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VOL. LX, No. 53
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1949
Shah of Iran
To Be Feted
- At Hill Today
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, Shah
of Iran, will arrive in Ann Arbor at
14 a.m. today.
After being greeted at the Ad-
ministration Building by Governor
G. Mennen Williams, the Board of
Regents, President Alexander G.
Ruthven and other representatives
of the University, the Shah will
go to Hill Auditorium at 11 a.m.
where he will be honored at a spe-
cial convocation, which is open to
* ,,I s
FOLLOWING AN ADDRESS by
Prof. George G. Cameron, chair-
man of the Department of Near
Eastern Studies, the Shah will
make one of his few American
speeches. Music for the convoca-
tion will be provided by the Men's
Speaking last night in Detroit
before industrial leaders, the
Shah sounded an appeal for
American Aid in development of
Iran along modern scientific and
"Iran needs the help of Ameri-
can investment, industries and
know-how," he declared.
HE SAID that his country
would require aid in its seven year
plan for social and economic im-
provement, which includes link-
ing cities and ports through en-
larged systems of ground trans-
"I am confident that this help
will be forthcoming on the basis
of mutual self help," he added.
At 12:15 p.m. the Shah will hold
a press conference at his suite in
the Union, following which a
luncheon will be held in the Union
An informal reception will be
held for the Shah at 2:30 p.m. in
the West Quad Lounge. He will
meet his brother, Prince Mahmoud
Reza Pahlavi, and 13 other Iranian
In addition, heads of the West
Quad houses and the president and
vice-president of the West Quad
council will attend the reception.
Following a tour of the campus
the Shah is scheduled to attend a
tea in his honor at Stockwell Hall.
He will leave for Detroit immedi-
ately after the tea.
WASHINGTON - () - The
military high commands of the 12
North Atlantic Pact nations have
worked out a broad strategic plan
for the defense of Western Europe
and North America.
Formal adoption by defense
ministers of the Atlantic bloc gov-
ernments is expected at a meeting
in Paris Tuesday.
* * *
THIS WAS REPORTED yester-
day by Gen. Omar Bradley, top
ranking American military leader
and chairman of the military com-
mittee recently organized by the
Atlantic Pact countries.
Authoritative informants said
the plan is a broad statement of
the basic defense concept around
which detailed arrangements
can be worked out later. It is
not, according to these inform-
ants, a "war plan" in the usual
sense of specifying numbers of
men, units and equipment which
would be employed in any emer-
Agreement on such an overall
defense policy is one of the condi-
tions which must be met before
the United States can go through
with the billion dollar arms aid
program which Congress voted
Money at the Met
LIGHT TOUCH-An unidentified woman (left) lends a lighter
note to the opening of the Metropolitan Opera season by reaching
out to touch the emerald and diamond pendant worn by Mrs.
George Washington Kavanaugh. With Mrs. Kavanaugh is her
daughter, Mrs. Leonora Warner (right). The multimillion dollar
display of jewels and finery vied with the colorful stage as the
Met's 65th season began.
TOO MUCH SECRECY :
Prof. Barker Defends
Lilienthal Atom Policy
By NORMAN MILLER
By the resignation of David Lilienthal as chairman of the Atomic
Energy Commission, the nation has lost an invaluable public servant
and a leader who will be extremely difficult to replace, according to
Prof. Ernest Barker of the physics dept.
"The accusations by Sen. McKellar and other congressmen created
much unfair prejudice against Lilienthal and may be considered a
major factor for his resignation," Prof. Barker said.
"THE CONGRESSIONAL committee attempted to convince the
public that every one of Lilienthal's actions were wrong, but the
committee failed to prove their"
_ ____ _11 _ ._ f) . 61 7.".
On Bias Vote
By The Associated Press
A proposal to end racial dis-
crimination in college fraternities
was ruled off the program by the
National Interfraternity Confer-
ence meeting yesterday in Wash-
The action came as a surprise
to local IFC officers who said that
they could no longer look to Na-
tional IFC for leadership.
IN WASHINGTON Attorney
General Howard McGrath urged
a panel of fraternity leaders to
fight "The Communist termites
eating their way into colleges."
The NIFC, which took time to
discuss other issues such as
drinking, scholarship, and the
infiltration of Communists into
colleges, stated that discrimina-
tion was solely the affair of each
An effort to revive the issue was
launched by undergraduates rep-
resenting interfraternity councils
in a score of Northeastern and Big
* * *
THE UNDERGRADUATES who
hold no vote in NIFC hoped to
make themselves heard through
official delegates who might be in
sympathy with their view.
Dick Morrison, local IFC vice
president, upon hearing of the
action, said that until recently
Michigan IFC had not intended
to send a delegate to the confer-
"In the past this conference has
been noticeably unresponsive to
"One of the greatest weaknesses
of the fraternity system is the re-
fusal of the fraternity leaders to
recognize and deal with problems
of discrimination," he said.
"We can no longer look to NIFC
for leadership but will turn to Big
Ten IFC which holds promise of
being more responsible."
Dr. Ralph Bunche, United Na-
tions mediator in Palestine and
chief of the UN Trusteeship Divi-
sion will talk at 8:30 p.m. Monday
in Hill Auditorium.
Fourth in the University's Lec-
ture series, Bunche will discuss
United Nations Intervention in
* * *
BUNCHE HAS BEEN working
with the United Nations since its
formation at San Francisco in
1945. Even before that time, he
was a State Department represen-
tative to the Dumbarton Oaks
Conference which laid the blue-
prints for the UN.
It was largely through his ef-
forts that the war in the Holy
Land was brought to a close, and
an armistice which Bunche had
drawn up was accepted by both
A native of Detroit, Bunche has
worked with the state department
for several years before becoming
a United States delegate to the UN.
Tickets for the lecture are avail-
able at the Hill Auditorium Box
patient at Bryce mental hos-
pital complained of a stomach
The doctors took an x-ray
and decided to operate.
Still dazed, Dr. William A.
Engelbert yesterday listed the
items he removed from the pa-
tient's stomach as:
Fourteen cot springs, each
two and one-half inches long,
one spoon handle, two overall
snaps, one soft drink bottle
cap, thirty-one pieces of wire,
some of them eight inches long
and sharp at both ends, forty-
one rocks, one bolt.
coal producers last night invited
renewed contract talks with John
The Southern producers acted
amid reports that other segments
of the industry were ready to ask
Lewis for peace talks, possibly next
* * *
LEWIS HIMSELF was reported
about to call off any new strike un-
til after Christmas.
Joseph E. Moody, president of
the Southern Coal Producers As-
"We felt it was time to resume
negotiations. Lewis can advise us
if he thinks it's possible to come
to terms on a contract."
* s s
MOODY'S MESSAGE said Lewis
recalled that when negotiations
between the Southern group and
the union at Bluefield, W. Va.,;
were suspended on November 2, it
was understood that contract talks
could be resumed at any time.
Moody's message said the
Southern Association still stands
on its demands that any con-
tract contain assurances against
frequent strikes, and also pro-
vide safeguards on spending the
miners' welfare fund.
Moody's message said:
"We note from public statements
in the press that you have ex-
pressed a willingness to meet with
representatives of the coal opera-
"We therefore say to you that
our committee stands ready to re-
sume conferences at any reason-
able time and place you designate
for the purpose of again endeavor-
ing to negotiate an agreement that
will meet the full requirements of
OTHER KEY operator groups
were reported to have held meet-
ings to discuss the possibility of
new contract talks with Lewis.
The action of the Southerners
was seen as a move to be in-
cluded in any negotiations with
Lewis which may be developing.
Government officials also were
reported working in Ithe back-
ground trying to get the operators
and Lewis talking in earnest about
a new contract which -could end
the six-months-long coal crisis.
Lewis and the Northern and
Western operators were tight-
lipped about their plans. Even
Lewis' whereabouts became a bit
of a mystery.
As it stood last night, Lewis' call
to the 200-man policy committee,
which passes on major decisions in
situations like this, still was in ef-
fect. They are to assemble in New
* * * s
Stuffed Students Neglect
Classes on Da After'
By ROMA LIPSKY
With approximately half of the student population of Ann Arbor
digesting' their turkey dinners at home yesterday, academic concen-
tration apparently showed a decided cut.
Those professors who planned work for their Friday meetings
were greeted by a substantially reduced number of students.
* * * *
BUT ALL INDICATIONS were that class attendance was higher.
this year than last.
Several classes in the business administration school reported
almost 100 percent attendance-and in one 8 o'clock everyone
accusations," he added.
Lilienthal's fight to remove
much of a secrecy on atomic re-
search was applauded by many
There are no secrets in the fun-
damentals of atomic research, and
to put up censorship barriers is to
bar the free interchange of ideas,
necessary for scientific thought,
Prof. Barker said.
"IT IS DIFFICULT to recruit
scientists to work under the veil
of strict military security regula-
tions, because research cannot be
accomplished unless the scientist
has complete freedom of action in
However, in the development
of atomic weapons some degree
of secrecy and cooperation with
the military is necessary, Prof.
The designing and building of
atomic weapons is an immediate
concern of the armed forces and
they must have a control in this
field. Here it is not a case of
fundamental principles but of
complex production and design
improvements being kept secret,
"Lilienthal did not believe that
all security regulations should be
ended, but only those which were
of a fundamental nature and of
little bearing on military weapons.
Presenting a program of songs
for the benefit of the World Stu-
dent Service Fund, the Arts Chor-
ale will go on stage at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday inHill Auditorium.
The Arts Chorale, organized
last year, is a group designed to
give literary college students the
opportunity to sing standard chor-
THE GROUP has been practis-
ing under the direction of Prof.
Maynard Klein for seven weeks
famous gorilla who awed forty
million circus fans, died yesterdayl
in his air conditioned cage.
It wasn't known just what killed
the 550 pound five foot six inch
gorilla, who had lived to the ripe
old age-for gorillas in captivity-I
of 19 or 20 years. It possibly was
pneumonia, complicated by can-
GARGANTUA'S colorful career
as a circus star came to an end on
the same day as the Ringling Bros.
and Barnum and Bailey Circus
brought its 1949 season to an end.
Misfortune has struck. the circus
twice on its final day in Miami. In
1947 the famed aerial troupe, the
Alzanas, plunged 33 feet seriously
injuring three performers.
Gargantua, the most publi-
cized gorilla in history, began
life in the jungles of Africa. Mirs.
Gertrude Linz of Brooklyn
bought him from a tramp steam-
er captain and kept him for sev-
eral years as a house pet.
John Ringling North, who be-
came president of the circus when
his uncle, John Ringling, died late
in 1936, bought the gorilla for $10,-
000 but not long afterward said
"he's worth $100,000."
The body then will be mounted
and donated to the Peabody Mu-
seum at Yale.
appeared except the professor.
Literary school students were
scarce, however. Miost classes re-
ported attendance from one-third
to one-half the normal number.
* * *
SEVERAL professors dismissed
their classes after the first ten
minutes of the hour, thanking
those students present for coming.
One history professor had ask-
ed his class on Wednesday to
submit questions which he would
attempt to answer yesterday.
Among those received were sev-
eral queries on women, existen-
tialism, and the spirit of thanks-
"I can only class these as miscel-
laneous topics," hetdeclared.
Other professors excused their
students from taking notes and
read them chapters, from their
Engineering and law schools re-
ported high class room attendance
in almost all cases. About 60 per-
cent of the engineers appeared,
while more than 90 percent of the
lawyers diligently went to class.
Many of those who remained in
Ann Arbor for Thursday's holiday
skipped their classes anyway.
For 'Citizen Kane'
"Citizen Kane" will be presented
at 7 and 9:30 p.m. today and to-
morrow, insteal of the time stated
in Thursday's Daily, in the Archi-
To accommodate an anticipated
overflow, a matinee will be held
at 4:30 p.m. today and tomorrow.
The movie, sponsored by the Art
Cinema League and UWF stars
Orson Welles in the title role.
The advance ticket sale will be
held from 2 to 6 p.m. today in the
By The Associated Press
A record high total of at least
181 persons were killed in violent
accidents during the Thanksgiv-
ing Day holiday.
* * *
LAKE SUCCESS-The Unit-
ed Nations beat down decisively
yesterday a Soviet peace plan,
which carried a clause accusing
the United States and Britain of
preparing for a third world war.
Then, by 53 votes to 5, the UN
approved a counterAmerican-
British program for peace.
PANAMA-The United States
announced yesterday it has no dip-
lomatic relations with the new
Panama regime under Dr. Arnulfo
Arias, latest president in the coun-
try's dizzying series of coups.
* * *
LAKE SUCCESS-Russia an-
nounced her refusal to partici-
pate in the airing of Chinese Na-
tionalist charges against the
Soviet Union, whereupon Andrei
Y. Vishinsky walked out of the
UN political committee's hearing
of the charges.
* * *
PARIS - Strikers attacked
trucks and cars at St. Nazaire,
shipbuilding center on the west
coast as France's largely ineffec-
tive general strike came to a close.
LANSING-The state's refusal
to reinstate the Michigan School
of Trades, Detroit, as approved for
GI training was reaffirmed yester-
day following a hearing.
To Take Action
WASHINGTON - () - Con-
cerned lest talkative congressmen
and others disclose military se-
crets, President Truman yesterday
instructed Attorney General J.
Howard McGrath to take all possi-
ble steps to guard vital informa-
It was learned that Truman ha
been disturbed by such things as
the recent debate in and out of
Congress over the relative merits
and power of the B-36 Super-
bomber, and more recently, a tele-
vision program by Senator Edwin
C. Johnson (Dem., Colo.).
* * *
JOHNSON, A MEMBER of the
Congressional Atomic Energy
Committee, said in a telecast near-
ly a month ago that American sci-
entists have been devoting their'
time to trying to make a super
bomb and of setting off a bomb be-
fore an enemy power, intent on
dropping one, could relesase it.
The President talked about
the problems of safeguarding se-
cret information at a meeting
with Attorney General McGrat
and Chairman McMahon (Dem.,
Conn.) of the Congressional.
The Johnson incident was not
the one which touched off the
whole discussion, it was learned,
but vasthe, culm1hinating fa;ctor.
But Senator Johnson said la
night that he had it "from excel-
lent authority my telecast did not
figure in this development in any
* * *
JOHNSON SAID that nothing
he said on the television program
was new or secret, and that he did
not divulge any secrets of Amer-
It was understood that Trut-
man feels that it is not so much
what is said, but who says it, and
that the words of a member of
Congress carry unusual weight,
particularly ,a member of the
Atomic Energy Committee.
McGrath, on leaving the White
House, commented to reporters
that the laws governing the unlaw-
ful divulging of classified infor-
mation "apply to everyone, includ-
ing members of Congress."
THE RESIGNATION of David
E. Lilienthal as chairman of the
Atomic Energy Commission, with
the announced purpose of being
able to indulge in public discus-
sion with greater latitude, dip not
figure in the White House confer-
ence, it was learned.
There had been prior consult-
tions at the White House on the
whole question of secrecy of vital
information before Lilienthal
withdrew from his post this week,
it was reported.
McGrath said when he and Mc-
Mahon left the White House that
Truman had instructed him to
take all possible steps to see that
the nation's top secrets are
Is there anyone on campus who
wants to pick up a little spare
money selling 1950 Michiganen-
"A 10 cent commission on each
'Ensian will be paid to anyone in-
terested in selling," PaulSage, '52,
assistant promotions manager
said. "Interested persons can ap-
ply at the 'Ensian business office
in the publications building any
week day afternoon from. two till
THE 'ENSIAN wants as many
salesman as possible Sage added
so all stuidenrtsq who annlu will be
RCA OUT OF TUNE WITH PUBLIC:
CONGRESS SPECIFIED in the
- aw thtat pending agreement on
general defense strategy under the
Atlantic treaty only $100,000,000
of the total sum appropriated
could actually be delivered to Eu-
rope in the form of military sup-
Victor Losing to Columbia in Revolutionary Fight
By ROZ VIRSHUP
Ann Arborites aren't succumb-
tor's 45 speed here as well as in
the rest of the country, he said.
tachments are priced at $9.95 com-
pared to $12.95, the cost of RCA's.
some bad, a Thayer Street mer-
As things stand now, if you
have only a 33V RPM player, you