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December 07, 1949 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1949-12-07

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See Page 4




-=--- .

Latest Deadline in the State
I ,


Small Group
Signs New
Coal Contract
r. Lewis Cla ims
'Sweeping' Pact
WASHINGTON- (A)--A small
fragment of the soft coal indus-
try has signed a new agreement
granting 'sweeping concessions to
John L. Lewis, it was announced
last night.
The contract, announced by
Lewis 'himself, covers a number of
unidentified mines, mostly in Ken-
tucky, said to account for some 2%
million of the 450 million tons pro-
duced annually by mines with
which Lewis has had contracts in
the past.
THERE WERE reports that
some other "little fellows" among
the operators were ready to sign
on the dotted line, but no indica-
tion that the industry as a whole
would do so, at least immediately.
The contract calls for:
1. A wage increase of 95 cents a
day, bringing the basic wage to $15
a day.
2. A 15 cents a ton increase in
the royalty for miners' pensions
and other welfare payments.
This boosts the royalty to 35
cents a ton.
3. A longer-than-usual con-
tract, extending from Jan. 1,
1950 to Sept. 1, 1951.
The mine operators represented
in the contract agreed upon yes-
terday represent only about one
half of one per cent of the coal
produced by all U.M.W. mines, and
are therefore only a lump in a
AT NEW YORK, hard coal op-
erators began wage contract ne-
gotiations with U.M.W. represen-
tatives. They asked that the five-
day week be restored in the an-
thracite field which, like bitumi-
nous, is now on a three-day week
ordered by Lewis. There was no
immediate word of what the Un-
ion might do about the request.
The companies with which Lewis
announced an agreement will go
on a five-day vweek while the re-
mainder of the soft coal industry
will remain on three days, Lewis
'Winter Is
Icummen In'
Snow, of the best snowball var-
lety turned to ice last night mak-
ing highways and roads danger-
ously slippery, according to Wil-
low Run weather authorities.
Today's forecast predicts more
light snow and a freezing tempera-
ture high of 30 degrees,
Fans leaving Yost Field House
last night following the basket-
ball game between Michigan and
Miami University were greeted by
a barrage of snowballs from over-
enthusiastic winter sports lovers.
The snowballing continued all
the way up State Street to campus.
Originally started by boys of high
* school age, the heaving of white
missiles was taken up by many
college men and even by some fur-
coated coeds.

Faculty Member
Gets AIFC Posilion
Prof. Brown To Head Engineering
Division; Will Work Under Hafsted
Prof. George G. Brown, chairman of the chemical and metallurgi-
cal engineering dept., has been named Director of the United States
Atomic Energy Commission's Divisicn of Engineering, it was an-
nounced yesterday.,
As director of Engineering, Prof. Brown will be responsible for the
chemical engineering phases of the Commission's "reactor" develop-
ment program and will work under the general supervision of Law-
rence R. Hafsted, director of the program.
* * * *
PROF. BROWN will begin his duties on a part-time basis imme-
diately but will join the commission on a full time basis in the spring.
While working with the commis-9 * * *










-___-_ n

sion he will be on leave from the
Hafsted explained that the
appointment of a chemical engi-
neer to the post of director of
Engineering was prompted by
the importance of solving chem-
ical problems necessary to the
successful utilization of nuclear
Speaking before the Atomic En-
ergy Symposium of the conven-
tion, Dr. Hafsted outlined some of
the problems which will concern
Prof. Brown and his staff.
"The supply of high grade Ura-
nium ore, the basic fuel for reac-
tors is definitely limited.
"Hence one of the first concerns
of the Engineering Division of the
Commission will be the utilization
of the relatively large amount of
non-fissionable Uranium with a
'breeder' type of reactor," he said.
* * *
"UNLESS THE breEliing of new
fuel, becomes successful, the prob-
ability of civilian use of atomic
power is very dim," he declared.
Prof. Brown will be in charge
of an experimental testing sta-
tion in Idaho where experiments
to produce more fissionable ma-
terial will be conducted.
Another project to be conducted
by the division of engineering will
be the building of a power reac-
tor at West Milton, N.Y., designed.
to produce significant amounts of
electric power.
* * *
BUT HAFSTED- explained that
even if the project is completely
successful, cheap electric power
from atomic sources is not as-
"The money paid by the con-
sumer for electricity goes large-
ly to cover the costs of distribu-
tion. Relatively, the cost of coal
or other fuel is small.
Since atomic energy promises
urther reduction in fuel costs only
it is clear that even its successful
use could bring little, if any reduc-
tion of the cost of electric power,"
Hafsted declared.
*' * *
OTHER PROJECTS to be under
Prof. Brown's supervision include
the development of processes for
the recovery of uranium from de-
pleted nuclear fuels.
Commenting on Prof. Brown's
appointment, Dean Ivan Crawford,
of the engineering college declared
that his absence from the Univer-
sity would be very keenly felt.

Courtesy-The Ann Arbor News
Gets Atomic Energy post ...
'U' Will Aid
Vets Hit
By VARile
The University's Veteran's Ser-
vice Bureau stands ready to aid
any student veteran affected by
the Veterans Administration "vo-
cational objective" ruling, R. A.
Correll, bureau director, said yes-
VA recently said that any G. I.
Bill students who wish tochange
their "vocation objective" must
now obtain permission of VA be-
fore doing so.
*W * *
CORRELL interprets this to
mean that only major changes,
such as one from Medical School
to Law School come under the
He invited all affected stu-
dents, or those who feel that
they might be, to come to the
Veteran's Service Bureau, 555
General Administration Build-
ing, and get the necessary form
as well as help in filling it out.
Correll advised any veterans in-
terested in such aid to come to
the office "as soon as possible so
that proper action may be started
well in advance of the beginning
of the second semester."
Round- Up
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON--The American
Medical Association was told yt;-
terday that its opponents in its
fight against "socialized medicine"
have given ground-but that the
decisive battle remains to be
fought in 1950. Dr. Elmer L. Hen-
derson of Louisville, Ky., presi-
dent-elect of the world's largest
organization of doctors, said "hun-
dreds" of non-medical groups have
rallied to the AMA's banner in its
struggle against President Tru-
man's proposal for federalized
compulsory sickness insurance.
General McGrath announced
yesterday that Federal agents
have seized operators of an elu-
sive Havana-to-Miami air shut-
tle to allegedly smuggled aliens
into this country at $500 to $800
a head. Several of the aliens ap-
parently came from behind ttie
Soviet iron curtain, the an-
nouicement said.
* * *
anniversary of the day which
President Roosevelt said would
"live in infamy" will be ob-
served today. The date was Dec.

China Capital
In RedDrive
Troops Reported
Within 75 Miles
By The Associated Press
CHENGTU-The Chinese Reds
early today stabbed deeper in
their drive on this Nationalist cap-
Some reports placed them with-
in 75 miles.
Trustworthy reports said they
captured the famed Tzuliuching
salt fields, one of the main sourc-
es of revenue in Szechwan Pro-
vince. Tzuliuching is near Nei-
kiang, 90 miles southeast of
* * *
3u Tsung-Nan, Chengtu defender,
had extricated the bulk of his
army-the best equipped in the
Nationalist camp-from a poten-
tial death trap north of fallen
Press reports to Hong Kong
said provincial army units muti-
nied at Yuki, 30 miles south of
Kunming, the capital.
The size of the mutiny was not
given. It reflects, however, re-
ports of wavering and restlessness
in Yunnan as the Communists at-
* * *
THERE ALSO was discontent
on Formosa, the Nationalist island
off the southeast coast. An Asso-
ciated Press dispatch from For-
mosa said Formosans do not like
the prospect of soon playing host
to the Nationalist Government.
Meanwhile in Tokyo, official
word from Tientsin early today
said U.S. Consul General Angus
Ward and his party are sched-
uledto sail from China next
Ward and his party of 27 pre-
sumably left Mukden today by
train for Tientsin, he said.
They were ordered expelled by
the Chinese Communists, who
convicted Ward and four others
of mistreating a consulate mes-
Phoenix Talki
To BeGiven
The process through which plant
animal life remains can be dated
by use of radioactive material will
be described by one of itsco-dis-
coverers at 4 p.m. today in Kellogg
Auditorium at a Michigan Me-
morial-Phoenix Project lecture.
The speaker will be James R.
Arnold of the Institute of Nuclear
Studies at the University of Chi-
With W. F. Libby of the same
institute, Arnold designed and
built the special Geiger counters
used in the project. He will speak
on "Age Determination by Radio-
carbon Content." The lecture is
open to the public.
Research in the process is being
conducted at the University under
Phoenix Project sponsorship. The
research particularly concerns
dating remains found in the state.
By measuring the strength of
radioactive carbon existing in any
specimen, scientists can determine
within a narrow range the age at
which it ceased to live, even if it
died as long as 25,000 years ago.


are more

than 40,000,000 to 1,
to medical authori-

Fire Threat
At University
Called 'Slight'
Stone buildings, fireproof walls
and preventative measures have
reduced the possibility of major
fires in University buildings to a
bare minimum, according to Ben
Zahn, Ann Arbor Fire Chief.
Wooden structures such as the
Temporary Classroom Building, in
addition to Romance Language
and 'U' Hall are about the only
places on campus that a really se-
rious fire could occur, he said.
* * *
THE CHIEF pointed out, how-
ever, that these buildings are fully
inspected and equipped for safety.
Zahn, who has been with the
"Ann Arbor Fire Department for
34 years, noted that in spite of
fireproofing, small fires do fre-
quently happen.
"Every one of them is due to
carelessness," he said. The cigar-
ette that the student fails to put
out before discarding it, or smokes
in bed remains our biggest head-
* * *
CHIEF ZAHN expressed the
opinion that the fire in the wooden
dormitory at Oklahoma Univer-
sity, was caused by smoking in
bed. "It happens every day here.
but the fires don't spread and usu-
ally aren't reported."
Half the fire alarms in Ann
Arbor come from University
buildings and residences, Zahn
'Ihe rooming house area right
around campus does have us a
little worried," he said. "A lot of
people are crowded into thlase
wooden buildings, as well as in
fraternity and sorority houses."
SMALL FIRES could easily
spread there, and enough of them
do start, Zahn remarked.
"The biggest Ann Arbor fire
this year was in a brick rooming
house on Washtenaw. Some one
flicked a lighted cigarette into a
wastebasket, and the damages
were $25,000," he said.
Cigarettes are loaded with salt-
peter to keep them burning. They
don't go out until crushed, Zahn
He pointed out that biannual
building inspections are carefully
But 90 per cent of fires are
caused by human carelessness. The
fire department can inspect wiring
rash and exits, but only the people
can prevent fire, Zahn declared.

-Daily-Alex Lmanian
PRESIDENT GETS MEDAL-President Alexander G. Ruthven
accepts a medal commemorating his 20 years as head of the
University from Alvise Barison, Grad. Barison, native of Trieste,
presented the award on behalf of the mayor of his home town.
'U'A uthoritties Divided
OveOr Segregation Ban
Campus sociologists and political scientists are divided on the gov-
ernment's new policy banning future aid to segregated housing proj-
ects, a Daily survey discovered yesterday.
Calling it "a sensible rule," Prof. Arthur E. Wood of the sociology
department thought an absence of restrictive covenants "may hold up
housing in the South-that's the only real drawback."
"SOUTHERN HOUSING officials, on this basis, may not apply for
Federal aid," he explained.
Prof. Theodore M. Newcombe, 0-

More Quints
By The Associated Press
Quintuplet sons, Fermin, Ra-
miro, Rodrigo, Nabor and Fran-
cisco, were born to Maria Ar-
royave last week in Angostura,
The father, 37 years old, and
the mother, 26 years old, al-
ready have a family of seven.
Of the 46 cases of quintuplet
births recorded by the Encyclo-
pedia Britannica in 1946, the
Arroyave babies are only the
third entire set to survive.
Odds against quintuple births

Jordan Tells
Of Uranium
Wallace Seeks
Action by House
NEW YORK-OP)-A former Air
Force expediter of lease-lend
shipments to Russia said yester-
day the Soviets got top secret
American radar equipment as
well as atomic materials during
the war.
George Racey Jordan, one-time
Air Force Major said the Russians
used a ruse to get a radar-equip-
ped plane out of the country after
lie had balked them on four other
MEANWHILE, former Vice Pres-
ident Henry A. Wallace demanded
a showdown before the House Un-
American Activities Committee on
radio reports that he helped along
shipments of uranium to Russia
in 1943.
Radio commentator Fulton
Lewis, Jr. brought Wallace's
name into his broadcasts after
Jordan made his charges public
through Lewis.
Jordan said Harry Hopkins, war-
time presidential adviser to Presi-
dent Roosevelt, helped ease the
uranium out of the U.S. for the
Russians. Lewis added that Wal-
lace also took a hand in expediting
the shipments.
WALLACE called Lewis' charg-
es "sheer fabrication" and "part
of his unremitting effort to tar-
nish the name of Franklin D.
In another broadcast last
night Lewis said that no one but
Wallace had brought Roosevelt's
name into the discussion and
that Wallace had done so "to
use it as a shield for himself."
Wallace promptly wired Chair-
man Wood (D-Ga.) of the Un-
American Activities Committee:
"In view of the continuous char-
acter assassination put out over
the Mutual Broadcasting System
Network and through the press
by thehNew York World Telegram
and the United Press, based on
statements by former members of
your committee-former Congress-
men McDowell and Vail-I must
request that I meet them and
their unnamed government in-
formants face to face before your
* * *
"LET THE SESSION be open,"
Wallace added. "I would also sug-
gest that you call Milo Perkins
and any other former members of
the Board of Economic Warfare
whom you and Perkins think
should come."
Wallace is former chairman of
the Board of Economic Welfare.
Jordan, who has stoked the fires
of a new Congressional probe in-
to vital military materials alleg-
edly sent to Russia in the war,
held a news conference at his bus-
iness office here to discuss his
role further.
THE RADAR apparatus was the
only item he added to his previous
list of secret material which he
has charged went to the Soviet
However, he said the equipment
was so important that Gen. H. H.
Arnold, war-time head of the
Army Air Force, "would just as
soon have given away his right
arm as the radar."
Jordan refused to add anything
to his statements of last Friday

and Monday about uranium and
other materials used in making
atom bombs which he said went
to Russia through the Great Falls,
Mont., Air Base. Jordan was an
expediter at the base.
Labor Mediator
Will Speak Today
Major Charles T. Estes, special
assistant to Cyrus S. Ching, direc-
tor of the Federal Mediation and

also of the sociology department,
however, was firmly opposed to
segregated housing on the
grounds it "violates the spirit,
if not the letter, of our demo-
cratic system."
"I believe most Americans will
agree with me that this spirit
should be expressed in administra-
tive rulings as well as in pious ut-
terances," he said.
* * *
AND HE looked forward to the
day when "one of the days in
which children learn to be prej-
udiced-namely, by observing seg--
regation-will be a thing of the
The government's ruling is
"an implementation of the Su-
preme Court decision that re-
strictive covenants are not legal-
ly enforceable," according to
Prof. Morgan Thomas of the po-
litical science department.
Declining to predict the effects
of the new restriction, Prof. Thom-
as noted that because of its non-
retroactive nature, a man buying
a property deed will not find a dis-
criminatory clause in it.
"THE PRESENCE of such a
clause, in connection with govern-
ment grants or guarantees, is now
illegal," he pointed out.
A "healthy development," the
act will not be effectively influ-
enced by "gentlemen's agree-
ments and social pressures,"
Prof. Thomas feels.
He predicted no "great up-
heaval, since social pressure is the
most effective device in segregat-
ed neighborhoods."

Ask Federal
Help in Oak
OAK RIDGE, Tenn.-(IP)-The
Atomic Energy Commission put in
a quick call for Federal help yes-
terday to end a wildcat walkout
which has idled some 2,000 con-
struction workers on AEC projects
in this atomic city.
The unexplained walkout start-
ed quietly and unexpectedly Mon-
day when 250 workers on the $66,-
000,000 gaseous 'diffusion plant
(K-29) left their jobs. The num-
ber of idle spiraled upward like a
chain-reaction today.
THE AEC appealed to the Na-
tional Labor Relations Board and
the U.S. Conciliation Service to
help. It sought to put a quick end
to the trouble which is delaying
work on the high-priority K-29
plant and other atomic installa-
R. W. Cook, manager of Oak
Ridge operations of the AEC,
said two NLRB officials are en
route here by plane.
Gordon Molesworth, assistant to
the AEC manager, said the walk-
out involves around 2,000 con-
struction employes but does not
include any workers producing fis-
sionable materials used in A-bombs
or other atomic projects.

CIO Official Says Labor
Must Educate Followers

Lashing out at the editorial pol-
icies of Michigan newspapers,
August Scholle, president of the
state CIO Council,, last night as-
serted that labor must provide its
own educational outlets for its
Speaking at a meeting spon-
sored by the Americans for Demo-
cratic Action in Kellogg Audito-
rium, Scholle charged that State
newspapers have "grossly misrep-
resented" questions of economic,
political and social significance.
"It is incumbent upon us to
point out the facts of government;
to the people we represent," he
THE FIERY chairman of the
state CIO Political Action Com-
mittee scoffed at printed accusa-
tions that the CIO is "trying to
capture government."
"We are merely trying to
point out the real issues on the

'U' Counseling System Aids Bewildered Students

--Daily-Carlvie Marshall
* * *
CIO into the Michigan political
scene, Scholle said, "We simply
tired of having to choose between
two parties representing twwedle
dum and tweedle dee."
* * *

(EDITOR'S NOTE-This is the sec-
ond in a series of articles describing
the University's counseling system.)
Sue Dwan, Daily tryout investi-
gating the scope of the University's
counseling system, knew what to
expect when she visited her aca-

for the purpose of getting a first
hand view of what happens to a
student with academic or voca-
tional difficulties at such a large.
institution as this University.
Sue explained to her academic
counselor, Prof. Frederick H.

PROF. TEST tried to find out
if Sue were really decided-deter-
mined-to become a newspaper-
woman. He knew that students
often changed their vocational aim
upon some slight discouragement
in a course, or for some equally
trivial reason that they would lat-

reer imaginable, besides charts
outlining the opportunities, pay,
and chances for advancement in
various fields.
* * *
WHEN SHE returned to her aca-
demic counselor and told him she
was still undecided about a car,2r,

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