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April 04, 1950 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1950-04-04

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" rr rillrWYY iy r lll .. . '.: Ir~ll ITUES ."".YY":APRIL 4. 1950""r
U ._________________________________________________

Kerr Bill
LAST WEEK Congress passed a bill which,
if it becomes law, will knock the teeth out
of the federal government's authority to
regulate a vital public utility-the natural
gas industry.
On the surface, this legislative atrocity
looks rather harmless. It merely would
prohibit the Federal Power Commission
from regulating the price of gas delivered
to pipelines by independent producers for
interstate transmission.
Up to now, these prices have been low
enough so that the FPC has not bothered
them, even though a Supreme Court decision
a few years ago indicated that it has the
power to do so. However, recent hikes in gas
prices have caused a good many FPC mem-
bers to think that the commission should
use such power. The bill in question would
make such action impossible.
Why is the power to regulate these in-
dependent gas producers so important?
To begin with, something like 86 per cent
of the nation's gas reserves are controlled
by these so-called independents. A list of
them would include some of the world's
largest oil companies which are capable of
a considerable degree of monopoly action.
If prices of gas which these producers sell
are unregulated, the regulation of gas pipe-
line companies by the FPC and the regula-
tion of local public utility companies by
state commissions could do little to protect
the public against excessive prices which
might be charged by this naturally mono-
polistic industry.
In the Interstate Natural Gas case of 1948,
Chief Justice Vinson clearly pointed out the
dangers of lack of control at the producer
In his words, "Unreasonable charges ex-
acted at this stage of the interstate move-
ment become perpetuated in large part in
fixed items of costs which must be covered
by rates charged subsequent purchasers of
the gas, including the ultimate consumer."
Thus, the legislation in question could
very well lead to higher prices for the gas
which you and I and every other consumer
of natural gas purchases.
What is the purpose of this bill?
It looks very much as if it were designed
to bring higher profits to gas producers.
Its chief backer, Sen. Robert Kerr (D.-
Okla.), happens to be a large independent
producer of natural gas. The Kerr bill
drew most of its support from Congress-
men representing gas producing states.
Right now, it looks as if the Kerr bill will
become law. According to most reports,
President Truman plans to sign it.
If he does, the public will be left way out
on a limb, thanks to the influence of certain
oily interests which might be counted upon
to grease the way for campaign bandwagons
this year and in 1952.
-Paul Brentlinger
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
- - - - - - - -


A cheson and the Cold War

IT IS IRONICAL that Secretary of State
Acheson has been accused by Senator
McCarthy of harboring Communists in the
State Department, when in fact it is be-
cause of Acheson's negative policy toward
Russia that we are accomplishing very
little in the way of ending the cold war. He
has refused to acknowledge anything said by
the Russians as sincere, and has defended
this stand by saying that he would like to
agree and compromise with' the Russians
but past experience has proven that impos-
Acheson has, however, been most con-
siderate in giving the Russians one more
chance to prove that their claims for
peace are honest ones. They are to comply
with the fololwing seven points:
1-Agree to unify Germany under a free
government and cooperate in treaties for
Austria and Japan;
2-Withdraw Soviet "military and police
force" from the satellite countries;
3-End "obstruction" in the UN;
4-Agree to "realistic" atomic control;
5-Refrain from using the "Communist
apparatus" to subvert Western governments;
6-Treat U.S. diplomats with "decency
and respect;
7-Stop distorting the picture of the U.S.
in Russia.
These conditions, while they are perhaps
the minimum steps to peace, were too over-
whelming in their immediate demands for
any nationally minded nation to acquiesce

to. Any nation, when approached in this un-
conditional and dogmatic manner, would
have answered no as Russia did. And not
any willingness on ourspart to compromise
was suggested in these seven points. Russia
will not accept the Baruch atomic plan but
the U.S. has refused to substitute another
There are other voices in Washington,
weak as they may appear to be, amid the
roars of Senators Bridges and McCarthy.
Men like Senators Brien McMahon and
Millard E. Tydings have offered concrete
suggestions. Tydings has asked for a gen-
eral disarmament conference, while Mc-
Mahon urged that a whole new approach
be made; that 50 billion in gifts and loans
over ten years be offered to nations every-
where, including Russia, in exchange for
effective suppression of atomic weapons.
These ideas and others have been ignored
by Acheson.
The chief fault with Acheson's policy is
his attitude of cynicism and antagonism. We
have become as old and tired as failing Eur-
ope. The forces that once made America
great, invention and optimism, have now dis-
appeared. In the eyes of the world we offer
no new positive steps to peace. Acheson is
afraid to say yes to anything as "idealistic"
as MacMahon's many proposals for fear -of
losing face. What no one seems to realize is
that we will lose much more than just face
if we continue this unrelenting negative po-
-Jean Klerman

The 1950 Egg Hunt
- P ?RpGR '
t -
7 .
( roU
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the


(Continued from Page 3)

Injuries from McCarthy


<Q>CED's only accomplishment hasI

. . .

WASHINGTON-Senator Joe McCarthy
has done enough damage to our govern-
ment and to its prestige and that of our
nation abroad in a very critical era by his
wild and slanderous charges about innocent,
upright, patriotic persons in the State De-
partment from behind the cloak of his
Congressional immunity.
But he has started something even more
insidious and poisonous here at home. It
affects the lives of innocent people of probi-
ty and decency, their right of privacy and
freedom from annoyance and persecution.
And if it spreads, it could set neighbor
against neighbor in a ghastly, un-American
Because of the terrible significance of
what has happened here to decent, law-
abiding citizens, and their families, the ex-
periences in two cases, is recited, at the
expense of redundancy, as they were told
to the Senate Foreign Relations subcom-
mittee investigating the McCarthy
** *
SPEAKING, in the first instance, is Mrs.
Esther Caulkin Brunauer, who has served
faithfully in the State Department:
"In my household there are two small
children and an elderly grandmother, be-
sides myself and my husband. We are all
upset and bewildered. Since March 13
(when Joe McCarthy made his charges
about her) we have received anonymous
telephone calls at all hours of the day
and night, accompanied by threats and
profanity, with such advice as 'get out
of this neighborhood, you Communists,
or you will be carried out in a box.'
"All of you who have families will realize
the effects this has on the atmosphere of a
home. You know how much you would feel
it if it was happening in your home.
"Senator McCarthy may have his own
reasons for what he has done and the way

he has done it, but I will never
understand them."

be able to

* * *
Speaking, in the second instance, is
Haldore Hanson, former AP reporter during
the China-Japanese War, who has been in
the State Department for four years. He
told how in the farm community in which
he lives in nearby Virginia one neighbor
had called him "a Russian spy" and "that
"My latest information of this kind," he
said, "concerns a meeting of a county agri-
cultural committee at Leesburg at which a
Virginia state official from Richmond, in
the presence of a large number of farmers,
denounced the growing number of Com-
munists in government and named me as
one of them. As far as I know, he had never
heard of me until Senator McCarthy's
THAT'S WHAT'S happening in the lives
of people, American citizens. It reads like
something from behind the Iron Curtain, or
from the annals of Nazism in Germany. It's
a fearful state for our country: whispers,
suspicion. We'd better take thought - and
Mr. Hanson challenged Senator Mc-
Carthy to say outside what he had said
about him under his Congressional im-
munity and he would sue the Senator
for libel. But the Senator does not ac-
cept the challenge, though he said in his
speech in the Senate, February 20, when
he began making his charges about State
Department personnel:
"I will not say anything on the Senate
floor which I will not say off the floor. On
the day when I take advantage of the se-
curity we have on the Senate floor, on that
day I will resign from the Senate. Anything
I say on the floor of the Senate at any
time will be repeated off the floor."
That was his pledge.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)

To the Editor:
MR. BOGUE and Mr. Laurets
have missed the essential
point in CED's campaign when
they complain that we have not
found evidence of discrimination
in the Medical School. We have
no clear proof of this, and unlike
Mr. Bogue, do not make unsub-
stantial charges. CED's campaign
is not, as Mr. Laurets writes,
"againsththe Medical School." It
is for the reputation of the Uni_
Repeatedly, responsible groups
and individuals in American life
have considered these questions
good cause for ugly suspicions.
The current issue of "Look" con-
tains an article documenting the
situation, and in answer, Univer-
sity officials were forced to deny
the use of a quota system.
Why should they as administra-
tors, and we as students, be forc-
ed to defend the University
against charges which have too
often proved well-founded in the
case of other colleges?
Since these questions are not
used as criteria in accepting stu-
dents, they need not appear on
application blanks at all.
Several deans have declared
that they could be answered after
a student's admission, at the cost
of additional trouble. We think
the University's reputation is well
worth the additional trouble.
Michigan should no longer sup-
port the practices of other insti-
tutions-which do not use the in-
formation for vicious purposes--
by keeping these questions on its
-Allan Silver
* * *
To the Editor:


been to gain "publicity for the
left-wing groups which seem to
steer its policy."
No clique of groups has consis-
tently formulated our policy. And
to add to Mr. Bogue's sparse
store of facts, he should know
that the Young Republicans,
Democrats and Progressives all
approved the content of CED's
recent full-page advertisement-
nor did any other group vote
against it. Let Mr. Bogue now ad-
duce proof for his charge of "left-
wing" domination - as if the
phrase itself were not a precious
example of "rabble-rousing" at
its worst!
Mr. Lauret's criticisms are more
pertinent. But we think he errs
in linking "positive convictions
in his religion and pride in his
people" with one's objections to
giving his race and religion on
an application.
Surely, one may be proud and
unashamednof being a Negro,
Catholic or Jew, but yet be
aware that such questions are
often used for discriminatory pur-
poses and suspicious when asked
them! And Mr. Laurets' desired
lists of individuals who object to
answering these questions will be
forwarded to him if he notifies
CED that he needs it in deciding
whether to sign our petition.
-Chuck Bisdee,
For the Executive Board
Committee to End Discrimination
Two Great Pillars...
To the Editor:
"THE TWO great pillars upon
which all human well-being
and all human progress rest are
the spirit of religion and the
spirit of science, or knowledge."
So stated Dr. Robert Millikan, the
noted scientist, in a recently de-
livered address over CBS.
Dr. Millikan cited universities
and research institutions as pri-
marly being devoted to the second
of these pillars. However, he add-
ed, "But the supreme personal and
individual opportunity of every-
one, without exception, is with
respect to the first."
Students at a university are,
naturally enough, apt to think
only in terms of the spirit of
knowledge. Especially so, when
pressurized by professors who
worship the Sacred Cow of
science. At our university, how-
ever, the establishment of Lane
Hall emphasizes the need for the
spirit of religion also.
Now, college students in Michi-
gan have the opportunity of at-
tending an annual one-day, in-
spirational and educational meet-
ing, held every spring and devoted
to the furtherance of the spirit of
religion as an important part of
human progress. Started in 1947,
the Michigan Student Christian
Convocation is now probably the
most important single event of
the school year for Christian stu-
dents in the state.
On April 22nd the third annual
Convocation will be held at Kala-
mazoo College with Elton True-
blood, author and philosopher;
Nels Ferre, author and philoso-
pher; and Roy Smith, publishing
agent for the Methodist Church,
as main speakers. "The Christian

interview men interested in posi-
tions in sailing, riflery, archery;
also bookkeeper and truck driver.
Representative of Camp Ta-wa.-
ma-ne, Charlevoix, Mich., will be
at the Bureau of Appointments to
interview experienced applicants
-for the following positions: sail-
ing (woman), nature (woman),
general counselor (woman), riflery
(man or woman), and camp nurse.
For appointment, call at Bureau
of Appointments, 3528 Adminis-
tration Bldg. a
Indian Acres Camp for Boys and
Forest Acres Camp for Girls, Frye-
burg, Maine, announced the fol-
lowing vacancies: waterfront di-
rector (man), waterfront director
(woman), music director (man),
dance coach (woman). They are
also interested in a foreign stu-
dent who would be interested in a
camp situation. Upperclassmen or
graduate students preferred. For
further information call at 3528
Administration Bldg.
Summer Positions: Jewish Com-
munity Centers of Chicago an-
nounces vacancies for counselors
in its summer day camps which
are operated in various parts of
the city. For further information
call at Bureau of Appointments,
3528 Administration Bldg.
Employment Interviews:
Peoples Gas, Light and Coke
Company, Chicago, Illinois, will be
in the Office, April 6, to interview
accounting majors graduating in
June for positions in their Gen-
eral Accounting Department; also
mechanical engineers who are
available for immediate employ-
ment. -Application blanks and
booklet of information are avail-
able at the Bureau, 3528 Admin-
istration Bldg., hours 9-12 and
University Lecture. "La Langue
francaise d'aujourd'hui: le fran-
cais commun, son evolution," M.
Charles Bruneau, Professor of the
History of the French Language
and Director of French Studies,
The Sorbonne, Paris; auspices of
the Department of Romance Lan-
guages and Literatures. 4:15 p.m.,
Wed., April 5, Rackham Amphi-
Lecture, auspices of the College
of~ Architecture and Design. "Con-
temporary Pottery and Potters'
Problems" (illustrated). Bernard
Leach, well-known English potter.
4:15 p.m.; Wed., April 5, Archi-
tecture Auditorium.
Academic Notices}
Camp Davis. Engineering stu-
dents who intend to attend the
Camp this summer should notify
Prof. Bouchard of their intention,
if they have not already done so.
Doctoral Examination for Rob-
ert Simion Feldman, Psychology;
Student Looks at FAITH and AC-
TION" will be the theme. Students
are invited to attend from the
University of Michigan and any-
one interested can pick up a regis-
tration form at Lane Hall. This
is an excellent' opportunity for
students to consider the first of
the "two great pillars."
-Lloyd Wm. Putnam
* * *
College Movie-Goers .. .
To the Editor:
I'M NOT A Michigan student,
but I frequently go to the thea-
ters in the University district and
judging from the usual occurences

I'd say the school needed a class
in courtesy.
There are always a couple of
boys who, whenever the screen
bores them, hold their own con-
versations in a normal tone of
voice, and no amount of looks or
"sh's" can shush them.
Then there are always the
pseudo-sophisticates who loudly
guffaw at anything bordering on
the trite or sentimental in the
These annoyers probably make
up less than one per cent of the
college movie-goers, but one of
them goes a long way-a long
way toward ruining the movie for
those within shouting distance.
-Gloria J. Frank

thesis: "The Relationship between
Guidance and the Specificity of
the Fixated Response in the Rat,"
4 p.m., Tues., April 4, West Coun-
cil Room, Rackham Bldg. Chair-
man, N. R. F. Maier.
Engineering Mechanics Seminar:
4 p.m., Wed., April 5, 101 W. En-
gineering. Mr. Lawrence Talbot
will discuss "Elementary Charact-
eristic Theory." All interested per-
sons welcome.
Geometry Seminar: Tues., April
4, 3 p.m., 3001 Angell Hall. Prof.
Stewart, Michigan State College,
will speak on "Maximum Over-
lapping of Two Areas."
Mathematics Colloquium: 4:10
p.m., Tues., April 4, 3011 Angell
Hall. Prof. G. Y. Rainich will speak
"On the Neglected Part of the
Riemann Tensor."
Physical - Inorganic Chemistry
Seminar: 4:07 p.m., Wed., April 5,
1400 Chemistry. Prof. Leo Gold-
berg will discuss "Infra Red Spec-
troscopy of the Earth's Atmos-
Student Recital: Helen Cramer
Simpkins, student of piano with
John Kollen, will present a pro-
gram at,4:15 p.m., Tues., April 4,
in the Rackham Assembly Hall, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master
of Music. It will include works by
Scarlatti, Beethoven, Mozart, Cho-
pin and Brahms, and will be open
to the public.
Faculty Concert: Paul Doktor,
violist, and Benning Dexter, pian-
ist, assisted by Lare Wardrop, obo-
ist, will present a program at 8:30
p.m., Wed., April 5, Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theater. Program: Sonata in
F minor by Pietro Nardini, Trio
Sonata in F major by C. P. E.
Bach, Sonata in A minor by Ross
Lee Finney, another member of the
School of Music faculty, and Sona-
ta in F minor, Op. 120, No. 1, by
Johannes Brahms. The public is
Student Recital: Joyce Edgar,
mezzo-soprano, will be heard in a
recital at 4:15 p.m., Wed., April 5,
Lydia Mendelssohn Theater, in
partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the Bachelor of Music
degree. A former pupil of Philip
Duey, Miss Edgar is studying at
present with Arthur Hackett. Pro-
gram: Works by Purcell, Handel,
Sibella, Rossini, Franz, and Block.
Open to the public.
Exhibition of Japanese Pottery
from the Collection of The College
of Architecture and Design, and
Mr. and Mrs. John W. Hall,
through April 17, First Floor Cor-
ridor, College of Architecture and
Design. Presented in conjunction
(Continued on Page 5)








BACH WAS ONE of the world's two great-
est composers (though there may be a
certain amount of controversy about who
the other one is) and it is no more than
fitting that the University Choir should have
commemorated his death as they did Sunday
evening with an excellent concert. The pro-
gram, including a motet, a cantata, and
cxcerpts from the great Mass in B-minor,
was pcrforrned increasingly well as the con-
cert progressed.
The first work-the motet entitled "q
Jesu Christ, mein's Lebens Licht"-suffered
somewhat from the fact that the brass choir
was slightly too loud. In the cantata, "Eirn
feste Burg ist unser Gott," the Choir achiev-
ed notable success. Beginning with the
mighty opening fugue, and preceeding
through a number of wonderful arias and
an extremely well-sung unison chorale to
Bach's powerful setting of the Lutherap
hymn tune, the work received skillful treat-
ment from all concerned.
But the excerpts from the B-minor Mass
were the most stirring music of the evening.
Following the opening "Kyrie eleison," the
duet "Christe eleison" was beautifully sung
by soprano Norma Heyde and contralto
Gloria Gonan; this in turn was followed
by the second, fugal "Kyrie eleison," which I
felt surpassed even the first one.
The Choir then sang three choruses from
the Gloria section of the Mass, the first
being the "Et incarnatus est." The moving
"Crucifixus,"-and especially its final dra-
matic modulation to G-major-was sung
with great feeling and skill. The rousing "Et
resurrexit" followed directly, as in the Mass.
It is ecstatic music, but the performance
was slightly marred by several slips in the
high and difficult trumpet part, and there
was a tendency for the soprano and bass
sections to drown out the others.
The "Sanctus," with octave leaps for the
Choir's powerful bass setion and the -npn_-

by editorialist Bogue
ter-writer Laurets show

of CED
and let-
both a

e__ - --


Washington Merry-EGoEARound



------ - ---------------- - -- - - .- --------~--- _________________ II

WASHINGTON-When it comes to turn-
ing over loyalty files to the Senate, the
Republicans are up against the fact that
William Howard Taft, father of their top
leader, sided against them and with Harry
Truman. So did six other presidents of the
United States and a House Judiciary Com-
President George Washington was the
first to say flatly "no" in 1796 when he re-
fused to give the House a copy of instruc-
tions to U.S. diplomats who had negotiated
a treaty with Great Britain.
President Thomas Jefferson continued
the precedent by refusing to allow two
cabinet members to supply documents at
the Aaron Burr trial. President James
Monroe also declined to give up papers
about the conduct of naval officers,
while Andrew Jackson was ordered by
the Senate to supply a memo read by him
to his cabinet on removal of public money
from the Bank of the United States. He
Later President Grover Cleveland backed
up his attorney general who would not give
the Senate documents on the removal of a
district attorney.
President John Tyler even sent a message

acquired for the purpose of enabling him to
discharge his constitutional duties. if he
does not deem the disclosure of such in-
formation prudent or in the public interest."
In 1879 the House Judiciary Committee
even rebuked an investigating committee
for trying to pry out State Department
records regarding the conduct of George
F. Seward, a consul-general in China.
"Under our theory of government," the
Judiciary Committee ruled, "all the records
of the executive departments are under the
control of the President. Whenever the
President has returned (as sometimes he
has) that in his judgment it was not con-
sistent with the public interest to give the
House such information, no further .pro-
ceedings have ever been taken to compel the
production of such information. Indeed,
upon principle, it would seem this must be
so. The mischief of the House calling for
documents might easily be a very great
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
New Books at the Library . .
Cahn, Edmond N., The Sense of Injustice.
L.nndon ( (nYvf ,TTnirrs- .' in- e 1 QAT-

lack of the facts and questionable
interpretation of them.
Mr. Bogue writes that we have
"resorted to the most obnoxious
forms of rabble-rousing" and "a'
series of blasts and smears." If to
publish a number of closely reas-
oned and carefully documented
appeals is all this, then we plead
guilty. Otherwise, we request that
Mr. Bogue choose his words more
carefully, or at least furnish a
shred of proof. If he cannot, let
the students judge who is doing
the smearing.
M. Bogue disapproves of our
campaign and recommends "more
reliance" in SL's committee. We
fully support and approve SL's
work and have maintained close
contact with it, but our functions
are not the same.
We believe that adequate train-
ing in the techniques of demo-
cracy demands the participation
of students in problems of com-
mon concern. We have done our
best to inform and mobilize opin.
ion according to the truth as we
see it. Why not credit students
with an interest in their Univer-
sity's welfare and a desire to give
their ideas weight?
Mr. Bogue disdains to take is-
sue with, CED on the specific ar-
guments we have advanced, but
resorts instead to undocumented
charges and appeals to political
prejudice. Thus, he writes that

Fifty-Ninth Year
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Leon Jaros.........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen............... City Editor
Philip Dawson......Editorial Director
Mary Stein..........Associate Editor
Jo Misner............Associate Editor
George Walker.......Associate Editor
Don McNeil..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth....... Photography Editor
Pres H olmes.........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin..........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach......Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... Associate Women's Ed.
Allan Clamage..............Librarian
Joyce Clark.........Assistant Librarian
Business Staff
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangi........ Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff......Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1



_- Member of The Associated Press
Ideals are like stars; you will The Associated Press is exclusively
not succeed in touching them with entitled to the userfor republication
your hands. But like the seafar- of all news dispatches credited to it or
deset o watrsotherwise credited to this newspaper.
ing man on the desert of waters, All rights of republication of all other
you choose them as your guides matters herein are also reserved.
and following them you will reach Entered at the Post office at Ann
and ollwin thm yo wil rachArbor, Michigan, as second-Glass mail
your destiny. matter.
-Carl Schurz subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.

Right upstairs, Mr. O'Malley-Get out of
'- those wet clothes and hop right into bed-i


There! How's that Mr. O'Malley?

1'11 . )/ h-1ein nf~a n n




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