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May 28, 1950 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-05-28

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THROUGH THE Western Nation's pro-
posal to form a 12-power army interna-
tional politics has taken a further turn in
favor of the "carry a big stick" policy. In
the midst of a tense and critical world sit-
uation a modern band of militia men echo-
ing the cry "we are ready and waiting" is
about to.be formed.
The proposed army not only empha.-
sizes the urgency of the cold war but is,
in adidtion, another stage of the con-
tinuous battle splitting Russia from the
West. While the reasoning leading up to
the formation of the 12-nation army is
the result of existing aggressive attitudes,
the. army itself is ample cause for future
division and future antagonism.
Words as well as deeds have helped build
the cold war into the threatening situation
that it is. Even the simple coining of the
phrase "iron curtain" has lowered a figura-
tive barrier across Eastern Europe, a bar-
rier that in time has separated the world in
two. To this imaginary line has been added
the moral judgement that everyone on our
side is good and everyone on the other side
is bad.
This egocentric way of looking at our
country, while naively patriotic, is neither
realistic nor practical for maintaining world
* * *
NOW THE battle of words and moral rights
and wrongs has been carried to its log-
ical extreme. It has turned into a show
of physical power, an active attempt to
separate the world not by an imaginary
wall but by pointed guns and anxious A-
Certainly Russia has not been playing
the role of the peace-loving neighbor, but
for, that matter - and many people re-
fuse to recognize this - neither have we.
The 12-nation army is our final act be-
fore declaring war.
These are two main reasons often cited
in defense of forming the Army. The first
of these is that -if Russia is allowed to go
unchecked she will expand herself in the
same manner that Germany did in the mid-
dle thirties. For if a war occurs, and the
Western Powers appear to be proceeding
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
ad represent the views of the writers only.

n Fallacies

f I__ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _

on the assumption that one will, we should
be ready to step in and win.
Proponents of the 12-power Army seem
to discuss future war in very lackadaisical
terms, as if to say, if it happens so what.
We will fight, we will win and the world
will be ours. The recent report on the com-
parative power of the 12-nation army and
that of Russia sounded more like the line up
for an all star game than the aggregations
of destructive forces.
But what is left out of the picture is the
immediate effects of any modern war no
matter how short lived it may be. Not much
effort or imagination is needed to visualize
the destruction to human life and civiliza-
tion by scientific weapons. It will mean
more, however, than merely having to fill
bigger holes in the streets and in the ceme-
taries. The social and intellectual disinte-
gration that might accompany World War
III could send civilization back into a prim-
itive era.
* * * -
THE SECOND reason offered for forming
a 12-force army is that it sets a pattern
the future world unification. This type of
unification, however, is strictly a one sided
affair. Again everyone lines up either on
the right or on the left of the chalk line,
only this time they are carrying their "big
Should we even assume that the purpose
of the army is not war, we are still left with
its function as a coercive agent.
The attitude that "We're the big boys in
the neighborhood, play the game our way,"
might result in some immediate overt co-
operation but would also serve to further
internally antagonize the coerced nation.
How long the Western Powers can stay
one jump ahead of Russia in the muni-
tions and manpower race is dubious. By
placing our faith in such a short range
peace means as a threat, we leave for the
future a tenser situation than we are
faced with now. We will have two worlds,
two armies, both raring to let go.
The only ray of light in this divided world
is the burdened figure of United- Nations
Secretary-General Trygve Lie hustling from
capital to capital in an attempt to end the
cold war.
With the situation as it is now, it appears
that Lie's only chance of achieving peace
lies in a threat to this world from another
planet. Of course we should be careful be-
cause the planetary invaders might not be-
lieve in either democracy, monarchy or fas-
-Leonard Greenbaum


JOHN LESINSKI, Democratic repre-
sentative of Michigan's Sixteenth
Congressional District, who died yester-
day, has been known to all his associates
during his tenure in Congress as a fight-
ing champion of organized labor.
Lesinski has faithfully served his Con-
gressional District, largely inhabited by
industrial and motor car company work-
ers, for the past 18 years.
A quiet, unassuminghnan, Lesinski was
well liked by his colleagues in Congress.
He gained the respect of many for his
hard work in securing federal aid to
schools, more rights for labor and other
progressive movements.
Lesinski's death may be considered a
great loss to his Congressional District
and to his country.
-Ron Watts.
WASHINGTON - Any Speaker of the
House is a powerful figure. And Speak-
er Sam Rayburn is especially so in this
Administration because of President Tru-
man's reliance upon him to get as much
as possible of his program from a reluctant,
and often openly hostile, House of Repre-
The two men do not always see eye-to-
eye on issues, as, for example, on the Kerr
bill that was designed to exempt so-called
independent natural gas producers from
regulation by the Federal Power Commis-
sion. Speaker Rayburn, it may be recalled,
jammed this bill through the House in
final passage, with a margin of only two
votes, by a personal appeal rare to Speak-
ers. It passed the Senate also by a nar-
row margin. President Truman vetoed it
as contrary to consumer interests and
prevented it from becoming law.
The issues involved flared up again this
week, as an aftermath, when the Texas
Speaker went to the White House and de-
manded, point-blank, the immediate nomin-
ation for another six-year term to the FPC
of Nelson Lee Smith, its chairman until
this week, who had been for the Kerr bill
and whose reappointment is vigorously op-
posed by labor and consumer groups and by
a number of Senators who fought that
* * * I
ACCORDING to reports that got back to
the Capitol, there was a dramatic scene
in the President's office, during which, it
was said, Mr. Rayburn emphasized his de-
mands by thumping his fist on the Presi-
dent's desk and dropped a hint that the
President might jeopardize his program in
the House by not acceding to the Speaker's
Since the President vetoed the Kerr bill,
which was promoted by powerful oil inter-
ests that own a large share of the nation's
natural gas reserved in Texas, Oklahoma
and the Southwest, it proponents have
shifted their interest to the FPC which
regulates the natural gas industry and
have concentrated on efforts to keep Mr.
Smith, who shared their views, on the
commission which administers the Natural
Gas Act. Some of them previouly had in-
terceded with the President on behalf of
Mr. Smith, whose term expires June 22,
but Mr. Truman has delayed a decision.
Apparently Speaker Rayburn got restive
and decided on direct action.
Subsequently, the President, in carrying
out the part of the government reorganiza-

tion program affecting FPC, designated his
old friend, Mon C. Wallgren, former Senator
and former Governor of Washington, whom
he recently appointed to the commission, as
its chairman.
MR. WALLGREN is regarded as sympa-
thetic with the President's views on
utility regulation. However, his appoint-
ment, combined with Speaker Rayburn's
visit to the White House, aroused suspicion
among those who were against the Smith
reappointment. They interpreted the Wall-
gren choice as chairman as a gesture of
appeasement by the President that fore-
cast the Smith renomination, one of those
compromise maneuvers familiar in politics.
Consequently, they began to bring pres-
sure here and. there. Significantly, Wil-
liam Boyle Jr., chairman of the Demo-{
cratic National Committee, hurried to the
White House, purportedly on a mission to
prevent Mr. Smith's reappointment. Pre-
viously the party chairman had inter-f
ceded with the President to veto the Kerr'
bill, which had bloomed into quite a
political issue because of widespread pro-
test from natural gas consumers who
were fearful of increased prices. Among
those who voted against the measure were
a number of Republican Senators who
were beginning to exploit its passage by
a Democratic Congress, with Democrats
providing the margin. They did not over-
look, either, the fact that oil was involved
amd that nil interests are contributors to

"urn - You Don't Say!"
I. ilkdY
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any season are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


The Republican National Committee has
just finished. a highly confidential survey
of its chances to capture the Senate next
November. The survey is not too encourag
ing. It shows a sure net gain of one Senate
seat for the Republicans, though if a strong
trend develops for either party, the Repub-
licans could win seven new seats, or lose
that many.
The report was prepared by GOP scouts
who have been combing the grass roots.
Here are the highlights of what they found:
PENNSYLVANIA - Colorful progressive
GOP Governor Jim Duff is counted a sure
winner over Senate majority whip Francis
Myers, Democrat.
CONNECTICUT - The GOP will center
its fire on the old advertising team of Gov-
ernor Chet Bowles and Senator Bill Benton,
and thus hope also to rub out Senator
Brien McMahon, able Chairman of the
Congressional Joint Atomic Energy Com-
New Books at the Library .- .
Abrahams, Peter, Wild Conquest New
York, Harper & Brothers, 1950
Daley, Arthur, Times At Bat New York,
Random House, 1950
Eisenschiml, Otto, The Celebrated Case
of Fitz John Porter Indianapolis, The Bobbs-
Merrill Company,'Inc., 1950
Rose, Anna Perrott, Room For One More
Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1950
Simenon, Georges, The Snow Was Black,
New York, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1950 f
American Business
OUR ECONOMY in this country can re-
main healthy only if it continues to ex-
pand. Stop our growth and you start a de-
pression. Our outstanding business need
as far ahead as anyone can see is for an
ever-increasing number of customers and
for ever-broadening markets. The oppor-
tunity . to participate in industrial expan-
sion beyond our own borders is part of this
concept. The rest of the world can offer us
The self-interest of other peoples with
inadequate production is to increase the

mittee. However, they aren't too confident.
The Democrats have a strong team.
ILLINOIS - The Republicans are ready
to shell out a lot of dough in a major drive
to beat Senate majority leader Scott Lucas.'
The scouts think his opponent, ex-Rep. Ev-
erett Dirksen, has the edge.'
IDAHO - GOP scouts count on beating
Glen Taylor, Henry Wallace's old running
mate, but recently Taylor has been picking
up. The GOP committee expects to win
COLORADO - Witty Senator Eugene
Millikin, a Republican, is in bad shape. The
GOP organization has fallen apart and Mil-
likin has not devoted enough time to mend-
ing fences.
IOWA - Senator Bourke Hickenlooper,
Joe McCarthy's errand boy on the Tydings
committee, is unpppular with Republican
moderates who helped elect Democrat Sen-
ator Guy Gillette in 1948. He is branded
as pro-utility and anti-rural electrification.
INDIANA - Juke-box tycoon Senator
Homer Capehart probably will meet the
live-wire ex-U.S. Assistant Attorney Gen-
eral Alex Campbell, the man who convicted
Alger Hiss, Axis Sally anid Parnell Thomas.
Capehart is regarded as a certain loser.
WISCONSIN - The incumbent Republi-
can Senator, jovial Alexander Wiley, is in
for a tough fight.
OHIO - Taft, who is "Mr. Republican"
to most Americans, will get tremendous sup-
port from the entire party and is expected
to win.
MISSOURI - The Republicans will shoot
at Harry Truman by reopening the Kansas
City scandals. The defeat of Republican
Senator Forrest Donnell was considered
certain until the Binaggio-Gargotta mur-
ders. Now it isn't.
NEVADA - A 30-year alliance between
old guard Republicans and the Democratic
machine was finally broken by the new
GOP state chairman, Harold Stocker. Before
this shake-up, both party organizations
helped elect querulous, elderly Pat McCar-
ran ,Democrat. Anything can happen this
CALIFORNIA - Anything can happen
here also, the scouts report, in an election
where a variety of local issues and such
.t n r nc n l o Cn.- v.^." - . ".. .X "-

Garg Demise . .
To the Editor:
Aware that I hazard the re-
proaches of many, yet inflamed
with the desire that justice be
done, I boldly send forth a moan
of lamentation-the Garg is gone!
For reasons which undoubtedly
defy psychological explanation, I
felt a strong attachmentato the
little journal. I liked the witty lit-
tle scraps of humor which studded
its pages; the racy articles; the
cartoons that provoked an in-
ward chuckle; the bright, excit-
ing covers. I looked forward to
those Monday mornings when I
knew that I would be greeted by
a bevy of zealous vendors, plying
their trade with subtlety and
Truly the material holds reign
over all, for the Garg perished be-
cause it succumbed to the cardi-
nal sin in the creed of free en-
terprise-it didn't make any mon-
So ring the death knell: The
Garg is gone; The pages of Michi-
gan's history will henceforth be
just a little more sombre as a re-
-J. G. Degnan '51
* * *
Report from France .. .
Villa du Grand Pin
Notre Dame Limite
Marseille, France
May 23, 1950
To the Editor:
THE CITY of Aix-en-Provence.
near Marseille in France, is
similar to Ann/ Arbor in popula-
tion and in the fact that it is the
seat of a University. Last month
the city council, with Socialists,
Communists, and Moderate Re-
publicans present, voted unani-
mously to support the Stockholm
Appeal for the outlawing of the
Atomic Bo'mb. This action has
been duplicated in many cities
throughout France. It symbolizes
the growing sentiment for peace.
Only six years ago 6,000 French
citizens lost their lives in a thirty-
minute American bombing attack
on Nazi-Occupied Marseille. To
the survivors one cannot sell the
idea of a "good" A-bomb and a
"bad" A-bomb. They are convinc-
ed that the way to prevent atomic
death and destruction, and to re-
move the thought-paralyzing fear
of it, is to outlaw the bomb and
to judge as war criminals the
leaders of a nation first employ-
ing it. With atomic weapons out-
lawed and atomic control imposed
through the U.N. the door will be
open for further advances toward
world disarmament and a cessa-
tion of the Cold War.
There are in France citizens
who, within their lifetime, have
seen three wars with Germany.
France was the major battlefield
in destructive World War I. Dam-
age in the second World War was
even more severe. Continued war
preparations now are preventing
recovery and have sentenced the
French people to an even lower
'standard of living.
Because of these things French-
men of good will of all political

more than 7,060,000 votes last fall
for peace and against a govern-
ment policy which does not repre-
sent their interests. They hope
that those Americans who sin-
cerely desire peace will join them
in support of the Stockholm ap-
peal for outlawing the atomic
bomb. In view of the action by
the city councils of so many
French cities, a very fitting sub-
ject for a resolution by the city
council of Ann Arbor would be:
That the Atomic Bomb be out-
-Max and Virginia Dean
* * *
Consideration, . .
To the Editor:
WHILE riding along the streets
near the University one Sun-
day recently, some ideas occurred
to me which I want to express.
That Sunday was a beautiful day.
I was out early in the morning;
in fact, most people were still in
bed by the looks of the empty
streets. The sun was warm, cheer-
ful birds flitted about among some
blooming Judas trees in a large
plot of- bright green grass. A fra-
grant breeze was stirring. A cou-
ple walked hand in hand near this
scene. They seemed as happy as
the birds, and somehow their
friendship seemed to justify their
I moved on. "Their existence
was justified. Life is wonderful,"
I thought. I was moved by this
tranquility. But suddenly I saw
evidence that we seldom feel like
I did that morning. Someone had
broken down the signs suggesting
that we stay off the grass. There
were empty liquor bottles near the
street. A case of empty beer cans
had been thrown into a small bed
of tulips. "Somebody else could
pick 'em up," must have been the
attitudes of the throwers. Had I
more space I could go on in detail
but a brief account must suffice.
These things reminded me of
some daily views of the campus,
such as cigarette butts smeared on
lobby floors; cheating in tests;
people on the wrong side of the
stairs; others planted firmly in
the middle of a walk, holding a
conversation; fast moving bikes
and whizzers on campus walks;
and pedestrians who think that
they have a right to the street,
and thatvcarsand bikes ought to
get out of the way. There are
other little things that indicate
something wrong inside the per-
son doing them. When we are
handed a leaflet that we don't
like, what do we do with it? How
about Good Humor wrappers? Re-
member how the folks at home
blew up when someone hurt their
property? Don't we blow up when
we are on the receiving end? But
we haven't time to think. We're
putting our efforts into the ego, a
bank that's bound to crash. There
are some old cliches "Do unto
others . . ." "Love thy neighbor
as thyself." What if these are
laws? It just might be that man
will be judged sometime. What
then fellow students?
-I. T. Kaufman


religious persuasions


To the Editor:
THE CONTRACT recently sign-
ed by the UAW-CIO and Gen-
eral Motors Corporation marks a
significant development in labor-
management relations. Both the
terms of the contract itself and
the manner in which agreement
was reached are laudable achieve-
ments. Certainly the peaceful ne-
gotiation carried on with little
publicity at GM is in sharp con-
trast to the hundred day strike at
Chrysler, which proved so costly
to the Union and Chrysler dealers.
Some contend that the UAW
was financially incapable of
bringing greater pressure at GM,
that the Chrysler dispute left the
union weakened. However, both
parties, GM and the UAW, appear
to be quite satisfied with their
settlement. In- addition to in-
creased wage benefits, the union
gained a pension program more
liberal than either Chrysler or
Ford was willing to finance. And
GM can look forward to stability
of operation for the next five
Although the right to strike
hase been and should continue to
be a necessary weapon of unions
in reaching collective bargaining
agreements, it is to be hoped that
the UAW-GM settlement may
alert other leaders of both man-
agement and labor to the obvious
advantages of peaceful coopera-
-G. L. Baker, 150.
* * *
Faculty Grading ...
To the Editor:
junction with the present sys-
tem of faculty evaluation seems
worthy of at least some mention.
That is the rather logarithmic
scale of grading that the student
is given to use. We have, in equal
increments, four ways of saying
"good," but only one way of say-
ing "poor." It would seem more
reasonable that if there are grades
of superior, very good, good, and
fair, that there should also be
grades of so-so, not-so-hot, and
miserable, for example. Since the
poor student is graded on 'an ab-
solute scale why not make the
turn about complete? I'm sure
that there was no premeditation
in the preparation of this double
standard, yet under the present
scheme one is forced to resort to
astronomical figures in order to
indicate the antithesis of "super-
ior." For the next time, how about
unstacking the deck in favor of a
more consistent rating scale?
-Jeremy Gluck.
* * *
Seaway Center .. .
To the Editor:
ON BEHALF of myself and the
Saint Lawrence Seaway Re-
search Center, I should like to
protest The Daily's obviously
biased caption, "Letters to the Ed-
itor," in last Saturday's Daily (2
Feb. '49). It is this sort of insidi-
ous editorializing which prevents
the sticky cement of friendship
from crystallizing the two great
brother Nations into one amor-
phous mass.
Those aren't "letters," and
those aren'teditors, and that isn't
a "daily," either - it only comes
out six days a week. The damage
to the Seaway is irreparable, but
an apology will fix it up.
-Harold T. Walsh,

and 246 other members
*f -the St. L. S. R. C.
(EDITOR'S NOTE-The Seaway got
its luckiest break of the century on
2 Feb. '9w did not pubilish. In
calling :ourselves a "daily" we are
obviously guilty of sacrificing ac-
curacy to convenience. Dubbing
some 20 staff members "editors" is
simply a: device to separate the
sheep from the letter writers.)
* * *
Farrow Again.. .
To the Editor:
IN HIS review of "The Lady Eve,"
your movie critic speaks pa-
tronizingly of "the bad girl turn-
ed good" and "the card sharp gam-
bler with a heart of gold." How
can he fall to be delighted by such
verisimilitude? One need look no
farther than the Michigan cam-
pus to find corroboration of the
dual nature of things. In this
select student body we find such
evidence of beauty and nobility as:
1. Chattering in libraries, study
halls, classrooms, and movie au-
2. Feet on the backs of other
peoples chairs (not to mention
Idining room tables and book
3. Prejudice (letters of protest
to the Daily were numerous, but

they came from averysmall per-
centage of the student body) '
,4. Hogging the sidewalk.
5. Whistling.
6. Delight in ridiculing (I May
be arbitrary, but I make a dis-
tinction between gratuitous re-
marks at the movies and in your
columns, and my defense of those
who are attacked).
7. Careless spitting,
8. Conceit.
9. Myself.
-Martin Farrow
(EDITOR'S NOTE-Mr. Farrow is
Invited to try his hand by review-
ing the State Theatre this Thurs
S* * *
Michigras Receipts..
To the Editor:
ON APRIL 21 and 22 a great
many people saw and enjoyed
the Michigras at Yost Field House.
Most of the people didn't realize
the amount of work required to
produce one of the many booths
that made up the midway. This
work involves weeks of planning,
building, painting and eventually
the actual operation of the booth.
If the value of this work could
be computed, it would represent
quite a contribution to the cause.
However, this contribution does.
n't seem to be enough for, the
profit-happy Michigras Commit-
tee. This committee not only wants
the group to plan, build, and oper-
ate its booth, they also 'want the
group to assume the lion's share
of any financial losses incurred.
In operating like this, the com-
mittee assumes four things that
are basically wrong:
1. That a group can look t a
plan and predict closely the total
cost of production and operation of
the plan.
2. That a group can decide on
any maximum cost without know-
ing the portion of the total al-
lowed reimbursement it will re-
ceive to cover expenses. This is
based on the unknown, gae re-
ceipts of all of the booths.
3. That the booths that earn
the most money cost the most to
4. That every booth must con-
tribute financially to .the success
of the Michigras to be of any real
To overcome some of these dif-
ficulties I suggest.
1. That the reimbursement al-
lowance be increased to a more
reasonable figure.
2. That the reimbursement al-
lowance be equally divided be-
tween the participating groups,
with the provision that no group
be reimbursed for more than its
3. That each group be notified
what the maximum share, will-be.
4. That each group submit an
itemized statement to the coll-
mittee after the Michigras so that
the extent of the reimburseinent
may be determined.
With such a system the group
would have no grounds for corn.
plaint if it exceeded the limit
of reimbursement. Also with less
financial pressure, I believe the
quality, variety, and originalit
of the booths would improve.,-
-Paul B. Hoke












Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editor
Al Biumrosen............. ,.City Editor
Philip"Dawson......Editorial Director
Don McNeil..............Feature Editor
Mary Stein ............Associate Editor
Jo., Misner............. Associate Editor
George Walker........Associate Editor
Wally Barth.......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.......Sports Co-Editor:
Merle Levin...........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.....Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach......Women's Editor
Barbara Smith.. Associate. Womien's' Rd.
Business Staff.
Roger wellington. Business Manager
Dee Nelson, Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangi.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff....... Finance Manager,
Bob Daniels.......Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
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ThedAssociated Press is excluively
entitled to the use 'for republication
of all news dispatches cerdited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters hereinare also reserved.
Entered at the Post- Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.





[ But, Mr. O'Malley- IThey'll think better--
savs the've :t ,v .. i,, ., -

[The superiority of my plan is evident
_. . , _ _ I .. :_ _ -. .. , , _ _..


On that obsolete route the Highway I
n .. -ss n - W -,A- v-. 11.4 {iw . I

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