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April 29, 1950 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1950-04-29

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MAY DAY IN GERMANY
See Page 4

Inc U.6

I ~zitjj

/lam /
COOL AND RAIN

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LX, No. 142

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1950

S PA

I S _ _ _ _ _ _ _

IOAL.Ca A LM"JL

Ballot Count
Completed in
Record Time
Judic Presses
Vote Fraud Study
Smoothly running through 28
separate ballots under the com-
plicated Hare System of propor-
tional representation, electeion of-
ficials finished the final tally of
Student Legislature votes shortly
after 2 a.m. yesterday.
More than 50 election workers
frantically rushed through the fi-
nal rounds of the balloting in a
desperate attempt to get the final
results in yesterday morning's
Daily.
And when the last three candi-
dates were finally elected, Legis-
lator John Ryder, '50, who direct-
ed the vote 'counting, jubilantly
announced that they had succeed-
ed, registering the earliest finish
in the history of the SL elections.
* * *
A CROWD of nearly 50 students
milled about the Union Ballroom
as the counting reached the final
stages in the early hours of the
morning, tensely awaiting last
minute results which were chalked
up on a huge blackboard after
every round of counting.
Independent leaders greeted
with gloom the news that their
affiliated rivals had won 17 out
of the 26 contested SL seats.
And sweeping the presidencies
of both the literary and engi-
neering senior classes, the af-
filiates soundly trounced the in-
dependents for the first time in
three semesters.
Earlier in the evening, candidate
Bill McIntyre, who piled up a rec-
ord total of 318 votes on the first
ballot, gratefully acknowledged the
support of the students who voted
for him.
"I WILL sincerely attempt to
fulfill my campaign pledges," MIL,-
Intyre' said'
George Roumell, '51, wl
closely followed McIntyre wih
315 votes, also expressed deep
appreciation for the support
which he received.
"I' am very gratified that my
friends have chosen to send me
back to the Legislature and I
hope that I won't disappoint
them," he said.
MEANWHILE, members of
Men's Judiciary Council were hard
at work yesterday morning inves-
tigating evidences of "fraudulent
voting" in the elections.
Earlier Thursday night they
had invalidated more than 100
SL votes with first place marked
for candidate Tom Dudley, '53.
Jim Smith, '50, chairman of the
Judiciary Council, said that as yet
no evidence has been found di-
rectly implicating any of the stu-
dents manning the voting booths,
but that the investigation will be
continued early next week.
Only other mystery shrouding
the elections was the disappear-
ance of two "Handy-Talkies" used
by Legislator Jim Storrie, '51, in
directing the voting procedure.
Storrie said the portable wire-
less radios disappeared sometime
Thursday night while the votes
were being tabulated.
Warning that "it is a federal
offense for individuals to use the
"Handy-Talkies" without special
permission," Storrie asked that

any students knowing the where-
abouts of the radios to contact
him immediately.

HonorAssembly'
Hears Carlson

Alarmed because a "terrible
feeling of uncertainty has gripped
the educational world," William
S. Carlson, '30, president of the
University of Vermont, yesterday
advocated the scientific approach
as an answer to present-day prob-
lems.
Carlson spoke at the Univer-
sity's 27th annual Honors Convo-
See NAMES, Page 6
cation at which 738 undergradu-
ates were honored because of scho-
lastic achievement.
* * *:
HE DESCRIBED the scientific
French Oust
Red Scientist
For Speech
Political Leaders
Acclaim Action
PARIS-(P)-The French gov-
ernment today fired Frederic Jo-
liot-Curie, outspoken F r e n c h
Comunist scientist, as head of its
Atomic Energy Commission. It
also threw him out of the French
Institute of Scientific Research.
The action, effective immediate-
ly, was acclaimed by moderate and
rightest political leaders alike.
Joliot-Curie himself made no
public comment.
A COMMUNIST DEPUTY, Rog-
er Garaudy, declared theifiring a
blow to science and to peace and
demanded a parliamentary de-
bate.
The Moscow radio carried
of the dismissal without com-
ment.t
The lean, 50-year-old atomic
fission specialist drew fire by a
declaration April 5 to the 12th
National Congress of the French
Communist Party: "Communist
scientists will never contribute a
particle of their science to a war
against the Soviet Union."
* * *
FRANCE'S center and right-
wing press described his statement
as treasonable and demanded that
he be dismissed.
The cabinet decision was an-
nounced by Minister of State
Henri Teitgen.
The government gave no indi-
cation who Joliot-Curie's succes-
sor will be.
* * *
THE FORMER NOBEL prize
winner was appointed in 1946 by
Gen. Charles De Gaulle-then
president-to head France's atom-
ic Energy Commission.
The American Press and un-
official observers in the United
States, which is supplying
France with arms under the
Atlantic Pact, have frequently
questioned the advisability of
keeping a Communist like Jo-
liot-Curie in such a high post.
Informed observers in the U.S.
Capital said it long has been as-
sumed there that, since a Com-
munist headed the commission,
France's whole Atomic Organiza-
tion must be riddled with Commu-
nists and the firing of any one
of them would have no great sig-
nificance in cleaning up the sit-
uation.

approach to problems as "an ap-
proach that chooses its own road
as circumstances demand and that
disdains that broad, plain avenue
lined on both sides by restrictive
bayonets held in the hand of big-
otry."
This approach demands "that
freedom of inquiry which is
perhaps the greatest of our mo-
dern freedoms, but which is
also being threatened on all
sides and must therefore be de-
fended," he added.
Carlson emphasized the need for
some sort of approach to solve to-
day's problems, since "the world's
future depends today on the wis-
dom or folly of America's actions
and not on the action of our
statesmen alone."
* * *
TODAY'S CITIZENS must not
only find the answers to the prob-
lems of the day-they must also
defend those answers and the right
to arrive at them against "those
who would distort them for the
purpose of using them to further
sordid ends," Carlson declared.
By taking a stand "against
the organized heresy hunting
that is shamelessly inhibiting
free inquiry," people will release
"new human energies so tre-
mendous that they will put the
atomic bomb in its proper place
in modern life, not as a des-
tructive force, but as a symbol
of the forces for good that can
be tapped in all human society,"
he concluded.
Carlsonwas a geology instructor
at the University in 1929-30, and
took part in several University
geologyexpeditions.
He became president of the
University of Vermont early this
year, after serving as president of
the University of Delaware since
1946.

Hoover Plan
Comments
Wide,_Varied
Would Organize
UN Without Reds
WASHINGTON - (')-- Her-
bert Hoover's suggestion that non-
Communist countries organize a
new United Nations without the
Russians got favorable attention
in Congress yesterday but there
was also vigorous dissent.
Comment ranged from that of
Sen. George (D-Ga.), who said,
"Ultimately we will have to come
to that," to Ms Franklin D.
Roosevelt's belief that the Hoover
plan is "the surest way to war."
AND CARLOS P. ROMULO,
president of the UN General As-
sembly, said the United Nations
still is the only workable link be-
tween the East and the West.
Presidential Secretary Charles
Ross told reporters yesterday
that President Truman congrat-
ulated Hoover on his call for
"mobilization of the moral for-
ces of the world."
But Ross said Mr. Truman did
not say anything to Hoover about
a non-Communist UN.
* * *
IN THE PAST, Mr. Truman
consistently has argued that the
UN should be supported under its
present setup.
Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa),
a member of the Foreign Rela-
tions Committee, said Congress
should give "profound and im-
mediate" consideration to Hoov-
er's views. -
But John Foster Dulles, Repub-
lican foreign policy expert who
is an adviser to Secretary of State
Acheson, said there is "no occa-
sion to destroy the universality
of the United Nations."
* * *
ANOTHER OF Acheson's Re-
publican advisers, John Sherman
Cooper, said: "Mr. Hoover's pro-
posal seems to lead to a hopeless'
view of the future."
From the Russians: no com-
ment.
,' * *
Prof. Knappen,
Disapproves
New UN Plan
Prof. Marshall M. Knappen of
the political science department
said yesterday that he could not
go along with former President
Hoover's plan to reorganize the
United Nations so that Commu-'
nist countries could be ousted.
"Expulsion of Russia from the
UN would only increase the diffi-
culty of conducting diplomatic re-
lations between that country and
the U.S."
Without the UN diplomatic area
both countries would hesitate to
negotiate through their consulates
because of fear of loosing face, he
said.
For example, the lifting of the
Berlin Blockade, negotiated by
Phillip Jessup and Jakob A. Malik
at the UN would have undoubted-
ly been delayed longer if that
area of mediation had not been
available, according to Prof. Knap-
pen.
As an alternative to the Hoover
plan, Prof. Knappen advocated the

proposal of Senators Elbert D.
Thomas and Paul Douglas aimed
at setting up within the UN, an
organization similar to the North
Atlantic Security Pact.
The Thomas-Douglas resolution
suggests however, that the propos-
ed organization be more inclusive
than the Atlantic Pact because
the U.S. may be affected by at-
tacks in other areas than the
North Atlantic.

ield
Called

Lattimore

restifies

He

-Daily-wally Barth
GETTING ACQUAINTED-Congratulating each other upon winning Thursday night's IFC elections
at the Union are Treasurer Dick Tinker, '52, President Bob Vogt, '51, Vice President Bob Preston, '51,

and Secretary Bill Henderson, '51.
f
Fire Inspector Discovers
Many Dwellings Unsafe

World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia - The
Czechoslovak government called'
on the United States today to cut
its diplomatic staffs in Czechoslo-
vakia by two-thirds in every cate-
gory.1
A ministry note accused the
American Embassy of organizing
and giving material aid to spies
in Czechoslovakia, endangering
the security of the country and
violating international customs
and diplomatic usages.
* * *
DETROIT - Prepared for an
all-night session to resolve re-
maining disputes, negotiators in
the 94-day Chrysler strike stuck
to their complicated bargaining
tonight.
* * *
BERLIN-Two Communist storm
troopers of the East German "peo-
ple's police," arrested when they
wandered into West Berlin, today
confirmed reports that Soviet Rus-
sia is rearming East Germany with
army, air force and sea units.
JAKARTA, Java, U.S.I.-Two
Americans delving for informa-
tion on Indonesian life-a uni-
versity professor and a maga-
zine correspondent-were shot
to death on a jeep trip to West
Java.
WASHINGTON - The House
Ways and Means Committee today
voted to cut the tax a customer
pays when he goes to a night club,
buys a travel ticket, pays his phone
or telegraph bill or buys a baby
bottle warmer.
Added to slashes already ap-
proved, this adds up to a proposed
$967,000,000 annual reduction in
excise taxes.
* * *
11LENE,Tex.-Kijer tornadoes
raged in west Texas and Okla-
homa late yesterday, leaving at
least five persons dead and des-
troying a score or more buildings.
TAIPEI, Formosa-The Chinese
Nationalists announced tonight
that they made an unchallenged
air raid on Communist Shanghai
today.
Purdom Predicts
Teacher Shortage
A critical shortage of element-
ary teachers for the 1950-51 school

NeBy JAMES GREGORY
Nearly half the students living
outside University residence halls
inhabit unsafe dwellings, accord-
ing to the local fire inspector.
One of the most elaborate and
beautiful sorority houses on cam-
pus is a firetrap.
So is a basement apartment oc-
cupied by a lone student.
* * *
THOSE ARE A FEW of the dis-
coveries made by Thomas Hun-
ter, of the mechanical engineering
department, who is inspecting all
of the city's multiple dwellings for
fire hazards. The residence halls
are not in Hunter's domain, as a
fire insurance syndicate inspects
them twice a year. Hunter's probe
is being financed by the city.
To date, 160 dwellings have
beep inspected. One-third were
found satisfactory. One-third
required one repair, and one-
third needed two or more re-
pairs.
Insufficient exits are the worst
menace, Hunter revealed. Two
exits are necessaiy on each floor
of a multiple dwelling. So far, ithe
inspector has ordered installation
of 74 fire escapes-an average of
Student Keeps
Hostess Date
The climax of Michigras festi-
vities didn't come until last night
for Knight Houghten, '50.
Houghten, who was the first
person to cough up 200 Michibucks
at the carnival last week, had
his date with lovely airlines host-
ess Joan Carl.
Houghten said his Sigma Phi
Epsilon fraternity brothers pooled
their Michibucks so he could win
the evening with Miss Carl. Michi-
gras prize co-chairman Don Dow-
nie, '52E, termed this "perfectly
legal," adding that Houghten su-
pervised the construction of the
"Tarzan" float which copped first
prize for Sigma Phi Epsilon and
Delta Delta Delta.
Houghten and Miss Carl dined
at the Union and danced at the
League.

almost one for every second build-
ing inspected.
* * *
THE STEEL LADDER which is
a familiar and unsightly fixture
on many a campus rooming house
"isn't a standard exit by a mil-
lion years," Hunter said.
"It's worse than useless, be-
cause it isn't effective, yet it
lends a, certain sense of security
which is very false," he warned.
A source of danger in many
houses is an open stairway lead-
ing from the first to the third
floors. This would act like a chim-
ney flue in the event of a fire.
Hunter said. In such houses he
has ordered a door to be built
on the third floor landing to stop.
drafts. So far, 32 of these stair
cut-of fs have been ordered.
* * *
THE TROUBLE with most of
the unsafe multiple dwellings is
that they were originally design-
ed as single dwellings, Hunter de-
clared.
Thus he has found that room-
ing houses are the places most
likely to be deficient, while
fraternity and sorority houses
are generally safe, because thlv
were built as multiple dwellings.
But he called attention to one
sorority house on which an addi-
tion was recently built, ruining the
exit system.
ONE IRATE LANDLADY wrote
him from Florida, where she is
spending the winter, to lament,
"I can't understand this regula-
tion, as we have so many exits.
This will create a hardship for me,
in face of the fact that our rents
have been controlled for seven
years."
Another landlady said, "I
think it's a very good thing.
Thank God I haven't had any
fires in my place."
Her tenants also had reason to
be grateful that there have boen
no fires. At present, a ladder leads
from the third floor of her house
to the porch roof, from which
escapees have their choice of a
twelve-foot jump to the ground
below or an eight-foot jump to a

IFC Selects
President,
Constitution
Bob Vogt, '51, Sigma Phi, has
been elected president of the In-
terfraternity Council.
Other officers elected were Bob
Preston, '51, Theta Xi, vice presi-
dent and Bill Henderson, '51, Al-
pha Sigma Phi, secretary. Dick
Tinker, '52, Delta Tau Delta, was
retained in office as treasurer for
a second term
* * *
AT THE SAME TIME the IFC
also adopted a new constitution to
replace the antiquated one of 1934
that had for a long time proved in-
adequate and had been disregard-
ed in active policy. It contains no
radical change, however, from re-
cent unwritten standards of IFC.
No discrimination topics are
in the new constitution.
President-elect Vogt later stat-
ed that though he personally
thought discriminatory clauses
were a blight on fraternity records
and should be removed he was
not in favor of legislating to re-
move a house from campus for
possessing such a clause.
HE DID ADD, however, that he
would seek to influence houses to
act toward eliminating the clauses
on their own initiative.
Vice-president-elect Preston
added to this opinion and also
stated that IFC should give ac-
tive support to inter-racial and
inter-denonminational houses
now getting started on campus.
The new slate of officers will
take over IFC's administration on
May 11.
Law Students Are
Honored At Dinner
Eighty-five members of the Law
School were honored last night
at the annual Founder's Day Din-
ner held by the Lawyers' Club.
The awards are given to those
senior students who for two years
have maintained a scholastic av-
erge required of those living in the

Never
"Red"
Refuses To
Disclose His
Affiliations1
Claims Rights
In Constitution
WASHINGTON- (P) -Freder
ick Vanderbilt Field, reputed Re
millionaire, testified today he nev
er called Owen Lattimore a Com
munist and regards him as loyA
to the United States.
Asked about three State De
partment officials, Haldore Han
son, John S. Service and John Car
ter Vincent, the witness said non
has ever been a Communist s
far as he knows.
* * *
BUT FIELD flatly refused t
say whether he himself is or eve:
has been a Communist and senate
investigators made it clear the
will consider contempt action
against him.
Field turned back a flood of
q u e st i o n s, causing Senator
Lodge to brand his behavior one
of the "most shocking spectacles
I have ever seen."
Field was described by Lodg
as a man who had enjoyed abou
every advantage the country coul
offer. Yet, the Senator said, h
"Refuses to do his duty and hell
this subcommittee."
* * s
FIELD BROUGHT up the Con
stitution to support his refusals t
answer. But as to Lattimore, Fa
Eastern Affairs Expert, he camel
Prepared with a statement. I1
was a contradiction of testimon
of Ex-Communist Louis Budezi.
Budenz, star witness for Mc-
Carthy against Lattimore, sai
last week that Field had calle
Lattimore a Communist. Buden
also said Field was a Soviet agent
Field denied both statements.
He denied "any implication"
that he had "at any time at-
tended a Communist party
meetingaor metings with Pro-
fessorLattimore or his wife ...
or that I have ever stated
that both or either of the Latti-
mores were Coimunists, Com-
munist agents, or dominated by
Communists."
McCarthy has referred to Fielk
as an admitted Communist, anc
a wealthy man whom the Com-
munists are using for his money
Field, a New Yorker, has spent
much of his life studying Fai
Eastern affairs.
EARL BROWDER, former Com-
munist party chief, told the in-
vestigators yesterday that he'"as.
sumed" Field was a Communist
Field informed the committee
today he would decline to discus
his "political views or affiliations
such as my alleged membership ir
or affiliation with the Commun-
ist party."
He said the government used;,
the question "are you a Commun-
ist?" in an attempt to intimidat

and terrorize its critics.
Wayne Group
Hears Phillips
DETROIT -(VP)-- Herbert J
Phillips, the Communist profes-
sor, addressed about 800 Wayne
University Students yesterday, but
probably only a fraction of that
number heard much of what he
said.
Phillips stood on the steps of
Detroit's main library, near the
Wayne campus, and shouted~
against a light wind. Although he
cupped his hands to his mouth,
his voice carried only about 25
feet.
* * *
The professor, who was dis-
missed from the University of
Washington faculty in a Com-
munist purge, was refused per-

GREEKS ASSURED:
Michigan House Plan Not
Leveled At Fraternities

concrete platform.

Lwyers' Club.

(EDITOR'S NOTE--This is the
fourth in a series on the Michigan
House Plan of residence halls.)
"There are no unalterable con-
ditions which make a residence
halls plan incompatible with the
fraternity and sorority systems."
This assurance was written by
Prof. Karl Litzenberg, of the Eng-
lish department, former residence
halls director, in an explanitory
paper on the Michigan House
Plan.
AND DEAN of Students Eric

sure would like to," a fraternity
man said, expressing a not-un-
common feeling.
BUT, CONVERSELY, a large
group of the fraternity men do
not seem to feel that the enforce-
ment of the liquor ban is an in-
dication that the University is
"out to get them," but rather a
move "to please parents and other
outside forces in the State."
The Greeks seem to feel that
the University's enforcement of

MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING:
Philips-Slosson Debate Called Tame

After all the 'toodoo' raised on
University officialdom over the
proposed on-campus debate and
talk by avowed Communist Her-
bert J. Phillips, Thursday's off-
campus affair was pretty tame.
That's the opinion of several

that made him "tame" rather
than his being under orders
from the Party to present Com-
munism in that manner, as has
been speculated.
Phillips, ousted from the Uni-
versity of Washington because of

of the ad hoc committee, com-
mended the students for their
good behavior in and in front
of the cafeteria where the de-
bate was held.
"We were sorry more students
weren't able to hear the debate,

He added that student repre-
sentation on the committee would
make "little difference" on its de-
cisions.
* * *
THE AD HOC group was forced
to accept the 'small cafeteria when

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