- THt MICHIGAN DAILY
THERE HAS BEEN a lot of loose talk about
the Michigan Memorial-Phoenix Pro-
ject. On one hand many around campus
have said that the Project seems to have
fizzled out, as they seldom hear any re-
ports of it. Others complain that the under-
taking must amount to nothing more than
idealistic dreaming, as all they ever hear
about it are stories of its origin and pur-
But b Rh of these groups are very
wrong. The Phoenix Project was estab-
lished to be a living memorial to the Uni-
versity's war dead, and that is exactly
what it has turned out to be. It is living
and working now.
To date the Phoenix Project has given
grants totaling some $35,000 for research on
peaceful uses of atomic energy. In addition
departments and schools in the University
have requested funds for expanded research
activities when the project has collected ade-
The series of articles which begins in
today's Daily will outline these proposed re-
search programs in the various departments.
It will attempt to explain exactly how the
Phoenix Project will work with its funds.
It is unfortunate, however, that such a
series must be aimed at bolstering up faith
in the Memorial in addition to its purely
President Ruthven has called the Phoenix
Project the biggest thing in the University's
history. In truth, peaceful use of the atom
can be the biggest thing in man's existence.
Already proper use of atomic energy has
saved more human lives than it has des-1
troyed. It would seem that mere announce-
ment of the Phoenix Project would keep
faith burning in anyone who has something
to do with the Memorial.
As it is, interest apparently must be
kept alive with the new and the startling.
During the national fund raising drive in
the fall University people will not be given
a chance to forget the Memorial. They will
be kept informed of its every move.
Now it is mostly in the planning stage,
and will be for a time after the drive dies
down. But if the Project is to be a success
in the long run it will require a constant sup-
port from University students, faculty and
alumni - support founded on faith in the
Project's ability to meet its aims.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DON McNEIL
E VENTS OF INTEREST AROUND CAM-
BORN YESTERDAY, Garson Kanin's po-
lemical comedy about a junk dealer whose
financial shenanigans are thwarted .by his
"dumb blonde" mistress and a bright young
New Republic writer. Second presentation of
the Ann Arbor Drama Season. Today at Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.
DEVIL IN THE FLESH, concerning two
unremarkable adolescent lovers who are un-
able to contend with the conventional cen-
sure of middle-class morals. An unpreten-
tious and delicate handling of young people,
only half-prepared for life, rushing headlong
into love. At 8 p.m. today in Hill Auditor-
A WOMAN OF DISTINCTION is a dis-
appointment all the way around. It stars
Rosalind Russell as the dean of a women's
college and Ray Milland as a British lec-
turer, but the film alternates between slap-
stick and tedium. Today at the Michigan.
* * *
GUILTY OF TREASON turns every avail-
able technique in the book to the task of
scaring hell out of us concerning the already
obvious danger of Communism. The picture
probably has a percentage of truth in it
about Russian methods, but when you see
it keep on the alert for attempts to over-
convince. Today at the State.
* * *
LADY EVE. "Mother Eve had nothing on
her," the ads say But see review on this
page.'Today and tomorrow at the Orpheum.
THREE CAME HOME, Tomorrow at the
* * *
DAUGHTER OF ROSIE O'GRADY. To-
morrow at the Michigan.
* J* *
BLUEBOOK BALL. Tonight at the Union.
THOMAS L. STOKES:
I DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIJ
WASHINGTON. - To anyone who watch-
ed Congress for many years and ob-
served its relations with Presidents, it is
somewhat of a miracle that President Tru-
man won Congressional approval for 16
of the 21 plans thus far submitted for the
reorganization of the executive branch of
That was the record when the 60-day
deadline allowed for Congressional veto
under the Reorganization Act expired the
WHEN somebody says that he once heard
somebody else say that an employee in
the federal government had a brother who
at one time had a roommate who was al-
leged to be a Communist, the Senate or the
House is quick to subpoena everybody con-
cerned in an attempt to pin down the facts.
If a witness refuses to answer questions, he
is cited for contempt.
But when the House Labor Committee
planned to inquire into whether John L.
Lewis gave secret signals for his miners to
disobey his back-to-work order last Feb-
ruary, the chairman of the committee,
Representative John Lesinslii (D., Mich.),
took away its authority to subpena Lewis
and other witnesses.
Therefore, the facts of last winter's coal
strike may never be known. Therefore, when
a similar situation occurs again - as it will
- Lewis has a tailor-made strategy for
nullifying the power of a court to end a
strike endangering the national welfare.
Therefore, the same strategy will be adopt-
ed by other labor leaders.
"Plain political cowardice!" cried Repre-
sentative Jacobs (D., Ind.) of Lesinski's ac-
tion. It is not plain. It is fancy. But we'll bet
Lesinski is as brave as a wolverine when it
comes to Communists.
-St. Louis Star Times
At The Orpheum ..
THE LADY EVE, written and directed
by Preston Sturges and starring Henry
Fonda, Barbara Stanwyck, Charles Co-
burn, Wililam Demarest, and Eugene Pal-
A HIT comedy in its day, "The Lady Eve,"
through its re-release, graphically points
out the effects on public taste from an over-
dose of formula movies.
With perfect casting the picture is built
on the unstable pillars of stereotyped
characters. We have the "nouveau riche,"
the clean cut inexperienced scholar, the
bad girl turned good, the card shark gam-
bler with a heart of gold and on and on.
The plot concerns itself with the love
pangs of "Hopsy" Pike (Fonda), the heir to
the fortune of "Pike's Ale, the Ale that
won for Yale." Hopsy, returning from a
snake hunting expedition in South America,
is ensnared by a father-daughter duo of
professional gamblers (Coburn and Stan-
wyck). Barbara falls in love with "Hopsy"
while setting him up for the pig killing but
the untimely revelation of her profession
wrecks the romance. She pursues him in the
role of an English noble woman, marries
him, and then tortures him into suing for
divorce by relating a series of prefabricated
and sordid love affairs. A passionate re-
union is finally achieved on an ocean liner
as they rush off to the stateroom.
Using the age-old comic situation of
disguised identity, the picture turns into
a romanticized comedy. The love dialogue,
written in a pseudo-poetic style, is de-
livered with such seriousness, - scenic
background and mood music to match -
that one is not sure whether he should
laugh or sigh. This is symptomatic of
the failure of the picture. When it at-
tempts to be humorous it is pure slap-
stick and when it attempts to be serious
it is ludicrous.
Though the picture has become trite with
age it still has the overall effect of pleasant
diversion. The acting is good, and the situ-
ations presented are the ones so many of us
dream of so often: rich man pursued by
woman, woman successfully pursuing rich
man, and a card shark that can deal him-
self five aces at will.
middle of this week. And some of the pro-
posals adopted have long been controver-
sial and have failed to stand previously.
President Truman has submitted several
other segments of the comprehensive, over-
all reorganization plan prepared under the
commission headed by Herbert Hoover, the
fate of which will not be known until the
60-day deadline runs out on them some
But what has been done already is quite
an achievement, both for efficiency in a
government and ultimately, it is expected,
in savings to the taxpayer through removal
of overlapping and duplication.
* * *
PRESIDENT TRUMAN'S experience with
his reorganization program has been in
sharp contrast to that of his predecessor.
When Franklin D. Roosevelt submitted a
government reorganization plan it came at
the height of the emotional fever over his
New Deal social and economic welfare pro-
gram. Foes of the New Deal, looking for a
target, seized upon the reorganization pro-
gram and accused Mr. Roosevelt of seeking
through it to become a "dictator." It was
one of the most reckless and baseless on-
slaughts ever made upon a President. That
was perfectly clear to anyone here who knew
anything about government and government
procedures, but nevertheless most of his pro-
gram was lost in that hysterical frenzy.
President Truman's venture has been
more successful for two reasons.
One was his enlistment of Herbert Hoover,
ex-President and Republican elder states-
man, as the chief architect of government
reorganization. That attracted Republican
support from the outset. Chief responsibility
became Mr. Hoover's and his own intimate
knowledge of government served to inspire
confidence in the recommendations that
came out of his commission after thorough
and exhaustive study. He won wide public
support, including that of many influential
THE DIFFICULTIES encountered despite
that indicate the troubled course always
encountered by government reorganization
schemes. This is due partly to the fact that
members of Congress have their own ideas
about government departments and agen-
cies and how they should function - many
of them have their own "pets" among them
- and to the fact that government depart-
ments and bureaus, themselves, naturally
become active with their friends in Congress
against any change which impinges on their
prerogatives. The latter comprise a very
effective lobby on their own behalf, as Mr.
Hoover discovered and said so publicly.
Government reorganization programs
have been brought forward periodically.
Mr. Hoover, himself, as Secretary of Com-
merce in the early Twenties, was active in
formulating one of the earlier ones as
member of a joint commission including
members of Congress. It got nowhere. He
also initiated a program of his own when
President, which made little headway.
A second reason why Mr. Truman has
made considerable headway goes to his own
philosophy of government operation which
fits in with the view held generally in Con-
gress. As President he has done much to
restore Cabinet government, delegating res-
ponsibility to his department and agency
heads. He relies upon them to handle their
own jurisdictions rather than gathering au-
thority into his own hands, which is the
natural tendency of strong Presidents, such
as his predecessor and a few others in our
history who always provoked antagonism in
Congress for that reason. One aim of th~e
current reorganization program is to chan-
nel the line of command from the White
House down through departments and agen-
cies in a precise and well-defined way, which
comports with Harry Truman's idea of gov-
Fear of Finals
IN MANY COURSES students find them-
selves confronted with a final exam which
will determine over 50 percent of the final
grade. This often results in an unnecssary
fear, since little depends on the actual work
a student does throughout the semester, and
much depends on three hours in a stuffy
room and a few nights of cramming.
Finals are a good method for sum-
marizing courses and organizing the se-
mester's work, but in many courses they
are also used as the major factor in.the
determining of final grades.
Publication in The Daily Officialing; thesis: "Pre-ignition in Gas
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices Switching Tubes and Related Rec-
for the Bulletin should be sent in tifier Burnout Problems," Sat.,
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 2552 May 27, 2511 E. Engineering Bldg.,
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m. 9 a.m. Chairman, L. N. Holland.
onthe day preceding publication
" THIS'LL SHow EM."
/etteP/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all lettersrwhich are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, -defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Daily Policy . ..
To the Editor:
THIS IS in a very real sense a
letter to the Editors. We sub-
mit far your careful analysis your
statement of policy with regard
to printing letters in The Daily.
"The Daily welcomes commu-
nications from its readers on mat-
ters of general interest, and will
publish all letters which are sign-
ed by the writer and in good taste.
Letters exceeding 300 words in
length, defamatory or libelous let-
ters, and letters which for any
reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited or withheld
from publication at the discre-
tion of the editors."
That is your policy. In it you
establish, and it is well that you
do, that material which meets the
public eye should conform to cer-
tain criteria, certain standards of
decency. You, because someone
must, set limits upon freedom of
expression and distinguish be-
tween liberty and license. You
therefore determine, in a limited
way, what people shall see and
what they shall not see.
Unfortunately, the producers
and distributors of American mo-
vies do not always exercise sucli
commendable discretion with re-
gard to the subject matter of
films. This was particularly true
of the producers and distributors
of the obnoxious racist film, Birth
of a Nation. Yet, the Daily Senior
Editors militantly demanded that
this int vie, the contet of whic'
would be sufficient to dIsquaiify it
from being printed in te Letters
to the Editor column Jf it were
written material, be shown on
You have accused members of
the student-faculty protest group
of being, among other things, "in-
consitent." On this point of con-
sistency we should like to pose the
following question. Is it consistent
to establish and to abide by a pol-
icy restricting the publication of
defamatory and libelous letters
and at the same time advocate the
showing of a movie which insults,
defames, slanders and attempts to
"create a feeling of abhorrence in
white people toward colored men."
As enthusiastic readers of the
Letters to the Editor, we are very
much aware of the fact that racist
ideology has not been allowed to
permeate these columns. We are
also aware of the fact that Com-
munist viewpoints have been print-
ed. Is this accidental, or is it the
result of your correct recognition
of the distinction between a noli-
tical, economic and social philo-
sophy and an attack aimed t a
particular racial or religious
We should like to point out that
it ishparticularly inappropriate
that the Senior Editors should ac-
cuse the student-faculty commit-
tee of inconsistency.
"How canst thou say to thy
brother, 'Brother, let me strike
the mote from thine eye,' when
thou canst not see the beam that
is in thine own eye?"
-Tom Beyers, Vice Chair-
* Committee to Protest the
Showing of "Birth of a Nation."
Brannan Plan . .
To the ditors:
WITH REFERENCE to Jim
' Schutz's letter in yesterday's
Daily, I wish to commentrbriefly.
He says, "about the only real ob-
jection to the plan (Brannan
Farm Plan) is that many persons
would be better fed;" and con-
cludes with the promising state-
ment "All in all the plan looks
pretty good." While there is some
truth in these statements, I don't
belive they take cognizance of the
The primary objection to this
plan and the previous farm plans
of the administration is: not one
feature of any of these programs
attempts to solve the basic farm
problem: too great a supply for
the demand, further complicated
by the inelastic long run demand
for farm products. To intelligently
solve the farm problem the gov-
ernment must prepare a realistic
long run program to induce farm-
ers to leave the profession and en-
ter other fields where their ser-
vices are more needed.
The Brannan Plan not only
I self-perpetuates the present mal-
adjusted supply-demand situation
but provides for the payment of
exhorbitant subsidies out of tax
money. Since the products can
be dumped on the market for
anything they will bring, the gov-
ernment will pay the difference
between this price and the pari-
ty price calculated on a 1939-49
price base - the highest in the
history of the United States both
in money and real terms.
While it may be necessary to
subsidize farm products while we
are in a transition period, the
essential problem is to- adjust de-
mand and supply by inducing
farmers to abandon farming and
enter other professions. The Bran-
nan Plan is, indeed, a poor method
of effecting the solution to the
-Edward Lindsley '51
Education . .
To the Editor:
Does education exist at Michi-
gan? If the primary function of
education is to prepare the stu-
dent for future education, as Dew-
ey asserts; the answer is not clear.
The Class of 1950 is now well-
browned and ready to be with-
drawn from the oven; how much
future intellectual basting are
they equipped to receive? If they
follow in the wake of previous
classes, the answer is very little.
Available data indicates that
outside the circle of family and
friends, extra-occupational cul-
tivation rarely rises above the lev-
el of Time and Esquire.
The student is the actor rather
than the producer of his own tra-
gedy. In part he is a product of
an educational system grown
hidebound, rigid, bureaucratic,
and provincial. Dean Harry J.
Carman of Columbia struck the
right note when he stated that
too few college faculty members
know how to teach..Reflecting on
his 34 years in college faculties,
he observed that "college staffs
are weighted with dull and rou-
If this University desires to
educate, as I think it does, it must
strive for increased inter-depart-
(11:VU a.m. aturdas).
SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 165 -
The General Library and all the
Divisional Libraries will be closed
Tues. May 30, Memorial Day, a
Hopwood Contests: All students
who have won prizes in the Hop-
wood contests this spring will be
notified before noon on May 31.
Mens' Glee Club Award Fund.
Applications will be accepted un-
til June 1 for financial aid awards
from the Men's Glee Club Award
Fund.'All male students on cam-
pus are eligible for this award. It
is based upon need and participa-
tion in:any extra-curricular activi-
ties. Interested prsons must sub-
mit a letter before June 1 to W. B.
Rea, 1020 Administration Building,
giving their qualifications and
Union Life membership cards
may be picked up at the Union
Business Office. Eight semesters
at the University are necessary for
Orientation Group Leaders: Will
the Orientation Group Leaders for
Women's Groups, who attended
the Orientation Meeting on May
16, come to the Social Director's
Office and fill out the cards that
we neglected to bring to that
Final Examination for Dr. Alli-
son Davis' Sociology 162: Tues.,
June 6, from 9 a.m. to 12 noon,
Rm. C, Haven Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Jer-
ome Wiesner, Electrical Engineer-
mental integration as well as in-
tra-departmental integration be-
tween student and professor. Pro-
gress in this direction could be
made if a new president could be
found, a younger man, possessing
enough imagination to leave pa-
per work to the dukes, counts, and
ladies in waiting who inhabit the
State Street Palace, while he
moves unobtrusively into class-
rooms and laboratories to arouse
well-meaning but dreary profes-
sors to the implications of their
* * *
Music Criticism .. .
To the Editor:
BEING ardently enthusiastic
about music of all times, I
may be overly critical when I
sense certain reservations in Har-
vey -Gross' review of last Sunday's
"Collegium Musicum" program.
However, although he is obvious-
ly for the aims of the "Collegium,"
his phrasing at one point seems
to give a false impression. "The
music performed Sunday night,
however, was not merely of his-
toric interest . . . " suggests that
there- are times when portions of
the programs presented by the
"Collegium" are only that. I have
never_ heard such programs. The
power, vitality, and sensitivity of
the best Western music from the
beginning of Christian times to
the present becomes readily ap-
parent to anyone who is willing
to spend the time and to listen
with an open mind to music of
all times and in all media.
One other bone of contention
concerns the physical conditions
under which the program was
presented. Mr. Gross seems to
neglect these when he says of
Vecchi's "L'Ampfiparnasso" that
"the polyphonic noture of the
madrigal effectively smothers the
words so that it becomes impos-
sible to follow the dramatic ac-
tion." Also, when speaking of
the Tudor Singers, he says that
"if anything, they were t o o
smooth, and an expressive rough-
ness here and there might have
given more variety to the perf or-
mance."It is practically impos-
sible to give a reasonable evalua-
tion of these points using Sun-
day night's performance as the
sole basis for judgement, as the
room resonance was rather ex-
cessive, and hence effectively ob-
scured both the polyphonic lines
and any possible roughness in ex-
pression which may have oc-
As for the rest of Mr. Gross'
comments, may I add a fervent
Doctoral Examination for Harry
Raphael Gafvin, English Lang.&
Lit.; thesis: "Gertrude Stein: A
Study of Her Theory and Prac-
tice," Sat.,- May 27, West Council,
Room, Rackham Bldg., 10 a.m.
Chairman, A. L. Bader.
Doctoral Examination for Rich-
ard Grayson Fleddermann, Aero-
nautical Engineering; thesis: "The
Influences of Turbulence upon the
Rate of Evaporation of Dynamic
Spray," Sat., May 27, 1508 E. Engi-
neering Bldg., 4 p.m. Chairman,
A. M. Kuethe.
Doctoral Examination for Wil-
linda Hortense Savage, Education;
thesis: "The Evolution of John
Dewey's Philosophy of Experimen-
talism as Developed at the Uni-
versity of Michigan," Mon., May
29, South Alcove of Men's Lounge,
Rackham Bldg., 4 p.m. Chairman,
W. C. Trow.
Group: Lane Hall, 12:15 p.m.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Annual Awards Tea, 4 p.m.
Inter-Arts Union: Meeting, 1 p-
m., 500 BMT.
Naval Research Reserve: Mon.,
May 29, 7:30 p.m., 18 Angell Hall.
Dr. James C. Peskin; "Factors
which Determine the Visual Pro-
cess." All naval reserve officers
and enlisted personnel engaged in
advanced work in the sciences and
engineering are eligible for mem-
bership in the Research Reserve.
Interested reservists (including
Waves) are invited to attend a
regular meeting of the Unit to dis-
cuss membership application with
the Executive Officer.
Hostel Club: Tues., May 30,
Family Hike to Pony Farm. Meet
at John Amnous homein Pitts-
field Village at 11 a.m. with lunch,
camera, sketch pad, and comfort-
able walking shoes to hike to river
for picnic lunch and then to visit
Prof. Frank Smith's farm on Hogs-
back Road. Call John, 250075, by
Mon., May 29.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation
Annual United Jewish Appeal Car-
nival at the- Foundation Sunday
evening 7-10 p.m. Everyone invit-
All Generation staff members
may check the sales schedule in
Mr. Felheim's office from 2 to 4
p.m., Mon., May 29. Publication
day is Wed., June 1.'
Phi Sigma Picnic: Sun., May 28,
2-9 p.m. at the Fresh Air Camp.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff............Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen............. City Editor
Philip Dawson........Editorial Director
Don McNeil..............Feature Editor
Mary Stein......... Associate Editor
Jo Misner...........Associate Editor
George walker..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes......Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin..........S.Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goez.... Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith.. Associate Women's Ed.
Dee Nelson, Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangi........Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff ....... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels.......Circulation Manager
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mail
Subscription during regular school
year by carrier. $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
IT SO HAPPENS
" Evaluation Quips
ONE OF our favorite Geography profes-
sors gave a little speech the other day
just before handing out the faculty eval-
"I'm going to appoint two monitors," he
said, "to take complete charge of distribu-
ting, collecting and delivering these to the
This is the lazy man's way through a
course, the only prerequisite being the ability
to cram and retain the facts for just the
examination. It also means that students
who have two or three exams in a row are
put at a decided disadvantage, by having
less time to cram.
The Engineering Council's proposals for
a "dead week" and optional exemption from
finals are just beating around the main
problem of the fear which accompanies fi-
Having the week before finals free from
bluebooks and outside papers gives the
student who does not have the ability to
crm.aloertie o rz.ie hese
Think what the new O'Malley Express
Highway will mean to all the Pixies! I fY;-5
Du don't think your Fairy
ould overlook this chance ( 1