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October 27, 1949 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1949-10-27

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THE AMERICAN
STORY
See Page 4

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Latest Deadline in the State

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FAIR, WARMER

VOL. LX, No. 28 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1949

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Cripps Calls
For Increased
Productivity
Asks for Vote
Of Confidence
LONDON - (AP) - Britain's eco-
nomic boss told the nation yester-
day it must make more goods at
once and sell them to Americans
or else "our civilization itself must
fade and wither away."
Sir Stafford Cripps' austere face
was red and he was moved almost
to tears as he laid this grim work-
or-die ultimatum before the coun-
try at the end of an hour and a
quarter address in the House of
Commons.
HE CALLED for a vote of confi-
dence in the Labor Government
in support of its economy program
to hew $280,000,000 ($784,000,000)
off government spending and
$400,000,000 off dollar imports.
But dapper, graying Anthony
Eden, deputy leader of the Con-
servatives, immediately raked
the Chancellor of the Exche-
quer's speech as mere "pious ex-
hortations." The economy pro-
gram itself, he said, is "still
sketchy and indefinite" and
"another crisis is not many
months away.''
Conservative leader Winston
Churchill, at a party rally tonight
again called for "real economy"
and election of a new Parliament.
He described the debate as "the
funeral preparation of the Social-
ist government."
As the Labor government wor-
ried about austerity economy, Brit-
ain turned down demands for full
self-government for the 4,000,000
people of West Africa's gold coast
yesterday.
Acheson Hits
'Trumped Up'
Spy Charges
Counters with Blast
At Czech Government
WASHINGTON - (IP) - Secre-
tary of State Acheson scornfully
rejected yesterday spy charges
brought against American diplo-
mats in Prague by Czechoslovak-
ia's Communist government.
He called the charges "obviously
trumped up," said they were de-
signed to "intimidate" the Czech
people, and hurled his own accu-
sations of police state methods and
diplomatic discourtesy at Prague's
Red regime.
* * *
AT THE SAME time, Acheson
said that conformity with stan-
dard diplomatic practice required
the United States to accede to the
Czech government's request for
removal of two American embassy
employes from the country. That
has been done, he said.
A third employe, lacking dip-
lomatic status, has been arrest-
ed and the Embassy has been
making a determined effort to
establish contact with him in
prison, Acheson said.
Acheson blasted away at the
spy charges in a statement with
which he opened his news confer-
ence yesterday. He said that a

formal protest to the Czech gov-
ernment is in preparation in the
State department.
The three embassy employes in-
volved in the Czech charges are
Isaac Patch and John G. Heyn,
whom Acheson= described as as-
sistant attaches, and Samuel
Meryn, a clerk. All worked in the
Prague Embassy's political depart-
ment.
Strike Cancels
Illinois-Bound
GameSpecials
All special trains to the Illinois
game have been cancelled because
of the coal strike, the New York
Central revealed yesterday.
But sale of round-trip bus tick-
ets to the game will continue from
11 a.m. to 4 p.m. today and from 9
a.m. to noon tomorrow at the Stu-
dent Activities window in the
lobby of the Administration Bldg.,

Economic Stability
Called for byStowe
Marshall Plan Aid has brought recovery and productivity to Eu-
rope, but not stability, Leland Stowe told a Hill Auditorium audience
last night.
The former Pulitzer journalism winner said, "Our job is to win
the peace by bringing economic stability to the rest of the world."
* * * *
STOWE CALLED "the basic problem of our time too much pro-
duction and too few customers."
This is taking place in the United States, France, England,
and Germany, he said.
He indicated three causes for this situation:
* * ~* *
1. "THE IRON CURTAIN means that one-third of the earth is no
longer open to free trade.
2. "Since 1938, the United States has doubled its industrial
capacity. With much more to sell, we now find fewer customers.
3. "The United States is the greatest creditor nation in the world,
and we are not acting as one. The dollar shortage is one of Europe's

eports i Capital Conflict

oII

'ruan

Strike

Action

V

* * *

<

Press Slights
Mleaning of
News - Stowe
By ROMA LIPSKY
The American Press over-em-
phasises immediate facts instead
of meaning and importance in the
news, Leland Stowe said in an in-
terview last night.
"Important events which are not
'spot news' are often neglected; at
the same time in stories which
make headlines writers take no
effort to give the background and
significance of the event," he said.
BUT DESPITE these criticisms,
the journalist who has spent 12 of
the last 20 years as a foreign cor-
respondent, thought the press does
a "fair job" of foreign reporting.
Americans do not get a com-
plete picture of happenings in
foreign countries for two rea-
sons, he said.
"First you have to follow events
in any part of the world very
closely to keep up with them. Most
people don't."
"SECONDLY, many things de-
velop in fragments, so that it takes
six or eight stories over a period
of months to understand what is
happening."
As an example of this, Stowe
pointed to the destruction of the
middle class in eastern Europe.
"It is happening deliberately and
cruelly but you don't ever hear
See PRESS, Page 8
Prof. Slosson
Disp utes Top
Red Decision

Knost pressing problems."
"IF WE WANT a world with
some defense against communism
we must put capitalism's capital
to to work. This can't be done
without risks," he said.
Stowe offered as a "logical so-
lution" to economic ills that the
United States buy more goods
from Europe, greatly increase
foreign investments, and gradu-
ally taper off the Marshall Plan.
Marshall plan aid has been suc-
cessful in its immediate efforts,
but rather than solving Europe's
problems, it merely gives them
time in which to reach a solution,
he said.
COMMUNISM is not defeated
in western Europe, European un-
employment, shortages, and low-
ered standardsrof living are sure
to result in strikes of which the
Communists will take advantage,
he said.
But there is a hopeful note,
Stowe indicated.
"Thoughful men in America as
well as Europe are beginning to
see re-construction is no short-
range project, but the job of a
generation or two"
Dean Stresses
Importance of
Staff Systems
"The main problem in main-
taining a first class institution is
the maintaining of a first class
teaching faculty," Dean Lloyd S.
Woodburne of the literary college
said yesterday.
He declared the systems of ap-
pointments, promotions, salaries,
tenures and elimination of faculty
members must be closely related
in an institution if a good teach-
ing faculty is to be perpetuated.
* * *
"A POOR appointment system
will often cause difficulty when
promotions are to be made," he
explained.
If these systems are not fare-
fully integrated, it will become
more difficult for a school to re-
tain its better faculty members,
he said.
Dean Woodburne drew many of
the observations in his speech
from a tour of over 45 American
universities and colleges he recent-
ly completed.
U Gets Land
For New Dorm
Another hurdle in the way of
construction of the projected new
eight-story men's dormitory was
cleared yesterday when the Uni-
versity acquired a Monroe St.
property which will be part of the.
dorm's site.
In a settlement reached just be-
fore the case was to have been
judged by a circuit court con-
demnation jury, the University
gave full disposal rights of the
house on the land to the owners,
thus paitig the way to the agree-
ment.

Still NoDecision
On Intervention
By The Associated Press
Conflicting reports that President Truman has and has not
decided to take a hand in the coal and steel strikes if they are not
settled by the end of the week came last night from the Capital.
A cabinet officer who declined to be identified by name said Mr.
Truman had decided to intervene.
* * * *
LATER A WHITE HOUSE official, an adviser on Administration
policy in the labor crisis, said no deadline had been set by the
President.
"Evidently the gentlemen misunderstood the President be-
cause I talked to Mr. Truman a half hour later and found out he
hasn't made any decision to in- ' * * *

-Daily-wally Barth
PHILIPPINE ENVOY-Discussing Philippine problems over a cup of tea are (left to right) Emeterio
Roa, student president of the Philippine Club; Bart A. Umayum, cultural affairs officer of the
Philippine Embassy; and University students, Edita Martelino; Mrs. L. G. Moran and Jose Abreu.
Umayum visited the University as part of a nation wide tour of campuses having large Philippine

student enrollment. While here he conferred with members of
possible the annual tag days which raise funds for rebuilding the
* * *
Urnayurn Sayls 'TiagDay s
e/
Helps U. Of Philippines

But
To

Unsympathetic
11 Defendants

By NORMA JEAN HARPELIK
Help from the University of
Michigan has greatly facilitated
rebuilding of the University of the
Philippines at its new site at
Quezon City, Bart A. Umayum,
cultural affairs officer of the Phil-
ippine Embassy said here yester-
day.
"Japanese bombs and the use of
textbooks for firewood almost com-
pletely destroyed the U. of P.," he
added.
UMAYUM WAS honored at a
tea sponsored by the Philippine
Club yesterday at the Interna-
tional Center.
Since 1945 the University has
W orld News
Round-Up
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Paul G. Hoff-
man left Washington yesterday
with a grave message for Europe:
unless united and drastic recovery
efforts are made, a ; dissatisfied
Congress may refuse to vote next
year's Marshall Plan billions.
CHUNGKING-Possibly 225,-
000 seasoned Chinese Commu-
nist troops were reported mass-
ing today for a breakthrough
into Kwangsi Province, key-
stone of Nationalist resistance
on the mainland.
Against this force, Gen. Pai
Chung-Hsi, the Nationalist
commander, has 200,000 troops.
*F *a
LAKE SUCCESS-Four of the
Big Five Powers and Canada yes-
terday blamed Russia alone for the
continuing East-West deadlock on
atomic energy control.
They told the United Nations
Assembly the main block to agree-
ment is Russia's position that her
own national sovereignty comes
before world security.

sponsored an annual tag day
in Ann Arbor to raise funds for
reconstruction of the Philippine
University. Stretching a help-
ing hand across the Pacific, stu-
dents and faculty have contrib-
uted thousands of dollars.
"If Franklin Roosevelt had out-
lived the granting of Philippine
independence, reconstruction
would have progressed more rap-
idly," Umayum declared. "F. D. R.
assured us $2 billion to replace the
damage to the Islands. Congress
has appropriated only $625 mil-
lion."
THE PHILIPPINE University is
not the only thing which has suf-
fered this cut in funds. "None of
the civic rebuilding is progressing
according to schedule, either," he
added.'
"The prevalent attitude of the
Philippines is that the last war
was a war of the U.S. The Japs
attacked the Islands because
they were American territory.
Some dissatisfaction is voiced
because adequate funds are not
forthcoming," Umayum said.
The reconstruction of the Phil-.
ippine Islands is a moral obliga-
tion of the U.S. even though the
Islands are independent, he con-
tinued.
"AT FIRST Philippine inde-
pendence was greeted hesitantly
by the Islands' business elements.
They thought that independence
would put an end to preferential
tariff relations with the U.S. How-
ever, our copper, sugar and co-
conut oil are still allowed into the
U.S. tariff free," Umayum in-
formed the group.
Umayum's visit to the Univer-
sity is part of a nation wide tour
to college campuses having large
Philippine student enrollment.
The idea behind his tour is to pro-
mote cultural cooperation between
the Philippines and the U.S.

the faculty who helped make
University of the Philippines.
Engine Show
Features Talk
And Displays,
By NORM MILLER
"The Engineering College is
constantly expanding with the de-
mands of increased enrollment,
but we are giving as much indivi-
dual attention to students as is
possible," Dean Ivan Crawford
said last night during the Engi-
neering Night ceremonies held in
the Union Ballroom.
Crawford cited the building of
three new laboratories in the Civil
See PICTURES Page 6
Engineering dept. and one in the
Aeronautics dept. as evidence of
the University's attempt to pro-
vide increased facilities for engi-
neering students.
APPROXIMATELY 400 persons
heard Crawford's talk and viewed
the displays set up by fourteen
engineering societies.
Members of the Institute of
Radio Engineers and the Amer-
ican Institute of Electrical En-
gineers gave students the op-
portunity of seeing themselves
on television. A television trans-
mitter televised them and at
the same time they saw their
image recorded on a television
screen.
A full size hollow propeller and
models of modern warplanes were
displayed at the booth of the
Institute of Aeronautical Engi-
neers.
MINIATURE road graders, trac-
tors and cement mixers were
shown by the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers. A huge
scale model of a sailing yacht,
tested in the tank of the Dept.
of Nautical Engineering, was ex.-
hibited by the Quarterdeck So-
ciety.
See ENGINE, Page 6

tervene, or fixed any deadline,"
the White House source said.
The cabinet officer did not say
what form of intervention was in
mind. But he indicated it would
not be a Taft-Hartley Act injunc-
tion.
* * *
SEIZURE IS A legal possibility
under the draft law. This law ap-
plies to any industry which fails
to meet government orders for
materials.1
The White Houne said prev-
iously that Mr. Truman was not
inclined now to step into the
situation.
Both disputes ane deadlocked.
The steel industry has not met
with the CIO United Steelworkers+
Union since 450,000 of its mem-+
bers struck Oct. 1. Negotiations
between United Mine Workers and
five-sixths of the nation's soft
coal industry have collapsed.
* * *
PEACE TALKS. with the South-
ern Coal Producers Association,
representing one sixth of the in-
dustry, are still alive but in recess
until next Tuesday. The disput-
ants got nowhere Wednesday after
a 90 minute session at Bluefield,
W.Va.
The twin strikes have hit the
nation's economy a hard blow.
Mediation Chief Cyrus S.
Ching, concentrating on settling
the steel strike before trying a
direct hand in the coal strike,
arranged another conference in
New York with the U.S. Steel
Corp. He conferred with them
last week without success. He
talked Tuesday with the Bethle-
hem Steel Corp. but said he
made "no progress."
Other labor developments:
CIO President Murray asked
President Truman to oust Robert
N. Denham as General Counsel of
the National Labor Relations
Board. He said Denham has "used
his vast powers to aid employers
bent on destroying free trade
unions."
By an overwhelming vote, Ford
Motor Company workers finally
approved a pension agreement ne-
gotiated by Ford and the UAW-
CIO. The contract will allow
Ford workers to retire at 65 on
$100 a month pensions, including
Social Security benefits. Ford will
pay the part not converted by
pay the part not covered by social
security.
Clark Clarifies
Petition Rules
Petitioners for Board in Control
of Intercollegiate Athletics must
be first-semester juniors, accord-
ing to SL elections chairman Bill
Clark. Two candidates have al-
ready been rejected because they
are second-semester juniors, he
said.
In addition, 300 instead of 50
names are required for these peti-
tions, he said. The deadline for
Athletic Board petitions has been
extended until 4:30 p.m. Friday.
Student Directory
Sale Slated Today

Strikes Have
Slight Effect
In Ann Arbor
By DON KOTITE
National coal and steel strikes
have had little or no effect, as
yet, on local manufacturing con-
cerns, but some company officials
fear a possible increase in supply'
stoppages.
Although negotiations in both
disputes are deadlocked and no
immediate relief seen, Ann Arbor
companies have apparently es-
caped the brunt of order can-
cellations and worker layoffs.
* * *
KATHLEEN CONKLIN, secre-
tary-treasurer of King Seeley
Corp., pointed out that concern
has enough raw steel to last
through November. "But if the
Ford Company fails, we stop pro-
duction," she added.
The King Seeley Corp., she ex-
plained, is a heavy supplier of
the auto manufacturers, produc-
ing steel instrument panels and
motor accessories.
Regarding the crippling steel
strike, a spokesman for the Argus,
Inc~, camera concern said "we are
fortunate in that respect; we ex.
pect to lay no one off."
* * *
HE EXPLAINED that since
cameras are a low-consuming steel
product; no effect has been felt.
The company's biggest worry is
aluminum, he noted.
If the strike is settled within
two months, Argus will escape
with no drastic consequences,
Production curtailment might
result, however, if deadlocks
continue longer than that, the
company reported.
On the other hand, the local
Ebconomy Baler concern is be-
ginning to feel the pinch, man-
agers declared. They said despite
See STRIKE, Page 8
Eklund Lauds
Federal Aid
To Education
There is a good chance that
some kind of federal aid to educa-
tion will be passed in the next ses-
sion of Congress, John M. Eklund,
president of the American Federa-
tion of Teachers said last night
before a meeting of the organiza-
tion's local chapter.
The group, meeting at the Un-
ion, heard Eklund come out
strongly for such aid, if it definite-
ly earmarked funds for increas-
ing teaching wage scales.
HE ATTRIBUTED the failure
of Congress's last session to pass
any legislation with such qualifi-
cation to parliamentary muddling.
Eklund also reported to the
chapter on the position of the
federation toward communist
teachers. Membership in the
Communist Party should not
condemn a teacher per se, Ek-
lund declared.
Eklund scoffed at those who

"I would not have voted guilty
on the 11 top Communists on the
basis of what evidence I've read,"
Prof. Preston Slosson of the his-
tory department said yesterday.
Speaking at a meeting of the
Americans for Democratic Action,
at which Prof. Samuel Estep of
the University law school also
spoke, Prof. Slosson said "no one
can have the slightest sympathy
with the defendants. They cry for
civil liberties on the one hand,
and make excuses for all sorts of
Russian violations of them on the
other."
* * *
"BUT IT IS questionable wheth-
er they cause any real and present
danger to the government. So far,
they are only practicing abstract
advocacy of possible revolution,"
he said.
No Communist revolution has
ever been successful without
there being the popular support
of at least one third of the vot-
ers. When a Communist presi-
dential candidate gets 16,000,000
votes, it is time to worry, Prof.
Slosson explained.
"I think the government should
allow a little flexibility in the in-
terpretation of this abstract kind
of talk, and concentrate instead
on any real conspiracy that may
arise," he concluded.
PROF. ESTEP, who spoke on
the legal aspects of the top Com-

SCHOLARSHIPS FOR FOREIGN STUDY:
Fuibright Award Competition Opens

By DAVE THOMAS
Competition for the 1950-51
Fulbright awards has begun.
This year, the second of the
program, 648 opportunities in the
fields of graduate study, teaching
and research abroad are being of-

ment. The award is normally
made for one year only and is
renewable only in exceptional
cases.
Grants to foreign nationals in-
clude round trip transportation
only, as all the awards are made

Rhodes scholar, launched the
program in order to broaden
international understanding and
at the same time facilitate the
sale of surplus army property
which was badly needed by
many European countries after

Dean Ralph A. Sawyer of the
graduate school.
He pointed out that there are
three general requirements for
prospective candidates. They
are:
1. American citizenship.

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