THE MICHIGAN DAILY
<SATTJUAT, MARCH 181-1950
SENATOR McCARTHY has chosen the
painless road to Congressional fame. This
route does not require the work of research
in a committee conference room, learned de-
bate on the Senate floor, nor sweating it
Out with a lobby or constituents.
It takes only: a research staff to find
"leftist" statements in old magazines, an-
cient membership lists of "Red" organiza-
tions, and certain phrases of speeches
mnade long ago by former State Depart-
ment officials; a flare for dramatics; a
Public hysteria. With these any Congress-
man can splash his name all over page
one of the press.
And if his constituents are somewhat
simple-minded they will shout approval of
this "crusading reformer" and mark big X's
next to his name on the ballot.
The trail is all the more easy for men
such as Sen. McCarthy. It has been blazed
by Congressman Thomas and Sen. Hicken-
looper, and an entire House committee. All
that the Senator from Wisconsin had to do
was start using the red paint brush again.
Here is one of the most disgusting drives
for political popularity on record. Mud
slinging at the opposition is bad enough,
but when it is turned on individuals out of
the sphere of politics it is going too far.
It is disgusting that a member of the
Senate should so stack the facts that he
enables himself to name anyone with rad-
ical tendencies a Communist. It is dis-
gusting that he should take advantage
of a public hysteria, disgusting in itself,
for his own popularity.
If Sen. McCarthy's constituents can think
rationally enough to see that their repre-
sentative is merely attempting to make him-
self more popular, at someone else's expense,
they will do well to censure his actions rather
than approve them.
A NUMBER of self-styled humanitarians
on campus are publicly gnashing their
teeth over the acquittal of Dr. Neil H. Su
lenberger, University postgraduate medical
student who was accused by Mrs. Louise
Philpot, a Negro elevator operator, of slug-
gng and insulting her.
-But those who regard the jury's ver-
dict as a blow to human rights and the
dignity of the Negro race are full of air.,
It was no more a defeat for the Negro
race, no more a blow at civil rights, than
a ticket for overparking would be.
The jury's decision was merely what the
court docket said it was - a verdict in an
ordinary assault and battery case.
On the surface, the evidence against Dr.
Sullenberger did seem particularly damning
at first. Mrs. Philpot swore that the red-
headed young doctor had threatened to
"knock hell" out of her; that he had even
shouted, "I'll kill you, you damn, black
nigger!" And the poor girl had been laid
off work for fighting back. Here, indeed,
there seemed to be gross injustice suffi-
cient to make the most indolent citizen
bristle with indignation!
News of the scuffle reached the ears of,
]Wrs. Dorothy Griffel, president of the local
dhapter of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People. Mrs. Griffel
immediately threw on her coat and dashe
over to see Mrs. Philpot.
It appears to me that, if Mrs. Griffel had
not interferred, the case would not have
reached the court, and much unfortunate
controversy would have been avoided. As a
result of their talk, however, Mrs. Griffel
took matters in hand.
* Members of Inter-Racial Association,
an often misguided group of students,
Joined forces with Mrs. Griffel, and the
shouting. began. The issues of racial in-
tolerance and human rights were brought
in and waved around like brightly-
colored banners. There were charges of
discrimination in University Hospital and
warnings that "It has hapened here!"
The campus and the Ann Arbor Negro
community were flooded with leaflets giv-
ing Mrs. Philpot's version of the case in a
sensationalized form, and referring to Dr.
Sullenberger as a "white Southern doctor"
in, order to play upon people's indignation
about racial inequalities in the Deep South.
It was clearly implied that any Southerner
is an incurable racial bigot.
Those responsible for the leaflets failed
to realize the irony of their own position.
By assuming th at Dr. Sullenberger was
guilty and that Mrs. Philpot's story was
completely true, they were themselves guilty
of prejudice. They were prejudiced in favor
of Mrs. Philpot - and against Dr. Sullen-
By their irresponsible actions through-
out the progress of the case, the people
who claimed to be aiding Mrs. Philpot
actually did great harm to the cause of
inter-racial understanding, the very cause
they claimed to be advancing.
Dr. Sullenberger's side of the story did not
come out until his trial. It was this in-
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
NIGHT EDITOR: DAVE THOMAS
formation which led the jury to clear him
of the assault and battery charges.
The doctor claimed that he had never
threatened Mrs. Philpot or insulted her
race, and had never purposely struck her.
It was brought out that he did indeed
swear at her, and that she promptly swore
Even if his story is entirely true, the doc-
tor was certainly rude to use profanity
with Mrs. Philpot and start an argument.
However, there were extenuating circum-
stances. He had been up the previous night
until 2 a.m., assisting in an operation in
which a tubercular patient's lung was re-
moved. The operation saved the patient's,
life. After three or four hours of sleep, Dr.
Sullenberger reported back to the hospital
at 7 a.m. and operated most of the day.
After being bypassed twice by Mrs. Phil-
pot's elevator, the doctor rushed into the
elevator and asked her, "Weren't your damh
lights burning?" She replied in the same
tone, and an argument began. She refused
to carry him any further alone. As Dr. Sul-
lenberger attempted to start the elevator
himself - according to his story - Mir
Philpot picked up the elevator's removable
foot lever and, cornering the doctor, bran-
dished the steel pedal over his head.
The pedal was exhibited in court. It is'
an ugly weapon which could kill a man or
injure him severely. It is a nine-inch solid
steed rod attached to a three-inch disc
with sharp edges.
If he was indeed threatened in such a
way, one can well imagine that the doc-
tor's fear caused him to thrust up his
hand to ward off a blow. In doing this,
he unintentionally struck Mrs. Philpot,
the doctor said.
Is Dr. Sullenberger's story true? I'm not
at all sure. There were no witnesses when
the alleged assault and battery took place.
So it was a matter of the doctor's word
against Mrs. Philpot's. Faced with their
two conflicting stories, it was impossible
for the jry to tell which was lying. It
would not have been justified in finding
the doctor guilty of assault and battery.
It is fortunate that in this country w
regard a person as innocent until he is
proven guilty "beyond a reasonable doubt."
There was much more than a reasonable
doubt about Dr. Sullenberger's guilt. Not
knowing for certain who was lying, the
jury was obligated to return a verdict of
not guilty, since the burden of proof rests
on the prosecution.
Both Mrs. Philpot and Mrs. Griffel told
me after the trial that they were satisfied
with the prosecution of the case. That they
were dissatisfied with the defense, and with
the verdict, is understandable.
The jury has decided that Dr. Sullen-
berger was not guilty of assault and
battery. Let us accept its word. What
then of Dr. Sullenberger's becoming in-
volved in a scuffle with Mrs. Philpot?
I think he has suffered enough for that.
The world has suffered for it too, by being
deprived of his service as a highly skilled
chest surgeon. To keep the doctor away
from his duties any longer would be a
shameful waste of valuable talent.
It is time for Dr. Sullenberger's enemies
to cease their vengeful, malicious attacks.
It is time for University Hospital to allow
Dr. Sullenberger to return to his duties, to
his business of saving lives.
THE HOUSE Rules Committee has taken
upon itself the right to deny this nation
of an opportunity to improve one of its most
fundamental processes, the process of elect-
ing a president.
The Rules Committee by a 7-4 vote has
decided not to allow the proposed Lodge-
Gosset amendment to the constitution to
reach the floor of the House. This is the
amendment that would revise the present
presidential election counting system so
that a state's electoral votes could be
divided proportionately among the can-
didates according to the percentage ,.of
popular votes that they received. Under
the present system all the state's votes are
cast for the candidate having a simple
The opponents of the amendment come
forth with the argument that the amend-
ment would tend to encourage the growth
of splinter parties. It is said that such
minority groups would cause great delay and
confusion in enactment of policy if they
should ever gather any sizeable strength.
This is the only argument they can advance
against the amendment and it can be easily
Under the present system minority groups
possess much greater influence than they
would if the amendment were to be adopted.
In many states minority parties have an
important pivotal power. In a close contest
between the two major parties the votes
that the minority party captures in the
state can swing the election in favor of one
of the major parties and allow it to get the
state's entire electoral vote. The minority
parties can see no increase in their power
if the amendment were adopted and many
are reluctant to approve of it.
This fear of splinter parties is a tactic
that is being resorted to to help cloud the
appearance of some vicious political self-
interest. The majority of congressmen
have made their decision in this matter
only after calculating what their party
stands to gain or lose in the way of elec-
toral votes. In too few cases was the
decision made on the basis of the demo-
cratic principle involved. And that is the
In these troubled times many believe that
our best defense against the threat of com-
munism is the further development of our
democracy., And here with the chance to
correct a glaring fault in our system, parti-
san politics gains the upper hand.
GOOD PEOPLE everywhere can slap each
other on the back now, and shout their
hosannas throughout the land. For at last
a way has been found to end the cold war
between the United States and Russia.
Those fertile-brained gentlemen at the
Kremlin have come up with the answer.
Their solution to the crucial deadlock
gripping the two nations has not yet been
specifically voiced, but it is clearly indi-
cated by the nature of the semi-official
"peace talk" which has been flowing from
Judging from competent interpretations
of this talk, the Russians are fishing for a
"deal" with the United States through which
this country would recognize and accept the
"sphere of influence" of Moscow, and the
Soviet Union, in turn, would maintain a
similar attitude toward our "sphere."
More concretely, we would keep our hands
off Communist satellites, including China
and upstart Yugoslavia, so that Russia could
have unlimited control of all Eurasia from
Eastern Germany to the Pacific. Apparent-
ly the Soviet end of the bargain would be
to let the U.S. do whatever it wanted with
the rest of the world.I
Under this sort of arrangement there
would be no need for armaments and hos-
tile attitudes; instead the two countries
could exist side by side in a spirit of mutual
It all sounds quite logical. But in truth
this Russian scheme would be completely
contrary to the best interests of America
and every other free nation on earth.
For one thing the "deal" would probably
result in an abortion of free trade between
the two recognized spheres and further trade
curtailment would not only be a blow to the
precarious economy of Western Europe; it
could mean isolation of Great Britain from
her billion dollar investment in China, and it
could also hurt the economy of the United
In addition, the hands-off, non-interven-
tion aspect would entail full U.S. abandon-
ment of a number of iron curtain nations
to the unbenovelent whim of Moscow. At
the same time there would be no assurance
that the Russians would withdraw their
various fifth column movements from coun-
tries in the American sphere, such as Italy
Moreover, the "deal" would allow Russia
a free reign in consoldiating her post-war
gains and thus greatly strengthening her
communistic domination of Asia and Eastern
And any such agreement that would
give the USSR an opportunity to build up
its power must be avoided. For we still do
"We Now Bring You More Late Election Returns"
" _,fi,-i - (Ui _.4
Xet'4 TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in -good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
The Cause of War ... .
To the Editor:
STUDENTS everywhere m u s t
guard against the view that
a third world war is inevitable
and that they can do nothing to
stop it. War is not inevitable-
unless you permit it to be so. If
s t u d e n t s everywhere educate
themselves and others on the
cause of war, they can do some-
thing to stop it.
The first thing to do in tack-
ling any disease is to learn the
cause. What causes war?
The answer to this question
must be sought for, not in the
hearts of evil men, but in the eco-
nomic and social system in which
we live. The cause of war in the
modern world is to be found in
the economic rivalries engendered
by capitalistic society.
To support this thesis, here is
the testimony of three leading
capitalistic spokesmen. The first
is Gen. Leonard Wood, who told
the Lake Mohonk Conference,
held in May, 1915:
"We soldiers and sailors are
merely trained servants. Nine out
of ten wars are based on trade."
The second spokesman is Presi-
dent Woodrow Wilson, who said,
in the course of an address in St.
Louis, Mo., on Sept. 5, 1919:
"Whly, my fellow citizens, is
there any man here, who does not
know that the seed of war in the
modern world is industrial and
Now let us cite the testimony of
spokesmen for the Republican
Party. It is in the form of a de-
claration issued in 1916, and is
signed by the leading Republicans
of the day:
"Our business is business. We
are producers, manufacturers and
traders, without sufficient home
demands to absorb the full yield
of fields and the output of fac-
tories. Year by year it becomes
more apparent that the markets
of the world must be kept open to
American industries. We cannot
extend our trade further than we
are able to defend it. The rivalries
that begin in commerce end on
battlefields." (Declaration of Nat.
Hughes Alliance, 1916).
It should be clear from the above
that capitalism is the source of
war. Therefore the answer to the
question--what must be done to
abolish war?-is likewise clear:
abolish capitalism. Until then
(like the proverbial poor) wars
we shall always have with us.
-Gerald Alexander, '49
The Rift .. .
To the Editor:
DOROTHY THOMPSON and
Senator McCarthy shared the
headlines in Tuesday's Daily. Su-
perficially their statements were
worlds apart; actually one may
see an underlying common cause.
Both statements may be linked to
the industrial and technological
advances which have brought the
east and west into an uncomfort-
able relationship. The Hiss and
Coplon trials, loyalty oaths, aca-
demic restrictions and now the
McCarthy malevolence ar part of
the same pattern; they owe their
existence not so much to disagree-
ment with Communist dogma, but
to the reality of two large powers
trying to exist together in a state
of anarchy. The United States'
sympathy with Spain and Yugo-
slavia belies the naive assump-
tion that it is the Communist doc-
trine per se that frightens us.
Technologically we are one
world; politically we remain di-
vided, autonomous nation-states.
Such an unhappy state was large-
ly responsible for Dorothy Thomp-
son's appearance in Religion In
Life Week. The reestablishment
of Religion In Life Week at Mich-
igan after an eighteen-year en-
forced absence is but a part of a
larger trend in America retreating
from reason toward authority and
orthodoxy. Such a trend is en-
gendered primarily by the past
two wars and the threat of a third.
Miss Thompson said: "No one
anywhere in any country is secure.
Anything may happen to anyone
Senator McCarthy suggests that
Mr. Acheson "stand up like a
man" and shoulder responsibility
for employing Communists in This
Both statements may be attrib-
uted to the persistence of 19th
century nationalism in a 20th cen-
tury world contracted by techno-
,* * *
Politics & Pedagogy .. .
To the Editor:
PRESTON SLOSSON, as eviden-
ced by his letter to the. editor
the other day, apparently feels
strongly on the subject of Com-
munism, and he has a very nice
facility for articulating his con-
victions, I think most of us will
agree. Mr. Slosson, also, undoubt-
edly agrees with Lord Bolingbroke
-as per his writing in the eight-
eenth century - that "history is
philosophy teaching by example,"
and Mr. Slosson believes that his
own personal philosophy is worth
teaching by example. Indeed, his
own personal philosophy has the
great weight of present popularity
at any rate.
However, it seems to me that
Mr. Slosson overlooks a great ped-
agogical principle. It is a principle
as old as Socrates and as eternal
as God. That is, that the essence
of learning is experience not au-
thority, that young human beings
cannot learn by being told what
is true, but only by learning for
themselves. This liberal view, the
orthodox Christian and Commun-
ist approaches to the contrary,
seems to be disappearing from our
campus scenes by just such action
as Mr. Slosson takes in his public
Mr. Slosson evidently disap-
proves of his young charges' minds
being cluttered and confused by
the undoctored presentation of
opposing philosophies on the uni-
versity scene. At least, he sees fit to
lend the weight of his professional
view to the "right" judgment lest
any young minds be led astray.
Actually what he says is fairly
common knowledge to most of his
students, both the thinking and
the unthinking ones, I trust. They
certainly hear his point of view
reiterated incessantly anyway.
Publication in The Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
members of the University. Notices
for the Bulletin should be sent in
typewritten form to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, Room 2552
Administration Building, by 3:00 p.m.
on the day preceding publication
~11:00 a.m. Saturdays).
SATURDAY, MARCH 18, 1950
VOL. LX, No. 114
Change in Student Addresses:
Report immediately to the Regis-
trar, 1513 Administration Build-
ing, anychange of address during
Choral Union Members whose
records of attendance are clear,
call for your courtesy passes ad-
mitting to the Francescatti violin
recital, Mon., Mar. 20, from 9:30
to 11:30 a.m., and 1 to 4 p.m.,
University Musical Society, Bur-
ton Memorial Tower.
Members of the chorus: Next
full rehearsal, 7 p.m., Tues., Mar.
21, Haven Hall.
Women Students wishing to ap-
ply for Henderson House for the
fall semester, 1950, may get in
touch with the Office of the Dean
of Women. Women who have an
academic average of 2.6 or better
and need to make cooperative liv-
ing arrangements are eligible.
University Lecture: "Psychother-
apy as Teaching and Learning."
Dr. John Dollard, Professor of
Relations, Yale University; aus-
pices of the Department of Psy-
chology.- 4:15 p.m., Mon., Mar. 20,
Doctoral Examination for Nor-
man Edward Gronlund, Educa-
tion; thesis: "The, Accuracy of
Teachers' Judgments Concerning
the Sociometric Status of Sixth-
Grade Pupils," 2 p.m., Mon., Mar.
20, West Council Room, Rackham
Bldg. Chairman, H. C. Koch.
Doctoral Examination for Win-
ton Henry Beaven, Speech; thesis:
"A Critical Analysis and Appraisal
of the Public Address of Senator
George W. Norris," 3 p.m., Mon.,
Mar. 20, East Council Room,
Rackham Bldg. Chairman, G. E.
Mathematics Orientation Sem-
inar: Mon., Mar. 20, 3 p.m., 3001
A.H. Miss Ingersoll will talk on
Foreign Students: The Michi-
gan Christian Fellowship Inter-
national Party, 8 p.m., Lane Hall
I.S.A.: Open House, 8-12 p.m.,
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
" Moonlight Cruise, " informal
Dance, League Ballroom, 9-12.
Sports Night: IM Building, 7:30
to 10:30 p.m. Faculty members,
wives, children, and guests invited.
Swimming, squash, and badmin-
ton at.-7:30 p.m.; volleyball and
basketball after the gym meet.
For further information \phone
Mrs. W. -J. Eiteman, 5474.
Student Art Festival: Student
art exhibit, Alumni Memorial
2 p.m., Al u m n i Memorial
Grant Beglarian; Architectural
Panel, "Evaluation of Modern
' Trends in Architecture;" student
rIAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
poetry; string trio, George Wil-
S p.m., Alumni Memorial Hall.
Visual Art Panel, "Does Contem-
porary Design Meet Current De-
mand?" songs, Lee Eitzen and
Grant Beglarian; three duologues.
Ballet Club: Meeting, Mon., 7
p.m., Dance Studio, 2nd flooir,
Barbour Gym. Enrollment for
membership open to men and wo-
men. Regular classes for beginners
Grad Outing Club: 2:15 p.m.:
Sunday, Rackham. Hiking and
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Closing date for Passover meals
and Sedarim, Mar. 21. Phone 3-
4129 for information.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation:
Musicale, Sun., Mar.s19, 7:30 p.m.,
featuring the works 'of modern
and classical composers.
G e olo g i c a l - Mineralogical
Journal Club: 3054 N.S., Mon.,
Mar. 20, 12 noon. At 12:30 Dr.
Charles Carlston, Oberlin College,
will speak on "Trends in Geomor-
U.of M. Young Republican
Club: A caucus of all club dele-
gates and alternates to the com-
ing convention, 2:30 p.m., Sun.,
Mar. 19, 3A, Union.
Phi Iota Alpha: Movies and dis-
cussion on Central America, 2 p.-
m., Sun., Mar. 19, Rm. 3B, Union.
U. of M. Hot Record
A Bop record program,
Ballroom, Sun., 8 p.m.
Student Art Festival: Sun., Mar.
19, 2 p.m., Union Ballroom. An
April Overture, Lee Eitzen; Uni-
versity Symphony Orchestra, Prof.
Dunlap, conductor. Ballet Club;
modern dance club; four metrical
Psalms, Leslie Bassett; Michigan
Singers and Chamber Orchestra,
Prof. Klein, conductor.
8 p.m., Alumni Memorial Hall.
Faculty panel '°discusdion, "The
Function and Potentialities of an
Inter-Arts Organization," Prof.
Oliver Edel, moderator; Prof. C.
Theodore Larson, Prof. W. Earl
Britton, Prof. Ross Lee Finney,
Dr. Marvin Felheim, Dr. Juana de
Laban, Dr. Hugh Z. Norton.
Graduate History Club: get ac-
quainted meeting, League, Mon.,
Mar. 20, 4 p.m. Graduate history
students and faculty members are
U. of M. Hostel Club: Sun., Mar.
19. Leave League at 10 a.m., drive
to Winans Lake for cookout and
hiking. Bring cook kits and food
for meal. Call leader if you need,
or can offer, transportation. Ph.
+ MUSIC +
It seems to me that Mr. Slosson
might have performed an invalu-
able service as a professor by sym-
pathetically explaining the bases
upon which Mrs. Robeson and Mr.
Mandel rested their views. Cer-
tainly there are reasons for the
appearance of their voices, other-
wise they shouldn't be present;
and certainly .all too few under-
stand those bases clearly. And it
seems to me to be the privilege,
nay the duty, of the professional
scholar and teacher to display and
cast into relief different points of
view, not necessarily his own, in
order to present knowledge of his-
tory and understanding of values,
which is Mr. Slosson's assumed
But, unfortunately, politics has
been mixed with pedagogy, and
Mr. Slosson has become the dupe
of an insaubrious brew, thereby
losing effect in one and respect in
-Jack L. Upper
Edited and managed by students of
the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control of
Leon Jaroff..........Managing Editor
Al Blumrosen.............. City Editor
Philip Dawson........Editorial Director
Mary Stein..........Associate Editor
Jo Misner............Associate Editor
George Walker........Associate Editor
Don McNeil ........... Associate Editor
Wally Barth......Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin.. .........Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz.....Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaltenbach......Women's Editor
Barbara Smith... Associate Women's Ed.
Joyce Clark ......... Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jim Dangl.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff....... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
Telephone 23-24-1 ,
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively
entitled to the use for republication
of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited to this newspaper.
All rights of republication of all other
matters herein are also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann
Arbor, Michigan, as second-class mal
Subscription during the regular school
year by carrier, $5.00, by mail, $6.00.
EDWARD CHUDACOFF'S "Concerto for
Chamber Orchestra" was received with
evident relish by a large and enthusiastic
audience at last night's opening program in
the second annual Student Art Festival.
Written for a small orchestra with an
attempt to make use of the solo possibili-
-ties of strings. woodwinds, horns and per-
cussion, the Concerto throughout showed a
determined effort at expressiveness. There
was nothing esoteric about it. Chudacoff
apparently aimed at making the music
"listenable" (without making it light-
weight or stooping to the level of the low-
estlistener. in the nnnea. .n 41.6 . ho
To this unprimed ear, at least, the sec-
ond Song and Trio movement was most
rewarding on a first hearing. The expres-
sive lyrical qualities of the passage showed
to good advantage the tonal beauty of
'cellos and woodwinds especially. The final
movement returned again to a faster,
rhythmic idea following the rondo pattern.
Ably performed by a student chamber or-
chest'ra under the excellent direction of Ed-
ward Troupin, the Concerto provided an im-
pressive introduction to the Art Festival. It
promises a great deal for today's and to-
-In Mi6 ~