, _THE MICHIGAN DAIL:Y
WE]DNtSDAY, MAACTI 22, 1950
__ _ _ _ _ _ _ __- -__ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _- , . ._- - - - - - . - -- - -.. -_-. - . . ~ . .
THE WISCONSIN SENATOR with the red
brush and the long list of Communi~t
sympathisers continues to get his pound
of copy on the front pages of the American
That this is Sen. McCarthy's basic mo-
tive in his "Red" witch hunt sebms quite
evident. But perhaps there is an end in
the Senator's campaign other than this
fundamental one. That is to paint the
whole Democratic State Department red.
Here would be an admirable way for the
Republicans to put the present administra-
tion to shame in the 1952 political race; show
the public that the men they had elected
appointed Communists and their fellow trav-
elers to high government offices.
And it is not too doubtful that this is the
strategy that the GOP was planning. A
constant outcropping of accusations against
Democratic office holders with radical tinges
'has pointed the way to a final all-out ex-
Sen. McCarthy could have been another
link in this movemnlt. But it seems that
he has jumped the gun, and is going ahead
on his own to accomplish what the whole
right wing of the Republican party had
intended to do. He may have spoiled it
At the right time Sen. McCarthy's ac-
cusations may have been just the thing to
sway a people fired up with campaign is-
sues. Even in its presently mild hysteria, a
section of the public seems to be reacting
favorably to the charges from the Senator's
standpoint. At Passaic, N.J., the Marine
Corps League named him the winner of its
1950 award for national Americanism. He
was cited for rousing the nation to the men-
ace of bad security risks in our government.
But the Wisconsin Republican mad his
move nearly two years too soon. What a
dilemma for the leaders of the movement.
If they publicly slap the wayward disci-
ple's fingers, they will seemingly deny his
"facts." If they allow him to go on th'
campaign will no doubt flop.
In the two years tnat will elapse before
the election struggle begins there witl be
time for the victims to make denials -
maybe even proe them. Charges may fall
flat.and with them the' entire issue. When
the voters think it over they ought to be
pretty disgusted with Senator McCarthy and
the rest of the Republican party.
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: PETER HOT'TONI
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Here are some situations
which most Americans don't know about,
but which concern them vitally:
SITUATION No. 1-The future atomic-
hydrogen defense of Washington, D.C., ac-
cording to atomic scientists, must require
a ring of fire stations fifteen miles out of
the city and completely around the city.
Present fire stations inside the city would
be wiped out and futile in case of an enemy
attack. It will require from 10,000 to 15,000
regularly trained and paid firemen to man
these stations . . . the defense of New York,
a city nine times the size of Washington,
would require at least nine times as many
firemen - about 100,000 - and cost nine
times as much. In brief, the defense of our
big cities against future hydrogen bombing
would just about bankrupt us ... peace will
SITUATION No. 2-In Paris, French for-
eign minister Schumann told critics of
American arms under the Atlantic Pact
that these arms would permit France to de-
fend herself against Germany. He did not
mention Russia, the nation which actually
inspired the North Atlantic pact . . . Some
Europeans are now wondering whether we
ourselves really mean business in opposing
Russia ... the U.S.A. is caught in a Euro-
pean cross fire - Communists who hate us
and non-Communists who think we are gov-
erned by Communists. The latter have been
reading Senator Joe McCarthy ... only brief
cables regarding the McCarthy charges are
carried to Europe. Cable tolls are expensive,
newsprint precious. As, a result, European
non-Communists are confused, the Commun-
ists gleeful. McCarthy has done a great job
THE SENATE RESTAURANT - Every
noon when Republican Senators sit down
at lunch they ask each other: "How's Joe
doing?" They are referring, not to Joe Stal-
in, but to their colleague Joe McCarthy of
Wisconsin. They agree that Joe isn't doing
well, but they think he's winning votes for
Republicans. Senator Taft, now the leader
of the party, expressed it this way: "I told
Joe," he said, "to keep talking. I don't think
he's got anything. -But the longer he talks,
the more people will think he has some-
MIDWEST OPINION-Partly inflamed by
the Chicago Tribune, partly worked up by
astute political speeches, the drift toward
isolation continues. Secretary of State Dean
Acheson, a scholar more than a politician,
has lost so much political appeal that some
THOMAS L. STOKES:
This Loyalty Business
"And Keep An Eye On A Cake
My Wife Has In The Oven"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
WASHINGTON-Opening of loyalty files
to a Senate committee, as now being
arranged in response to the charges of Sen-
ator Joseph McCarthy about State Depart-
ment employes; is an exceedingly delicate-
problem involving potential danger to cher-
ished rights of American citizens.
The danger is magnified in an election
year, such as this, when politics encourages
carelessness. This already is clear in the
way Senator McCarthy has broadcast all
over the country baseless insinuations about
people, notoriously, for example, in the case
of Dorothy Kenyon, who fortunately had
the ability to take care of herself and dis-
prove the slander. Others, unfortunately,
are not always so situated.
* * *
THE FLIMSY nature of some of the mater-
ial with which the Wisconsin Senator
glibly regaled the Senate, under his Con-
gressional immunity, in his speech about
the 81 "cases" involving "Communism" or
"pro-Communism" a month ago was demon-
strated by his refusal to submit it under
oath last week when challenged by Senator
AS A RESULT of the inspired work of the
Inter-Arts Union a renaissance of the
arts occurred this weekend. From Friday
night to Sunday afternoon unique opportuni-
ties were offered for students to enter in a
world where art was being created out of
the raw materials of their own contempor-
The students, faculty, and townspeople
showed their support for this Inter-Arts
Festival by attending the programs in un-
expectedly large numbers, and by respond-
ing enthusiastically. It is now the Univer-
sity's turn to acknowledge the artistic
achievements of its students.
By purchasing these paintings and
sculpture and keeping them in a special
room, a Michigan Hall of Fame, the Uni-
versity would be giving especially talented
students the honor and i cognition they
deserve while they are still on campus.
Not only would such a collection be a
source of pride to the University, but it
would also stand as a stimulus to the other
young and gifted students. The necessary
money for this project can be taken from the
art department's purchase fund, or if it is
not feasible for the University to extend the
financial support, the alumni should be ap-
proached. But however the money is ob-
tained, there could be no better tribute to
Tydings, chairman of the Foreign Relations
Already, to give one pause in this'strange
and disturbing era in Washington; it ap-
pears that the secrecy imposed by an
executive order of the President on loyalty
system proceedings recently has been brok-
en for the benefit of Senator McCarthy.
Somebody informed him that the loyalty
review board had asked the State Depart-
ment to review again - for the fourth or
fifth time - the record of John S. Service,
veteran diplomatic officer, who has been
recalled from India. Presumably the con-
fidence has been violated in the loyalty
review board somewhere for, according to
the time-table of events, the Senator re-
vealed this before the State Department
had been notified.
President Truman decreed that proceed-
ings of the loyalty system be kept confiden-
tial for the very simple reason that all sorts
of information, including gossip, hearsay,
and innuendo, is often included in reports
on individuals gathered by the FBI and
others which is winnowed out and proved
unfounded when evidence develops. It seems
superfluous to say that this sort of material
should not get into the hands of irrespon-
sible persons who would use it maliciously-.
for political or other purposes.
THE FBI GATHERS information by the
investigating process. It does not evalu-
ate it, or make judgments. That is not its
function. It is not assigned such a function
because that would give a federal police
force discretionary powers that could be-
come dangerous and could produce a "police
state," as the Justice Department has said
in its denunciation of a provision in the
National Science Foundation bill passed by
the House that would give the FBI author-
ity to pass on loyalty of students who receive
fellowships. J. Edgar Hoover, FBI chief,
joined in opposition to any such powers for
The tendency in Congress just now to
go to extreme lengths in such matters is
exhibited also in the Mundt-Ferguson-
Nixon bill, recently approved by the Sen-
ate Judiciary Committee after passing the
House, which would impose wide discret-
ion in a subversive board created in the
Justice Department and contains other
vague provisions that might be .misused.
It is being fought by the American Civil
The danger is that in this time, under
the stress of fear, precedents may be estab-
lished and laws passed which could be cor-
rupted for vicious and un-American pur-
poses in the future, and maybe not too long
a future, and destroy the bases of :freedom
on which our democracy rests.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)'
OF PEOPLE m
No ySF t c T
r 2F r
i LiuiillMM -
A ' .2 .oo
019V ,a AS1N '-Nts s
/ettep4JTO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from Its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in good taste will
be codensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
I * -
(Continued from Page 3)
Hall, Green House, Henderson
House, International Students'
Assoc., Kappa Alpha Theta, Lamb-
da Chi Alpha, Michigan House,
W.Q., Nelson International House,
Osterweil Coop House, Phi Chi,
Phi Delta Theta, Phi Kappa Tau,
Phi Rho Sigma, Phi Sigma Kappa,
Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Sigma Alpha
Mu, Sigma Chi, Sigma Phi Ep-
silon, Theta Chi, Theta Xi, Tyler
House, Wenley House, Zeta Beta
March 26: Alpha Delta Pi, Hil-
lel Foundation, Kappa Nu, Theta
Delta Chi, Sigma Alpha Mu.
University Community Center,
Wed., Mar. 22, 8 p.m., Women's
sports group; Christian Education
Study Group, and Ceramics.
Thurs., Mar. 23, 8 p.m., Ceramics
Fri., Mar. 24, 8 p.m., Lenten
University Lecture. "The Flight
from Time." Dr. George Boas, pro-
fessor of philosophy and chairman
of the Department of Philosophy,
Johns Hopkins University; auspi-
ces of the Department of Phil-
osophy. 4:15 p.m., Wed., Mar. 22,
University Lecture. "Human Or-
ganization in Higher Education."
President Douglas M. McGregor,
Antioch College; auspices of the
Research Center for Group Dyna-
mics, 8 p.m., Thurs., Mar. 23, in
the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Five-week grades for all Engi-
neering Freshmen are due in Dean
Crawford's office not later than
Fri., Mar. 24.
Astronomy 30, Section 2 (11
o'clock) Wed., Mar. 22. The one-
hour examination will be held in
Natural Science Auditorium.
Bacteriology Seminar: 9 a.m.,
Thurs., Mar. 23, 1520 E. Medical
Bldg. Speaker: Dr. V. H. Dietz.
Subject: "Intracutaneous Tests
with Pathologic Pulp Filtrates."
Botanical Seminar: 4 p.m., Wed.,
Mar. 22, 1139 Natural Science
Bldg. Subject: "A Mycologist in
Cuba," by F. K. Sparrow. Open
Physical - Inorganic Chemistry
Seminar: Wed., Mar. 22, 4:07 p.m.,
Rm. 2308 Chemistry. Mr. R. M.
Suggitt will discuss "Deuterium
Substitution in Studies of Hydro-
gen Bonding" and Mr. P. Girardot
will talk on "The Heat of Sublim-
ation of Graphite."
U' Fire Hazard
IT'S AMAZING what inconsistencies can
develop in a University such as this.
Fire protection has produced a multitude.
The University is fully determined that
no fire shall be allowed to cause loss of
With that fine goal before them, resi-
dence halls officials have set.up a complex
and supposedly adequate system of fire
warning, complete with instructions of what
to do when fire strikes.
They have gone so far as to organize
fire drills, taking place in miserable drizzling
rain - such as the one West Quadders ex-
perienced a few short days ago.
Although some residents would disagree,
this is certainly a step in the right direc-
tion. The fire drill certainly cleared the
buildings in a few minutes.
But what would have happened, had the
fire drill not been planned in advance?
In the West Quad all doors but one lead-
ing into the streets are locked tight by
11:30. The courtyard gates are padlocked
and chained shut. One exit is available for
Picture if you will a major fire raging
through the dormitories. Fire bells sound
and thousands of students rush from the
corridors into the courtyards. Pandemonium
Somewhere in this melee stands the per-
son with the keys to the gates. His chances
of ever reaching those gates are question-
able. Needless disaster is the inevitable
You say this can't happen. The Quad-
rangles are supposed to be fireproof.
But Betsy Barbour and Helen Newberify
Residence Halls certainly are not. Fires in
these buildings are not a remote possibility,
but an ever-present menace. Fire drills are
a common occurrence in these two dormi-
tories. Yet in a drill that took place several
days ago, the fourth floor alarms did not
ring, in Helen Newberry.
This is a glaring and dangerous incon-
sistency in any single plan for fire pre-
vention, serving to negate the very protec-
tion plan itself.
And while fire protection plans are
being administered in the dormitories, the
neither been tested nor refilled. No Univer-
sity policy of inspection had ever been en-
In the very institutions, fraternities, which
the University pretends to guard against
other dangers, moral, physical and fi-
financial, fire prevention is considered un-
necessary. But most fraternity houses are
at least built of brick!
Surrounding the campus, and especially
on the west side of State Street, stand
blocks of frame boarding houses, whose
most prominent protection structure seems
to be a wooden fire ladder.
A fire started in one of those buildings,
by a careless cigarette, could, if the wind
was right, burn out an entire block of
buildings, with a l tragic death toll.
Those buildings, and ' the students that
live within them are under the University
jurisdiction, "in loco parentis." The Univer-
sity, secure in the thought that a major
catastrophe has never yet struck, has ex-
ercised no control in any of those struc-
Some even lack fire extinguishers, or a
telephone to call the fire station from, in
case of danger.
Just looking around campus- we find a
dozen University buildings that were built
in the days of long ago, and whose fire
potential must rate high and up.
Some of these buildings like Romance
Language, provide one stairway for .hun-
dreds of students. Should a fire start,
that dried wood, antiquated staircase
would be the first thing to go up in a blaz-
ing fury, leaving the students th "lter-
native of jumping or dying.
More so, one entrance to the building is
available. The West entrance was- blocked
off years ago to give office space to the
Even during normal school hour, the
changing of classes chokes that single en-
trance, so that it looks like a New: York
subway station at rush hours.
Should a fire break out, the :trmpled
bodies could be scooped up with steam
shovels, and trucked away.
No fire drills have ever been attempted
Cinema and Criticism...
To the Editor:
IT SEEMS to me that the dra-
matic artistry of the curren
film, Twelve O'clock High, merit
a more accurate critical interpre.
tation than Fran Ivick has giver
it in the March 14th issue of Th
Daily. I have the feeling that Mis
Ivick has presented a rather su-
perficial review, neglecting th
real thematic significance of thi
excellent film ....
The major dramatic conflict ir
this film is the struggle betweer
the general's glacial military ex-
terior and his essentially humar
interior. The emergence of humar
attributes and sympathetic feel-
ings breaking through that rug-
ged exterior gives us character de-
velopment and precipitates the
dramatic crisis in the film. Gener-
al Savage is fundamentally n
different from the benevolent and
sensitive commanding o f f i c e
whom he has relieved. He is firsi
a man and then a general. As the
general's very wise and very un-
derstanding adjutant tells us, the
only difference between Genera:
Savage and his sympathetic pre-
decessor is that "General Savage
is about three inches taller."
In her column, Miss Ivick quite
simply and superficially convey
the impression of the general a
a kind of robot whose machine
has finally worn down because hc
has "driven himself beyond the
point of endurance." Thus she has
not, it seems to me, clearly dis-
tinguished him from any other
stereotyped military Simon Legre
obsessed with the burden of hi
own responsibility . . .
And while Miss Ivick was award-
ing her laurel to Gregory Peck
for his "restrained" acting in this
picture, she should not have dis-
missed so abruptly the fine work
of Dean Jagger whose portrayal
of the adjutant was as natural
and as "restrained" a piece of
acting as I have seen in any re-
There has been a growing ten-
dency of late for motion picture
critics to adopt the pseudo-so-
phisticated "New Yorker" vogue
of criticism-the flippantly des-
tructive rather than the conscien-
tiously constructive. These modern
movie critics have formed a kind
of critical coterie. Indeed the re-
viewers spend so much time at-
tempting to concoct a sort of brisk
slapdash of sophistication in their
comments on trivial aspects of a
film that they tend to ignore fun-
damental themes and to disregard
cinematic artistry when it does
If praise is forthcoming, let's
deliver appropriate and thought-
fully critical eulogies just as ener-
getically as we have been launch-
ing scathing invectives against
Hollywood's bungling. Maturity of
critical perception, in the past
generation or two, has given Am-
erican literature new stature and
there is no reason why it can not
do the same for the American
-John B. Wall, Grad.
OPEN LETTER to Dean Kenis-
You displayed an admirable at-
titude last week in decrying the
abyss which exists between the fa-
culty and students in the lit
school, and any attempt of yours
to narrow the gap will be ap-
plauded by both.
It seems to me, however, that
the best way of beginning the re-
form is to eliminate the vast rift
within the faculty itself.
No one can be a student in this
University for many years before
he realizes that there are really
two faculties here: those who
teach and those who administer.
As long as a student stays with
the herd, he'll have no trouble.
But let him transfer schools, or
even departments within the lit
school, or do anything else out of
the ordinary; then his troubles
begin. For he is faced with the
impossible task of reconciling the
utterly disparate attitudes of the
There are the advisers who talk
every underclassman into taking
Glacial Paleontology or Roman
Band Instruments, so that the ad-
viser can get rid of the group re-
There is the legion of language
teachers who have their classes
loaded with people who hate for-
eign languages, can't learn them,
and whose only background is a
course in Caesar in Beltintheback
(Mich.) High School.
There are the departments
which hand out C's as if they were
doing the studentssa favor, and
those which think than an occas-
ional B will encourage the stu-
dents to take more work in that
department. Adam Smith would
have got a 2.5 average in Econo-
mics, but Joe Palooka could do
the same in History.
There are the grad students who
get B for doing the same calibre
of work as the undergrad who gets
C-plus. You have only to talk to
anyone who grades papers to
Maybe appointing a committee
can cure it, but probably more
rapport could be achieved if the
administrators did a little more
teaching and the teachers did a
little more administering. Then
the students could talk the same
language to both and be answer-
ed with something more than a
Leopold III is not king of the
Belgians but only king of the
Flemings to many of his country-
men. The advisory popular refer-
endum which Leopold barely won
has only served to accentuate that
fact, and to aggravate existing so-
cial and economic divisions in the
A wave of protest strikes among
Socialist workers is in prospect
and the bitter debate over Leo-
pold's personal probity, and over
the question of whether he ex-
ceeded his constitutional author-
ity when he surrendered the Bel-
gian armies in 1940, goes on.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
,' Technology & Politics.
To the Editor:
Congregational Disciples Evan-
,gelical and Reformed Guild: Sup-
per Discussion at the Guild House.
Phone reservations to 5838.
Wesley Foundation: 4-5:30 p.m.,
Do-Drop-In Tea, Lounge. 6 p.m.,
Pot Luck Supper, Social Hall. Fol-
lowed by Devotional Service.
Speaker: Rev. Schmale. "Best in
the Evangelical and Reformed
Faith." 10 p.m., Sigma Theta Ep-
Film program for students, fac-
ulty, and general public. "Films on
Britain: Cambridge, The Great
University, and Shrine of a Na-
tion, Westminster Abbey." 4:10
p.m., Kellogg Auditorium, auspices
of Audio-Visual Education Center
and the University Extension
Service. No admission charge.
Industrial Relations Club: Open
meeting, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3B, Union.
Speaker: Mr. Russell Smith, Chair-
man, Michigan State Board on
Labor Law Committee. Topic:
"Preparation and Trial of Arbi-
Residence Staff Institute: Meet-
ing for staff members of women's
residences, sororities and League
houses. 10 a.m., League. Topic:
"The Role as Consultant: Prob-
lems of Improving Group Meet-
ASCE: 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3S, Union.
Discussion on "Construction Prob-
lems" led by Mr. C. E. Bottum,
vice-president of Michigan Sec-
tion, Associated General Contrac-
tors. Departmental data sheets will
be available at the meeting for
juniors interested in summer em-
ployment in the construction field.
Ullr Ski Club: Meeting one-half
hour early, 7 p.m., Rm. 3L, Un-
ion. Movies of Boyne Mountain
and Aspen, and plans for the As-
Japanese Movies: 7:30 p.m.,
Rackham Amphitheatre; auspices
of the Department of Far Eastern
Languages and Literatures and
Center for Japanese Studies. Open
to the public without charge.
Premedical Society: Policy meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., Rm. 3K, Union.
Sound movies: "Life of Pasteur"
and "Use of Antibodies." Ques-
tionnaires will be distributed. All
members are requested to attend.
Michigan Education Club: Ini-
tiation Party, 3:15-5 p.m., Union.
U. of M. Rifle Club: Postal match
with University of Nevada. All
members to fire. 7-9:30 p.m., ROTC
Photography: Any persons inter-
ested in the study of photography
and picture developing, contact Al
Boyce at Lane Hall.
(Continued on Page 5)
Psychology 31, section 4_
Beardslee). Hour exam, 7:30
Thurs., Mar. 23, 2203 Angell
The University Extension Serv-
ice announces the following cour-
se: Introduction to Music Litera-
ture. A six-week series of lectures
devoted to the programs of the
1950 May Festival. No previous
knowledge of music is necessary
for enrollment in this course,
which is nontechnical in' nature.
Noncredit, six weeks, $7.00. Prof.
Glenn D. McGeoch. Wed., 7 p.m.
206 Burton Memorial Tower.
The Teacher's Oath will be ad-
ministered to all June candidates
for' the Teacher's Certificate on
Wed., Mar. 22, 1437 U.E.S. This is
a requirement for the teacher's
Faculty Concert: Gilbert Ross,
violinist, and Helen Titus, pianist,
will present a sonata recital at
8:30 p.m., Thurs., Mar. 23, Rack-
ham Assembly Hall. Works by
Schubert, Brahms, and Prokofieff.
Open to the public.
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Brooklyn Museum Third
Print Annual, through Mar. 22;
weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5. The
public is invited.
Westminster Presbyterian Guild:
5 p.m., Lenten Vespers, "Which
Way From Jerusalem?" Regular
tea, 4-5 p.m.
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
Bible Study, 7:30 p.m., Upper
Room, Lane Hall. Discussion: les-
sons 9 and 10 in the booklet
Canterbury Club: 5:15 p.m.,
Evening Prayer and Meditation.
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