FRIDAY, 1ARCH 24, 1950,
_____ ____ __ .__ _ _.
(dit'r4 The te
CAMPAIGN SPEECHES are campaign
speeches, and nobody expects very much
of them. But Senator Joseph McCarthy's
recent blasts in the Senate, in which he has
charged that the State Department is in-
fested by a large number of Communists
masquerading as distinguished individuals,
are as weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable as
any statements we have read in a long time.
It might almost be considered fortunate
that this hapless blunderer has produced
such baseless accusations as these. By
reducing the campaign "issue" of Com-
munists-in-government to an absurdity,
he has shown it up for what it was under-
neath all the time.
But McCarthy's charges represent only an
extreme expression of views that many mil..
lions of people hold. If that were not so, even
he would not think it worthwhile to express
Furthermore, when a House committee ia-
serts in the National Science Foundation
bill the unprecedented requirement of loyalty
certification by the FBI for those who are
to receive scholarships under the bill; when
Republican Senator Homer Ferguson is able
to get the Mundt-Ferguson-Nixon bill
through the Senate Judiciary Committee;
when so many people are worried about loy-
alty and so few are actively worried about
what we ought to be loyal to-when all this
fear is in the air, it has become time to take
McCarthy's accusations as a real threat, not
just the ravings of a crackpot or the bom-
bast of a stump speaker.
* * *
WE'RE THE PEOPLE who are supposed to
be for liberty and democracy; our side is
the one that offers the opportunity of free-
dom; it's the, Russians who punish people
for things they never did, who -require sci-;
entists to be loyal to an ideology first and
science afterward, who hound organizations
which "deviate" from their particular party-
Yet here we are, being asked to do all
these things. In order to maintain "loy-
alty." Self-appointed loyalty-testers like
McCarthy and Ferguson would have us
scare people into line by legislation. They
are apparently willing to fix our political
organization in a permanent mold of op-
position to Russia. They are ready to take
a long step toward sacrificing such adapt-
ability as we have left. They are prepared
to make a war with Russia as nearly in-
evitable as it can be made.
The question these gentlemen cannot ans-
wer is, if we fight Russia to avoid the dom-
ination of a monolithic state, and erect one
hers in the process, what have we gained
but destruction? The choice they are heading
us for is no choice at all: either you're "loy-
al" and you get destroyed by bombs, or
you're "disloyal" and you get destroyed by
the U.S. government.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
By LEON JAROFF
ANY DOUBTS that the controversial La-
bor Youth League had established a
campus chapter were dispelled last week by
the appearance of Challenge, a publication
identifying itself as "Young America's voice
for peace, jobs and freedom."
My first contact with Challenge was made
the night that a pleasant, but slightly fur-
tive salesman visited my dormitory room
and offered to place my name on Challenge's
subscription lists for a nominal fee.
But a quick glance at the
the paper and visions of a
THE EFFECTS of Congressional Commu-
nist probes were brought home to the
campus yesterday with the revelation that
a chapter of the Labor Youth League exists
Although in the organizational stage
since last summer they have been forced
because of the Communist scare to keep
their activities quiet.
The reason is that it's considered eco-
nomically unhealthy for a person to be con-
nected with a group that may be labeled
subversive by the Un-American Activities
Committee or the Attorney General at any
time. He automatically loses his chance to
get a government job and may face black
listing by employers.
So organizations like the Labor Youth
League go under ground.
They DON'T, and this is important, stop
their activities. Rather, they carry them on
in a way which protects them from the
limelight which has already done damage
to a lot of definitely non-Communist in-
Whether or not the Labor Youth
League is Communistic or not, I don't
know. Some of its leaders are. Some of
its statements follow party-line.
The campus, evidently, will not get a
chance to judge. Because, fearing the at-
tacks of the red hunters, the group pre-
fers to keep its meeting place secret; keep
its membership lists secret; keep the gen-
eral public unaware of what its discussions
A lot of young people who have a normal
academic desire to study Marxism must
adopt the cloak and dagger method to do
This, in some quarters is considered
romantic. It also develops a feeling of
* martyrdom to a cause, and a paranoiac
feeling of persecution which would not
have occurred had they been allowed.to
study facts in the cold light of day. It
enables Communist doctrine to go un-
challenged among them.
It is a factor we should consider in weigh-
ing any benefits of the work our Un-Ameri-
can Activity groups in national and state
government are doing.
Senator McCarthy revealing me as a sub-
scriber resulted in a low-voiced transac-
tion out of which I emerged with just
Challenge proved a worthwhile invest-
ment, for it explicitly exposed the goals
and motives, the scope and the constituency
of the Labor Youth League.
In a statement of policy, the publishers
revealed that the LYL is "an organization
that meets the interests and fights for the
needs of young men and women, Negro and
white . . . that stands with the working
class on the side of peace, security and
progress . . . that looks to a happy future
in a land of free and equal people, an
America of Socialism."
,UPPORTING the LYL's avowed purposes,
} Challenge was filled with articles blast-
ing discrimination against Negroes, pumping
for full employment and decrying prepara-
tions for war.
But scattered throughout the paper
were other articles which indicated that
LYL was not exclusively a voice for
young Americans. Somehow, another
voice had entered the picture.
"Prices Cut 4th Time in USSR," one of
the headlines boasted.
An article reprinted from Soviet Rus-
sia Today told of the "complete equality
and freedom" accorded to Negroes in
the Soviet Union.
Under the headline, "Laverne Roach Vic-
tim of Money-Ruled Ring," Challenge indi-
cated that the young boxer's death never
would have occurred under the "Soviet
Union's socialist sports code which takes
the profit out of sports."
* * *
"RUSSIA GOOD, U.S. BAD"
AND SO, between blasting "U.S. imperial-
ism" and lavishing praise on mother
Russia, . the true voice of LYL made itself
heard. Over and over, like the sheep in
George Orwell's Animal Farm, it chanted,
"Russia good, U.S. bad."
That such an organization exists on
campus is no cause for general alarm.
There is no need for a 1950 version of
the Callihan committee to visit Ann Ar-
bor, nor is any action by the University
One need only speak to campus members
of LYL to realize that they are harmless in-
dividuals, completely absorbed in Marxist
theories, hopeless Russophiles, and blind
to any and every defect in the Russian sys-
tem of government.
Their political discussions consist of dog-
matic cliches, evasive answers and mon-
* * *
THE LYL THREAT
UNFORTUNATELY, however, LYL con-
stitutes one very definite threat which
canot be taken lightly - and that threat
is to the very measure it advocates.
By associating itself with liberal campus
organizations, labor unions, and peace and
anti-discrimination movements, LYL at-
taches a stigma to these groups which can
completely destroy their effectiveness.
But we must let LYL rave on and do
everything in our power to avoid granting
it what it must certainly want most -
"Where Do I Come In?"
Xet tei TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
NIGHT EDITOR: JANET WATTS
EVENTS OF INTEREST AROUND CAM-
HAROLD STASSEN: "Young Sparks for
the Grand Old Party," sponsored by the
Young Republicans. 8 p.m., today, in Hill
GILMORE D. CLARKE, Dean of the Col-
lege of Architecture, Cornell University:
"The Promotion of Beauty, an Essential
Element of Wise Living." The lecture will
be ir? conjunction with the Michigan
Acadejmy of Science, Arts, and Letters. 4:30
p.m., today in Rackham Amphitheatre.
J.G.P., THE REAL MCCOY: 8 p.m., to-
day; 2 p.m. and 8 p.m., tomorrow in Lydia
ORGAN RECITAL, Robert Noehren, Uni-
versity Organist, in an all Bach program.
4:15 p.m., Sunday in Hill Auditorium.
VARSITY BAND CONCERT: 3 p.m., Sun-
day in the Union Ballroom.
QUARTET: Four of Somerset Maugham's
stories skillfully dramatized. Superior film-
fare. Today and tomorrow at the Michigan.
THE PRIVATE LIFE AND LOVES OF
REMBRANDT, with Charles Laughton,
Gertrude Lawrence. Through Sunday at the
CAPTAIN CHINA, with John Payne, Gail
Russell. Today and tomorrow at the State.
SWORD IN THE DESERT, with Dana
Andrews and Gail Russell. Sunday at the
YOUNG MAN WITH A HORN, with Kirk
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
THOMAS L. STOKES:
Next: The Socialists
Harold Stassen .. .
To the Editor:
HAROLD E. STASSEN, frequent-
ly regarded as the shining
hope of the Republican Party, is
speaking to the Young Republi-
cans this evening. Perhaps a bit
of background information is in
Mr. Stassen's activities in the
past have included the following:
1-Recommendation that Mar-
shall Plan funds be strictly with-
held from countries currently
placing any industry under public
ownership and control. This would
play directly into the hands of the
Russians and other critics of the
U.S. who now falsely charge that
we are using our economic super-
iority as a means of forcing an un-
wanted capitalistic structure upon
2--Warm endorsement of oleo-,
3-Recommendation that in-
come taxes, which now run up to
88% in the top brackets, be re-
duced to not in excess of 50%.
This would be a bonanza to movie
stars, radio comedians, and cor-
poration executives, but it might
prove puzzling to the lower income
brackets, whose taxes would neces-
sarily have to be raised.
4-A plea for the denial of ba-
sic civil liberties to Communists,
in defiance of the best of our dem-
5-A special speaking tour in
Nebraska a few years ago to fight
the Senatorial candidacy of
George W. Norris.
In addition, Mr. Stassen has
been attacking the British Health
Plan by means of such typical
distortions as the following:
He asserts that British mortality
rates during the first year since
the introduction of National
Health Insurance are higher than
for the preceding year. But he
conveniently ignores the fact that
mortality rates were considerably
higher the second year prior to the
inception of the new health pro-
gram than for the first year fol-
He deliberately seeks to create the
impression that the Health Act is
responsible for the long queues
waiting for admission to the Bri-
tish hospitals. He is not fair
enough to tell the public that in
London alone, immediately prior
to the Health Act, some 30,000
persons had applied for hospital]
admission, but had been denied
entrance due to the shortage of
hospital beds, nurses, etc.
Many other misstatements or
half-truths could be culled from
his recent articles in the Reader's
Digest but perhaps these will suf-
fice. If Mr. Stassen is the shining
hope of the Republicans, then that
party is indeed shrouded in dark-
-Reo M. Christenson
* * * *
Marx Again .. .
To the Editor:
HIS IS in reference to my let-
ter, in your issue of March 15,
in which I voiced strong opposi-
tion to the overemphasis and play-
ing up of Mrs. Paul Robeson's
talk at the University.
Your editorial director, in his
columra the following day, saw fit
to attempt to justify the position
of The Michigan Daily in its treat-
ment of the news story in ques-
tion. He saw fit, furthermore, to
twist the clearly-stated meaning
of my letter and to subject it to
his own confused and misleading
It is apparent to the present
writer that The Michigan Daily
displays a woeful lack of editorial
judgment. It is an elementary
rule of journalism that the degree
of emphasis placed upon a story
-i.e., a story's position,. length,
headline type, question of a pic-
ture - is a direct reflection of the
judgment of prevailing policy-
making forces of the newspaper
regarding the importance of a
Your editorial director chose en-
tirely to disregard this, the basis
of my letter's argument, prefer-
ring, instead, to accuse me of be-
ing opposed to reading Commun-
Just for the record, let me state
that I am not at all opposed to
reading Communist propaganda.
On the contrary, Red propaganda
has given me chuckles for years.
It just so happens that, political-
ly, the world has evolved into a
struggle of two super-powers, and
that front-page Communist prop-
aganda is not to be laughed at
anymore in a total ideological and
It is up to all of those who be-
lieve that democracy can survive
best under a truly free, capitalis-
tic society to exercise the utmost
judgment in all our public pro-
nouncements and deeds.
It is imperative that The Michi-
gan Daily exercise journalistic dis-
cretion, for all its writings are of
the public realm.
This writer still believes that
your overemphasis ofrCommunist
propaganda is an irresponsible
performance, an unforgiveable er-
ror in editorial judgment, and an
untrue and discreditable reflection
upon the University.
(EDITOR'S NOTE: There are two
kinds of editoria judgment: the
judgment that someone's expressed
opinion is important, and the judg-
ment that it is correct or acceptable
to readers. The Daily attempts to
judge a statement's importance by
its value as news, not by its"truth"
or general acceptance. Either Mr.
Marx was maintaining that Mrs. Rob-
eson's speech was unimportant as
news-in which case we emphatical-
ly disagree-or else he was saying that
we think Mrs. Robeson was correct,
in which ease we reserve our judg-
ment for the editorial page. It is the
confusion of these two types of edi-
torial judgment that vitiates Mr.
Marx's original criticism in regard to
our coverage of Mrs. Robeson's speech.
Thereal question now seems to be
whether Communist propaganda is
important enoughrto be given front-
page space. As Mr. Marx points out,
"politically the world has evolved in-
to a struggle of two super-powers"
Communist propaganda has thus ac-
quired more influencethroughout
the world; for this reason it is more
important as news.
Furthermore, by referring to Mrs.
Robeson's remarks as "propaganda,"
Mr. Marx implies a prejudgment as
to the truth of what she said; it is
thisprejudgmentwwhich no news-
paper is entitled to accept in determ-
ining the importance of such state-
ments as news.
Incidentally, in regard to mislead-
ing interpretations, Mr. Marx is gui
ty of his own accusation.)
(Continued from Page 3)
terview candidates for the Ford
Field Training Program. Appli-
cants must have the following
qualifications : (1) Be at least 20
and not more than 26 years of
age. (2) Rank in scholarship in
the upper 25% ofdhis graduating
class. (3) Give evidence of leader-
ship and enterprise best indicated
by participation in extra-curri-
cular activities. (4) Be in good
health. Applicants must be can-
dioIates for a degree in June. No
specific course or specialized train-
ing is required.
For further information and
appointment to interview, call the
Bureau of Appointments 3-1511,
University Lecture, complimen-
tary to the Michigan Academy of
Science, Arts, and Letters. "The
Promotion of Beauty, an Essential
Element of Wise Living." Dean
Gilmore D. Clarke, College of Ar-
chitecture, Cornell University. 4:30
p.m., Fri., Mar. 24, Rackham Am-
Mathematics Lecture: Prof. C.
C. MacDuffee, University of Wis-
consin, will give a lecture on Lor-
enzian Groups, 7:30 p.m., Fri.,
Mar. 24, 3011 Angell Hall.
English 60: On Fri., Mar. 24,
Mr. Mueschke's class will meet in
231 AH instead of the regular
Astronomical Colloquium: 4:15
p.m.; Mon., Mar. 27, at the Obser-
vatory. Speaker: Dr. Charles R.
Burrows, director, school of Elec-
trical Engineering, Cornell Uni-
versity. Subject: "Radio Astron-
omy Investigations at Cornell Uni-
Deadline for students who wish
to apply for admission to the Doc-
toral Program in Social Psych-
ology as of Sept., 1950, is Sat.,
Mar. 25. Applications may be ob-
tained in the program office, 306
Preliminary Ph.D. Examinations
in Economics: will be held during
the week beginning Mon., Apr. 24.
Each student planning to take
these examinations should leave
with the secretary of the Depart-
ment not later than Fri., Mar. 31,
his name, the three fields in which
he desires to be examined and his
field of specialization.
The University Extension Serv-
ice announces the following course:
Bird Study. Planned primarily
for beginners, though any inter-
ested person may enroll. Through
study in the field during the spring
migration season, the group will
learn to identify birds by such
characteristics as size, shape, flight
pattern, markings, color, song, and
behavior. Attention will also be
given to the environments in which
various birds nest as well as to
types of nests, nesting materials,
incubation, and behavior during
the early part of the breeding sea-
son. Five of the eight weekly ses-
sions will be early morning field
trips on Saturday and Sunday.
Parents who register for the course
may bring their children on the
field trips at no extra fee. In-
structor is H. Louis Batts. Open-
ing session, 7:30 p.m., Tues., Mar.
28, 2116 Natural Science Bldg.
Band Concert Canceled. The
concert by the University Sym-
phonic Band, previously announ-
ced for Tues. evening, Apr. 4, has
been postponed. The new date
will be announced later.
This cancellation does not affect
the program by the Varsity Band
to be given at 3 p.m., Sun.,. Mar.
26, Union Ballroom.
Organ Recital. The second pro-
gram in the current series of re-
citals by Robert Noehren, Univer-
sity Organist, will be played at
4:15 p.m., Sun., Mar. 26, Hill Audi-
torium. It will be devoted to The
Greater Catechism, from the Clav-
ierubung: Part Three, by Bach.
Open to the public. The final pro-'
gram will be presented at the same
hour on Apr. 2.
Student Recital: Carol Neilson,
soprano, will present a program in
the Architecture Auditorium, Sat.,
Mar. 25, at 8:30 p.m., in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Bachelor of Music.
A pupil of Arthur Hackett, Miss
Neilson's program will include
compositions in Italian, German,
French, and a group of Irish songs.
The public is invited.
Student Recital: James W. Mor-
ton, Clarinetist, will present a pro-
gram in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Bachelor of
Music degree at 8:30 p.m., Fri.,
Mar. 24, Architecture Auditorium.
He will be assisted by Bethyne Bis-
choff, pianist, and David Ireland,
violist. Program: Works by To-
masi, Hindemith, Schumann and
Mozart. Mr. Morton is a pupil of
Albert Luconi. Open to the public.
Joint Musicale by Phi Mu Al-
pha, Sigma Alpha Iota and Mu Phi
Epsilon, 7 p.m., Sun., Mar. 26,
Hussey Room, League. All mem-
bers and faculty are invited.
Wesley Foundation: 7:30 p.m.,
"Fun and Frolic" at the Guild.
Canterbury Club: 12:10 p.m.,
Holy Communion followed by lun-
cheon; 4-6 p.m., tea and open
house; 5:15 p.m., evening prayer
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Friday evening services, 7:45 p.m.,
followed by a fireside discussion
led by Dr. Ralph D. Rabinovitch,
Chief of Children's Service, N. P.
I., University Hospital. Topic:
"The Child is Father to the Man."
Saturday morning services, 9 a.m.
Westminster Presbyterian Guild:
Square dance, 8:30 p.m., Social
Lane Hall Coffee Hour: 4:30-6
p.m., Lounge, Lane Hall.
International W e e k Student
Groups: Meeting of representa-
tives of ;all groups participating
in International Week, 4:30 p.m.,
International Center, Recreation
Exhibition halls will be open
from 7 to 9 p.m. Movies: "Roots
of Plants," "Seed Dispersal," and
"Plant Traps, 7:30 p.m., Kellogg
Auditorium; auspices of the Uni-
versity Museums, through the
courtesy of the Audio-Visual Ed-
German Coffee Hour: 3:15-4:30
p.m., League Cafeteria. All stu-
dents and faculty members in-
Hiawatha Clu4: Mixer, 8:30 p.-
m., Grand Rapids Room, League.
All U.P. students invited.
Visitors' Night, Department of
Astronomy: 7:45 p.m., Angell Hall.
A short illustrated talk will be giv-
en by Mr. Edward Lewis in 3017
Angell Hall. Following the talk
the student observatory, fifth
floor, Angell Hall, will be open for
observation' of the Moon and Sat-
urn, with the telescopes, provided
the sky is clear. Children must be
accompanied by adults.
(Continued on Page 5)
WASHINGTON - Republican national
chairman Guy George Gabrielson ap-
parently is taking up where Senator Joe
McCarthy (Republican, Wisconsin) leaves
From stalking "Communists" in the gov-
ernment, at which the Wisconsin Senator
has had little luck, Mr. Gabrielson promised
to go further and begin stalking socialists in
a speech at Lincoln at a Nebraska Republi-
can founders' celebration.
"Behind the Communists," he said, "we
have the socialists. A socialist is a person
who has not yet learned that socialism
is just the first step toward Communism,
that when you rob men and women of
their incentive, opportunity and right to
progress the next step is compulsion-the
"Here again we find a foreign nation,
Britain, being used as the pattern to which
America is supposed to adapt itself. Let me
emphasize this point, for the socialists, bor-
ing from within for government ownership
of industry, first, and agriculture, second,
are not as well known. We haven't got to
"But I promise you we will."
WHO'S GOING TO BE the McCarthy for
the socialist hunt? Will the "police
state" methods now so familiar, the slander
broadcast throughout the country, be adopt-
ed? Will it be limited to "card-carrying''
Socialists, or will it be expanded vaguely-
borrowing phrases from Joe McCarthy-to
"pro-socialists" or "sympathetic with social-
ists" or, without bothering with all that,
just plain "subversives?"
Andter Sofialictq - next
best for his purposes, also New Dealers and
Fair Dealers. After giving them quite a go-
ing-over, he wound up:
"We have the right to demand of Presi-
dent Truman, and will demand it repeat-
edly, that he either accept the label of
socialism in his administration or else eject
those who believe in socialism. And that
would mean rejecting the support of his
off-color political party, the Americans for
So there, Harry Truman. Come clean, sir!
In a nicely nostalgic passage, chairman
Gabrielson recalled his college days in Iowa
before the first world war when the students
argued about politics and social questions
--"For you know most college boys are
politicians and economists and social pion-
eers at heart." There were, he said, "Liber-
als" in the truest sense of Thomas Jefferson'
"that government is best which governs
least," which presumably included him, and
a few socialists and some "who were furthet
to the left of center even of socialism, al-
though such terms as left and right and
right of center still had not penetrated this
country from abroad."
Then they were all Americans, he said. He
seems to think college boys are different to-
SOME NATURALLY would disagree with
him today, as then, but college boys
probably haven't changed too much. There
are lots of Republicans among them still.
There are Young Republican clubs in 400
colleges today, many of them in Deep South
Democratic territory. All of their membelf
wouldn't agree with the Republican chair-
man, but he'd find them interesting and,
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It's not that we don't want to work-
It's either him or us-
I didn't mean that, Mr. O'Malley-You could