SHAM IN WASHINGTON
See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the State
VOL. LX, No. 136
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, APRIL 22, 1950
Special Group To
LANSING - () - Creation of
a special commission to study
methods of legally curbing Com-
munism and the Communist par-..
ty in Michigan was asked yester-
day by Gov. Williams.
The Governor asked the legisla-
tive appropriations committees
for $15,000 to finance the study.
WILLIAMS SAID he would ap-
point "the best legal and consti-
tutional authorities I can find"
to the group. The commission
would be made up of members of
the law school faculties, the legal
profession, the courts and the leg-
islative judiciary committees.
The proposal was a partial
reply to a request of a recent
American Legion anti-Com-
munist rally here for legisla-
tion outlawing the Conunist
party in Michigan.
"A fifth column of anti-demo-
cratic forces is operating within
our own country and our own
state under the name of the Com-
' munist party," the Governor said.
"This fifth column utilizes in its
actvities the same liberties it
seeks to destroy.
* * *
"IT CAMOUFLAGES its acti-
vities under the guise of a poli-
tical party but we all know it is
not a political party within our
American understanding of that
term. It is a conspiracy, directed
from abroad, aimed at the des-
truction of democracy and de-
voted to the global purposes of
the Soviet Union."
Williams said the group should'
make an exhaustive study of the
problem and consult all the lead-
ing authorities. He warned, how-
ever, that effective means of
curbing Communism are hard to
find. Attempts to forbid the be-
liefs of Communism by law
would require the creation of a
" "thought police," he said.
WASHINGTON - (P) - The
American Society of Newspaper
Editors was told yesterday that the
government's "muzzling" of scien-
tists has imperiled the atomic
GERARD PIEL, editor of the
Scientific American, who burned
3,000 copies of his magazine last
month under supervision of the
Atomic Energy Commission, told
400 editors that:
1. AEC's so-called "shut your
trap" telegram, sent to scien-
tists formerly employed by the
agency, is an "indirect censor-
ship" of legitimate news.
2. Private industry has
been frustrated by censor-
ship in its effort to assist A-
bomb production and H-bomb
3. Secrecy has "poisoned the
relations of the AEC with the
scientific community of Ameri-
ca"-to the point that one uni-
versity, Syracuse, has barred
any future secret research con-
Piel squared off at AEC from
the same platform on which Dr.
Henry D. Smith, a comission mem-
ber, defended the agency's policy
before the editors' annual meeting
here. Smyth explained that AEC
is trying to steer a "middle course"
in its censorship policy. It is dif-
ficult, he said, to balance the
interests of national security
against the need for disseminating
atomic knowledge and preserving
Piel related how Scientific
American stopped its presses on
March 15 after a request from
AEC that it withhold technical
portions of an article by Dr. Hans
Bethe on the hydrogen bomb.
Bethe is a contract consultant to
AEC and a Cornell University
N -ea Tokvo
WASHINGTON-P)-Owen Lattimore yesterday derided charges
that he was a member of a Communist cell and scoffed at Sen. Mc-
Carthy (R-Wis) as a man whose knowledge is limited to "what he
has learned from Charle Chan movies.
Cited by McCarthy as the No. 1 Soviet spy in the United States,
Lattimore turned a torrent of sarcasm on his accusers at a news con-
ference in which he declared:
"As a loyal American citizen who is not and never has been a
Comunist or anything but an American, I say it is long past time to
clean out the cesspool from which~ this campaign of character as-
sassination, intimidation and vilification emanates."
SichigrasBra ws 11,00
LATTIMORE directed s
WASHINGTON - (') - Presi-
dent Truman said yesterday that
millions would suffer serious
hardship if Federal rent controls
die June 30 as scheduled.
He appealed to Congress for a
year's extension of the law to
head off "a wave of exorbitant
rent increases" which, he said
would surely follow a sudden lift-
ing of controls.
FAMILIES EARNING less than
$40 a week would be hardest hit,
the Truman Message said, many
lines of business would be affect-
ed, relief costs would rise and pen-
sions for the aged would be less
The appeal preceded the op-
ening of public hearings on the
issue, the outcome of which is
in doubt. Recent voting tests
made this clear.
The Senate banking committee
will begin five full days of hear-
ings Monday. The House banking
committee has none set.
A FEW WEEKS ago, Congress
slashed a rent office request for
emergency operating funds from
$3,600,000 to $1,400,000 - then
tossed in $2,600,000 to be used
only for discharge pay of employ-
This action threw a shadow
across the agency's future when
the question of continuing con-
trols comes up, perhaps next
WASHINGTON - (W) - Sec-
retary of State Acheson yesterday
r o u n d1y denounced Russia's'
charges that the United States is
violating the Italian Peace Treaty'
by maintaining troops at Trieste.
Acheson told his news confer-
ence the accusations are a com-
bination of "wholly false" state-
ments anid "nonsense."
* * *
THE SECRETARY'S quick re-
jection of Wednesday night's note
from Moscow clearly foreshadow-
ed similar emphatic turndowns by
France and Britain.
In a prepared statement,
Acheson defended the right of
Britain and the United States
to keep troops in Trieste as "in
complete conformity with the
obligations of the Italian Peace
his sharpest barbs at former Com-
>munist leader Louis F. Budenz,
who swore before a Senate inves-
tigating comittee Thursday that
Lattimore helped direct an Ameri-
can-hatched Red plot to betray
China to the Communists.
Lattimore's counterattack cap-
ped a day which saw these other
1. Senate investigators sub-
poenaed Dr. Bella V. Dodd of
New York, a former member of
the U.S. Communist Politburo,
to confront Budenz next Tues-
day on his testimony that high
Communist officials had des-
cribed Lattimore as a Commu-
Dr. Dodd has made a sworn affi-
davit that in her four years in the
Red party's top circles from 1944
to 1948 she never met Lattimore
and never heard of him.
2. The Senate inquiry com-
mittee , headed by chairman
Tydings (D-Md), also sub-
poenaed two former FBI opera-
tives named by McCarthy to
help substantiate his charges
The two are John J. Huber of
Mt. Verno, N.Y., described by Mc-
Carthy as a former FBI undercov-
er agent who wroked inside the
Communist Party for 10 years;!
and Lawrence Kerley, now a New
York Journal-American reporter.
The men who have been entrust-
d with the delicate problem of
conducting our foreign affairs
have made the object of unsup-
ported and blindly virulent at-
tacks that are ruining our stand-
ing abroad, Francis H. Russell de-
clared here last night.
"People overseas who are clos-
er to the threat of Communism
know that you can't catch Com-
munists by throwing stink-bombs,"
the director of the State Depart-
ment's Office of Public Affairs
SPEAKING AT THE initial
meeting of the eighth annual con-
ference of Midwest Political Sci-
entists, Russell said that the dam-
age done by "too many wrenches"
in the machinery of ferreting out
Communists in government will
take time to repair.
He went on to hail the consis-
tency of purpose and principle
in the State Department's pro-
grams to combat Communism
"All of these policies were res-
ponses to concrete situations that
demanded action which was in
the 'art of the possible'."
Walter P. Reuther, president of
the UAW-CIO, will address an
open meeting of the conference
at 4:15 p.m. today in Rackham
Slack Wire Artist
By BOB KEITH
Pandemonium reigned at Yost
Field House last night as the big-
gest Michigras in campus historyv
drew a record-shattering crowd
estimated at more than 11,000
The.spacious building was jam-
med to capacity with the mob of
students and Ann Arborites -
young and old alike - who
thronged the booths and mechan-
PROFESSIONAL slack wire
artist Bob Stanley topped off the
fun-fest with his free comedy an-
tics on a tight rope gone loose.
And it'll all be repeated from
7 to 12. p.m. today when the
traditional carnival opens its
doors to a second night of fes-
For the youngsters, there will be
a special free matinee at 1 p.m.
presided over by little Mary Jane
Brayton and Mike Kabat, who
won the Michigras babyacontest
this week. The field house will re-
main closed during this perform-
ance, but rides and refreshment
stands outdoors will be going,
THE THOUSANDS expected to
attend tonight's performance will
be confronted with scores of gaily
decorated sideshows and game
booths prepared by some 53 cam-
Wiliams House's "human pin-
ball machine" was judged theI
most original attraction last
night, but prizes will be award-
ed later for booths with great-
est attendance and largest in-
An all-expenses-paid evening
with lovely Joan Carl was won
late in the evening by 20-year-old
Knight Houghton, '50. He was the
first carnival-goer to report at
the prize booth with 200 Michi-
bucks won at concessions.
DINNER APRIL 28 at the Un-
ion with the airlines hostess, and
a show or dancing afterwards, are
in stor for Houghton.
Students attending tonight's1
Michigras were warned by ticket
co-chairman Mary Watt to pur-
chase general admission tickets
on the Diag this morning to avoid
huge lines at the door.
Defeat of Red '
tering defeat of the five-day-old
Comunist invasion of Hainan Is-
landtwas claimed late last night
by the Chinese Nationalists.
The Nationalist accounts said
more than 6,000 Reds surrender-
and 2,000 to 4,000 were killed in
all-night battles that ended at
THE HAINAN capital city of
Hoihow reechoed to the popping of
firecrackers as the Riationalists
celebrated the news in traditional
(Stanley R i c h, Associated
* * *
* * *
* * *
Be Fired On
MOSCOW-(UP) .-Russia bros.
quely rejected every demand of
the United States yesterday ove
its missing Baltic plane and re
peated orders to airmen to shoo
down any resisting aircraf
caught over Soviet territory.
The Moscow government in
note declared it was "clearly ab
surd" that the United States de
manded compensation for a four
engined U.S. navy privateer an(
its crew of 10' which disappearec
April 8. The U.S. has insisted. tha
the navy plane was unarmed.
* * *
MOSCOW DECLARED t h
American plane involved that da
in an exchange of fire was a "B
29 flying fortress" which pene
trated 13 miles into Soviet terri
tory south of Lepaya, Latvia
while trying to "photograph So
viet defense installations."
THE WINNAH!-Under a spreading palm tree, captured maidens await their fate on the Delta
Delta Delta-Sigma Phi Epsilon float which won first prize in yesterday's Michigras parade. As ruth-
less South Sea islanders terrify their pretty vic tims, Anne Kermath, '53 Mus., left, boldly faces
dancer Patricia Keast, '51, center, while Nancy Dorsey, '53, right, shies away in fear.
* * * *n* In* * *
'Tarzan Float Wins in Parade
First prize in the colorful Mich-
igras Comic Capers parade yester-
day afternoon was copped by the
Sigma Phi Epsilon-Delta Delta
Delta float, portraying Tarzan in
the midst of apes and sarong-clad
The Sigma Chi-Martha Cook
version of Smoky Stover squirting
out a blaze in Romance Languages
Bldg. won the second place tro-
phy, while third prize was garner-
ed by the flapping, quacking Don-
ald Duck constructed by Alpha.
WHAT'S THAT?-An Ann Ar-
bor youngster stares in amaze-
ment at one of the gigantic,
brightly-colored balloons which
sparked yesterday's Michigras
Keynote speaker at the annual
Phi Beta Kappa initiation ban-
quet, at 6:30 p.m. today in the
League, will be Elmer Davis, noted
radio news analyst.
He will talk on "The Scholar
in a Time of Peril' 'at the banquet
which brings 100 new members
into the national honorary asso-
In addition to 11 years broad-
casting experience, Davis has
been on the staff of the New York
Times and is the author of many
books, including "Times Have
Changed," "Love Among the Ru-
ins" and "Show Window."
By The Associated Press
BERLIN-The Western Powers
invited the Russians to return
last night to four-power rule in
Berlin but without the veto privi-
lege that wrecked the old ma-
The American, British and
French commandants in a joint
news conference told correspon-
dents they "hope" the Soviets go
along with a proposal for city-
wide elections and then come back
to the Kommandatura.
* * *
sources said King Leopold agreed
yesterday to stay out of Belgium
while his 19-year-old son, Prince
Baudouin, takes over interim
NEW YORK-Scattered walk-
ou tflared along America's vast
grid of telephone wires yesterday,
threatening to blaze into an all-
out national phone strike next
Gamma Delta and Phi Kappa Tau.
*' * *
HONORABLE mention awards1
went to Zeta Psi's Mrs. Katzen-
jammer, Kappa Sigma and Chi
Omega's Terry and the Pirates
and the Keystone Kop melodrama
conducted by Zeta Beta Tau and
Alpha Epsilon Phi.
Judging chairman Judy Loud,
'50, reported close decisions in
every category, with scores of
magnificent floats competing in
the mile-long parade.
Raucous clowns, calliopes, an-
cient cars and bands from campus
and nearby high schools added to
the carnival flavor as thousands of'
students and townspeople lined
Ann Arbor streets, ten deep in
places, to witness the spectacle.
YOUNGSTERS got their biggest
thrill out of the gigantic helium-
inflated rubber balloon figures of
Indians, animals and toy soldiers.
Brought in direct from New York
by the Ann Arbor Retail Mer-
chants Association, the balloons
appeared in this area for the first
A slight drizzle earlier in the
afternoon threatened to post-
pone the parade until today, but
the sun broke through the clouds
in the nick of time.
The only serious mishap occur-
red just after the parade got under
way when Joanne Hoey, '50, fell
off the Chi Psi-Sorosis float. Miss
Hoey sustained leg and arm in-
juries and was taken to Health,
Service for x-rays and treatment.
Judging the some 35 entries yere
Cecil Creal, head of the Ann Arbor
City Council; Marvin Niehuss,
vice-president of the University;
Marie Harwig, of the physical edu-
cation department, and Sander-
son Smith, Grad.
It repeated the assertions of
the Soviet protest of April 11
that a B-29 ignored signals to
land, fired on Soviet fighters
and disappeared toward the
Baltic sea when the Soviet
fighters fired back.
Therefore, the note declared,
the Soviet government cannot ac-
cept even "for examination" the
American demands made three
THESE DEMANDS included
compensation, severe punishment
of the responsible Soviet aviators,
a thorough Soviet investigation of
the incident and categorical
guarantees against a recurrence.
The Soviet note was handed
to U.S. Ambassador Alan G.
Kirk at noon by Foreign Minis-
ter Andrei Vishinsky. It con-
cluded by declaring the United
States was trying to "cover up
the illegal actions of certain
of its subordinates who dis-
graced themselves by grossly
violating the generally recog-
nized rules of international
Secretary of State Dean Ache-
son told a news conference in
Washington the Soviet charges
that a B-29 invaded Soviet'terri-
tory were "fictitious allegations"
which the Russians knew were
THE CATEGORICAL rejection
of the American demands anger-
ed members of Congress. House
Democratic Leader McCormack
(Mass.) suggested it was time to
break dimplomatic relations with
Russia. The House suspended oth-
er business and voted 330 to 0 to
award posthumous honors to the
10 lost fliers. The Senate already
had approved the resolution.
Chairman Vinson (D-Ga.) of
the House armed services commit-
tee declared the Russian armed
services had committed an "act
of aggression," "a murderous, das-
tardly, despicable act which has
been officially condoned by the
WASHINGTON -(VP) - T he
United States hit back yesterday
at an anti-American campaign in
Communist Czechoslovakia with
an order closing down the Czech
consulate general rin Chicago.
The newest development in
the American tit-for-tat policy
toward the Soviet bloc was in
retaliation for Czechoslovakia's
shutdown of the U.S. Informa-
tion Service and its demand for
PREDICTS RED PUSH:
Trieste Student Claims
Soviet Protest Insincere
Russia's note to the Western
powers demanding that occupa-
tion troops clear out of the Tr-
este area is a well timed propa-
ganda stunt to stir up a flame in
the compact Mediterranean hot-
bed, Alvise Barison,gGrad., of Tri-
este charged last night.
"The Soviet demands are aim-
ed at starting trouble in Trieste,
which, along with Berlin and Vi-
enna, will be a major center of
action when the Communists be-
there as false. "There are no
more than 12 small customs
boats in Trieste permanently."
Pointing out that the Soviet
notice made no mention of the
removal of Yugoslav troops oc-
cupying Zone "B" of Trieste, Bar-
ison said that Kremlin officials
may be trying to win Tito back
to their fold.
* * *
"IF BRITISH and American
forces withdrew from Trieste it
Pollock to Address New Hoover Group
Prof. James K. Pollock, chair-
man of the political science de-
partment, will speak at an organi-f
zational meeting of a proposedf
caimpus branch of the Citizens
support for the findings of the
* * *
ESTABLISHED immediately af-
ter the Commission's recommenda-
ized Tuesday will be part of this
Prof. Pollock, who was a mem-
ber of the Hoover Commission, will
Rwynlo~ithe mnurnoses andi oals of