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May 14, 1950 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-05-14

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY 8UNDAY,

The Irannan Plan

THOMAS L. STOKES:

JNDER THE TERMS of the Brannan Plan,
farm commodities are allowed to find
heir natural price level on the open market.
The farm income remains adequate since
;he government pays the farmer a direct
subsidy which makes up the difference
between the market price and the support
area or parity price.
One of the mistaken assumptions in the
rannan Plan lies in the fact that what the
msumer pays for his food at the present
me is not as much a matter of how much
ie farmer gets for his produce as what the
rocessing and marketing agents get from it.
If the farmer received 1/2 his present profit
a a loaf of bread, the consumer would save
ne cent on the loaf. If the farmer received
' his present profit on wool, a $50 suit would
'ill cost $47.
Hence the problem of surpluses will not be
)lved with the Brannan Plan since it brings
o real saving to the individual consumer.
And for a consumer saving of a few dol-
lars each year, Secretary of Agriculture
Brannan would ask an increase in the
national debt and dictatorial powers for
iimself.
Secretary Brannan's proposal states that
ach farmer's acreage quota is to be "de-
ermined and specified by the Secretary."
the farmer is dissatisfied with his quota,
e may apply to have his quota reviewed "by
local review committee composed of three
armers" appointed by the Secretary himself.
If the farmer disagrees with the review
ommittee's decision, he can take it to the
ourts where the facts bearing on the case
ditorials published in The Michigan Daily
re written by members of The Daily staff
nd.represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN DAVIES

will be determined by that same review
committee which was appointed by the Sec-
retary.
Even if the farmer finally secures a favor-
able verdict, "the marketing quotas for
other farms shall not be affected." This
means that in case of any dissatisfaction
each farmer must individually take his case
to court.
Farmers that dare to market any com-
modity in excess of the farm quota receive
stiff penalties.
In order to control and watch the farmers
as carefully as the Brannan Plan would
suggest, the Agricultural Department may
have to spend as much on a police force as it
will have to pay the farmers to keep up the
farm income.
Despite the farm control and expense that
the Brannan Plan would bring about with-
out lowering the surplus much, the plan
might be worth a try if it could alleviate the
real agricultural problems facing the nation.
But the Brannan Plan, like present farm
legislation, does not give the farmer any
real reason to change his production from
an overabundant commodity to more
needed products. Under the Brannan Plan
farmers still have almost every incentive
to go on planting and growing all the
potatoes, wheat, cotton and corn they can.
The government will furnish a market.
The acreage restrictions which supposedly
take care of this problem are outdated. With
today's progressive farming it merely means
that farmers will produce a greater per-acre
yield.
Other features in the Brannan Plan are
equally fallacious. A program both fair and
practical for farmers and consumers alike
should be worked out.
"Lower prices with Secretary Brannan" is
a good campaign slogan. But under its
smooth-looking surface, the Brannan Plan
actually makes no substantial improvements.
-Leah Marks

I

ON THE

Washington Merry Go-Round
WITH DREW PEA4RSON

WASHINGTON-Secretary of State Ache-
son is now on the most important dip-
lomatic mission of his life. 'Upon its outcome
depends whether Europe will begin working
in earnest to build up its defense against
Prussia or will look for an excuse to let the
North Atlantic Pact fall apart.
Yet the Secretary of State arrived in
France a weary, frustrated, and almost beat-
en man.,
Much of this undoubtedly was due to the
incessant pounding he has received from
Senator McCarthy. Whatever the reason,
Acleson has seemed not only exhausted, but
overwhelmed by the problems he faced and
with no new ideas for meeting the future.
To a group of friends not long before he
departed, he. gave this discouraging sum-
mary of the world situation:
GERMANY-We have no real policy and
live from day to day. We may expect any-
thing short of war in the expected Comb
mu'nist putsch on Berlin in May. However,
the Russians will not catch us off guard.:
General Taylor has been instructed to turn
back the demonstrators 'with fire hose, tear
gas and then, if necessary, bullets.
YUGOSLAVIA-Marshal Tito is most dif-
ficult to handle. He is skittish about being
identified with the west and proudly asserts
he, not Stalin, is the true Communist. Tito
continues to stir up trouble against Italy
over Trieste.
IRAN-Iran should be a pillar of anti-

Communism in the near east, but poverty
and corruption make it an easy target for
our enemies. It is difficult to understand
what has happened to the Shah in receflt,
months. He appears to have lost control of
his government, and, in the face of this sit-
uation, a dangerous condition is almost cer-
tain to develop.
INDO-CHINA-The French are being
shortsighted in not handing over more au-
thority and prestige to Emperor Bao Dai. ie
can never get a popular following large
enough to overcome the Communist, Ho Chi
Minh, until he can prove he is not a French,
puppet. The French ought to turn over to
him the*palace at Saigon as a symbol of
authority.
THE PHILIPPINES-There has been A'
shocking derterioration in the strength of the
Philippine government in the last few
months. Today, the government is unable to
maintain order even on the outskirts of
Manila. The Huks (Hukbalahaps) are oper-
ating in the very shadow of the presidential
palace. Graft and corruption are rampant.
Of the two billion dollars granted the Philip-
pines since the war, but 125 million remain.
A total collapse of the entire Philippine ad-
ministration is possible within the near fu-
ture. The situation is so unstable that Presi-
dent Quirino has fled Manila and is living
in Baguio.
KOREA-Not as unstable as the Philip-
pines but still very far from political health.
There is a danger that the Korean regime
may not be able to weather th storm. a
GREECE-We were happy about the
whole Greek situation until just recently,
when King Paul decided the time was ripe
for him to take over the' government. Now
things ar going downhill.
THE UNITED NATIONS-The UN is not
an effective instrument in waging the cold
war. In addition to the obvious problems we
have with Russia, we have the more recent
and almost equally serious problem of the
increasing division of the western powers--
such as the Anglo-American split over recog-
nition of China, the difficulty in making
plans with the shaky British and French
governments. As a result the western coali-
tion today is very, very weak.
When a friend asked why the State De-
partment didn't give the UN some ideas for
saving the peace, Acheson wearily replied:
"Perhaps it's because we don't have any."
The Secretary of State concluded his re-
marks by saying that the fact that the Mar-
shall Plan officially ends in 1952 does nor
m'ean we can halt economic aid or retird
back into isolation.
"The world," he said, "is very much with
us, whether we like it or not."
NOTE-Secretary Acheson's diagnosis of
the world coincides with that of the National
Defense Agencies. But Acheson, perhaps be-
cause of the pounding he has taken in the
Senate, seems a little wearier than they.
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)

The UN Crisis
WASHINGTON - Perhaps the most im-
portant single issue before the people
of our country and the world today is the
saving of the international organization in
which they put so much faith as a means of
meeting together, discussing common prob-
lems, communicating with one another and,
through joint effort, keeping the peace.
The United Nations has, in point of fact,
come to a crisis. That crisis, if property
recognized, can be the beginning of a new
effort' to revive its influence and, ulti-
mately, to reorganize and rebuild it.' If
we fail to recognize the emergency, the
U.N. can slowly deteriorate, lose its pres-
tige and go the way of the League of
Nations that was created hopefully for
similar purpose after the first World War.
We did not enter the League of Nations
which was, in the end, perhaps a major
reason for its failure. Our great power was
needed to make it really effective. We are
not only in the United Nations. It was
created here, at San Francisco in 1945, and
its headquarters are in our country.
PESSIMISM ABOUT the United Nations
recently has been dramatized by the sug-
gestion of Herbert Hoover that it be reor-
ganized without Russia. Mr. Hoover's dis-
illusion was provoked by Russia's unco-oper-
ative attitude generally and her current boy-
cott of U.N. agencies because Nationalist
China has not been replaced on the Security
Council by Communist China. His position,
while understandable, is regrettable and
surely does accord with our responsibility in
the world and the natural buoyancy and
determination of our people, pioneers by
instinct.
His proposal brought immediate dissent.
from President Truman and Warren Aus-
tin, our U.N. Security Council representa-
tive, former Republican Senator from
Vermont.
Optimism about the future of U.N. and a
determination to make it work were symbol-
ized, in contrast to Mr. Hoover, by Trygve
Lie, its Secretary General, who is going this
week to Moscow, after conferences with our
government and those of Britain and France,
in an effort to open the way for Russia's
return to full partnership in U.N. It may'
take time.Mr. Lie sees the U.N. as the only
agency through which the cold war can be
ended and a hot war prevented It is his
faith that truly represents that of the peo-
ple of the world.
The U.N. has been unable to handle the
major problems which harass the world,
which are the problems between'us and Rus-
sia-such as international control of atomic
energy and its war weapon, the bomb; dis-
armament, including that and other wea-
pons; establishment of a world police force
and the like, all original objectives of U.N.
But with patience we may work toward
some settlement there and the U.N. then can
carry forward, intact. If broken up now, it
won't be available to function.
*k * *
A T THIS TIME, however, day by day,
without much publicity and fanfare, the
U.N. is doing business today. These are basic
things, having to do with increasing the
world's food resources, so everybody can get
enough to eat; feeding starving children in
devastated lands and caring for them; re-
settling war refugees; promoting health,
education, conservation of resources; pro-
viding funds for rehabilitation and stabiliz-
ing currencies; removing trade and tariff
barriers, so that nations can trade with one
another; promoting understanding and good

will through exchange of information and
culture.
These activities are all designed to re-
move the reasons for wars and aggression
and when carried on in common programs
beyond national boundaries by nations co-
operating with each other they bring peo-
ple closer together.
They are carried on by what are called the
specialized agencies of U.N., most of them
organized as auxiliaries to the Social and
Economic Council, itself one of the principal
organs of U.N., and are comparable to spe-
cial commissions and agencies of our own
Federal government. Most important, they
penetrate in many instances behind the
Iron Curtain and rise above current political
differences in their humanitarian objectives.
To curtail them would be a tragedy for the,
world.
Because of their importance, and the im-
portance of preserving them and their valu-
able work, the stories of some of them will be
told here subsequently in a series of articles
to focus attention on them as a basis for
perpetuating U.N. as an effective world or-
ganization.
(Copyright 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

Basketball Coach ... . <
To the Editor:
THE RECENT appointment of
Dave Newall as Basketball
coach at Michigan State College
is a wise policy move on their
part which should be emulated by
the University of Michigan if and
when any changes in the list of
our head coaches arises or are
contemplated.
Mr. Newall had an outstanding
record as head coach at San Fran-
cisco University and' last year
coached them to the NIT cham-
pionship at Madison Square Gar-
den. He is known as far as his
ability can be reckoned.
There is a great gap between
being an assistant and being head
man in anything. This is true
also in athletics. A man without
previous head coach experience in
collegiate ranks represents a gam-
ble on the part of the school em-
ploying him. Michigan is too big
and rich a school and has too
much prestige to make such a
gamble when there are so many
proven coaches around the cun-
try eager and willing to come
here. It would be provincial to in-
sist that they be graduates of our
school.
Four years ago we hired a bas-
ketball coach with a record of
achievement. We escaped the lea-
gue second division for the first
time in many years and won the
championship his second year.
This man was a true professional
basketball coach, it is his life
work, and was hired as such. His
previous accomplishments showed
it wasn't luck and his repute was
such as to attract high calibre
players. There was no gamble in-
volved in hiring him.
No matter how happy some risks
taken with inexperienced head
coaches may or hve turned out
for Michigan in the p a s t, the
chances are good that some of
the future choices inrthis category
be shown to be poor or, at best,
mediocre.
-Ralph L. Christensen
,* ,,
McCarthy, Et Al....
To the Editor:
MOST of us on campus protest
the despicable McCarthy in-
vestigation which has smeared
many innocent State department
employees and deprived them of
the right to a hearing behind clos-
ed doors. Many of us would like
to see McCarthy exposed for what
he is: a Red-baiting loudmouth
backed by the selfish interests in
Wall Street.
We Americans must wake up to
the fact that our precious liberties
are being taken away by these
outrageous investigations. And for
what? To get rid of Communists
in the government, whose only
fault is that they believe in the
reform of our democratic insti-
tutions by peaceful means. And
Alger Hiss may be a Communist,
but he is' a great American. He
proved so at Yalta. We need such
men in government. It is a shame
to persecute and prosecute them.
It is the great fault in our sys-
tem.
Speaking as a member of the

"Oops - Almost Forgot My Medicine Kit"
- -
-- N-
CA P 14 "
- P l
*1 -. # -..
£/A4

Iette' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed edited or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
editors.

people's party, the

DemocraticI

Party (YD on campus, whose
meetings I regularly attended un-
til a year ago; I am now active
with therDemocrats inAnn Ar-
bor), I must say that I firmly op-
pose the activities of not only Joe
McCarthy, but of John Edgar Hoo-
ver and his gossip-hunting FBI as
well. They serve no useful purpose
in a democracy. If it were not for
them and their cohorts, we would
not be afraid of speaking our
minds openly and without fear of
recrimination. Long live freedom
in this land. Heaven save us from
the McCarthy's and Hoover's.
Orchids to The Daily for its
anti-McCarthy attack.
-Al Rosencranz,' '48BAd
* * *
Tag Day Drive . .
To the Editor:
ON BEHALF of the Fresh Air
Camp committee we wish to
express our appreciation to the
students for the help given in the
Fresh Air Camp Tag Day. It is
inspiring to realize that over 500
students participated in this cam-
paign and that the students and
town's people were so generous in
their contributions.
We 'hope that the University
Students who work with the boys
during the Summer will be able
to tell the rest of you directly the
story of how your money helped.
We hope further that many of
you will use the camp during the
week-end parties of the various
student groups throughout the
year.
-Howard Y. McClusky,
Acting Chairman
Executive Committee
-William C. Morse,
Director
* *.*
Discussion.
To the Editor:
THE action of the University
lecture committee in banning
the discussion of topics dealing
with communism casts a shadow
on the otherwise democratic policy
of a University, very international
in character according to all
counts.
In any thinking individual, the
restriction placed on the study
through discussion of an academic
and important topic is likely to
lead to unanswered questions.
Questions lead to probing the sub-
ject even more thoroughly than
before. And so, the purpose of
the action does not justify itself.
Laws are laws and will remain
laws, but the formation of such
laws before they become laws is
open to a democratic discussion.
Right of free discussion is the
basis of a free and democratic
process.
-Anand C. Pande
* * *
East Quad .. .
To the Editor:
I have just finished reading the
letter concerning the conflict
between the two radio stations in
the East Quad. I heartily concur
with the opinions of Mr. Stock-
ing and I belive I have a few new
facts that should be brought to

the attention of the students. The
managei ient of WSHO has show-
ed a remarkably cooperative spirit
in the face of the recent events.
With the pleasure of the listen-
ing audience uppermost in their
mind, they have determined that
their operatiion of WSHO should
in no way cause the discomfort of
any who would prefer to listen
to WEQN. -To be sure that the
broadcasts of WSHO do not inter-
fere with those of WEQN, the
broadcasting band of WSHO has
been shifted. This step was made
with the expenditure of much
time and labor on the part of the
chief engineer of this station. This
was not the only -cooperative step
taken by WSHO. So that they
could not be accused of unfair
competitive practices they have
announced that they would not
try to solicit any monetary aid
to take care of the operating ex-
penses of ,the station. The whole
purpose of WSHO is to provide
good radio entertainment for its
listeners in the East Quad. When
any group of men show such
great selflessness they should be
eencouraged in every was to con-
tinue with their work. For this
added reason I hope WSHO con-
tinues to operate in the East Quad.
-Fred Beck, '52
* *
Debate .
To the Editor:
was one of the disappointed
2000 in front of 211 S. State at
the Slosson-Phillips debate. There
is no doubt that the vast majority
of both students and faculty are
in opposition to the lecture com-
mittee. There is obviously no valid
reason. for denying the debateand
the mumble-jumble o f P ro0f.
Brandt's statement bears this out.
Why was the debate suppressed?
The lecture, committee knew the
adverse publicity that would oc-
cur. Every,.major infringement of
academic freedom and violation
of free speech has always hurt
the University. In '40 the dismis-
sal of 1i2students who were in
anti-discrimination work, organi-
zing a union of employees, and
peace activity aroused the entire
nation. 1947 saw the banning of
MYDA by Pres. Ruthven and the
lecture committee refuse permis-
sion to let Eisler speak on campus.
'48 saw the lecture committee do
the same to Carl Winter, Michigan
head of the Communist Party.
Reason given was that he was
under indictment. In '49 the same
committee denied the request of
James Zarichny to speak on cam-
pus. This student was expelled
from MSC for attending an off-
campus meeting at which a Com-
munist spoke. Now we have Prof.
Brandt denying a debate on Capi-
talism vs. Communism!
The argument has been advan-
ced that the lecture committee was
fearful of Lansing appropriations.
Was it afraid last year when it
permitted Phillips to speak un-
opposed?, The difference this year
appears that the Detroit news-
papers in conjuction with favor-
ite son Ferguson are attempting to
whip up enough hysteria to pass
the Mundt-Ferguson bill. (Aimed
at Communist and Communist-
front groups) Along With this
came, of course, the increased ar-
manment allocations. The Phil-
lips-Wernette ban may be prof it-
able to somrte. The Detroit News
ran the lecture committee deci-
sion as a front page banner head-
line on April 18.
It may be profitable to business
-50 percent of the national bud-
get goes into the cold war. Five
millionare now unemployed and
another six million engaged in
supporting the cold war. What
would happen if peace should sud-

denly break. out? Would it hurt
the $656,000,000 General Motors
profit?
- -Gordon MacDougall
- * * *
Music.
To the Editor:
S ONE who believes that most
A music criticism is impression-
istic and therefore non-debate-
able, and also difficult to write
even when two are doing the job,
I am not in favor of giving the
critics a hard time. However, I
feel compelled to say a few words
about Ruth Cohen and Davis
Crippen's column on the last May
Festival concert, the one where
Marian Anderson .sang.
It is fashionable these days to
slight Liszt, who, after all, wrote
Liebestraum and Les Preludes as
well as A Faust Symphony, To-
tentanz and many non-hackneyed
tone poems.
But how can you possibly write
that "Marian Anderson chose to
perform . . . 1 e s s spectacular
works" and then, two paragraphs
down, "Mahler's Kindertotenlied-
er and Liszt's Jeanne d'Arc au
bucher, were representative of
their composers-which is about

the best we can say for them?"
If Mahler is not spectacular, who
is?
I hold no brief for the Kinder-
totenlieder, with their morbid-
sentimental ,poetry. .I also .ac-
knowledge that Mahler was not
always the spectacular super-
Wagnerian. As a nature lover,- he
has many quiet, simple moments,
in his symphonies as well as in
his songs. But, then the Kinder-
totenlieder are not representative.
How much of his music have our
critics heard, to say what is rep-
resentative?
Mahler should not be dismissed
so glibly. Aaron Copland, the
composer-critic, writes (Our New
Music, 1941): "But when all is
said, there remains something ex-
traordinarily touching about the
man's work, something that makes
one willing to put up with the
weaknesses."
Perhaps his Beethoven-Mahler
comparison is illuminating. "The
difference between Beethoyen and
Mahler," he writes, "is the differ-
ence between watching a great
man walk down the street and
watching a great actor act the
part of a great man walking down
the street. Those who dislike Mah-
ler do not enjoy 'play acting. One
wishes that they had the wit to
see that fact."
--John Neufeld
* * *
Movie Criticism ...
To the Editor:
T AM in complete agreement with
your movie critic's opinion of
the overall excellence of Repub-
lic's 'Spectre of the Rose.' Fur-
ther, I share her appreciation of
the high quality of the dancing of
Viola :Essen and Ivan Kirov. How-
ever, I must object to the casual
dismissal of the acting ability of
these stars. How can you over-
look some of the most exquisite
love scene ever photographed;
the powerful drama of moments
of madness; and the final poign-
ant scene in which the devoted
wife, sleepless for more than
forty-eight hours, watches over
her mad husband in a secluded
hotel room and tries to save- him
from inevitable commission to an
institution?
-Martin Farrow
* * *
Fraternity Week.
To the Editor:
rTHIS week has been one of the
most glorious in the history of
the Universty of Michigan. Tall,
tan, well dressed fraternity men
have swarmed forth from every
corner of our great campus not
only to entertain, but to educate
as well! Making overtures of
friendship, and dispensing cul-
ture, the fraternity men have made
a noble effort in understanding
the less fortunate.
Again we wish to extend. our
deep felt gratitude to all the af-
filiates for their admirable con-
duct of the past week.
Congratulations, I.F.C.
Best of luck, fraternity - men.
America is waiting for you.
-Edward C. Fordney
-Preston Niemi
tX 1DA

s

Senate Action

T WAS George Washington, reportedly,
who said the Senate of the United States
was to be the saucer in which the hot cof-
fee from the cup of the House would cool.
Calm, studied consideraton of all matters
of legislation-that was to be the keynote
of the Senate.
So what has happened? One Wednesday
the Senate in four hours and 45 minutes
passed 212 bills. That works out to about
one bill every 90 seconds, which is hardly
time for any great deliberation. They weren't
all trifling little bills either; one for in-
stance, was the important measure barring
interstate shipment of slot machines- There
might even be some colossal legislative blun-
ders among them, for the senators often
obviously didn't know what they were voting
on.
,his sort of pell-mell rush to get through
bills occurs consistently, of course, in every
legislative body as adjournment approaches.
But it needn't. A little less fussing with
trivial detail when a session begins; a little
more careful planning of legislative work;
a little more faithful attention at sessions
to prevent log jams-these things would all
help.
It would be a good thing for the Senate
to get back to being a saucer.
-St. Louis Star Times I

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and manages by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staf
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Editor
Al Biumrosen............. CityEditor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Don McNeil............ .Feature Editor
Many Stein-...........Associate Editor
Jo Misner...... ....... Associate Editor
George Walker........Associate Editor
Wally Barth......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes........ ..Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.............Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz. ...Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach.......:Women's Editor
Barbara Smith..Associate. Women's Ed.
Business Staff
Roger Wellington.....Business Manager
Dee Nelson, Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff...... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels.......Circulation Manager
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_ _

BARNABY

I -- - , on-,"

AUZIIW ° 'U y

Just ignore him, Barnaby. McSnoyd isa)

IYou could wave your magic wand

My Fiy Godfather is taking Phoney?....,......,uiet B'- .McnydkowsiJt
I I. . ' hngu~A,~nnrI Qiet B1n11

I L^"v! rr Y~1 .

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