S'HE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, MARCH 16, -1944,
_.... .. .._ ._ : _... _. ., 9 ....
,.._ f .._
GUNTHER MARX, in a letter to the editor
yesterday, made a number of statements
which we believe would have extremely dan-
gerous implications if they were accepted. In
criticizing The Daily for playing up an "out-
rageous" front-page story on a speech by
Mrs. Paul Robeson, he indicated that he is
not only opposed to Mrs. Robeson, he is
opposed to reading what she said.
Marx's point was that our "editorial fea-
turing of one woman's transparent impres-
sions" gives rise to legitimate criticism of
our editorial policy. This, of course, is
nonsense: Marx implies that because we
report what Mrs. Robeson said, we agree
with her. Yet we also publish what Sena-
tor McCarthy says, at even greater length,
as well as the remarks of numerous other
people including Gunther Marx himself--
possibly, therefore, we can claim a sort of
innocence by association.
But underneath his criticism is the more
important implication that because Mrs.
Robeson's remarks were "nothing more than
unadulterated Soviet Russian propaganda,"
we should not have printed them, or should
not have given them such space. In other
words, "Suppress Mrs. Robeson's speech;
she's a Commie." Or, "Don't report what
Communists or pro-Communists say." Or
possibly, "Don't print what I don't agree
Perhaps our relations with Russia have
deteriorated to the point where we cannot
stand Soviet propaganda; perhaps we
should shut off all communication with
Russia; perhaps we must stop the public
expression or reporting of any pro-Russian
point of view. Apparently Gunther Marx,
and there must be many more like him,
think we should.
We believe that it is unnecessary to "pro-
tect"tour readers from propaganda of this
sort, that the cold war has not yet gotten
so hot that we must suppress pro-Russian
views, and that there is a positive value in
being aware that there are people who think
like Mrs. Robeson and in knowing what they
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Fraternities' Positive Values
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
IT IS TIME for affiliated students to stop
being ashamed of themselves. They must
drop their defensive role and make a positive
stand for their sway of college life, or it may
be wiped out forever.
Attacks on fraternities and sororities are
coming from many quarters and with in-
creasing frequency. But affiliates, in the
face of this barrage of criticism, seem to
have their backs against the wall. They
adopt an apologetic air, or they fall into a
Why? Because fraternities and sororities
today are obsessed with a fear of extinction.
This fear, a natural result of the stings to
which they have been subjected, makes
affiliated students believe that anything
they say may be used against them.
The positive side of fraternal living is
overlooked both by affiliated students,
who take it for granted, and by their ac-
cusers, who are ignorant of it or choose
to overlook it.
THE CAMPUS DISCRIMINATION issue,
already dogged. from so many criminal
browbeatings from groups and individuals
unaware of what stand to take, was the
victim of another onslaught last week.
At an informal discussion sponsored by
the East Quad Council, conservative and
progressive views were ailed at what turn-
ed out to be another gross -misinterpre-
tation of the problem - namely, failure
to establish independent-affiliated har-
Gordon MacDougall, speaking frankly but
unwilling to give much credit to fraternity
and sorority feeling, claimed that these
groups were insincere in most anti-bias ac-
tion they have either originated or felt
was necessary. He further blamed affiliat-
ed groups for laxity in that not one group
was associated with Committee to End Dis-
I feel such an association is unnecessary,
detrimental to the very rights of affiliated
organizations as individually - functioning
housing units, and a means through which
an independent group would attempt to
dictate discriminatory policies to a body
over which it should have no control what-
The only suitable approach to the fra-
ternity-sorority bias problem - as one of
the discussion listeners pointed out in the
question period - seems through grant-
ing each organization the privilege of
doing what that group feels is best, and
abolishing unwarranted "time limits" in
removing bias clauses from constitutions.
After all, fraternity and sorority members
constitute a self-sustaining group; in order
to maintain their "individual" status, those
groups shouldn't be subject to a series of
this-is-the-way-things-must-be demands ex-
ercised by other bodies knowing little or
nothing of the way affiliated organizations
These are the criticisms most often made
of the fraternity-sorority system:
That it is warped by racial and religious
That it strangles individuality.
That all its members come from the same
social and economic level.
That it is undemocratic.
I want to try, not only to defend the
system, but to show the values which make
it worth defending, worth preserving. This
is a very personal editorial, for the values
themselves are very personal. But though
they are personal, they need not be kept
Bias clauses are being removed from
fraternity charters-not all at once, but
singly, as the younger elements in each
national fraternity fight to assert their
beliefs. Most affiliated people in college
today regard the clauses as an insult, not
only to other races, but also to themselves.
The clauses imply that college students
are not fully capable of choosing their
What has been said up to now is a mat-
ter of public record. But I can best state
the rest of my case by telling you about my
own fraternity, since it is the one I know
The proof of the following statements lies
in the fact that they have been lived.
My fraternity does not strangle individ-
uality. Political opinions range from ultra-
liberal to a position slightly to the right
of Alexander Hamilton. Consequently,
there is much argument-but no resent-
ment. Any belief thoughtfully arrived at
is not only tolerated but respected.
Our house holds engineers and business
administration students, writers and lawyers,
athletes and activities men, and a number of
people who would resent being classified.
My brothers come from many social and
economic levels. But except in editorials,
none of us ever thinks of it, for we know it
doesn't matter where friendship is con-
cerned. During rushing, no consideration
is given to a person's wealth or family back-
ground. Usually, we don't even know it.
My fraternity is democratic. It is true
that a rushee must have the unanimous
approval of all members present at rushing,
before he can be pledged. But if this be
minority rule, then everyone has an equal
chance to be the minority. This is done
through respect for individual wishes, and
in an effort to prevent hostility later on.
In a dormitory or roooming house, if you
don't like someone you ignore him. But fra-
ternities were not established for isolation's
sake. Throughout our rushing, we sincerely
try to do what is best for everyone con-
No one in our house feels superior to inde-
pendents. We respect everyone's right to
choose the way in which he will live and the
people with whom he will share his life.
Within my fraternity, complete democ-
racy exists. There are no cliques. Every-
one is equal, regardless of background.
The greatest gift my fraternity gives me
is a feeling of belonging, of togetherness.
It is a good gift to carry with one in a world
of loneliness and misunderstanding.
(Continued from Page 3)
Lecture. "Religion and the World
Community," Dr. Perry Gresham,
Central Christian Church, Detroit;
auspices of the Religion in Life
Week Program. 8:30 p.m., Thurs.,
Mar. 16, Rackham Lecture Hall.
Faculty, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: Freshman
five-week progress reports are due
Fri., Mar. 17, Academic Counsel-
ors' Office, 1210 Angell Hall.
12, Lecture Section II,
examination, Sat., Mar.
"Oh, well, he's just a mean little kid."
Xette,/ TO THE EDITOR
The Daily welcomes communications from its readers on matters of
general interest, and will publish all letters which are signed by the writer
and in good taste. Letters exceeding 300 words in length, defamatory or
libelous letters, and letters which for any reason are not in. good taste will
be condensed, edited, or withheld from publication at the discretion of the
NIGHT EDITOR: JOHN DAVIES
T SEEMS that there are still those who
conclude that the recent acquittal of Dr.
Herman Sander in New Hampshire was a
victory for the supporters of mercy killings.
At least Rosemary Owen in her Sunday edi-
torial would have us believe so.
Legally speaking, the case made no prece-
dent. No judge or no jury will ever use the
case of New Hampshire vs. Sander as a
legal precedent for mercy killings. The
euthanasia aspect, hovering over the
courtroom like a poised leopard during the
whole proceedings, was never given a
chance to develop. Dr. Sander was acquit-
ted solely' because the jury felt that he did
not end the life of Mrs. Borroto.
In both the Sander case and the Carol Ann
Paight case the defense realized the possi-
bility of their trials turning into precedent-
making decisions for or against euthanasia.
Both defense attorneys, being trained in the
law, must have felt that if their cases ever
boiled down to a question of euthanasia,
their clients might as well give up.
Lawyers realize that unless the law
books are changed, a so-called "mercy
killing" becomes murder. That is why
Carol Ann Paight's attorney changed his
defense to one of temporary insanity, and
that is why Dr. Sander's counsel fought
his case entirely on the basis of fact, dis-
counting all theory on euthanasia.
If the recent mercy killing trials proved
anything besides their parties' immediate
guilt or innocence, it was that the supporters
of euthanasia will have to turn to the legis-
latures and not to the courts for their satis-
faction. The legislature makes the law. It
is the court's job to interpret the law. So
long as mercy killings remain off the stat-
utes, as such, they will continue to be treated
FIVE PERCENT ISN'T BAD
"MOREOVER, it's about time we re-ex-
amined our attitude towards the so-
called 'five-percenters.' The fact is that the
government needs certain supplies, that
there are small businessmen who have the
stuff for sale, and that the man who brings
them together is performing a service to the
THOMAS L. STOKES:
There's Still an England
WASHINGTON-There may not always be
an England. But there still is, for-
In a bad, mad world, there's something
stabilizing and comforting in the pomp
and ceremony of Parliament, with its an-
cient symbols and quaint artifices-and
that queerest paradox of all, a king of a
still vast empire reading a canned speech
handed to him. And now, Heaven help us,
a king's address ghost-written by social-
ists! Shades of Henry VIII.
Where in all the world can you beat that?
A ghost reading a ghost-written speech.
Since England herself has reduced her
king to a nice. household figure, one may
safely present an imaginary scene in Buck-
"Y YDEAR, have you got your speech?"
From a queen with that wise, wifely
The King reaches for his inside pocket
hurriedly, furtively, and the sudden scared
scowl disappears as suddenly when he feels
it there and, with husbandly annoyance,
growls impatiently: "Of course."
Then coyly, if like most wives:
"Is it a good speech?" No answer.
They look about to see if they are in or-
der, get in that handsome old coach with the
four white horses, and ride down the street
amid their subjects and, just as centuries
ago, flanked by the household cavalry with
breastplates and plumes, ready to meet the
French at Agincourt, or the Scots at Cul-
Or Clement Attlee in the House of Com-
* * *
THERE, in the presence of his ghost-writ-
er, the King rises and reads his address,
speaking ever and anon about "my govern-
ment" and "my ministers" and feeling per-
haps for a brief few minutes like a real king
indecisive election, and this all breaks out,
after the pomp and ceremony, when Win-
ston Churchill serves notices that he will
challenge "my ministers" and "my gov-
ernment" on the big issues of the day
about which the King said nothing, no-
tably nationalization of steel, in what are
called "amendments" to His Majesty's
And, as a consequence, there may be
another election presently, and another
scene like this, and the King again speak-
ing of "my government" and "my ministers,"
only it may be a different set of ministers
and a different ghost-writer, Winston
Churchill perchance-and certainly, in that
case, a brighter and livelier speech "from the
But the same King.
* * *
ABOUT ALL he can do is to read those
speeches. If, in these days a king would
like to step out on his own, such as this
King's brother, and take unto himself an
American wife, oh no. That takes you right
off the throne, as he found out. But a ghost-
writer is ready for that sort of emergency,
too. And there's always a king to read those
speeches and a queen to ask:
"Have you got your speech, dear?"
And so England goes on, and it's all very
consoling somehow in a bad, mad world.
The people still rule and keep their king
there to denote the permanence of change.
(Copyright, 1950, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
YOU CAN BUY it now - the third edition
of Einstein's "The Meaning of Relativ-
ity," containing "Appendix II," which tries to
unify the theories of gravitation and elec-
But be on guard :TIt contains errors.
Hospital Affair.. .
To the Editor:
ONLY PEOPLE thoroughly ig-
norant of University Hospital
routine, or the routine of any hos-
pital, or of everyday adult life any-
where save on a college campus,
and indifferent to the welfare of
either principal in the recent hos-
pital incident, would act in the
way certain student groups and
These people choose to regard
the doctor-elevator operator fight
solely as a case of calculated and
brutal oppression. Although our
courts have received the case, they
insist that justice cannot be done
unless "public opinion is aroused,"
and that nothing short of the ex-
tinction of the physician's profes-
sional career will placate this "jus-
tice." Those who keep their heads
willhrecognize this ultimatum-it
is the lynch law.
Only one principal has made a
statement, in which can be read-
ily seen, by those who permit
themselves to see, some provoca-
tions to a tense and hurried indi-
vidual. Having made a notarized
statement, she is requested by a
hospital official to say nothing
further to a reporter. The fledg-
ling propagandists rephrase her
statement for their circulars, ig-
nore its unilateral origin, and see
in the simple protective request of
the hospital vast repressive ma-
chinery. Like Jacobins, they de-
mand more bloody heads.
There are positive social values
threatened by this rigid and sadis-
tic attitude, which will be hard to
replace if it must be appeased.
There is the rebuilding of hospital
morale to accept a situation where
ignorant adolescents may dictate
policy when they choose. There is
the sacrifice of skill developed by
years of training in a complex
surgical specialty, as Dr. Sullen-
berger has received, skill which
could someday be needed by one
of these people who would now
eagerly erase it to punish one
The courts which will handle
this case consider the charge as
simple assault, for which suitable
penalties are prescribed. The char-
arters who have run up shouting,
"Help! Murder!" see it only as a
case of wanton white brutality to-
ward thecolored man, and will
never see less or more. It was they
who injected the racial issue and
the motive for what was actually
a complexly determined action.
Yet if they get the pieces of these
human lives distributed over the
landscape to their liking, others,
whose spectra extend beyond mere
whites and blacks, will have to
pick them up again.
-Robert M. Edwards, M.D.
James B. Ludwig, M.D.
* * *
To Each His Own .. .
To the Editor:
I READ WITH rapt interest Leah
Marks' editorial espousal of
mercy killing, but the bother in-
volved in putting the cases up to
a board of doctors and a court of
arbitrators seems to me so much
unnecessary fiddle-faddle. Who
knows better than the patient
himself if he's ready for a slow
boat ride across the Styx? Be-
sides, how can some friendly mur-
derer with a mickey in his hypo
be brought to trial at all if the
patient handles the case? In view
of these provocative questions,
which show the considerable ad-
vantages to be found in the "to
each his own" system, I would
suggestion the following four-
point program so that it may be
practiced with the greatest amount
of physical and moral efficiency:
1-Equip each human beyond
the age of seven (generally accept-
ed as the age of reason) with a
box of lethal but sweet tasting Ex-
terminator Pills ("Look for the
Big Red Harp on the Box"). If a
severe attack of the grippe, a fit
of melancholy, ordisappointment
in a love tryst, takes everything
out of life for you, simply take
yourself out too. Just gulp down
2-For the sake of convenience
and' sanitary reasons, install a
number of Bury-terias around
town. This would enable the po-
tential faithful departed to stand
oi the edge of a freshly dug grave,
insert a nominal cover charge in
the coin slot, and let the machine
handle the rest, including com-
memorative flowers for the first
3-For the neater, hard-to-
please persons, who prefers less
muss, install a Hot-o-Mat. After
making out an address label to
his next of kin, the subject would
stand on a platform, pay the fuel
tax, take his pill, and after he
had collapsed, be flung into a
fiery crematorium. The machine
would automatically stamp and
mail a monogrammed urn con-
taining his ashes to any point in
the United States, Canada, or
Newfoundland, free of charge.
4-In order to balance the larg-
er number of departures for the
Great Beyond and equalize the
distribution of happiness, set up
a Mercy Fertilization Clinic for
worthy and desirous maiden lad-
Over here please, Mr. Joyboy,
somebody got a cigarette in their
monogrammed urn ...
-H. B. Maloney,
To the Cleaners...
To the Editor:
"DRY CLEANING at its best."
This situation is prevalent in
Ann Arbor. Ask for a receipt for
your garments, and you are given
an arduous smile. Ask for a refund
on marred or lost garments and
all liability is disclaimed. Formal
gowns are torn, trousers are rip-
ped, jackets are shrunk, and the
familiar reply is-"that was the
condition in which it was brought
in." How much longer will this
pecuniary extortion exist in Ann
Arbor? Are YOU still being taken
to the cleaners?
Foreign Language Examinations
for the A.M. in History. 4 p.m.,
Fri., Mar. 17, Rm. G, Haven Hall.
Use of a dictionary is permitted.
Students taking the examination
must register in 119 Haven Hall,
Electrical Engineering Colloqui-
um: Fri., Mar. 17, 4 p.m., 2084 E.
Engineering. Mr. H. C. Early, Re-
search Engineer with the Engi-
neering Research Institute, will
speak on "Preliminary Research
on a Low-Pressure Ionic Wind
Seminar on Elliptic Differential
Equations (Seminar in Applied
Mathematics): Thurs., Mar. 16, 4
p.m., 247 W. Engineering. Speaker:
Mr. L. A. Jehn. Topic:, "General-
izations of Green's theorems to n
Wildlife Management Seminar:
7:30 pm., Thurs., Mar. 16, 1139
Natural Science Bldg. Prof. Donal
H. Haines, Journalism Depart-
ment, will speak on Conservation
Zino Francescatti, violinist, will
give the tenth program in the
Choral Union Series, Mon., Mar.
20, 8:30 p.m., Hill Auditorium.
Program: Hindemith Sonata No.
2; Bach Partita No. 2; Milhaud'
Suite; Saint-Saens' "Havanaise";
and Sarasate's "Zigeunerweisen."
Tickets are available at the of-
fices of the University Musical
Society in Burton Memorial Tow-
er; and will also be available at
the Hill Auditorium box office on
the night of the performance after
Organ Recital. The first in a
series of three recitals by Robert
.Noehren, University Organist, will
be presented at 4:15 p.m., Sun.,
Mar. 19, Hill Auditorium. All are
devoted to the organ music of Jo-
hann Sebastian Bach and will be
open to the public. The first will
include his Concerto in A minor,
Chorale Preludes on "All Glory Be
to God on High," Prelude -and Fu-
gue in A minor, Trio-Sonata No. 5
in C major, and Toccata and Fugue
in D minor. The second and third
programs will be on Mar. 26 and
Student Recital: Jeanne Tin-
dall, flutist, will present a program
in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music at 4:15 p.m.,
Fri., Mar. 17, Lydia Mendelssohn
Theater. Mrs. Tindall is a pupil
of Nelson Hauenstein, and her
program will be open to the public.
She will be assisted by Nancy Joan
Lewis, pianist, Rose Marie Jun,
soprano, Donald Miller, violinist,
David Ireland, violist, and Har-
riet Risk, cellist.
Student Recital: Warren Bellis,
claripetist, will be heardat 8:30
p.m., Thurs., Mar. 16, Rackham As-
sembly Hall, in a program present-
ed in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Master of
Music degree. A pupil of William
Stubbins, Mr. Bellis will be assist-
ed by Eva Havas, pianist, Robert
Pfeuffer, bassoonist, and John
Crawford, clarinetist. Open to
Museum of Art, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall: Brooklyn Museum Third
Print Annual, through Mar. 22;
weekdays 9-5, Sundays 2-5. The
public is invited.
Religion in Life Week:
4 p.m., Seminars: "The Hydro-
gen Bomb and World Peace," by
Dr. John S. Everton. Henderson
Room, League. "Is the Bible the
Sole Rule of Faith?" by Mr. Rob-
ert Woznicki. St. Mary's Student
4:15 p.m., Christian Science Or-
ganization: Seminar, Mr. James
IZFA "kum-zitz," 8:30
B'nai B'rith Hillel House.
(Continued on Page 5)
Watt, C.S., Fireside Room, Lane
8 p.m., Class in Scholastic Phil-
osophy, Rev. John F. Bradley. St.
Mary's Student Chapel.
8:30 p.m., Protestant Assembly,
Rackham Lecture Hall, Dr. Perry
Wesleyan Guild: 5:30 p.m., Kap-
pa Phi supper and program. To-
pic: The United Nations.
Canterbury Club: 10:15 a.m.,
Holy Communion. 12:10-12:50 p.-
m., Lenten lunch followed by ser-
vice of prayer and meditation. 5:15
p.m., Evening Prayer and Medita-
How to Meet Frontiers: 7:15 p.-
m., Guild House. Congregeational,
Disciple and Evangelical & Re-
Society of Automotive Engineers
present Mr. L. M. Jones with films
and a talk on ]docket Firing, 7:30
p.m., 348 W. Engineering Bldg.
International Center Weekly Tea:
Polonia Club: Meeting, 7:30 p.m.,
International Center. Student Fac-
ulty Tea. All members and inter-
ested students invited.
Gilbert and Sullivan Society:
Full rehearsal, 7:15 p.m., League.
All expecting to participate in "Io-
lanthe" performance must be pre-
sent. Tenors especially invited.
Undergraduate Psychological So-
ciety: - The Discussion Group in
Clinical Psychology will present
Dr. Max Hutt, 7:30 p.m., 3121
Natural Science. Dr. Hut.t's sub-
ject: "The Diagnostic Problems
Confronting the Clinical Psychol-
ogist and the Methods Used to
Solve Them." Pre-professional stu-
dents in psychology invited,
Student Science Society: Meet-
ing, 7:30 p.m., 1300 Chemistry
Bldg. Speaker: Prof. F. G. Gustaf-
son, department of botany. Topic:
"Plant Growth Hormones" (illus-
Michigan Arts Chorale: Report
at Rackham at 8 p.m.
Modern Poetry Club: 7:30 p.m.,
1007 Angell Hall.
La P'tite Causette: 3:30 p.m.,
Grill Room, League.
U. of M. Young Republican Club:
Generalmembership meeting to
decide club delegates and alter-
nates for next week's convention.
7:30 p.m., Garden Room, League.
..U. of M. Sailing Club: Shore
School, 7:30 p.m., 311 W. Engi-
neering. Two classes: Rigs and
knots, racing rules.
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the University of Michigan under the
authority of the Board in Control .of
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Wally Barth....... Photography Editor
Pres Holmes.........Sports Co-Editor
Merle Levin...... .Sports Co-Editor
Roger Goelz. Associate Sports Editor
Lee Kaitenbach....... Womenx's Editor
Barbara Smith... .Associate Women's'Ed.
Allan damage..............L"*ra** rak
Joyce Clark........Assistant Librarian
Roger Wellington....Business Manager
Dee Nelson.. Associate Business Manager
Jin Dangl.......Advertising Manager
Bernie Aidinoff...... Finance Manager
Bob Daniels...... Circulation Manager
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