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December 10, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1949-12-10

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FREEDOM SHORTAGE
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Latest Deadline in the State

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CLOUDY, LIGHT SNOW

VOL. LX, No. 65 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1949

PRICE FIVE CkNTS

Atom Bomb
Speech Stirs
Speculation
Weapons Hidden
In Caves-Mitchell
WASHIGTON--(P)-A casual,
reimark by a former Pentagon oiii-
cial set off new speculation yester-
day on where America's atomic
bombs are hidden.
It started with publication of a
speechby Curtiss Mitchell, who
left the Pentagon several week
ago after serving as the Defense
Department's deputy director of
public information.
THE MEXICO, MO., Ledger
quoted Mitchell as saying that in
event of war with Russia, the first
attacks on the United States would
probably be directed against "the
caves in the Southwest where our
atom bombs are stored."
Yesterday newsmen asked
William Frye, director of Pub-
lic Information, whether Mitch-
ell's remarks about the South-
west caves should be given
weight in the light of his former
official position.
"The question of storage of at-
omic bombs is one upon which the
Department of Defense cannot
comment," Frye replied.
11 HAVE no knowledge of the
basis of Mitchell's remarks, but I
can say that at no time during his
service in the department did he
have access to atomic energy in-
formation."
Last Wednesday, Admiral
Forrest P. Sherman, chief of
naval operations, was asked at a
National Press Club luncheon
if he knew how many A-bombs
the United States has and where
they are located.
The admiral replied that "Yes,"
he did know how many. But as to
where they are hidden, he said,
"I'm sorry, I can't tell you."
Staff aides of the House Un-
American Activities Committee
said they believe they may now
question Boris Pregel, head of
the Canadian Radium and Ur-
anium Corp., which was re-
ported to be instrumental in
getting the Russians 1,000
pounds of Uranium compounds
back in 1943.
At the same time General Leslie
R. Groves, retired, wartime head
of the Atom Bomb Project, said in
New York that for the first time in
history the United States is threat-
ened with the possibility of "com-
plete annihilation.
Groves made only passing ref-
erence to the Congressional inves-
tigation of reports that top secret
information leaked to Russia dur-
ing the war. He reported to the
Committee earlier this week.
'Statism' Label
Not Justified
ClaimsHaber
Increases in public outlays for
social welfare do not justify
charges that the United States is
heading towards "statism and the
welfare state," according to Prof.
William Haber, of the economics

department.
Speaking before the 35th annual
Michigan Social Welfare Confer-
ence yesterday in Detroit, Prof.
Haber pointed out that "Our gov-
ernment and such welfare activi-
ties in which we are engaged are
r grounded in our Constitution and
the traditions of America.
"THE AMERICAN conception is
to do for the people what they
cannot do for themselves or cannot
do so well for themselves," he said.
Pointing out 'that there may
be "serious differences of opin-
ion" as to how much we can af-
ford to spend for the extension
of public social security, Prof.
Haber said, "Higher taxes may
adversely effect the rate of in-
vestment and may'decrease the
incentive to produce.
"But there is no justification for
concluding that such developments
threaten a radical change in the
nature of our government," he as-
serted.
* * *

Thomas Begins
Prison:Sentence

Under

roclaims

Jerusalem

International

WASHINGTON = () - Prison
gates closed behind Rep. J. Par-
nell Thomas (R-N.J.) last night
3s he began to serve his six to 18
mlonths sentence for cheating the
overnhent by padding his Con-
gressional pay-roll.
The New Jersey legislator en-
ered the Federal Correctional In-
;titution at Danbury, Conn., after
i train and automobile trip from
Nashington. He was/ sentenced
were this forenoon.
THOMAS' last word to news-
Speech Use
Discussed by
Hayakaa
The western and near eastern
:ivilizations are overskilled in
echniques of refutation, according
o Dr. S. I. Hayakawa speaking be-
ore an overflow audience last
;ight at Lane Hall.
Discussing "New Foundations
or Semantics" Dr. Hayakawa,
vho is one of the world's out-
standing semanticists, declared
hat techniques of agreement are
ither unknown or distrusted in
)ur present societies.
"INSTEAD, MOST of us rely on
aggressive methods of persuasion
And argumentation. Such transi-
tive verbs as 'convince', 'persuade'
and 're-educate' are indicative of
our present methods of agree-
ment."
Dr. Hayakawa discussed three
methods of improving our "piti-
fully inadequate techniques of
communication."
He examined, first of all, the
non-directive counselling tech-
aique of Dr. Carl Rodgers. This
technique involves "sympathtic
istening" on the part of the coun-
;ellor, rather than instruction. he
atient is able to reveal completely
.s own attitudes not only to the
=ounsellor but to himself as well.
THIS METHOD, according to
Dr. Hayakawa, is now being ap-
olied to teaching, under the theory
,hat the active part of 'a classroom
ituation is the learning process,
iot the actual instruction.
Dr. Hayakawa also described
the group dynamics program at
the University and the research
being done in the importance of
group membership, multiple
group mmbership and channels
of communication within the
group.
"It is being proven," he said,
'that the most effective type of
eader is the one who does the least
eading. This type of non-directive
eadership is a skill which is be-
ng taught to shop foremen and
administrative officials alike."
Finally, Dr. Hayakawa pointed
out that most of our domestic, in-
dustrial and international differ-
ences are due to a lack of scien-
tific habits in our communication.
Happy Holidays!
Not to be outdone by Santa
Claus, the University will have
its own gift to bring 'cheer to
student vacationers.
Tomorrow The Daily will
publish the schedule for the
final examinations of the fall
semester.

men before donning prison garb
centered on his wife's announce-
ment earlier that she would seek
his seat in Congress.
Asked what he thought of his
wife's chances, Thomas told re-
porters:
"I think she'ii win."
Even as Thomas was led away
from the federal courtroom this
morning, Mrs. Thomas announc-
ed her candidacy and said she
would carry on the "struggle
against subversive inuences" which
he conducted as chairman of
the House Un-American Activities
Committee during the Republican-
controlled 80th Congress.
"AS HIS WIFE," she said, "I can
do no less."

4

In addition to his
tence, Thomas was
pay a $10,000 fine.

prison sen-
ordered to

Thomas announced he will re-
sign his House seat, but will re-
main a Congressman for the first
three and a half weeks he is in
prison. This will entitle him to
draw upwards of $1,000 more pay.
THE SENTENCING of the bald
54-year-old lawmaker, who had
padded the government payroll
with non-working employes and
then collected more than $8,000
for himself, was brief and to the
point.
Thomas, with his round, red
face, stood almost inconspicuously
beside his large lawyer, William
H. Collins.
Collins talked only a minute,
saying that Thomas "is broken in
body and in spirit."
Collins asked for probation on
the grounds that his client already
has suffered enough.
World INews
Roundup
By The Associated Press
KEY WEST, Fla. - President
Truman got the ammunition yes-
terday for an election year battle'
with the Congressional "economy
bloc" in the form of a budget call-
ing for higher taxes or a fresh sup-
ply of government "red ink."
TAIPEH, Formosa - Chiang
Kai-Shek stayed behind on the
mainland yesterday organizing
guerrilla warfare while the Na-
tionalist government and cabi-
net began functioning in this
new capital on the island bastion
off China's southeast coast.
SYDNEY, Australia-A steady
stream of Australians voted today
in the first general election since
1946 and one which offered a
choice between continued socialism
and free enterprise. Everybody
agreed the outcome would be close.
DETROIT-AFL spokesmen for
Detroit's street car and bus opera-
tors threatened tonight that a
strike would shut down the city's
public transportation early Mon-
day unless a pay dispute is set-!
tled.
* - *
WASHINGTON-New Republi-
can Senator Harry Darby, of Kan-
sas said yesterday he would "not'
be a bit surprised" if Gen. Dwight
D. Eisenhower should be a can-
didate for the presidency in 1942.'

Titoist Court
Sentences 10
Red Agents
Sofia Reds Make
Counter Charges
By The Associated Press
A Yugoslav court in Sarajevo
sentenced 10 White Russians to
prison yesterday on charges of
spying and aiding Hitler and in
Sofia. Bulgaria. arraignments of
the last of the 11 defendants in
the Titoist treason trial were com-
pleted.
* * *
MEANWHILE in Berlin Soviet
Russia used the German Commu-
nists yesterday to lash Premier
Tito anew by expeng members of
his Yugoslav military mission from
their homes in the Soviet sector of
the city after an all night police
blockade.
The Yugoslav court sentenced
the White Russians to imprison-
ment at hard labor on charges
of aiding Nazi Germany during
World War II and spying since
then against Tito for Russia.
The terms ranged from three to
20 years.
All except a gray-bearded Rus-'
sian Orthodox priest testified they
were guilty.
The defendants were a group of
displaced persons of the 1917 Rus-
sian Revolution who had sought
asylum under Yugoslavia's mon-
archy before World War II.
* * *
THE ARRAIGNMENT in Sofia1
of the last of 11 defendants in the;
Titoist treason trial ended with a
rush of pleas of guilty from men
accused of spying for Yugoslavia.
Treason, treachery, espionage
and sabotage-punishable by
death by hanging-were the
charges lodged against most of
the group of political and busi-
ness figures. The No. 1 defendant
is Traicho Kostov, former Com-
munist deputy premier.
A former counsellor of the Yugo-
slav embassy in Sofia, Blagoi Had-
jipanzov, testified Yugoslav intel-
ligence activity began in Bulgaria
immediately after World War II.
Ivan Gevrenov, wealthy Bulga-
rian land owner and rubber spe-
cialist, told the seven-man trib-
unal he recruited former indus-
trialists for an Anti-Russian sa-
botage campaign that cost Bul-
garia's economy more than $45,-
000,000.
Bankers Told
To Moderate
UnionPolicy
, .
Bankers were warned not to fol-
low industry's error of condemn-
ing and villifying unions, by Prof.
Clayton Hill of the business ad-
ministration school yesterday.
Prof. Hill spoke at the closing
dinner of the eleventh annual
Michigan bank study conference.
1A FIGHT against "white collar"
unions would only lead to "belig-
erency that would take years to
overcome," he said.
He stressed the need for
studying "why workers act the
way they do" instead of "jump-
ing on them" when they do
something the managers do not
like.
- L e k t
HE TL the bnkest get

over their dislike of workers' com-
plaints and realize "that griev-
ances are an opportunity to find
out the source of dissatisfaction."
Provost James P. Adams,
speaking before the conference
Thursday night, attacked the in-
clination of Americans to turn
to the government for security.
"One of the tendencies which
must concern us in our democracy
in these days is a growing inclina-
tion to turn to the federal gov-
ernment for assistance of various
kinds" Adnms said.

GAS LINE BLOWOUT--A .towering mass of flame lights the scene at Panhandle Eastern Pipeline's
compressor plant at Centralia, Mo., after a natural gas line blew out and caught fire Thursday.
Flow of natural gas was interrupted to cities in Illinois, Indiana and Michigan. Nine workmen in
,the plant escaped injury in the blast and fire, which caused damage estimated near $100,000.

IN WASHINGTON:

Schools Ban Soviet Bulletin

Washington school authorities
have barred from high school li-
braries the Soviet Embassy's In-
formation Bulletin, calling it a
"propaganda magazine" and a
"clever job of writing and pre-
sentation."
The banning of the publication,
a magazine on life and views in
Russia, was the latest in a series
of such moves by authorities in

various cities, according to the
Associated Press report.

J

VALENTINE A. Sorokin. second
secretary of the Embassy, asked if
school superintendents were a
"kind of judge" of what litera-
ture the American people should
read.
Commenting on the move,
George A. Peek, of the Univer-

Ensian's Headless Rider
Greets Students on Diag

Flashing hoofs, a cloud of snow
and a hearty "Hi Ho 'Ensian"
greeted students on the diagonal
at 11:45 a.m. yesterday.
As the startled pedestrians re-
Name Housing
For Yuletide
Although the University will
take on the appearance of a gi-
gantic ghost , town during the
Christmas holidays, a small corps
of students will spend the Yule-
tide season here in Ann Arbor.
Women students living in Uni-
versity residence halls will be
housed in Helen Newberry, where
Mrs. Beatrice Bosworth, of Hen-
derson House, will serve as resi=
dent director.
* * *
LAST YEAR more than 30 wom-
en spent the Christmas vacation
at Newberry, where an extensive
holiday program is annually
planned.
Men living in residence halls
will all be assigned rooms in
Prescott House in the East Quad.
Both men and women students
should notify their own resident
advisors by Monday, of their de-
sire for residence hall accommo-
dations during the vacation.
Women living outside University
residence halls should apply at the
Dean of Women's Office to reserve
space at the League.

gained their wits H. H. Megrod,
the Headless Horseman, Michigan
Ensian Ghost Rider of the Diag-
onal, galloped across campus and
pulled up in front of the library.
* * "-
Behind him came a small mob
of singing, bugling 'Ensian staff
members, bent on selling their
wares, bedecked with posters and
other propaganda.
As a crowd gathered around
the horse and headless rider,
many people claimed that the
rider was a fraud, indicating
that they could see a pair of
eyes between the folds of his
bulging trench coat.
Others asserted that the 'En-
sian was using mirrors to hide the
horseman's head.
THE 'ENSIANITES', however,
pooh-poohed all such charges,
stating that "this is the McCoy."
Meanwhile, the horse, which
answered to the name of Bon-
nie and wore the brand of a lo-
cal riding stable, had shied away
from the hub-hub and cantered
off toward Waterman Gym.
After Bonnie had been retrieved,
with the horseman still astride but
visibly shaken, the proceedings
continued without a hitch.
*, * *
AT 1 P.M. Megrod suddenly
wheeled and departed as swiftly
as he had come.
"Sleepy Hollow calls him back,"
said an 'Ensian staffer, "but Me-
grod may ride again."

sity political science department,
called it "regrettable."
Prof. Harold M. Dorr, also of
the political science department,
said he would "like to feel that we
can stand up to propaganda," and
that "there is danger that such
censorship may interfere with aca-
demic freedom."
MEANWHILE in Sunfield, Mich.,
the school board has been called
to reconsider the firing of the
Rev. Albert W. Kauffman as school
superintendent. Kauffman had
been discharged as a result of a
letter he sent to the magazine
"Soviet Russia Today," criticizing
"foolish patriotic organizations, le-
gionnaires and the Vatican" as
obstacles to peace.
Prof. Dorr commented that "the
American Legion should take the
responsibility of holding a public
hearing and allowing Kauffman
to speak for himself."
Peek said, "I hope the school
board will decide to retain him."
Sing 'Messiah'
At HillToday
The University Choral Union
will present the 36th annual tra-
ditional Yuletide performance of
Handel's "Messiah" at 8:30 p.m.
today in Hill Auditorium.
The performance will be repeat-
ed at 2:30 p.m. tomorrow.
LEADING the Special Univer-
sity Symphony Orchestra will be
Lester McCoy, associate conductor
of the University Musical Society.
In addition to the Choral Union
and the Symphony, McCoy will
have four well-known voice solo-
ists under his direction.
Chloe Owen and Ann Kaskas
will sing the soprano and con-
tralto parts, respectively, and
David Lloyd and Oscar Natzka
will perform the tenor and basso
mroles. 14
A few remaining tickets for to-
night's performance and standing
room tickets for tomorrow may be
purchased before the concerts at
the Hill Auditorium Box Office.

Rule
Russia Votes k
For Decision,
Defeats U.S.
Israel, Jorlan
Oppose Action
NEW YORK--MP)-The Assem-
bly voted decisively last night to
put Jerusalem under supreme in-
ternational rule of the United Na
tions.
Israel and Hashemite Jordan,
with armed forces actually in pos-
session of the city in separate sec-
tors, both opposed the plan and
said they would fight against it.
THE VOTE on the whole reso-
lution was 38 to 14, with 7 absten-
tions. This was well above the
two-thirds margin required for ap-
proval. Loud cheers greeted the
vote at 8:15 p.m.
The United States and Britain
took a beating by this vote. Both
pointed out to the Assembly the
UN has no police force to carry
out the decision and that it
might eventually cost far more.
than the $40,000,000 annually re-
quired to run the UN itself.
A Swedish-Netherlands resolu-
tion for progressive demilitariza-
tion of Jerusalem and internation-
alization of only the holy places
was not acted on.
* * *
THE ASSEMBLY adjourned at
8:17 p.m. until today. It still must
approve the annual UN budget
before final adjournment, expected
some time this afternoon.
The vote on the section relat-
ing to internationalization was
39 to 14, with 6 abstentions. It
was greeted with cheers from
the majority side, including Rus-
sia.
Earlier the Assembly had beaten
down a surprise move by Uruguay
and Denmark to abandon consid-
eration of the Jerusalem question
at this Assembly-scheduled to ad-
journ today-and to have a spe-
cial session on Jerusalem some
time next year.
The Soviet Union was on the
winning side of a vote for one of
the rare times in the UN history.
But UN observers pointed out that
this did not mean a Soviet victory
over the West in a head-on col-
lision.
After the vote, Moshe Sharett,
Israeli foreign minister, issued this
statement:
"This is a dark day for the
United Nations. It has fallen vic-
tim to incredible light-mindedness.
It has no way of implementing its
decision.
In the closing debate, Sharett,
gave the Assembly a report quot-
ing King Abdullah, of Hashemite
Jordan, as saying Jerusalem would
be internationaliped only over the
king's dead body.
IFC Note Hits
CED Motion
Membership Clause
Causes Dissension
Inter-Fraternity Council has
threatened to withdraw from the

Committee to End Discrimination,
it w learned at the CED meeting
IFC, in a letter to CED, an-
nounced it would withdraw if a
proposed constitutional amend-
ment limiting membership in CED
to organizations which do not con-
tain discriminatory clauses in their
constitutions were to pass.
* * *
THE LETTER said, "If the CED
is to remain effective, if it has the
smallest hope of achieving cam-
pus support; it must remain broad
in membership and representa-
tive in character.
"The IFC will consider with-
out doubt the passage of this
motion as against the best in-
terests of the fraternities, the
CED and the fight for tolera-

DORM REVOLUTION:

West Quadders Set Up
Faculty Associate Plan

A veritable revolution in dormi-
tory life is taking place within the
West Quadrangle.
Bucking a tendency in Ameri-
can state universities to isolate
residence halls from the curricular
life of the campus, West Quad
residents have set up a long range
program designed to make educa-
tion and "intellectual stimulation"
an integral Quad function.
* * *
THE PROGRAM hinges upon
close informal relations with

faculty members serve as honor-
ary members of individual Quad
units, so that they become closely
associated with the residents.
BUT ROUMELL stressed that
many other faculty members are
invited to the Quad along with the
See DAILY PHOTO FEATURE
associates to meet studetns on an
informal basis.
Especially popular with Quad
men ae nuestinn-answe r eview

SUPPLY-DEMAND PROBLEM:
UnionAsks Mre idesLess Rier
R En 88O CE8 SSEB

A problem which might have
come straight from an old Econ-
omics 51 syllabus faces Don
Boerma, '50E, and Bernie Jennett,
'52E, managers of 'the Union's
Christmas travel bureau.
The problem is one of supply
and demand-a short supply of
neonle driving home for Christ-

just beneath the map of that
section. Drivers follow the same
procedure.
Each evening, the cards are col-
lected, and as many riders as pos-
sible are assigned to drivers.
RIGHT NOW, about 550 stu-

MICHIGAN RESIDENTS can
be slightly more optimistic. Nine
intrastate drivers have volunteered
their services, with only 75 seeking
rides to Wolverine state destina-
tions.
Those drivers and riders who
turned in cards through yester-

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