnists Drew Pearson and Joseph and Stew-
art Alsop, and the comic strip Barnaby.
On the news pages, Daily writers will
aim at accurate and complete local cover-
age. The facts will be presented and em-
phasized according to their respective im-
portance, with the minimum of interpreta-
tion necessary for readers' understanding.
National and international happenings
will be covered by the Associated Press.
The Daily's presentation of news and
views is primarily from the local angle, bear-
ing in mind the specialized interests of an
academic community. Thus we depend large-
ly on students and faculty who use our col-
umns to make this a representative publica-
tion, for a newspaper is primarily a com-
-The Senior Editors.
STUDENT GOVERNMENT pr~e. d Atst
worth last night when SL PrsIden_ t
John Ryder, Vice-President Qunin N,
and legislators Richard Hooker nd T
Walsh met with Ath lelti oiL s to a
the muddle of footbal tt dist 1iui
In doing so, they toued at h y
heart of Michigan social Iife-the foot all
season-and worked out a group s
plan with Fritz Crisler and Don Weir t
were, despite criticism, ready to iSen to a
better solution after all).
The four met with Crisier a n m S
of his staff last night and talked until 2
a.m. this morning. The disritn plan
which was devised will allow dents
register today or Thursday u aw n ii Iriy
or whenever the students wh whom they
wish to sit have finished processing to pick
up his ticket.
The meeting aided not only th sotudents
but the Athletic Department which was
faced with a gradually grow in stom of
protest. Ticket Manager Weir had resi'ndly
admitted Monday that he was bricing him-
self for criticism.
But these student represenhatives did
not NEED to do the excellent job they ne-
eamplished. Two thirds 1of ih
dent body could expect li"u from the o rv-
ernment they failed to voit Ic I-st l a;.
It is perhaps a commendati 1o Ino
who did vote that they elected people ai
to work for the students-people (t Oit
for another extra-ciirriuilar act i my but
people cognizant of the value of self-gcvern-
ment and its potentialities a, a fo ; o
make Michigan life easier for the suuot.
who becomes engulfed in it for four years-.
We have our ticket elan now. We can
go to the football games wih houx w:
please, realizing that our enjoyal: tme
is due to a handful of men and a handtul'
of students who voted for thenm.
It is a good example with which entering
freshmen can impress on themselves the
necessity of voting when another cloe1icon
It is a warning to the upperclassmen who
went through the 1948-49 school year with
an unpunched ID that the franchise, any
franchise, here or in state and national elec-
tions is not to be taken lightly.
WITH DREW PEARSON
By DREW PEARSON.
WASHINGTON--Washington social secur-
ity experts are worried about what the
steel fact-finding board recommendations
will do to the old.-age pension and social
security program now before Congress.
What they fear is a series of old-age
pension plans for certain industrial groups
that have the strike power to get them.
This might leave millions of less-organized
workers who have less power to strike with
inadequate old-age pensions and meagre
Social Security protection.
Under the Doughton Bill, now pending on
the House calendar, nearly 50,000,000 em-
ployes would share contributions with em-
ployers to double present Social Security
benefits. The Steel Board, however, favors
a pension plan for the steel workers paid
for entirely by employers, in addition to gov-
ernment social security.
What also worries the Social Security
planners is this: Will the steel workers and
other well-organized labor groups push as
hard for higher social security benefits for
which they pay part of the cost, when they
can get them from the employer for noth-
CIO Secretary James B. Carey warned
the House Committee on Ways and Means
in 1946 that if Congress failed to expand
,ocial security, "then labor organizations
of the type of the United Mine Workers
will attempt to secure security for their
workers in some other manner. The point
that I am making is just a simple one,"
continued Carey, "that this program pre-
sented by John L. Lewis to the operators is
a type of program that we say should be
adninistered by the Federal Government."
Carey's prediction was right. Lewis put
across his welfare fund-though it's now
suspended-thus putting the miners in a
favored position over other workers. Na-
turally the steel workers don't want to be
outdone by the miners. And millions of
other oldsters who don't belong to unions
don't want to be outdone either. It would
have been better if Congress had handled
the entire problem in the first place.
CIi0 PRESIDENT Philip Murray and his
top aides are not saying so publicly, but
they feel that President Truman has fumbled
the ball in averting a steel strike. The CIO
thought it had Truman primed to give U.S.
Steel a big tongue-lashing last week for
refusing to negotiate on the basis of the
President's own fact-finding board on steel.
Instead, Truman was meek, mild, and con-
demned nobody - despite the fact that the
steel workers accepted the principle of the
report while the company has rejected it.
* * *
MIDDLE INCOME HOUSES
EXT BIG housing battle in Congress will
occur when the Senate considers the
Sparkman "middle income" housing bill,
which recently emerged from the House
badly mangled by the real estate lobby, with
the aid of their friend GOP Representative
Jesse Wolcott of Michigan, plus a deft assist
from American-Laborite Vito Marcantonio
of New York.
What few people, except those directly
affected, realize is that almost one-third of
the nation's families have incomes insuffi-
cient to enable them to rent or buy decent
homes under current sky-high housing costs.
And the public housing bill recently passed
by Congress doesn't help this middle-income
group, who earn from $2,000 to $3,750 a
year. It provides rental housing and slum
clearance only for families in lower-income
The Sparkman bill is aimed primarily at
helping these $2,000-$3,750 families, chiefly
war vets, by direct government low-interest
loans under a cooperative arrangement sim-
ilar to the government's financing of rural
However, by some skillful parliamentary
maneuvering at a time when 340 members
w~r hacnt. mnt+ of thamn ategning, thp.
swearing-in of Tom Clark to the Supreme
Court-the real estate lobby struck this
important section from the House bill.
However, the Senate is still to be heard
from, and forthright Senator John Spark-
man of Alabama is confident he has the.
votes to reverse the House sellout .to the
real estate lobby.
* * *
JAPAN GETS RESPECTABLE
GENERAL DOUGLAS MacARTHUR has
cabled the State Department urging
that Japan be included as a charter member
in the proposed Far Eastern defense alliance.
MacArthur believes that without Japan's
manpower and industrial resources, any
anti-Communist alliance in the Far East
is doomed to failure. So he's asked the
State Department to try and convince Aus-
tralia and New Zealand to let bygones be
bygones and invite the Japanese to join.
"What Do You Think About These For '52?"
t. ARsE LEAPING
MAT R OF FACO:.
j i ef ense of Europe
f 4 Y
APIIINCTON- A simple question is raised by the Senate debate
the Military Aid Program for Europe: When are we going to face
th h facts?e
The first fact is that the strategic balance of power vhich now
protects Western Europe from being over-run by the Red Army is
wPholy precarious. It rests squarely on the temporary American mon-
opoly of tc atomic bomb.
The second fact is that the Soviet Union is making a masive re-
Inarment effort, in which top priority is given to the atomic pro-
j1ct under the' ruthlessly efficient direction of former NKVD chief
Lavrenti Beria. Moreover, the Joint Chiefs of Staff have faced this
(danger, and have devised a program for dealing with it.
r 1E PROGRAM is designed to make possible the defense of Western
Europe against the Red Army by 1954, when Soviet stockpiling
of the Beria bomb may be expected to begin. This five-year program
calls for the expenditure of eight to twelve billion dollars by the Ulited
States, coupled with a major effort to rearm by the European con-
By 1954, it is estimated, the program would result in forty-five
to fifty European divisions in being. Gven decisive tactical air suer-
imity, it is believed that these fifty divisions could hold the Red Army
until rsinforcexments arrived and strategical bombing began to take
effct. 'this program is by no means over-ambitious.
The Joint Chiefs estimate that even today, n cose of war, the
Red Army could put 300 complete divisions in the field by the end
of thu. first month. By the end of the first year, the Kremlin
vwouid dispose of 500 fully armed divisions. Moreover, as the So-
viet rearmament effort begins to take effect, these massive figures
may be increased still further.
'The Russians are concentrating particularly on heavy tanks and
heavy artillery. They are known to have more than 12,000 operational
piane', including large numbers of jet fighters.
A majority of the planners believe that the stunning statistics of
Russian strength are in some measure deceptive.
There is plenty of evidence of organizational and mechanical
weakness underlying the ominous statistics of Russian strength.
The strategic planners all agree that the Red Army cannot be de-
feated by a straight manpower slugging match on the ground. But the
best of planners have convinced the Joint Chiefs that the five-year
prognam outlined above is a calculated risk which must be taken, and
that if it is taken, Europe can be defended.
HEN.E ARE so many imponderables, including the degree teffort
that Europe is capable of making, that the eight to twelve bllion
dollar figure is only a guess, yet it is an informed guess. Taking ten
ibiilien dollars as the medium figure, yearly appropriations of about
tvwo billion dollars will be required to fulfill the program.
This means that the State and Defense departments must
go back to Congress for something close to this sum next spring.
Yet there is now some chance that the program will be abandon-
ed, or so raduced in scale that it will be rendered meaningless. This
is bca ause the Defense chiefs and others, noting the bitter resis-
tane on Capitol Hill to the interim M.A.P. outlay, are beginning
t suspect that it is political nonsense even to discuss appropria-
tions on such a scale.
If they are right, the day will come in five years or so when the
Kremlin can boast both an atomic stockpile and the unquestioned
z biliy to take all Europe at will. The balance of power will then shift
dc is vely in the Kremlin's favor, and an unthinkable atomic war
vIl become almost inevitable. Those in Congress who consider it poli-
Stically popular to cut the Military Aid Program should ask themselves
a question. How thankful will the voters be when that day comes?
(Copyright, 1949, New ork Herald Tribune, Inc.)
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first of
two articles on the Second Annual
National Student Association Con-
gress held August 24 to September 3
at the University of Illinois. The
dispatch is by Craig H. Wilson, direc-
tor of publications for NSA and for-
merly co-managing editor of The
By CRAIG WILSON
TJRBANA, ILL.-More than a
m i I I i o n students swapped
for the improvement of their aca-
demic lives at the Second Annual
Congress of the National Student
Association, here in August.
Through their representatives
-from more than 300 colleges
and universities - they spent
ten intensive days and nights
trading ideas, learning about
situations other students face,
anl beginning to understand
They met in small, informal 15-
man round tables to talk about
particular problems - like dis-
crimination evident in college en-
They convened in larger com-
missions to attack phases of stu-
dent interest - like international
problems and foreign travel.
And they united in plenary ses-
sions to take up the entire scope
of student life.
HERE ON the University of
Illinois campus, the more than 800
delegates and alternates examined
the worth of all the thoughts they
could muster on bettering the
educational system of the United
States and making it more amply
serve the needs of each individual
The first step taken was that
of acquainting themselves with
the problem areas, by hearing
notable "resource" speakers, in-
Dr. Harold Taylor, president,
Sarah Lawrence College; Dr.
Francis Brown, American Council
on Education; Dr. HaywardIHol-
bert, Counselor to Student Organ-
izations, New York University;
Robert Huddleston, North Ameri-
can Student Cooperative League;
George Houser, Committee on Ra-
cial Equality, and Wim Heyneker,
Dutch Office of Foreign Student
* * *
OTHERS WERE: Frank Sulew-
ski, World Student Service Fund
(WSSF);Dean Newhouse, Dean
of Students, Case Institute of
Technology; Gordon Klopf, Stu-
dent Personnel Advisor, Rniver-
sity of Wisconsin; George Howatt,
instructor in political science, Le-
high University; Sigvard Wolon-
ts, general secretary, Internation-
al Student Service (ISS) ; Ravin-
dra Varma, president, All-India
Student Congress; Dr. Buell Gal-
lagher, U. S. Office of Education;
and Dr. Helen Yhite, U. S. Com-
missiorY for UNESCO.
DISCUSSION AND decisions on
National Student Association pol-
icy centered on discrimination
and segregation, academic free-
dom, international affairs, and
Federal aid to education.
On Minority group bias, re-
presentatives r e a li z e d that
"character and academic stand-
ing are the only two qualifica-
tions necessary for admihjion to
They called for legislation
against schools refusing admission
to students because of race, re-
ligion, sex, national origin, poli-
tical beliefs and economic circum-
stances. They will also work
through legislative and legal ac-
tion for the removal of laws which
perpetuate discriminatory clauses.
TAKING A stand on the even-
tualelimination of discrimination
which was called "neither right
nor left," the NSA adopted the
"Michigan Plan" used at the Uni-
versity of Michigan. It calls' for
banning of any new campus or-
ganization with discriminatory
clauses in its constitution or char-
ter and for the education of pre-
sent groups with discriminatory
The National Interfraternity
Council and the National Pan-
sellenic Conference were urged
t o eliminate discriminatory
clauses within member social
sorority and fraternity groups.
On Federal aid to education,
students were for Federal scholar-
didn't forget limitations they
ships and fellowship grants, but
thought it should have.
AID SHOULD not be discrim-
inatory, and "where segregation
exists in the primary and second-
ary levels of education in a state,
scholarships in higher education
should first be divided in propor-
tion to racial groups within the
Merits and needs, determined
according to an objective ex-
amination, should be the cri-
terion-not "loyalty checks."
And students should be able to
choose where they want to
NSA defined academic freedom
as the right of a scholar to seek
the truth, discuss his subject, and
offer his conclusions through pub-
lication and classroom instruc-
"Membership in any political,
religious, or other organization
or adherence to any philoso-
phical, political, or religious be-
lief do not constitute in them-
selves sufficient grounds for
dismissal or failure to re-hire
educators," they declared.
If universities and colleges have
any ideological qualification for
teaching, they should state It-in
v4riting-to the teacher, bfore
NSA will also continue its pre-
sent policy of "efforts of coopera-
tion on specific projects of a non-
political nature" with the Com-
Union of Students (IiUS).
* * *
ROBERT A. KELLY of St. Pe-
ter's College, was elected at the
second annual Student Congress
to head the NSA for its third-year.
He replaces James T. Harris, of
La Salle College.
New international affairs vice-
president will be Erskine Chil-
ders, Stanford. Vice-president for
student life will be Theodore Per-
ry, Temple University. Education-
al problems vice-president will be
Rick J. Medalie, Carleton College.
Frederic D. Houghteling, Harv-
ard, will be executive secretary
from January, 1950 to January,
All officers will drop their for-
mal studies for the coming year to
devote full time to national staff
duties. Smith and Childers will
have their office at Cambridge,
Mass., and the others at Madison,
For Better Education
WITH ALL THE precautions the Univer-
sity takes in September, during fresh-
man orientation week, most of the newcom-
ers to campus walk around in a daze from
the first week of school on. Sometimes the
nebulous condition of the newcomer's men-
tal processes endures . . . often for four
I don't imagine many students miss the
Saturday football games. College life (movie
style) wouldnt be the same without the grid
classics. And I suppose a good part of the
campus, new and old, manages to attend at
least one of the dances during the year.
But Michigan offers a varied and val-
uable program in all fields. School needn't
be just four or five hours of classes a day
and a Thank God It's Friday Club at a
local beer dispensary.
It's really unfortunate to see how many
students are jusththat-students.tMany of
the courses-I should say most of the
courses-do not go far enough in their pre-
paration for a full life in later years.
Varied interests are indicative of an in-
telligent person. And the opportunities for
individuals to develop a muittude of inter-
ests are at Michigan practically for the ask-
Developing social relations means more
thoir a trip to the Arb some warm evening
and more than a couple of pitchers of the
foamy brew on a colder evening.
To mention a few, there are the excel-
lent dramatic productions staged by the
Speech Department throughout the year.
This past summer, the department pro-
duced five plays and one opera -- all
smash hits. The acting was comparable;
to that of the finest on Broadway. The
settings were magnificient.
Two weeks after I witnessed the spectacu-
lar La Baheme, staged by the Departments
of Speech and Music, I saw the same opera
in New York. While the New York company
were more experienced in singing, the Mich-
igan production, looking at the overall pic-
ture, was far more professional and far more
Then there are the movies sponsored by
the Art Cinema League. The ACL offers
the best of cinematic productions, past and
present. There is the Glee Club, conducted
by the incomparable Prof. Philip Duey, with
its magnificent spring concert at the newly-
renovated Hill Auditorium. Unfortunately,
the club only presents one concert a year,
50 YEARS AGO TODAY
The Michigan Daily, already a well estab-
lished college paper, was distributed free to
students during the first week of the semes-
25 YEARS AGO TODAY
but at that, it is one of the finest presenta-
tions of the year.
Of course, there are the con e:r sr :
and the drama festival, which .
best possible relaxation in an
I can't forget the Union Opera. Last yea,
the opera, 'Froggy Bottom," was held t r
the first time since the war. This y it
should be bigger and better than ever.
And of course, there are the many nd
varied clubs on campus which spe inae i
one field or another. All are enlightening
and aid in transferring college life into th
richest four years of one's existence.
Your best bet is to follow the Daily Offi-
cial Bulletin. All is contained therein. Don'
be one of those unfort unate people o
work for four years, get their d?:,gr. r
then leave, never realizing that they havs'L
taken advantage of the finest opportunitis
available for living a full life.
- B. S. .rown
TWO OF THE most common truilms no
are "We live in an age of tranitlin'
and "Of course, it's all relative." Any dis-
cussion of current history or values is ik'iy
to sound these notes; they are a threadba:re
theme running through bull sesssions every-
Both these observations seem utterly
and boringly true, and of course they pro-
vide a refuge for the faker and the in-
But cliches and truisms are not only
havens from thought, they are sign-posts to
the ideas on which most people a-ree. You
can learn much more about intellectual
trends and conditions by examining the tru-
isms they produce than by studying the most
The relative and transitional quality of
eevrything as it appears today indicates the
insecurity of people and the importance of
Few people dare to be sure of what they
believe, and those few are proba y fana-
tics beyond the reach of reason. And most
of us stand ready to give up our old iiia
for the new ones constantly being e-
veloped by scientists.
There is hope in these truisms, becau',e
things that are relative can still be better
or worse and change may bring improve-
ment; but there will be more hope when the
fact that everything is relative and transi-
tional stops being a truism and becomes ma-
terial for textbooks.
'T i ni n' "HUGE SEAS of talk of every sort and
Edited and managed by students of,
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff ... .........Managing "Editor
Al Blumrosen........ City Editor
Philip Dawson...Editorial Director
Mary Stein............Associate Editor
Jo Misner...........Associate Editor
George Walker.......Associate Editor
Alex Lmanian ...Photography Editor
Pres Holmes ......... Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goel7....Associate Sports Editor
Miriam Cady .......... Women's Editor
Lee Kaltenbach.. Associate Women's Ed.
Bess Hayes Young..........Librarian
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Jim Dangl......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff ....... Finance Manager
Ralph Ziegler......Circulation Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann
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The cleaning woma
Maybe she was ca
3n has a sister in Canada-
lled up there suddenly. . .
bly. We'll hear
home and we can
n peace and-
i k - J
This is the Airy Dale Kennels, Mr. Baxter.
Someone broke in last night and let out
all the dogs. And eleven cats. We've
recovered some. But your dog, Gorgon is--
f, f, Oh-
Barnaby, the happy family home-coming
is complete. I flev out last night and
got your dog for you. . Lucky boy --
Gorgon! Gosh, thank
you, Mr. O'Malley-
arnaby, your Fairy Godfather did not
bring Gorgon home. Why must you attribute
everything to a creature who exists only
in yourimragnainnt-? When the real, true
Some heedless prankster-Or perhaps
someone with a grudge against the
doctor-Broke into the kennels and
let the dogs out. And Gorgon simply
You know Mr. O'Malley came
to the kennels and let you out.
,_*.j f IHe buys the dog )