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December 02, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1949-12-02

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NEW YORK
DECISION
See Page 4

Latest Deadline in the State

Daitj

SNOW, CLOUDY

VOL. LX, No. 58 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 2, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fraternity

Heads

ass

Anti-Bias

Measure

'C,.

* * *

* * *

* * *

Lewis

Hailts

Coal

UN Accepts
U.S., British
PlanforPeace
Pass Western
Program, 53-5
NEW YORK-(P)-The United
Nations adopted a 12-point west-
ern power declaration for peace
yesterday and then rejected a
Soviet peace plan calling the Unit-
ed States and Britain war plotters.
The 59-nation assembly voted
53 to five for the joint British-
United States resolution outlining
12 essentials for peace.
THE VOTING came after Soviet
Foreign Minister Andrei Y. Vi-
shinsky shouted a denial of Yugo-
slav charges that the Kremlin is
interfering with Yugoslavia. One
of the listed essentials for peace
calls for keeping hands off other
countries' affairs.
The keynote of Russian pol-
icy in this assembly was defeated
in a series of smashing votes.
It was a move to:
1. Brand the United States and
Britain as leaders in preparation
for a new war.
2. Outlaw atomic weapons.
3. Have Britain, the United
States, China and France sign a
new peace pact with the Soviet
Union.
* *
THE WESTERN power peace
outline calls on all nations to re-
frain from threats of force against
other nations, or from stirring up
civil strife or otherwise interfering
with the integrity of any country.
It demands settlement of in-
ternational disputes by peace-
ful means, and cooperation to
regulate both atomic and non-
atomic arms.
It is a general restatement of
provisions of the United Nations
charter, which all members are
pledged to respect.
Yugoslavia abstained from sup-
port of the "essentials of peace"
resolution and did not support
the main proposals of the Soviet
resolution in paragraph-by-para-
graph voting.
In final debate Vishinsky took
up briefly the defiance voiced be-
fore the assembly by Yugoslav am-
bassador Sava Kosanovic against
the new cominform blast at Pre-
mier Marshal Tito.
New Zealand
Vote Seen As
'No Indication'
By BOB VAUGHN
Ousting of the labor government
in New Zealand does not neces-
sarily mean that a trend has
started that will eventually see
Britain and Australia following
suit, according to Manfred Ver-
non of the political science depart-
ment.
"Prime Minister Peter Fraser's
government has been functioning
with an extremely narrow margin
which appears to have been too
insecure a basis for their work,"
Vernon said.
ACTUALLY the incident is not
too surprising because the issue
was already critical in 1946," he
added.
On the basis of the elections

of that year the relative popu-
larity of the Nationalist and La-
bor parties was doubtful be-
cause "European" representa-
tives were divided equally be-
tween the two parties, Vernon
continued.
("European" representatives re-
fers to the economically most in-
fluential element of English de-
scendants who are to be found on
the side of business and labor.)
* * *

Educator Cites
CampusChanges
By DOLORES LASCHEVER
"Where forces in control of a community are so constructed that
they have failed to respond to forces of change . . . tremendous up-
heavals frequently result."
Citing recent student revolts in American colleges as examples of
such upheaval, A. T. Brumbaugh, vice-president of the American Coun-
cil on Education, explained that there is a continuous type and rate of
change taking place.
SPEAKING ON "The Campus as a Community" before the fina
meeting of the Conference on Higher Education, the former University
of dhicago professor said, "Where the forces maintaining the status
quo and those producing change are evenly balanced, the rate of
change is slow."

t
f
f
,1
s
f

r'
Name Ruthven
To Honorary
Chairmanship
Phoenix Project Fund
Drive Takes Form
President Alexander G. Ruthven
has been elected national honor-
ary chairman of the Michigan Me-
morial-Phoenix Project, the un-
dertaking he called "bigger than
'he University itself."
He was elected unanimously by
the executive committee, Chester
H. Lang, national executive chair-
man, announced.
* * *
THE PHOENIX Project is a
grand-scale research project into
peacetime uses of atomic energy,
including both scientific and social
implications.
A memorial to the University's
dead of World War II, the Proj-
ect will include work in nearly
every department on campus.
A drive to raise $6,500,000 to
sponsor the Project is now being
organized. The special gifts drive
is already being conducted by the
alumni.
Next fall a drive to contact all
alumni and students of the Uni-
versity for donations will begin.
The student campaign organiza-
tion is just beginning to form,
with petitioning for leadership
positions now going on.
Of the total amount to be qol-
lected, $2,000,000 will be used to
construct a Phoenix Project build-
ing, which will include an audito-
rium, laboratories, a library and
administrative offices.
Project Petitions
.. Petitions for positions on the
executive committee of the
Phoenix Project campaign or-
ganization will be available in
the Office of Student Affairs,
Rm. 1020, Administration Bldg.
until Monday, according to Stu-
dent Campaign Chairman Lu-
beck, '51.
Detailed information on pe-
titioning may also be secured in
the Office of Student Affairs,
She added.

One set of factors is not solely
accountable for the unity or dis-
unity of a campus, he empha-
sized.
Brumbaugh pointed out to the
assemblage of deans and other
educational representatives in the
plush surroundings of Rackham,
that, according to the old defini-
tion, a community of scholars im-
plies the preservation develop-
ment, and advancement of schol-
arship, that it refers to those who
participate, live, and work together
in an environment conducive to
that purpose.
* * *
TODAY'S campus community,
however, is large, he declared, with
interest and capacity widely diver-
sified, and is affected by both ex-
ternal and internal influences, he
said.
He gave Alumni influence and
college constituencies as more
obvious examples of external
forces.
"Alumni are usually unfavorable
to change. They believe the sub-
jects they took and dislike heartily
their sons should take."
* * *
CHANGE is often delayed by
the conservatism of religious con-
stituencies, the educator remarked,
adding that this tends towards
student upheaval.
"Tax supported universities
are subject to the constituency
of parents who are taxpayers-...
some oppose any form of reig-
ious teachings, examination of
communism or of the factors of
free enterprise."
"The institution is responsible to
the constituency," he pointed out,
"but the latter should not exert
force preventing the freedom to
teach and the freedom to learn."
The administration is one of
the primary internal factors in-
fluencing the campus community,
Brumbaugh continued.
He called for constructive
steps to be taken in cooperation
with the students.
Another internal factor, ac-
cording to Brumbaugh, is the con-
stant turnover of young people in
the college community, making it
necessary to orient newcomers
constantly.
Finally he said that personal
interrelationships - between stu-
dent and faculty, among the fac-
ulty and among students, faculty
and administration - "are the
spirit and life of the campus com-
munity.

Stri~ke
UMW Chief
Slates -Day
Work Week
Cut In Anthracite
Mining Ordered
NEW YORK - (P) - John L.
Lewis called off a full-scale strike
by the nation's 400,000 soft coal
miners yesterday and put them on
a three-day work week instead.
The three-day work week, ef-
fective next Monday, also will ap-
ply to most of the 80,000 hard coal
miners who have been working a
five-day week.
ABANDONING his fight for
nationwide contracts, the mine
union chief announced that the
short work week will continue
until individual coal companies{
sign agreements.
The action came in the form
of a resolution which was ap-
proved by Lewis' 200-man policy
committee. Meetings of the com-
mittee had been postponed daily
this week by Lewis while he de-
veloped his strategy.
Lewis gave no reason for the
policy adopted.
"The resolution speaks for it-
self," he said.
* * *
REACTIONS to the UMW move
were prompt and sharp.
Soft coal miners, who walked
off their jobs when a three-week
strike truce expired last mid-
night, were jubilant. The cheer-
less prospect of a Christmas
without paychecks was ended.
Mine operators were angry.
Some said Lewis was trying to
split the industry's hitherto solid
front. One called his action "in-
human and wrong."
HOWEVER, in Key West, Fla.,
President Truman's top labor con-
sultant, John R. Steelman, labeled
the situation a kind of truce and
predicted it would usher in a "long
period of industrial peace."
The President, associates said,
knew in advance that Lewis
wouldn't call a full-scale strike
and thus risk having emergency
provisions of the Taft-Hartley act
invoked against him.
World News
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
ROME-Italy's half-hearted 24-
hour general strike ended at 6
a.m. today with indications that
the once-strong Communist labor
leaders who called it were declin-
ing in power:
Throughout the nation activity
was almost normal in offices and
shops during the strike period.
Government offices operated fully.
Transportation was curtailed but
thousands of workers, ignoring the
strike, walked to work.
* * *
NEW YORK -President Jo-
seph Curran, of the CIO Nation-
al Maritime Union, won a smash-
ing victory late last night over
left-wing opposition when a
mass meeting of nearly 5,000
sailors voted three-to-one to up-
hold his suspension of 15 officers

he accused of Communist sym-
pathies.
They also voted approval of
all his current points of policy
in purging the Union's left-wing
elements.
* * *
NEW YORK-A top secret state
department document read at the
Alger Hiss trial yesterdayoutlined
prewar jockeying by France, Bri-
tain and Russia for Nazi Ger-
many's friendship.
The diplomatic note was sup-
pressed in Hiss' first perjury trial
as too red-hot from a security
standpoint for the jury's eyes.
Vaughan House
Wins IFC Prize

1*

-Daily-Carlyle Marshall
ANTI-BIAS MOTION PASSES-Jake Jacobson, '50, Interfraternity Council President, announces
passage of the modified discrimination resolution which IFC House Presidents approved last night.
The resolution asks the Student Affairs Committee to suspend any fraternity which fails to peti-
tion its national office by Jan. 1, 1951, for removal of bias clauses from its constitution.

Chinese Reds
Launch Finial
Drive oi Foe
HONG KONG- (P)-The Red
armies of China, with their foes
in flight from fallen Chungking,
were striking out yesterday in an
attempt to crush the last Nation-
alist government resistance on the
mainland.
Only in the south, on the front
west of Canton, was there any
hint of Nationalist resistance. A
Chinese press dispatch said a big
battle was in progress there.
There was no confirmation else-
where.
THE COMMUNISTS raced out
from Chungking along the.road to
Chengtu, the new refugee Nation-
alist capital 170 miles to the
northwest.
Their fast-moving forces are
believed trying to cut off the
fleeing Nationalist divisions be-
fore they ever reach Chengtu.
Other Red columns lanced out
north of Chungking. They were
trying to trap and annihilate Na-
tionalist forces which had been
deployed to meet an expected Red
drive from the north on Chung-
king. The drive never came.
* * *
INSTEAD, the Communists came
in from the south and east. With
a minimum of fighting on the out-
skirts, they occupied Chungking
Wednesday.
Set Trial for
AllegedSpies
SARAJEVO, Yugoslavia- (P) -
Ten Russians accused of spying'
for the Soviet Union went on
trial yesterday in a grey stone
district court building a few
blocks from the bridge where the
assassination of Austrian Arch-
duke Ferdinand set off World,
War I.
A dozen had been indicted in
this Yugoslav blow against Com-
inform activities within Yugosla-
via, but the court announced one
committed suicide and another is
ill.
The group has been under ar-
rest more than four months.
All the defendants were accused'
of collecting information in Bos-
nia, one of Yugoslavia's six fed-
erated states, and passing it on
to Russia through the embassy.

IFC Asks for
SAC Action
In Resolution
Motion Passed
By 21-14 Vote
By JAMES GREGORY
A watered-down version of the
Interfraternity Discrimination
Committee's anti-bias motion was
passed last night by the Interfra-
ternity Council House Presidents.
The substitute resolution asks
the Student Affairs Committee to
suspend any fraternity which fails,
by Jan. 1, 1951, to petition its na-
tional office for removal of any
bias clauses in the fraternity's
constitution.
The resolution was passed by a
21-14 vote.

NEXT YEAR, MAYBE :

SL Moves To Extend
Thanksgiving Holiday

By PETER HOTTON
Student Legislature last night
asked the University Administra-
tion for a "full weekend holiday at
Thanksgiving."
In a resolution passed unani-
mously, SL set up a committee to
check with the Administration on
Dr. Fishbeini
Resigns AMA
Editor Posts
CHICAGO - (JP) - Dr. Morris
Fishbein, 60, probably the most
widely known and most contro-
versial figure in American medi-
cine, has left his job with the
American Medical Association.
His retirement as Editor of the
AMA Journal & Hygeia had been
expected .since the AMA trustees
clipped his powers dratically last
June. They limited his writing
and speaking activities strictly to
scientific subjects. They also an-
nounced Dr. Austin Smith was be-
ing groomed to succeed Dr. Fish-
bein when he retired as Editor of
the Journal.
"IT WAS impossible for me to
continue under the circumstan-
ces," Dr. Fishbein said yesterday.
"I could not produce the type
of medical journal I was accus-
tomed to. I could not speak out
freely and vigorously on issues
which I felt were important."
Dr. W. W. Bower, Associated
Editor of Hygeia, an AMA health
magazine, is slated to become edi-
tor of that publication.
Varsity Holds
Debate at IC
The highly controversial topic
of socialized medicine was taken
up by the varsity debating team
last night at the International
Center.
Thertwo basic propositions were
that the average person finds it
difficult to make payment for
large medical bills, and that vary-
ing wage scales in different parts
of the country have created an
unequal distribution of doctors.

questions pertaining to the status
of students who must stay in Ann
Arbor during the holiday and the
facilities which provide for their
accommodations at the Univer-
sity.
* * *
SPECIFICALLY, the motion
stipulates that no classes be held
from the Wednesday evening be-
fore Thanksgiving to the Monday
after.
The Legislature tabled by a
roll-call vote of 36 to five a mo-
tion that SL favor the removal
of questions which may be con-
strued a discriminatory from
University application blanks
and to institute a course of ac-
tion not to cease until the ques-
tions were removed. Ten mem-
bers were"absent.
Though seventeen newly-elect-
ed Legislators went on record in
the pre-election Daily survey as
having favored removing ques-
tions, 14 of these members and the
Legislature as a whole refused to
commit themselves until they got
the facts from the Campus Ac-
tion Committee under which SL
members are studying the situa-
tion.
LEGISLATORS felt that the
Administration and various deans
should be approached more tact-
fully by a Legislature that "knew
all the facts."
Five were against removal and
six had no opinion in the Daily
survey of candidates.
A second resolution, that (1) the
CAC make full use of personnel
from the Committee to End Dis-
crimination and (2.) that various
groups be allowed to participate in
the Committee's work, was re-
ferred by a vote of 20 to 15 to the
Committee which would act as it
saw fit.
SL ALSO passed a motion by
Tom Walsh to offer its support
and assistance in holding a two-
day NSA state conference at the
University this spring.
The conference would study the
rights and limitations of individ-
ual students, discuss the scope of
student government and put to-
gether specific suggestions or ex-
amples of areas within which stu-
dents, faculty and administrators
can work cooperatively in an aca-
demic community.

IT REPLACED the one origin-
ally introduced, which asked SAC
to require every fraternity to in-
troduceat its next national con-
vention a motion asking that bias
clauses be removed from the fra-
ternity constitution.
The original resolution also
called for the anti-bias petition.
The House Presidents went into
closed session as soon as last
night's meeting had been called to
order. They remained in closed
session throughout the meeting.
IFC VICE-President Dick Mor-
rison, '50, later explained that this
was done so that all those attend-
ing the meeting would feel free to
reveal their true attitudes on the
discrimination problem.
The approved resolution reads:
"All fraternities having dis-
criminatory clauses in their con-
stitutions and/or by-laws exist-
ing on campus as of Nov. 1, 1949,
will be suspended unless they are
able to present to the Office of
Student Affairs by Jan. 1,1191"
evidence showing that the active
chapter has petitioned its na-
tional offices asking that All
discriminatory clauses be re-
moved from its constitution
and/or by-laws."
The resolution will be submit-
ted to the Student Affairs Com-
mittee for its approval at the next
SAC meeting.
* * *
JAKE JACOBSON, '50, IFC
President, declared, "When we say
petition we assume that such ac-
tion will force the national organ-
ization to bring this matter to the
floor of its convention."
Definition of satisfactory evi-
dence of petition must be left to
SAC, which will execute the rul-
ing, Jacobson asserted. "I as-
sumo that it shall be a notarized
copy of the petition and notifi-
cation of the receipt of same,"
he said.
"This step is a progressive one
in the fight against discriminatory
clauses,' Jacobson remarked. "It
definitely will not be the last one
taken by the fraternities here at
Michigan. It will serve to imple-
ment our program to fight dis-
crimination on a mental basis."
The House Presidents also ap-
proved unanimously the report of
the National Interfraternity Con-
ference convention, held last week-
end.
The convention recommended
that fraternities take "such steps
as they may elect" to remove racial
or religious bars to membership
from their constitutions.
YD Proposes
CED By-law
Committee to End Discrimina-
tion members will hear the Young
Democrats propse a by-law at the
meeting to be held 4:15 p.m., to-
day in the Union.
Young Democrats will request
"that the by-laws of the CED be
amended to the affect that, as a
matter of good policy, the organi-
zations belonging to the commit-
tee be required to inform CED of
proposed publications or mass ral-
lies concerning aspects of CED's
program at a reasonable time," ac-
cording to Lyn Marcus, president
"We feel that the recent pub-
lications of the Younr Prores-

INDUSTRY'S INGENUE:
New Neckerchiefs Offer
Campus Casanova Aid

By GEORGE WALKER
All the world loves a lover, even
industry,awhose latest brainstorm
is truly a boon to romance and
the American male.
The campus casanova who
wends homeward from romance,
his face smudged with feminine
beauty, need no longer cringe
from the sight of friends, resort
to the back of his hand, or soil a
perfectly good handkerchief with
the tell-tale marks of female af-
fection.

After an extended "goodnight"
the male necker is supposed to re-
move traces of lipstick by wiping
his face with the scarlet center
of his neckerchief. Thus, the same
handkerchief can be used time
after time with no evidence of
previous sport.
* * *
PRELIMINARY tests held at
The Daily yesterday indicate that
the neckerchief, or handkerchief,
or whatever you want to call it
will hold up against even the least

FUNDS FOR CHILDREN:
Ga ens To Launch Christmas Drive

By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Armed with bright buckets,
members of Galens will launch
their annual Christmas drive to-
day.
Funds collected in the drive to-

pital offers a variety of educa-
tional and diversional activities
to youthful convalescents.
Full time teachers provide the
children with instruction and
guidance in all the activities of the

through the shop in perfect free-
dom..
Rainbow was given to the shop
about a year ago by a child who
had been a patient at the hospi-
tal.

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