THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, MARCH 28, 1550.
PAGEFOU TTJSDA, MRCH 8,_ _(
In Viet Nam
SWINGING TEMPORARILY from West-
ern Europe and Northern China, the fo-
cus of international power politics has ap-
parently now centered on Southeast Asia.
Secretary of State Dean Acheson recently
crystalized this rapidly developing problem
with a curt warning to the Chinese Com-
munists that any attempt at aggression
against Southeast Asia "would violate the
interests of the United States."
But just where do these American "in-
terests" lie and are they worth the risk
of precipitating another world cataclysm?
Apparently Mr. Acheson was speaking
primarily of the French-controlled republic
of Viet Nam (French Indo-China), located
in the southeast corner of the Asiatic main-
land. Both the United States and Britain
are reportedly considering sending aid -
both financial and military - to the little
country which stands between the Chinese
Communists and the rich mineral deposits
of Malaya and Indonesia.
But Viet Nam, itself, is already. deeply
split internally. In the northern sector a
strong Red force led by Communist Ho Chi
Minh is battling with the forces of the pro-
French Bao Dai government for control of
On the surface then, it would seem that
Mr. Acheson's American "interests" do in-
clude financial support for the Bao Dai gov-
ernment, which might serve as another block
in the path of the rising tide of Commun-
ism. Many observers have reported, how-
ever, that the Bao Dai government is oppos-
ed even by the anti-Communist citizens of
Viet Nam - on the grounds that it is
nothing more than a French puppet domi-
nated by the French army stationed in the
country and designed only to perpetuate
France's Asiatic colonial interests.
In an effort to rally the support of its
critics and to throw off the bonds of French
domination, the Bao Dai government two
weeks ago appealed to the United States for
aid directly - without French supervision.
Paris officials, however, have insisted that
all aid must be handled by themselves, claim-
ing that the Bao Dai government is incap-
able of administering an aid program.
If the United States should give aid di-
rectly to the Bao Dai government it could
quite possibly instill a feeling of loyalty
to the Western world in the minds of the
anti-Communist Viet Nam peoples and
would substantially extend the Truman
program of aid to the underdeveloped
areas of the world.
If, however, the aid is given to Paris
officials to administer as they choose, it will
only perpetuate a decadent and collapsing
French colonial empire. Certainly the Amer-
ican "interests" of which Mr. Acheson
speaks do not include the perpetuation of
such a colonial system designed to subjtgate
dependent countries in the interests of a
greedy mother country.
Washington Merry-Gto -Round
WITH DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-A few bored Senators sat
on the floor yawning. Afternoon had
dragged on to night. Still the debate on the
middle income housing bill went on,
With the air of a man completely fed
up, Charles Tobey, the statesmanlike New
Hampshire . Republican, arose and said
tartly: "When will we grow up? Senators
rise to speak on this important matter,
but no one hears them. Words fall on the
vacant air. They place things in the re-
cord, in the vain hope other senators may
read them. Could there be anything more
ridiculous than the procedure policy of the
Looking about him sorrowfully, Tobey con-
tinued: "We must change the rules so words
of wisdom and pure gold, when, as and if
they flow from lips of senators, will fall on
fertile ground and not on arid soil."
Sadly the Senator from New Hampshire
walked off the floor.
* *. *
REACTIONS TO THE VOICE
AMERICAN DIPLOMATS bring home word
that the Voice of America is definitely,
though slowly, penetrating the Iron Curtain.
Part of its news is passed around by word
of mouth, since few people have radios.
However, here are a few letters sent to the
U.S. in answer to the Voice:
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: JANET WATTS
A GROUP OF RUSSIANS: "Everyone to
whom freedom is dear listens to your broad-
casts. When we left home (they had been
sent to a concentration camp), we gave our
word to send regards to the free voice of
America. It is only after great hardship
this opportunity offered itself to smuggle
out this letter.
"We ask you to broadcast that Andrei
Vishinsky deceives the world when he says
Soviet listeners are indignant at your broad-
casts. Quite the contrary. Make every ef-
fort to overcome the jamming. We listen."
A RUMANIAN: "At least 90 per cent of
radio owners have found your frequencies
and spread the news to those who cannot
listen. Systematic jamming in the times of
the Germans and now the danger from the
new masters discourage no one."
A GERMAN (just returned from four
years as a prisoner in Russia): "I built a
large transmitter in the camp and operated
it. I was often called out of bed at night
to tune in Western stations for the Russian
officers. Even the highest chiefs of police ex-
pressed their joy withzout reticence when
they heard America or London. Despite all
jamming, the broadcasts are heard with the
The letters also show a strong skepti-
cism of Soviet propaganda about the U.S.A.
One Iron Curtain listener wrote:
"Is it true that a capitalist who has in-
vestments in five different states can vote
five times in the same election? This was
used in school to explain the defeat of the
Communists in the elections in the U.S.A."
(Copyright, 1950, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
By AL BLUMROSEN
Just about all the students who read the
report of Douglas McGregor's speech in
Friday's Daily must have nodded their
heads and said "I've heard that before."
And they have. President McGregor stated
expeatly just what every student who has
gotten involved with the University Admin-
istration, has had in mind at one time or
another. He accused our educational sys-
tem of being 'authoritaian. This University is
a good example of what he was talking
He asked the same question that we
have been asking for years:
"If democracy is a workable way of
life, when are we going to provide young
people with the opportunity to learn that
way of life and how to assume personal
responsibility for their behavior?"
This is a good question, and the Admin-
istration thus has failed to give a satis-
In rare instances, such as with The
Daily, the University has let students go
ahead on their own, but generally, any
power given to students to determine their
own way of living has grudgingly slipped
from University hands.
This is not to say that there are no Ad-
ministrators who realize that an educa-
tion is far more than what you get out of
books, is really learning how to live and
developing your total personal capacities.
Many of them do, but as one said last
year, there is a lot of inertia around here
and any step forward must come very
* * *
here is no point in quibbling about ex-
act fields where organizations like the
Student Legislature should be allowed to
operate. That can be worked out. The
main thing I object to is the attitude that,
This is big place, and its job is to get
people through with a minimum of trouble
so that they get their degree and every-
body is happy.
Well, everybody isn't happy.
Every year the University issues a batch
of diplomas to people who have spent four
years here without ever having a chance
to find out what they are capable of,
without knowing how well they can fit
into an active organization,
The obvious answer to this is that stu-
dents should prove themselves capable of
accepting responsibility before it is given
them. This is a nice tail-chasing way of
getting out of a lot of difficulties. How can
students "prove themselves capable" unless
the responsibility is thrust on them. And
unless the University plunges in and throws
this responsibility out saying, "Here it is,
we will help you if necessary but it's yours,"
they are falling down badly on their job.
*a *x *
Another aspect of this tail chasing regard-
ing the SL comes up when officials say
that the student government does not repre-
sent the camoys when only 7,000 students
vote in elections.
This is just another example of cir-
cular reasoning, although more subtle.
As far as most of the students on cam-
pus are concerned, the SL doesn't mean
a thing; it is another student activity
and that's all. And they are just about
They are right because very few people
will go out of their way to show interest
or vote for some group which will have
little influence on ther lives. It is only
when the organization becomes important,
begins to affect the way they live, that
students will vote. But one administrative
view insists on putting the cart before the
horse every time.
Students who find responsibility thrown
upon them will find leadership and group
harmony to do the job. They will make
mistakes, but it is better to make mistakes
in college, than in later life where a job
or a future may depend upon it.
After all, and this is a point over-
looked by too many people, the Univer-
sity is here for the students, not the
students for the University. I do not
think that this editorial, nor President
McGregor's speech, will have much effect
on people who are doing a big job the
way they see it.
Any change of attitude would entail tre-
mendous effort on their part. But until they
accept this responsibility and try to ful-
fill their purpose here, they are depriving
many students of the chance to learn leader-
ship and responsibility that should be a
part of college life.
Musings on Royalty
IT ILL BEFITS a newspaper in the heart
of America to have strong feelings for or
against the return of King Leopold III to
the Belgian throne. Nevertheless, we do ask,
what is the point of a king in a modern'
democracy? There is only one answer: to
serve as a symbol of national unity.
Fifty-eight per cent of the Belgian voters
want Leopold to come back; forty-two per
cent don't. A majority of the Flemings are
pro; a majority of the Walloons are con.
Over the issue the Belgian government fell.
East Pole - West Pole Expedition
/ett&e' TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publiciation at the discretion of the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Sullenberger Case ... .
To the Editor:
CONGRATULATIONS, Mir. Edi-
tor, on the insight which you
show in printing the letter which
you have mistakenly entitled
"Sullenberger Acquittal." The let-
ter demonstrates quite effectively
to what ends individuals who give
lip service to the fight against
discrimination will go to under-
mine the efforts of those who can
onlybe accused of indiscretion
in their tactics. For my part, giv-
en a choice, I find it easier to ac-
cept the motives of these so-call-
ed "twisted, bitter minds" than I
do the motives of these characters
who have the gall to generalize
to the extent that they hold that
all these individuals who actively
participate in the fight against
discrimination are only trying to
"compensate for their 'probably
well-founded' feelings of inferi-
ority." Take off your masks of
self-righteousness and ignorance
Mr. Russell and Mr. Summers -
step to the mirror and look at
yourself. What do you see?
To a degree, we are all preju-
diced against the Negro - you
gentlemen included - because it
takes intellectual honesty and
courage to unlearn the false as-
sumptions upon which our preju-
dice is based.
I quite agree that it would be
wise to try to forget the Sullen-
berger Case. Dr. Sullenberger has
been acquitted in a court of law.
If he DID commit an assault he
has not been acquitted in a court
of conscience. If he, is guilty of
racial discrimination, is he any
more guilty than the rest of us?
We recognize that discrimination
against the Negro exists and we
know that there is no logical basis
for such discrimination and yet
many of us rationalize our posi-
tions by criticising the honesty
and sincerity of ALL who do not
sit back and wait passively for
the Negro race to acquire the re-
spect which it deserves under
God's law of equality among men.
May I suggest that we set up a
reading room on campus in which
a collection of books and mater-
ials could be kept where each of
us who is interested could go to
read and study rationally the ram-
ifications of this problem of ra-
cial and religious discrimination?
-Paul H. Graffius
* * *
Sunday Dream . .
To the Editor:
LAST SUNDAY in my midnight
I slept and had a dream
In which my soul was sore
Whilst tears my eyes made dim;
And dreamt about the little birds,
Oft rapted and enslaved
And forced to tennant ironguards,
In vulgar language-caged.
Sight cannot see, nor hearing
The outpourings of woe
From of these creatures of this
That they are treated so;
Their muffled sorrows are too
For human beings to know.
Were birds not made by God to
And men to walk below?
. * *
No one would like to be enslaved
However fair the chains.
True Liberty is heart-engraved
In all with blood-filled veins.
All living creatures on this Sphere
Have equal claims to live!
Why some should live in constant
E'en God may not conceive!
Which one of us would like his
To be in such a plight,
To be enslaved, however styled,
From home, by wit or might?
Treat all as you would treat
Both man, and bird and beast.
For none can measure wordly pelf
With Freedom, in the least.
* * 'I,
Quad Life .
To the Editor:
THE MOST common criticism
one hears on life in the resi-
dence halls is that the student los-
es his individualism and becomes
merely "a number on a dormi-
tory door". This is due, it is
further asserted,hto the large num-
ber of students living in the houses
or the quadran e. This may be
partially true, however I feel that
the progenitors of this argument
have not completely investigated
and analyzed the situation. The
difficulty that is encountered
within the halls is one which is
inherent in almost every campus
activity and organization today. It
is of course student apathy. We
in residence hall government are
trying to break down this apathy
in the residence halls by concen-
trating on the smaller unit, the
floor, a group of about 50 men.
Such things as individual floor
representation and informal floor
meetings with sandwiches and
coke are just coming into the fore.
We are trying to establish, what
might be called an "esprit de
house", a spirit which will encour-
age the residents to partake to a
greater extent in the abundant ac-
tivities that are found in the house
These activities are plentiful
and diversified. The great variety
of activities is due to a large ex-
tent, to the great number of in-
terests that can be found in larg-
er groups. Some of the activities
and projects that "Johnny East
Quadder" can participate in are,
a camera club, a radio station
WEQN which broadcasts through-
out the quad, 3 literary groups
which include creative writing,
newspaper work and evaluation
of the great classics, a music ap-
preciation group, a choral group
conducted and accompanied by
students, language tables, 2 big
annual dances, one of which util-
izes all four dining rooms, an ex-
tensive intramural sports program
as presented by the I.M. staff,
sports dinner, honors dinner, house
government, quad government,
debates, and Sunday Musicales.. .
In smmary, in the house and
quadrangles one may find many
activities and projects, some of
which are only possible in organ-
izations with large membership.
(Continued from Page 3)-
Hill Auditorium, will be devoted to
compositions by Bach. Both are
open to the public without charge.
Student Recital: Mary Margaret
Poole, pianist, will present a pro-
gram at 8:30 p.m., Wed., Mar. 29,
Rackham Assembly Hall, in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the Master of Music degree. Com-
positions by Beethoven, Mozart,
Schubert and Brahms. Open to the
public. Miss Poole is a pupil of
Student Recital: Larry Owen,
student of violin with Gilbert Ross,
will play, a recital at 4:15 p.m.,
Tues., Mar. 28, Rackham Assembly
Hall, .as partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of
Master of Music. Compositions by
Vivaldi, Chausson, Bach, and Pro-
kofieff. Open to the public.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Second Annual Student
Arts Festival Exhibit and Objects
from the Museum Collections, thru
Apr. 16; weekdays 9-5, Sundays
2-5. The public is invited.
Christian Science Organization:
Testimonial meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Upper Room, Lane Hall.
Craft Shop will be open from
7:30 to 9:30 p.m. at Lane Hall.
Canterbury Club: 5:15 p.m., Eve-
ning Prayer and Meditation. 7:30
p.m., Seminar on St. Paul's Epistle
to the Romans.
N.S.A. Comiittee of S.L.: Meet-
ing, 4 p.m., Union. Committee re-
Electrical Engineering Research
and Journal Discussion Group: 4
pm., 3072 E. Engineering. Mr. Rob-
ert W.nOlthuis will discuss "An
No one is coerced into participat-
ing in these projects. The men are
free to chose their own friends
from a large heterogeneous group.
Along with these many opportun-
ities that the house and quads af-
ford, they do not offer discrimi-
nation, selective grouping, or an
atmosphere conducive to creating
an "air of superiority" on a racial
or religious plane. The residence
halls are therefore, fulfilling to a
great extent their function as "a
corollary to formal education."
President, East Quad Council
* * *
Mundi-Ferguson Bill.. .
To the Editor:
EVERY YEAR just about this
time the U.S. Congress, that
patriotic defender of American
freedom, conducts its annual
hysteria drive. This year the boys
are in exceptionally good form.
In the Senate we have Sen. Mc-
Carthy from Wisconsin who is
carrying the ball against the sub-
versives in the finest tradition of
Thomas, Rankin, Mundt, Fergu-
son,Nixon, Gerald L.K. Smith and
In addition special considera-
tion must be given to our own
Sen. -Ferguson. His contribution
this year is the Mundt-Ferguson
Bill. This bill, although defeated
twice before by Communist domi-
nated people, was reported out of
Committee by a vote of 12 to 1.
Under this law it will be very dif-
ficult for subversives to escape
attention because organizations
are judged as Communist and
Communist front by the following
considerations: (1) the extent to
which the organization's "views
and policies do not deviate from
those of such foreign government"
(USSR) or any Communist or-
ganization, (2) if it "fails to dis-
close" its membership, or its
"meetings are secret." This covers
just about everybody except the
The bill sets up a "Subversive
Activities Control Board" which
does the investigating and pre-
pares the lists. Sen. McCarthy
should undoubtedly be a member
of this board, if the law is passed.
In order to expidite matters I
have prepared a list of organiza-
tions, individuals and churches
which will make the grade, and
for lack of a better title have
called it "The American People."
The bill should be on the floor
of the Senate any minute now.
Please don't mention this fact to
anybody, because then a lot of
subversive people would write
letters to their senators and com-
plain about it.
Graduate History Club: Meet-
ing, 8 p.m., 1007 Angell Hall. Elec-
tions. All history grads and faculty
Graduate Student Council: Meet-
ing, 7 p.m., Rackham Bldg.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Rehearsal of full chorus of "Iolan-
the," 7:15 p.m., League. Prompt-
ness is urged because rehearsal
must be dismissed at 8:10, due to
Alpha Phi Omega: Pledge meet-
ing, 7 p.m., Rm. 3K, Union.
Political Science Graduate Round
Table: 7:30 p.m., Rackham Assem-
bly Hall. Topic: "What's Cooking
Pi Sigma Alpha, national politi-
cal science honor fraternity: Mem-
bership meeting, East Lecture
Room, Rackham Bldg.. following
the Graduate Roundtable sched-
uled to begin at 7:30. National
membership dues due.
Wolverine Club: Meeting, Un-
ion Rms. 3K and L. All members
'attend, coeds invited.
Square Dance Group will meet
at Lane Hall 7 to 10 on Tuesday.
Chess Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
Union. New members always wel-
Inter-Racial Association: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m. Agenda: Discrim-
ination in housing, FEPC, and
election of officers.
Employment Interview: .
Mr. Frank Coe, of Chance Vought
Aircraft, Dallas, Texas, will be in
1521 E. Engineering on Thurs. and
Fri., Mar. 30 and 31 to interview
Mechanical or Aeronautical engi-
neers who will graduate this
spring.eAdditional information and
interview schedule on the Aero
bulletin board. Application blanks
in 1079 E. Engineering.
Canterbury Club: 7:15 a.m.,
Wed., Mar. 29, Holy Communion
followed by Student Breakfast.
University Flying Club: Meeting,
7:30 p.m., Wed., Mar. 29, 1042 E.
Engine Bldg. Interested people
Ullr Ski Club: Meeting, Wed.,
7:30 p.m., 1035 Angell Hall. Mov-
ies, and final plans for Aspen
Michigan Arts Chorale: Regu-
lar rehearsal, 7 p.m., Wed., Rm.
Sigma Gamma Epsilon: Meet-
ing, 12:15 p.m., Wed., Mar. 29,
2054 Natural Science.
(Continued on Page 6)
C R EINlT AEO I '
At The Michigan .,..
YOUNG MAN WITH A HORN, with
Kirk Douglas, Lauren Bacall, and Doris
F YOU LIKE a sweet trumpet, you should
like this film. If you like Kirk Douglas,
you may like it. But if you're expecting a
top-drawer production, you'll be disappoint-
Essentially, what the film is trying to
do is transplant "The Champion" from
fight ring to band-stand. Douglas is again
the simple young lad with great ability
who is led astray by a woman. Unfortun-
ately, the plot and the supporting cast is
nowhere near the standards of the earlierh
Also, the producers are trying to make too
much of a good thing. This fact, coupled
with artificiality of the happy ending and
a bad mis-casting of Lauren Bacall as a mis-
fit medical student, go a long way toward
making the film hum-drum. Along with the
above faults, the bushwah the various char-
acters dish out as artistic theory is not only
low romantic drivel,. but furthermore is in-
compatible with the facts.
Douglas is supposed to be a simple, yet
highly skilled and artistic trumpet player,
who has no language aside from the music
he plays. The music turns out to be ele-
mentary variation on well-known songs, with
a few prosaic jazz numbers thrown in.
As for dialogue which points up the
At The State .. .
SWORD IN THE DESERT, with Dana
Andrews, Marta Toren, Stephen McNally.
THE SUBJECT of this film (the under-
ground work of the Jews against the
British in Palestine) is important enough to
be treated as something more than guerrilla
romance. I think the producers of the film
realized the contemporary urgency of na-
tionals who want their own sovereignity,
but lacking either the ability to construct a
mature drama or fearing reprisals from Jew-
ish or English spokesmen, they brought forth
a piece that ended up half-way between
drama and melodrama. (In essence, drama
vocalizes that which is important; and in
melodrama, the action itself and not the
comment is of chief interest.)
Lacking a true plot line, the film dean
with the illegal entrance of Jewish refu-
gees into Palestine, and just how the Jew-
ish and English communities reacted to
them. To get melodramatic interest into the'
situation, the American sea captain who runs
the blockade understandably enough for
money, becomes enmeshed with the Jewish
patriot group and eventually takes-for rea-
sons the film attempted but failed to show
-the Jewish side.
In order to show that the Palestine
struggle was futile, and that men are bro-
thers, the captain's hard-headedness and
the group's militant idealism are made to
clash in tricked-up plot that shows
through in many places.
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff.........Managing Edito!
Al Blumrosen.............City Editor
Philip Dawson....... Editorial Director
Mary Stein.............Associate Editor
Jo Misner............Associate Editor
George Waiker.......Associate Editor
Don McNeil..........Associate Editor
Wally Barth....... Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin..........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goeiz...Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach....... Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... Associate Women's Ed.
Joyce Clark ......... Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jin Dangl........Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff......Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
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You'll have to decide, Mom. But don't
forget how my Fairy Godfather looks
afeme a d,,e m af 4fro'uhla-
If you vote for the Pixies
they'll go back to work-
But my Fairy Godfather
You mean we can have
heat and light and things
and get rid of your Fairy