THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1950,
I9 . . -
THOMnAS L. STOKES:
xA nd McCarthy
WASHINGTON-Do you remember that
very strong and vocal movement of a
few weeks back, on the heels of the H-bomb
announcement, for some new effort to get
peace in the ,world, for some new approach
to Russia, directly or through the United
It was set off by prominent public leaders
in and out of Congress, including Senators
McMahon (Democrat of Connecticut), chair-
man of the Joint Atomic Energy Committee,
and Tydings (Democrat of Maryland), chair-
man of the Armed Services Committee, and
Harold Stassen, now president of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania. It brought a wide-
spread public response.
* * *
THAT WAS SO because it represented the
best aspirations o the American peo-
ple, as well as their earnest hopes.
The public pressure got so powerful
that it appeared that President Truman
and Secretary of State Dean Acheson,
who has been unreceptive, were on the
point of beginning new explorations in
Whether it had anything to do with it
or not, this hopeful public movement wilted
away with Senator Joe McCarthy's tom-
tom calling, of various and sundry people
in the State Department Communists and
pro-Communists and such. He turned the
Senate into a veritable whispering gallery.
So now what do we see and hear?
NOT ONLY those wrongfully and reck-
lessly accused, but everybody connected
with the State Department and our foreign
policy, now vie with each other in denoun-
cing Russiaand all her works. The proof
of purity has now become how many names
one can call Russia and how righteous one
can get on that subject.
Some of the statements of renunciation
go to silly extremes. But this is, indeed,
a silly season. It creates a strange and
unreasoning basis on which to conduct
foreign policy in times like these.
From this center here, the national cap-
ital, the "hate" waves radiate outward among
the people and the suspicions generated by
the Wisconsin Senator multiply whisper by
Whisper. The result is a paralysis of sound
and sober and constructive thinking about
the big over-all problem today of peace in
the world, which is rather important, and
which is being shoved further and further
pinto the background.
Less and.less do people dare raise their
voices lest they be called Communist or pro-
Communist. It is a poisonous sort of atmos-
* * *
IT IS NOT UNTIL you back away and recall
events of the last few weeks, the
announcement that we would make the H-
bomb, the real movement that immediate-
ly developed for some new approach toward
an adjustment of our differences with Rus-
sia, and then its sudden wilting away under
the McCarthy attack, that you see in per-
spective what has happened. It makes you
wonder. Perhaps it is significant.
The fear and suspicions aroused by the
McCarthy campaign have had an effect,
too, in other directions - on our domestic
They have given an impetus in Congress to
pending bills designed in various ways to
tighten security and get at Communists and
spies, but which are so broad and vague
that they could threaten our basic liberties.
The McCarthy fright technique has made it
more difficult to fight such measures. We
already have plenty of laws that give the
FBI and other security agencies sufficient
scope within which to work to catch actual
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PETER HOTTON
Extending the Franchise
"Guess I'm Sure Of Another Term, Anyhow"
Hawaii & Alaska .,.*.
T HE PERENNIAL efforts of the advocates
of Hawaiian statehood have again come
to a climax in the bill recently passed by the
House of Representatives and now before the
Senate. A similar bill was passed in 1947 by
the House, but died in a Senate committee.
. This year a new obstruction has present-
ed itself. The statehood of Alaska is a part
of the same bill. But there is no logical
reason why the two territories should be
considered together, when there are such
marked differences in their qualifications.
Different reasons have been presented by
both of the territories in their application
for statehood. Hawaii has emphasized her
advanced political, social and economic de-
velopment as obvious evidence of her pre-
paredness for admission. Alaska, on the
other hand, wants statehood because of the
misrule under the present territorial form of
Hawaii has a population of 540,000, which
is six times the size of Alaska's, which is be-
tween 80,000 and 90,000. Hawaii's popula-
tion is larger than that of any other state
at the time of its admission to the Union,
with the exception of Oklahoma. Today
Hawaii's population exceeds that of Nevada,
Wyoming, Delaware and Vermont.
But one of the major objections to the ad-
mission of Alaska is its small population an'
the fact that having two Senators in Con-
gress would give a voter in Alaska 60 times
as much influence as a voter in a more pop->
lated state such as Michigan.
Hawaii is economically well developed,
its industry being largely agricultural with
sugar and pineapple the predominant pro-
ducts. Alaska is not so well off economical-
ly and its industry is concentrated largely
in fishing, mining and furs. Furthermore,
Hawaiian industry is predominantly un-
der local control, while major Alaskan in-
dustry is run by absentee ownership.
Fifty-seven per cent of the land in Hawaii
is privately owned, whereas in Alaska tw6
per cent of the land is owned by individuals.
The federal government's disposal of the re-
maining 98 per cent of Alaskan land which
is now public domain, if Alaska should be-
come a state, would be a highly controversial
The fiscal policies of Hawaii and its eco-
nomic conditions now and for many years
have demonstrated its fitness for statehood.
It is not a burden to the United States, bu
as a territory now pays to the federal Trea-
ury more than 14 states do. The percentage
of individuals in Hawaii filing federal tax
returns exceeds that of 26 states.
The government of Hawaii is patterned
after our state governments and has prov-
ed itself to be a well-administered one.
For more than 40 years Hawaii has had
complete local self-government except for
the appointment of Governor, Secretary
and the Judges. It is self-supporting and
pays all the expenses of territorial and
county governments. The interest of its
people in public affairs is aptly demons'
strated by the fact that 85 per cent of
registered Hawaiian voters voted in their
last election. (in the United States 51 per
cent of the eligible voters cast ballots in
the last presidential election.)
When the House of Representatives passed
a bill to enable Hawaii to become a state, in
1947, the bill was sent to theCommittee on
Interior and Insular Affairs in the Senate,
who refused to act upon it without further
investigation. The bill died in committee be-
cause the Senators wanted to postpone ac-
tion until those who wished had visited Ha-
The fact that the House of Representa-
tives has again passed a bill favoring state-
hood for Hawaii proves that the Congress-
men still find Hawaii has met all the re-
quirements exacted for admission to t;
Many political observers feel that Hawaii's
strong Republican party traditions will to
the major obstruction to the granting of i@
statehood in the current session of the Sen-
ate, unless Alaska, which has always been
Democratic, is admitted at the same time.
But it is unfortunate that both terri-
tories have been included in the same
bill. The only similarity that exists be-
tween the two is that they are both stra-
tegic land areas and are separated from
the land of the present United States.
In deciding qualifications which would
make a territory a beneficial addition to the
United States, each territory should be
judged on its own merits and action taken
District of Columbia . .
"PITY THE POOR HAWAIIAN," seems to
be the plaint of a goodly number of my
editorial colleagues these days. And certain-
ly their arguments for Hawaiian statehood
are absolutely valid. But while the subject
of new states and new voters is being boot-
ed around, I think another situation under
the same heading should be kept in mind,
namely: the denial of votes to the residents
of the District of Columbia.
We Washingtonians are a sad but apt ex-
ample of what the lack of voting rights can
do. Congressmen, naturally enough, pay at-
tention first to the wants of the people back
home. But we in this Potomac "paradise"
are the "people back home" to no legislator.
Therefore we get the crummiest crumbs of
attention from the table of Congressional
Of course we've been fighting for decades
to get a voice, even a faint one, in our gov-
erning, but without those votes we're up a
creek. A real vicious cycle, that.
The reasons for our not getting the vote
are obscure. Plebiscite after plebiscite has
shown that we are overwhelmingly in favor
of the move. There are numerous commit-
tees of us paddling about telling all and sun-
dry - mainly Congressmen - how we feel,
yet the home rule bills always seem to get
mired in committee.
There is some talk that it's the southern
Congressmen who are keeping us voteless.
Afraid to let the Washington Negroes get
the vote, you see. But people who say that
are probably Communists, of course.
But probably the real reason behind our
votelessness lies in the surprise with whch
most people hear about it for the first time.
The country at large just doesn't seem to
realize the thralldom we live under. Thus,
if this condition so patently unfair, were
publicized throughout the country enough,
I think that sooner or later it would be rem-
So go right ahead. Pity the poor Hawaiian,
but while you're doing it, don't forget to re-
member the voteless Washingtonian.
WITH THE blessing of a Republican can-
didate for governor-Fred M. Alger, Jr.,
Michigan's secretary of state-the 18-year-
old vote issue has become something more
than an issue to be opposed because Gover-
nor Williams happened to introduce it.
While the most common argument in fav-
of of the 18-year-old vote seems to be "if
he's old enough to fight, he's old enough to
vote," it does not seems to be the soundest.
All that argument means is "if he's old
enough to fight, he deserves to vote," re-
gardless of whether he is capable of doing
so. Being in the army requires a minimum
of individual responsibility; intelligent vot-
ing, nearly the maximum.
So the basic issue in the 18-year-old vote
would seem to be whether the 18-year-old is
mature enough to accept the responsibility of
Being mature enough to vote requires
essentially, three things: first, being ma-
ture enough to accept the responsibility of
merely going to the polls; second, dis-
criminating intelligently between the bet-
ter or best candidate available once at the
polls; third, some basic idea of what gov-
ernment is all about.
It would seem that, inasmuch as the aver-
age 18-year-old has just graduated from
high school, where he has most probably
been trained in his civic responsibilities, that
he would have the first and third qualifi-
cations. But there is perhaps some question
as to whether he is still young enough to
be swayed by skillful vote-getters who are
also inferior candidates; whether his train-
ing would enable him to pick the best candi-
If the 18-year-old is not capable of accept-
ing these responsibilities, will three years of
knocking around make him so? An examina-
tion of the present voting population-ex-J
cepting Georgia, where 18-year-olds do vote
-seems to indicate that very little is ab-
sorbed in three, or 33, years.
If 50 per cent of the eligible voters turn
out for an election, it is considered a minor
miracle. And the fact that most people tend
to vote either as their parents' did, or as
their region does, would seem to indicate
that other influences-such as platinum
oratory or bribery-is a minor element in
vote swaying. Certainly the 18-year-old
would tend to vote much more like his par-
ents or friends-who vote regionally-than
the older citizen.
And the make up of Congress and var-
ious legislatures does not seem to indicate
that the present electorate has any infal-
ible talent in selecting the better or best
There is some opposition to the 18-year-
old vote on the grounds that it may lead to
juvenile office-holders or loosening of res-
trictions on minors, such as drinking regu-
lations. The latter seems, in most cases, a
problem, since the 18-year-old vote would
not probably mean that the 18-year-old
would be legally an adult; it would only
mean he is voting as a minor.
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued fromPage 3)
Interviews for men and women
for the rest of the week will be
listed in the Daily Tues., April 18.
Several are now arranged and
University Lecture. "La Langue
francaise d'aujourd'hui: le fran-
cais commun, son evolution," M.
Charles Bruneau, Professor of the
History of the French Language
and Director of French Studies,
The Sorbonne, Paris; auspices of
the Department of Romance Lan-
guages and Literatures. 4:15 p.m.,
Wed:, April 5, Rackham Amphi-
University Lecture. "The Craft
Movement in Japan" (illustrated).
Bernard Leach, well-known Eng-
lish potter; auspices of the Depart-
ment of Fine Arts and the Cen-
ter for Japanese Studies. 4:15 p.m.,
Thurs., April 6, Rackham Amphi-
tetteP TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
bp condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
Geology 12: All students
take their exa ,inations at
same time on Wed., April 5.
To the Editor:
HAD to make my weekend brief
I in order to listen to Mr. Stas-
sen's speech, the other day. The
man is a politician and he knows
how to please the young genera-
tion; to make them laugh, and to
make them happy; but that is
only for a moment.
What was the constructive
value of the speech? Looking back
at the statements of Mr. Stassen,
I didn't see any thing he said to
have any value, as a directive to
the students on the great social
and economic changes taking
place now before our own eyes.
In the midst of a "total diploma-
tic" war or Cold War. In his
speech, he concentrated on the
Russians as if they were the force
which directs the present's politi-
cal and economic crisis.
The statement about Stalin,
that he met with misfortune is
another sensationalism coming
from a man who has seen Stalin
in person; and all newspapers
took this view as news and a fact
from the former governor of Min-
nesota, now president of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania. This is
wishful thinking and if it's true,
it would not help the present cri-
sis in the U.S. to eliminate the
taxes, to reduce the seven million
unemployed. Stalin is an indivi-
dual and his death will not af-
fect the future of the world as
the death of our great President
Franklin Delano Roosevelt didn't
affect the winning of the World
War II individuahl.
He blames the underproductivi-
ty of the British labor under So-
cialism to bring these crisis that
there is nothing better than free
enterprises for prosperity in Eng-
land. Mr. Stassen knows it was not
true Socialism in England, New
Zealand, and Australia. The Labor
government still retains its colon-
ial and private ownership policies.
Such a government is not Socialist
in the true sense of the word. It
still retains the King and the
Queen. But Mr. Stassen had to
throw out these facts to justify
capitalism which, at the begin-
ning, hundreds of years ago, was
progressive but has now become
reactionary and does not function
right. It is not like it used to be;
depressions come often, the wars
become more brutal, and now, the
future war will be fought with
A-bomb. It is not like it used to
be, now we have about seven mil-
lion out of work, in other words,
unemployed. Mr. Stassen didn't
say a word about these social
problems and what is their solu-
-George D. Moskoff
To the Editor:
S a present patient in the Uni-
versity Hospital may I offer my
comments on the increase in rates
I have had opportunity to talk
to the many various workers here
in the Hospital: resident physi-
cians and surgeons, internes, sen-
ior medical students, nurses, stu-
dent nurses, nurses' aides, practi-
cal nursing students, ward atten-
dants, and maintenance help. If I
have overlooked the clerical help
it has been because I have not
had the chance to talk to them (as
yet) nor yet to Dr. Kerlikowski.
It is my general impression that
without a single exception all the
above-named personnel are poorly
paid, are aware that they are
poorly paid, and are aware that
their chances for a raise are ex-
tremely slim. An interne here re-
ceives approximately $88 a month.
A practical nurse student, who
does almost the work of a nurse
receives $3 per day, not including
I could continue these outra-
geous examples of exploitation (a
chief resident after five years of
hospital experience gets $150 a
month) but I wish to come to the
point: none of the increase in
rates appears to be budgeted to
alleviating the distressing exploi-
tation racket imposed on these
Are machines and equipment
then more important to Dr. Ker-
likowski and his Board than
I understand the turnover in
in personnel is quite large here. It
is understandable and I should
like to attempt to explain it in a
future letter as well as to expose
some of the seamier sides of the
As you see, I do not object to
the raise in patient rates, at least
not strenuously. It is only the mis-
uses of these raises I am under-
-Edward Tumin, '47
* * -*
To the Editor:
PEOPLE are again petitioning
for candidacy to the Student
Legislature and before long we
shall be in a flurry of campaign-
ing again. About a thousand dol-
lars will be spent on campaigns
and a great many more hours. We
will all be exhorted dozens of
times to vote-and for what is it
all done? Around election time, I
think we ought to ask ourselves
We know that the Legislature
sponsors several events a year,
makes recommendations to the
SAC, attempts to calendar campus
events, and purchases pins for re-
tiring members. Do these activi-
ties merit all the time and money
they cost? Perhaps they could be
performed with less trouble-say
by a competent clerk or a group
of volunteer students.
Another consideration: Every-
one knows that the Legislature is
not a fairly representative group
and for that reason neither stu-
dents nor administration have
much faith in its decisions.
These questions deserved to be
asked: Is the Student Legislature
worth its salt? Does it merit con-
tinued support? Should it be over-
hauled? I realize that I have pre-
sented considerations leading to
negative answers. However, I don't
recommend this conclusion be-
cause more information should be
When the facts are known, how-
ever, students should make their
opinion felt. Let's not vote just to
flatter the egos of prestige-seeking
groups and individuals, as many
Doctoral Examination for Hu-
bert Odell Waldby, Political Sci-
ence; thesis: "Public Personnel
Practices in Oklahoma State Gov-
ernment," 10 a.m., Thurs., April 6,
304 South Wing. Chairman, C. F.
Bacteriology Seminar: 9 a.m.,
Thurs., April 6, 1520 E. Medical
Bldg. Speaker: Mr. L. Jack Bren-
ner. Subject: Hormones and Re-
sistance to Infection.
Engineering Mechanics Seminar:
4 p.m., Wed., April 5, 101 W. En-
gineering. Mr. Lawrence 'T'albot
will discuss "Elementary Charact-
eristic Theory." All interested per-
Physical - Inorganic Chemistry
Seminar: 4:07 p.m., Wed., April 5,
1400 Chemistry. Prof. Leo Gold-
berg will discuss "Infra Red Spec-
troscopy of the Earth's Atmos-
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for DROPPING
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD
will be Saturday noon, Apr. 8. A
course may be dropped only with
the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instruc-
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for REMOVAL OF
INCOMPLETES will be Saturday
noon, Apr. 8. Petitions for exten-
sion of time must be on file in
the Secretary's Office on or before
Saturday noon, Apr. 8.
University Symphony Orchestra,
Waynie Dunlap, Conductor, will be
heard in its annual spring concert
at 8:30 p.m., Thurs., April 6, Hill
Auditorium. The program will op-
en with "An April Overture," by
Lee Eitzen, a graduate student in
the School of Music. It will be fol-
lowed by "Don Juan" by Richard
Strauss, "Suite No. 2 in B minor"
for flute and strings by Bach, and
"Symphonic Metamorphosis o f
Themes by C. M. von Weber," by
Hindemith. Nathen Jones, gradu-
ate student of flute, will appear as
soloist. The public is invited.
Student Recital: Joyce Edgar,
mezzo-soprano, will be heard in a
recital at 4:15 p.m., Wed., April 5,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Bachelor of Music
degree. A former pupil of Philip
Duey, liss Edgar is studying at
present with Arthur Hackett. Pro-
gram: Works by Purcell, Handel,
Sibella, Rossini, Franz, and Block.
Open to the public.
Faculty Concert: Paul Doktor,
violist, and Benning Dexter, pian-
ist, assisted by Lare Wardrop, obo-
ist, will present a program at 8:30
p.m., Wed., April 5, Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theater. Program: Sonata in
F minor by Pietro Nardini, Trio
Sonata in F major by C. P. E.
Bach, Sonata in A minor by Ross
Lee Finney, another member of the
School of Music faculty, and Sona-
ta in F minor, Op. 120, No. 1, by
Johannes Brahms. The public is
of us have done in the past.
Rther_ we should vote only if the
Student Recital: Irene Assik, pi-
anist, will present a program at
4:15 p.m., Thurs., April 6, Lydia
Mendelssohn Theater, in partial
ful'fillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music.
Compositions by Bach, Beethoven,
Hindemith and Debussy. Open to
the public. Miss Assik is a pupil of
Canterbury Club: 7:15 and 10:15
a.m., Hold Communion. 5:15 p.m.,
Evening Prayer and Meditation.
7:30-10 p.m., Rev. and Mrs. Burt
are at home to all students and
Wes t minis t er Presbyterian
Guild: 5 p.m., Lenten Vespers.
"Defeat-Victory." Tea, 4-5 p.m.
Lutheran Student Association:
Wednesday Tea and Coffee Hour
at the Center, 4 to 5:30 p.m.
Economics Club: "The Use of
Sample Surveys for the Analysis
of Consumer Behavior." Dr. James
N. Morgan and Dr., Lawrence R.
Klein, Research Associates, In-
stitute for Social Research. 7:45
p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Accounting Students: "Theory
vs. Practice." Mr. Donald J. Bevis,
Partner of Touche, Niven, .Bailey,
and Smart. 8 p.m., 131 Business
Administration. Coffee hour. At-
tendance at this talk will serve as
the basis for determining the in-
terest in an Accounting Club.
English, Graduate Journal Club:
8 p.m., East Conference Room,
Rackham Bldg. Mr. Thomas Ross
will discuss "A Method of Revalua-
tion: William Dunbar." Discussion
of methodology and the 15th cen-
tury Scottish poet.
" English Department Coffee Hour,
sponsored by the Union Staff, 4-5
p.m., Terrace Room, Union. All
students and faculty invited.
Modern Poetry Club: 7:30 p.m.,
Ann Arbor Room, League.. Dis-
cussion of "Fern Hill."
Student Legislature: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Rm. 3RS, Union. Pick
up Agenda in SL Office any time
Library Science Discussion Group:
8:30 p.m., 110 General Library.
Topic: College Library Problems.
Discussion led by Mr. H. A. Bru-
baker of Lawrence College.
Grad Outing Club: A list has
been left at the desk at Rackham
where grads may sign up (and
leave a fee) by today for over night
Delta Sigma Pi: Business meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., chapter house.
(Continued on Page 5)
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LES JOURS HEUREUX, with Judith
Raub, Ernestine Masters, Arthur Hanson,
Patricia Sly, Warren Bunyan, and Owen
CLAUDE-ANDRE PUGET'S psychologi-
cal study of five youngsters left on their
own for 24 hours by their parents received
extremely well at presenting the awkward
mannerisms of a 17-year-old school boy
and Miss Masters seemed to be enjoying her
most dramatic moments to the fullest.
As Pernette, the 16-year-old girl in love
with the aviator, Patricia Sly had what
was perhaps the most difficult role. She
Are you all right? Can you
get out, Mr. O'Malley?-
S-S-S-See what I mean, B-B-B-Barnaby?
1--if you hadn't had your F-F-Fairy
Y-Y-You might hao
in that treacherou
1...._... _ . =. _