THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1949
rAGE FOUR TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 8,1949
New Voting Plan
FOLLOWING nearly every campus election
during the past few semesters the highly
intricate Hare System of proportional voting
which is used in the SL elections has been
under fire from individuals and groups in
all sections of the campus who feel that it
does not adequately express the desires of
Partially in answer to this criticism Stu-
dent Legislature last Wednesday night
voted to experiment with a new system of
preferential voting in the coming J-Hop
election. Under the new plan students will
vote for nine candidates with numbers in-
stead of X's as they have done in the past.
A number one vote will count 10 points,
a number two vote nine points and gradu-
ated on down to one point for a number
It is generally agreed that the new plan
is a definite improvement over the old sys-
tem which left the door wide open for block
voting. For previously it was possible for a
group to trade their J-Hop votes NINE
TIMES with other groups in exchange for
first place votes for their SL candidate.
While it is true that groups can still trade
blocks of votes under the new system, the
votes which they trade will not all carry the
same weight and the value of block trades
will diminish rapidly.
The principal objections to this gradua-
ted point system of voting have come from
students who feel that the Hare System
should be applied to both the SL and the
J-Hop elections. They argue that in this
way groups would be able to trade fewer
votes since there is no POSITIVE assur-
ance that anything but the first and pos-
sibly the second place votes will be count-
ed in the voting.
While there is some validity in this ar-
gument, the proponents of the Hare System
are over-looking the opportunity the J-Hop
election will give the SL to experiment with
a new voting system. And since it is agreed
that the graduated point system is a definite
improvement over the old J-Hop voting plan,
the campus cannot help but benefit by the
- Jim Brown
r EURINt MOVIE]
At the State.. .
THAT MIDNIGHT KISS, starring Kath-
ryn Grayson and Jose Iturbi,
THIS IS A MUSICAL, and it won't set the
world a-rage or on fire. But it is full of
good music, warmth and laughter (as a
musical should be) and it is good.
With a host of personable people, and a
good directorial touch, this encore of the
I-want-to-sing-in-the-opera plot (in a tenor
range, this time) turns out to be good enter-
tainment. Funnymen Keenan Wynn and
Jules Munshin vie with each other for
laughs, and Munshin turns in two of the
best satirical routines on the temperamental
tenor and the choreographic conductor we've
witnessed for a long time-short of the
Seeing to it that there's plenty of music
and singing is Katherine Grayson-looking
well-dressed and cupid's bow-ish-Jose
Iturbi-managing to make the music come
out of the mouths of the two young Ro-
mantics, and Mario Lanza.
And around to keep things going is Ethel
Barrymore, who is a grandmother-who-
wants - her - granddaughter - to - sing - in - the
opera, and J. Carrol Naish playing the Ital-
ian tenor who could use a Dubarry Success
Course around the waist.
Phoebe S. Feldman.
Editorials Published in The Michigan Daily
ale written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only..
NIGHT EDITOR,: DOLORES LASOHEVER
At the Michigan ...
TOKYO JOE, with Humphrey Bogart and a
corps of lesser-knowns.
A sluggish melodrama with overtones of
propoganda, "Tokyo Joe" centers on the ac-
tivities of ex-Army man Bogart in occupied
Japan where he tries to win back his di-
vorced wife while smuggling Communist tub-
versives into the country.
Basically, the movie is a feeble attempt
to duplicate "Casablanca"; the details are
different, and the polish of the earlier
picture is lacking, but it's the same old
story done in a sloppy manner with no
Ingrid Bergman to spice it up.
The movie follows Bogart from the dis-
covery that his ex-wife is happily married to
an occupation official, through encounters
with various types of Japanese, to his final
and fatal entanglement with a group of
smugglers to protect his child, whom the ex-
wife is rearing.
Bogart does a fairly capable job of acting
out a fairly lousy script, whereas the other
actors dazedly wonder through the picture,
looking like they knew the words but never
heard the music.
After sitting through 90 minutes of this,
about the only conclusions the movie-goer
can reach are, one, that the movie is paltry
entertainment and, two, that there are
Good Japanese and Bad Japanese, which
the occupation forces are treating accord-
After seeing this earth-shaking drama, it
is advisable to stay for the excellent Disney
cartoon-it might restore one's faith in the
MATTER OF FACT:
Six and 25
By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP
WASHINGTON-Lest everyone forget the
changed world we are living in, it might be
wise to begin each day by repeating, "Six and
25 make 31, and 25 makes 56." The incanta-
tion will have meaning, for these figures are
the best available estimates of the annual
Soviet production of atomic weapons.
In other words, if the intelligence ex-
perts have calculated correctly, the Krem-
lin will posssess a stockpile of six atomic
bombs by September, 1950; of 31 by Sep-
tember, 1951; and of 56 by September,
Forecasts like this must of course be tak-
en with a grain of salt, even when they
emanate from authoritative sources. All that
can be said for these figures is that they re-
present the best guess available, concerning
the most critical single factor in the grim
timetable of world events. As such, however,
these figures must be taken very seriously
indeed, until more dependable data have
The meaning of the figures is simple
and obvious. Within two, three, or four
years, depending on the caution of their
military planners, the masters of the
Kremlin will have a sufficient stockpile of
atomic weapons to begin bullying the na-
tions of Western Europe. Not long there-
after, if the Soviet war planners can
meanwhile solve the problem of an attack
at such long range, their stockpile will al-
so become a threat to the United States.
On the brighter side, the analysts have
only one contribution to make. It is prey
dicted that ore shortage will halt Soviet
manufacture of atomic weapons at the end
of about six years. The Kremlin's stockpile
will then consist of approximately 130
bombs. Unfortunately, this hopeful theory
is strongly disputed by the same realistic
minority of analysts who insisted that the
Soviets would produce the Beria bomb at
a relatively early date.
But it is as foolish now to rest our hopes
on a supposed limitation of Soviet raw
material sources, as it has proved foolish
already, to say that "Russia will never get
the bomb because the Russians haven't
got the know-how."
The grim truth is that a situation carl
easily be imagined, in which the Kremlin
will gain the mastery of Eurasia without ex-
pending a single atomic bomb. For if our
allies overseas feel that we in the United
States are too feeble to succor them, they
will not stop to count whether the Soviet
stockpile is fifty bombs, or a hundred, or
two hundred. The weaker among them will
come to terms. The stronger will find them-
selves outflanked. Such are the risks in-,
volved in policy of weakness, which is ex-
cused on the ground that the richest nation
in the world is too poor to afford an ade-
quate national defense.
(Copyright, 1949, New York Herald Tribune, Inc.)
ette' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
"Let's Offer 'Em A Gold Watch For 50 Years Service"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Inside reason why John
L. Lewis is trying so desperately to settle
with the coal operators is that his United
Mine Workers union is torn with rank-and.
Many coal miners deeply resented Lew-
is' offer to contribute funds to CIO steel-
workers from the UMW treasury at a time
when the miners themselves are destitute
and hungry. Also, there is widespread
rank-and-file bitterness over Lewis' dis-
sipation of the Miners' Pension-and-Wel-
The rebellion against Lewis is strongest
in Virginia and West Virginia, where sev-
eral local mine unions have voted by secret
ballot to go back to work. However, the op-
erators refused to reopen, fearing possible
violence and bloodshed by Lewis' strong-arm
ROW OVER CHINA
THE HOTTEST DIPLOMATIC ROW be-
tween the United States and Great Bri-
tain in recent years is taking place back-
stage over the touchy subject of China.
President Truman and Secretary Ache-
son got wind of the fact that a large Bri-
tish diplomatic delegation has been se-
cretly conferring in Pieping with the Chi-
ese Communists in order to negotiate Bri-
tish recognition of the Red Government.
This is a direct violation of the Bevin-
Acheson agreement made in New York a
month ago in which both agreed that no
deals would be made with the Chinese
IReds without first consulting each other,
together with France, Holland and Bel-
When the State Department learned that
this agreement had been violated, Secretary
Acheson and the other foreign ministers sent
a scorching note secretly to British Foreign
Minister Bevin denouncing his government
for trafficking with the Chinese Reds.
MEXICAN BULLS GET TOO TAME
IN THE BATTLE against hoof-and-mouth
disease, the Agriculture Department is
getting more bellows from Mexico's bull
fighters than from the bulls. For the bull
fighters blame the U. S. Agriculture De-
partment for breaking the spirit of their
It seems that the Agriculture Depart-
ment, working with Mexican authorities,
cinated every four months as well as all
other beef on the hoof. But the bull fight-
ers complain that this takes the fighting
spirit out of their bulls.
Replies the Agriculture Department: "Un-
less the vaccinations continue, there won't
be any bulls-with or without fighting spi-
rit". As a compronise, the authorities have
agreed not to vaccinate a fighting bull 30
days prior to his appearance in an arena.
* * *
GOP CUPBOARD IS BARE
NATIONAL CHAIRMAN Guy Gabrielson
has fired 25 employees off the payroll
of the Republican National Committee in an
effort to put the committee on a pay-as-
you-go basis. He will fire still more later.
Gabrielson found GOP finances in a
terrible state when he recently took over.
Former National Chairman Hugh Scott
had been spending at the rate of $70,0041
a month for payroll and other expenses,
while practically no money was coming
in from the big-money boys.
The National Committee had $800,000 in
the bank last January. When Gabrielson
took over in September he found, to his
amazement, that just over $100,000 was left
in the treasury.
(Copyright, 1949, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
HIGHLY ORDINARY and slightly dull
typified the performance of the Cleve-
land Orchestra Sunday evening. Despite an
interesting program the evening fell flat be-
cause of poor performance.
The conductor, George Szell, seemed to
have a definite conception of the music,
but the orchestra paid little attention to
him. Throughout the concert, especially
during the Brahm's "Second Symphony",
the conductor and the orchestra were at
odds in phrasing, tone color and attacks.
Bartok's "Concerto for Orchestra", which
preceded the Brahms was by far the best
performed work on the program. The score
itself was very interesting with its odt rhy-
thms and dissonances. It features groups of
instruments from the orchestra as soloists
in the concerto instead of the usual one in-
strument. The audience liked it, though the
off-pitch wood winds bothered many sensi-
After playing as soloists in the Bartok, the
orchestra had difficulty playing together.
The attacks were indefinite, the phrasing
choppy in the Brahms, though it improved
as the symphony progressed. The fourth
movement sounded very well, especially in
It seemed a mistake to program the
Concerto in the middle of the program,
The concerto is popular enough and suf-
ficiently exhilirating to end a program,
and the change of style from romantic
Brahms to modern Bartok would have
On the whole, the concert was spotty. Not
only were the high points scarce, but even
in them the orchestra seemed unable to
transcend the printed page and express real
feeling for the music.
"The adoption of the cap and gown is one
of the striking atavistic features of modern
-Thorstein Veblem, in "The Theory
of the Leisure Class"
Catholic Power.. .
To the Editor:
JUST OVER a week ago Mr. F. X.
Bower commended you for your
"courage" in printing a review of
Mr. Blanshard's American Free-
dom and Catholic Power. But the
measure of a man's courage is de-
termined by how much he loves
the thingrhe risks losing. In view
of your recent editorials on the
results of the Communist trials in
New York I fail to see how your
respects to Mr. Blanshard could
possibly shock anyone-least of all
Catholics. However, I would ask
for truth's sake that you allow me
to call your reader's attention to
Fr. George H. Dunne's booklet,
Religion and American Democracy
(a reply to Mr. Blanshard pub-
lished by The America Press).
They can then make up their own
minds whether Catholicism is
really as Mr. Blanshard and Mr.
Bowe' picture it.
There is, as always, far too little
charity in the world; nor does Mr.
Bower add to it by informing us
that as a sometime Catholic and
now a Protestant he "knows
whereof he speaks" when he de-
clares that the Catholic Church is
"fascist Christianity," whose "hi-
erarchy and dogmas accumulated
through dark centuries in Europe
when freedom was not known."
This sort of thing will no doubt
ring a bell with those who are less
concerned with history, language
and logic than with winding any
stick good enough for beating
popes. Presumably Mr. Bower
knew what he was doing in writing
those lines, for he assures us that
he was "indoctrinated" in the
Catholic Church. Well, I too was
indoctrinated when my schoolmas-
ter taught me the multiplication
table; but Ihwould remind Mr.
Bower that this by no means or-
dained me as an infallible mathe-
matician. Still, I can see that to
equate two plus two with five is a
mistake. Likewise it is a mistake
(whether a man be Catholic or
non-Catholic) to equate the Cath-
olic Church with the government
of the Church; for one who does
this can, as Mr. Arnold Lunn says,
no more hope to understand Ca-
tholicism than a historian could
understand England who is una-
ware of any activities outside Par-
liament and the Civil Service.
-Richard L. Bennett
'Disgusting Conduct' . *..
To the Editor:
THE CONDUCT of the boys in
the East Quadrangle during
pinning serenades is something
Uhat not only degrades themselves
but is disgusting to people who ap-
preciate the fine singing of fra-
ternity men and women on cam-
A pinning serenade should not
be confused with some of the un-
organized groups that sometimes
collect in front of women's resi-
The most recent example of the
rudeness of the East Quadrangle
residents was exhibited at the ser-
enade presented to us by Sigma
Nu last Sunday night.
Our two houses exchanged songs
for a short time, songs that had
been practiced by both groups for
such occasions and should have
been in no way offensive to disin-
terested students in the proximity.
It has come to our attention
that the boys in the Quadrangle
have had past conflicts with an-
other women's residence on Hill
Street. We sincerely hope that
their intolerance of organized ser-
enades will not result in a similar
situation, breaking the friendship
that has heretofore existed be-
tween Delta Gamma and the East
Sallie Stevens, President
* * *
Union Ouster .
To the Editor:
I WOULD LIKE to take issue
with Sunday's editorial on the
expulsion of the left wing unions
from the CIO. Several students in-
cluding myself had the opportun-
ity of being in Cleveland for a
couple of days during the conven-
tion and heard the debate on the
question. Naturally the newspaper
coverage 'tried to make the labor
leaders out as "bosses" and gave
little of the reasons for the ouster
other than that they were "reds."
My observation was that the rea-
sons for the expulsion were plain-
ly and rationally stated, and sec-
ondly that the reasons go much
deeper than an anti-red mania.
They were most logically stated
by Walter Reuther. His reasons
were as follows:
1-Labor policy if it is to be ef-
fective must be united and after
policy has been democratically
decided all unions are to be bound
by it if they are to remain in the
CIO-the left wing leaders consis
tently ignore union policy.
2-The left wing unions have
carried on activities contrary to
CIO policy and claimed CIO sup-
3-The left wing has attempted
to undermine respect for the na-
tional leadership by slander and
4-And finally the right wing
leaders believe that they have evi-
dence that the left wing leaders
get their orders from Moscow; e.g.,
immediately after the war Harry
Biridges of the Longshoremen's
Union, along with the rest of the
left wing, were trying to get the
national executive committee of
the CIO to sign a five-year no-
strike pledge for no apparent rea-
As an evidence that this was in
no way railroaded through, there
was no limit on debate and it went
on for over four hours. Most of the
"white-hot oratory" came from
the left such as Harry Bridges and
Ben Gold. There were signs of
anti-red emotionalism, but is was
restrained; and consider that
most of the unions with right
wing leadership are very familiar
with the obstructionist tactics of
the left wing.
I would suggest that The Daily
try to check more original sources
before editorializing so strongly
especially on a subject on which
there is such a lack of adequate
information and where a good un-
derstanding of the problem is so
important. -Allan K. Wildman
(Continued from Page 2)
International Center Weekly
Wed., Nov. 9, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.,
Women's Sewing Group. 7:30 p.m.;
Thurs., Nov. 10, 7:30 p.m., Po-
University Community Center:
Tues., Nov. 8, 8 p.m., Wives'
Club. Program by Kaiser-Frazer1
Wed., Nov. 9, 8 p.m., Badmin-
ton; Beginners' bridge; Ceramics.
Thurs., Nov. 10, 8 p.m., Cera-
mics; Water-color and textile-,
painting; Choir; Rehearsal for
Style Show models.
Fri., Nov. 11, 8 p.m. Church So-
University Lecture. "The Courts
of the Native Princes in Sura
Karta." Dr. P. H. Angenent, Gov-F
ernment Commissioner for Cen-
tral Java, Netherlands East In-
dies; auspices of the Degree Pro-I
gram in Far Eastern Studies. 4:15)
p.m., Tues., Nov. 8, Rackham Am-
American Chemical Society Lec-
ture: Dr. Darrell Osborne, Ar-
gonne National Laboratory. "The
Properties of Liquid Helium III.")
4:07 p.m., Thurs., Nov., 10, 1300
Electrical Engineering Collo-
quim on Telemetering. 4 p.m.
Tues., Nov. 8, 2084 E. Engineering'
Bldg. Mr. Perry A. Borden, Patent
Engineer for the Bristol Company,
Chemical Colloquium: 4:15 p.m,.
Wed., Nov. 9, 1400 Chemistry. Dr.
Joseph Boyer will speak on "A New
Carbonyl Reagent" and "Analogs
of the Lupin Alkaloids." All are in-
Music of the 17th and 18th Cen-
turies by String Orchestra, Gilbert
Ross, Conductor, Tuesday evening,
November 8, in Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. Soloists: Digby Bell,
pianist, and Joan Bullen Lewis,
cellist. The program will include
compositions by Stamitz, Vivaldi,
Tartini, Wilhelm Friedemann
Bach, and Sammartini. Open to
the public without charge.
Organ Recital: The first in a se-'
ries of four Wednesday afternoon
organ recitals by Robert Noehren,
University Organist, will be pre-
sented at 4:15 p.m., Nov. 9, Hill
Auditorium. Program: Bach's Toc-
cata, Adagio and Fugue in C ma-
jor, Franck's Choral in E major,
Vierne Stele pour un enfant de-
funt, and the Sonata entitled "The
84th Psalm, by Reubke. The pub-
lic is invited.
Faculty Recital: Benning Dex-
ter, pianist; will be heard in his
first Ann Arbor recital at 8:30
p.m., Wed., Nov. 9, Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Program: Com-
positions- by Bach, Beethoven,
Brahms, Chopin, Strawinsky,
Charles. Jones. and . Schumann.
Open to the public.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memo-
rial Hall: Contemporary American
Painting, through Nov. 27, week-
days 9-5, Sundays 2-5. The public
Canterbury Club: 7:30 p.m.,
Chaplain's Seminar, conducted by
Rev. Burt on the basic doctrines of
the Christian faith.
Square Dance Group: 7 p.m.,
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Upper Room, Lane Hall. All are
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Full chorus rehearsal, 7:15 p.m.,
League. Ticket sales to chorus at
AVC: Business meeting, 7:30
p.m., 327 S. Division, Basement
Apt. Bring dues.
West Quad Council: 6:30 p.m.,
Freshmen Study Hall, West Quad.
All residents invited.
5440th Military Govt. Tng. Re-
serve Unit: 7:30 p.m., 131 School
of Business Administration Bldg.
Test on Military Law and Courts
Martial proceedures. Lt. R. Hage-
lin will present a lecture on basic
first aid to injuries. Films: First
aid for non-combat injuries, and
first aid for battle injuries.
Wolverine Club: Open meeting,
7:30 p.m., Union.
Varsity Debate: No meeting this
week. Note assignments listed on
bulletin board, fourth floor, An-
Cercle Francais: Meeting, 8
p.m., League (consult bulletin
board). Prof. Paul M. Spurlin will
present an informal talk entitled
"Quelques balourdises divertis-
santes." Faculty and members in-
Zetalethian: Meeting 7:30 p.m.,
League. Room will be posted in
Varsity Committee of the SL: 7
I.Z.F.A.: Song and Dance group,
8 p.m., Union. Visitors welcome.
UWF: Open meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Union. A Delegate report from
UWF National Convention.
Sigma Rho Tau, Engineering
speech society: Meeting, 7 p.m.,
E. Engineering Bldg. Prof. Heady,
Political Science Dept. "The Gen-
eral Expansion of the Govern-
Mich. Dames: General Meeting
will not meet on Nov. 8, but will
meet Nov. 15 in the General As-
sembly Room, Rackham Bldg.
Canterbury Club: 7:15 a.m., Nov.
9, Holy Qommunion followed by
Mich. Dames: Sewing grou
Nov. 10, at the home of Mrs.
James De Les Dernier, 1033 Pack-
ard at 8 p.m.
U. of M. Theatre Guild: General
Meeting, 7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9.
U. of M. Sailing Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9, 311 W.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Postal
Match with U. of Washington, 8
p.m., Wed., Nov. 9, ROTC range.
Arts Chorale: Regular meeting,
7 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9. Rm. B, Haven
Hall. All members should be pres-
ent. Concert will be Nov. 29.
Young Progressives: Educational
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9,
1018 Angell Hall. Discussion of the
causes of racial discrimination and
means by which it can be elimi-
Scabbard and Blade: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9, North Hall.
Women of theUniversity Fac-
ulty: Tea, 4 to 6 p.m., Wed., Nov. 9.
4th floor clubroom, League.
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