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April 28, 1950 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1950-04-28

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THE COMMUNIST
"MENACE'
See Page 4

:Y

41uyrnF

~ati4

PARTLY CLOUDY

Latest Deadline in the State

VOL. LX, No. 141

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1950

EIGHT F

/'1*

* *

*

* *

~New]
Bill McIntyre
F First To Win
SL Position
Roumell, Nesbitt
Follow Closely
By JIM BROWN
A record-breaking total of 7,919
students went to the polls yester-
day and Wednesday to register the
largest all-campus vote in the his-
tory of the University.
Although hampered by early
morning snow flurries and near-
freezing temperatures, hundreds of
students flocked to the 18 voting
booths just before the 5 p.m. dead-
line yesterday afternoon to push
the final count well over the pre-
vious record of 7,013 set in the fall
of 1948.
FIRST STUDENT Legislature
candidate over the complicated
Hare System quota of 269 was
Bill McIntyre, '53E. Piling up a
total of 318 votes on the first
count, McIntyre shattered the pre-
vious first round record of 279
votes set last semester.
He was closely followed by
George Roumell, '51, with 315
votes and Jim Nesbitt, '51 BAd,
with 269 votes, both of whom
were also elected on the first
count.
It took 11 more ballots before
the next SL candidate, Audrey
Smedley, '53, went over the quota.
Miss Smedley was immediately
followed on the twelfth ballot by
Hugh Greenberg, '51, who was re-
elected to the Legislature for the
third straight term.
Six ballots later Pris Ball, '51,
went over the quota after regis-
tering 179 first place votes ald
piling up 95 additional second and
third place votes. Currently re-
cording secretary of the SL Cabi-
net, Miss Ball is the first coed
ever re-elected to the Legislature.
ONLY IRREGULARITY in the
voting procedure showed up early
last evening when election officials
began sorting ballots in the Union
Ballroom.
At that time, more'than 100
fraudulent votes were discovered
' by election workers, each marked
with a first place vote for SL
candidate Tom Dudley, '53.
After thoroughly investigating
all of the suspected ballots, mem-
bers of Men's and Women's Judi-
ciary Councils chose to invalidate
more than 100 of Dudley's first
place votes.
JIM SMITH, '50, chairman of
Men's Judiciary, said that all of
the ballots were found in evenly
folded groups of 10 and 20 and
that there was "definite evidence
of fraudulent voting."
Smith said that a full investi-
gation of the "suspected fraud"
will be launched by his com-
mittee early today.
Visibly shocked by the news of
the invalidation of many of his
first place votes, Dudley denied
having any knowledge of the frau-
dulent ballots. Not affiliated with
any campus house unit, he said
that he had expected his votes to

come from students all over cam-
pus. ,
MEANWHILE, the ballot count-
ng went ahead according to
schedule. Working intently inside
a huge rectangle of tables in the
center of the Ballroom, more than
50 election, workers frantically
sorted and counted ballots under
the direction of Legislator John
Ryder, '50.
But because of the record
number of votes cast in the elec-

Record

Set

As

7,919

Go

to

Polls

* * * *

-Daily-wally Barth
TALLYING UP--John Ryder (at microphone) broadcasts last
minute results of two days of balloting for SL members. With
Ryder are members of his committee in charge of tallying the
votes.

Murray, Hess Elected To
Senior Class Presidencies

.0

Chuck Murray,rBirmingham se-
nior, won the presidency of the!
literary college's senior class with
a total of 512 votes, a majority of
those cast in the three-way race.
Murray's two opponents, Ed
Lewinson and Frank Butorac,
split the remainder of the vote
with 291 and 218 ballots respec-
tively, out of the 1021 ballots cast.
* * *

IN THE ENGINEERING college,
Ned Hess captured the senior class
presidency, finishing 50 votes
ahead of his nearest rival, Gordon
Saxon.
In the other literary college
senior class elections, Jack Ar-
buckle became the new vice-
president with a 129 vote edge
on Hugh Greenberg, his nearest
rival.
Pat McLean was elected secre-
tary with nearly a hundred votes
more than her nearest opponent,
Cal Klyman. For treasurer, Dave
Belin defeated Tony Palermo 522
to 381.
BACK IN engineering college,
Robert Preston stepped into the
senior vice-presidency unopposed.
The new secretary is Don Hall, Jr.,
who edged Ray Ladendorf by 15
votes. In the race for treasurer,
Bob Mitchell won over his nearest
competitor, Chuck Froman, by 13
ballots.
Engineering college junior of-
ficers are: Bill Morris, presi-
dent; Chuck Good, secretary.
The sophomore officers are Tom
Auch, president; Judith Davies,
secretary.
IN THE RACE for one seat on
the Board in Control of Inter-Col-
legiate Athletics, track star Don
McEwen, '52, with 1,792 votes de-
feated four competitors.
In the election for six Union
vice presidents, a total of 4,726
votes was cast.
Winners were:
For the literary college, William
Stirton, 971; engineering and ar-
chitecture schools, John Lind-
quist,, '51, 604; combined schools,
William Peterson, '50, 270.
For the law school, William
Bates, '50, 187; medical school,
Merlin Townley, '52, 60; dental
school, Joe Ponsetto.

Budenz Story
Contradicted
Browder
Calls Lattimore
Anti-Communist
WASHINGTON - (') - Earl
Browder testified yesterday that
he knows of no Communists in the
State Department and a short
time later Senator McCarthy
opened a bitter new attack on the
Department and Democrats on an
investigating committee.
Browder, ousted chief of the
Communist Party in America,
called Owen Lattimore anti-Com-
munist. The witness flatly con-
tradicted testiiony of Louis B-
denz, former Communist editor,
against the Far Eastern affairs
expert.
* * *
TAKING the Senate floor, Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis) declared that
the Democratic majority on the
five-man committee investigating
his charges had asked Browder
"carefully prepared questions so
he could deny-everything that Mr.
Budenz says."
Browder's refusal to answer a
number of the questions about
individuals brought from Me-
Carthy a denunciation of Chair-
man Tydings (D-Md) h
"What we need is a chairna
with some guts, who will cite thes
witnesses for contempt when they
refuse to answer questions," Mc-
Carthy declared.
* * *
McCARTHY angrily accused
Senate Democratic leader Lucas
of doing the country "a tremend-
ous disservice" when he "hand-
picked Tydings and McMahon
(Connecticut Democrat) to run
this investigation."
He also charged that Haldore
Hanson, State Department offi-
cial, had been named by Budenz
in secret testimony as a Commun-
ist Party member.
McCarthy went on to describe
the Madison Capital Times as a
"disguised poisoned waterhole of
dangerous Communist propa-
ganda."
Convocation
Will Be Held
Today At Hill
More than 700 University stu-
dents wil be cited for scholastic
achievement at 11 a.m. today at
the Honors Convocation at Hill
Auditorium.
A University alumnus, Dr. Wil-
liam Samuel Carlson, president of
the University of Vermont, will
speak on "Education - For
What?" Students attending the
convocation will be excused from
11 a.m. classes.
See PICTURE Page 6
Dr. Carlson, a distinguished ge-
ologist, will also lecture on the
Alaskan Highway, the Aleutian
Islands and Greenland at 4:15 p.
m. today in the Natural Science
Auditorium.

-Daily-Alan Reid
CAPITALISM VS. COMMUNISM-On the speaker's platform
during his off-Qampus appearance at the J. D. Miller Cafeteria,
last night, Prof. Herbert J. Phillips (center) attempts to answer
a question put to him by Prof. Preston Slosson (right) while
debate moderator Adele Hager, SL Vice-President, listens (seated
left). An unoffical observer from Wayne University, John Rich-
ards, (Insert) Executive Secretary to President Henry, learns
about Communism.
* * * *
Sl o C Phillips Cath
I n Off-Campus Debate,

-Daily-Burt Sapowitch
DR. DAVID HENRY
*I * *
Wayne Head
Explains Bani
of Communist
The denial of a public forum
to Communists by college offi-
cials does not constitute a viola-
tion of academic freedom, Dr.
David Henry of Wayne University
declared here yesterday.
In an obvious reference to his
barring of Communist Herbert J.
Phillips from the Wayne campus,
Dr. Henry pointed out to a-meet-
ing of a teacher's education con-
ference that the "distinction be-
tween the college campus and a
public square requires that the
college be responsible to all the
people of the state."
* * *
"THE PUBLIC as a whole be-
lieves in intellectual freedom and
that is why a Communist may
speak freely in a public square as
long as he doesn't break the law.
But the public expects more of an
educational institution," Henry
said.
He explained that college or
university is expected to serve
an educational purpose and to
require that its participants
meet standards of intellectual
integrity, moral character and
loyalty to the nation.
"These standards apply to both
regular teachers and visiting lec-
turers who serve as teachers.
See EXPLAINS, Page 8

. By PAUL BRENTLINGER
Declaring that "America at its
worst"is a thousand times better
than a Communist nation at its
best," Prof. Preston W. Slosson
last night vigorously defended
capitalism in a controversial off-
campus debate with Communist
Herbert J. Phillips.
Phillips launched the debate
with a charge that American
Communist Party members were
the chief targets of a general
attack on civil liberties. He identi-
fied the Communist cause with a
broad battle for these liberties.
Extend Draft,
Truman Asks
WASHINGTON-(AR-President
Truman renewed his plea for ex-
tension of the draft yesterday and
backed up a statement by Secre-
tary of Defense Johnson that the
"force of events" warrants an in-
crease in defense spendling.
Johnson made the statement
Wednesday in urging an addition
of $350,000,000 to the defense
budget, mostly for new planes. A
House committee gave it quick
approval.
MR. TRUMA told a news con-
ference the Johnson statement
was submitted to him first and it
had his approval.
The President announced he is
naming Stanley Woodward, Chief
of Protocol of the State Depart-
ment, as Ambassador to Canada,
to succeed the late Laurence C.
Steinhardt, who died in a plane
crash last month.

-Daily--wally Barth
CHARLES MURRAY

SL .Race
These candidates were elect-
ed to Student Legislature last
night in the following order
Bill McIntyre, '53
George Roumell, '51
Jim Nesbitt, '51BAd
Audrey Smedley, '53
Hugh Greenberg, '51
Pris Ball, '51
Leonard Wilcox, '52
Nancy Porter, '52
Herb Ruben, '51
Ed Reifel, '51
"Spider" Webb, '52
Dick Webber, '52E
Phyll Butterfield, '51
Jim Storrie, '51BAd
Dave Brown, '53
Doug Cutler, '52
Judy Sinclair, '52
Ray Litt, '52E
Arlene Lange, '52 E
Jim Moran, '52
Jack Heikkenen, '52F&C
Diana Lahde, '52
Leah Marks, '52
Barry Levey, '52
John Osmundson, '52
Pr mi n1

"I THINK American democratic
institutions should be protected,"
Phillips declared, "and they need
protection very badly." He said
that these institutions, which he
called the foundations of civil
rights, are under attack because
of the "exigencies of a dying eco-
omic system."
Prof. Slosson, of the history
department, answered these
charges by comparing American
civil liberties with those in
Communist-dominated nations.
"In all the countries where
Communism rules, no debate be-
tween Communism and capital-
ism would be tolerated," he said.
"We would not be merely restrict-
ed to an off-campus debate-we
would not be meeting at all in
Russia."
* * *
PHILLIPS, a former University
of Washington philosophy pro-
fessor, denied the assertion f that
Communist Party members are
agents of a foreign power.
In his opinion, American
Communists are "guided by no
other principle than concern
for the welfare of the American
people. The. program of the
Communist Party has their best
interests at heart."
He described Communists as be-
lieving that "only by a substantial
substitution of a socialized econ-
omy for their present capitalistic
economy can Americans get out
from under the threat of war and
economic disaster. Thus, Com-
munists applaud the spread of so-
cialism everywhere."
* * *
TO THIS, Prof. Slosson replied
that "capitalism at its worst has
not produced the misery and ty-
ranny that appears in all Com-
munist countries on earth."
He described the worst effects
of the American depression of
the 1930's as being much less
severe than the mass starvation
which resulted from the Rus-
sian five-year plan, in effect at
the same time.
In an interview, Phillips de-
clared that,, to his knowledge,
"no contemporary Communist
Party member advocates force as

2,000 Jam.
Street To Get
Into Meeting
Slosson Calms
ExcitedThrong
By AL BLUMROSEN
and DON McNEIL
A swirling, shoving crowd, esti-
mated at 2,000 people, packed th
State Street site of Club 211 las
night, momentarily threatened t
break in, and was quieted by fast.
thinking Prof. Preston W. Slossoi
who spoke to them through a loud
speaker.
Owner' J. D. Miller estimate
that some 400 had already cram
med their way into the build nt
by 8 p.m.
THE CROWD, which began t
form on State St. about 6 pan
packed the cafeteria by 7:30 p.m
to hear Communist Herbert
Phillips and Prof. Slosson. Mor
than 2,000 others, left outside, al
most burst past the metal doo
guards which were held by a fe
students and employes.
Pushing to enter, they broke
a candy counter in the front
part of the cafeteria.
In a jostling mood, the grou
began. chanting, "We want Sps
son," and Gelert Seel, '52L, trie
to quiet them over a loud speake
system but it didn't work.
* * *
JUST AS THE crowd reachei
the point where violence migh
have occurred, Prof. Slosson 'f
the lecture platform where he wa
being introduced, rushed to th
outside microphone and ii~,
with them to calm down.
"It's a pity we don't have Hill
Auditorium, but we couldn't get
it for some reason or other," he
said. At that the crowd outside
cheered and applauded vigor-
ously.
He told them that if any inci
dent happened, "We might not b
able to even meet off campus
Then where will we go?" T0
crowd quieted immediately.
* * *
DURING THE debate, the mas
of students pressed against win
dows and doors trying to cate)
snatches of the argument. Per
mission to broadcast the debat
See PICTURES, Page 8
over a loud speaker aimed at th
crowd was denied by police.
Uniformed officers'were conspic
uous by their absence, but in th
back of the cafeteria, Capt. Albex
Heusel of the Ann Arbor Polic
Dept. and an assistant, lounge
alertly. a
few people outside began a "W
Want Phillips" chant, but
died down.
Students perched on tables i
the back of the packe'd room in a
effort to see the debators. PhC
tographers, from all three Detro:
newspapers as well as The Dail:
popped flash bulbs almost cor
tinuously.
ALSO PRESENT were Joh
Richards, executive assistant I
Wayne University's president Da
id Henry and Frank Tuohey, put
lic relations chief of the Detro
institution.

Richards said that Presideni
Henry who barred Phillips from
Wayne had returned to Detroit
to make another speech last
night. "Naturally," he added
"I'm not here as an official re-
presentative of Wayne."
A healthy-sized student contir
gent from Wayne was in the crow
that packed the cafeteria. The
had a preview last night of Phi
lips brand of talk. He is slated t
speak at 3 p.m. this afternoon a
St. Andrews Episcopal Churci
four blocks from the Wayne cam

Associated Press World News Round-up
CANBERRA, AUSTRALIA - Prime Minister Robert G. Menzies President Hoover called for a new U.N. that would shut out the Com-
oduced yesterday a bill, described as a measure of public safetyjmunist countries.
self defense, to outlaw the Communist Party. Hoover's ideas drew dissent from a number of U.N. delegates and

intr
and

l1

"We would not pave tolerated a fifth column in 1939," he told the
House of Representatives. "We certainly do not propose to tolerate'one
in 1950 when militant Communism, checked for the time being in
Western Europe, is moving East and Southeast to carry out its plans
.a ,_.-&., .,. + , .. ~ ,,

officials. Some said the U.N. without the Russians would not be a
United Nations.
Malik's walkout was the 21st Russian bloc strike against a U.N.
organ since January when he left the Security Council over the China
austin.

I

Ii

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