See Page 4
Latest Deadline in the Stie
VOL. LIX, No, 93 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, FEB. 17, 1949
PRICE FIVE CENTS
No Change Seen
In Atlantic Policy
Acheson Denies U.S. Backing Down
On West European Defense Alliance
WASHINGTON - P) - Secretary of State Acheson declared
emphatically yesterday that American policy toward the proposed
North Atlantic Security Treaty has not changed.
He thus challenged complaints in Western Europe and Com-
munist propaganda claims that the United States was backing down
on its intention to make an effective defense alliance with the
Western European nations.
HIS STATEMENT was issued at a news conference in response
to questions prompted by assertions of Senate leaders that this
country cannot make any automatic commitment to go to war in
case one of the other nations in4 * * *
the security system is attacked.
The precise kind of commit-
ment which may be made is
still being negotiated and Ache-
son did not discuss it.
He talked instead about "ob-
jectives" and "policies" and de-
clared that in this respect there
are "no real differences" between
the State Department and the
Senate's bi-partisan foreign pol-
icy leaders, Connally (D-Tex.)
and Vandenberg (R-Mich.).
"WE HAVE been proceeding,"
he said, "on the basis of policies
which have been clearly defined
and which, I think, are well un-
Those policies, he said, were
spelled out by President Tru-
man in his inauguration ad-
dress Jan. 20 and in Senate and
House resolutions adopted last
The Senate and House resolu-
tions favored association of the
United States under the United
Nations charter with other na-
tions having common security in-
* 4 *
MR. TRUMAN declared the
purpose of such an association
would be to discourage aggression
by confronting the potential ag-
gressor with "unmistakable proof"
that any attack would be met with
dim Jans, '49, president of Stu-
dent Legislature, assumed per-
sonal leadership of the proposed
"Meet Your Regents" project yes-
terday and SL's campus action
committee was named to do the
Meanwhile, Regent Roscoe 0.
Bonisteel, of Ann Arbor, refused
to comment on the student-Re-
* * *
BONISTEEL, who was the only
member of the Board not con-
tacted earlier by The Daily, said
he "lacked information" concern-
ing the project and would with-
hold comment until later.
He was out of town last week-
end when a Daily survey reveal-
ed all seven other Regents to be
favorably inclined, to SL's pro-
posal on the basis of unofficial
Both Democratic nominees for
Regents positions open in the
April election have been commit-
ted to attend the meeting.
JANS AND THE Campus Action
group decided to submit the pro-
posed meeting for approval at a
meeting of the Student Affairs
R~oyall Den ies
Give Up Japan
Stories from Tokyo
WASHINGTON-W) - The role
of Japan in America's global de-
fense plans was a prime topic here
today, with Secretary of the
Army Royall denying he ever said
the army might abandon Japan in
event of an attack by Russia.
A few hours earlier, Secretary
of State Acheson said this coun-
try's intentions toward defending
Japan in the event of hostilities
* x ' *
WITHOUT stating what those
intentions are, he stressed that
no shift in American strategy is
contemplated as a result of Roy-
all's recent visit to Tokyo.
During that visit, a series of
stories emanated from Japan
quoting a "high authority" to
the effect that Japan might be
indefensible in case of war, and
it might be better to pull out.
Subsequently some dispatches
identified Royall as the author-
Royall said today that he did
meet with newsmen in Tokyo on
Feb. 6. Denying he made such re-
marks to them, he said he had
stated that the United States was
prepared to "meet all comers." j
Applications for reinstatement
of University Regents Alumni
Scholarships must be filed with
Ivan W. Parker, secretary of the
Committee on University Scholar-
ships, 1020 Adminisitration Build-
ing. by Feb. 18.
Any student who formerly held
one of these scholarships and who
lost it for academic reasons isj
eligible for reinstatement.
Of Law Violation
By DON McNEIL
The "California Pyramid" game
appears to have spread across the
town and campus, despite warn-
ings from Washtenaw County law
and enforcement agencies that
the game is a lottery and illegal.)
Michigan Bell Telephone Co.
manager N. J. Prakken reported a
heavy upswing in telephone calls
yesterday that crowded Ann Arbor
* * *
THE GAME DEPENDS on the
element of personal contact to
avoid conflicting with federal laws
which cut short the chain-letters,
a similar game a few years back.
Detroit phones were jammed Tues-
day with participants trying to
A Daily check of fraternities,f
sororities, down-town bars and
taxi-drivers showed that the
Pyramid is a number one topic
of discussion in Ann Arbor.
City police reported a flood of
questions regarding the game last
ONE STUDENT reported being
approached in the down-town bus
station and asked to join.
Effervescent campus partici-
pants said profits were "lucra-
tive, providing the pyramid
doesn't break," and explained
the game as played in Ann Ar-
It begins with 12 people who
draw for positions on a pyramid-
shaped chart. Each of the players
begin by putting $2 in a kitty.
The amount grows as the players
go out and bring back two new
THE PERSONS in the game
move up the pyramid until they
reach positions where they are
being paid off by contributions
from far below.
The game appeared in An
Arbor several days ago and has
gained rapid headway in Willow
Village, according to police re-j
Law enforcement officials prom-
ised prompt investigation of all
complaints received of the game.
They stressed that the Pyramid
is a poor opportunity since the
mathematical risk of theegame
remaining unbroken is tremen-
A committee to investigate the
Engineering Honor System was
appointed last night at a discus-
sion meeting of students and fac-
ulty members of the College of
1ngineering, held under the aus-
pices of the student chapter of
The main problem concerning
the system is that it is a haze to
most students. Even some of the
faculty members have been con-
fused by inadequate explanations.
One of the proposals was to have a
booklet published with an actual
definition of the system and its
The Honor Council, which
judges cases, is too small a group
to handle the affairs of the entire
College of Engineering, it was
felt. Smaller groups, made up en-
tircly of students, should be cre-
ated representing each depart-
ment in the College.
WSSF DRIVE-President Alexander Ruthven hanads the first contribution to the World Student
Service Fund drive to Deba Dutt, central committee treasurer. Frank Zagelmeyer, representing
the Union, Judy Levin, Student Religious Association, Pat McKenna, League, and Lew Towler,
chairman of the drive, look on. The campus dr've for $5,000 opens today.
* * * * 4 * * * *
TAG DAY TODAY:
W SSF To Aid Tubercular Students
By JANET WATTS
One in every ten students in
some areas in Europe have infec-
tious tuberculosis, reported World
Student Service Fund officials as
the local committee prepared to
open its campus drive today.
Special tag day buckets will be
set up at every corner on campus
for the $5,000 campaign. The
money will be sent directly to
W.S.S.F. t.b. sanatoria.
THE W.S.S.F. figures show that
25 to 100 oul, of a thousand stu-
dents have active t.b. In contrast,
only one to three of 1.000 Ameri-
can students have contracted the
disease. according to Health Serv-
"Sometimes we find as many
as three tubercular students in
a thousand, but ordinarily the
rate is much lower," said Dr.
Warren Forsythe, Health Serv-
Dr. Forsythe added that only
supervised care in special sana-
Leland Stowe Says Soviets
Seek End to Beriim Cold War
Russia is about to seek an end to the cold war in Berlin, Leland
Stowe, Pulitzer prize winning foreign corresponden t, declared here
In an interview with The Daily, Stowe predfieted that the United
States can undoubtedly gain some compromises from Russia, al-
though "there is no need to rush into the matter."
"WE MUST NOT, however, completely discourage the overtures
of peace made by Russia even if done through the newspapers rather
than through diplomatic channels, fbr this will put us in a bad
light," hie said.
toria would enable the diseased
person to return to health.
THE W.S.S.F. provides nourish-
ing food and specialized medical
care in recently established sana-
toria in Switzerland, Czechoslo-
vakia and India.
Students need the special care
of the sanatoria because food
deficiencies and wartime activi-
tives have strained their health
and made them susceptible to
t.b., the W.S.S.F. reports.
The campus W.S.S.F. has made
two-fold plans for its local cam-
paign. The committee has direct-
ly approached organized groups to
make individual pledges. Oster-
well Co-op House, Michigan
Co-op, Zeta Tau Alpha sorority,
Westminster Guild, Congrega-
tional Disciples Guild and Crayae
House have made pledges.
The names of six University
students, winners of this year's
freshman Hopwood Awards, were
announced yesterday by Hayward
Keniston, Dean of the Literary
Top honors in the contest were
won by Nancy Watkins in a cere-
mony in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre yesterday afternoon. Miss
Watkins was given two awards of
$50 each, one in fiction for her
manuscript, "Four Stories," and
another in essay for "Shrine of
Theodore Herzl Solotaroff, an-
other fiction winner, received $30
for his manuscript, "It Rains in
Spring," and Anne Gardner $20
for "Century's Child."
In the poetry division, the top
award of $50 went to William
Trousdale for "Worlds Living
Now." The second poetry winner,
Joan Striefling, was awarded $30
for "Eight Poems."
An award of $40 went to Allison
Shumsky for his manuscript, "I
Like It Here," in the essay divi-
The winners were picked from
51 contestants who submitted 58
GREEN BAY Wis.-( -
M are the risks a policeman
must take these days.
The Police Day Book carries
the following notice:
"See the bulletin board for
the list of officers to shoot for
It is signed by Chief H. J.
MUNICH, Germany -() - Se-
crecy imposed for reasons un-
known even to Gen. Lucius D.
Clay, masked the opening of a spy
trial before a U.S. military com-
mission here yesterday.
Gen. Clay, U.S. Military Gov-
ernor in Germany, ordered an in-
vestigation from his headquarters
in Frankfurt. He said he would or-
der an open trial unless the court
convinces him the secrecy is nec-
* * *
HE WILL have to be shown, he
said, that an open trial would in-
volve "real and actual" danger to
the United States, or imperil the
lives of innocent persons.
In Washington, Secretary of
the Army Royall said he had
called for a report on the trial.
"Only the most important se-
curity consideration could justi-
fy such secrecy," he said. "I
would not approve such a course
without the strongest showing"
A handcuffed man, dark-haired,
pale and slender and about 30
years old, is believed to be the
sole defendant in this first of a
series of five related spy trials.
HIS IDENTITY was kept a se-
cret, and the commission has an-
nounced it never will disclose its
verdict, which may be the death
penalty. The man is believed to
be a Czech, one of about 20 per-
sons charged with spying for the
Communist Czechoslovak govern -
ment. Five trials, in all, are shed-
The trial is being held under
U.S. Military Government laws
which are issued by Clay as Mili-
By Ellin,1 L
Three students were named to
one year terms on Men's Judiciary
Council, Ev Ellin, retiring chair-
They are Irwin W. GOffman,
'50; Joseph H. Guttentag, '50; and
Jim Smith, '50.
THE TRIO W ERE among 10
applicants for the positions and
were chosen after a double-series
of interviews and eliminations, by
Ellin and male members of the
Student Legislature Cabinet.
Goffman is a member of the
Inter-Racial Association execu-
tive council and has served as
an interviewer on the Univer-
sity Social Science Research
Guttentag is president of An -
derson House, in the East Quad:
a member of Alpha Phi Omega
service fraternity; and is a meJm-
ber of the Varsity 1ebate squd.
SMITH IS AT present finance
finance director for Union Opera;
has served as secretary to Sphinx:
worked on the4soph Prom, Union
staff; and gone out for wrestlingE
and 150 lb. football.,
Other members of the Coun-
cil who continue are Bill Reit-
zer, '511; Marsh Lewis, 49;
George Meyer, '49; and Poo
Note Clai ms
VATICAN CITY - (R') -Diplo-
mats of 33 nations presented Pope
Pius XII today a message declar-
ing the treason trial of Josef Car-
dinal Mindszenty an "offense to
religious, personal and political
They gave the Pope their sym-
* * *
strength and force, so negotia-
tions should be put off until
next fall when the United States
is stronger, lie asserted.
Stowe feels that there is no such
thing as an inevitable war at this
time. "It took twenty years for
the last war to become inevitable.
How can another war become in-
evitable in only three?"
To Stay Free
Events of modern times have
FROM A GOLD, red and ivory
throne, the Pope expressed his
"In the midst of the conflict
that opposes the defenders of a
totalitarian regime against the
champions of a concept of the
state and society founded, ac-
cording to the will of God, upon
the dignity and liberty of man,"
he said, "this historic audience
faithfully reflects the thoughts
and aspirations of by far the
largest and most wholesome
part of the community.
It manifests the reaction of the
Christian, or simply human, con-
science against all oppression .and
all arbitrariness, against all denial
of justice and all menace to sacred
rights and principles."
AGAIN today as in two previous
statements since a Hungarian
people's court sentenced Cardinal
ian handwriting experts, now in
protective custody of American
authorities, said today they
helped forge some of the docu-
ments used in the pre-trial
campaign against Josef Cardi-
Mindszenty last week to life im-
prisonment, the Pontiff avoided a
direct condemnation of Commu-
nism, the Communist government
of Hungary or the Hungarian peo-
The Pope said the gathering of
the diplomats "is not a verdict
against the nations whose terri-
tories are the scene of such grave
in.uries to the elemental rights
of the human person."
RATHER, he said, and he quotes
from the diplomats' message, it is
a "manifestation of homage, as,
well as fraternal solidarity,
towards those who 'suffer because
they defend their religious faith
and the liberties it implies'."
D .utch Agree to
THE HAGUE, The Netherlands
-/P)--The Dutch government to-
day announced "in principle" its
readiness to comply with United
Nations Security Council orders to
grant self-rule to Indonesia.
A more detailed declaration is
expected to be made in Parliament
The Security Council on Jan.
28 ordered Holland to form a pro-
visional government of Indonesia
by March 15, sponsor free elec-
tion of an Indonesian constituent
ass6embly by Oct. 1, and transfer
crown power in the island to a
sovereign government by July 1,
The Council also ordered imme-
diate release of officials of the
Republic of Indonesia who were
interned in Holland's military
conquest of the Republic in De-
Today and tomorrow are the
Ui e We 'necu for education more
I imperative thm ever before if de-
HIS jo~urnYalism lecture bE- mcuvi nmvv elrd
a capacity crowd in Havetinocis iM t Advie
Stowe warned that there Provost 'P. Adama,
must be a new type of journalism
in the United States or the Ameri-
can way of life is finished.
"Along with the changing
world must go a revolution in
journalism," he declared.
"There must be new conceptions
of the role of journalism set in
the framework of an ideological,
economic and atomic revolu-
tion. There must be courage
and greater skills to carry out
these new conceptions."
In introducing Stowe, Prof.
Wesley Maurer announced that
the foreign correspondent has be-
come a consultant to the school of
le rave the firsIt of the Special
Lectures in Education being pre-
sented by the education school at'
University 1 ig School audito-
Survival of the democratic
process is imperiled because error
is more costly now that "the world
has learned to destroy itself,"
"The future has been fore-
shortened; time is no longer an
ally." Judgements must be rapid
as well as wise. he said.
"The foundation of democracy
is individual understanding and
restraint: education should build
a part of this foundation."
CLASS I FlEDS
Now everyone may or-
der a classified cad by
simply dialing 2-3241.
Cail before 3:00 P.M.
weekdays and 11:30
A.M. on Saturday.
ENGINEER IN HIGH SPIRITS AFTER
Oyster Orgies Cast Slimy Spell Over Campus
By MARY STEIN onto what may well be an oyster- any-"I could barely face a fried said immediately afterwards.
Despite expressions of warning eating record. oyster, let alone a raw one." "They weren't quite up to par
and disgusted amazement from And Bev Bussey, Daily sports However, Brown and a Mis- toward the end, though,"
University health authorities, a feature editor, downed 12 souri-born Daily reporter went He followed up the "appetizer"
minor wave of eating orgies swept hamburgers in 35 minutes. Miss along to watch Porter, a 155- I with a man-sired meal.
campus yesterday. Bussey was trying for the 13th, pound six-footer, attack the '**
the mark set by a University platterful. UNIVERSITY medical authori-
They followed on the heels of a'3
16-year-old freshman's 48-oyster of Califoria student, when she He showed em, all right, ties took a dim view of what be-
1. --old 4 -ystr.g ave up. * * * :aa to look like a student fad.
fects, there is probably no x
ticular harm in it," Dr. Forsy
* * *
"I'M AMAZED that her gas
intestinal system could take
said Dr. Bell, referring to 14